Results for 'Rebecca L. Hsu'

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  1.  25
    What is a Medical Information Commons?Juli M. Bollinger, Peter D. Zuk, Mary A. Majumder, Erika Versalovic, Angela G. Villanueva, Rebecca L. Hsu, Amy L. McGuire & Robert Cook-Deegan - 2019 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 47 (1):41-50.
    A 2011 National Academies of Sciences report called for an “Information Commons” and a “Knowledge Network” to revolutionize biomedical research and clinical care. We interviewed 41 expert stakeholders to examine governance, access, data collection, and privacy in the context of a medical information commons. Stakeholders' attitudes about MICs align with the NAS vision of an Information Commons; however, differences of opinion regarding clinical use and access warrant further research to explore policy and technological solutions.
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  2.  4
    Researcher Perspectives on Data Sharing in Deep Brain Stimulation.Peter Zuk, Clarissa E. Sanchez, Kristin Kostick, Laura Torgerson, Katrina A. Muñoz, Rebecca Hsu, Lavina Kalwani, Demetrio Sierra-Mercado, Jill O. Robinson, Simon Outram, Barbara A. Koenig, Stacey Pereira, Amy L. McGuire & Gabriel Lázaro-Muñoz - 2020 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 14.
    The expansion of research on deep brain stimulation and adaptive DBS raises important neuroethics and policy questions related to data sharing. However, there has been little empirical research on the perspectives of experts developing these technologies. We conducted semi-structured, open-ended interviews with aDBS researchers regarding their data sharing practices and their perspectives on ethical and policy issues related to sharing. Researchers expressed support for and a commitment to sharing, with most saying that they were either sharing their data or would (...)
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  3.  20
    Serial Participation and the Ethics of Phase 1 Healthy Volunteer Research.Rebecca L. Walker, Marci D. Cottingham & Jill A. Fisher - 2018 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 43 (1):83-114.
    Phase 1 healthy volunteer clinical trials—which financially compensate subjects in tests of drug toxicity levels and side effects—appear to place pressure on each joint of the moral framework justifying research. In this article, we review concerns about phase 1 trials as they have been framed in the bioethics literature, including undue inducement and coercion, unjust exploitation, and worries about compromised data validity. We then revisit these concerns in light of the lived experiences of serial participants who are income-dependent on phase (...)
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  4. Working Virtue: Virtue Ethics and Contemporary Moral Problems.Rebecca L. Walker & Philip J. Ivanhoe (eds.) - 2006 - Oxford University Press.
    In Working Virtue: Virtue Ethics and Contemporary Moral Problems, leading figures in the fields of virtue ethics and ethics come together to present the first ...
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  5.  15
    The Unfinished Business of Respect for Autonomy: Persons, Relationships, and Nonhuman Animals.Rebecca L. Walker - 2020 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 45 (4-5):521-539.
    This essay explores three issues in respect for autonomy that pose unfinished business for the concept. By this, I mean that the dialogue over them is ongoing and essentially unresolved. These are: whether we ought to respect persons or their autonomous choices; the role of relational autonomy; and whether nonhuman animals can be autonomous. In attending to this particular set of unfinished business, I highlight some critical moral work left aside by the concept of respect for autonomy as understood in (...)
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  6. Infant Artificial Language Learning and Language Acquisition.Rebecca L. Gómez & LouAnn Gerken - 2000 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 4 (5):178-186.
  7. Human and Animal Subjects of Research: The Moral Significance of Respect Versus Welfare.Rebecca L. Walker - 2006 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 27 (4):305-331.
    Human beings with diminished decision-making capacities are usually thought to require greater protections from the potential harms of research than fully autonomous persons. Animal subjects of research receive lesser protections than any human beings regardless of decision-making capacity. Paradoxically, however, it is precisely animals’ lack of some characteristic human capacities that is commonly invoked to justify using them for human purposes. In other words, for humans lesser capacities correspond to greater protections but for animals the opposite is true. Without explicit (...)
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  8.  21
    Artificial Grammar Learning by 1-Year-Olds Leads to Specific and Abstract Knowledge.Rebecca L. Gomez & LouAnn Gerken - 1999 - Cognition 70 (2):109-135.
