Results for 'Replication'

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  1.  32
    The Return of the Replicator: What is Philosophically Significant in a General Account of Replication and Selection? [REVIEW]Bence Nanay - 2002 - Biology and Philosophy 17 (1):109-121.
    The aim of this paper is to outline a typologyof selection processes, and show that differentsub-categories have different explanatorypower. The basis of this typology of selectionprocesses is argued to be the difference ofreplication processes involved in them. Inorder to show this, I argue that: 1.Replication is necessary for selection and 2.Different types of replication lead todifferent types of selection. Finally, it isargued that this typology is philosophicallysignificant, since it contrasts cases ofselection (on the basis of the replicationprocesses involved (...)
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  2.  63
    Replication Without Replicators.Bence Nanay - 2011 - Synthese 179 (455):477.
    According to a once influential view of selection, it consists of repeated cycles of replication and interaction. It has been argued that this view is wrong: replication is not necessary for evolution by natural selection. I analyze the nine most influential arguments for this claim and defend the replication–interaction conception of selection against these objections. In order to do so, however, the replication–interaction conception of selection needs to be modified significantly. My proposal is that replication (...)
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  3.  11
    The Return of the Replicator: What is Philosophically Significant in a General Account of Replication and Selection? [REVIEW]B. Nanay - 2002 - Biology and Philosophy (1):109-121.
    The aim of this paper is to outline a typology of selection processes, and show that different sub-categories have different explanatory power. The basis of this typology of selection processes is argued to be the difference of replication processes involved in them. In order to show this, I argue that: 1. Replication is necessary for selection and 2. Different types of replication lead to different types of selection. Finally, it is argued that this typology is philosophically significant, (...)
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  4.  47
    What Does History Matter to Philosophy of Science? The Concept of Replication and the Methodology of Experiments.Jutta Schickore - 2011 - Journal of the Philosophy of History 5 (3):513-532.
    Scientists and philosophers generally agree that the replication of experiments is a key ingredient of good and successful scientific practice. “One-offs“ are not significant; experiments must be replicable to be considered valid and important. But the term “replication“ has been used in a number of ways, and it is therefore quite difficult to appraise the meaning and significance of replications. I consider how history may help - and has helped - with this task. I propose that: 1) Studies (...)
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  5.  9
    The Acid Test for Biological Science: STAP Cells, Trust, and Replication.Cheryl Lancaster - 2016 - Science and Engineering Ethics 22 (1):147-167.
    In January 2014, a letter and original research article were published in Nature describing a process whereby somatic mouse cells could be converted into stem cells by subjecting them to stress. These “stimulus-triggered acquisition of pluripotency” cells were shown to be capable of contributing to all cell types of a developing embryo, and extra-embryonic tissues. The lead author of the publications, Haruko Obokata, became an overnight celebrity in Japan, where she was dubbed the new face of Japanese science. However, in (...)
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  6.  43
    Changing Order: Replication and Induction in Scientific Practice.H. M. Collins - 1985 - University of Chicago Press.
    This fascinating study in the sociology of science explores the way scientists conduct, and draw conclusions from, their experiments. The book is organized around three case studies: replication of the TEA-laser, detecting gravitational rotation, and some experiments in the paranormal. "In his superb book, Collins shows why the quest for certainty is disappointed. He shows that standards of replication are, of course, social, and that there is consequently no outside standard, no Archimedean point beyond society from which we (...)
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  7. What Can Recent Replication Failures Tell Us About the Theoretical Commitments of Psychology?Stan Klein - 2014 - Theory and Psychology 24:326-338.
    I suggest that the recent, highly visible, and often heated debate over failures to replicate the results in the social sciences reveals more than the need for greater attention to the pragmatics and value of empirical falsification. It also is a symptom of a serious issue -- the underdeveloped state of theory in many areas of psychology. While I focus on the phenomenon of “social priming” -- since it figures centrally in current debate -- it is not the only area (...)
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  8.  3
    Mammalian Chromosomes Contain Cis‐Acting Elements That Control Replication Timing, Mitotic Condensation, and Stability of Entire Chromosomes.Mathew J. Thayer - 2012 - Bioessays 34 (9):760-770.
