Results for 'Reuter D. B.'

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  1.  57
    The locked-in syndrome and the behaviorist epistemology of other minds.M. Moskopp Kurthen, Linke D. & Reuter D. B. - 1991 - Theoretical Medicine 12 (March):69-79.
    In this paper, the problem of correct ascriptions of consciousness to patients in neurological intensive care medicine is explored as a special case of the general philosophical other minds problem. It is argued that although clinical ascriptions of consciousness and coma are mostly based on behavioral evidence, a behaviorist epistemology of other minds is not likely to succeed. To illustrate this, the so-called total locked-in syndrome, in which preserved consciousness is combined with a total loss of motor abilities due to (...)
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  2. Experimental Philosophy of Consciousness.Kevin Reuter - 2020 - In Joshua Knobe & Shaun Nichols (eds.), The Oxford Studies in Experimental Philosophy. Oxford University Press.
    Experimental philosophy of consciousness aims to investigate and explain our thinking about phenomenally conscious states. Based on empirical studies, researchers have argued (a) that we lack a folk concept of consciousness, (b) that we do not think entities like Microsoft feel regret, (c) that unfelt pains are widely accepted, and (d) that people do not attribute phenomenally conscious states to duplicated hamsters. In this article, I review these and other intriguing claims about people’s understanding of phenomenal consciousness. In doing so, (...)
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  3.  2
    A global profession: medical values in China and the United States--introduction.D. B. Wang - 2000 - Hastings Center Report 30 (4):S2 - S2.
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  4. Susan Schneider's Proposed Tests for AI Consciousness: Promising but Flawed.D. B. Udell & Eric Schwitzgebel - 2021 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 28 (5-6):121-144.
    Susan Schneider (2019) has proposed two new tests for consciousness in AI (artificial intelligence) systems, the AI Consciousness Test and the Chip Test. On their face, the two tests seem to have the virtue of proving satisfactory to a wide range of consciousness theorists holding divergent theoretical positions, rather than narrowly relying on the truth of any particular theory of consciousness. Unfortunately, both tests are undermined in having an ‘audience problem’: Those theorists with the kind of architectural worries that motivate (...)
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  5. Nepotistic patterns of violent psychopathy: evidence for adaptation?D. B. Krupp, L. A. Sewall, M. L. Lalumière, C. Sheriff & G. T. Harris - 2012 - Frontiers in Psychology 3:1-8.
    Psychopaths routinely disregard social norms by engaging in selfish, antisocial, often violent behavior. Commonly characterized as mentally disordered, recent evidence suggests that psychopaths are executing a well-functioning, if unscrupulous strategy that historically increased reproductive success at the expense of others. Natural selection ought to have favored strategies that spared close kin from harm, however, because actions affecting the fitness of genetic relatives contribute to an individual’s inclusive fitness. Conversely, there is evidence that mental disorders can disrupt psychological mechanisms designed to (...)
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  6. On Cultural Relativism and" Radical Doubt".D. B. Zilberman - 1995 - Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science 164:359-359.
  7. A Pluralistic Account of Intellectual Property.D. B. Resnik - 2003 - Journal of Business Ethics 46 (4):319-335.
    This essay reviews six different approaches to intellectual property. It and argues that none of these accounts provide an adequate justification of intellectual property laws and policies because (1) there are many different types of intellectual property, and (2) a variety of incommensurable values play a role in the justification of intellectual property. The best approach to intellectual property is to assess and balance competing moral values in light of the particular facts and circumstances.
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  8.  30
    Ὦ φλτατ'.D. B. Gregor - 1957 - The Classical Review 7 (01):14-15.
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  9.  49
    The influence of efficient atomic packing on the constitution of metallic glasses.D. B. Miracle, W. S. Sanders & O. N. Senkov - 2003 - Philosophical Magazine 83 (20):2409-2428.
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  10.  23
    Critical psychiatry: the limits of madness.D. B. Double (ed.) - 2006 - New York: Palgrave-Macmillan.
    Psychiatry is increasingly dominated by the reductionist claim that mental illness is caused by neurobiological abnormalities such as chemical imbalances in the brain. Critical psychiatry does not believe that this is the whole story and proposes a more ethical foundation for practice. This book describes an original framework for renewing mental health services in alliance with people with mental health problems. It is an advance over the polarization created by the "anti-psychiatry" of the past.
