Results for 'Reparations'

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  1. Reparations for Police Killings.Jennifer Page - 2019 - Perspectives on Politics 17 (4):958-972.
    After a fatal police shooting in the United States, it is typical for city and police officials to view the family of the deceased through the lens of the law. If the family files a lawsuit, the city and police department consider it their legal right to defend themselves and to treat the plaintiffs as adversaries. However, reparations and the concept of “reparative justice” allow authorities to frame police killings in moral rather than legal terms. When a police officer (...)
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  2.  28
    Reparations: Interdisciplinary Inquiries.Jon Miller & Rahul Kumar (eds.) - 2007 - Oxford University Press.
    Reparations is an idea whose time has come. From civilian victims of war in Iraq and South America to descendents of slaves in the US to citizens of colonized nations in Africa and south Asia to indigenous peoples around the world--these groups and their advocates are increasingly arguing for the importance of addressing historical injustices that have long been either ignored or denied. This volume contributes to these debates by focusing the attention of a group of highly distinguished international (...)
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  3. Reparations and Racial Inequality.Derrick Darby - 2010 - Philosophy Compass 5 (1):55-66.
    A recent development in philosophical scholarship on reparations for black chattel slavery and Jim Crow segregation is reliance upon social science in normative arguments for reparations. Although there are certainly positive things to be said in favor of an empirically informed normative argument for black reparations, given the depth of empirical disagreement about the causes of persistent racial inequalities, and the ethos of 'post-racial' America, the strongest normative argument for reparations may be one that goes through (...)
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  4.  30
    Race, Racism, and Reparations.J. Angelo Corlett - 2018 - Cornell University Press.
    If affirmative action and other ethnicity-based social programs are justified, then J. Angelo Corlett believes it is important to come to an adequate understanding of the nature of ethnicity in general and ethnic group membership in particular. In Race, Racism, and Reparations, Corlett reconceptualizes traditional ideas of race in terms of ethnicity. As he makes clear, the answers to the questions "What is a Native American?" or "What is a Latino?" have important implications for public policy, especially for those (...)
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  5. Reparations for the Future.Leif Wenar - 2006 - Journal of Social Philosophy 37 (3):396–405.
    All of these claims for reparations have mobilized popular support, and all share a degree of intuitive plausibility. The challenge to the theorist is to judge whether and which of such demands are grounded in sound principles of political normativity, so as to be able to select out the valid claims and to measure how the urgency of these claims compares with other demands on the public agenda. The most basic question for those considering the justifications of reparations (...)
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  6.  97
    Reparations and the Rectification of Race.Naomi Zack - 2003 - The Journal of Ethics 7 (1):139 - 151.
    Positive law and problems with identifying beneficiaries confine reparations for U.S. slavery to the level of discourse. Within the discourse, the broader topic of rectification can be addressed. The rectification of slavery includes restoring full humanity to our ideas of the slaves and their descendants and it requires disabuse of the false biological idea of race. This is not racial eliminativism, because biological race never existed, but more importantly because African American racial identities and redress of present racism are (...)
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  7. Reparations Reconstructed.Samuel C. Wheeler - 1997 - American Philosophical Quarterly 34 (3):301-318.
    This essay argues that reparations for wrongs by one's ancestors can be justified. Differential benefits to those descended from victims of one's ancestors is discrimination which can be justified by one's right to be partial to one's ancestors, doing what they, with clearer thinking, would have done--namely compensating their victims. So, while there is no obligation to discriminate, one has a right to, in virtue of one's partiality towards one's ancestors.
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  8.  39
    Apology, Reparations, and the Question of Inherited Guilt.Glen Pettigrove - 2003 - Public Affairs Quarterly 17 (4):319-348.
    The paper addresses the question of the appropriateness of a Congressional apology for American slavery. After offering an account of what an apology entails, I consider the claim that today's Congress fails to stand in the right relation to the guilt of American slavery to apologize for it. I argue that, while the current Congress and the constituency it represents do not bear a guilt that would permit it to apologize FOR slavery, it has inherited a guilt RELATED TO slavery (...)
