Results for 'Reinbert A. Krol'

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  1.  3
    Friedrich Meinecke: Panentheism and the Crisis of Historicism.Reinbert A. Krol - 2010 - Journal of the Philosophy of History 4 (2):195-209.
    Friedrich Meinecke's Die Idee der Staatsräson (1924) is generally seen as the study in which he replaced his monistic-idealistic philosophy of history - as articulated in Weltbürgertum und Nationalstaat - by a dualistic worldview. In this article I will argue against this view. I will do so on the basis of a brief analysis of Meinecke's Staatsräson -study. I will show that Meinecke succeeded in combining his monism and his dualism within a so-called (harmonious) 'panentheistic' philosophy. Next, when discussing Meinecke's (...)
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  2.  3
    The Meaning of Historicism for Our Time.Frank Ankersmit, Herman Paul & Reinbert A. Krol - 2010 - Journal of the Philosophy of History 4 (2):119-120.
  3.  1
    Modern Historiography in the Making: The German Sense of the Past, 1700-1900 Modern Historiography in the Making: The German Sense of the Past, 1700-1900, by Kasper Risbjerg Eskildsen, London, Bloomsbury, 2022, 186 pp., €76.50(hb), ISBN 978-1-350-27147-0. [REVIEW]Reinbert Krol - 2023 - Intellectual History Review 33 (4):778-780.
    German historicism continues to be a topic of debate. Discussions range from polemics over the definition of the concept to whether it is a method, program, intellectual tradition or world view. Th...
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  4.  7
    The placenta economy: From trashed to treasured bio-products.Karen A. Foss, Elizabeth Dickinson & Charlotte Kroløkke - 2018 - European Journal of Women's Studies 25 (2):138-153.
    This article examines the human placenta not only as a scientific, medical and biological entity but as a consumer bio-product. In the emergent placenta economy, the human placenta is exchanged and gains potentiality as food, medicine and cosmetics. Drawing on empirical research from the United States, the United Kingdom, Denmark and Japan, the authors use feminist cultural analysis and consumer theories to discuss how the placenta is exchanged and gains commodity status as a medical supplement, smoothie, pill and anti-ageing lotion. (...)
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  5.  2
    Broker of Information, Generation of a new Profession.A. Krol - 2004 - Zagadnienia Naukoznawstwa 40 (1 (159)):63-76.
  6.  8
    A Topological Model for Intuitionistic Analysis with Kripke's Scheme.M. D. Krol - 1978 - Zeitschrift fur mathematische Logik und Grundlagen der Mathematik 24 (25-30):427-436.
  7. Broker informacji–powstawanie nowego zawodu.A. Król - 2004 - Zagadnienia Naukoznawstwa 1:63-76.
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  8. Wątpienie pragmatyczne.Krzysztof A. Król - 2003 - Colloquia Communia 74 (1):108-117.
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  9.  12
    Eggs and euros: A feminist perspective on reproductive travel from Denmark to Spain.Charlotte Kroløkke - 2014 - International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 7 (2):144-163.
    Reproductive technologies produce new babies and new bioethical concerns. This article analyzes how Danish infertile couples negotiate traveling to Spain for egg donation. Fertility travel is situated in light of Danish bioethical discourses, while feminist cultural analysis is used to understand how Spanish clinical discourses choreograph egg donation to involve an intimate and affective exchange between two like-minded women. The Danish travelers employ love and desire to naturalize transnational egg donation as well as anger and disappointment to invoke notions of (...)
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  10.  5
    Katalog fonda kitaiskix ksilografov Instituta Vostokovedenija AN SSSR.Francis A. Westbrook, B. B. Vaxtin, I. S. Gurevich, Ju L. Krol, E. S. Stulova & A. A. Toropov - 1976 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 96 (3):450.
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  11.  22
    Scientific Heritage.Zbigniew Król - 2012 - Dialogue and Universalism 22 (4):41-65.
    This paper presents sources pertinent to the transmission of Euclid’s Elements in Western medieval civilization. Some important observations follow from the pure description of the sources concerning the development of mathematics, e.g., the text of the Elements was supplemented with new axioms, proofs and theorems as if an “a priori skeleton” lost in Dark Ages was reconstructed and rediscovered during the late Middle Ages. Such historical facts indicate the aprioricity of mathematics.