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  11. Shame as a Tool for Persuasion in Plato's Gorgias.D. B. Futter - 2009 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 47 (3):451-461.
    In Gorgias, Socrates stands accused of argumentative "foul play" involving manipulation by shame. Polus says that Socrates wins the fight with Gorgias by shaming him into the admission that "a rhetorician knows what is right . . . and would teach this to his pupils" . And later, when Polus himself has been "tied up" and "muzzled" , Callicles says that he was refuted only because he was ashamed to reveal his true convictions. These allegations, if justified, directly undermine Socrates' (...)
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  12. Responsibility for health: personal, social, and environmental.D. B. Resnik - 2007 - Journal of Medical Ethics 33 (8):444-445.
    Most of the discussion in bioethics and health policy concerning social responsibility for health has focused on society’s obligation to provide access to healthcare. While ensuring access to healthcare is an important social responsibility, societies can promote health in many other ways, such as through sanitation, pollution control, food and drug safety, health education, disease surveillance, urban planning and occupational health. Greater attention should be paid to strategies for health promotion other than access to healthcare, such as environmental and public (...)
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  13. The commodification of human reproductive materials.D. B. Resnik - 1998 - Journal of Medical Ethics 24 (6):388-393.
    This essay develops a framework for thinking about the moral basis for the commodification of human reproductive materials. It argues that selling and buying gametes and genes is morally acceptable although there should not be a market for zygotes, embryos, or genomes. Also a market in gametes and genes should be regulated in order to address concerns about the adverse social consequences of commodification.
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  14.  37
    Teaching, learning and thirdness.D. B. Gowin - 1961 - Studies in Philosophy and Education 1 (3):87-113.
  15. Fear.D. B. Morton - 1998 - In Marc Bekoff & Carron A. Meaney (eds.), Encyclopedia of Animal Rights and Animal Welfare. Greenwood Press. pp. 171.
     
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  16.  47
    Authorship policies of bioethics journals.D. B. Resnik & Z. Master - 2011 - Journal of Medical Ethics 37 (7):424-428.
    Inappropriate authorship is a common problem in biomedical research and may be becoming one in bioethics, due to the increase in multiple authorship. This paper investigates the authorship policies of bioethics journals to determine whether they provide adequate guidance for researchers who submit articles for publication, which can help deter inappropriate authorship. It was found that 63.3% of bioethics journals provide no guidance on authorship; 36.7% provide guidance on which contributions merit authorship, 23.3% provide guidance on which contributions do not (...)
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  17. Historical perspectives on anti-psychiatry.D. B. Double - 2006 - In Critical Psychiatry: The Limits of Madness. Palgrave-Macmillan. pp. 19--39.
  18.  40
    Eliminating the daily life risks standard from the definition of minimal risk.D. B. Resnik - 2005 - Journal of Medical Ethics 31 (1):35-38.
    The phrase “minimal risk,” as defined in the United States’ federal research regulations, is ambiguous and poorly defined. This article argues that most of the ambiguity that one finds in the phrase stems from the “daily life risks” standard in the definition of minimal risk. In this article, the author argues that the daily life risks standard should be dropped and that “minimal risk” should be defined as simply “the probability and magnitude of the harm or discomfort anticipated in research (...)
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  19.  37
    Re-consenting human subjects: ethical, legal and practical issues.D. B. Resnik - 2009 - Journal of Medical Ethics 35 (11):656-657.
    Informed consent is one of the foundational ethical and legal requirements of research with human subjects. The Nuremberg Code, the Helsinki Declaration, the Belmont Report, the Common Rule and many other laws and codes require that research subjects make a voluntary, informed choice to participate in research.12345 Informed consent is based on the moral principle of respect for autonomy, which holds that rational individuals have a right to make decisions and take actions that reflect their values and preferences. 6 Whereas (...)
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  20.  29
    Edit, cut and paste in the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor gene family ofDrosophila melanogaster.D. B. Sattelle, A. K. Jones, B. M. Sattelle, K. Matsuda, R. Reenan & P. C. Biggin - 2005 - Bioessays 27 (4):366-376.