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  9.  69
    Because Hitler Did It! Quantitative Tests of Bayesian Argumentation Using Ad Hominem.Adam J. L. Harris, Anne S. Hsu & Jens K. Madsen - 2012 - Thinking and Reasoning 18 (3):311 - 343.
    Bayesian probability has recently been proposed as a normative theory of argumentation. In this article, we provide a Bayesian formalisation of the ad Hitlerum argument, as a special case of the ad hominem argument. Across three experiments, we demonstrate that people's evaluation of the argument is sensitive to probabilistic factors deemed relevant on a Bayesian formalisation. Moreover, we provide the first parameter-free quantitative evidence in favour of the Bayesian approach to argumentation. Quantitative Bayesian prescriptions were derived from participants' stated subjective (...)
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  10.  19
    Overrepresentation of Extreme Events in Decision Making Reflects Rational Use of Cognitive Resources.Lieder Falk, L. Griffiths Thomas & Hsu Ming - 2018 - Psychological Review 125 (1):1-32.
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  11. Respect for Rational Autonomy.Rebecca L. Walker - 2009 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 19 (4):pp. 339-366.
  12.  11
    Simultaneous Segmentation and Generalisation of Non-Adjacent Dependencies From Continuous Speech.Rebecca L. A. Frost & Padraic Monaghan - 2016 - Cognition 147:70-74.
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  13.  18
    Diversity in Agricultural Technology Adoption: How Are Automatic Milking Systems Used and to What End?Rebecca L. Schewe & Diana Stuart - 2015 - Agriculture and Human Values 32 (2):199-213.
    Adoption of technology in agriculture can significantly reorganize production and relationships amongst humans, animals, technology, and the natural environment. However, the adoption of agricultural technology is not homogenous, and diversity in integration leads to a diversity of outcomes and impacts. In this study, we examine the adoption of automated milking systems in small and midsize dairy farms in the US Midwest, the Netherlands, and Denmark. In contrast to technological determinism, we find significant variation amongst adopters in the implementation of AMS (...)
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  14.  9
    Temporizing After Spinal Cord Injury.Rebecca L. Volpe, Joshua S. Crites & Kristi L. Kirschner - 2015 - Hastings Center Report 45 (2):8-10.
  15.  17
    Beyond Primates: Research Protections and Animal Moral Value.Rebecca L. Walker - 2016 - Hastings Center Report 46 (4):28-30.
    Should monkeys be used in painful and often deadly infectious disease research that may save many human lives? This is the challenging question that Anne Barnhill, Steven Joffe, and Franklin G. Miller take on in their carefully argued and compelling article “The Ethics of Infection Challenges in Primates.” The authors offer a nuanced and even-handed position that takes philosophical worries about nonhuman primate moral status seriously and still appreciates the very real value of such research for human welfare. Overall, they (...)
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  16.  21
    Virtue, Vice, and "Voracious" Science: How Should We Approach the Ethics of Primate Research?Rebecca L. Walker - 2018 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 61 (1):130-146.
    From the late 1950s through the early 1970s, Harry F. Harlow's primate laboratory at the University of Wisconsin–Madison undertook a series of studies on infant rhesus macaque monkeys that gained the attention of both animal welfare advocates and the scientific community.1 Establishing one of the first primate research laboratories in 1932, Harlow began his career as a primate researcher by studying primate learning capabilities and shredding previous assumptions within psychology that primates were restricted to the conditioned learning of a rat. (...)
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  17.  16
    Ode to Positive Constructive Daydreaming.Rebecca L. McMillan, Scott Barry Kaufman & Jerome L. Singer - 2013 - Frontiers in Psychology 4.
  18.  51
    Bioethics Methods in the Ethical, Legal, and Social Implications of the Human Genome Project Literature.Rebecca L. Walker & Clair Morrissey - 2014 - Bioethics 28 (9):481-490.
    While bioethics as a field has concerned itself with methodological issues since the early years, there has been no systematic examination of how ethics is incorporated into research on the Ethical, Legal and Social Implications of the Human Genome Project. Yet ELSI research may bear a particular burden of investigating and substantiating its methods given public funding, an explicitly cross-disciplinary approach, and the perceived significance of adequate responsiveness to advances in genomics. We undertook a qualitative content analysis of a sample (...)
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  19.  4
    Ancient China in Transition: An Analysis of Social Mobility, 722-222 B. C.Richard L. Walker & Cho-yun Hsu - 1966 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 86 (3):326.
