Results for 'Ray Hilborn'

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  1.  24
    On Inference in Ecology and Evolutionary Biology: The Problem of Multiple Causes.Ray Hilborn & Stephen C. Stearns - 1982 - Acta Biotheoretica 31 (3):145-164.
    If one investigates a process that has several causes but assumes that it has only one cause, one risks ruling out important causal factors. Three mechanisms account for this mistake: either the significance of the single cause under test is masked by noise contributed by the unsuspected and uncontrolled factors, or the process appears only when two or more causes interact, or the process appears when there are present any of a number of sufficient causes which are not mutally exclusive. (...)
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  2.  2
    Satyajit Ray on Cinema.Satyajit Ray & Shyam Benegal - 2013 - Columbia University Press.
    Spanning forty years of Ray's career, these essays, for the first time collected in one volume, present the filmmaker's reflections on the art and craft of the cinematic medium and include his thoughts on sentimentalism, mass culture, ...
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  3.  12
    CyberRat, Interbehavioral Systems Analysis, and a “Turing Test” Trilogy.Roger D. Ray - 2011 - Behavior and Philosophy 39 (40):203-301.
    This monograph introduces the functional characteristics and conceptual significance of a simulation software system called CyberRat (Ray, 1996a, 2003a, 2012a, 2012b). CyberRat expands upon prior illustrations (Ray & Delprato, 1989; Ray, 1992) of how such computer-based simulations can serve to formatively enhance, and eventually validate, the descriptive research methodology upon which their development relies. To illustrate this process I also review highlights of previous publications (cf. Ray & Brown, 1975, 1976; Ray & Delprato, 1989), detailing the unique research methodology used (...)
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  4.  23
    Time, Space, and Philosophy.Christopher Ray - 1991 - Routledge.
    Ray examines the central questions that arise from the ideas of Einstein, Leibniz and Newton.
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  5. Time, Space and Philosophy.Christopher Ray - 2014 - Routledge.
    This book provides a comprehensive, up-to-date and accessible introduction to the philosophy of space and time. Ray considers in detail the central questions of space and time which arizse from the ideas of Zeno, Newton, Mach, Leibniz and Einstein. _Time, Space and Philosophy_ extends the debate in many areas:absolute simultaneity is examined as well as black holes, the big bang and even time travel. _Time, Space and Philosophy_ will be invaluable to the student of philosophy and science and will be (...)
     
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  6. Time, Space and Philosophy.Christopher Ray - 2002 - Routledge.
    This book provides a comprehensive, up-to-date and accessible introduction to the philosophy of space and time. Ray considers in detail the central questions of space and time which arizse from the ideas of Zeno, Newton, Mach, Leibniz and Einstein. _Time, Space and Philosophy_ extends the debate in many areas:absolute simultaneity is examined as well as black holes, the big bang and even time travel. _Time, Space and Philosophy_ will be invaluable to the student of philosophy and science and will be (...)
     
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  7. Reviews : Joan Busfield, Managing Madness: Changing Ideas and Practice London: Hutchinson, 1986; Hardback £25; 406 Pp. [REVIEW]Larry Ray - 1988 - History of the Human Sciences 1 (1):126-129.
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  8. Logical Consequence: A Defense of Tarski.Greg Ray - 1996 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 25 (6):617 - 677.
    In his classic 1936 essay "On the Concept of Logical Consequence", Alfred Tarski used the notion of satisfaction to give a semantic characterization of the logical properties. Tarski is generally credited with introducing the model-theoretic characterization of the logical properties familiar to us today. However, in his book, The Concept of Logical Consequence, Etchemendy argues that Tarski's account is inadequate for quite a number of reasons, and is actually incompatible with the standard model-theoretic account. Many of his criticisms are meant (...)
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  9. Abductive Reasoning in Neural-Symbolic Systems.Artur S. D’Avila Garcez, Dov M. Gabbay, Oliver Ray & John Woods - 2007 - Topoi 26 (1):37-49.
    Abduction is or subsumes a process of inference. It entertains possible hypotheses and it chooses hypotheses for further scrutiny. There is a large literature on various aspects of non-symbolic, subconscious abduction. There is also a very active research community working on the symbolic (logical) characterisation of abduction, which typically treats it as a form of hypothetico-deductive reasoning. In this paper we start to bridge the gap between the symbolic and sub-symbolic approaches to abduction. We are interested in benefiting from developments (...)
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  10. Vagueness And The Sorites Paradox.Kirk Ludwig & Greg Ray - 2002 - Noûs 36 (s16):419-461.
