Results for 'Rebecca Roman Hanrahan'

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  1. Consciousness and Modal Empiricism.Rebecca Roman Hanrahan - 2009 - Philosophia 37 (2):281-306.
    David Chalmers supports his contention that there is a possible world populated by our zombie twins by arguing for the assumption that conceivability entails possibility. But, I argue, the modal epistemology he sets forth, ‘modal rationalism,’ ignores the problem of incompleteness and relies on an idealized notion of conceivability. As a consequence, this epistemology can’t justify our quotidian judgments of possibility, let alone those judgments that concern the mind/body connection. Working from the analogy that the imagination is to the possible (...)
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  2. Evidence for Possibility.Rebecca Roman Hanrahan - 1998 - Dissertation, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
    Consider the claim: Our actions are free if and only if we could have done otherwise; or the claim, We are essentially mental substances because we can exist without our bodies. Both of these claims, along with countless others, employ a notion of possibility. If this notion is to have a place in philosophy, we must be able to justify our modal claims. We need an epistemology of possibility. It is often assumed that the imagination is the key here. The (...)
     
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  3. Imagination and Possibility.Rebecca Hanrahan - 2007 - Philosophical Forum 38 (2):125–146.
  4. Because I Said So: Toward a Feminist Theory of Authority.Rebecca Hanrahan & Louise Antony - 2000 - Hypatia 20 (4):59-79.
    : Feminism is an antiauthoritarian movement that has sought to unmask many traditional "authorities" as ungrounded. Given this, it might seem as if feminists are required to abandon the concept of authority altogether. But, we argue, the exercise of authority enables us to coordinate our efforts to achieve larger social goods and, hence, should be preserved. Instead, what is needed and what we provide for here is a way to distinguish legitimate authority from objectionable authoritarianism.
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  5.  16
    Because I Said So: Toward a Feminist Theory of Authority.Rebecca Hanrahan & Louise Antony - 2005 - Hypatia 20 (4):59-79.
    Feminism is an antiauthoritarian movement that has sought to unmask many traditional “authorities” as ungrounded. Given this, it might seem as if feminists are required to abandon the concept of authority altogether. But, we argue, the exercise of authority enables us to coordinate our efforts to achieve larger social goods and, hence, should be preserved. Instead, what is needed and what we provide for here is a way to distinguish legitimate authority from objectionable authoritarianism.
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  6.  7
    Because I Said So: Toward a Feminist Theory of Authority.Rebecca Hanrahan & Louise Antony - 2005 - Hypatia 20 (4):59-79.
    Feminism is an antiauthoritarian movement that has sought to unmask many traditional “authorities” as ungrounded. Given this, it might seem as if feminists are required to abandon the concept of authority altogether. But, we argue, the exercise of authority enables us to coordinate our efforts to achieve larger social goods and, hence, should be preserved. Instead, what is needed and what we provide for here is a way to distinguish legitimate authority from objectionable authoritarianism.
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  7.  26
    Dog Duty.Rebecca Hanrahan - 2007 - Society and Animals 15 (4):379-399.
    Burgess-Jackson argues that the duties we have to our companion animals are similar to the duties we have to our children. Specifically, he argues that a person who takes custody of either a nonhuman animal or a child elevates the moral status of the child or animal, endowing each with rights neither had before. These rights obligate that person to provide for the well being of the creature—animal or child—in question. This paper offers two arguments against this position. First, a (...)
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  8.  67
    Getting God Out of Our (Modal) Business.Rebecca Hanrahan - 2009 - Sophia 48 (4):379-391.
    Some hold that if we can imagine God creating a world in which a particular proposition (p) is true, then we can conclude that p is possible. I argue that such appeals to God can’t provide us with a guide to possibility. For either God’s powers aren’t co-extensive with the possible or they are. And if they are, these appeals either beg the question or court a version of Euthyphro’s Dilemma. Some may argue that such appeals were only intended to (...)
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  9.  57
    The Problem with Zombies.Rebecca Hanrahan - 2008 - Philosophy Now 67:25-27.
