Results for 'Ray Lambert'

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  1. Existence and Explanation Essays Presented in Honor of Karel Lambert.Karel Lambert, Wolfgang Spohn, Bas C. Van Fraassen & Brian Skyrms - 1991
     
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  2.  17
    Satyajit Ray on Cinema.Satyajit Ray & Shyam Benegal - 2013 - Columbia University Press.
    Spanning forty years of Ray's career, these essays, for the first time collected in one volume, present the filmmaker's reflections on the art and craft of the cinematic medium and include his thoughts on sentimentalism, mass culture, ...
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  3.  2
    Discours de M. Lambert.Johann Heinrich Lambert - 2018 - Les Cahiers Philosophiques de Strasbourg 44:149-157.
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  4. New Essays in Free Logic in Honour of Karel Lambert.Karel Lambert, Alexander Hieke & Edgar Morscher - 2001
  5. An Introduction to the Philosophy of Science [by] Karel Lambert [and] Gordon G. Brittan. --.Karel Lambert & Gordon G. Brittan - 1970 - Prentice-Hall.
  6.  5
    Fragmento III: acerca de los conceptos y las definiciones.J. H. Lambert & Luciana Martínez - 2019 - Agora 39 (1).
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  7.  48
    Free Logic: Selected Essays.Karel Lambert - 2002 - Cambridge University Press.
    Free logic is an important field of philosophical logic that first appeared in the 1950s. J. Karel Lambert was one of its founders and coined the term itself. The essays in this collection explore the philosophical foundations of free logic and its application to areas as diverse as the philosophy of religion and computer science. Amongst the applications on offer are those to the analysis of existence statements, to definite descriptions and to partial functions. The volume contains a proof (...)
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  8. In Search of a New Image of Thought: Gilles Deleuze and Philosophical Expressionism.Gregg Lambert - 2012 - Univ of Minnesota Press.
    Gregg Lambert demonstrates that since the publication of _Proust and Signs_ in 1964 Gilles Deleuze’s search for a new means of philosophical expression became a central theme of all of his oeuvre, including those written with psychoanalyst Félix Guattari. Lambert, like Deleuze, calls this “the image of thought.” Lambert’s exploration begins with Deleuze’s earliest exposition of the Proustian image of thought and then follows the “tangled history” of the image that runs through subsequent works, such as _Kafka: (...)
     
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  9. Philosophical Applications of Free Logic.Karel Lambert (ed.) - 1991 - Oxford University Press.
    Free logic, an alternative to traditional logic, has been seen as a useful avenue of approach to a number of philosophical issues of contemporary interest. In this collection, Karel Lambert, one of the pioneers in, and the most prominent exponent of, free logic, brings together a variety of published essays bearing on the application of free logic to philosophical topics ranging from set theory and logic to metaphysics and the philosophy of religion. The work of such distinguished philosophers as (...)
     
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  10.  31
    CyberRat, Interbehavioral Systems Analysis, and a “Turing Test” Trilogy.Roger D. Ray - 2011 - Behavior and Philosophy 39 (40):203-301.
    This monograph introduces the functional characteristics and conceptual significance of a simulation software system called CyberRat (Ray, 1996a, 2003a, 2012a, 2012b). CyberRat expands upon prior illustrations (Ray & Delprato, 1989; Ray, 1992) of how such computer-based simulations can serve to formatively enhance, and eventually validate, the descriptive research methodology upon which their development relies. To illustrate this process I also review highlights of previous publications (cf. Ray & Brown, 1975, 1976; Ray & Delprato, 1989), detailing the unique research methodology used (...)
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  11.  37
    Time, Space and Philosophy.Christopher Ray - 1991 - Routledge.
    Ray examines the central questions that arise from the ideas of Einstein, Leibniz and Newton.
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  12.  34
    Singular Terms and Truth.Karel Lambert - 1959 - Philosophical Studies 10 (1):1 - 5.