    A sorites argument is a symptom of the vagueness of the predicate with which it is constructed. A vague predicate admits of at least one dimension of variation (and typically more than one) in its intended range along which we are at a loss when to say the predicate ceases to apply, though we start out confident that it does. It is this feature of them that the sorites arguments exploit. Exactly how is part of the subject of this paper. (...)
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  11. Semantics for Opaque Contexts.Kirk Ludwig & Greg Ray - 1998 - Philosophical Perspectives 12 (S12):141-66.
    In this paper, we outline an approach to giving extensional truth-theoretic semantics for what have traditionally been seen as opaque sentential contexts. We outline an approach to providing a compositional truth-theoretic semantics for opaque contexts which does not require quantifying over intensional entities of any kind, and meets standard objections to such accounts. The account we present aims to meet the following desiderata on a semantic theory T for opaque contexts: (D1) T can be formulated in a first-order extensional language; (...)
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  12. Book Review: Life Abundant: Rethinking Theology and Economy for A Planet in Peril. [REVIEW]Darby Kathleen Ray - forthcoming - Interpretation 55 (3):332-333.
  13.  36
    Gamma Coherence and Conscious Perception.Kimford J. Meador, P. G. Ray, J. R. Echauz, D. W. Loring & G. J. Vachtsevanos - 2002 - Neurology 59 (6):847-854.
  14. Thinking in L.Greg Ray - 1995 - Noûs 29 (3):378-396.
    Stephen Schiffer has argued that natural languages do not have compositional semantics. But it has been widely held that compositional semantics is required in order to explain how it is possible that we have the linguistic capacities that we do. In particular, our use of natural languages is productive in the sense that there are indefinitely many sentences that we have never heard or considered before, but which we are nonetheless capable of understanding. How is this possible? Compositionality evidently supplies (...)
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  15.  26
    The Cosmological Constant: Einstein's Greatest Mistake?Christopher Ray - 1990 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 21 (4):589-604.
  16.  46
    Paradoxical Tasks.Christopher Ray - 1990 - Analysis 50 (2):71 - 74.
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  17.  28
    Tarski and the Metalinguistic Liar.Greg Ray - 2003 - Philosophical Studies 115 (1):55 - 80.
    I offer an interpretation of a familiar, but poorly understood portion of Tarskis work on truth – bringing to light a number of unnoticed aspects of Tarskis work. A serious misreading of this part of Tarski to be found in Scott Soames Understanding Truth is treated in detail. Soamesreading vies with the textual evidence, and would make Tarskis position inconsistent in an unsubtle way. I show that Soames does not finally have a coherent interpretation of Tarski. This is unfortunate, since (...)
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  18.  5
    Anticipatory Attention During the Sleep Onset Period.Kiwamu Yasuda, Laura B. Ray & Kimberly A. Cote - 2011 - Consciousness and Cognition 20 (3):912-919.
    To examine whether anticipatory attention or expectancy is a cognitive process that is automatic or requires conscious control, we employed a paired-stimulus event-related potential paradigm during the transition to sleep. The slow negative ERP wave observed between two successive stimuli, the Contingent Negative Variation , reflects attention and expectancy to the second stimulus. Thirteen good sleepers were instructed to respond to the second stimulus in a pair during waking sessions. In a non-response paradigm modified for sleep, participants then fell asleep (...)
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  19.  34
    Gilles Deleuze.Matthew Ray - 2000 - The Philosophers' Magazine 12 (12):61-61.
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  20.  54
    Effect of Ethnicity, Gender and Drug Use History on Achieving High Rates of Affirmative Informed Consent for Genetics Research: Impact of Sharing with a National Repository.Brenda Ray, Colin Jackson, Elizabeth Ducat, Ann Ho, Sara Hamon & Mary Jeanne Kreek - 2011 - Journal of Medical Ethics 37 (6):374-379.
    Aim Genetic research representative of the population is crucial to understanding the underlying causes of many diseases. In a prospective evaluation of informed consent we assessed the willingness of individuals of different ethnicities, gender and drug dependence history to participate in genetic studies in which their genetic sample could be shared with a repository at the National Institutes of Health. Methods Potential subjects were recruited from the general population through the use of flyers and referrals from previous participants and clinicians (...)
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  21.  52
    The Relation of Constraints on Particle Statistics for Different Species of Particles.O. W. Greenberg & Robert C. Hilborn - 1999 - Foundations of Physics 29 (3):397-407.
