Results for 'Revisionism'

815 found
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  1. Revisionist Accounts of Free Will: Origins, Varieties, and Challenges.Manuel Vargas - 2011 - In Robert Kane (ed.), Oxford Handbook on Free Will, 2nd Edition. Oxford University Press.
    The present chapter is concerned with revisionism about free will. It begins by offering a new characterization of revisionist accounts and the way such accounts fit (or do not) in the familiar framework of compatibilism and incompatibilism. It then traces some of the recent history of the development of revisionist accounts, and concludes by remarking on some challenges for them.
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  2.  75
    Revisionist Responses to the Amoralism Objection: A Reply to Julia Markovits.Christopher Cowie - 2016 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 19 (3):711-723.
    Some subjectivist views of practical reasons entail that some people, in some cases, lack sufficient reasons to act as morality requires of them. This is often thought to form the basis of an objection to these subjectivist views: ‘the amoralism objection’. This objection has been developed at length by Julia Markovits in her recent book Moral Reason. But Markovits—alongside many other proponents of this objection—does not explicitly consider that her objection is premised on a claim that her opponents deny on (...)
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  3.  59
    Revisionism and Desert.Lene Bomann-Larsen - 2010 - Criminal Law and Philosophy 4 (1):1-16.
    Revisionists claim that the retributive intuitions informing our responsibility-attributing practices are unwarranted under determinism, not only because they are false, but because if we are all victims of causal luck, it is unfair to treat one another as if we are deserving of moral and legal sanctions. One revisionist strategy recommends a deflationary concept of moral responsibility, and that we justify punishment in consequentialist rather than retributive terms. Another revisionist strategy recommends that we eliminate all concepts of guilt, blame and (...)
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  4. Revisionism: Essays on the History of Marxist Ideas. [REVIEW]J. B. R. - 1963 - Review of Metaphysics 17 (2):312-313.
    A collection of articles, many of which have appeared in Soviet Survey, by an impressive list of international scholars, dealing with the history and revival of Marxist thought. The diversity of points of view serves as an excellent introduction to the many facets of Marxism and Revisionism during the past seventy-five years.--R. J. B.
     
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  5.  45
    Revisionism, Libertarianism, and Naturalistic Plausibility.Michael Robinson - 2015 - Philosophical Studies 172 (10):2651-2658.
    In his book, Building Better Beings, Manuel Vargas argues that we should reject libertarianism, on the grounds that it is naturalistically implausible, and embrace revisionism rather than eliminativism, on the grounds that the former is a shorter departure from ordinary thinking about moral responsibility. I argue that Vargas fails to adequately appreciate the extent to which ordinary judgments about moral responsibility involve ascriptions of basic desert as well as the centrality of basic desert in the ordinary conception of moral (...)
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  6. The Revisionist’s Guide to Responsibility.Manuel Vargas - 2005 - Philosophical Studies 125 (3):399-429.
    Revisionism in the theory of moral responsibility is the idea that some aspect of responsibility practices, attitudes, or concept is in need of revision. While the increased frequency of revisionist language in the literature on free will and moral responsibility is striking, what discussion there has been of revisionism about responsibility and free will tends to be critical. In this paper, I argue that at least one species of revisionism, moderate revisionism, is considerably more sophisticated and (...)
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  7. Revisionism About Free Will: A Statement & Defense.Manuel Vargas - 2009 - Philosophical Studies 144 (1):45-62.
    This article summarizes the moderate revisionist position I put forth in Four Views on Free Will and responds to objections to it from Robert Kane, John Martin Fischer, Derk Pereboom, and Michael McKenna. Among the principle topics of the article are (1) motivations for revisionism, what it is, and how it is different from compatibilism and hard incompatibilism, (2) an objection to the distinctiveness of semicompatibilism against conventional forms of compatibilism, and (3) whether moderate revisionism is committed to (...)
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  8. Evolutionary Revisionism and the Integrity of the Manifest Scheme.Filip Buekens - 2010 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 72 (1):101-129.
     
