Results for 'Rebecca Lea Morris'

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  1.  17
    Motivated Proofs: What They Are, Why They Matter and How to Write Them.Rebecca Lea Morris - 2020 - Review of Symbolic Logic 13 (1):23-46.
    Mathematicians judge proofs to possess, or lack, a variety of different qualities, including, for example, explanatory power, depth, purity, beauty and fit. Philosophers of mathematical practice have begun to investigate the nature of such qualities. However, mathematicians frequently draw attention to another desirable proof quality: being motivated. Intuitively, motivated proofs contain no "puzzling" steps, but they have received little further analysis. In this paper, I begin a philosophical investigation into motivated proofs. I suggest that a proof is motivated if and (...)
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  2.  10
    Intellectual generosity and the reward structure of mathematics.Rebecca Lea Morris - forthcoming - Synthese:1-23.
    Prominent mathematician William Thurston was praised by other mathematicians for his intellectual generosity. But what does it mean to say Thurston was intellectually generous? And is being intellectually generous beneficial? To answer these questions I turn to virtue epistemology and, in particular, Roberts and Wood's (2007) analysis of intellectual generosity. By appealing to Thurston's own writings and interviewing mathematicians who knew and worked with him, I argue that Roberts and Wood's analysis nicely captures the sense in which he was intellectually (...)
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  3. Plans and Planning in Mathematical Proofs.Yacin Hamami & Rebecca Morris - forthcoming - Review of Symbolic Logic.
    In practice, mathematical proofs are most often the result of careful planning by the agents who produced them. As a consequence, each mathematical proof inherits a plan in virtue of the way it is produced, a plan which underlies its “architecture” or “unity”. This paper provides an account of plans and planning in the context of mathematical proofs. The approach adopted here consists in looking for these notions not in mathematical proofs themselves, but in the agents who produced them. The (...)
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  4.  23
    Do Mathematical Explanations Have Instrumental Value?Rebecca Morris - 2019 - Synthese:1-20.
    Scientific explanations are widely recognized to have instrumental value by helping scientists make predictions and control their environment. In this paper I raise, and provide a first analysis of, the question whether explanatory proofs in mathematics have analogous instrumental value. I first identify an important goal in mathematical practice: reusing resources from existing proofs to solve new problems. I then consider the more specific question: do explanatory proofs have instrumental value by promoting reuse of the resources they contain? In general, (...)
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  5.  19
    Character and Object.Rebecca Morris & Jeremy Avigad - 2016 - Review of Symbolic Logic 9 (3):480-510.
    In 1837, Dirichlet proved that there are infinitely many primes in any arithmetic progression in which the terms do not all share a common factor. Modern presentations of the proof are explicitly higher-order, in that they involve quantifying over and summing over Dirichlet characters, which are certain types of functions. The notion of a character is only implicit in Dirichlet’s original proof, and the subsequent history shows a very gradual transition to the modern mode of presentation. In this essay, we (...)
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  6.  12
    The Concept of “Character” in Dirichlet’s Theorem on Primes in an Arithmetic Progression.Jeremy Avigad & Rebecca Morris - 2014 - Archive for History of Exact Sciences 68 (3):265-326.
    In 1837, Dirichlet proved that there are infinitely many primes in any arithmetic progression in which the terms do not all share a common factor. We survey implicit and explicit uses ofDirichlet characters in presentations of Dirichlet’s proof in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, with an eye toward understanding some of the pragmatic pressures that shaped the evolution of modern mathematical method.
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  7.  5
    Philosophy of Mathematical Practice: A Primer for Mathematics Educators.Yacin Hamami & Rebecca Morris - forthcoming - ZDM Mathematics Education.
    In recent years, philosophical work directly concerned with the practice of mathematics has intensified, giving rise to a movement known as the philosophy of mathematical practice . In this paper we offer a survey of this movement aimed at mathematics educators. We first describe the core questions philosophers of mathematical practice investigate as well as the philosophical methods they use to tackle them. We then provide a selective overview of work in the philosophy of mathematical practice covering topics including the (...)
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  8.  20
    Opinion: Reproducibility Failures Are Essential to Scientific Inquiry.A. David Redish, Erich Kummerfeld, Rebecca Morris & Alan Love - 2018 - Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 115 (20):5042-5046.
    Current fears of a “reproducibility crisis” have led researchers, sources of scientific funding, and the public to question both the efficacy and trustworthiness of science. Suggested policy changes have been focused on statistical problems, such as p-hacking, and issues of experimental design and execution. However, “reproducibility” is a broad concept that includes a number of issues. Furthermore, reproducibility failures occur even in fields such as mathematics or computer science that do not have statistical problems or issues with experimental design. Most (...)
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  9.  22
    Dedekind’s Structuralism: Creating Concepts and Deriving Theorems.Wilfried Sieg & Rebecca Morris - 2018 - In Erich Reck (ed.), Logic, Philosophy of Mathematics, and their History: Essays in Honor W.W. Tait. College Publications.
    Dedekind’s structuralism is a crucial source for the structuralism of mathematical practice—with its focus on abstract concepts like groups and fields. It plays an equally central role for the structuralism of philosophical analysis—with its focus on particular mathematical objects like natural and real numbers. Tensions between these structuralisms are palpable in Dedekind’s work, but are resolved in his essay Was sind und was sollen die Zahlen? In a radical shift, Dedekind extends his mathematical approach to “the” natural numbers. He creates (...)
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  10.  10
    What is Orthopaedic Triage? A Systematic Review.Joanne H. Morris, Rebecca E. James, Rachel Davey & Gordon Waddington - 2015 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 21 (1):128-136.
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  11. A Speech by Mr. William Morris From the Cambridge Chronicle, 23 February 1878.William Morris - 1996
  12. The Earthly Paradise by William Morris.William Morris - 2001 - Routledge.
    This annotated critical edition is the first attempt to make Morris's 42,000-word verse sequence accessible to a modern audience.
     