  10. Epistemology and Possibility.Rebecca Hanrahan - 2005 - Dialogue 44 (4):627-652.
    ABSTRACT: Recently the discussion surrounding the conceivability thesis has been less about the link between conceivability and possibility per se and more about the requirements of a successful physicalist program. But before entering this debate it is necessary to consider whether conceivability provides us with even prima facie justification for our modal beliefs. I argue that two methods of conceiving—imagining that p and telling a story about p—can provide us with such justification, but only if certain requirements are met. To (...)
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  11.  19
    The Actual and the Possible.Rebecca Hanrahan - 2017 - Journal of Philosophical Research 42:223-242.
    We can safely infer that a proposition is possible if p is the case. But, I argue, this inference from the actual to the possible is merely explicative in nature, though we employ it at times as if it were ampliative. To make this inference ampliative, we need to include an inference to the best explanation. Specifically, we can draw a substantive conclusion as to whether p is possible from the fact that p is the case, if via our best (...)
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  12.  54
    The Decision to Abort.Rebecca Hanrahan - 2007 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 21 (1):25-41.
    Is a woman ever morally obligated to forgo an abortion for the sake of the man who has impregnated her? In “Fathers and Fetuses,” George Harris contends that in some situations women are so obligated. Harris argues that a woman who lies to her partner about her desire to have children, becomes pregnant, and then decides to abort, will, if she acts on this decision, violate her partner’s autonomy and harm him in so far as she will harm his fetus. (...)
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  13.  45
    D. Liebs Summoned to the Roman Courts. Famous Trials From Antiquity. Translated by Rebecca L.R. Garber and Carole Gustely Cürten. Pp. Viii + 274. Berkeley, Los Angeles and London: University of California Press, 2012. Cased, £41.95, US$60. ISBN: 978-0-520-25962-1. [REVIEW]Ari Z. Bryen - 2013 - The Classical Review 63 (2):534-536.
  14.  36
    Roman Morality - Morgan Popular Morality in the Early Roman Empire. Pp. Xiv + 380, Figs. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007. Cased, £55, US$99. ISBN: 978-0-521-87553-0. [REVIEW]Rebecca Langlands - 2010 - The Classical Review 60 (1):237-239.
  15.  25
    Algra, Keimpe, Jonathan Barnes, Jaap Mansfeld, and Malcolm Schofield, Eds. The Cambridge History of Hellenic Philosophy. 1999. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005. Xx+ 916 Pp. Paper $48. Allen, Joel. Hostages and Hostage-Taking in the Roman Empire. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2006. Xiv+ 291 Pp. Cloth, $80. [REVIEW]Rebecca Armstrong, Shadi Bartsch & Roger Beck - 2006 - American Journal of Philology 127:619-624.
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  16.  37
    Bluestockings E. A. Hemelrijk: Matrona Docta. Educated Women in the Roman Élite From Cornelia to Julia Domna . Pp. Xvi + 382, Pls. London and New York: Routledge, 1999. Cased, £55. ISBN: 0-415-19693-. [REVIEW]Rebecca Flemming - 2001 - The Classical Review 51 (01):130-.
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  17.  26
    The Economy of Crete A. Chaniotis (Ed.): From Minoan Farmers to Roman Traders: Sidelights on the Economy of Ancient Crete . Pp. Lx + 391, Tables, Maps, Figs. Stuttgart: Franz Steiner Verlag, 1999. Paper, DM 148. ISBN: 3-515-07621-. [REVIEW]Rebecca Sweetman - 2001 - The Classical Review 51 (01):132-.
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  18.  24
    Religious Exempla H. F. Mueller: Roman Religion in Valerius Maximus . Pp. XV + 266. London and New York: Routledge, 2002. Cased, £50. Isbn: 0-415-27108-. [REVIEW]Rebecca Langlands - 2004 - The Classical Review 54 (02):397-.
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  19.  20
    Roman Honour C. A. Barton: Roman Honor. The Fire in the Bones . Pp. XIII + 326. Berkeley, Los Angeles, and London: University of California Press, 2001. Cased, $47.50. Isbn: 0-520-22525-. [REVIEW]Rebecca Langlands - 2003 - The Classical Review 53 (01):119-.
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  20.  21
    Becker (L.), Kondoleon (C.) The Arts of Antioch. Art Historical and Scientific Approaches to Roman Mosaics and a Catalogue of the Worcester Art Museum Antioch Collection. Pp. Xvi + 349, B/W & Colour Ills, Colour Maps. Worcester, MA: Worcester Art Museum, 2005. Cased, £48.95. ISBN: 978-0-691-12232-. [REVIEW]Rebecca J. Sweetman - 2007 - The Classical Review 57 (01):217-.
