Results for 'Research ethics'

1000+ found
Order:
See also
  1. Introduction: International Research Ethics Education.J. Millum - 2014 - Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics: An International Journal 9 (2):1-2.
    NIH's fogarty international Center has provided grants for the development of training programs in international research ethics for low- and middle-income (LMIC) professionals since 2000. Drawing on 12 years of research ethics training experience, a group of Fogarty grantees, trainees, and other ethics experts sought to map the current capacity and need for research ethics in LMICs, analyze the lessons learned about teaching bioethics, and chart a way forward for research ethics (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  2. Introduction: The Fogarty International Research Ethics Education and Curriculum Development Program in Historical Context.Joseph Millum, Christine Grady, Gerald Keusch & Barbara Sina - 2013 - Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics: An International Journal 8 (5):3-16.
    In response to the increasing need for research ethics expertise in low and middle income countries (LMICs), the NIH's Fogarty International Research Ethics Education and Curriculum Development Program has provided grants for the development of training programs in international research ethics for LMIC professionals since 2000. This collection of papers draws upon the combined expertise of Fogarty grantees, trainees, and other experts to assess the state of research ethics in LMICs, and the (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  3. Human Research Ethics Committees in Technical Universities.David Koepsell, Willem-Paul Brinkman & Sylvia Pont - 2014 - Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics 9 (3):67-73.
    Human research ethics has developed in both theory and practice mostly from experiences in medical research. Human participants, however, are used in a much broader range of research than ethics committees oversee, including both basic and applied research at technical universities. Although mandated in the United States, the United Kingdom, Canada, and Australia, non-medical research involving humans need not receive ethics review in much of Europe, Asia, Latin America, and Africa. Our survey (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  4. Should Research Ethics Encourage the Production of Cost-Effective Interventions?Govind Persad - 2016 - In Daniel Strech & Marcel Mertz (eds.), Ethics and Governance of Biomedical Research: Theory and Practice. Springer. pp. 13-28.
    This project considers whether and how research ethics can contribute to the provision of cost-effective medical interventions. Clinical research ethics represents an underexplored context for the promotion of cost-effectiveness. In particular, although scholars have recently argued that research on less-expensive, less-effective interventions can be ethical, there has been little or no discussion of whether ethical considerations justify curtailing research on more expensive, more effective interventions. Yet considering cost-effectiveness at the research stage can help (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  5. Six Domains of Research Ethics: A Heuristic Framework for the Responsible Conduct of Research.Kenneth D. Pimple - 2002 - Science and Engineering Ethics 8 (2):191-205.
    The purpose of this paper is to provide a simple yet comprehensive organizing scheme for the responsible conduct of research (RCR). The heuristic offered here should prove helpful in research ethics education, where the many and heterogeneous elements of RCR can be bewildering, as well as research into research integrity and efforts to form RCR policy and regulations. The six domains are scientific integrity, collegiality, protection of human subjects, animal welfare, institutional integrity, and social responsibility.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   40 citations  
  6.  9
    Dignity, Being and Becoming in Research Ethics.David G. Kirchhoffer - 2019 - In D. Kirchhoffer & B. Richards (eds.), Beyond Autonomy: Limits and Alternatives to Informed Consent in Research Ethics and Law. Cambridge:
    Since the end of World War II, most guidelines governing human research seem to have relied on the principle of respect for autonomy as a key, though not sole, criterion in assessing the moral validity of research involving human participants.1 One explanation for this apparent reliance on respect for autonomy may be that respect for autonomy, made effective through the practice of obtaining informed consent, functions as a useful proxy when dealing with competent adults for the more complex (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  7.  8
    Beneficence in Research Ethics.David G. Kirchhoffer, C. Favor & C. Cordner - 2019 - In D. Kirchhoffer & B. Richards (eds.), Beyond Autonomy: Limits and Alternatives to Informed Consent in Research Ethics and Law. Cambridge:
    This chapter examines the explicit and implicit roles that the concept of beneficence plays in the guidelines that govern biomedical research involving humans. We suggest that the role beneficence is actually playing in the guidelines is more comprehensive than is commonly assumed. The broader conceptualisation of beneficence proposed here clarifies the relationship of beneficence to respect for autonomy. It does this by showing how respect for autonomy is at the service of beneficence rather than in tension with it.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  8. Development and Pilot Testing of an Online Module for Ethics Education Based on the Nigerian National Code for Health Research Ethics.Olubunmi A. Ogunrin, Temidayo O. Ogundiran & Clement Adebamowo - 2013 - BMC Medical Ethics 14 (1):1-.