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  9.  52
    A Revisionist Theory of Racism: Rejecting the Presumption of Conservatism.Alberto G. Urquidez - 2020 - Journal of Social Philosophy 51 (2):1-30.
    Many theories of racism presuppose that ordinary usage of the term “racism” should be preserved. Rarely is this presupposition—the presumption of conservatism—defended. This paper discusses the work of Lawrence Blum, Joshua Glasgow, Jorge Garcia, Tommie Shelby, and others, in order to develop a critique of the presumption of conservatism. Against this presumption, I defend the following desideratum: If ordinary usage of “racism” prompts significant practical difficulties that can be averted by revising ordinary usage, then this counts as a mark against (...)
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  10. Logical Revisionism: Logical Rules Vs. Structural Rules.Fabrice Pataut - unknown
    As far as logic is concerned, the conclusion of Michael Dummett's manifestability argument is that intuitionistic logic, as first developed by Heyting, satisfies the semantic requirements of antirealism. The argument may be roughly sketched as follows: since we cannot manifest a grasp of possibly justification-transcendent truth conditions, we must countenance conditions which are such that, at least in principle and by the very nature of the case, we are able to recognize that they are satisfied whenever they are. Intuitionistic logic (...)
     
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  11. The Revisionist Turn: A Brief History of Recent Work on Free Will.Manuel Vargas - 2010 - In Jesus Aguilar, Andrei Buckareff & Keith Frankish (eds.), New Waves in Philosophy of Action. Palgrave.
    I’ve been told that in the good old days of the 1970s, when Quine’s desert landscapes were regarded as ideal real estate and David Lewis and John Rawls had not yet left a legion of influential students rewriting the terrain of metaphysics and ethics respectively, compatibilism was still compatibilism about free will. And, of course, incompatibilism was still incompatibilism about free will. That is, compatibilism was the view that free will was compatible with determinism. Incompatibilism was the view that free (...)
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  12.  27
    Revisionism in the Twentieth Century: A Bankrupt Concept or Permanent Practice?Evi Gkotzaridis - 2008 - The European Legacy 13 (6):725-741.
    Written in the wake of a critical incident which the author considers worrying and yet characteristic of the times we live in, this article contends that the conflation heretofore evident between critical historical thinking (revisionism) and negationism is ultimately harmful to the historical discipline since it can serve the interests of the deniers and indirectly grant an argument to radical postmodernists who demote history to a loosely constructed form of personal fiction. On the other hand, it also eschews the (...)
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  13. Revisionist and Postliberal Theologies and the Public Character of Theology.William C. Placher - 1985 - The Thomist 49 (3):392-416.
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  14.  17
    Normative Revisionism About Student Cheating.Odysseus Makridis & Fred Englander - 2021 - Journal of Academic Ethics 19 (1):1-23.
    This paper considers characteristic views advanced in the past fifteen years that may be considered relatively sympathetic to student practices of cheating on graded assignments or exams. We detect and analyze typical fallacies that are recurrent in articles that promote a revisionist view of cheating as morally permissible. We offer a general, deontological argument that cheating is immoral. The efforts to justify student cheating take several forms. For example, it has been argued that cheating may be tolerated if the student (...)
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  15.  13
    Post-Revisionism: Conflict (Ir)Resolution and the Limits of Ambivalence in Kevin McCarthy’s Peeler.Michael McAteer - 2018 - Text Matters - a Journal of Literature, Theory and Culture 8 (8):9-24.
    This essay considers a historical novel of recent times in revisionist terms, Kevin McCarthy’s debut novel of 2010, Peeler. In doing so, I also address the limitations that the novel exposes within Irish revisionism. I propose that McCarthy’s novel should be regarded more properly as a post-revisionist work of literature. A piece of detective fiction that is set during the Irish War of Independence from 1919 to 1921, Peeler challenges the romantic nationalist understanding of the War as one of (...)
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  16. Revisionism About Free Will: A Statement and Defense.Manuel Vargas - 2009 - Philosophical Studies 144 (1):45-62.
    This article summarizes and extends the moderate revisionist position I put forth in Four Views on Free Will and responds to objections to it from Robert Kane, John Martin Fischer, Derk Pereboom, and Michael McKenna. Among the principle topics of the article are (1) motivations for revisionism, what it is, and how it is different from compatibilism and hard incompatibilism, (2) an objection to libertarianism based on the moral costs of its current epistemic status, (3) an objection to the (...)
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  17. Beyond Revisionism: New Labour, Socialist Basics and the Dynamic Market Economy.Marcus Roberts - 1995 - Radical Philosophy 73.
     
