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Raymond Martin [95]Raymond M. Martin [2]Raymond-M. Martin [2]Raymond Frederick Martin [1]
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Profile: Raymond Martin (Université de Fribourg)
  1.  14
    Hazlitt on the Future of the Self.Raymond Martin & John Barresi - 1995 - Journal of the History of Ideas 56 (468):61-100.
  2.  18
    The Rise and Fall of Soul and Self: An Intellectual History of Personal Identity.Raymond Martin & John Barresi - 2006 - Columbia University Press.
    Raymond Martin and John Barresi trace the development of Western ideas about personal identity and reveal the larger intellectual trends, controversies, and ideas that have revolutionized the way we think about ourselves.
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  3.  22
    Hazlitt on the Future of the Self.Raymond Martin & John Baressi - 1995 - Journal of the History of Ideas 56 (3).
    William Hazlitt's moment occurred in 1794, when he was sixteen years old. In that moment Hazlitt thought he realized three things: that we are naturally connected to ourselves in the past and present but only imagina-.
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  4.  41
    Self-Concern: An Experiential Approach to What Matters in Survival.Raymond Martin - 1997 - Cambridge University Press.
    This book is a major contribution to the philosophical literature on the nature of the self, personal identity and survival. Its distinctive methodology is one that is phenomenologically descriptive rather than metaphysical and normative. On the basis of this approach Raymond Martin shows that the distinction between self and other is not nearly as fundamental a feature of our so-called egoistic values as has been traditionally thought. He explains how the belief in a self as a fixed, continuous point of (...)
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  5. Personal Identity.Raymond Martin & John Barresi (eds.) - 2003 - Blackwell.
    These are the very scholars that were involved in initiating the revolution in personal identity theory.
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  6. Tracking Nozick's Sceptic: A Better Method.Raymond Martin - 1983 - Analysis 43 (1):28 - 33.
  7.  52
    Conditionally Necessary Causes.Raymond Martin - 1970 - Analysis 30 (April):147-150.
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  8.  6
    Locke's Image of the World By Michael Jacovides Oxford University Press, 2016. 256pp, £45 ISBN: 9780198789864. [REVIEW]Raymond Martin - 2018 - Philosophy 93 (2):307-312.
  9.  78
    Naturalization of the Soul: Self and Personal Identity in the Eighteenth Century.John Barresi & Raymond Martin - 1999 - Routledge.
    _Naturalization of the Soul_ charts the development of the concepts of soul and self in Western thought, from Plato to the present. It fills an important gap in intellectual history by being the first book to emphasize the enormous intellectual transformation in the eighteenth century, when the religious 'soul' was replaced first by a philosophical 'self' and then by a scientific 'mind'. The authors show that many supposedly contemporary theories of the self were actually discussed in the eighteenth century, and (...)
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  10.  10
    Fission Examples in the Eighteenth and Early Nineteenth Century Personal Identity Debate.Raymond Martin, John Barresi & Alessandro Giovannelli - 1998 - History of Philosophy Quarterly 15 (3):323 - 348.
  11.  22
    Empirically Conclusive Reasons and Scepticism.Raymond Martin - 1975 - Philosophical Studies 28 (3):215 - 217.
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  12.  72
    Locke's Psychology of Personal Identity.Raymond Martin - 2000 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 38 (1):41-61.
    By attending just to conceptual analysis and metaphysics in connection with Locke's theory of personal identity, but ignoring psychology, one can know that, in Locke's view, consciousness via memory unifies persons over time, but not how consciousness unifies persons, either over time or at a time, nor why, for Locke, the mechanisms of self-constitution are crucially important to personal identity. In explaining Locke's neglected thoughts on the psychology of personal identity, I argue, first, that he was not trying to analyze (...)
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  13. Do Historians Need Philosophy?Raymond Martin - 2006 - History and Theory 45 (2):252–260.
    The Logic of History: Putting Postmodernism in Perspective. By C. Behan McCullagh.
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  14. The Experience of Philosophy.Daniel Kolak & Raymond Martin (eds.) - 2005 - Oxford University Press.
    This exceptional anthology immerses students in such powerful ideas that they will find themselves not just reading about, but actually participating in, the kind of philosophical thinking that can change the way they look at their lives and the world around them. Now in a new edition, The Experience of Philosophy features eighty-five readings that challenge students' thinking about God, freedom, reality, nothingness, death, and their own identities. Provocative and accessible, these selections have been carefully chosen for their ability to (...)
     
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  15. Naturalization of the Soul: Self and Personal Identity in the Eighteenth Century.Raymond Martin & John Barresi - 2001 - Mind 110 (438):508-512.
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  16.  74
    Review of Christian Smith, What is a Person? Rethinking Humanity, Social Life, and the Moral Good From the Person Up[REVIEW]Raymond Martin - 2011 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2011 (2).
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  17.  34
    The Essential Difference Between History and Science.Raymond Martin - 1997 - History and Theory 36 (1):1-14.