    Background: The formulation and implementation of national ethical regulations to protect research participants is fundamental to ethical conduct of research. Ethics education and capacity are inadequate in developing African countries. This study was designed to develop a module for online training in research ethics based on the Nigerian National Code of Health Research Ethics and assess its ease of use and reliability among biomedical researchers in Nigeria.MethodologyThis was a three-phased evaluation study. Phase one (...)
    Direct download (15 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  9.  92
    Evaluating Institutional Capacity for Research Ethics in Africa: A Case Study From Botswana. [REVIEW]Adnan A. Hyder, Waleed Zafar, Joseph Ali, Robert Ssekubugu, Paul Ndebele & Nancy Kass - 2013 - BMC Medical Ethics 14 (1):31.
    The increase in the volume of research conducted in Low and Middle Income Countries (LMIC), has brought a renewed international focus on processes for ethical conduct of research. Several programs have been initiated to strengthen the capacity for research ethics in LMIC. However, most such programs focus on individual training or development of ethics review committees. The objective of this paper is to present an approach to institutional capacity assessment in research ethics and (...)
    Direct download (15 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  10.  59
    Getting Beyond Form Filling: The Role of Institutional Governance in Human Research Ethics[REVIEW]Gary Allen - 2008 - Journal of Academic Ethics 6 (2):105-116.
    It has become almost a truism to describe the interaction between research ethics committees and researchers as being marred by distrust and conflict. The ethical conduct of researchers is increasingly a matter of institutional concern because of the degree to which non-compliance with national standards can expose the entire institution to risk. This has transformed research ethics into what some have described as a research ethics industry. In an operational sense, there is considerable focus (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  11.  37
    Teaching Research Ethics: Can Web-Based Instruction Satisfy Appropriate Pedagogical Objectives? [REVIEW]Brian Schrag - 2005 - Science and Engineering Ethics 11 (3):347-366.
    Ethical tasks faced by researchers in science and engineering as they engage in research include recognition of moral problems in their practice, finding solutions to those moral problems, judging moral actions and engaging in preventive ethics. Given these issues, appropriate pedagogical objectives for research ethics education include (1) teaching researchers to recognize moral issues in their research, (2) teaching researchers to solve practical moral problems in their research from the perspective of the moral agent, (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  12.  33
    Ethical Modernization: Research Misconduct and Research Ethics Reforms in Korea Following the Hwang Affair.Jongyoung Kim & Kibeom Park - 2013 - Science and Engineering Ethics 19 (2):355-380.
    The Hwang affair, a dramatic and far reaching instance of scientific fraud, shocked the world. This collective national failure prompted various organizations in Korea, including universities, regulatory agencies, and research associations, to engage in self-criticism and research ethics reforms. This paper aims, first, to document and review research misconduct perpetrated by Hwang and members of his research team, with particular attention to the agencies that failed to regulate and then supervise Hwang’s research. The paper (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  13.  32
    “Sherry’s Secret”: Case Study and Commentary on Research Ethics.Leslie R. Sims - 2001 - Science and Engineering Ethics 7 (1):147-150.
    The case and commentaries below were developed as part of a project, Graduate Research Ethics Education, undertaken by the Association for Practical and Professional Ethics with funding from the National Science Foundation (NSF Grant No. SBR 9421897 and NSF Grant No. 9817880). The project aims at training graduate students in research ethics and building a community of scientists and engineers who are interested in and capable of teaching research ethics. As part of the (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  14.  50
    Enhancing the Culture of Research Ethics on University Campuses.Kryste Ferguson, Sandra Masur, Lynne Olson, Julio Ramirez, Elisa Robyn & Karen Schmaling - 2007 - Journal of Academic Ethics 5 (2-4):189-198.
    Institutions create their own internal cultures, including the culture of ethics that pervades scientific research, academic policy, and administrative philosophy. This paper addresses some of the issues involved in institutional enhancement of its culture of research ethics, focused on individual empowerment and strategies that individuals can use to initiate institutional change.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  15.  15
    Can UK NHS Research Ethics Committees Effectively Monitor Publication and Outcome Reporting Bias?Rasheda Begum & Simon Kolstoe - 2015 - BMC Medical Ethics 16 (1):1-5.