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  9. Colonialism, Reparations and Global Justice.Kok-Chor Tan - 2007 - In Jon Miller & Rahul Kumar (eds.), Reparations: Interdisciplinary Inquiries. Oxford University Press. pp. 280--306.
  10.  23
    Backward-looking reparations and structural injustice.Maeve McKeown - 2021 - Contemporary Political Theory 20 (4):771-794.
    The ‘structural injustice’ framework is an increasingly influential way of thinking about historical injustice. Structural injustice theorists argue against reparations for historical injustice on the grounds that our focus should be on forward-looking responsibility for contemporary structural injustice. Through the use of a case study – the Caribbean Community 10-Point Plan for reparations from 2014 – I argue that this reasoning is flawed. Backward-looking reparations can be justified on the basis of state liability over time. The value (...)
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  11.  32
    Reparative Justice for Climate Refugees.Rebecca Buxton - 2019 - Philosophy 94 (2):193-219.
    This paper sketches an account of reparative justice for climate refugees, focusing on total land loss due to sea-level rise. I begin by outlining the harm of this loss in terms of self-determination and cultural heritage. I then consider, first, who is owed these reparations? Second, who should pay such reparations? Third, in what form should the reparations be paid? I end with thoughts on the project of reparative justice more generally, arguing that such obligations do not (...)
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  12.  94
    Reparations After Identity Politics.Lawrie Balfour - 2005 - Political Theory 33 (6):786-811.
    The end of the twentieth century witnessed a resurgence of demands for reparations for slavery and segregation in the United States. At the same time, a chorus of prominent political theorists warned against the threat "identity politics" poses for democratic politics. This essay considers whether it is possible to construct an argument for reparations that responds to these concerns, particularly as they are articulated by Wendy Brown. To do so, I explore how Brown's analysis of the dangers of (...)
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  13. The Ethics of Reparations Policies.Alasia Nuti & Jennifer Page - 2018 - In Annabelle Lever & Andrei Poama (eds.), The Routledge Handbook of Ethics and Public Policy. New York, NY, USA: pp. 332-343.
    We identify the ethics of reparations policies as its own distinct field of inquiry, and consider several neglected ethical issues that arise in the process of devising reparations programmes. The problem of political instrumentalization has to do with the fact that reparations can be a way for the governments to bolster their legitimacy rather than achieve justice. The problem of exclusion refers to individuals with seemingly valid claims being turned away. Finally, the problem of inclusion has to (...)
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  14.  51
    Reparations, International Law and Global Justice: A New Frontier.Richard Falk - 2006 - In Pablo De Greiff (ed.), The Handbook of Reparations. Oxford University Press. pp. 478--503.
    This paper assesses recent trends in international law regarding the availability and character of reparations. Presently, reparations issues have arisen particularly in domestic societies searching for transitional justice in the aftermath of authoritarian rule. These issues are shaped by national legal systems, but are also influenced by international practice. In these transitional settings, the search for justice is affected by political preoccupations such as the persistent influence of displaced prior authoritarian leadership as well as by real and alleged (...)
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  15.  96
    Black Reparations.Bernard Boxill - forthcoming - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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  16. The Handbook of Reparations.De Greiff Pablo (ed.) - 2006 - Oxford University Press.
    Offering the most comprehensive book-length study to-date of reparation programs, this handbook contains an innovative blend of case-study analysis, thematic papers, and national legislation documents from leading scholars and practitioners. This landmark work will make a genuine contribution to the theory and practice of reparations.
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  17. Should Current Generations Make Reparation for Slavery? [REVIEW]Thomas Mulligan - 2019 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 97 (4):847-847.
    A brief review of Janna Thompson's *Should Current Generations Make Reparation for Slavery?* (2018, Polity Press).
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  18.  58
    Guilt, Shame, and Reparative Behavior: The Effect of Psychological Proximity. [REVIEW]Majid Ghorbani, Yuan Liao, Sinan Çayköylü & Masud Chand - 2013 - Journal of Business Ethics 114 (2):311-323.
