Results for 'Rebecca Kaufman'

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  1.  2
    Ode to Positive Constructive Daydreaming.Rebecca L. McMillan, Scott Barry Kaufman & Jerome L. Singer - 2013 - Frontiers in Psychology 4.
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  2.  46
    Clarifying the Discussion on Brain Death.T. Forcht Dagi & Rebecca Kaufman - 2001 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 26 (5):503 – 525.
    Definitions of death are based on subjective standards, priorities, and social conventions rather than on objective facts about the state of human physiology. It is the meaning assigned to the facts that determines whensomeone may be deemed to have died, not the facts themselves. Even though subjective standards for the diagnosis of death show remarkable consistency across communities, they are extrinsic. They are driven, implicitly or explicitly, by ideas about what benefits the community rather than what benefits the indidvidual. The (...)
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  3.  1
    What Do We Owe to Baby Jane?Rebecca L. Burke, Grace Powers Monaco & Rick Kaufman - 1984 - Hastings Center Report 14 (4):49-50.
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  4. Robert J. Sternberg Todd I. Lubart James C. Kaufman Jean E. Pretz.James C. Kaufman - 2005 - In K. Holyoak & B. Morrison (eds.), The Cambridge Handbook of Thinking and Reasoning. Cambridge University Press. pp. 351.
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  5.  2
    Gordon Kaufman Interview.Terry C. Muck, Rita M. Gross & Gordon Kaufman - forthcoming - Buddhist-Christian Studies.
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  6.  2
    Diesing and Piccone on Kaufman.Arnold S. Kaufman - 1967 - Inquiry : An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 10 (1-4):211-216.
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  7.  22
    Welfare in the Kantian State.Alexander Kaufman - 1999 - Oxford University Press.
    A traditional interpretation holds that Kant's political theory simply constitutes an account of the constraints which reason places on the state's authority to regulate external action. Alexander Kaufman argues that this traditional interpretation succeeds neither as a faithful reading of Kant's texts nor as a plausible, philosophically sound reconstruction of a `Kantian' political theory. Rather, he argues that Kant's political theory articulates a positive conception of the state's role.
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  8. Incorrectly Political: Augustine and Thomas More.Peter Iver Kaufman - 2007 - University of Notre Dame Press.
    "Peter Iver Kaufman is admirably and ideally qualified to undertake this project of reading More on politics in the light of Augustine on politics. In vigorous, well-paced prose, he tackles an important and original subject." —_Marcia L. Colish, Frederick B. Artz Professor of History, emerita, Oberlin College_ _“Incorrectly Political_ will attract readers not only because it is written with the author's characteristic flair and liveliness, but also because of his established capacity to bridge centuries of Western thought and history. (...)
     
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  9. Adorno and Ethics.Martin Jay, Christina Gerhardt, Rob Kaufman, Detlev Claussen & J. M. Bernstein - 2006 - Duke University Press.
    Because of his preoccupation with the formal aspects of music and literature, Theodor W. Adorno is often regarded as the most aesthetically oriented thinker of the Frankfurt School theorists. It is Adorno’s perceived commitment to aestheticism—the study of art for art’s sake and the study of art as a source of sensuous pleasure, rather than as a vehicle for culturally constructed morality or meaning—that many scholars have criticized as hostile to genuine, concrete, substantive political, social, and ethical engagement with the (...)
     
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  10.  15
    Justified Killing: The Paradox of Self-Defense.Whitley R. P. Kaufman - 2009 - Lexington Books.
    In Justified Killing, Whitley R. P. Kaufman argues that none of the leading theories adequately explains why it is permissible even to kill an innocent attacker in self-defense, given the basic moral prohibition against killing the innocent. Kaufman suggests that such an explanation can be found in the traditional Doctrine of Double Effect, according to which self-defense is justified because the intention of the defender is to protect himself rather than harm the attacker.
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  11.  15
    Public Expectations for Return of Results From Large-Cohort Genetic Research.Juli Murphy, Joan Scott, David Kaufman, Gail Geller, Lisa LeRoy & Kathy Hudson - 2008 - American Journal of Bioethics 8 (11):36 – 43.
    The National Institutes of Health and other federal health agencies are considering establishing a national biobank to study the roles of genes and environment in human health. A preliminary public engagement study was conducted to assess public attitudes and concerns about the proposed biobank, including the expectations for return of individual research results. A total of 141 adults of different ages, incomes, genders, ethnicities, and races participated in 16 focus groups in six locations across the country. Focus group participants voiced (...)