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  9.  19
    On the Opportunistic Nature of Transcription and Replication Initiation in the Metazoan Genome.Joana Sequeira‐Mendes & María Gómez - 2012 - Bioessays 34 (2):119-125.
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  10.  12
    The Experimenters' Regress Reconsidered: Replication, Tacit Knowledge, and the Dynamics of Knowledge Generation.Uljana Feest - 2016 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 58:34-45.
    This paper revisits the debate between Harry Collins and Allan Franklin, concerning the experimenters’ regress. Focusing my attention on a case study from recent psychology (regarding experimental evidence for the existence of a Mozart Effect), I argue that Franklin is right to highlight the role of epistemological strategies in scientific practice, but that his account does not sufficiently appreciate Collins’s point about the importance of tacit knowledge in experimental practice. In turn, Collins rightly highlights the epistemic uncertainty (and skepticism) surrounding (...)
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  11.  3
    Syllable-Dependent Pronunciation Latencies in Number Naming: A Replication.Stuart T. Klapp - 1974 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 102 (6):1138.
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  12.  5
    Control of DNA Replication: A New Facet of Hox Proteins?Benoit Miotto & Yacine Graba - 2010 - Bioessays 32 (9):800-807.
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  13.  8
    Selection Strategies for Eight Concept Rules with Exemplar and Nonexemplar Start Cards: A Within-Subjects Replication.Leonard M. Giambra - 1971 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 87 (1):143-145.
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  14.  7
    Of Circles, Forks and Humanity: Topological Organisation and Replication of Mammalian Mitochondrial DNA.Jaakko Lo Pohjoismäki & Steffi Goffart - 2011 - Bioessays 33 (4):290-299.
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  15.  5
    Discrimination Learning as a Function of Prior Discrimination and Nondifferential Training: A Replication.Kenneth O. Eck & David R. Thomas - 1970 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 83 (3p1):511.
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  16.  5
    On the Inhibitory Effect of a Second Stimulus Following the Primary Stimulus to React: A Successful Replication.Frederick L. Kitterle & Harry Helson - 1972 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 96 (1):138.
  17.  4
    Abstraction Over Time of Prototypes From Distortions of Random Dot Patterns: A Replication.Winifred Strange, Terrence Keeney, Frank S. Kessel & James J. Jenkins - 1970 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 83 (3, Pt.1):508-510.
  18.  4
    Metacontrast Inferred From Reaction Time and Verbal Report: Replication and Comments on the Fehrer-Biederman Experiment.Ira H. Bernstein, Vicki E. Amundson & Donald L. Schurman - 1973 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 100 (1):195.
  19.  4
    Stalled Replication Forks: Making Ends Meet for Recognition and Stabilization.Hisao Masai, Taku Tanaka & Daisuke Kohda - 2010 - Bioessays 32 (8):687-697.
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  20.  4
    Replication Stress, a Source of Epigenetic Aberrations in Cancer?Zuzana Jasencakova & Anja Groth - 2010 - Bioessays 32 (10):847-855.
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  21.  2
    Polycomb Group Proteins: Remembering How to Catch Chromatin During Replication.Ram Parikshan Kumar - 2009 - Bioessays 31 (8):822-825.
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  22.  1
    Proactive Inhibition and Undetected Rehearsal: A Replication.John P. Houston - 1971 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 90 (1):156-157.
  23. On Normativity and Epistemic Intuitions: Failure of Replication.Hamid Seyedsayamdost - 2015 - Episteme 12 (1):95-116.
    In one of the earlier influential papers in the field of experimental philosophy titled Normativity and Epistemic Intuitions published in 2001, Jonathan M. Weinberg, Shaun Nichols and Stephen Stich reported that respondents answered Gettier type questions differently depending on their ethnic background as well as socioeconomic status. There is currently a debate going on, on the significance of the results of Weinberg et al. (2001) and its implications for philosophical methodology in general and epistemology in specific. Despite the debates, however, (...)