    Research has paid scant attention to reparative behavior to compensate for unintended wrongdoing or to the role of emotions in doing the right thing. We propose a new approach to investigating reparative behavior by looking at moral emotions and psychological proximity. In this study, we compare the effects of moral emotions (guilt and shame) on the level of compensation for financial harm. We also investigate the role of transgressors’ perceived psychological proximity to the victims of wrongdoing. Our hypotheses were tested (...)
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  19.  41
    Probability Reparation: The Problem of New Explanation. [REVIEW]Richard Jeffrey - 1995 - Philosophical Studies 77 (1):97 - 101.
  20.  46
    Reparation and Atonement.David Mcnaughton - 1992 - Religious Studies 28 (2):129 - 144.
    Richard Swinburne (in his "Responsibility and Atonement") argues for a sacrificial version of the Atonement, in which the individual penitent offers the life of Christ to God in (partial) reparation for his sins. I argue that any version of this account is both conceptually incoherent and morally unsatisfying and offer in its place a version of the exemplary theory of the Atonement which, I claim, meets the conditions he lays down for any satisfactory account.
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  21.  79
    The Reparations Policy for Human Rights Violations in Chile.Elisabeth Lira - 2006 - In Pablo De Greiff (ed.), The Handbook of Reparations. Oxford University Press.
    This paper describes the reparations programs implemented in Chile from 1990 to 2004. These programs target the victims of human rights violations committed during the military regime. These include the relatives of the missing and executed persons; people who were dismissed from their jobs for political motives; peasants who participated in land reform and were expelled from the land for political reasons; and Chilean exiles returning to the country. Political prisoners and torture victims were considered only in 2003. The (...)
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  22.  41
    Reparations for Historical Human Rights Violations: The International and Historical Dimensions of the Alien Torts Claims Act Genocide Case of the Herero of Namibia. [REVIEW]Jeremy Sarkin & Carly Fowler - 2008 - Human Rights Review 9 (3):331-360.
    Between 1904 and 1908, German colonialists in German South West Africa (GSWA, known today as Namibia) committed genocide and other international crimes against two indigenous groups, the Herero and the Nama. From the late 1990s, the Herero have sought reparations from the German government and several German corporations for what occurred more than a hundred years ago. This article examines and contextualizes the issues concerning reparations for historical human rights claims. It describes and analyzes the events in GSWA (...)
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  23.  51
    Reparations, Once Again.Wilton D. Alston & Walter E. Block - 2008 - Human Rights Review 9 (3):379-392.
    Reparations whether to blacks for slavery, or to Indians for land theft, or to settle any number of other conflicts, has an interesting political background. Analysts on the left, who are usually no friend of private property rights, nevertheless rely on this doctrine to support their case for reparations. Those on the right, in contrast, who supposedly defend the institution of property rights, jettison them when it comes to reparations. It is only libertarians, such as the present (...)
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  24. Justice and Reparations.Pablo de Greiff - 2006 - In Pablo De Greiff (ed.), The Handbook of Reparations. Oxford University Press.
    This paper seeks to articulate a conception of justice in reparations for victims of human rights violations when the aim is to repair a large number of cases, as opposed to individual, isolated cases. It starts with an effort to establish some semantic clarity by trying to distinguish between two different contexts for the use of the term “reparations”. It discusses some of the problems with merely transplanting the ideal of compensation in proportion to harm from its natural (...)
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  25.  30
    Reparations in Democratic Transitions.Ernesto Verdeja - 2006 - Res Publica 12 (2):115-136.
    This article proposes a normative theory of reparations for political violence from the standpoint of contemporary critical theory debates on recognition and redistribution. I argue that any satisfactory reparations theory should aspire to ‘status parity’, a term coined by Nancy Fraser, and should include symbolic and material components for both individuals and groups. The essay argues that reparations can promote a number of worthy goals, including the reaffirmation of moral respect and dignity of victims.
