Results for 'Rationalism Social aspects'

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  1.  36
    The Rational and the Social.James Robert Brown - 1989 - Routledge.
    THE SOCIOLOGICAL TURN The problem we are concerned with is just this: How should we understand science? Are we to account for scientific knowledge (or ...
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  2. Ulysses and the Sirens: Studies in Rationality and Irrationality.Jon Elster (ed.) - 1979 - Editions De La Maison des Sciences De L'Homme.
    This book was first published in 1984, as the revised edition of a 1979 original. The text is composed of studies in a descending sequence from perfect rationality, through imperfect and problematical rationality, to irrationality. Specifically human rationality is characterized by its capacity to relate strategically to the future, in contrast to the myopic 'gradient climbing' of natural selection. There is trenchant analysis of some of the parallels proposed in this connection between the biological and the social sciences. In (...)
     
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  3.  10
    The Why and How of Enabling the Integration of Social and Ethical Aspects in Research and Development.Steven M. Flipse, Maarten C. A. Sanden & Patricia Osseweijer - 2013 - Science and Engineering Ethics 19 (3):703-725.
    New and Emerging Science and Technology (NEST) based innovations, e.g. in the field of Life Sciences or Nanotechnology, frequently raise societal and political concerns. To address these concerns NEST researchers are expected to deploy socially responsible R&D practices. This requires researchers to integrate social and ethical aspects (SEAs) in their daily work. Many methods can facilitate such integration. Still, why and how researchers should and could use SEAs remains largely unclear. In this paper we aim to relate motivations (...)
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  4.  6
    Medical, Social and Christian Aspects in Patients with Major Lower Limb Amputations.Bogdan Stancu, Georgel Rednic, Nicolae Ovidiu Grad, Ion Aurel Mironiuc & Claudia Diana Gherman - 2016 - Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 15 (43):82-101.
    Lower limb major amputations are both life-saving procedures and life-changing events. Individual responses to limb loss are varied and complex, some individuals experience functional, psychological and social dysfunction, many others adjust and function well. Some patients refuse amputation for religious and/or cultural reasons. One of the greatest difficulties for a person undergoing amputation surgery is overcoming the psychological stigma that society associates with the loss of a limb. Persons who have undergone amputations are often viewed as incomplete individuals. The (...)
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  5.  4
    The Why and How of Enabling the Integration of Social and Ethical Aspects in Research and Development.Steven M. Flipse, Maarten Ca van der Sanden & Patricia Osseweijer - 2013 - Science and Engineering Ethics 19 (3):703-725.
    New and Emerging Science and Technology (NEST) based innovations, e.g. in the field of Life Sciences or Nanotechnology, frequently raise societal and political concerns. To address these concerns NEST researchers are expected to deploy socially responsible R&D practices. This requires researchers to integrate social and ethical aspects (SEAs) in their daily work. Many methods can facilitate such integration. Still, why and how researchers should and could use SEAs remains largely unclear. In this paper we aim to relate motivations (...)
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  6.  3
    Razón y Desarrollo: El Crecimiento Económico, Las Instituciones y la Distribución de la Riqueza Espiritual.Javier A. Elguea - 2008 - Colegio de México.
    Este libro es un estudio sobre las teor as del desarrollo social y un an lisis de las estrategias, instituciones y pol ticas econ micas de los ltimos tiempos en varios pa ses.
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  7. After Postmodernity.Peter Baofu - 1998 - Nova Science Publishers.
     