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  13. The Henry Morris Collection.Henry Morris - 1984 - Cambridge University Press.
    Henry Morris (1889-1961), the great educational philosopher, and initiator of the integrated community educational centre - embodied in the Cambridgeshire village college system - was county education officer and had his first 'memorandum' on the concept of community education printed by the Cambridge University Press. 1984 is both the 60th anniversary of his first memorandum and the 400th anniversary of the Press and this commemorative book will be published to coincide with a number of events to celebrate that. The (...)
     
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  14.  86
    The Very Idea of Popular Sovereignty: “We the People” Reconsidered*: CHRISTOPHER W. MORRIS.Christopher W. Morris - 2000 - Social Philosophy and Policy 17 (1):1-26.
    The sovereignty of the people, it is widely said, is the foundation of modern democracy. The truth of this claim depends on the plausibility of attributing sovereignty to “the people” in the first place, and I shall express skepticism about this possibility. I shall suggest as well that the notion of popular sovereignty is complex, and that appeals to the notion may be best understood as expressing several different ideas and ideals. This essay distinguishes many of these and suggests that (...)
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  15.  54
    The Relation Between Self-Interest and Justice in Contractarian Ethics*: CHRISTOPHER W. MORRIS.Christopher W. Morris - 1988 - Social Philosophy and Policy 5 (2):119-153.
    One of the most noteworthy features of David Gauthier's rational choice, contractarian theory of morality is its appeal to self-interested rationality. This appeal, however, will undoubtedly be the source of much controversy and criticism. For while self-interestedness is characteristic of much human behavior, it is not characteristic of all such behavior, much less of that which is most admirable. Yet contractarian ethics appears to assume that humans are entirely self-interested. It is not usually thought a virtue of a theory that (...)
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  16.  29
    On God and Mann: A View of Divine Simplicity: THOMAS V. MORRIS.Thomas V. Morris - 1985 - Religious Studies 21 (3):299-318.
    One of the most difficult and perplexing tenets of classical theism is the doctrine of divine simplicity. Broadly put, this is generally understood to be the thesis that God is altogether without any proper parts, composition, or metaphysical complexity whatsoever. For a good deal more than a millennium, veritable armies of philosophical theologians – Jewish, Christian and Islamic – proclaimed the truth and importance of divine simplicity. Yet in our own time, the doctrine has enjoyed no such support. Among many (...)
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  17. Political Writings of William Morris.William Morris & A. L. Morton - 1984 - Science and Society 48 (4):496-499.
  18.  27
    The Social Dynamics of George H. Mead. By Charles Morris.Charles Morris - 1956 - Ethics 67 (2):145-146.
  19.  29
    Actuality and Possibility: W. E. Morris.W. E. Morris - 1980 - Philosophy 55 (211):57-72.
    Philosophy, according to a prominent conception of its nature and method, consists primarily of conceptual or linguistic analysis. Because the relations between concepts are logical, and because the propositions which express them are necessary, philosophy is taken to be an a priori activity.
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  20. The Philosophy of the Act. Edited, with Introd. By Charles W. Morris in Collaboration with John M. Brewster, Albert M. Dunham [and] David L. Miller.George Herbert Mead, John Monroe Brewster, Albert Millard Dunham, David L. Miller & Charles William Morris - 1967 - University of Chicago Press.
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  21.  29