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  21.  18
    Organicity of the phenomenon of culture as an explication of vitality.D. B. Svyrydenko, O. D. Yatsenko & O. V. Prudnikova - 2019 - Anthropological Measurements of Philosophical Research 16:7-23.
    Purpose. The aim of the article is to clarify the content of the concept of culture as an explication of vitality within the philosophy of life and its further modifications in current problems of contemporary. The analysis performed standing from the point, that contrasting of nature and culture is irrelevant, since culture does not contradict natural determinants and patterns, but rather qualitatively alters them. So, are justified the idea of culture as a phenomenon that exist accordingly and in proportion to (...)
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  22.  33
    Enhanced dimension-specific visual working memory in grapheme-color synesthesia.D. B. Terhune, O. A. Wudarczyk, P. Kochuparampil & R. C. Kadosh - 2013 - Cognition 129 (1):123-137.
  23.  36
    Gaius on Intestacy H. L. Nelson, U. Manthe: Gai Institutiones III. 1–87: Intestaterbfolge und sonstige Arten von Gesamtnachfolge; Freiburger Rechtsgeschichtlich Abhandlungen, N.F. Bd. 15. (Studia Gaiana, 7) Pp. x+265; 5 figs. Berlin: Duncker und Humblot, 1992. Paper, DM 148. [REVIEW]D. B. Walters - 1994 - The Classical Review 44 (02):320-322.
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  24.  38
    Lucia Fanizza: L'Assenza dell' Accusato nei Processi di Età Imperiale. (Studia Juridica, 85.) Pp. 139. Rome: Università di Bari/Bretschneider, 1992. Paper. [REVIEW]D. B. Walters - 1994 - The Classical Review 44 (2):412-412.
  25.  44
    Eclecticism and Adolf Meyer's functional understanding of mental illness.D. B. Double - 2007 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 14 (4):pp. 356-358.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:Eclecticism and Adolf Meyer’s Functional Understanding of Mental IllnessD. B. Double (bio)KeywordsAdolf Meyer, eclecticism, functionalism, biopsychosocial modelGhaemi’s Commentary and Meyer’s ‘Eclecticism’I am not against humanism. How could anyone be against the humanistic wisdom rooted in the worthy writings of Socrates, Hippocrates, Shakespeare, Cervantes, Osler, and the others listed by Nassir Ghaemi? Psychiatry should recognize the dignity and value of all people. The problem is that it may not always (...)
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  26.  73
    Adolf Meyer's psychobiology and the challenge for biomedicine.D. B. Double - 2007 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 14 (4):pp. 331-339.
    George Engel’s biopsychosocial model was associated with the critique of biomedical dogmatism and acknowledged the historical precedence of the work of Adolf Meyer. However, the importance of Meyer’s psychobiology is not always recognized. One of the reasons may be because of his tendency to compromise with biomedical attitudes. This paper restates the Meyerian perspective, explicitly acknowledging the split between biomedical and biopsychological approaches in the origin of modern psychiatry. Our present-day understanding of this conflict is confounded by reactions to ‘anti-psychiatry.’ (...)
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  27.  57
    An enquiry concerning the logic used in psychoanalysis.D. B. Duff - 1930 - Mind 39 (156):462-465.
  28. A Multicenter Weighted Lottery to Equitably Allocate Scarce COVID-19 Therapeutics.D. B. White, E. K. McCreary, C. H. Chang, M. Schmidhofer, J. R. Bariola, N. N. Jonassaint, Parag A. Pathak, G. Persad, R. D. Truog, T. Sonmez & M. Utku Unver - 2022 - American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine 206 (4):503–506.
    Shortages of new therapeutics to treat coronavirus disease (COVID-19) have forced clinicians, public health officials, and health systems to grapple with difficult questions about how to fairly allocate potentially life-saving treatments when there are not enough for all patients in need (1). Shortages have occurred with remdesivir, tocilizumab, monoclonal antibodies, and the oral antiviral Paxlovid (2) -/- Ensuring equitable allocation is especially important in light of the disproportionate burden experienced during the COVID-19 pandemic by disadvantaged groups, including Black, Hispanic/Latino and (...)