    A 'free logic' for singular terms with restrictions on existential generalization and universal instantiation is set out and argued for. Weaker logics, Such as lambert's fd and fd1 are held incapable of proving instances of tarski's truth schema for languages containing non-Denoting terms. Stronger logics, Such as scott's and lambert's fd2, Are held to yield false theorems when given natural interpretations. The logic defended conforms essentially to russell's semantical intuitions. Some consequences are drawn for the theory of identity.
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  13.  31
    From Predication to Programming.Karel Lambert - 2001 - Minds and Machines 11 (2):257-265.
    A free logic is one in which a singular term can fail to refer to an existent object, for example, `Vulcan' or `5/0'. This essay demonstrates the fruitfulness of a version of this non-classical logic of terms (negative free logic) by showing (1) how it can be used not only to repair a looming inconsistency in Quine's theory of predication, the most influential semantical theory in contemporary philosophical logic, but also (2) how Beeson, Farmer and Feferman, among others, use it (...)
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  14.  14
    General Terms, Predicates and Extensionality.Karel Lambert - 1995 - Dialectica 49 (2‐4):195-202.
    SummaryIn the above titled remarks, a distinction between general terms and predicates is made following Quine and Leonard. It is argued that, given Quine's characterization of extensionality vis a vislanguages in his book Word And Object, a language similar to the regimented language Quine regards as adequate for the purposes of science and philosophy, except for the addition of constant singular terms some of which may be irreferential, can be completely extensional. If correct, this conclusion, apparently at odds with a (...)
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  15.  12
    Le “{quanto} syllabique” : métrique poétique arabe et rythmique bichrone au Yémen.Jean Lambert - forthcoming - Rhuthmos.
    Ce article a déjà paru dans la Revue des Traditions Musicales du Monde Arabe et Méditerranéen, n° 6, Beyrouth, 2012, p. 19-42 . Nous remercions Jean Lambert de nous avoir autorisé à le reproduire ici. Au-delà de ses aspects techniques et érudits, la réflexion générale qui y est menée intéressera tous les lecteurs concernés par les rapports entre métrique poétique et rythmique musicale. La séparation historique des études sur la musique (musicologie) et des études sur la poésie (linguistique, poétique) (...)
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  16. Consciousness: No Dogs or Philosophers Allowed.Ken Knisely, Jay Lambert, Peter Caws & Floyd Tesmer - forthcoming - DVD.
    So who is that behind the face in the mirror? Better yet, what is that? What is the uncanny sense that one is an experiencing agent, a reflecting self? Can we explain consciousness? With Jay Lambert, Peter Caws, and Floyd Tesmer.
     
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  17. Time, Space and Philosophy.Christopher Ray - 1991 - Routledge.
    This book provides a comprehensive, up-to-date and accessible introduction to the philosophy of space and time. Ray considers in detail the central questions of space and time which arizse from the ideas of Zeno, Newton, Mach, Leibniz and Einstein. _Time, Space and Philosophy_ extends the debate in many areas:absolute simultaneity is examined as well as black holes, the big bang and even time travel. _Time, Space and Philosophy_ will be invaluable to the student of philosophy and science and will be (...)
     
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  18. Time, Space and Philosophy.Christopher Ray - 1991 - Routledge.
    This book provides a comprehensive, up-to-date and accessible introduction to the philosophy of space and time. Ray considers in detail the central questions of space and time which arizse from the ideas of Zeno, Newton, Mach, Leibniz and Einstein. _Time, Space and Philosophy_ extends the debate in many areas:absolute simultaneity is examined as well as black holes, the big bang and even time travel. _Time, Space and Philosophy_ will be invaluable to the student of philosophy and science and will be (...)
     
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  19. Philosophie Et Science.M. Richir, J. Merleau-Ponty, J. Ladrière, J. Lambert, G. Hottois & B. D’Espagnat - 1987 - Vrin.
