Results for 'Ray J. Dolan'

1000+ found
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  1.  14
    Crossed Fingers and Praying Hands: Remarks on Religious Belief and Superstition: R. J. RAY.R. J. Ray - 1990 - Religious Studies 26 (4):471-482.
    Picture the following scene. A minister takes communion to one of her elderly home-bound members. When she arrives she is met by her parishioner and two visiting friends. She invites both visitors to partake of communion with her and the parishioner. One woman happily agrees to do so. The other woman declines by giving a mini-sermon explaining that because she feels unworthy to partake of the Lord's Supper she would be guilty of sin if she did so. Furthermore, if she (...)
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  2. The Human Amygdala and Orbital Prefrontal Cortex in Behavioural Regulation.Ray J. Dolan - 2008 - In Jon Driver, Patrick Haggard & Tim Shallice (eds.), Mental Processes in the Human Brain. Oxford University Press.
     
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  3.  43
    Religion and Morality – by William J. Wainwright.Rickey J. Ray - 2008 - Philosophical Investigations 31 (1):96–100.
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  4.  7
    Neil J. Mitchell,Agents of Atrocity: Leaders, Followers, and the Violation of Human Rights in Civil War.Chris J. Dolan - 2005 - Politics and Ethics Review 1 (1):106-108.
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  5.  10
    Robert J. Mayhew. Malthus: The Life and Legacies of an Untimely Prophet. 284 Pp., Bibl., Index. Cambridge, Mass.: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 2014. $29.95. [REVIEW]Brian Dolan - 2016 - Isis 107 (1):189-191.
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  6. Libertarians and the Authoritarian Personality.J. Ray - 1980 - Journal of Libertarian Studies 4 (1):39-43.
  7.  14
    A Dynamical Model of General Intelligence: The Positive Manifold of Intelligence by Mutualism.Han L. J. Van Der Maas, Conor V. Dolan, Raoul P. P. P. Grasman, Jelte M. Wicherts, Hilde M. Huizenga & Maartje E. J. Raijmakers - 2006 - Psychological Review 113 (4):842-861.
  8.  8
    Inferences About Moral Character Moderate the Impact of Consequences on Blame and Praise.Jenifer Z. Siegel, Molly J. Crockett & Raymond J. Dolan - 2017 - Cognition 167:201-211.
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  9. Parks, Public Spaces and Land Use.J. Ray - 2007 - Environmental Ethics 1:P16.
     
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  10.  12
    The Archive of Hor.H. S. Smith & J. D. Ray - 1978 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 98:196-197.
  11.  16
    Centuries of Darkness: A Challenge to the Conventional Chronology of Old World Archaeology. [REVIEW]J. D. Ray & P. James - 1992 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 112:213-214.
  12.  7
    A 'Multitester' and 'Portable Polygraph.'.J. J. Ray - 1937 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 20 (3):301.
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  13. Utopia: A New Translation, Backgrounds, Criticism. A Norton Critical Edition.Robert M. Adams, Thomas More, James J. Greene & John P. Dolan - 1992 - Utopian Studies 3 (2):102-120.
  14. La Philosophie de Leibniz.Bertrand Russell, J. Ray & Renée J. Ray - 1909 - Revue de Métaphysique et de Morale 17 (2):17-17.
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  15. Neural Systems Supporting Interoceptive Awareness.Hugo D. Critchley, Stefan Wiens, Pia Rotshtein, Arne Öhman & Raymond J. Dolan - 2004 - Nature Neuroscience 7 (2):189-195.
  16.  12
    Model-Based Influences on Humans' Choices and Striatal Prediction Errors.Nathaniel D. Daw, Samuel J. Gershman, Ben Seymour, Peter Dayan & Raymond J. Dolan - 2011 - Neuron 69 (6):1204-1215.