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  8. Rationalität Und Emotionalität.Heinrich Ganthaler, Otto Neumaier & Gerhard Zecha (eds.) - 2009 - Lit.
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  9.  88
    Ethical, Legal and Social Aspects of Brain-Implants Using Nano-Scale Materials and Techniques.Francois Berger, Sjef Gevers, Ludwig Siep & Klaus-Michael Weltring - 2008 - NanoEthics 2 (3):241-249.
    Nanotechnology is an important platform technology which will add new features like improved biocompatibility, smaller size, and more sophisticated electronics to neuro-implants improving their therapeutic potential. Especially in view of possible advantages for patients, research and development of nanotechnologically improved neuro implants is a moral obligation. However, the development of brain implants by itself touches many ethical, social and legal issues, which also apply in a specific way to devices enabled or improved by nanotechnology. For researchers developing nanotechnology such (...)
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  10.  3
    Social aspects of the application of the Heberprot-P in the Angiology service at Manuel Ascunce Domenech Hospital.Irma Niurka Falcón Fariñas, Aylín Nordelo Valdivia, Odalys Escalante Padrón & Ana C. Campal Espinosa - 2016 - Humanidades Médicas 16 (1):98-114.
    En la actualidad Cuba desarrolla un Programa de Atención Integral al Paciente con Úlcera de Pie Diabético mediante el uso del Heberprot-P, esencial para disminuir la amputación y la discapacidad. El trabajo tiene el objetivo de realizar un diagnóstico sobre la aplicación del Heberprot-P en el Servicio de Angiología del Hospital Provincial Universitario Manuel Ascunce Domenech de Camagüey. Se realizaron encuestas a pacientes para identificar necesidades sentidas relacionadas con el tratamiento y para las actitudes manifiestas, y se hicieron entrevistas al (...)
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  11.  6
    The Objective and the Social Aspects of Beauty: Comments on the Aesthetics of Chu Kuang-Ch'ien and Ts'ai I.Li Che-Hou - 1974 - Contemporary Chinese Thought 6 (2):54-68.
    After reading the essays of Mr. Ts'ai and Mr. Chu, I have a few immature opinions. Generally speaking, I feel that in dealing with the errors of their opponents, both Ts'ai I in his criticism of Huang Yüeh-mien and Chu Kuang-ch'ien in his criticism of Ts'ai I are quite accurate and convincing. However, in presenting their own arguments of what is right, both of them are on shaky ground and in error. That is because in one way or another, consciously (...)
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  12.  8
    Falsificationism is Not Just ‘Potential’ Falsifiability, but Requires ‘Actual’ Falsification: Social Psychology, Critical Rationalism, and Progress in Science.Peter Holtz & Peter Monnerjahn - 2017 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 47 (3):348-362.
    Based on an analysis of ten popular introductions to social psychology, we will show that Karl Popper's philosophy of ‘critical rationalism’ so far has had little to no traceable influence on the epistemology and practice of social psychology. If Popper is quoted or mentioned in the textbooks at all, the guiding principle of ‘falsificationism’ is reduced to a mere ‘falsifiability’ and some central elements of critical rationalism are left out – those that are incompatible with positivism (...)
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  13.  2
    Falsificationism is Not Just ‘Potential’ Falsifiability, but Requires ‘Actual’ Falsification: Social Psychology, Critical Rationalism, and Progress in Science.Peter Holtz & Peter Monnerjahn - 2017 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 47 (3):348-362.
    Based on an analysis of ten popular introductions to social psychology, we will show that Karl Popper's philosophy of ‘critical rationalism’ so far has had little to no traceable influence on the epistemology and practice of social psychology. If Popper is quoted or mentioned in the textbooks at all, the guiding principle of ‘falsificationism’ is reduced to a mere ‘falsifiability’ and some central elements of critical rationalism are left out – those that are incompatible with positivism (...)
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  14. The Power of Shame: A Rational Perspective.Agnes Heller - 1985 - Routledge and Kegan Paul.
    The Power of Shame Introduction The problem of shame, in marked contrast with the problem of conscience, has seldom been thematized in modern moral ...
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  15.  15
    When Worlds Collide: Engineering Students Encounter Social Aspects of Production. [REVIEW]Sarah Kuhn - 1998 - Science and Engineering Ethics 4 (4):457-472.
    To design effective and socially sensitive systems, engineers must be able to integrate a technology-based approach to engineering problems with concerns for social impact and the context of use. The conventional approach to engineering education is largely technology-based, and even when additional courses with a social orientation are added, engineering graduates are often not well prepared to design user- and context-sensitive systems. Using data from interviews with three engineering students who had significant exposure to a socially-oriented perspective on (...)
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  16.  8
    Toward a New Paradigm in Social Philosophy.Irina Predborska - 2001 - Social Philosophy Today 17:265-273.
    The new social reality of the end of twentieth century has created the need to reexamine our social theories. This paper is devoted to the methodological andtheoretical aspects of a new paradigm for social philosophy. The author formulates the main features of the paradigm: restricted rationalism, pluralism, variability, multi-dimensionality, stochasticity, the human dimension of social processes, alternativity, non-predictability, catastrophicity, and self-organization. The author then uses the methodological tools of this paradigm to reconstruct and examine (...)
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  17.  19
    Ethical and Social Aspects on Rare Diseases.Dušanka Krajnović - 2012 - Filozofija I Društvo 23 (4):32-48.
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  18.  10
    Who is Down on the Farm? Social Aspects of Australian Agriculture in the 21st Century.Margaret Alston - 2004 - Agriculture and Human Values 21 (1):37-46.
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  19. Social Aspects of Location-Monitoring Systems: The Case of Guide Me and of My-SOS.P. Joore - 2008 - Social Science Information 47 (3):253-274.
  20.  2
    The Social Aspects of Aristotle’s Theory of Action.Dorothea Frede - 2016 - Philosophical Topics 44 (1):39-57.
    Some contemporary philosophers of action have contended that the intentions, decisions, and actions of collective social agency are reducible to those of the individuals involved. This contention is based on two assumptions: that collective agency would require super-minds, and that actions presuppose causes that move our bodies. The problem of how to account for collective action had not been regarded as a problem in the history of philosophy earlier.The explanation of why ancient Greek philosophers did not see joint agency (...)
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  21.  10
    Moral “Lock-In” in Responsible Innovation: The Ethical and Social Aspects of Killing Day-Old Chicks and Its Alternatives.M. R. N. Bruijnis, V. Blok, E. N. Stassen & H. G. J. Gremmen - 2015 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 28 (5):939-960.
    The aim of this paper is to provide a conceptual framework that will help in understanding and evaluating, along social and ethical lines, the issue of killing day-old male chicks and two alternative directions of responsible innovations to solve this issue. The following research questions are addressed: Why is the killing of day-old chicks morally problematic? Are the proposed alternatives morally sound? To what extent do the alternatives lead to responsible innovation? The conceptual framework demonstrates clearly that there is (...)
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  22.  5
    Moral “Lock-In” in Responsible Innovation: The Ethical and Social Aspects of Killing Day-Old Chicks and Its Alternatives.Payam Moula & Per Sandin - 2015 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 28 (5):939-960.
    The aim of this paper is to provide a conceptual framework that will help in understanding and evaluating, along social and ethical lines, the issue of killing day-old male chicks and two alternative directions of responsible innovations to solve this issue. The following research questions are addressed: Why is the killing of day-old chicks morally problematic? Are the proposed alternatives morally sound? To what extent do the alternatives lead to responsible innovation? The conceptual framework demonstrates clearly that there is (...)
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  23.  11
    Do Only Computers Scale? On the Cognitive and Social Aspects of Scalability.Giuseppe Lugano - 2010 - Encyclopaideia 14 (28):89-110.
    La scalabilità è una proprietà desiderabile di sistemi informatici associata a metriche di performance. Più precisamente, un sistema è definito scalabile quando riesce a gestire, senza calo di prestazioni, un numero crescente di elementi, processi, quantità di lavoro e/o quando può essere espanso a piacimento. Progettare un sistema scalabile garantisce un’ottimizzazione dei costi e delle prestazioni, e della produttività di un’azienda. Questi scopi sono stati perseguiti, dagli anni Ottanta, attraverso numerosi studi sulla scalabilità, che sono stati sviluppati in un ambito (...)
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  24.  15
    From social aspects of economic development to dependency theory: Latin America own thinking beginning.Juan Jesús Morales - 2012 - Cinta de Moebio 45 (45):235-252.
    In the epistemological context of theory transferand scientific exchanges, the aim of this paper is to indicate the presence of Weberian categories and ideas on dependency theory formulated by Fernando Cardosoand Enzo Faletto. Here we see how the construction of this paradigm was based on some issues, concepts, approaches and orientations of the Weberian research program formulated by José Medina Echavarría to explain Latin American development. We will also consider the contexts of enunciation and reception theories, allowing us to talk (...)
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  25. Social Aspects of Agrarian Structure in Mexico.Rodolfo Stavenhagen - forthcoming - Social Research.
     