    BackgroundPublication and outcome reporting bias is often caused by researchers selectively choosing which scientific results and outcomes to publish. This behaviour is ethically significant as it distorts the literature used for future scientific or clinical decision-making. This study investigates the practicalities of using ethics applications submitted to a UK National Health Service research ethics committee to monitor both types of reporting bias.MethodsAs part of an internal audit we accessed research ethics database records for studies submitting (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  16.  38
    A Model for Teaching Research Ethics.Arri Eisen & Kathy P. Parker - 2004 - Science and Engineering Ethics 10 (4):693-704.
    A model is described for implementing a program in research ethics education in the face of federal and institutional mandates and current resource, disciplinary, and infrastructure limitations. Also discussed are the historical background, content and evaluation process of the workshop at the heart of the program, which reaches a diverse group of over 250 students per year—from first-year graduate students in basic research labs to clinical fellows. The workshop addresses central issues in both everyday laboratory ethics (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  17.  27
    Polish Research Ethics Committees in the European Union System of Assessing Medical Experiments.Marek Czarkowski & Krzysztof Różanowski - 2009 - Science and Engineering Ethics 15 (2):201-212.
    The Polish equivalents of Research Ethics Committees are Bioethics Committees (BCs). A questionnaire study has been undertaken to determine their situation. The BC is usually comprised of 13 members. Nine of these are doctors and four are non-doctors. In 2006 BCs assessed an average of 27.3 ± 31.7 (range: 0–131) projects of clinical trials and 71.1 ± 139.8 (range: 0–638) projects of other types of medical research. During one BC meeting an average of 10.3 ± 14.7 (range: (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  18.  25
    A Troubled Dance: Doing the Work of Research Ethics Review. [REVIEW]Susan A. Tilley - 2008 - Journal of Academic Ethics 6 (2):91-104.
    The fast growing interest in the work of university ethics review boards is evident in the proliferation of research and literature in the area. This article focuses on a Research Ethics Board (REB) in the Canadian context. In-depth, open-ended interviews with REB members and findings from a qualitative study designed to examine the ethics review of school-based research are used to illustrate points raised in the paper. The author’s experiences as academic researcher, advisor to (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  19.  88
    Vulnerability in Research Ethics: A Way Forward.Margaret Meek Lange, Wendy Rogers & Susan Dodds - 2013 - Bioethics 27 (6):333-340.
    Several foundational documents of bioethics mention the special obligation researchers have to vulnerable research participants. However, the treatment of vulnerability offered by these documents often relies on enumeration of vulnerable groups rather than an analysis of the features that make such groups vulnerable. Recent attempts in the scholarly literature to lend philosophical weight to the concept of vulnerability are offered by Luna and Hurst. Luna suggests that vulnerability is irreducibly contextual and that Institutional Review Boards (Research Ethics (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   15 citations  
  20.  27
    Education of Research Ethics for Clinical Investigators with Moodle Tool.Arja Halkoaho, Mari Matveinen, Ville Leinonen, Kirsi Luoto & Tapani Keränen - 2013 - BMC Medical Ethics 14 (1):53.
    In clinical research scientific, legal as well as ethical aspects are important. It is well known that clinical investigators at university hospitals have to undertake their PhD-studies alongside their daily work and reconciling work and study can be challenging. The aim of this project was to create a web based course in clinical research bioethics (5 credits) and to examine whether the method is suitable for teaching bioethics. The course comprised of six modules: an initial examination (to assess (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  21.  31
    Reassessing the Role of the Biomedical Research Ethics Committee.Merryn Ekberg - 2012 - Journal of Academic Ethics 10 (4):335-352.
    The role of the Research Ethics Committee (REC) in the design, conduct and dissemination of scientific research is still evolving and many important questions remain unanswered. Hence, the aim of this paper is to address some of the uncertainty that exists around the role and responsibilities of RECs and to discuss some of the controversy that exists over the criteria that RECs should follow when evaluating a research proposal. The discussion is organised around five of the (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  22.  30
    How Research Ethics Boards Are Undermining Survey Research on Canadian University Students.J. Paul Grayson & Richard Myles - 2005 - Journal of Academic Ethics 2 (4):293-314.