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  21.  20
    Medical Latin D. R. Langslow: Medical Latin in the Roman Empire . Pp. XV + 517. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000. Cased, £65.00. Isbn: 0-19-815279-. [REVIEW]Rebecca Flemming - 2002 - The Classical Review 52 (01):82-.
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  22.  1
    Do We Always See the Forest Before the Trees? The Global Precedence Effect in English Native Speakers with Roman and Thai Navon Letters.Rebecca Watts & Heather Winskel - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  23.  11
    Greek and Roman Aesthetics by Bychkov, Oleg V. And Anne Sheppard.Rebecca Bensen Cain - 2012 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 70 (2):242-245.
    This article is a book review. I provide a detailed summary and critical assessment of the anthology by Bychkov and Sheppard.
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  24.  6
    Françoise Lapeyre, Le roman des voyageuses françaises.Rebecca Rogers - 2008 - Clio 28:278-278.
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  25.  7
    (H.F.J.) Horstmanshoff and (M.) Stol Eds. Magic and Rationality in Ancient Near Eastern and Graeco-Roman Medicine. Leiden: Brill, 2004. Pp. Xv + 407. €110. 9004136665. [REVIEW]Rebecca Flemming - 2006 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 126:182-183.
  26.  22
    Women, Ritual and Competence - Dillon, Eidinow, Maurizio Women's Ritual Competence in the Greco-Roman Mediterranean. Pp. XIV + 247, Ills, Maps. London and New York: Routledge, 2017. Cased, £115, Us$149.95. Isbn: 978-1-4724-7890-0. [REVIEW]Rebecca Flemming - 2018 - The Classical Review 68 (2):466-468.
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  27.  18
    Issues of Mobility in the Roman Empire - Lo Cascio, Tacoma the Impact of Mobility and Migration in the Roman Empire. Proceedings of the Twelfth Workshop of the International Network Impact of Empire . With the Assistance of Miriam J. Groen-Vallinga. Pp. XII + 265, Maps. Leiden and Boston: Brill, 2017. Cased, €114, Us$125. Isbn: 978-90-04-33477-9. [REVIEW]Rebecca Darley - 2018 - The Classical Review 68 (2):518-521.
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  28. Roman Ingarden’s Ontology: Existential Dependence, Substances, Ideas, and Other Things Empiricists Do Not Like.Daniel von Wachter - 2005 - In A. Chrudzimski (ed.), Existence, Culture, and Persons: The Ontology of Roman Ingarden. Ontos Verlag. pp. 55-82.
    About the ontology of the Polish philosopher Roman Ingarden, as presented in his treatise 'The Controversy about the Existence of the World'.
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  29. Male Youths as Objects of Desire in Latin Literature: Some Antinomies in the Priapic Model of Roman Sexuality.Jula Wildberger - 2010 - In Barbara Feichtinger & Gottfried Kreuz (eds.), Eros und Aphrodite: Von der Macht der Erotik und der Erotik der Macht. Trier: Wissenschaftlicher Verlag Trier. pp. 227-253.
    Drawing on a range of sources such as Roman oratory, love elegy, Carmina Priapea and Petronius, the paper claims that the Priapic model of Roman Sexuality entails a particularly vulnerable form of male sexuality which can best be observed in descriptions of young men in the transitional period to manhood, such as, e.g., Achilles in Statius' Achilleis.
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  30.  78
    Modeling Ancient and Modern Arithmetic Practices: Addition and Multiplication with Arabic and Roman Numerals.Dirk Schlimm & Hansjörg Neth - 2008 - In B. C. Love, K. McRae & V. M. Sloutsky (eds.), Proceedings of the 30th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Cognitive Science Society. pp. 2097--2102.
    To analyze the task of mental arithmetic with external representations in different number systems we model algorithms for addition and multiplication with Arabic and Roman numerals. This demonstrates that Roman numerals are not only informationally equivalent to Arabic ones but also computationally similar—a claim that is widely disputed. An analysis of our models' elementary processing steps reveals intricate tradeoffs between problem representation, algorithm, and interactive resources. Our simulations allow for a more nuanced view of the received wisdom on (...)