    Tributes to Kathleen Marguerite Lea, 1903-1995.Judith Lea, Clalire McLaughlin & Anthony de Vere - 1996 - The Chesterton Review 22 (3):377-382.
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  22.  15
    Continuous Project Altered Daily: The Writings of Robert Morris.Robert Morris - 1997 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 55 (4):449-451.
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  23.  15
    Professor Morris's Lectures on Philosophy and Christianity.George S. Morris - 1883 - Journal of Speculative Philosophy 17 (2):215 - 220.
  24.  11
    Divinity, Humanity, and Death: THOMAS V. MORRIS.Thomas V. Morris - 1983 - Religious Studies 19 (4):451-458.
    In an article which appeared a few years ago, entitled ‘God's Death’ , A.D. Smith launched one of the most interesting of recent attacks on the traditional doctrine of the Incarnation. Focusing on the death of Christ, he claimed to demonstrate the logical impossibility of Jesus having been both human and divine. Each of the premises of his argument was said to be a commitment of orthodox theology. He thus presented his reasoning as displaying an internal incoherence in that way (...)
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  25. Descartes Dictionary. Translated and Edited by John M. Morris. --.René Descartes & John Martin Morris - 1971 - Philosophical Library.
     
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  26. Mr. William Morris on Art Matters.William Morris & William Morris Society - 1961 - William Morris Society.
     
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  27. The Great Legal Philosophers Selected Readings in Jurisprudence; Edited by Clarence Morris. --.Clarence Morris - 1963 - University of Pennsylvania Press.
     
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  28. William Morris on Art & Design.William Morris & Christine Poulson - 1996
     
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  29. Foundations of the Unity of Science Toward an International Encyclopedia of Unified Science. Edited by Otto Neurath, Rudolf Carnap [and] Charles Morris. --.Otto Neurath, Charles William Morris & Rudolf Carnap - 1971 - University of Chicago Press.
     
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  30. A History of Philosophy, From Thales to the Present Time. Tr. By G.S. Morris, with Additions by N. Porter.Friedrich Ueberweg & George Sylvester Morris - 1872
     
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  31. Iskusstvo I Zhizn Izbrannye Stat I, Lektsii, Rechi, Pis Ma.William Morris, Aleksandr Abramovich Anikst, V. A. Smirnov & E. V. Kornilova - 1973 - Iskusstvo.
  32. Religion & Reason a Symposium.J. Douglas Rabb & William Sparkes Morris - 1983
     
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  33.  33
    The Good and the True.Michael Morris - 1992 - Oxford University Press.
    This book provides a radical alternative to naturalistic theories of content, and offers a new conception of the place of mind in the world. Confronting the scientific conception of the nature of reality that has dominated the Anglo-American philosophical tradition, Morris presents a detailed analysis of content and propositional attitudes based on the idea that truth is a value. He rejects the causal theory of the explanation of behavior and replaces it with an alternative that depends upon a rich (...)
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  34. Descartes' Dualism.Gordon Baker & Katherine Morris - 1995 - Routledge.
    Was Descartes a Cartesian Dualist? In this controversial study, Gordon Baker and Katherine J. Morris argue that, despite the general consensus within philosophy, Descartes was neither a proponent of dualism nor guilty of the many crimes of which he has been accused by twentieth century philosophers. In lively and engaging prose, Baker and Morris present a radical revision of the ways in which Descartes' work has been interpreted. Descartes emerges with both his historical importance assured and his philosophical (...)
     