    In Canada, all research conducted by individuals associated with universities must be subjected to review by research ethics boards (REB). Unfortunately, decisions reached by REBs may seriously compromise the integrity of university-based research. In this paper attention will focus on how requirements of REBs and a legal department in four Canadian universities affected response rates to a survey of domestic and international students. It will be shown that in universities in which students were sent a legalistic (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  23.  40
    Looking From the Outside/In: Re-Thinking Research Ethics Review. [REVIEW]Dominique Rivière - 2011 - Journal of Academic Ethics 9 (3):193-204.
    This paper shares my reflections on the research ethics review process, from the point of view of both a qualitative researcher and a member of an institutional research ethics review board. By considering research ethics review, first as practice, then as policy, as a relationship and, finally, as a performance, I attempt to outline a new vision of research ethics, one that engages seriously with the relationship between receiving ethics approval, and (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  24.  31
    Medical Ethics, Bioethics and Research Ethics Education Perspectives in South East Europe in Graduate Medical Education.Goran Mijaljica - 2014 - Science and Engineering Ethics 20 (1):237-247.
    Ethics has an established place within the medical curriculum. However notable differences exist in the programme characteristics of different schools of medicine. This paper addresses the main differences in the curricula of medical schools in South East Europe regarding education in medical ethics and bioethics, with a special emphasis on research ethics, and proposes a model curriculum which incorporates significant topics in all three fields. Teaching curricula of Medical Schools in Bulgaria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Serbia, (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  25. Good Ethics Can Sometimes Mean Better Science: Research Ethics and the Milgram Experiments.Dan McArthur - 2009 - Science and Engineering Ethics 15 (1):69-79.
    All agree that if the Milgram experiments were proposed today they would never receive approval from a research ethics board. However, the results of the Milgram experiments are widely cited across a broad range of academic literature from psychology to moral philosophy. While interpretations of the experiments vary, few commentators, especially philosophers, have expressed doubts about the basic soundness of the results. What I argue in this paper is that this general approach to the experiments might be in (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  26.  38
    Reflections on My Experience in Human Research Ethics.K. G. Davey - 2009 - Journal of Academic Ethics 7 (1-2):27-31.
    This paper was delivered at the 2009 annual conference of the National Council on Ethics in Human Research. It is a reflective piece based on many years of experience with human research ethics and the role of Research Ethics Boards in human participant research.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  27.  17
    Shortcomings of Protocols of Drug Trials in Relation to Sponsorship as Identified by Research Ethics Committees: Analysis of Comments Raised During Ethical Review.Marlies van Lent, Gerard A. Rongen & Henk J. Out - 2014 - BMC Medical Ethics 15 (1):83.
    Submission of study protocols to research ethics committees constitutes one of the earliest stages at which planned trials are documented in detail. Previous studies have investigated the amendments requested from researchers by RECs, but the type of issues raised during REC review have not been compared by sponsor type. The objective of this study was to identify recurring shortcomings in protocols of drug trials based on REC comments and to assess whether these were more common among industry-sponsored or (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  28.  33
    Research Ethics in Japanese Higher Education: Faculty Attitudes and Cultural Mediation. [REVIEW]Bruce Macfarlane & Yoshiko Saitoh - 2008 - Journal of Academic Ethics 6 (3):181-195.
    Principles of research ethics, derived largely from Western philosophical thought, are spreading across the world of higher education. Since 2006 the Japanese Ministry of Education has required universities in Japan to establish codes of ethical conduct and ensure that procedures are in place to punish research misconduct. Drawing on semi-structured interviews with 13 academics in a research-intensive university in Japan, this paper considers how research ethics is interpreted in relation to their own practice. Interviewees (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  29.  54
    Research Ethics in a Business School Context: The Establishment of a Review Committee and the Primary Issues of Concern. [REVIEW]Michelle Cunningham - 2010 - Journal of Academic Ethics 8 (1):43-66.
    This paper describes the establishment of and the issues experienced by the Research Ethics Committee (REC) of a Business School within a University in Ireland. It identifies the issue of voluntarily given informed consent as a key challenge for RECs operating in a Business School context. The paper argues that whilst the typology of ethical issues in business research are similar to the wider social sciences, the fact that much research is carried out in the workplace (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  30. Marketing Research Ethics: Researcher’s Obligations Toward Human Subjects.Sami Alsmadi - 2008 - Journal of Academic Ethics 6 (2):153-160.