    Quons are particles characterized by the parameter q, which permits smooth interpolation between Bose and Fermi statistics; q = 1 gives bosons, q = -1 gives fermions. In this paper we give a heuristic argument for an extension of conservation of statistics to quons with trilinear couplings of the form ffb, where f is fermion-like and b is boson-like. We show that q f 2 = qb. In particular, we relate the bound on qγ for photons to the bound on (...)
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  22.  16
    Kripke & the Existential Complaint.Greg Ray - 1994 - Philosophical Studies 74 (2):121 - 135.
    Famously, Saul Kripke proposes that there are contingent a priori truths, and has offered a number of examples to illustrate his claim. The most well-known example involves the standard meter bar in Paris. Purportedly, a certain agent knows a priori that the bar is one meter long. However, in response to a long-standing objection to such examples - the "existential complaint" - generally only modified examples having a conditional form are now considered candidates for the contingent a priori. Gareth Evans (...)
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  23.  25
    Humanity, Personhood and Abortion.A. Chadwick Ray - 1985 - International Philosophical Quarterly 25 (3):233-245.
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  24.  21
    Foundations of the Theory of Evidence: Resolving Conflict Among Schemata.Bonnie K. Ray & David H. Krantz - 1996 - Theory and Decision 40 (3):215-234.
  25.  62
    Arthur Schopenhauer.Matthew Ray - 2005 - The Philosophers' Magazine 31 (31):80-81.
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  26.  32
    Alasdair MacIntyre.Matthew Ray - 2001 - The Philosophers' Magazine 16 (16):53-53.
  27.  43
    Ontology-Free Modal Semantics.Greg Ray - 1996 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 25 (4):333 - 361.
    The problem with model-theoretic modal semantics is that it provides only the formal beginnings of an account of the semantics of modal languages. In the case of non-modal language, we bridge the gap between semantics and mere model theory, by claiming that a sentence is true just in case it is true in an intended model. Truth in a model is given by the model theory, and an intended model is a model which has as domain the actual objects of (...)
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  28.  38
    Fodor and the Inscrutability Problem.Greg Ray - 1997 - Mind and Language 12 (3-4):475-89.
    In his 1993 Nicod Lectures (The Elm & the Expert), Jerry Fodor proposed a solution to a certain version of the problem of 'inscrutability of reference', which problem poses a challenge to a certain naturalistic, computational approach to cognition which Fodor has favored. The problem is that a purely informational account of an agent's mental contents cannot discriminate meanings finely enough. Fodor proposes a strategy of solution which appeals to the inferential dispositions of agents to discriminate contents more finely. After (...)
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  29.  57
    Rethinking Polanyi's Concept of Tacit Knowledge: From Personal Knowing to Imagined Institutions. [REVIEW]Tim Ray - 2009 - Minerva 47 (1):75-92.
    Half a century after Michael Polanyi conceptualised ‘the tacit component’ in personal knowing, management studies has reinvented ‘tacit knowledge’—albeit in ways that squander the advantages of Polanyi’s insights and ignore his faith in ‘spiritual reality’. While tacit knowing challenged the absurdities of sheer objectivity, expressed in a ‘perfect language’, it fused rational knowing, based on personal experience, with mystical speculation about an un-experienced ‘external reality’. Faith alone saved Polanyi’s model from solipsism. But Ernst von Glasersfeld’s radical constructivism provides scope to (...)
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  30.  22
    Against Earnestness: The Place of Performance in Feminist Theory.Sangeeta Ray - 2003 - Studies in Practical Philosophy 3 (1):68-79.
  31.  36
    Can We Travel Faster Than Light?Christopher Ray - 1982 - Analysis 42 (1):50 - 52.
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  32. Cultivating the Soul : The Ethics of Gardening in Ancient Greece and Rome.Meghan T. Ray - 2010 - In Dan O'Brien (ed.), Gardening - Philosophy for Everyone: Cultivating Wisdom. Wiley-Blackwell.
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  33.  47
    Williamson's Master Argument on Vagueness.Greg Ray - 2004 - Synthese 138 (2):175-206.
    According to Timothy Williamson 's epistemic view, vague predicates have precise extensions, we just don't know where their boundaries lie. It is a central challenge to his view to explain why we would be so ignorant, if precise borderlines were really there. He offers a novel argument to show that our insuperable ignorance ``is just what independently justified epistemic principles would lead one to expect''. This paper carefully formulates and critically examines Williamson 's argument. It is shown that the argument (...)
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  34.  21
    The 37th Annual Meeting of the Society for Exact Philosophy.Marc Moffett & Greg Ray - 2011 - Synthese 181 (2):181 - 184.