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  20.  8
    Using Self-Generated Cues to Facilitate Recall: A Narrative Review.Rebecca L. Wheeler & Fiona Gabbert - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  21.  6
    Training Currently Practicing Members of the Ethics Consultation Service: One Institution's Experience.Rebecca L. Volpe - 2011 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 22 (3):217.
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  22.  5
    Genomic Research with the Newly Dead: A Crossroads for Ethics and Policy.Rebecca L. Walker, Eric T. Juengst, Warren Whipple & Arlene M. Davis - 2014 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 42 (2):220-231.
    Research uses of human bodies maintained by mechanical ventilation after being declared dead by neurological criteria, were first published in the early 1980s with a renewed interest in research on the newly or nearly dead occurring in about last decade. While this type of research may take many different forms, recent technologic advances in genomic sequencing along with high hopes for genomic medicine, have inspired interest in genomic research with the newly dead. For example, the Genotype-Tissue Expression program through the (...)
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  23.  9
    Exploring the Limits of Autonomy.Rebecca L. Volpe, Benjamin H. Levi, George F. Blackall & Michael J. Green - 2012 - Hastings Center Report 42 (3):16-18.
  24.  10
    Genomic Research with the Newly Dead: A Crossroads for Ethics and Policy.Rebecca L. Walker, Eric T. Juengst, Warren Whipple & Arlene M. Davis - 2014 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 42 (2):220-231.
    Recent advances in next generation sequencing along with high hopes for genomic medicine have inspired interest in genomic research with the newly dead. However, applicable law does not adequately determine ethical or policy responses to such research. In this paper we propose that such research stands at a crossroads between other more established biomedical clinical and research practices. In addressing the ethical and policy issues raised by a particular research project within our institution comparatively with these other practices, we illustrate (...)
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  25.  36
    Biodefense Research and the U.S. Regulatory Structure Whither Nonhuman Primate Moral Standing?L. Walker Rebecca & M. P. King Nancy - 2011 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 21 (3):277-310.
    Biodefense and emerging infectious disease animal research aims to avoid or ameliorate human disease, suffering, and death arising, or potentially arising, from natural outbreaks or intentional deployment of some of the world’s most dreaded pathogens. Top priority research goals include finding vaccines to prevent, diagnostic tools to detect, and medicines for smallpox, plague, ebola, anthrax, tularemia, and viral hemorrhagic fevers, among many other pathogens (National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases [NIAID] priority pathogens). To this end, increased funding for conducting (...)
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  26.  21
    Too Quick to Judge.Rebecca L. Volpe & Erica Rangel Salter - 2011 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 20 (4):612-614.
  27.  2
    The Public Health Value of Opioid Litigation.Rebecca L. Haffajee - 2020 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 48 (2):279-292.
    Opioid litigation continues a growing public health litigation trend in which governments seek to hold companies responsible for population harms related to their products. The litigation can serve to address gaps in regulatory and legislative policymaking and in market self-regulation pervasive in the prescription opioid domain. Moreover, prior opioid settlements have satisfied civil tort litigation objectives of obtaining compensation for injured parties, deterring harmful behavior, and holding certain opioid manufacturers, distributors and pharmacies accountable for their actions. In this way, opioid (...)
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  28.  2
    “If Only My Coworker Was More Ethical”: When Ethical and Performance Comparisons Lead to Negative Emotions, Social Undermining, and Ostracism.Matthew J. Quade, Rebecca L. Greenbaum & Mary B. Mawritz - 2019 - Journal of Business Ethics 159 (2):567-586.
    Drawing on social comparison theory, we investigate employees’ ethical and performance comparisons relative to a similar coworker and subsequent emotional and behavioral responses. We test our theoretically driven hypotheses across two studies. Study 1, a cross-sectional field study, reveals that employees who perceive they are more ethical than their coworkers experience negative emotions toward the comparison coworkers and those feelings are even stronger when the employees perceive they are lower performers than their coworkers. Results also reveal that negative emotions mediate (...)
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  29.  2
    Paying for Fairness? Incentives and Fair Subject Selection.Douglas MacKay & Rebecca L. Walker - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (3):35-37.
    In their Target Article, “Promoting Ethical Payment in Human Infection Challenge Studies,” Lynch et al. propose a framework for ethical payment to research participants and apply it to the c...