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  12.  3
    Filozofia a nauki ścisłe.Zbigniew Król - 2014 - Filozofia i Nauka 2:65-70.
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  13.  10
    Beyond nursing nihilism, a N ietzschean transvaluation of neoliberal values.Pawel J. Krol & Mireille Lavoie - 2014 - Nursing Philosophy 15 (2):112-124.
    Like most goods‐producing sectors in the West, modern health‐care systems have been profoundly changed by globalization and the neoliberal policies that attend it. Since the 1970s, the role of the welfare state has been considerably reduced; funding and management of health systems have been subjected to wave upon wave of reorganization and assimilated to the private sector. At the same time, neoliberal policy has imposed the notion of patient empowerment, thus turning patients into consumers of health. The literature on nursing (...)
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  14.  8
    A Topological Model for Intuitionistic Analysis with Kripke's Scheme.M. D. Krol - 1978 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 24 (25‐30):427-436.
  15.  5
    Learning From Peers’ Eye Movements in the Absence of Expert Guidance: A Proof of Concept Using Laboratory Stock Trading, Eye Tracking, and Machine Learning.Michał Król & Magdalena Król - 2019 - Cognitive Science 43 (2):e12716.
    Existing research shows that people can improve their decision skills by learning what experts paid attention to when faced with the same problem. However, in domains like financial education, effective instruction requires frequent, personalized feedback given at the point of decision, which makes it time‐consuming for experts to provide and thus, prohibitively costly. We address this by demonstrating an automated feedback mechanism that allows amateur decision‐makers to learn what information to attend to from one another, rather than from an expert. (...)
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  16.  5
    Scientific Heritage.Zbigniew Król - 2012 - Dialogue and Universalism 22 (4):41-65.
    This paper presents sources pertinent to the transmission of Euclid’s Elements in Western medieval civilization. Some important observations follow from the pure description of the sources concerning the development of mathematics, e.g., the text of the Elements was supplemented with new axioms, proofs and theorems as if an “a priori skeleton” lost in Dark Ages was reconstructed and rediscovered during the late Middle Ages. Such historical facts indicate the aprioricity of mathematics.
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  17.  3
    Some Additional Remarks, Acknowledgements, and Replies to My Critics.Zbigniew Król - 2008 - Dialogue and Universalism 18 (1-3):187-201.
    The greatest challenge with which the Readers of my book had to cope with was the problem of ontological presence. In Srzednicki’s conception ontological presence has two dimensions: a logical and an onto-factual one.Every cognitive perspective is always contingent but this contingency must be limited somehow. Srzednicki restores the ontological dimension of cognition (crossed out by traditional epistemology and philosophy), but avoids ontological fundamentalism. His conception gives rise to a new model of metaphysics understood not as the most general theory (...)
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  18.  5
    “Economies of Experience”-Disambiguation of Degraded Stimuli Leads to a Decreased Dispersion of Eye-Movement Patterns.Magdalena Ewa Król & Michał Król - 2018 - Cognitive Science 42 (S3):728-756.
    We demonstrate “economies of experience” in eye-movement patterns—that is, optimization of eye-movement patterns aimed at more efficient and less costly visual processing, similar to the priming-induced formation of sparser cortical representations or reduced reaction times. Participants looked at Mooney-type, degraded stimuli that were difficult to recognize without prior experience, but easily recognizable after exposure to their undegraded versions. As predicted, eye-movement dispersion, velocity, and the number of fixations decreased with each stimulus presentation. Further analyses showed that this effect was contingent (...)
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  19. Cryropolitics of Reproduction on Ice.Charlotte Kroløkke, Thomas Søbirk Petersen, Janne Rothmar Herrman, Rune Klingenberg, Stine Willum Adrian, Michael Nebeling Petersen & Anna Sofie Bach - 2020 - Bingley, Storbritannien: Emerald.