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  35. An Introduction to the Philosophy of Language.Michael Morris - 2006 - Cambridge University Press.
    In this textbook, Michael Morris offers a critical introduction to the central issues of the philosophy of language. Each chapter focusses on one or two texts which have had a seminal influence on work in the subject, and uses these as a way of approaching both the central topics and the various traditions of dealing with them. Texts include classic writings by Frege, Russell, Kripke, Quine, Davidson, Austin, Grice and Wittgenstein. Theoretical jargon is kept to a minimum and is (...)
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  36.  30
    Routledge Philosophy Guidebook to Wittgenstein and the Tractatus.Michael Morris - 2005 - Routledge.
    Written by a leading expert, this is the ideal guide to the only book Wittgenstein published during his lifetime, the _Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus_. Michael Morris makes sense of Wittgenstein’s brief but often cryptic text, highlighting its key themes. He introduces and analyzes: Wittgenstein’s life and the background to the _Tractatus_ the ideas and text of the _Tractatus_ the continuing importance of Wittgenstein's work to philosophy today, Wittgenstein is the most important twentieth-century philosopher in the English speaking world. This book will (...)
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  37. Quine, New Foundations, and the Philosophy of Set Theory.Sean Morris - 2018 - Cambridge University Press.
    Quine's set theory, New Foundations, has often been treated as an anomaly in the history and philosophy of set theory. In this book, Sean Morris shows that it is in fact well-motivated, emerging in a natural way from the early development of set theory. Morris introduces and explores the notion of set theory as explication: the view that there is no single correct axiomatization of set theory, but rather that the various axiomatizations all serve to explicate the notion (...)
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  38.  79
    State Coercion and Force.Christopher W. Morris - 2012 - Social Philosophy and Policy 29 (1):28-49.
    Research Articles Christopher W. Morris, Social Philosophy and Policy, FirstView Article.
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  39. An Essay on the Modern State.Christopher W. Morris - 1998 - Cambridge University Press.
    This important book is the first serious philosophical examination of the modern state. It inquires into the justification of this particular form of political society. It asks whether all states are 'nation-states', what are the alternative ways of organizing society, and which conditions make a state legitimate. The author concludes that, while states can be legitimate, they typically fail to have the powers that they claim. Many books analyze government and its functions but none focuses on the state as a (...)
     
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  40.  95
    The Substance Argument of Wittgenstein’s Tractatus.Michael Morris - 2016 - Journal for the History of Analytical Philosophy 4 (7).
    In Morris I presented in outline a new interpretation of the famous ‘substance argument’ in Wittgenstein’s Tractatus. The account I presented there gave a distinctive view of Wittgenstein’s main concerns in the argument, but did not explain in detail how the argument works: how its steps are to be found in the text, and how it concludes. I remain convinced that the interpretation I proposed correctly identifies the main concerns which lie behind the argument. I return to the argument (...)
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  41. The Future of the Humanities in Today's Financial Markets.David Lea - 2014 - Educational Theory 64 (3):261-283.
    In this essay David Lea approaches the decline in the study and teaching of the humanities within the university context from a financial perspective. As humanities departments are either closed down or have their curriculum attenuated, it is obvious that the revenue previously available to support such programs has not been forthcoming. This change is often explained as the result of cost cutting necessary during periods of financial crisis, but this justification is belied by the fact that while the humanities (...)
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  42.  52
    The Discovery of the Individual, 1050-1200.Colin Morris - 1972 - University of Toronto Press in Association with the Medieval Academy of America.
    Colin Morris traces the origin of the concept of the individual, not to the Renaissance where it is popularly assumed to have been invented, but farther back, ...
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  43. The Economic Psychology of Everyday Life.Paul Webley, Carole Burgoyne, Stephen Lea & Brian Young - 2001 - Psychology Press.
    From childhood through to adulthood, retirement and finally death, _The Economic Psychology of Everyday Life_ uniquely explores the economic problems all individuals have to solve across the course of their lives. Webley, Burgoyne, Lea and Young begin by introducing the concept of economic behaviour and its study. They then examine the main economic issues faced at each life stage, including: * the impact of advertising on children * buying a first house and setting up home * changing family roles and (...)
     