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  12. Are We Free?: Psychology and Free Will.John Baer, James C. Kaufman & Roy F. Baumeister (eds.) - 2008 - Oxford University Press.
    Do people have free will, or this universal belief an illusion? If free will is more than an illusion, what kind of free will do people have? How can free will influence behavior? Can free will be studied, verified, and understood scientifically? How and why might a sense of free will have evolved? These are a few of the questions this book attempts to answer. People generally act as though they believe in their own free will: they don't feel like (...)
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  13.  1
    A Rationale in Support of Uncontrolled Donation After Circulatory Determination of Death.Kevin G. Munjal, Stephen P. Wall, Lewis R. Goldfrank, Alexander Gilbert & Bradley J. Kaufman - 2013 - Hastings Center Report 43 (1):19-26.
  14. A User's Guide to White Privilege.Cynthia Kaufman - 2001 - Radical Philosophy Review 4 (1/2):30-38.
    Picking up where Peggy McKintosh’s “White Privilege: Unpacking the Invisible Knapsack” left off, this essay looks further into the ways that racial privilege manifests itself in the lives of white Americans. It explores some of the reasons that white privilege is hard for whites to see and it explores the question of how white people can act responsibly given the unavoidable realities of racial privilege.
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  15. Concerning Kraft's "Philosophy of Existence".Fritz Kaufman - 1940 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 1 (3):359-364.
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  16. From Red to Green: Cuba Forced to Conserve Due to Economic Crisis. [REVIEW]Holly Kaufman - 1993 - Agriculture and Human Values 10 (3):31-34.
    The most severe economic crisis in post-revolutionary Cuba has forced the country to adopt an austere conservation program. Resource-wise measures have been instituted in the energy, transportation, housing, and agricultural sectors because of a rapid drop in Soviet aid, significant loss of trade with the Eastern Bloc, a halving of oil imports in a one-year period, and stepped-up U. S. sanctions. The economic crisis is also causing negative environmental impacts, in part because pollution abatement projects have been deferred and the (...)
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  17.  16
    Regarding the Rise in Autism: Vaccine Safety Doubt, Conditions of Inquiry, and the Shape of Freedom.Sharon R. Kaufman - 2010 - Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology 38 (1):8-32.
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  18. Locke on Individuation and the Corpuscular Basis of Kinds.Dan Kaufman - 2007 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 75 (3):499–534.
    In a well-known paper, Reginald Jackson expresses a sentiment not uncommon among readers of Locke: “Among the merits of Locke’s Essay…not even the friendliest critic would number consistency.”2 This unflattering opinion of Locke is reiterated by Maurice Mandelbaum: “Under no circumstances can [Locke] be counted among the clearest and most consistent of philosophers.”3 The now familiar story is that there are innumerable inconsistencies and internal problems contained in Locke’s Essay. In fact, it is probably safe to say that there is (...)
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  19. Descartes's Creation Doctrine and Modality.Dan Kaufman - 2002 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 80 (1):24 – 41.
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  20.  38
    Placing the Food System on the Urban Agenda: The Role of Municipal Institutions in Food Systems Planning. [REVIEW]Kameshwari Pothukuchi & Jerome L. Kaufman - 1999 - Agriculture and Human Values 16 (2):213-224.
    Food issues are generally regarded as agricultural and rural issues. The urban food system is less visible than such other systems as transportation, housing, employment, or even the environment. The reasons for its low visibility include the historic process by which issues and policies came to be defined as urban; the spread of processing, refrigeration, and transportation technology together with cheap, abundant energy that rendered invisible the loss of farmland around older cities; and the continuing institutional separation of urban and (...)
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  21.  37
    A Religious Interpretation of Emergence: Creativity as God.Gordon D. Kaufman - 2007 - Zygon 42 (4):915-928.
  22.  30
    Techno-Secularism and "Revealed Religion": Some Problems with Caiazza's Analysis.Gordon D. Kaufman - 2005 - Zygon 40 (2):323-334.
  23.  76
    Torture and the "Distributive Justice" Theory of Self-Defense: An Assessment.Whitley Kaufman - 2008 - Ethics and International Affairs 22 (1):93–115.