    My thesis is that there is a deep, intractable difference, not between history and science per se, but between paradigmatically central kinds of historical interpretations-call them humanistic historical interpretations-and theories of any sort that are characteristic of the physical sciences. The difference is that unlike theories in the physical sciences, good humanistic historical interpretations reveal subjectivity, agency, and meaning. I use the controversy provoked by Gordon Wood's recent reinterpretation of the American Revolution to illustrate and substantiate this thesis. I also (...)
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  18.  60
    Causes and Alternate Causes.Raymond Martin - 1970 - Theoria 36 (2):82-92.
  19.  91
    What Really Matters.Raymond Martin - 2008 - Synthese 162 (3):325 - 340.
    What really matters fundamentally in survival? That question—the one on which I focus—is not about what should matter or about metaphysics. Rather, it is a factual question the answer to which can be determined, if at all, only empirically. I argue that the answer to it is that in the case of many people it is not one’s own persistence, but continuing in ways that may involve one’s own cessation that really matters fundamentally in survival. Call this the surprising result. (...)
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  20.  64
    Beyond Positivism: A Research Program for Philosophy of History.Raymond Martin - 1981 - Philosophy of Science 48 (1):112-121.
    It is argued that the debate over the positivist theory of historical explanation has made only a limited contribution to our understanding of how historians should defend the explanations they propose importantly because both positivists and their critics tacitly accepted two assumptions. The first assumption is that if the positivist analysis of historical explanation is correct, then historians ought to attempt to defend covering laws for each of the explanations they propose. The second is that unless a historian can justify (...)
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  21.  62
    The Value of Memory: Reflections on “Memento”.Raymond Martin - unknown
    “You have to begin to lose your memory, if only in bits and pieces, to realize that memory is what makes our lives. Life without memory is no life at all, . . . Our memory is our coherence, our reason, our feeling, even our action. Without it, we are nothing.” – Luis Buñuel..
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  22.  73
    Self-Concern From Priestley to Hazlitt.John Barresi & Raymond Martin - 2003 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 11 (3):499 – 507.
    himself or a proper object of his egoistic self-concern. Hazlitt concluded that belief in personal identity must be an acquired imaginary conception and that since in reality each of us is no more related to his or her future self than to the future self of any other person none of us is 2 ‘.
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  23. Self-Concern: An Experiential Approach to What Matters in Survival.Raymond Martin & Carol Rovane - 2005 - Philosophical Review 114 (3):399-410.
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  24.  19
    Survival of Bodily Death: A Question of Values: Raymond Martin.Raymond Martin - 1992 - Religious Studies 28 (2):165-184.
    Does anyone ever survive his or her bodily death ? Could anyone? No speculative questions are older than these, or have been answered more frequently or more variously. None have been laid to rest more often, or — in our times — with more claimed decisiveness. Jay Rosenberg, for instance, no doubt speaks for many contemporary philosophers when he claims, in his recent book, to have ‘ demonstrated ’ that ‘ we cannot [even] make coherent sense of the supposed possibility (...)
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  25.  11
    History as Prologue: Western Theories of the Self.John Barresi & Raymond Martin - 2011 - In Shaun Gallagher (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of the Self. Oxford University Press.
    This article examines the historical conception of the words self and person in philosophical theory. It discusses John Locke's definition of the self as the conscious thinking thing and the person as a thinking intelligent being. It describes the Platonist view of the self as spiritual substance and Aristotelian belief that the self is a hylomorphic substance. It also explores the relevant topics of Epicureanism atomism, Cartesian dualism, and the developmental and social origin of self-concepts.
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  26.  23
    Narration, Objectivity, and Methodological Truth.Raymond Martin - 2000 - The Proceedings of the Twentieth World Congress of Philosophy 2000:133-144.
    In this essay, I argue that scientists and historians employ different strategies to overcome a common problem: subjectivity. The difference in their strategies is symptomatic of a fundamental difference between science and the humanities. It is that whereas physical scientists, in trying to be objective, aspire to the view from nowhere, humanistic historians, in trying to be objective, aspire to the views from everywhere.
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  27. Historians on Miracles.Raymond Martin - 2003 - In God Matters: Readings in the Philosophy of Religion. Longman Publications.
    Secular academic historians of religious subject matter often characterize their approach as objective, contrasting it with the approaches of religiously-oriented historians. On the assumption that the denial of a theological claim is itself a theological claim, I question this characterization. After a brief discussion of Spinoza and Hume on miracles, I survey the work of several secular, academic historians of the New Testament in order to illustrate how on the issue of miracles they are committed to theological conclusions in advance (...)
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  28.  18
    Having the Experience: The Next Best Thing to Being There. [REVIEW]Raymond Martin - 1993 - Philosophical Studies 70 (3):305 - 321.
  29.  22
    Identity's Crisis.Raymond Martin - 1988 - Philosophical Studies 53 (2):295 - 307.
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  30.  22
    Singular Causal Explanations.Raymond Martin - 1972 - Theory and Decision 2 (3):221-237.
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  31.  50
    Paul Edwards. Reincarnation: A Critical Examination. Pp. 313. (Amherst, New York: Prometheus Books, 1996.).Raymond Martin - 1997 - Religious Studies 33 (3):349-360.