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  29. Attention, consciousness, sleep, and wakefulness.D. B. Lindsley - 1960 - In H. W. Magoun & V. Hall (eds.), Handbook of Physiology. Section I: Neurophysiology. American Physiological Society.
  30.  24
    Continuous Re-Creation and Atomic Time in Muslim Scholastic Theology.D. B. Macdonald - 1927 - Isis 9 (2):326-344.
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  31. Love and Justice, Selections from the Shorter Writings of Reinhold Niebuhr.D. B. Robertson - 1957
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  32.  38
    The psychology of conscience.D. B. Klein - 1930 - International Journal of Ethics 40 (2):246-262.
  33.  31
    Building a philosophy of education.D. B. Gowin - 1961 - Studies in Philosophy and Education 2 (1):39-51.
  34.  13
    "BUILDING A PHILOSOPHY OF EDUCATION" by Harry S. Broudy.D. B. Gowin - 1961 - Studies in Philosophy and Education 2 (1):39.
  35.  69
    The Art of Educating with V Diagrams.D. B. Gowin - 2005 - Cambridge University Press. Edited by D. B. Gowin.
    This book focuses on the mind and its ability to seek answers to unknown or unanswered questions. The theory of educating provides the grounding for using V diagrams by students, educators, researchers, and parents. Teachers make lesson plans using V diagrams and concept maps. They become expert coaches in guiding student performances. Students learn to construct their own knowledge. They change from question-answerers to question-askers. Parents share meaning with their children and their children's teachers and administrators. Administrators monitor programs and (...)
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  36. The Evaluation Document Philosophic Structure.D. B. Gowin & Thomas Green - 1980 - Research on Evaluation Program, Northwest Regional Educational Laboratory.
     
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  37.  26
    Teaching, learning and thirdness revisited.D. B. Gowin - 1962 - Studies in Philosophy and Education 2 (3):287-298.
  38.  22
    Rissalat al Tawhid. Cheikh Mohammed Abdou, B. Michel, Cheikh Moustapha Abdel Razik.D. B. Macdonald - 1927 - Isis 9 (3):456-457.
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  39.  79
    Obituary.D. B. Sharma - 1987 - Journal of Indian Philosophy 15 (2):111-114.
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  40. 1 Complexity of Computational Problems.D. B. Shmoys & E. Tardos - forthcoming - Complexity.
  41. Obeying rules and following instructions.D. B. Burrell - 1967 - In Frederick J. Crosson (ed.), Philosophy And Cybernetics. Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame Press.
     
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  42.  29
    Le Pelerinage a la Mekke; Etude d'histoire religieuse. Annales du Musee Guimet. Maurice Gaudefroy-Demonbynes.D. B. Macdonald - 1926 - Isis 8 (1):209-210.
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  43.  14
    La Syrie a l'epoque des Mamelouks d'apres les Auteurs ArabesMaurice Gaudefroy-Demombynes.D. B. Macdonald - 1924 - Isis 6 (4):561-563.
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  44.  26
    The Dove's Neckring about Love and LoversAbū Muḥammad `Alī ibn Ḥazim al Andalusī D. K. Pétrof A. R. Nykl.D. B. Macdonald - 1932 - Isis 17 (2):430-431.
  45.  19
    The cosmic field tensor in bimetric general relativity.D. B. Kerrighan - 1985 - Foundations of Physics 15 (3):379-386.
    We construct all cosmic field tensors which are symmetric rank-two tensor concomitants of a metric and a background metric and which have zero divergence when the background metric satisfies the generalized De Donder condition. The resulting background cosmic field represents an Einstein space-time.
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  46. Colored Shirts and Politics.D. B. Klein - 1939 - Journal of Social Philosophy and Jurisprudence 5:326.
     
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  47.  8
    Eclecticism versus system-making in psychology.D. B. Klein - 1930 - Psychological Review 37 (6):488-496.
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  48.  22
    Psychology and Freud: an historico-critical appraisal.D. B. Klein - 1933 - Psychological Review 40 (5):440-456.
  49.  4
    Psychology's progress and the armchair taboo.D. B. Klein - 1942 - Psychological Review 49 (3):226-234.
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  50.  9
    Scientific understanding in psychology.D. B. Klein - 1932 - Psychological Review 39 (6):552-569.
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