    Reproduction has entered a new ice age: the ability to cryopreserve reproductive cells, tissue and embryos are fundamentally changing our understanding of what it means to be a reproductive citizen. This book explores the ways in which opinions of desirable reproductive futures are feared or are being welcomed by advances in freezing technologies, with the authors situating their discussions of cryo-fertility primarily within the Scandinavian region, asking: * How does cryopreservation help mobilize particular understandings of reproductive time, reproductive rights and (...)
     
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  20.  6
    Basic Intuitions Concerning the Concept of Infinity in Mathematics from a Historical and Theological Point of View.Zbigniew Król - 2018 - In Mirosław Szatkowski (ed.), God, Time, Infinity. Berlin, Germany: De Gruyter. pp. 87-104.
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  21.  1
    The Origins of Human Being. A Theory of Animation According to Tadeusz Ślipko.Remigiusz Król - 2006 - Forum Philosophicum: International Journal for Philosophy 11 (1):55-67.
    This article is a discussion of Tadeusz Ślipko’s considerations concerning “the origins of human being” or, in other words, his theory of animation. One of the characteristic features of Ślipko’s Thomistic anthropology is an experimental orientation: i.e. using and referring to the data of the sciences as these relate to material, physical and biological reality. As the starting point of his position he adopts the concept of man: being composed of a material substrate, determined in his human form by the (...)
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  22.  7
    A Neuroadaptive Cognitive Model for Dealing With Uncertainty in Tracing Pilots' Cognitive State.Oliver W. Klaproth, Marc Halbrügge, Laurens R. Krol, Christoph Vernaleken, Thorsten O. Zander & Nele Russwinkel - 2020 - Topics in Cognitive Science 12 (3):1012-1029.
    When people are performing a task, it is hard to know whether they are about to make a mistake. Klaproth, Halbrügge, Krol, Vernaleken, Zander, and Russwinkel address this by recording EEG signals while people are performing a flight control task, and show that by examining the EEG signal they can determine when people failed to notice particular stimuli, which could lead to better assistive tools.
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  23.  2
    Autism limits strategic thinking after all: A process tracing study of the beauty contest game.Michał Król & Magdalena Ewa Król - 2019 - Thinking and Reasoning 26 (4):615-626.
    The beauty contest game is widely used to study the determinants of strategic thinking. Here, we examine the role of theory of mind in strategic reasoning by comparing both performance and the reas...
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  24.  11
    Ontological Pluralism and Multi-Quantificational Ontology.Zbigniew Król & Józef Lubacz - 2022 - Foundations of Science 27 (3):921-940.
    This paper explores some variants and aspects of multi-quantificational criteria of existence, examining these in the context of the debate between monism and pluralism in analytical philosophy. Assuming familiarity with the findings to date, we seek to apply to these the newly introduced concepts of “substitution” and “substitutional model”. Possible applications of formal theories involving multiple types of existential quantifier are highlighted, together with their methods of construction. These considerations then lead to a thesis asserting the irrelevance of both multi-quantificational (...)
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  25.  8
    A Model for Spacetime II. The Emergence of Higher Dimensions and Field Theory/Strings Dualities.Jerzy Król - 2006 - Foundations of Physics 36 (12):1778-1800.
    We show that in 4-spacetime modified at very short distances due to the weakening of classical logic, the higher dimensions emerge. We analyse the case of some smooth topoi, and the case of some class of pointless topoi. The pointless topoi raise the dimensionality due to the forcing adding “string” objects and thus replacing classical points in spacetime. Turning to strings would be something fundamental and connected with set theoretical forcing. The field theory/strings dualities originate at the set theoretical level (...)
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  26.  9
    Random World and Quantum Mechanics.Jerzy Król, Krzysztof Bielas & Torsten Asselmeyer-Maluga - 2023 - Foundations of Science 28 (2):575-625.
    Quantum mechanics (QM) predicts probabilities on the fundamental level which are, via Born probability law, connected to the formal randomness of infinite sequences of QM outcomes. Recently it has been shown that QM is algorithmic 1-random in the sense of Martin–Löf. We extend this result and demonstrate that QM is algorithmic $$\omega$$ -random and generic, precisely as described by the ’miniaturisation’ of the Solovay forcing to arithmetic. This is extended further to the result that QM becomes Zermelo–Fraenkel Solovay random on (...)