    The mesostriatal dopamine system is prominently implicated in model-free reinforcement learning, with fMRI BOLD signals in ventral striatum notably covarying with model-free prediction errors. However, latent learning and devaluation studies show that behavior also shows hallmarks of model-based planning, and the interaction between model-based and model-free values, prediction errors, and preferences is underexplored. We designed a multistep decision task in which model-based and model-free influences on human choice behavior could be distinguished. By showing that choices reflected both influences we could (...)
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  17. Computational Psychiatry.P. Read Montague, Raymond J. Dolan, Karl J. Friston & Peter Dayan - 2012 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 16 (1):72-80.
  18.  11
    The Anatomy of Choice: Active Inference and Agency.Karl Friston, Philipp Schwartenbeck, Thomas FitzGerald, Michael Moutoussis, Timothy Behrens & Raymond J. Dolan - 2013 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.
  19. Conscious and Unconscious Emotional Learning in the Human Amygdala.J. S. Morris, A. Ohman & Raymond J. Dolan - 1998 - Nature 393:467-470.
  20.  30
    Other Minds in the Brain: A Functional Imaging Study of "Theory of Mind" in Story Comprehension.P. C. Fletcher, F. Happé, U. Frith, S. C. Baker, R. J. Dolan, R. S. Frackowiak & C. D. Frith - 1995 - Cognition 57 (2):109-128.
  21.  41
    Explaining Modulation of Reasoning by Belief.Vinod Goel & Raymond J. Dolan - 2003 - Cognition 87 (1):B11-B22.
    Although deductive reasoning is a closed system, one's beliefs about the world can influence validity judgements. To understand the associated functional neuroanatomy of this belief-bias we studied 14 volunteers using event-related fMRI, as they performed reasoning tasks under neutral, facilitatory and inhibitory belief conditions. We found evidence for the engagement of a left temporal lobe system during belief-based reasoning and a bilateral parietal lobe system during belief-neutral reasoning. Activation of right lateral prefrontal cortex was evident when subjects inhibited a prepotent (...)
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  22.  25
    Bayesian Inferences About the Self : A Review.Michael Moutoussis, Pasco Fearon, Wael El-Deredy, Raymond J. Dolan & Karl J. Friston - 2014 - Consciousness and Cognition 25:67-76.
    Viewing the brain as an organ of approximate Bayesian inference can help us understand how it represents the self. We suggest that inferred representations of the self have a normative function: to predict and optimise the likely outcomes of social interactions. Technically, we cast this predict-and-optimise as maximising the chance of favourable outcomes through active inference. Here the utility of outcomes can be conceptualised as prior beliefs about final states. Actions based on interpersonal representations can therefore be understood as minimising (...)
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  23.  27
    Mood as Representation of Momentum.Eran Eldar, Robb B. Rutledge, Raymond J. Dolan & Yael Niv - 2016 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 20 (1):15-24.
  24.  10
    Exploration, Novelty, Surprise, and Free Energy Minimization.Philipp Schwartenbeck, Thomas FitzGerald, Raymond J. Dolan & Karl Friston - 2013 - Frontiers in Psychology 4.
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  25.  9
    Dissociation of Mechanisms Underlying Syllogistic Reasoning.Vinod Goel, Christian Buchel, Chris Frith & Raymond J. Dolan - 2000 - NeuroImage 12 (5):504-514.
    A key question for cognitive theories of reasoning is whether logical reasoning is inherently a sentential linguistic process or a process requiring spatial manipulation and search. We addressed this question in an event-related fMRI study of syllogistic reasoning, using sentences with and without semantic content. Our findings indicate involvement of two dissociable networks in deductive reasoning. During content-based reasoning a left hemisphere temporal system was recruited. By contrast, a formally identical reasoning task, which lacked semantic content, activated a parietal system. (...)
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  26.  71
    Brain, Emotion and Decision Making: The Paradigmatic Example of Regret.Giorgio Coricelli, Raymond J. Dolan & Angela Sirigu - 2007 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 11 (6):258-265.