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  31. A Lutheran's Case for Roman Catholicism.Robert C. Koons - manuscript
    I wrote the following essay in early 2006 while still a member of the Lutheran Church -- Missouri Synod. On the Vigil of Pentecost in A.D. 2007 (May 25th) I was formally received into the fellowship of the Roman Catholic Church at the parish of St. Louis the King of France in Austin, Texas.
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  32.  86
    Law, Philosophy and Responsibility: The Roman Ingarden Contribution.Michal Peno - manuscript
    This text is a kind of sketch and presents some simple ideas. The aim of this article is to carry out a critical and reflexive analysis of Roman Ingarden's philosophy of responsibility. Being a member of the phenomenological current, Ingarden mainly studied the ontological bases or conditions of responsibility by identifying different situations of responsibility. In this paper situations of responsibility have been analysed in the semantic contexts in which the word "responsibility" appears. Legally, the prescriptive contexts of using (...)
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  33. Direct and Indirect Abortion in the Roman Catholic Tradition: A Review of the Phoenix Case. [REVIEW]S. S. Coleman - 2013 - HEC Forum 25 (2):127-143.
    In Roman Catholic Moral Theology, a direct abortion is never permitted. An indirect abortion, in which a life threatening pathology is treated, and the treatment inadvertently leads to the death of the fetus, may be permissible in proportionately grave situations. In situations in which a mother’s life is endangered by the pregnancy before the fetus is viable, there is some debate about whether the termination of the pregnancy is a direct or indirect abortion. In this essay a recent case (...)
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  34.  38
    The Core Competencies: A Roman Catholic Critique. [REVIEW]Elliott Louis Bedford - 2011 - HEC Forum 23 (3):147-169.
    This article critically examines, from the perspective of a Roman Catholic Healthcare ethicist, the second edition of the Core Competencies for Healthcare Ethics Consultation report recently published by the American Society for Humanities and Bioethics. The question is posed: can the competencies identified in the report serve as the core competencies for Roman Catholic ethical consultants and consultation services? I answer in the negative. This incongruence stems from divergent concepts of what it means to do ethics consultation, a (...)
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  35.  18
    Problems Faced with Legislating for IVF Technology in a Roman Catholic Country.Pierre Mallia - 2010 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 13 (1):77-87.
    Malta traditionally enjoys a Roman Catholic Society, with the official religion of the country being cited in the second article of the constitution. Recently the government proposed to legislate to regulate human reproductive technology, in particular In Vitro Fertilization, which has been practiced for over two decades without controlling legislation. A Parliamentary Committee for social affairs was set up to study the situation inviting most stakeholders. The arguments gravitated mostly on issues of the status of the embryo and the (...)
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  36.  12
    Credit-Money in the Roman Economy.William V. Harris - 2019 - Klio 101 (1):158-189.
    Summary This article, in order to advance the debate about the nature of Roman money, sets out the strongest arguments in favour of the crucial importance of credit-money in the Roman economy. It invokes some texts that were not employed in previous discussions. The article also replies to the chief arguments of those scholars who have more or less maintained the traditional view that all, or almost all, Roman money consisted of coins. The most important question here (...)
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  37.  29
    L’Odyssée des Héroïnes du Roman grecThe Odyssey of Heroines in the Greek Novel.Sophie Lalanne - 2008 - Clio 28:121-132.
    Après l’Odyssée d’Homère et les Argonautiques d’Apollonios de Rhodes, les romans grecs offrentassurément les plus célèbres des récits de voyage de la littérature grecque de l’Antiquité. Cinq romans ont été composés entre le ier et le iiie siècles après J.-C. et nous ont été conservés par l’intermédiaire de manuscrits médiévaux. Dans ces textes, les héroïnes sont embarquées dans une navigation périlleuse qui sera l’occasion d’une mise à l’épreuve des qualités qui leur seront utiles à leur retour pour accomplir leur destin (...)
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  38.  28
    Review of Teresa Morgan, Roman Faith and Christian Faith: Pistis and Fides in the Early Roman Empire and Early Churches,. [REVIEW]Ilaria L. E. Ramelli - 2017 - Journal of Roman Studies 107.