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  27. Czas a matematyka.Zbigniew Król - 2005 - Przeglad Filozoficzny - Nowa Seria 55 (3):79-85.
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  28.  7
    Being A Conservative in a Postcommunist Country.Marcin Krol - 1993 - Social Research: An International Quarterly 60:589-608.
  29. Osnovanii︠a︡ biosofii.L. I. Krolʹ - 1937 - Kaunas: Spaudos fondas, komisionierius.
     
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  30.  6
    West is best: Affective assemblages and Spanish oöcytes.Charlotte Halmø Kroløkke - 2014 - European Journal of Women's Studies 21 (1):57-71.
    This article employs the concept of affective assemblage to discuss how fertility travelers make sense of their decision to travel to Spain for oöcyte donation. Motherhood is brought into being through racialized and gendered discourses on ova exchange; idealized and feminized Spanish donor bodies. In their accounts, fertility travelers employ a narrative in which oöcytes become necessary spare parts, yet also, exotic substances with temperament and racialized nationality as well as collective bodies – shaped by the recipient woman’s body, intent, (...)
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  31.  5
    The Intuitive Concept of Information: An Analysis.Zbigniew Król - 2020 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 63 (1):101-119.
    This paper seeks to determine the intuitive meaning of the concept of information by indicating its essential (definitional) features and relations with other concepts, such as that of knowledge. The term “information” – as with many other concepts, such as “process”, “force”, “energy” and “matter” – has a certain established meaning in natural languages, which allows it to be used, in science as well as in everyday life, without our possessing any somewhat stricter definition of it. The basic aim here (...)
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  32.  2
    Pink and Blue: Assemblages of Family Balancing and the Making of Dubai as a Fertility Destination.Filareti Kotsi & Charlotte Kroløkke - 2019 - Science, Technology, and Human Values 44 (1):97-117.
    Selective reproductive technologies, such as preimplantation genetic diagnosis, enable enhanced clinical success rates, create reproductive choices, and produce new commercial opportunities. Drawing upon empirical material acquired during a ten-month period in 2016, this study uses a total of twenty-two in-depth interviews with doctors, CEOs, clinical directors, marketing directors, patient counselors, and embryologists to discuss how traveling for the SRT of gender selection for nonmedical reasons is mediated by fertility clinics and clinicians in Dubai. Multimodal analysis was used to analyze the (...)
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  33.  1
    Strany i Narody Vostoka . Vol. XI, Strany i Narody Tsentralnoy, Vostochnoy i Yugo- Vostochnoy Azii. [REVIEW]Derk Bodde, Yu L. Krol, D. A. Olderogge, V. A. Romodin, V. S. Starikov & A. G. Shprintsin - 1973 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 93 (3):404.
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  34.  1
    Czy wiemy dlaczego czasoprzestrzeń na dużych skalach jest gładka i 4-wymiarowa?Jerzy Król - 2017 - Philosophical Problems in Science 63:101-111.
    Even though the description of the universe in cosmology is known to be given by a smooth 4-dimensional Lorentz manifold for energies below Planck scale, one still can ask about the origins of this phenomenon. In this paper we show that mathematics used for description of quantum systems at micro scale determines smoothness of spacetime at large cosmological scales and indicates the dimension 4 as the only possible dimension for spacetime.
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  35.  2
    How do we know that physical spacetime in cosmology is smooth and 4-dimensional?Jerzy Król - 2017 - Philosophical Problems in Science 63:101-111.
    Even though the description of the universe in cosmology is known to be given by a smooth 4-dimensional Lorentz manifold for energies below Planck scale, one still can ask about the origins of this phenomenon. In this paper we show that mathematics used for description of quantum systems at micro scale determines smoothness of spacetime at large cosmological scales and indicates the dimension 4 as the only possible dimension for spacetime.
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  36.  3
    Topology and models of ZFC at early Universe.Jerzy Król & Torsten Asselmeyer-Maluga - 2019 - Philosophical Problems in Science 66:15-33.