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  26.  56
    Reparations and Mental Health: Psychosocial Interventions Towards Healing, Human Agency, and Rethreading Social Realities.M. Brinton Lykes & Marcie Mersky - 2006 - In Pablo De Greiff (ed.), The Handbook of Reparations. Oxford University Press. pp. 589.
    This paper provides an overview of psychosocial and mental health theory and practice as it has emerged in contexts of war, post-war, and transitional situations. It identifies several models that have guided much of this work until now, critically examines their underlying assumptions, and posits a series of limitations inherent in the dominant paradigm of post-traumatic stress disorder, especially as applied in the aftermath of political violence. It argues that psychosocial work as part of reparations processes must be designed (...)
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  27.  18
    Retribution, Reparation, and the Moral Claims of Communities.William Gardner - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics 18 (10):31-33.
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  28.  83
    Towards Transitional Justice? Black Reparations and the End of Mass Incarceration.Jennifer Page & Desmond King - 2018 - Ethnic and Racial Studies 41 (4):739-758.
    There are many commonalities between the goals of transitional justice and domestic redress movements. We look at the movement for reparations for enslavement and Jim Crow in the United States as an example of a domestic reparations movement, and argue for the usefulness of the concept of transitional justice. We are particularly interested in showing that a future democratic transition – the end of mass incarceration – could animate a renewed push for reparations and a formal investigation (...)
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  29. Inheriting Rights to Reparation: Compensatory Justice and the Passage of Time.Daniel Butt - 2013 - Ethical Perspectives 20 (2):245-269.
    This article addresses the question of whether present day individuals can inherit rights to compensation from their ancestors. It argues that contemporary writing on compensatory justice in general, and on the inheritability of rights to compensation in particular, has mischaracterized what is at stake in contexts where those responsible for wrongdoing continually refuse to make reparation for their unjust actions, and has subsequently misunderstood how later generations can advance claims rooted in the past mistreatment of their forebears. In particular, a (...)
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  30. Should Reparations Be to Individuals or to Groups?James W. Nickel - 1974 - Analysis 34 (5):154 - 160.
  31. Environmental Degradation, Reparations, and the Moral Significance of History.Simon Caney - 2006 - Journal of Social Philosophy 37 (3):464–482.
  32. German Reparations to the Jews After World War II: A Turning Point in the History of Reparations.Ariel Colonomos & Andrea Armstrong - 2006 - In Pablo De Greiff (ed.), The Handbook of Reparations. Oxford University Press. pp. 390--419.
  33. THE CASE FOR REPARATIONS.Robert K. Fullinwider - 2000 - Report From the Institute for Philosophy and Public Policy 20 (2):1-8.
  34.  24
    Reparative Reasoning: From Peirce's Pragmatism to Augustine's Scriptural Semiotic.Peter Ochs - 2009 - Modern Theology 25 (2):187-215.
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  35. Reparations and Civil Litigation: Compensation for Human Rights Violations in Transitional Democracies.Jaime E. Malamud-Goti, Lucas Sebastián Grosman & P. De Greiff - 2006 - In Pablo De Greiff (ed.), The Handbook of Reparations. Oxford University Press.
  36.  11
    Reparative Substitution and the ‘Efficacy Objection’: Toward a Modified Satisfaction Theory of Atonement.Joshua R. Farris & S. Mark Hamilton - 2017 - Perichoresis 15 (3):97-110.
    The doctrine of the atonement is a subject of perpetual curiosity for a number of contemporary theologians. The penal substitution theory of atonement in particular has precipitated a great deal of recent interest, being held up by many Protestants as ‘the’ doctrine of atonement. In this essay, we make a defense against the objection to the Anselmian theory of atonement that is often leveled against it by exponents of the Penal Substitution theory, namely, that Christ’s work does not accomplish anything (...)
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  37.  38
    Reparations for Luck Egalitarians.Roland Pierik - 2006 - Journal of Social Philosophy 37 (3):423–440.