    The goal of this feature is to demonstrate that distributive justice is a flawed theory of self-defense and must be rejected, thus undercutting the argument that torture can be justified as self-defense.
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  24. Divine Simplicity and the Eternal Truths in Descartes.Dan Kaufman - 2003 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 11 (4):553 – 579.
  25.  37
    Capabilities and Freedom.Alexander Kaufman - 2006 - Journal of Political Philosophy 14 (3):289–300.
  26. Death and Deprivation; or, Why Lucretius' Symmetry Argument Fails.Frederik Kaufman - 1996 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 74 (2):305 – 312.
  27.  91
    What's Wrong with Preventive War? The Moral and Legal Basis for the Preventive Use of Force.Whitley Kaufman - 2005 - Ethics and International Affairs 19 (3):23–38.
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  28. Descartes on Composites, Incomplete Substances, and Kinds of Unity.Dan Kaufman - 2008 - Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 90 (1):39-73.
    It is widely-accepted that Descartes is a substance dualist, i.e. that he holds that there are two and only two kinds of finite substance – mind and body. However, several scholars have argued that Descartes is a substance trialist, where the third kind of substance he admits is the substantial union of a mind and a body, the human being. In this paper, I argue against the trialist interpretation of Descartes. First, I show that the strongest evidence for trialism, based (...)
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  29. Descartes on the Objective Reality of Materially False Ideas.Dan Kaufman - 2000 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 81 (4):385–408.
    “The Standard Interpretation” of Descartes on material falsity states that Descartes believed that materially false ideas (MFIs) lack “objective reality” [realitas objectiva]. The argument for the Standard Interpretation depends on a statement from the “Third Meditation” that MFIs are caused by nothing. This statement, in conjunction with a causal principle introduced by Descartes, seems to entail that MFIs lack objective reality. However, the Standard Interpretation is incorrect. First, I argue that, despite initial appearances, the manner in which Descartes understands the (...)
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  30.  38
    Pre-Vital and Post-Mortem Non-Existence.Frederik Kaufman - 1999 - American Philosophical Quarterly 36 (1):1 - 19.
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  31. Infimus Gradus Libertatis? Descartes on Indifference and Divine Freedom.Dan Kaufman - 2003 - Religious Studies 39 (4):391-406.
    Descartes held the doctrine that the eternal truths are freely created by God. He seems to have thought that a proper understanding of God's freedom entails such a doctrine concerning the eternal truths. In this paper, I examine Descartes' account of divine freedom. I argue that Descartes' statements about indifference, namely that indifference is the lowest grade of freedom and that indifference is the essence of God's freedom are not incompatible. I also show how Descartes arrived at his doctrine of (...)
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  32.  7
    Deleuze, the Dark Precursor: Dialectic, Structure, Being.Eleanor Kaufman - 2012 - The Johns Hopkins University Press.
    Deleuze, The Dark Precursor is organized around three themes that critically overlap: dialectic, structure, and being.
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  33.  32
    The Theological Structure of Christian Faith and the Feasibility of a Global Ecological Ethic.Gordon D. Kaufman - 2003 - Zygon 38 (1):147-161.
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  34. The Reform Theory of Punishment.Arnold S. Kaufman - 1960 - Ethics 71 (1):49-53.
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  35. Ability.Arnold S. Kaufman - 1963 - Journal of Philosophy 60 (19):537-551.
  36. Can Science Determine Moral Values? A Reply to Sam Harris.Whitley Kaufman - 2012 - Neuroethics 5 (1):55-65.
    Sam Harris’ new book “The Moral Landscape” is the latest in a series of attempts to provide a new “science of morality.” This essay argues that such a project is unlikely to succeed, using Harris’ text as an example of the major philosophical problems that would be faced by any such theory. In particular, I argue that those trying to construct a scientific ethics need pay far more attention to the tradition of moral philosophy, rather than assuming the debate is (...)
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  37.  74
    Karma, Rebirth, and the Problem of Evil: A Reply to Critics.Whitley R. P. Kaufman - 2007 - Philosophy East and West 57 (4):556-560.
    The doctrine of karma and rebirth is often praised for its ability to offer a successful solution to the Problem of Evil. This essay evaluates such a claim by considering whether the doctrine can function as a systematic theodicy, as an explanation of all human suffering in terms of wrongs done in either this or past lives. This purported answer to the Problem of Evil must face a series of objections, including the problem of any lack of memory of past (...)