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  18. Beyond Revisionism.Marcus Roberts - 1997 - Radical Philosophy 73.
     
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  19.  58
    Revisionism in Soviet History.Sheila Fitzpatrick - 2007 - History and Theory 46 (4):77–91.
    This essay is an account of the "revisionism" movement of the 1970s and 1980s in Soviet history, analyzing its challenge to the totalitarian model in terms of Kuhnian paradigm shift. The focus is on revisionism of the Stalin period, an area that was particularly highly charged by the passions of the Cold War. These passions tended to obscure the fact that one of the main issues at stake was not ideological but purely disciplinary, namely a challenge by social (...)
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  20. Revisionism About Reference.Soames Scott - 1995 - Synthese 104:191-216.
     
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  21.  25
    Revisionism Gone Awry: Since When Hasn't Hume Been a Sceptic?Adam Andreotta & Michael Levine - 2020 - Journal of Scottish Philosophy 18 (2):133-155.
    In this paper, we argue that revisionary theories about the nature and extent of Hume's scepticism are mistaken. We claim that the source of Hume's pervasive scepticism is his empiricism. As earlier readings of Hume's Treatise claim, Hume was a sceptic – and a radical one. Our position faces one enormous problem. How is it possible to square Hume's claims about normative reasoning with his radical scepticism? Despite the fact that Hume thinks that causal reasoning is irrational, he explicitly claims (...)
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  22.  55
    Between Revisionism and Status Quo: China in International Regimes. China's Behaviour in the Global Trade, Non-Proliferation and Environmental Regimes.Katherine Combes - 2011 - Polis (Misc) 6:2012.
  23. Revisionist Reporting.Kyle Blumberg & Harvey Lederman - 2021 - Philosophical Studies 178 (3):755-783.
    Several theorists have observed that attitude reports have what we call “revisionist” uses. For example, even if Pete has never met Ann and has no idea that she exists, Jane can still say to Jim ‘Pete believes Ann can learn to play tennis in ten lessons’ if Pete believes all 6-year-olds can learn to play tennis in ten lessons and it is part of Jane and Jim’s background knowledge that Ann is a 6-year-old. Jane’s assertion seems acceptable because the claim (...)
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  24. Revisionism, Scepticism, and the Non-Belief Theory of Hinge Commitments.Chris Ranalli - 2018 - International Journal for the Study of Skepticism 8 (2):96-130.
    In his recent work, Duncan Pritchard defends a novel Wittgensteinian response to the problem of radical scepticism. The response makes essential use of a form of non-epistemicism about the nature of hinge commitments. According to non-epistemicism, hinge commitments cannot be known or grounded in rational considerations, such as reasons and evidence. On Pritchard’s version of non-epistemicism, hinge commitments express propositions but cannot be believed. This is the non-belief theory of hinge commitments. One of the main reasons in favour of NBT (...)
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  25. Revisionism and Dogmatism as the Gnoseological Basis of Opportunistic Tendency.E. Erazmus & L. Hrzal - 1986 - Filosoficky Casopis 34 (4):585-608.
     