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  26. Methodologies for Social Aspects of Environmental Research.K. J. Walker - 1987 - Social Science Information 26 (4):759-782.
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  27. Reflections on the International Networking Conference “Ethical and Social Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights – Agrifood and Health” Brussels, September 2011.Michiel Korthals & Cristian Timmermann - 2012 - Synesis 3 (1):G66-73.
    Public goods, as well as commercial commodities, are affected by exclusive arrangements secured by intellectual property (IP) rights. These rights serve as an incentive to invest human and material capital in research and development. Particularly in the life sciences, IP rights regulate objects such as food and medicines that are key to securing human rights, especially the right to adequate food and the right to health. Consequently, IP serves private (economic) and public interests. Part of this charge claims that the (...)
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  28.  29
    Critical Rationalism: The Problem of Method in Social Sciences and Law.Hans Albert - 1988 - Ratio Juris 1 (1):1-19.
    The author characterizes the model of rationality devised by critical rationalism in opposition to the classic model of rationality and as an alternative to this. He illustrates and criticizes the trichotomous theory of knowledge which, going back to Max Scheler, is received in a secularized version by Habermas and Apel, also under the influence of the hermeneutic tradition of Heidegger and Gadamer and of the so-called “critical theory” of Max Horkheimer and Theodor Adorno. The author criticizes historicism as it (...)
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  29.  16
    Social and Ethical Aspects of Biology Part of Theoretical Biology?H. Verhoog - 1975 - Acta Biotheoretica 24 (1-2):22-34.
    Recent interest in the social and ethical aspects of biology raises the question of the disciplinary status of the study of these aspects of biology . In the traditional interpretations of theoretical biology the social and ethical aspects are usually not explicitly mentioned. In this article arguments are given for inclusion of the study of these aspects of biology within a broadened conception of theoretical biology.
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  30. Technology, Philosophical and Social Aspects.Joseph Agassi - 1985
     