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  32. The Past Within Us an Empirical Approach to Philosophy of History.Raymond Martin - 1989
     
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  33.  49
    Eighteenth Century British Theories of Self & Personal Identity.Raymond Martin - manuscript
    1. In the Essay, Locke’s most controversial claim, which he slipped into Book IV almost as an aside, was that matter might think (Locke1975:IV.iii.6;540-1).i Either because he was genuinely pious, which he was, or because he was clever, which he also was, he tied the denial that matter might think to the claim that God’s powers are limited, thus, attempting to disarm his critics. It did not work. Stillingfleet and others were outraged. If matter can think, then for explanatory purposes (...)
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  34.  33
    Survival of Bodily Death: A Question of Values.Raymond Martin - 1992 - Religious Studies 28 (2):165 - 184.
  35.  3
    Real Values: Why the Wilkes-Donagan Prohibition is Mistaken.Raymond Martin - 1993 - Metaphilosophy 24 (4):400-406.
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  36.  2
    Objectivity and Meaning in Historical Studies: Toward a Post-Analytic View.Raymond Martin - 1993 - History and Theory 32 (1):25-50.
    Many contemporary historians and philosophers are dissatisfied both with the accounts traditional analytic philosophers have given of the epistemological dimensions of historical studies and also with the ways many continental philosophers more recently have brushed aside the need for any such accounts. Yet no one has yet proposed a unified research program that could serve as the central focus for a better epistemologically-oriented approach. Such a research program would not only address epistemological problems from a perspective that would be of (...)
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  37.  28
    Mill on Liberty.Raymond Martin - 1982 - Teaching Philosophy 5 (4):326-328.
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  38.  26
    Empiricist Roots of Modern Psychology.Raymond Martin - unknown
    From the thirteenth through the sixteenth centuries, European philosophers were preoccupied with using their newfound access to Aristotle’s metaphysics and natural philosophy to develop an integrated account, hospitable to Christianity, of everything that was thought to exist, including God, pure finite spirits, the immaterial souls of humans, the natural world of organic objects and inorganic objects. This account included a theory of human mentality. In the sixteenth and early seventeenth centuries, first in astronomy and then, later, in physics, the tightly (...)
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  39.  3
    Causes, Conditions, and Causal Importance.Raymond Martin - 1982 - History and Theory 21 (1):53-74.
    Judgments which assign relative importance to the causes of particular results can be objective. Historians usually do and can use a factual principle of selection to distinguish between causes and conditions and between more and less important causes. The judgments which distinguish between causes and conditions and the judgments which distinguish between more and less important causes require radically different analyses. In A. M. Jones's work on the decline and fall of Rome, he argued that increased barbarian pressure on the (...)
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  40.  1
    Paul Edwards. Reincarnation: A Critical Examination. Pp. 313.Raymond Martin - 1997 - Religious Studies 33 (3):349-360.
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  41.  14
    R. W. K. Paterson, Philosophy and the Belief in a Life After Death. Pp. V+223. [REVIEW]Raymond Martin - 1996 - Religious Studies 32 (3):415.
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  42.  14
    The Kinds of Things.Raymond Martin - 2001 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 62 (1):240-243.
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  43.  6
    On Weighting Causes.Raymond Martin - 1972 - American Philosophical Quarterly 9 (4):291 - 299.
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  44.  8
    Self-Concern.Raymond Martin - 2000 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 61 (3):718-720.
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  45.  18
    Progress in Historical Studies.Raymond Martin - 1998 - History and Theory 37 (1):14–39.
    Everyone with their feet on the ground admits that in the physical sciences there has been progress. One can debate the niceties. The hard rock is that our ability to predict and control natural events and processes is greater now than it has ever been. And there has been astonishing technological fallout.
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  46.  10
    Book Review Section 2. [REVIEW]Henrietta Schwartz, Ronald D. Cohen, Shields Jr, Mazoor Ahmed, Albert E. Bender, Paul J. Schafer, Charles S. Ungerleider, Andrew T. Kopan, Joseph Watras, George A. Letchworth, Ronald M. Brown, John H. Walker, Ralph B. Kimbrough, Roy L. Cox & Raymond Martin - 1975 - Ethics and Behavior 6 (3):222-237.
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  47.  10
    History and the Brewmaster's Nose.Raymond Martin - 1985 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 15 (2):253 - 272.
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  48.  1
    La question de l'Unité de la Forme substantielle dans le premier Collège dominicain à Oxford.Raymond-M. Martin - 1920 - Revue Néo-Scolastique de Philosophie 22 (85):107-112.
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  49.  18
    The Sufficiency Thesis.Raymond Martin - 1972 - Philosophical Studies 23 (3):205 - 211.
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  50.  8
    Let Many Flowers Bloom.Raymond Martin - 2010 - History and Theory 49 (3):426-434.
    In this rich and sensible assessment of historians' practice and prospects, Allan Megill focuses on the obligation that historians have to support their accounts with evidence. He does this, first, by illustrating the difference between real and merely claimed evidence and, then, by giving an analysis of the underlying nature of evidence in historical accounts. Turning later to the question of how historians and their public should feel about diminishing unity in historiography and the practices that generate it, Megill explains (...)
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