  27.  28
    Neural Response to Emotional Faces with and Without Awareness; Event-Related fMRI in a Parietal Patient with Visual Extinction and Spatial Neglect.Patrik Vuilleumier, J. L. Armony, Karen Clarke, Masud Husain, Julia Driver & Raymond J. Dolan - 2002 - Neuropsychologia 40 (12):2156-2166.
  28.  22
    Action Versus Valence in Decision Making.Marc Guitart-Masip, Emrah Duzel, Ray Dolan & Peter Dayan - 2014 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 18 (4):194-202.
  29.  11
    Investigations of Dislocation Strain Fields Using Weak Beams.D. J. H. Cockayne, I. L. F. Ray & M. J. Whelan - 1969 - Philosophical Magazine 20 (168):1265-1270.
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  30.  23
    Subliminal Action Priming Modulates the Perceived Intensity of Sensory Action Consequences.Max-Philipp Stenner, Markus Bauer, Nura Sidarus, Hans-Jochen Heinze, Patrick Haggard & Raymond J. Dolan - 2014 - Cognition 130 (2):227-235.
  31.  35
    Effects of Loss Aversion on Post-Decision Wagering: Implications for Measures of Awareness.Stephen M. Fleming & Raymond J. Dolan - 2010 - Consciousness and Cognition 19 (1):352-363.
    Wagering contingent on a previous decision, or post-decision wagering, has recently been proposed to measure conscious awareness. Whilst intuitively appealing, it remains unclear whether economic context interacts with subjective confidence and how such interactions might impact on the measurement of awareness. Here we propose a signal detection model which predicts that advantageous wagers placed on the identity of preceding stimuli are affected by loss aversion, despite stimulus visibility remaining constant. This pattern of predicted results was evident in a psychophysical task (...)
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  32.  7
    Functional Neuroanatomy of Three-Term Relational Reasoning.Vinod Goel & Raymond J. Dolan - 2001 - Neuropsychologia 39 (9):901-909.
    In a recent study we demonstrated that reasoning with categorical syllogisms engages two dissociable mechanisms. Reasoning involving concrete sentences engaged a left hemisphere linguistic system while formally identical arguments, involving abstract sentences, recruited a parietal spatial network. The involvement of a parietal visuo–spatial system in abstract syllogism reasoning raised the question whether argument forms involving explicit spatial relations are sufficient to engage the parietal system? We addressed this question in an event-related fMRI study of three-term relational reasoning, using sentences with (...)
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  33.  2
    Reciprocal Neural Response Within Lateral and Ventral Medial Prefrontal Cortex During Hot and Cold Reasoning.Vinod Goel & Raymond J. Dolan - 2003 - NeuroImage 20 (4):2314-2321.
    Logic is widely considered the basis of rationality. Logical choices, however, are often influenced by emotional responses, sometimes to our detriment, sometimes to our advantage. To understand the neural basis of emotionally neutral and emotionally salient reasoning we studied 19 volunteers using event-related fMRI, as they made logical judgments about arguments that varied in emotional saliency. Despite identical logical form and content categories across “hot” and “cold” reasoning conditions, lateral and ventral medial prefrontal cortex showed reciprocal response patterns as a (...)
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  34.  51
    Gamma Coherence and Conscious Perception.Kimford J. Meador, P. G. Ray, J. R. Echauz, D. W. Loring & G. J. Vachtsevanos - 2002 - Neurology 59 (6):847-854.
  35.  24
    Informational and Normative Influences in Conformity From a Neurocomputational Perspective.Ulf Toelch & Raymond J. Dolan - 2015 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 19 (10):579-589.