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  26.  13
    Social Epistemology Between Revisionism and Expansionism: On the Use of "Continental" Philosophy and Nenad Miščević's "Disappointment".Snježana Prijić-Samaržija & Petar Bojanić - 2014 - European Journal of Analytic Philosophy 10 (2):31-48.
    The main aim of this article is to analyze a recent text by Nenad Miščević dealing with social epistemology in the context of Foucault's theory of knowledge. In the first part, we briefly note Miščević's thoughts on the difference between analytic and continental philosophy and his thoughts on the latter. In the second part, we analyze both Miščević’s thesis about Foucault's dual understanding of knowledge and his placement of social epistemology as a proper framework for Foucault’s concept of “new” knowledge. (...)
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  27.  21
    Revisionism and Religion in Fichte's Jena Wissenschaftslehre.Benjamin D. Crowe - 2008 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 16 (2):371 – 392.
  28.  41
    Pritchard, Revisionism and Warranted Assertability.Nathan Cockram - 2016 - Acta Analytica 31 (4):439-454.
    Against contextualism, Duncan Pritchard has argued that conversational pragmatics give rise to an argument in favour of invariantist neoMooreanism. More specifically, he argues that when we conjoin a Moorean view with a warranted assertability manoeuvre, we can satisfy our pretheoretical intuitions (which are decidedly invariantist), whereas contextualists cannot. In the following paper, I challenge Pritchard’s argument and contend that he is too quick to declare victory for invariantism, for not only does the WAM he employs appear to be ad hoc (...)
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  29.  13
    Linguistic Revisionism in Contemporary Metaethics.Nenad Cekić - 2012 - Filozofska Istrazivanja 32 (2):227-242.
  30.  52
    A Revisionist Understanding of Zhang Zai's Development of Qi in the Context of His Critique of the Buddhist.Jung-Yeup Kim - 2010 - Asian Philosophy 20 (2):111-126.
    In a comprehensive survey of contemporary scholarship on Zhang Zai's (1020-1077) development of the notion qi ( 'vital energy') in the context of his critique of the Buddhist, I observe that there is a prevalent imposition of a Western concept, namely, 'substance monism', on his understanding of qi . It is assumed that he posits that 'the myriad things ( wanwu )' and 'the vast emptiness ( taixu )' are simultaneously differentiated and unified in that they are but different manifestations (...)
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  31. Revisionism.Manuel Vargas - 2007 - In John Martin Fischer (ed.), Four Views on Free Will. Blackwell.
     
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  32. A Revisionist History of Connectionism.Istvan S. N. Berkeley - 1997
    According to the standard (recent) history of connectionism (see for example the accounts offered by Hecht-Nielsen (1990: pp. 14-19) and Dreyfus and Dreyfus (1988), or Papert's (1988: pp. 3-4) somewhat whimsical description), in the early days of Classical Computational Theory of Mind (CCTM) based AI research, there was also another allegedly distinct approach, one based upon network models. The work on network models seems to fall broadly within the scope of the term 'connectionist' (see Aizawa 1992), although the term had (...)
     
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  33.  17
    Revisionism.R. J. B. - 1963 - Review of Metaphysics 17 (2):312-313.
  34.  11
    Revisionism, Libertarianism, and Naturalistic Plausibility.Kevin Timpe - 2015 - Philosophical Studies 172 (10):2651-2658.
    In his book, Building Better Beings, Manuel Vargas argues that we should reject libertarianism, on the grounds that it is naturalistically implausible, and embrace revisionism rather than eliminativism, on the grounds that the former is a shorter departure from ordinary thinking about moral responsibility. I argue that Vargas fails to adequately appreciate the extent to which ordinary judgments about moral responsibility involve ascriptions of basic desert as well as the centrality of basic desert in the ordinary conception of moral (...)
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  35.  2
    From Revisionism to Retrotopia: Stability and Variability in Zygmunt Bauman’s Theory of Culture.Dariusz Brzeziński - 2020 - European Journal of Social Theory 23 (4):459-476.
    This article examines the evolution of Zygmunt Bauman’s theory of culture during his over-sixty-year-long scholarly activity. Bauman wrote his first books on the theory of culture when he was a Professor at Warsaw University. The ideas put forward at that time were later developed in his writings. This applies in particular to the critical nature of his thought, the combination of synchronic and diachronic perspectives, the inclusion of the context of the social structure as well as his references to the (...)
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  36.  38
    The Revisionist Project in Roman Catholic Moral Theology.Brian V. Johnstone - 1992 - Studies in Christian Ethics 5 (2):18-31.
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  37.  17
    Nuclear Revisionism.Sue Rabbitt Bulmer - 2001 - Minerva 39 (2):259-264.
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  38. Introduction: Polish Philosophical Revisionists in Marxism.Barbara Tuchanska - 2017 - Hybris. Internetowy Magazyn Filozoficzny 37:I-XV.
    Who and how revised Marxism in Poland? The simple answer is that it was done by young intellectuals seeing themselves as obligated to social and political activity, eager to participate in the process of the constitution of a new postwar Communist society. Marxism was for them a philosophical world-view and a political program rising hopes for a better socio-economic reality. Revisionists were committed Communists and their attitude toward Marxism was almost religious. Marxism, Promethean and scientific at the same time, was (...)
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  39. The Revisionist Conception of Peaceful Path and the Problem of Violence.L. Hrzal & V. Durinova - 1982 - Filosoficky Casopis 30 (3):337-351.
     