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  24.  26
    Information, Complexity and Generative Replication.Geoffrey M. Hodgson & Thorbjørn Knudsen - 2007 - Biology and Philosophy 23 (1):47-65.
    The established definition of replication in terms of the conditions of causality, similarity and information transfer is very broad. We draw inspiration from the literature on self-reproducing automata to strengthen the notion of information transfer in replication processes. To the triple conditions of causality, similarity and information transfer, we add a fourth condition that defines a “generative replicator” as a conditional generative mechanism, which can turn input signals from an environment into developmental instructions. Generative replication must have (...)
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  25.  49
    Malpighi, Swammerdam and the Colourful Silkworm: Replication and Visual Representation in Early Modern Science.Matthew Cobb - 2002 - Annals of Science 59 (2):111-147.
    In 1669, Malpighi published the first systematic dissection of an insect. The manuscript of this work contains a striking water-colour of the silkworm, which is described here for the first time. On repeating Malpighi's pioneering investigation, Swammerdam found what he thought were a number of errors, but was hampered by Malpighi's failure to explain his techniques. This may explain Swammerdam's subsequent description of his methods. In 1675, as he was about to abandon his scientific researches for a life of religious (...)
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  26. Being a Good Nurse and Doing the Right Thing: A Replication Study.Shelia Catlett & Sherry R. Lovan - 2011 - Nursing Ethics 18 (1):54-63.
    This qualitative research study, a replication of a study published in 2002, investigated the qualities of a good nurse and the role ethics plays in decision making. After reviewing the limitations of the published work, the current study implemented modifications related to the research questions, sample selection, data collection, and use of software for data analysis. The original study identified seven categories that related to being a good nurse and doing the right thing. In the present study, the use (...)
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  27.  23
    Replication, Replication and Replication: Some Hard Lessons From Model Alignment.Bruce Edmonds - unknown
    A published simulation model Riolo et al. 2001 ) was replicated in two independent implementations so that the results as well as the conceptual design align. This double replication allowed the original to be analysed and critiqued with confidence. In this case, the replication revealed some weaknesses in the original model, which otherwise might not have come to light. This shows that unreplicated simulation models and their results can not be trusted - as with other kinds of experiment, (...)
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  28.  15
    The Role of Information and Replication in Selection Processes.Peter Godfrey-Smith - 2001 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (3):538-538.
    Hull et al. argue that information and replication are both essential ingredients in any selection process. But both information and replication are found in only some selection processes, and should not be included in abstract descriptions of selection intended to help researchers discover and describe selection processes in new domains.
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  29.  8
    The Evolution of Replication.Marion Blute - 2007 - Biological Theory 2 (1):10-22.
    If all origins of life or of any new grade, level, or major transition as such begin with “competitive development”—with juveniles rather than adults, and multiple individuals rather than a single one—then the evolution of progeneration and of replication always requires an explanation. This article proposes that principles of evolutionary ecology such as density-dependence can be used to explain three kinds of developmental repetitions, viz., sequences of inductive and niche-constructing interactions between the ecological environment and population members, which take (...)
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  30.  72
    Comments on “The Replication of the Hard Problem of Consciousness in AI and Bio-AI”.Blake H. Dournaee - 2010 - Minds and Machines 20 (2):303-309.
    In their joint paper entitled The Replication of the Hard Problem of Consciousness in AI and BIO-AI (Boltuc et al. Replication of the hard problem of conscious in AI and Bio- AI: An early conceptual framework 2008), Nicholas and Piotr Boltuc suggest that machines could be equipped with phenomenal consciousness, which is subjective consciousness that satisfies Chalmer’s hard problem (We will abbreviate the hard problem of consciousness as H-consciousness ). The claim is that if we knew the inner (...)
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  31.  7
    You Can't Go Home Again - or Can You? 'Replication' Indeterminacy and 'Location' Incommensurability in Three Biological Re-Surveys.Ayelet Shavit - unknown
    Reproducing empirical results and repeating experimental processes is fundamental to science, but is of grave concern to scientists. Revisiting the same location is necessary for tracking biological processes, yet I argue that ‘location’ and ‘replication’ contain a basic ambiguity. The analysis of the practical meanings of ‘replication’ and ‘location’ will strip of incommensurability from its common conflation with empirical equivalence, underdetermination and indeterminacy of reference. In particular, I argue that three biodiversity re-surveys, conducted by the research institutions of (...)