    This paper addresses the growing concern over violation of research ethics in marketing, in particular rights of human subjects in fieldwork, notably the right to informed consent; right to privacy and confidentiality; and right not to be deceived or harmed as a result of participation in a research. The paper highlights the interaction of the three main parties involved in most marketing research: the sponsoring organization (client or user), researcher, and participant in the survey, focusing on (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  31.  38
    Students as Members of University-Based Academic Research Ethics Boards: A Natural Evolution.Nancy A. Walton, Alexander G. Karabanow & Jehangir Saleh - 2008 - Journal of Academic Ethics 6 (2):117-127.
    University based academic Research Ethics Boards (REB) face the particularly difficult challenge of trying to achieve representation from a variety of disciplines, methodologies and research interests. Additionally, many are currently facing another decision – whether to have students as REB members or not. At Ryerson University, we are uniquely situated. Without a medical school in which an awareness of the research ethics review process might be grounded, our mainly social science and humanities REB must also (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  32.  37
    The Importance of Ethical Appraisal in Social Science Research: Reviewing a Faculty of Humanities' Research Ethics Committee. [REVIEW]Katinka De Wet - 2010 - Journal of Academic Ethics 8 (4):301-314.
    Research Ethics Committees or Institutional Review Boards are rapidly becoming indispensable mechanisms in the overall workings of university institutions. In fact, the ethical dimension is an important aspect of research governance processes present in institutions of higher learning. However, it is often deemed that research in the social sciences do not require ethical appraisal or clearance, because of the alleged absence of harm in conducting such research. This is an erroneous and dangerous assumption given that (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  33.  26
    The Low Risk Research Ethics Application Process at CQUniversity Australia.Teresa Moore & Kristy Richardson - 2013 - Journal of Academic Ethics 11 (3):211-230.
    The CQUniversity Australia Human Research Ethics Committee (HREC) is a human ethics research committee registered under the auspices of the National Health and Medical Research Council. In 2009 an external review of CQUniversity Australia’s HREC policies and procedures recommended that a low risk research process be available to the institution’s researchers. Subsequently, in 2010 the Human Research Ethics Committee Low Risk Application Procedure came into operation. This paper examines the applications made under (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  34.  12
    Research Ethics Board (REB) Members’ Preparation for, and Perceived Knowledge of Research Ethics.Rylan Egan, Denise Stockley, Chi Yan Lam, Laura Kinderman & Alexandra S. Youmans - 2016 - Journal of Academic Ethics 14 (3):191-197.
    The Tri-Council Policy Statement: Ethical Conduct for Research Involving Humans was first developed to establish a standard of practice in research ethics by the three federal agencies responsible for funding institutional research in Canada: Canadian Institutes of Health Research, Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council, and Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council. In 2010, a second edition of the policy, known as the TCPS 2, was released with updated information and expanded coverage of (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  35.  16
    Catholic Social Teaching as a Framework for Research Ethics.Alan J. Kearns - 2014 - Journal of Academic Ethics 12 (2):145-159.
    The importance of having ethical oversight in research that is carried out on humans is well established. Research ethics, which is mainly influenced by a biomedical ethical framework, aims to ensure that the well-being and the rights of research participants are upheld and that any potential risks and harms are reduced. However, research is also considered to be a social activity with social effects. Therefore the principles of Catholic Social Teaching as a framework for (...) ethics may be significant. This paper outlines those principles and demonstrates how these principles may be used for: reflecting ethically on research , judging a research ethics proposal and providing guidelines for action in research. (shrink)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  36.  9
    Ethics Issues with Private Research Ethics Boards: A Breakout Session at the 2009 NCEHR National Conference. [REVIEW]Francis Rolleston, Jack Corman, Serge Gauthier, Paddi O’Hara & Rod Schmaltz - 2009 - Journal of Academic Ethics 7 (1-2):69-73.
    Research Ethics Boards (REBs) provide oversight for Canadians that research projects will comply with standards of ethics if the studies are carried out as described in the documents that have been approved. While REBs have traditionally been affiliated with institutions such as universities and hospitals, a number of factors - including the increased volume of research being conducted outside academic centres - have resulted in the establishment of some private or independent REBs. This, in turn, (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  37.  44
    Innovations in Research Ethics Governance in Humanitarian Settings.Doris Schopper, Angus Dawson, Ross Upshur, Aasim Ahmad, Amar Jesani, Raffaella Ravinetto, Michael J. Segelid, Sunita Sheel & Jerome Singh - 2015 - BMC Medical Ethics 16 (1):10.