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  44.  46
    The Evolution of Cooperative Behavior and its Implications for Ethics.Stephen G. Morris - 2009 - Philosophy of Science 76 (5):915-926.
    While many philosophers agree that evolutionary theory has important implications for the study of ethics, there has been no consensus on what these implications are. I argue that we can better understand these implications by examining two related yet distinct issues in evolutionary theory: the evolution of our moral beliefs and the evolution of cooperative behavior. While the prevailing evolutionary account of morality poses a threat to moral realism, a plausible model of how altruism evolved in human beings provides the (...)
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  45.  12
    SBNR: Spiritual but Not Religious - an Alternative View.Brian Morris - 2016 - Australian Humanist, The 124:12.
    Morris, Brian The dust has not settled on this year's disastrous Census, yet already there are calls to amend the question on Religious Affiliation. While the latest change brought Australia into line with most Western countries - by placing 'No Religion' as first option - elements of the 'not-quite-religious' community feel bitterly aggrieved.
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  46.  16
    The Writing of Organic Fiction: A Conversation.Wright Morris & Wayne C. Booth - 1976 - Critical Inquiry 3 (2):387-404.
    MORRIS: But come back to that other kind of fiction, in which the author himself is involved with his works, not merely in writing something for other people but in writing what seems to be necessary to his conscious existence, to his sense of well-being. For such a writer, when he finished with something he finishes with it; he is not left with continuations that he can go on knitting until he runs out of yarn. This conceit reflects my (...)
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  47.  11
    Words and Images in Modernism and Postmodernism.Robert Morris - 1989 - Critical Inquiry 15 (2):337-347.
    To speak of the nature of an image is to initiate a problematic second only to that raised by considerations of the nature of language. To inquire into the relations between image and language is to step into a very old philosophical problem. Nevertheless, I would hope at least to approach the edge of such an encounter in the attempt to see what relevance it might have for recent past art. Certainly the term “image” has had a long and embattled (...)
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  48. Knowledge and Ideology: The Epistemology of Social and Political Critique.Michael Morris - 2016 - Cambridge University Press.
    Ideology critique generally seeks to undermine selected theories and beliefs by demonstrating their partisan origins and their insidious social functions. This approach rightly reveals the socially implicated nature of much purported knowledge, but also brackets or bypasses its cognitive properties. In contrast, Michael Morris argues that it is possible to integrate the social and epistemic dimensions of belief in a way that preserves the cognitive and adjudicatory capacities of reason, while acknowledging that reason itself is inevitably social, historical, and (...)
     
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  49.  21
    Merleau-Ponty's Developmental Ontology.David Morris - 2019 - Carbondale, IL, USA: Northwestern University Press.
    Merleau-Ponty's Developmental Ontology shows how the philosophy of Maurice Merleau-Ponty, from its very beginnings, seeks to find sense or meaning within nature, and how this quest calls for and develops into a radically new ontology. -/- David Morris first gives an illuminating analysis of sense, showing how it requires understanding nature as engendering new norms. He then presents innovative studies of Merleau-Ponty's The Structure of Behavior and Phenomenology of Perception, revealing how these early works are oriented by the problem (...)
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  50.  45
    Physicalism Deconstructed: Levels of Reality and the Mind–Body Problem.Kevin Morris - 2018 - Cambridge University Press.
    How should thought and consciousness be understood within a view of the world as being through-and-through physical? Many philosophers have proposed non-reductive, levels-based positions, according to which the physical domain is fundamental, while thought and consciousness are higher-level processes, dependent on and determined by physical processes. In this book, Kevin Morris's careful philosophical and historical critique shows that it is very difficult to make good metaphysical sense of this idea - notions like supervenience, physical realization, and grounding all fail (...)
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