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  38. God the Problem.Gordon D. Kaufman - 1972 - Cambridge: Mass., Harvard University Press.
     
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  39.  41
    Biohistorical Naturalism and The Symbol "God".Gordon D. Kaufman - 2003 - Zygon 38 (1):95-100.
  40.  31
    Is There a “Right” to Self‐Defense?Whitley Kaufman - 2004 - Criminal Justice Ethics 23 (1):20-32.
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  41. Karma, Rebirth, and the Problem of Evil.Whitley R. P. Kaufman - 2005 - Philosophy East and West 55 (1):15-32.
    : The doctrine of karma and rebirth is often praised for its ability to offer a successful solution to the Problem of Evil. This essay evaluates such a claim by considering whether the doctrine can function as a systematic theodicy, as an explanation of all human suffering in terms of wrongs done in either this or past lives. This purported answer to the Problem of Evil must face a series of objections, including the problem of anylackofmemoryofpastlives,the lack of proportionality between (...)
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  42.  5
    Revitalizing Primary Health Care and Family Medicine/Primary Care in India – Disruptive Innovation?Rakesh Biswas, Ankur Joshi, Rajeev Joshi, Terry Kaufman, Chris Peterson, Joachim P. Sturmberg, Arjun Maitra & Carmel M. Martin - 2009 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 15 (5):873-880.
  43.  6
    Psychological and Neural Responses to Art Embody Viewer and Artwork Histories.Oshin Vartanian & James C. Kaufman - 2013 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (2):161-162.
    The research programs of empirical aesthetics and neuroaesthetics have reflected deep concerns about viewers' sensitivities to artworks' historical contexts by investigating the impact of two factors on art perception: viewers' developmental (and educational) histories and the contextual histories of artworks. These considerations are consistent with data demonstrating that art perception is underwritten by dynamically reconfigured and evolutionarily adapted neural and psychological mechanisms.
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  44. God's Immutability and the Necessity of Descartes's Eternal Truths.Dan Kaufman - 2005 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 43 (1):1-19.
  45.  35
    Re-Conceiving God and Humanity in Light of Today's Evolutionary-Ecological Consciousness.Gordon D. Kaufman - 2001 - Zygon 36 (2):335-348.
  46.  38
    Normative Criticism and the Objective Value of Artworks.Daniel A. Kaufman - 2002 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 60 (2):151–166.
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  47.  37
    Late Birth, Early Death, and the Problem of Lucretian Symmetry.Frederik Kaufman - 2011 - Social Theory and Practice 37 (1):113-127.
    Lucretius famously argued that if we think death is bad because it deprives us of time we could have had by living longer than we do, then when we are born must be bad too, since we could have been born earlier than we were, and so be deprived of that time as well. John Martin Fischer thinks Lucretius’s symmetry argument fails because we have a bias toward the future. I argue that Fischer’s approach does not answer Lucretius. In contrast (...)
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  48.  12
    Managers' Double Fiduciary Duty: To Stakeholders and to Freedom.Allen Kaufman - 2002 - Business Ethics Quarterly 12 (2):189-214.
    Abstract: In providing an ethical guide for managers, the Clarkson Principles offer one part of a possible professional code, namely, that managers have a fiduciary duty—a duty of loyalty of the corporation’s stakeholders. However, the Clarkson Principles contain little advise for managers when they act politically to fashion the regulatory framework in which stakeholders negotiate. When managers participate in these arenas, I argue that they ought to assume a second fiduciary duty—a duty of loyalty to fair bargaining. Where the first (...)
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  49. An Answer to Lucretius' Symmetry Argument Against the Fear of Death.Frederik Kaufman - 1995 - Journal of Value Inquiry 29 (1):57-64.
  50.  33
    Speciesism and the Argument From Misfortune.Frederik Kaufman - 1998 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 15 (2):155–163.
    Is there a morally relevant difference between a brain‐damaged human being and a nonhuman animal at the same cognitive and emotional level to justify, say, performing medical experiments on the animal but not the human being? Some hold that the misfortune of the human being allows us to distinguish between them. I consider the nature of misfortunate and argue that an appeal to misfortune fails to distinguish between the human being and the nonhuman animal when the treatment at issue is (...)
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