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  40.  26
    Philosophical Revisionism in Post-War Czechoslovakia.Nikolaus Lobkowicz - 1964 - Studies in East European Thought 4 (2):89-101.
  41.  14
    Philosophical Revisionism in Post-War Czechoslovakia.Nikolaus Lobkowicz - 1964 - Studies in Soviet Thought 4 (2):89-101.
  42.  80
    Carnap, Kuhn, and Revisionism: On the Publication of Structure in Encyclopedia. [REVIEW]J. C. Pinto de Oliveira - 2007 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 38 (1):147-157.
    In recent years, a revisionist process focused on logical positivism can be observed, particularly regarding Carnap’s work. In this paper, I argue against the interpretation that Kuhn’s The Structure of Scientific Revolutions having been published in the International Encyclopedia of Unified Science, co-edited by Carnap, is evidence of the revisionist idea that Carnap “would have found Structure philosophically congenial”. I claim that Kuhn’s book, from Carnap’s point of view, is not in philosophy of science but rather in history of science (...)
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  43.  41
    A Revisionist History of Atomism: Chalmers, Alan. The Scientist’s Atom and the Philosopher’s Stone: How Science Succeeded and Philosophy Failed to Gain Knowledge of Atoms. 2009, Springer, 288 Pp, €99,95 HB.Rom Harré, Paul Needham, Eric Scerri & Alan Chalmers - 2010 - Metascience 19 (3):349-371.
    Contribution to a symposium on Alan Chalmer's The Scientist’s Atom and the Philosopher’s Stone: How Science Succeeded and Philosophy Failed to Gain Knowledge of Atoms (Springer, Dordrecht, 2009).
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  44.  11
    Russian Revisionism and the Development of Marxian Political Economy in the Early Twentieth Century.M. C. Howard & J. E. King - 1989 - Studies in Soviet Thought 37 (2):95-117.
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  45.  36
    Russian Revisionism and the Development of Marxian Political Economy in the Early Twentieth Century.M. C. Howard & J. E. King - 1989 - Studies in East European Thought 37 (2):95-117.
  46.  57
    Revisionist Liberalism and the Decline of Culture.Samuel Black - 1992 - Ethics 102 (2):244-267.
  47.  49
    Poetry, Revisionism, Repression.Harold Bloom - 1975 - Critical Inquiry 2 (2):233-251.
    The strong word and stance issue only from a strict will, a will that dares the error of reading all of reality as a text, and all prior texts as openings for its own totalizing and unique interpretations. Strong poets present themselves as looking for truth in the world, searching in reality and in tradition, but such a stance, as Nietzsche said, remains under the mastery of desire, of instinctual drives. So, in effect, the strong poet wants pleasure and not (...)
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  48.  12
    Revisionism. From Bernstein to the Prague Spring.Helga Botermann - 1981 - Philosophy and History 14 (2):175-177.
  49.  14
    Revisionism About Reference: A Reply to Smith: Eastern Division Meetings of the APA Boston, December 1994.Scott Soames - 1995 - Synthese 104 (2):191 - 216.
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  50.  8
    Revisionism About Reference: A Reply to Smith.Scott Soames - 1998 - In Paul Humphreys & James Fetzer (eds.), The New Theory of Reference: Kripke, Marcus, and its origins. Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 13--35.
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