    Médecins Sans Frontières is one of the world’s leading humanitarian medical organizations. The increased emphasis in MSF on research led to the creation of an ethics review board in 2001. The ERB has encouraged innovation in the review of proposals and the interaction between the ERB and the organization. This has led to some of the advances in ethics governance described in this paper.
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  38.  18
    Research Ethics Education in Post-Graduate Medical Curricula in I.R. Iran.Nazila Nikravanfard, Faezeh Khorasanizadeh & Kazem Zendehdel - 2017 - Developing World Bioethics 17 (2):77-83.
    Research ethics training during post-graduate education is necessary to improve ethical standards in the design and conduct of biomedical research. We studied quality and quantity of research ethics training in the curricula of post-graduate programs in the medical science in I.R. Iran. We evaluated curricula of 125 post-graduate programs in medical sciences in I.R. Iran. We qualitatively studied the curricula by education level, including the Master and PhD degrees and analyzed the contents and the amount (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  39.  18
    Emergency Care Research Ethics in Low- and Middle-Income Countries.Joseph Millum, Blythe Beecroft, Timothy C. Hardcastle, Jon Mark Hirshon, Adnan A. Hyder, Jennifer A. Newberry & Carla Saenz - 2019 - BMJ Global Health 4:e001260.
    A large proportion of the total global burden of disease is caused by emergency medical conditions. Emergency care research is essential to improving emergency medicine but this research can raise some distinctive ethical challenges, especially with regard to (1) standard of care and risk–benefit assessment; (2) blurring of the roles of clinician and researcher; (3) enrolment of populations with intersecting vulnerabilities; (4) fair participant selection; (5) quality of consent; and (6) community engagement. Despite the importance of research (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  40. International Research Ethics Education.J. Millum, B. Sina & R. Glass - 2015 - Journal of the American Medical Association 313 (5):461-62.
    This paper assesses the state of research ethics in low- and middle-income countries and the achievements of the Fogarty International Center's bioethics training program since 2000. The vision of FIC for the next decade of research ethics education is encapsulated in four proposed goals: (1) Ensure sufficient expertise in ethics review by having someone with long-term training on every high-workload REC; (2) Develop LMIC capacity to conduct original research on critical ethical issues by supporting (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  41.  22
    Views of the Process and Content of Ethical Reviews of Hiv Vaccine Trials Among Members of Us Institutional Review Boards and South African Research Ethics Committees.Robert Klitzman - 2008 - Developing World Bioethics 8 (3):207-218.
    ABSTRACTGiven the ethical controversies concerning HIV vaccine trials , we aimed to understand through an exploratory study how members of institutional review boards in the United States and research ethics committees in South Africa view issues concerning the process and content of reviews of these studies. We mailed packets of 20 questionnaires to 12 US IRB chairs and administrators and seven REC chairs to distribute to their members. We received 113 questionnaires . In both countries, members tended to (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  42.  42
    Enhancing Research Ethics Review Systems in Egypt: The Focus of an International Training Program Informed by an Ecological Developmental Approach to Enhancing Research Ethics Capacity.Hillary Anne Edwards, Tamer Hifnawy & Henry Silverman - 2015 - Developing World Bioethics 15 (3):199-207.
    Recently, training programs in research ethics have been established to enhance individual and institutional capacity in research ethics in the developing world. However, commentators have expressed concern that the efforts of these training programs have placed ‘too great an emphasis on guidelines and research ethics review’, which will have limited effect on ensuring ethical conduct in research. What is needed instead is a culture of ethical conduct supported by national and institutional commitment to (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  43. Emergency Research Ethics.A. M. Viens (ed.) - 2013 - Ashgate.
    The essays selected for this volume focus on issues that arise when attempting to design, review and undertake research involving human participants who are experiencing a private or public emergency. The main themes discussed by the essays are: the distinctive and significant ethical questions as to how research participants can be treated during emergency settings; the ethical challenges raised by emergencies for researchers undertaking research and its effects on the nature of research pursued; and procedural obstacles (...)