    « Philosophie et sciences » : voilà un thème difficile, central, de notre temps, où il est nécessairement question de son sens. C’est ce sens qu’interrogent, d’une façon à la fois historique et problématique, les essais du présent volume. J. Merleau-Ponty questionne les rapports entre sciences et vulgarisation scientifique. J. Ladrière pose le problème de La normativité de la pensée scientifique. J. Lambert met en évidence le problème du Livre de la Nature chez Galilée et Kepler. P. Kerszberg confronte (...)
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  20. Attitudes as Accessibility Bias: Dissociating Automatic and Controlled Processes.B. Keith Payne, Larry L. Jacoby & Alan J. Lambert - 2005 - In Ran R. Hassin, James S. Uleman & John A. Bargh (eds.), The New Unconscious. Oxford Series in Social Cognition and Social Neuroscience. Oxford University Press. pp. 393-420.
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  21. Outline of a Theory of Scientific Understanding.Gerhard Schurz & Karel Lambert - 1994 - Synthese 101 (1):65-120.
    The basic theory of scientific understanding presented in Sections 1–2 exploits three main ideas.First, that to understand a phenomenonP (for a given agent) is to be able to fitP into the cognitive background corpusC (of the agent).Second, that to fitP intoC is to connectP with parts ofC (via arguments in a very broad sense) such that the unification ofC increases.Third, that the cognitive changes involved in unification can be treated as sequences of shifts of phenomena inC. How the theory fits (...)
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  22. The Theory-Ladenness of Observation and the Theory-Ladenness of the Rest of the Scientific Process.William F. Brewer & Bruce L. Lambert - 2001 - Philosophy of Science 3 (September):S176-S186.
    We use evidence from cognitive psychology and the history of science to examine the issue of the theory-ladenness of perceptual observation. This evidence shows that perception is theory-laden, but that it is only strongly theory-laden when the perceptual evidence is ambiguous or degraded, or when it requires a difficult perceptual judgment. We argue that debates about the theory-ladenness issue have focused too narrowly on the issue of perceptual experience, and that a full account of the scientific process requires an examination (...)
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  23. Logical Consequence: A Defense of Tarski.Greg Ray - 1996 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 25 (6):617 - 677.
    In his classic 1936 essay "On the Concept of Logical Consequence", Alfred Tarski used the notion of satisfaction to give a semantic characterization of the logical properties. Tarski is generally credited with introducing the model-theoretic characterization of the logical properties familiar to us today. However, in his book, The Concept of Logical Consequence, Etchemendy argues that Tarski's account is inadequate for quite a number of reasons, and is actually incompatible with the standard model-theoretic account. Many of his criticisms are meant (...)
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  24.  20
    The Non-Philosophy of Gilles Deleuze.Gregg Lambert - 2002 - Continuum.
    Printbegrænsninger: Der kan printes 10 sider ad gangen og max. 40 sider pr. session.
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  25.  52
    Gamma Coherence and Conscious Perception.Kimford J. Meador, P. G. Ray, J. R. Echauz, D. W. Loring & G. J. Vachtsevanos - 2002 - Neurology 59 (6):847-854.
  26.  55
    Meinong and the Principle of Independence: Its Place in Meinong's Theory of Objects and its Significance in Contemporary Philosophical Logic.Karel Lambert - 1983 - Cambridge University Press.
    As well as aiming to revive interest in Meinong's thought, this book challenges many of the most widespread assumptions of philosophical logic.
  27. Semantics for Opaque Contexts.Kirk Ludwig & Greg Ray - 1998 - Philosophical Perspectives 12 (S12):141-66.
    In this paper, we outline an approach to giving extensional truth-theoretic semantics for what have traditionally been seen as opaque sentential contexts. We outline an approach to providing a compositional truth-theoretic semantics for opaque contexts which does not require quantifying over intensional entities of any kind, and meets standard objections to such accounts. The account we present aims to meet the following desiderata on a semantic theory T for opaque contexts: (D1) T can be formulated in a first-order extensional language; (...)