    Recently the cosmological evolution of the universe has been considered where 3-dimensional spatial topology undergone drastic changes. The process can explain, among others, the observed smallness of the neutrino masses and the speed of inflation. However, the entire evolution is perfectly smooth from 4-dimensional point of view. Thus the raison d’être for such topology changes is the existence of certain non-standard 4-smoothness on R4 already at very early stages of the universe. We show that the existence of such smoothness can (...)
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  37.  3
    The Origins of Human Being. A Theory of Animation According to Tadeusz Ślipko.Remigiusz Król - 2006 - Forum Philosophicum: International Journal for Philosophy 11 (1):55-67.
    This article is a discussion of Tadeusz Ślipko’s considerations concerning “the origins of human being” or, in other words, his theory of animation. One of the characteristic features of Ślipko’s Thomistic anthropology is an experimental orientation: i.e. using and referring to the data of the sciences as these relate to material, physical and biological reality. As the starting point of his position he adopts the concept of man: being composed of a material substrate, determined in his human form by the (...)
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  38.  10
    The Formal Layer of {Brain and Mind} and Emerging Consciousness in Physical Systems.Jerzy Król & Andrew Schumann - forthcoming - Foundations of Science:1-30.
    We consider consciousness attributed to systems in space-time which can be purely physical without biological background and focus on the mathematical understanding of the phenomenon. It is shown that the set theory based on sets in the foundations of mathematics, when switched to set theory based on ZFC models, is a very promising mathematical tool in explaining the brain/mind complex and the emergence of consciousness in natural and artificial systems. We formalise consciousness-supporting systems in physical space-time, but this is localised (...)
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  39.  4
    Creating cooperative classrooms: effects of a two‐year staff development program.Karen Krol, Peter Sleegers, Simon Veenman & Marinus Voeten - 2008 - Educational Studies 34 (4):343-360.
    In this study, the implementation effects of a staff development program on cooperative learning (CL) for Dutch elementary school teachers were studied. A pre?test?post?test non?equivalent control group design was used to investigate program effects on the instructional behaviours of teachers. Based on observations of teacher behaviour during cooperative lessons, a statistically significant treatment effect was found for the following instructional behaviours: structuring positive interdependence, individual accountability, social skills and evaluation of the group process. Training effects were also found for the (...)
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  40.  8
    The topology of persons, and surviving to some degree.Zbigniew Król, Tomasz Kąkol & Bartłomiej Skowron - 2023 - Synthese 202 (6):1-37.
    Braddon-Mitchell and Miller put forward the claim that the relation of being-the-same-person is gradable: a person can be the same person tomorrow as today, but only half the same. To justify their thesis, they propose a model of persons that is intended to be metaphysically neutral. This article sets out to show that such a model implicitly contains strong metaphysical assumptions that run contrary to the authors’ own statements. Using Roman Ingarden’s phenomenological ontology, we aim to demonstrate that within the (...)
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  41. Idea Boga w filozofii Sartre'a.Remigiusz Król - 2005 - Przeglad Filozoficzny - Nowa Seria 56 (4):199-211.
     
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  42.  14
    On Why Quine’s Ontological Relativity Requires Reconsideration.Zbigniew Król & Józef Lubacz - forthcoming - Foundations of Science:1-25.
    We aim to show from a new perspective that Quine’s ontological relativity, based largely on his so-called “proxy-function argument”, falls short of being a rigorously coherent philosophical conception, as it exhibits significant formal defects. This new perspective enables exposing the shortcomings of Quine's position and suggests a possible reformulation of the original position. Moreover, we argue that his ontological relativity is inconsistent with the empirical data associated with some of our best physical theories, such as quantum mechanics. We refer to (...)
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  43.  5
    Background Independence in Quantum Gravity and Forcing Constructions.Jerzy Król - 2004 - Foundations of Physics 34 (3):361-403.
    A general duality connecting the level of a formal theory and of a metatheory is proposed. Because of the role of natural numbers in a metatheory the existence of a dual theory is conjectured, in which the natural numbers become formal in the theory but in formalizing non-formal natural numbers taken from the dual metatheory these numbers become nonstandard. For any formal theory there may be in principle a dual theory. The dual shape of the lattice of projections over separable (...)