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  30. John Dewey's Philosophy of Education is Alive and Well.Rebecca L. Carver & Richard P. Enfield - 2006 - Education and Culture 22 (1):55-67.
    : Offering an introduction to both John Dewey's philosophy of education and the 4-H Youth Development Program, this paper draws clear connections between these two topics. Concepts explored include Dewey's principles of continuity and interaction, and contagion with respect to learning. Roles of educational leaders (including teachers) are investigated in the context of a discussion about the structuring of opportunities for students to develop habits of meaningful and life-long learning. Specific examples are described in depth to demonstrate, from a Deweyan (...)
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  31.  20
    My Boss is Morally Disengaged: The Role of Ethical Leadership in Explaining the Interactive Effect of Supervisor and Employee Moral Disengagement on Employee Behaviors.Julena M. Bonner, Rebecca L. Greenbaum & David M. Mayer - 2016 - Journal of Business Ethics 137 (4):731-742.
    The popular press is often fraught with high-profile illustrations of leader unethical conduct within corporations. Leader unethical conduct is undesirable for many reasons, but in terms of managing subordinates, it is particularly problematic because leaders directly influence the ethics of their followers. Yet, we know relatively little about why leaders fail to apply ethical leadership practices. We argue that some leaders cognitively remove the personal sanctions associated with misconduct, which provides them with the “freedom” to ignore ethical shortcomings. Drawing on (...)
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  32.  16
    Constrained Choice and Climate Change Mitigation in US Agriculture: Structural Barriers to a Climate Change Ethic.Diana Stuart & Rebecca L. Schewe - 2016 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 29 (3):369-385.
    This paper examines structural barriers to the adoption of climate change mitigation practices and the evolution of a climate change ethic among American farmers. It examines how seed corn contracts in Michigan constrain the choices of farmers and allow farmers to rationalize the over-application of fertilizer and associated water pollution and greenhouse gas emissions. Seed corn contracts use a competitive “tournament” system where farmers are rewarded for maximizing yields. Interviews and a focus group were used to understand fertilizer over-application and (...)
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  33.  15
    The Ethics of General Population Preventive Genomic Sequencing: Rights and Social Justice.Clair Morrissey & Rebecca L. Walker - 2018 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 43 (1):22-43.
    Advances in DNA sequencing technology open new possibilities for public health genomics, especially in the form of general population preventive genomic sequencing. Such screening programs would sit at the intersection of public health and preventive health care, and thereby at once invite and resist the use of clinical ethics and public health ethics frameworks. Despite their differences, these ethics frameworks traditionally share a central concern for individual rights. We examine two putative individual rights—the right not to know, and the child’s (...)
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  34.  25
    Alternative Food Networks and Food Provisioning as a Gendered Act.Rebecca L. Som Castellano - 2015 - Agriculture and Human Values 32 (3):461-474.
    Alternative food networks are exemplified by organic, fair trade and local foods, and promote forms of food provisioning that are ‘corrective’ to conventional agriculture and food systems. Despite enthusiasm for AFNs, scholars have increasingly interrogated whether inequalities are perpetuated by AFNs. Reproduction of gender inequality in AFNs, particularly at the level of consumption, has often been left empirically unexamined, however. This is problematic given that women continue to be predominantly responsible for food provisioning in the US, and that this responsibility (...)
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  35.  13
    Locus of Thematic Effects in Retention of Prose.D. James Dooling & Rebecca L. Mullet - 1973 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 97 (3):404.
  36.  22
    International Practices in the Provision of Teratology Information: A Survey of International Teratogen Information Programmes and Comparisons with the North American Model.Rebecca L. Hancock, Wendy J. Ungar, Adrienne Einarson & Gideon Koren - 2010 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 16 (5):957-963.
  37.  8
    Emotion Effects During Reading: Influence of an Emotion Target Word on Eye Movements and Processing.Hugh Knickerbocker, Rebecca L. Johnson & Jeanette Altarriba - 2015 - Cognition and Emotion 29 (5):784-806.
  38.  7
    Employee Entitlement, Engagement, and Performance: The Moderating Effect of Ethical Leadership.Toby Joplin, Rebecca L. Greenbaum, J. Craig Wallace & Bryan D. Edwards - 2019 - Journal of Business Ethics 168 (4):813-826.