  39.  14
    The Audience of Ammianus Marcellinus and the Circulation of Books in the Late Roman World.Darío N. Sánchez Vendramini - 2018 - Journal of Ancient History 6 (2):234-259.
    Since the late nineteenth century, studies of Ammianus’ audience have reached widely divergent conclusions. Research has focused on two opposed theses: while some scholars have seen the pagan senatorial aristocracy as the audience of the Res Gestae, others have assigned that role to the imperial bureaucracy. However, in thinking that a work could reach—or target—exclusively the members of a specific social group, the prevalent views on Ammianus’ audience contradict what we know about the circulation of books in the late (...) world. In contrast to previous research, this study proposes a new approach based on an analysis of the information available on book circulation in Ammianus’ time. This analysis shows that the audience of the Res Gestae was most likely socially diverse. (shrink)
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  40.  17
    Athens and the Anchoring of Roman Rule in the First Century BCE.Sam Heijnen - 2018 - Journal of Ancient History 6 (1):80-110.
    The early Augustan Age witnessed an increase in building activities and overall interest in mainland Greece which has primarily been understood from the perspective of Roman appropriation of Greek culture, or from that of local Greek independence and “re-Hellenization.” Taking late Republican Athens as an extensive case study, this article shows that, when moving beyond either a top-down or bottom-up vision, developments in the late Republican and early Augustan Age can be properly contextualized as being part of a continuous (...)
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  41.  10
    Italy After the Pyrrhic War: The Beginnings of Roman Colonization in Etruria.Edoardo Bianchi - 2018 - Klio 100 (3):765-784.
    Summary My paper aims to clarify the subsequent steps of Rome’s encroachment on Etruria in the aftermath of the Pyrrhic War. As is well known, the Latin colony of Cosa was founded in 273 BC on the Tyrrhenian coast to the north of Vulci; moreover, in the years 264–245 BC, four citizen colonies were founded on the Caeretan coast, namely Castrum Novum, Pyrgi, Alsium and Fregenae. Unfortunately, it is not easy to reconstruct precisely what the Roman movements in Etruria (...)
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  42.  44
    Natural Rights and Roman Law in Hugo Grotius's Theses LVI, De Iure Praedae and Defensio Capitis Quinti Maris Liberi.Benjamin Straumann - 2007 - Grotiana 26 (1):341-365.
    Roman property law and Roman contract law as well as the property centered Roman ethics put forth by Cicero in several of his works were the traditions Grotius drew upon in developing his natural rights system. While both the medieval just war tradition and Grotius's immediate political context deserve scholarly attention and constitute important influences on Grotius's natural law tenets, it is a Roman tradition of subjective legal remedies and of just war which lays claim to (...)
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  43.  28
    Filozofia Jezuitów Na Ziemiach Dawnej Rzeczypospolitej W XIX Wieku [The Philosophy of the Jesuits in the Territories Ofthe Former Commonwealth: Poland, Lithuania, Belarus and Ukraine in the 19th Century] by Roman Darowski.Roman Darowski - 2012 - Forum Philosophicum: International Journal for Philosophy 17 (2):283-296.
  44.  41
    Gilson, l’oeuvre d’art et le roman.Guy Bouchard - 1982 - Philosophiques 9 (2):195-221.
    La philosophie de l'art d'Étienne Gilson n'accorde aucune place au roman. Après avoir dégagé les raisons de ce rejet et en avoir dévoilé les présupposés, nous montrons que le roman a droit de cité dans la sphère des arts majeurs, et ce même à partir des principes de la théorie de Gilson.Gilson's philosophy of art leaves no room to the novel. First, we elucidate his reasons to do so, then we disclose their presuppositions, and finally we show that (...)
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  45.  24
    Heroes and Outcasts: Ambiguous Attitudes Towards Impaired and Disfigured Roman Veterans.Korneel Van Lommel - 2015 - Classical World: A Quarterly Journal on Antiquity 109 (1):91-117.
    This paper will focus on physically impaired and disfigured soldiers and their perception in Roman antiquity from the late Republic until the early Imperial era (third century BC until third century AD). Based on case studies from literary sources, this paper aims to explore the integration of impaired and disfigured veterans into Roman civil society. The first part outlines the ambiguous attitudes shown towards these veterans, who were both praised and ridiculed, and seeks explanations. The second part argues (...)