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  44.  3
    Brain and Its Universal Logical Model of Multi-Agent Biological Systems.Jerzy Król, Andrew Schumann & Krzysztof Bielas - 2022 - Logica Universalis 16 (4):671-687.
    We build a topological model, based on intuitionistic logic, for multi-agent biological systems (such as _Physarum polycephalum_, bacterial colonies or any other swarm), reacting to external nourishment stimuli. Our construction follows the topological description of brain activity, where particles (neurons) are activated by an external environment, represented by a topological space _X_ with an open cover \(\{U_i:i\in I\}\). The brain builds the model of this external space via the nerve (trace) of a topological space _X_. Here the body of _Physarum (...)
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  45.  2
    Exotic Smoothness and Noncommutative Spaces. The Model-Theoretical Approach.Jerzy Król - 2004 - Foundations of Physics 34 (5):843-869.
    We give an almost explicit presentation of exotic functions corresponding to some exotic smooth structure on topologically trivial R4. The construction relies on the model-theoretic tools from the previous paper. We can formulate unexpected, yet direct connection between ‘‘localized’’ exotic small R4’s and some noncommutative spaces. The formalism of QM can be interpreted in terms of exotic smooth R4’s localized in spacetime. A new way of looking at the problem of decoherence is suggested. The 4-dimensional spacetime itself has built-in means (...)
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  46.  3
    Mathematics and God’s Point of View1.Zbigniew Król - 2016 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 44 (1):81-96.
    In this paper the final stages of the historical process of the emergence of actual infinity in mathematics are considered. The application of God’s point of view – i.e. the possibility to create mathematics from a divine perspective, i.e. from the point of view of an eternal, timeless, omniscience and unlimited subject of cognition – is one of the main factors in this process. Nicole Oresme is the first man who systematically used actual infinity in mathematical reasoning, constructions and proofs (...)
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  47.  1
    In-situtransmission electron microscopy study of dislocation processes at precipitate-free zones in aγ′-strengthened superalloy.Dietmar Baither, Thorsten Krol & Eckhard Nembach - 2003 - Philosophical Magazine 83 (35):4011-4029.
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  48. The Implicit Logic of Plato's Parmenides.Zbigniew Król - 2013 - Filozofia Nauki 21 (1).
    This paper is devoted to the reconstruction of the implicit logic of Plato’s Par-menides. The reconstructed logic, F, makes it possible to form a new semi-intuitionistic system of logic of predicates, FN. The axioms of Peano Arithmetic (PA) and an axiom of infinity follow from FN. Therefore, FN can be seen as a new attempt at the realization of Frege’s logicist program. Some very strong systems can be seen as other variants of FN, e.g. Leśniewski’s ontology. The hypothesis from Parmenides (...)
     
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  49.  18
    Visual affects: Linking curiosity, Aha-Erlebnis, and memory through information gain.Sander Van de Cruys, Claudia Damiano, Yannick Boddez, Magdalena Król, Lore Goetschalckx & Johan Wagemans - 2021 - Cognition 212 (C):104698.
    Current theories propose that our sense of curiosity is determined by the learning progress or information gain that our cognitive system expects to make. However, few studies have explicitly tried to quantify subjective information gain and link it to measures of curiosity. Here, we asked people to report their curiosity about the intrinsically engaging perceptual ‘puzzles’ known as Mooney images, and to report on the strength of their aha experience upon revealing the solution image (curiosity relief). We also asked our (...)
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  50. The Development of the Ancient Theories of Proportions.Zbigniew Król - 2011 - Archiwum Historii Filozofii I Myśli Społecznej 56.
    This paper is devoted to the reconstruction of the development of ancient theories of proportion. I argue that the development of ancient theories of proportion was motivated by the quest for one general mathematical theory and by inquiries of the mutual relations between the highest principles of Plato’s protology: the One and the Dyad . Six main types of the theory of proportion are analyzed, with a historical, mathematical and philosophical background.
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