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  28. Vagueness And The Sorites Paradox.Kirk Ludwig & Greg Ray - 2002 - Noûs 36 (s16):419-461.
    A sorites argument is a symptom of the vagueness of the predicate with which it is constructed. A vague predicate admits of at least one dimension of variation (and typically more than one) in its intended range along which we are at a loss when to say the predicate ceases to apply, though we start out confident that it does. It is this feature of them that the sorites arguments exploit. Exactly how is part of the subject of this paper. (...)
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  29. Abductive Reasoning in Neural-Symbolic Systems.Artur S. D’Avila Garcez, Dov M. Gabbay, Oliver Ray & John Woods - 2007 - Topoi 26 (1):37-49.
    Abduction is or subsumes a process of inference. It entertains possible hypotheses and it chooses hypotheses for further scrutiny. There is a large literature on various aspects of non-symbolic, subconscious abduction. There is also a very active research community working on the symbolic (logical) characterisation of abduction, which typically treats it as a form of hypothetico-deductive reasoning. In this paper we start to bridge the gap between the symbolic and sub-symbolic approaches to abduction. We are interested in benefiting from developments (...)
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  30. Derivation and Counterexample.Karel Lambert - 1972 - Encino, Calif., Dickenson Pub. Co..
  31.  53
    Tarski and the Metalinguistic Liar.Greg Ray - 2003 - Philosophical Studies 115 (1):55 - 80.
    I offer an interpretation of a familiar, but poorly understood portion of Tarskis work on truth – bringing to light a number of unnoticed aspects of Tarskis work. A serious misreading of this part of Tarski to be found in Scott Soames Understanding Truth is treated in detail. Soamesreading vies with the textual evidence, and would make Tarskis position inconsistent in an unsubtle way. I show that Soames does not finally have a coherent interpretation of Tarski. This is unfortunate, since (...)
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  32. Philosophical Problems in Logic.Karel Lambert (ed.) - 1970 - Dordrecht: Reidel.
  33.  39
    Kripke & the Existential Complaint.Greg Ray - 1994 - Philosophical Studies 74 (2):121 - 135.
    Famously, Saul Kripke proposes that there are contingent a priori truths, and has offered a number of examples to illustrate his claim. The most well-known example involves the standard meter bar in Paris. Purportedly, a certain agent knows a priori that the bar is one meter long. However, in response to a long-standing objection to such examples - the "existential complaint" - generally only modified examples having a conditional form are now considered candidates for the contingent a priori. Gareth Evans (...)
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  34. Thinking in L.Greg Ray - 1995 - Noûs 29 (3):378-396.
    Stephen Schiffer has argued that natural languages do not have compositional semantics. But it has been widely held that compositional semantics is required in order to explain how it is possible that we have the linguistic capacities that we do. In particular, our use of natural languages is productive in the sense that there are indefinitely many sentences that we have never heard or considered before, but which we are nonetheless capable of understanding. How is this possible? Compositionality evidently supplies (...)
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  35.  52
    Universally Free Logic and Standard Quantification Theory.Robert K. Meyer & Karel Lambert - 1968 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 33 (1):8-26.
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  36.  46
    Notes on E! III: A Theory of Descriptions.Karel Lambert - 1962 - Philosophical Studies 13 (4):51--59.
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  37. Visual Orienting, Learning and Conscious Awareness.T. Lambert - 2003 - In Luis Jimenez (ed.), Attention and Implicit Learning. John Benjamins.
  38. Fodor and the Inscrutability Problem.Greg Ray - 1997 - Mind and Language 12 (3-4):475-89.
    In his 1993 Nicod Lectures (The Elm & the Expert), Jerry Fodor proposed a solution to a certain version of the problem of 'inscrutability of reference', which problem poses a challenge to a certain naturalistic, computational approach to cognition which Fodor has favored. The problem is that a purely informational account of an agent's mental contents cannot discriminate meanings finely enough. Fodor proposes a strategy of solution which appeals to the inferential dispositions of agents to discriminate contents more finely. After (...)