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  46.  30
    Human Life as Legal Value and its Protection in the Roman Law (article in Lithuanian).Marius Jonaitis & Albertas Milinis - 2011 - Jurisprudencija: Mokslo darbu žurnalas 18 (3):821-840.
    Right to life is an essential natural right protected and defended by law. The aim of this publication is to discuss the main issues regarding human right to life and its protection in the Roman law. Article deals with the problems of beginning and end of the human life and legal capacity in Rome, elements of legal protection of slaves and family members subject to pater familias life as well as the principle crimes attempting to human life. First of (...)
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  47.  29
    Origin of Bankruptcy Procedure in Roman Law.Stasys Vėlyvis & Vilija Mikuckienė - 2009 - Jurisprudencija: Mokslo darbu žurnalas 117 (3):285-297.
    In order to clarify the objectives of bankruptcy, to reveal the true essence of bankruptcy procedure and the origin of legal terms, it is necessary to ascertain the nature of this institute of law, as well as the reasons for its creation and development. This article provides historic analysis of the development of the institute of bankruptcy procedure. For this purpose, a historic comparative research is undertaken in the article, in order to find certain parallels of bankruptcy procedure under (...) law and the modern bankruptcy procedure. Roman law has been chosen as the most phenomenal ancient law for the purposes of undertaking a historic analysis of the development of bankruptcy procedure. In the authors’ opinion, it it the best example that reveals the origin of bankruptcy procedure, and the reasons for its formation. Analysis of certain private law institutes of Roman law enables the authors to conclude that the main features (principles) of the bankruptcy procedure formed precisely under Roman law: replacement of personal liability by pecuniary; public auction as a form of realization of debtor’s property; transition from selling of debtor’s property as a whole to disposal of property in divided property units; creation of subject, who administers auctions of debtor’s property under oath not to act in selfish purposes; setting of a term of 30 days, during which a debtor has to cover the debts (claims’ dispute resolution); establishment of the institute of informing creditors about initiated procedures of debt retrieval and encouragement to join these procedures; establishment of the ban to recover debts from household items; laying of the foundations of the institute of peace agreement between the debtor and his creditors; establishment of actio Pauliana - a remedy for the protection of creditors rights. The mentioned rules in one way or another eventually have been transferred to legal acts on legal relations in case of bankruptcy of many foreign countries. (shrink)
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  48.  26
    The Roman Catholic Denominational Education Between the World Wars.Nóda Mózes - 2002 - Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 1 (3):115-130.
    After the unification process of 1918, in the former Hungarian State schools Romanian language was introduced as a teaching language. Consequently, the Hungarian as a teaching language was solely pre- served in the vocational schools. The governments showed little understanding toward the minorities’ vocational schools, aiming rather at the unification of the scholar system. The Roman Catholic Church sustained and administrated hundreds of elementary and secondary schools, many of them having a multi-secular history. Based on the documents from the (...)
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  49.  22
    Éléments pour une noétique du roman.Pierre Vinclair - 2015 - Methodos 15.
    Alors que la narratologie prétendait dévoiler les structures du récit en général, Vincent Descombes, dans son livre sur Proust, affirme qu’une science conséquente de la littérature doit rendre compte de la manière particulière qu’a chaque genre littéraire de produire du sens. Nous présentons dans cet article une approche noétique des genres qui, tentant de dépasser l’opposition entre sémiologie et herméneutique, s’intéresse à la manière dont les structures symboliques créent des modes de pensée particuliers. En remarquant que les fondateurs de la (...)
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  50.  23
    The Concept of Bar and Fundamental Principles of an Advocate's Activity in Roman Law.Marius Jonaitis & Inga Žalėnienė - 2009 - Jurisprudencija: Mokslo darbu žurnalas 117 (3):299-312.
    In Roman civil procedure legal representatives (cognitores, procuratores) functioned together with their different assistants (advocati, patroni, oratores) who had the right to participate in the procedure together with the party and not instead of it. This article aims to show the peculiarities of the legal status of advocates, patrons, rhetoricians and other assistants of the litigants in civil procedure, the concept of a bar, as a professional corporation, presumption of its origin and mission in ancient Rome, origins of state (...)
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