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  32.  3
    "Location" Incommensurability and "Replication" Indeterminacy: Clarifying an Entrenched Conflation by Using an Involved Approach.Ayelet Shavit - 2016 - Perspectives on Science 24 (4):425-442.
    This paper emerged from a decade of involvement in long-term bio-diversity surveys in places such as Yosemite Valley, Lassen National Park, New England Harvard Forest, and the Israeli Negev Desert. While actively engaged in the scientific work it was impossible not to notice the reoccurring discussions over how to replicate a survey to the same location. These two terms—“replication” and “location”—were necessary and basic for the scientists yet marginal in philosophical literature. The first two sections of this paper analyze (...)
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  33.  10
    Replication or Reproduction?: Symbiogenesis as an Alternative Theory.Michael Glassman - 2001 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (3):537-538.
    This commentary takes issue with the idea that replication is a “fundamental element” in natural selection. Such an assumption is based on a traditional, mechanistic view of evolution. A symbiogenetic theory of evolution offers an alternative to traditional theories, emphasizing reproduction and qualitative development rather than replication and quantitative development. The issues raised by the symbiogenetic alternative may be extended to discussions of behavioral development.
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  34.  21
    Multiply Concurrent Replication.David L. Hull & Sigrid S. Glenn - 2004 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (6):902-904.
    If selection is interpreted as involving repeated cycles of replication, variation, and environmental interaction so structured that environmental interaction causes replication to be differential, then selection in gene-based biological evolution and the reaction of the immune system to antigens are relatively unproblematic examples of selection processes. Operant learning and cultural evolution pose more serious problems. In this response we deal with operant learning as a selection process. Footnotes1 The authors regretfully inform readers that since the publication of our (...)
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  35.  21
    Two Stumbling Blocks to a General Account of Selection: Replication and Information.William M. Baum - 2001 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (3):528-528.
    When one takes the evolution of operant behavior as prototype, one sees that the term replication is too tied to the peculiarities of genetic evolution. A more general term is recurrence. The important problem raised by recurrence is not “information” but relationship: deciding when two occurrences belong to the same lineage. That is solved by looking at common environmental effects.
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  36.  8
    Biological Replication by Quantum Mechanical Interactions.L. Bass - 1977 - Foundations of Physics 7 (3-4):221-231.
    Wigner's quantum mechanical formulation of the problem of biological replication is examined with special reference to DNA. His necessary condition for replication is that the number of independent equations in his formulation should not exceed the number of unknowns. Explicit hypotheses concerning the relevant collision matrix are proposed without assuming biotonic modifications of quantum mechanics. Schrödinger's description of the gene as a low-temperature solid, combined with the concept of template, is given mathematical expression which fails to satisfy Wigner's (...)
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  37.  6
    Hierarchical Approach to Replication and Selection.Alexei A. Sharov - 1999 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (5):905-906.
    The major merit of Rose's book is the elaboration of the idea of multilevel causation in different explanatory languages. Yet Rose's critique of “ultra-Darwinism” is not convincing. Rose argues that activity and self-replication are properties of organisms rather than genes, which contradicts his idea of multilevel causation. Also, Rose fails to develop the concept of multilevel selection.
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  38.  3
    Replication in Selective Systems: Multiplicity of Carriers, Variation of Information, Iteration of Encounters.George N. Reeke - 2001 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (3):552-553.
    An analysis of biological selection aimed at deriving a mechanism-independent definition removes Hull et al.'s obligatory requirement for replication of the carriers of information, under conditions, such as those obtaining in the nervous system, where the information content of a carrier can be modified without duplication by an amount controlled by the outcome of interactions with the environment.
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  39. Attitudes Concerning Family Size in Poland: A Replication Study.Dolińska Barbara - 2014 - Polish Psychological Bulletin 45 (1):69-72.