    Two of the most important theories in contemporary liberal egalitarianism are Ronald Dworkin’s equality of resources and Amartya Sen’s capability approach. Recently Dworkin has claimed that Sen’s capability approach does not provide a genuine alternative to equality of resources. In this article, we provide both an internal and an external critique of Dworkin’s claim. In the first part of the article we develop an internal critique by providing a detailed analysis of Dworkin’s claim. Andrew Williams has contested Dworkin’s claim, but (...)
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  38. Reparative Justice and the Moral Limits of Discretionary Philanthropy.Chiara Cordelli - 2017 - In Philanthropy in Democratic Societies (UChicago Press, 2017).
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  39.  31
    Reparations to Individuals or Groups?Alan H. Goldman - 1975 - Analysis 35 (5):168 - 170.
  40.  64
    A Two-Tiered Reparations Theory: A Reply to Wenar.Thom Brooks - 2008 - Journal of Social Philosophy 39 (4):666-669.
    This paper argues that Leif Wenar's theory of reparations is not purely forward-looking and that backward-looking considerations play an important role: if there had never been a past injustice, then reparations for the future cannot be acceptable. Past injustice compose the first part of a two-tiered theory of reparations. We must first discover a past injustice has taken place: reparations are for the repair of previous damage. However, for Wenar, not all past injustices warrant reparations. (...)
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  41.  18
    Making Reparations Possible: Theorizing Reparative Justice.Margaret Urban Walker - unknown
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  42.  8
    Drug War Reparations.Jessica Flanigan & Christopher Freiman - 2020 - Res Philosophica 97 (2):141-168.
    Public officials should compensate the victims of wrongful conviction and enforcement. The same considerations in favor of compensating people for wrongful conviction and enforcement in other cases support officials’ payment of reparations to the victims of unjust enforcement practices related to the drug war. First, we defend the claim that people who are convicted and incarcerated because of an unjust law are wrongfully convicted. Although their convictions do not currently qualify as wrongful convictions in the legal sense, we argue (...)
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  43.  47
    On Reparations to Blacks for Slavery.Walter Block - 2002 - Human Rights Review 3 (4):53-73.
  44. Truth Telling as Reparations.Margaret Urban Walker - 2010 - Metaphilosophy 41 (4):525-545.
    : International instruments now defend a "right to the truth " for victims of political repression and violence and include truth telling about human rights violations as a kind of reparation as well as a form of redress. While truth telling about violations is obviously a condition of redress or repair for violations, it may not be clear how truth telling itself is a kind of reparations. By showing that concerted truth telling can satisfy four features of suitable (...) vehicles, I defend the idea that politically implemented modes of truth telling to, for, and by those who are victims of gross violation and injustice may with good reason be counted as a kind of reparations. Understanding the doubly symbolic character of reparations, however, makes clearer why truth telling is unlikely to be sufficient reparation for serious wrongs and is likely to be sensitive to the larger context of reparative activity and its social, political, and historical background. (shrink)
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  45. Race, Racism, and Reparations.J. Angelo Corlett - 2005 - Journal of Social Philosophy 36 (4):568–585.
  46.  85
    Reparations to Wronged Groups.Michael D. Bayles - 1973 - Analysis 33 (6):182 - 184.
  47. Historical Injustice and Reparation: Justifying Claims of Descendants.Janna Thompson - 2001 - Ethics 112 (1):114-135.
  48. A Lockean Argument for Black Reparations.Bernard R. Boxill - 2003 - The Journal of Ethics 7 (1):63-91.
    This is a defense of black reparations using the theory of reparations set out in John Locke''s The Second Treatise of Government. I develop two main arguments, what I call the ``inheritance argument'''' and the ``counterfactual argument,''''both of which have been thought to fail. In no case do I appeal to the false ideas that present day United States citizens are guilty of slavery or must pay reparation simply because the U.S. Government was once complicit in the crime.
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  49.  20
    Reparations.Andrew Valls - 2013 - In Hugh LaFollette (ed.), The International Encyclopedia of Ethics. Wiley-Blackwell.
  50.  43
    Justice in Reparations: The Cost of Memory and the Value of Talk.Christopher Kutz - 2004 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 32 (3):277-312.
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