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  44.  24
    Impact of Three Years Training on Operations Capacities of Research Ethics Committees in Nigeria.Morenike Oluwatoyin Folayan, Aisha Adaranijo, Florita Durueke, Ademola Ajuwon, Adebayo Adejumo, Oliver Ezechi, Kola Oyedeji & Olayide Akanni - 2012 - Developing World Bioethics 12 (3):1-14.
    This paper describes a three-year project designed to build the capacity of members of research ethics committes to perform their roles and responsibilities efficiently and effectively. The project participants were made up of a cross-section of the membership of 13 Research Ethics Committees (RECs) functioning in Nigeria. They received training to develop their capacity to evaluate research protocols, monitor trial implementation, provide constructive input to trial staff, and assess the trial's success in promoting community engagement (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  45.  14
    A Role for Research Ethics Committees in Exchanges of Human Biospecimens Through Material Transfer Agreements.Donald Chalmers, Dianne Nicol, Pilar Nicolás & Nikolajs Zeps - 2014 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 11 (3):301-306.
    International transfers of human biological material (biospecimens) and data are increasing, and commentators are starting to raise concerns about how donor wishes are protected in such circumstances. These exchanges are generally made under contractual material transfer agreements (MTAs). This paper asks what role, if any, should research ethics committees (RECs) play in ensuring legal and ethical conduct in such exchanges. It is recommended that RECs should play a more active role in the future development of best practice MTAs (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  46.  39
    Clinical Audit and Reform of the UK Research Ethics Review System.E. Cave & C. Nichols - 2007 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 28 (3):181-203.
    There is an international consensus that medical research involving humans should only be undertaken in accordance with ethical principles. Paradoxically though, there is no consensus over the kinds of activities that constitute research and should be subject to review. In the UK and elsewhere, research requiring review is distinguished from clinical audit. Unfortunately the two activities are not always easy to differentiate from one another. Moreover, as the volume of audit increases and becomes more formal in response (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  47.  8
    Mapping Research Ethics Committees in Africa: Evidence of the Growth of Ethics Review of Health Research in Africa.Boitumelo Mokgatla, Carel IJsselmuiden, Doug Wassenaar & Mary Kasule - 2018 - Developing World Bioethics 18 (4):341-348.
    Health research initiatives worldwide are growing in scope and complexity, particularly as they move into the developing world. Expanding health research activity in low- and middle-income countries has resulted in a commensurate rise in the need for sound ethical review structures and functions in the form of Research Ethics Committees. The urgent need for continued capacity development in Africa has necessitated research initiatives to identify existing capacity. This discussion paper describes the mapping of RECs in (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  48.  61
    Research Ethics Capacity Development in Africa: Exploring a Model for Individual Success.A. L. I. Joseph, Adnan A. Hyder & Nancy E. Kass - 2012 - Developing World Bioethics 12 (2):55-62.
    The Johns Hopkins-Fogarty African Bioethics Training Program (FABTP) has offered a fully-funded, one-year, non-degree training opportunity in research ethics to health professionals, ethics committee members, scholars, journalists and scientists from countries across sub-Saharan Africa. In the first 9 years of operation, 28 trainees from 13 African countries have trained with FABTP. Any capacity building investment requires periodic critical evaluation of the impact that training dollars produce. In this paper we describe and evaluate FABTP and the efforts of (...)
    Direct download (17 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  49.  43
    Research Ethics Committees: A Regional Approach.Cheryl Cox Macpherson - 1999 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 20 (2):161-179.
    Guidelines for Institutional Review Boards (IRBs) or research ethics committees exist at national and international levels. These guidelines are based on ethical principles and establish an internationally acceptable standard for the review and conduct of medical research. Having attained a multinational consensus about what these fundamental guidelines should be, IRBs are left to interpret the guidelines and devise their own means of implementing them. Individual and community values bear on the interpretation of the guidelines so different IRBs (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  50.  49
    Going From Principles to Rules in Research Ethics.Benjamin Sachs - 2011 - Bioethics 25 (1):9-20.
    In research ethics there is a canon regarding what ethical rules ought to be followed by investigators vis-à-vis their treatment of subjects and a canon regarding what fundamental ethical principles apply to the endeavor. What I aim to demonstrate here is that several of the rules find no support in the principles. This leaves anyone who would insist that we not abandon those rules in the difficult position of needing to establish that we are nevertheless justified in believing (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
1 — 50 / 1000