  35.  45
    Identical Particles in Quantum Mechanics Revisited.Robert C. Hilborn & Candice L. Yuca - 2002 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 53 (3):355-389.
    The treatment of identical particles in quantum mechanics rests on two (related) principles: the spin-statistics connection and the Symmetrization Postulate. In light of recent theories (such as q-deformed commutators) that allow for ‘small’ violations of the spin-statistics connection and the Symmetrization Postulate, we revisit the issue of how quantum mechanics deals with identical particles and how it supports or fails to support various philosophical stances concerning individuality. As a consequence of the expanded possibilities for quantum statistics, we argue that permutation (...)
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  36.  46
    An Inductive Argument for Other Minds.Peter Ray - 1976 - Philosophical Studies 29 (February):129-139.
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  37.  23
    Critical Theory and Positivism: Popper and the Frankfurt School.L. J. Ray - 1979 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 9 (2):149-173.
  38.  6
    Transparent and Opaque Reference.Robert Ray - 1980 - Philosophical Studies 38 (4):435 - 445.
  39. Selecting Naturally for Differentiation: Preliminary Evolutionary Results.Thomas S. Ray - 1998 - Complexity 3 (5):25-33.
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  40.  7
    Review. [REVIEW]Carl Hoefer & Christopher Ray - 1992 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 43 (4):573-580.
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  41.  13
    Interpreting Russell's Gray's Elegy Argument.Nicholas Ray - 2012 - Dialogue 51 (4):667-682.
    is central to the analytic tradition, yet one of its key arguments (the Grays new semantic theory.
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  42.  1
    From Embryonal Carcinoma Cells to Neurons: The P19 Pathway.Gerard Bain, William J. Ray, Min Yao & David I. Gottlieb - 1994 - Bioessays 16 (5):343-348.
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  43.  16
    Note on Vergil, Georgic II. 501–502.W. Ray - 1896 - The Classical Review 10 (07):330-.
  44.  32
    Introduction.Greg Ray - 1999 - Topoi 18 (2):87-92.
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  45.  21
    Introducing Philosophy.R. J. Ray - 1997 - Teaching Philosophy 20 (3):336-339.
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  46.  29
    Probabilistic Causality Reexamined.Greg Ray - 1992 - Erkenntnis 36 (2):219 - 244.
    According to Nancy Cartwright, a causal law holds just when a certain probabilistic condition obtains in all test situations which in turn satisfy a set of background conditions. These background conditions are shown to be inconsistent and, on separate account, logically incoherent. I offer a corrective reformulation which also incorporates a strategy for problems like Hesslow's thrombosis case. I also show that Cartwright's recent argument for modifying the condition to appeal to singular causes fails.Proposed modifications of the theory's probabilistic condition (...)
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  47.  15
    Adorno, Brecht and Debord: Three Models for Resisting the Capitalist Art System.Gene Ray - 2013 - Nordic Journal of Aesthetics 23 (44-45).
    The article presents three models of radical cultural practice: Adorno’s dissonant modernism, Brecht’s “functional transformation” or “re-functioning” of institutions through estrangement and dialectical realism, and Debord’s Situationist détournement of art, aiming to rupture and decolonize naturalized everyday life. The three models all begin with a critical appropriation of the traditions of art and aims at resisting the social power that passes through art, as an institutionalized field of production and activity. Each of the three modes establishes a set of productive (...)
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  48.  8
    Are Truth Values Objects?Robert Ray - 1979 - Philosophical Studies 35 (2):199 - 211.
    Both Dummett and Tugendhat seem to conclude that Frege's thesis that truth values are objects which are signified by certain sentences is an assumption which was unjustified even for Frege. In this paper I wish to show that Frege's thesis was one of several assumptions which led Frege to a complex semantic theory for the first order predicate calculus which is surpassed only by Tarski's truth and satisfaction definitions. As such, this thesis receives its justification by being an essential part (...)
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  49.  22
    Nietzsche and the Fate of Art.Matthew Ray - 2003 - British Journal of Aesthetics 43 (4):427-428.
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  50.  18
    On the Possibility of a Privileged Class of Logical Terms.Greg Ray - 1996 - Philosophical Studies 81 (2-3):303 - 313.
    Alfred Tarski's (1936) semantic account of the logical properties (logical consequence, logical truth and logical consistency) makes essential appeal to a distinction between logical and non-logical terms. John Etchemendy (1990) has recently argued that Tarski's account is inadequate for quite a number of different reasons. Among them is a brief argument which purports to show that Tarski's reliance on the distinction between logical and non-logical terms is in principle mistaken. According to Etchemendy, there are very simple (even first order) languages (...)
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