    Drawing on theoretical arguments from the psychology discipline, we investigate the implications of employee entitlement in organizational settings. Specifically, we utilize workplace engagement theory to suggest that due to their skewed sense of deservingness, employees high in entitlement are less likely to experience workplace engagement. Furthermore, the negative relationship between employee entitlement and workplace engagement is strengthened when ethical leadership is low, yet mitigated when ethical leadership is high. Finally, we predict that under conditions of low ethical leadership, reductions in (...)
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  39.  50
    The English Surgeon. 2008. Produced and Directed by Geoffrey Smith. Eyeline Films and Bungalow Town Productions. English and Ukrainian, with English Subtitles. 1 Hour 33 Minutes. Http://Www.Theenglishsurgeon.Com. [REVIEW]Rebecca L. Volpe - 2010 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 7 (2):261-262.
    The English Surgeon . 2008. Produced and directed by Geoffrey Smith. Eyeline Films and Bungalow Town Productions. English and Ukrainian, with English subtitles. 1 hour 33 minutes. http://www.theenglishsurgeon.com Content Type Journal Article DOI 10.1007/s11673-010-9225-7 Authors Rebecca L. Volpe, California Pacific Medical Center Clinical Ethics Fellow, Program in Medicine & Human Values 2395 Sacramento Street, 3rd floor San Francisco CA 94115 USA Journal Journal of Bioethical Inquiry Online ISSN 1872-4353 Print ISSN 1176-7529 Journal Volume Volume 7 Journal Issue Volume 7, (...)
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  40.  26
    The Role of Prior Experience in Language Acquisition.Jill Lany, Rebecca L. Gómez & Lou Ann Gerken - 2007 - Cognitive Science 31 (3):481-507.
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  41.  31
    After the Suicide Attempt: Offering Patients Another Chance.George F. Blackall, Rebecca L. Volpe & Michael J. Green - 2013 - American Journal of Bioethics 13 (3):14 - 16.
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  42.  39
    Rebecca L. R. Garber, Feminine Figurae: Representations of Gender in Religious Texts by Medieval German Women Writers, 1100–1375. New York and London: Routledge, 2002. Pp. Xvii, 295; 2 Black-and-White Illustrations. $85. [REVIEW]Anne L. Clark - 2005 - Speculum 80 (1):226-228.
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  43.  71
    Examining the Link Between Ethical Leadership and Employee Misconduct: The Mediating Role of Ethical Climate. [REVIEW]David M. Mayer, Maribeth Kuenzi & Rebecca L. Greenbaum - 2010 - Journal of Business Ethics 95 (1):7-16.
    Drawing on theory and research on ethical leadership and ethical climate, we examine ethical climate as a mediator of the relationship between ethical leadership and employee misconduct. Using a sample of 1,525 employees and their supervisors in 300 units in different organizations, we find support for our hypothesized model. We discuss theoretical and practical implications of these findings.
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  44.  2
    Softly but Surely: A New Perspective on Transcriptional Repression.Rebecca L. Plessel & Gregory David - 2021 - Bioessays 43 (2):2000326.
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  45.  20
    Yes: Visiting the Patient Helps to Fulfill Obligations of Fairness and to Avoid Paternalism. [REVIEW]Rebecca L. Pruitt - 1991 - HEC Forum 3 (1):23-25.
  46. Rebecca L. Spang, The Invention of the Restaurant: Paris and Modern Gastronomic Culture JM Coetzee, The Lives of Animals.K. Soper - forthcoming - Radical Philosophy.
     
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  47. Rousseau in the Restaurant. [REVIEW]Rebecca L. Spang - 1996 - Common Knowledge 5:92-108.
     
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  48. Rebecca L. Walker and Philip J. Ivanhoe, Eds., Working Virtue: Virtue Ethics and Contemporary Moral Problems.Albert D. Spalding - 2009 - Philosophy in Review 29 (5):383.
     
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  49.  38
    Israeli Leisure, 'Palestinian Terror,' and The Question of Palestine (Again).Rebecca L. Stein - 2002 - Theory and Event 6 (3).
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  50.  17
    Impossible Witness: Israeli Visuality, Palestinian Testimony and the Gaza War.Rebecca L. Stein - 2012 - Journal for Cultural Research 16 (2-3):135-153.
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