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  39.  82
    On the Philosophical Foundations of Free Logic.Karel Lambert - 1981 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 24 (2):147 – 203.
    The essay outlines the character of free logic, and motivation for its construction and development. It details some technical achievements of high philosophical interest, but urges that the role of existence assumptions in logic is still not fully understood, that unresolved old problems, both technical and philosophical, abound, and presents some new problems of considerable philosophical import in free logic.
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  40.  71
    Ontology-Free Modal Semantics.Greg Ray - 1996 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 25 (4):333 - 361.
    The problem with model-theoretic modal semantics is that it provides only the formal beginnings of an account of the semantics of modal languages. In the case of non-modal language, we bridge the gap between semantics and mere model theory, by claiming that a sentence is true just in case it is true in an intended model. Truth in a model is given by the model theory, and an intended model is a model which has as domain the actual objects of (...)
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  41. The Nature of Argument.Karel Lambert - 1980 - University Press of America.
    The authors contend that most contemporary logic textbooks fail the average student because they emphasize the evaluation of arguments over their clarification, assuming that the student already understands what motivations underlie logic.
     
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  42.  49
    Russell's Version of the Theory of Definite Descriptions.Karel Lambert - 1992 - Philosophical Studies 65 (1-2):153 - 167.
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  43.  19
    On the on Type Theory of Significance.Karel Lambert - 1968 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 46 (1):79 – 86.
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  44.  59
    Probabilistic Causality Reexamined.Greg Ray - 1992 - Erkenntnis 36 (2):219 - 244.
    According to Nancy Cartwright, a causal law holds just when a certain probabilistic condition obtains in all test situations which in turn satisfy a set of background conditions. These background conditions are shown to be inconsistent and, on separate account, logically incoherent. I offer a corrective reformulation which also incorporates a strategy for problems like Hesslow's thrombosis case. I also show that Cartwright's recent argument for modifying the condition to appeal to singular causes fails.Proposed modifications of the theory's probabilistic condition (...)
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  45.  55
    Impossible Objects.Karel Lambert - 1974 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 17 (1-4):303 – 314.
    This paper deals with the Meinong-Russell controversy on nonsubsistent objects. The first part notes the similarity of certain contemporary semantical developments to Meinonj;'s theory of nonsubsistent objects. Then it lays out the major features of Meinong's famous theory, considers Russell's objections to same and Meinong's counter-objections to Russell, and argues that Russell's well-known argument fails. However, it is possible to augment Russell's argument against Meinong with sound Russellian principles in such a way that it presents at least a strong inclining (...)
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  46.  63
    Williamson's Master Argument on Vagueness.Greg Ray - 2004 - Synthese 138 (2):175-206.
    According to Timothy Williamson 's epistemic view, vague predicates have precise extensions, we just don't know where their boundaries lie. It is a central challenge to his view to explain why we would be so ignorant, if precise borderlines were really there. He offers a novel argument to show that our insuperable ignorance ``is just what independently justified epistemic principles would lead one to expect''. This paper carefully formulates and critically examines Williamson 's argument. It is shown that the argument (...)
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  47.  64
    Critical Theory and Positivism: Popper and the Frankfurt School.L. J. Ray - 1979 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 9 (2):149-173.
  48.  28
    Transparent and Opaque Reference.Robert Ray - 1980 - Philosophical Studies 38 (4):435 - 445.
  49.  25
    Notes on “E!” IV: A Reduction in Free Quantification Theory with Identity and Descriptions.Karel Lambert - 1964 - Philosophical Studies 15 (6):85--88.
  50.  58
    A Logical Interpretation of Meinong's Principle of Independence.Karel Lambert - 1982 - Topoi 1 (1-2):87-96.
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