  36.  16
    A Formal Model of Interpersonal Inference.Michael Moutoussis, Nelson J. Trujillo-Barreto, Wael El-Deredy, Raymond J. Dolan & Karl J. Friston - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  37.  15
    Losing the Rose Tinted Glasses: Neural Substrates of Unbiased Belief Updating in Depression.Neil Garrett, Tali Sharot, Paul Faulkner, Christoph W. Korn, Jonathan P. Roiser & Raymond J. Dolan - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  38.  15
    Why Sprint Interval Training is Inappropriate for a Largely Sedentary Population.Sarah J. Hardcastle, Hannah Ray, Louisa Beale & Martin S. Hagger - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  39.  10
    The Measurement of Stacking-Fault Energies of Pure Face-Centred Cubic Metals.D. J. H. Cockayne, M. L. Jenkins & I. L. F. Ray - 1971 - Philosophical Magazine 24 (192):1383-1392.
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  40.  43
    The History of SurrealismAn Introduction to Surrealism.Paul C. Ray, Maurice Nadeau, Richard Howard & J. H. Matthews - 1966 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 24 (3):446.
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  41.  69
    Abductive Reasoning in Neural-Symbolic Learning Systems.A. Garcez, D. M. Gabbay, O. Ray & J. Woods - unknown
    Abduction is or subsumes a process of inference. It entertains possible hypotheses and it chooses hypotheses for further scrutiny. There is a large literature on various aspects of non-symbolic, subconscious abduction. There is also a very active research community working on the symbolic characterisation of abduction, which typically treats it as a form of hypothetico-deductive reasoning. In this paper we start to bridge the gap between the symbolic and sub-symbolic approaches to abduction. We are interested in benefiting from developments made (...)
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  42.  13
    The Computational Psychiatry of Reward: Broken Brains or Misguided Minds?M. Moutoussis, G. W. Story & R. J. Dolan - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  43.  17
    Keep Focussing: Striatal Dopamine Multiple Functions Resolved in a Single Mechanism Tested in a Simulated Humanoid Robot.Vincenzo G. Fiore, Valerio Sperati, Francesco Mannella, Marco Mirolli, Kevin Gurney, Karl Friston, Raymond J. Dolan & Gianluca Baldassarre - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
    The effects of striatal dopamine (DA) on behavior have been widely investigated over the past decades, with “phasic” burst firings considered as the key expression of a reward prediction error responsible for reinforcement learning. Less well studied is “tonic” DA, where putative functions include the idea that it is a regulator of vigor, incentive salience, disposition to exert an effort and a modulator of approach strategies. We present a model combining tonic and phasic DA to show how different outflows triggered (...)
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  44.  3
    The Observation of Dissociated Dislocations in Silicon.I. L. F. Ray & D. J. H. Cockayne - 1970 - Philosophical Magazine 22 (178):853-856.
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  45.  12
    Competition Strength Influences Individual Preferences in an Auction Game.Ulf Toelch, Esperanza Jubera-Garcia, Zeb Kurth-Nelson & Raymond J. Dolan - 2014 - Cognition 133 (2):480-487.
  46.  37
    Mood Disorder and Abnormal Cingulate Cortex.R. J. Dolan - 1997 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 1 (8):283-284.
  47.  3
    What Underlies Political Polarization? A Manifesto for Computational Political Psychology.Max Rollwage, Leor Zmigrod, Lee de-Wit, Raymond J. Dolan & Stephen M. Fleming - forthcoming - Trends in Cognitive Sciences.
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  48.  18
    Interpreting Sex Differences in Lateralization.William J. Ray & Nora Newcombe - 1980 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 3 (2):246-246.
  49.  28
    Optimistic Biases in Observational Learning of Value.A. Nicolle, M. Symmonds & R. J. Dolan - 2011 - Cognition 119 (3):394-402.
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  50. The Amygdala and Unconscious Fear Processing.John M. Morris & Ray Dolan - 2001 - In Beatrice De Gelder, Edward H. F. De Haan & Charles A. Heywood (eds.), Out of Mind: Varieties of Unconscious Processes. Oxford University Press. pp. 185-204.
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