    This article reports on a replication study of “Childless by choice? Attributions and attitudes concerning family size”, research published in Social Behavior and Personality and carried out by Valerie LaMastro in 2001. In the study presented in this paper the author examined the personality characteristics ascribed by naive perceivers to people with families of varying sizes. Students read one of twenty-four paragraphs describing a heterosexual couple who varied in the number of children they had and in male and female (...)
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  40. Functionalism and Replication.Jane Heal - 1986 - In Jeremy Butterfield (ed.), Language, Mind and Logic. Cambridge University Press.
     
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  41. On Gender and Philosophical Intuition: Failure of Replication and Other Negative Results.Hamid Seyedsayamdost - 2014 - Philosophical Psychology 28 (5):642-673.
    In their paper titled “Gender and philosophical intuition,” Buckwalter and Stich argue that the intuitions of women and men differ significantly on various types of philosophical questions. Furthermore, men's intuitions, so the authors claim, are more in line with traditionally accepted solutions of classical problems. This inherent bias, so the argument goes, is one of the factors that leads more men than women to pursue degrees and careers in philosophy. These findings have received a considerable amount of attention and the (...)
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  42. The Effects of Implicit Religious Primes on Dictator Game Allocations: A Preregistered Replication Experiment.Cristina M. Gomes & Michael E. McCullough - 2015 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 144 (6):e94-e104.
  43.  17
    Concerns of College Students Regarding Business Ethics: A Replication[REVIEW]Robert A. Peterson, Richard F. Beltramini & George Kozmetsky - 1991 - Journal of Business Ethics 10 (10):733 - 738.
    In 1984 we reported the results of surveying a nationwide sample of college students about selected business ethics issues. We concluded that (a) college students were in general concerned about the issues investigated and (b) female students were relatively more concerned than were male students. The present study replicated our earlier study and not only corroborated both of its conclusions, but also found a higher level of concern than had been observed previously.
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  44.  64
    Category Norms of Verbal Items in 56 Categories A Replication and Extension of the Connecticut Category Norms.William F. Battig & William E. Montague - 1969 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 80 (3p2):1.
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  45.  11
    A Replication of the 5–7day Dream-Lag Effect with Comparison of Dreams to Future Events as Control for Baseline Matching. [REVIEW]Mark Blagrove, Josie Henley-Einion, Amanda Barnett, Darren Edwards & C. Heidi Seage - 2011 - Consciousness and Cognition 20 (2):384-391.
    The dream-lag effect refers to there being, after the frequent incorporation of memory elements from the previous day into dreams , a lower incorporation of memory elements from 2 to 4 days before the dream, but then an increased incorporation of memory elements from 5 to 7 days before the dream. Participants kept a daily diary and a dream diary for 14 days and then rated the level of matching between every dream report and every daily diary record. Baseline matching (...)
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  46.  4
    Replication, Falsification, and the Crisis of Confidence in Social Psychology.Brian D. Earp & David Trafimow - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  47.  4
    Motor-Sensory Feedback and Geometry of Visual Space: An Attempted Replication.John Gyr, Richmond Willey & Adele Henry - 1979 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 2 (1):59-64.
  48.  14
    Influences Upon Organizational Ethical Subclimates: A Replication Study of a Single Firm at Two Points in Time. [REVIEW]James Weber & Julie E. Seger - 2002 - Journal of Business Ethics 41 (1-2):69 - 84.
    This research replicates Weber's 1995 study of a large financial services firm that found that ethical subclimates exist within multi-departmental organizations, are influenced by the function of the department and the stakeholders served, and are relatively stable over time. Relying upon theoretical models developed by Thompson (1967) and Victor and Cullen (1998), hypotheses are developed that predict the ethical subclimate decision-making dimensions and type for diverse departments within a large steel manufacturing firm and that these ethical subclimate types will be (...)
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  49.  3
    Identifying and Assessing Managerial Value Orientations: A Cross-Generational Replication Study of Key Organizational Decision-Makers’ Values.James Weber - 2015 - Journal of Business Ethics 132 (3):493-504.
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  50.  83
    Changing Order: Replication and Induction in Scientific Practice.C. Bazerman - 1989 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 19 (1):115-118.
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