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  31.  2
    CHAPTER 7: Falsity and Rational Inquiry—a Solution to the Gettier Problem and a Perspective on Social Aspects of Knowing.Robert K. Shope - 2017 - In The Analysis of Knowing: A Decade of Research. Princeton University Press. pp. 201-238.
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  32.  27
    Reductionism in Medicine: Social Aspects of Health.Elisabeth A. Lloyd - 2002 - In Marc Van Regenmortel & David Hull (eds.), Promises and Limits of Reductionism in the Biomedical Sciences. J. Wiley and Sons. pp. 67-82.
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  33.  5
    Cultural and Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS Sex Education in Secondary Schools in Nigeria.Daniel C. Oshi, Sarah Nakalema & Luke L. Oshi - 2005 - Journal of Biosocial Science 37 (2):175-183.
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  34. Technology, Philosophical and Social Aspects.Joseph Agassi - 1987 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 18 (1):322-331.
     
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  35. From Philosophy to Philology: Intellectual and Social Aspects of Change in Late Imperial China (Cambridge, MA: Council on East Asian Studies, Harvard University, 1984), 236–41. [REVIEW]Benjamin A. Elman - 1993 - Journal of the History of Ideas 54 (4):561-583.
     
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  36. The Objective and the Social Aspects of Beauty-Comments on the Aesthetics of Chu, Kuang-Chien and Tsai, I.Ch Li - 1975 - Chinese Studies in Philosophy 6 (2):54-68.
     
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  37.  26
    Psychological and Social Aspects of Pyrrhonian Scepticism.Arne Naess - 1966 - Inquiry : An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 9 (1-4):301 – 321.
    A brief account is given of Pyrrhonian scepticism, as portrayed by Sextus Empiricus. This scepticism differs significantly from the views commonly attributed to 'the sceptic' which take scepticism to be a view or philosophical position to the effect that there can be no knowledge. The Pyrrhonist makes no philosophical assertions, because he does not find the arguments in favor of any position to be decisively stronger than the arguments against. Objections to scepticism, for instance that the sceptic cannot consistently show (...)
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  38.  15
    Social Aspects of Scientific Method in Industrial Production.Sebastian B. Littauer - 1954 - Philosophy of Science 21 (2):93-100.
  39. From Philosophy to Philology: Intellectual and Social Aspects of Change in Late Imperial China.Stephen W. Durrant & Benjamin A. Elman - 1987 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 107 (2):346.
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  40.  10
    Rationality: Philosophical and Social Aspects[REVIEW]Joseph Agassi - 1992 - Minerva 30 (3):366-390.
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  41. Social Aspects of Communal Dwellings in Southeast Asia.Zgusta Richard - forthcoming - Sophia.
     
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  42.  13
    Review. Fairs and Markets in the Roman Empire. Economic and Social Aspects of Periodic Trade in Pre-Industrial Society. L De Ligt. [REVIEW]H. Parkins - 1997 - The Classical Review 47 (1):136-137.
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  43.  13
    AIDS a Moral Issue -- Ethical, Legal and Social Aspects.B. G. Gazzard - 1992 - Journal of Medical Ethics 18 (1):51-52.
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  44.  6
    Why "the Social Aspects of Science and Technology" is Not Just an Optional Extra.Donald MacKenzie - 1986 - Acm Sigcas Computers and Society 15 (4):2-6.
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  45.  13
    Britt Bailey and Marc Lappé (Eds.), Engineering the Farm: Ethical and Social Aspects of Agricultural Biotechnology. [REVIEW]Hugh Lehman - 2003 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 16 (5):513-516.
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  46.  3
    Race: Nation: Person: Social Aspects of the Race Problem. [REVIEW]Miriam Theresa Rooney - 1944 - New Scholasticism 18 (4):392-395.
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  47.  3
    Social Aspects of Crime in England Between the Wars.W. Norwood East - 1942 - The Eugenics Review 34 (1):29.
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  48.  4
    Social Aspects of Science.On Sociological Biographies - 2008 - Annals of Science 65 (3):453-455.
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  49.  4
    Social Aspects of Sham Surgeries.Hilary S. Leeds - 2003 - American Journal of Bioethics 3 (4):70-71.
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  50.  4
    Adamson, Joni, Evans, Mei Mei and Stein, Rachel (Eds)(2002) The Environmental Justice Reader: The Politics and Poetics of Pedagogy, Tucson, AZ: University of Arizona Press. Bailey, Britt and Lappe, Marc (Eds)(2002) Engineering the Farm: Ethical and Social Aspects of Agricultural Biotechnology, Washington, DC: Island Press. [REVIEW]Former Welfare Mother - 2003 - Ethics, Place and Environment 6 (1):93.
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