114 found
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  1.  83
    Rawls's Law of Peoples: A Realistic Utopia?Rex Martin & David A. Reidy (eds.) - 2006 - Wiley-Blackwell.
  2.  9
    The Moral Foundation of Rights.Rex Martin - 1990 - Ethics 100 (2):408-411.
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  3.  44
    Recent Work on the Concept of Rights.Rex Martin & James W. Nickel - 1980 - American Philosophical Quarterly 17 (3):165 - 180.
    This article is a critical review of work on the concept of rights, Including the concept of human rights, From 1963 to 1978. Our focus is mainly on issues of the analysis of rights and human rights. We do not deal with the closely related issues bearing on the normative foundations of moral and human rights. Nor have we attempted much in the way of historical treatment of our topic. Section I surveys general characterizations of rights. In section ii, We (...)
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  4.  22
    Human Rights and the Social Recognition Thesis.Rex Martin - 2013 - Journal of Social Philosophy 44 (1):1-21.
  5. Rawls and Rights.Rex Martin - 1987 - Noûs 21 (3):445-448.
     
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  6. Intelligibility.Rex Martin - 1991 - The Monist 74 (2):129-148.
    This paper concerns the notion of intelligibility as applied to action explanations, of the sort typically found in history in particular. The paper has two sections.
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  7. Two Models for Justifying Political Authority.Rex Martin - 1975 - Ethics 86 (1):70-75.
  8. Brian Feltham and John Cottingham (Eds.), Partiality and Impartiality: Morality, Special Relationships, and the Wider World (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2010), Pp. X + 258.Rex Martin - 2012 - Utilitas 24 (1):139-143.
  9.  67
    From Substance to Subject: Studies in Hegel. [REVIEW]Rex Martin - 1975 - The Owl of Minerva 6 (4):3-6.
    Something of the nature of Rotenstreich’s book can be gained from its title. The main title suggests a coherent and unified account of Hegel’s “shift” from substance to subject; the subtitle, however, seems to point in a somewhat different direction and to suggest a collection of essays on a variety of Hegelian topics. Actually the book itself falls somewhere between the coherence of a single thematic treatment and the diffuseness of a set of disparate essays. Hence, though the shift from (...)
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  10. Wolff's Defence of Philosophical Anarchism.Rex Martin - 1974 - Philosophical Quarterly 24 (95):140-149.
  11. Two Concepts of Rule Utilitarianism.Rex Martin - 2008 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 5 (2):227-255.
    The notion of rule utilitarianism (a twentieth-century addition to the canon of utilitarian thought) has been discussed under two main headings—ideal-rule utilitarianism and 'indirect' utilitarianism. The distinction between them is often hazy. But we can sketch out each perspective along three different dimensions, contrasting the two conceptions of rule utilitarianism at each of three main hinge points: (1) the grounding of rules, (2) the allowed complexity of rules, (3) the conflict of rules. These two profiles constitute ideal types, but they (...)
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  12.  32
    Socrates on Disobedience to Law.Rex Martin - 1970 - Review of Metaphysics 24 (1):21 - 38.
    THE CASE OF SOCRATES, like that of Antigone, holds a high place in the history of the discussion of civil disobedience. Yet the position which Socrates took on this question is seemingly unclear, even with respect to its broadest outlines. This is exhibited by a surprising and considerable divergence of opinion, bearing on what Socrates did and said, in some of the recent writings on civil disobedience.
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  13.  3
    Political Toleration and Coercive Intervention in the International Sphere.Rex Martin - 2009 - In Shaun Young (ed.), Reflections on Rawls: An Assessment of His Legacy. Ashgate. pp. 177.
  14.  46
    A Defence of Mill's Qualitative Hedonism.Rex Martin - 1972 - Philosophy 47 (180):140 - 151.
    In his well known proposition that pleasures differ qualitatively, Mill seems to be arguing three principal points. ‘Mental’ pleasures as a kind are intrinsically ‘more desirable and more valuable’ than ‘bodily pleasures’ . This estimation of pleasure, Mill says, is such as to rule out the claim that it ‘should be supposed to depend on quantity alone.’ Indeed, he continued, the ‘superiority in quality’ might be ‘so far outweighing quantity as to render it, in comparison, of small account’ . The (...)
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  15. Rawls.Rex Martin - 2003 - In David Boucher & P. J. Kelly (eds.), Political Thinkers: From Socrates to the Present. Oxford University Press. pp. 496--515.
     
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  16.  12
    Human Rights: Constitutional and International.Rex Martin - 2006 - The Proceedings of the Twenty-First World Congress of Philosophy 2:175-181.
    The paper develops a theory of human rights under three main headings: that ways of acting or of being treated require effective normative justification, that they must have authoritative political endorsement or acknowledgement, and that they must be maintained by conforming conduct and, where need be, by governmental enforcement. The paper, then, applies this notion of human rights to two main cases: as constitutional rights within individual states , and as international human rights maintained by confederations of states or by (...)
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  17.  63
    Collingwood’s Claim That Metaphysics is a Historical Discipline.Rex Martin - 1989 - The Monist 72 (4):489-525.
    The procedure I will follow in this paper requires a brief initial note of explanation. Collingwood’s texts are opaque at two points. First, he does not make clear what precisely he meant by the claim that metaphysics is a historical discipline. The prevailing interpretation—which I dispute—has been that he had in mind a similarity or identity of certain methods of inquiry or explanation. Second, and more seriously, he does not make clear the relationship of his two main treatises on metaphysics. (...)
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  18.  24
    Collingwood on Reasons, Causes, and the Explanation of Action.Rex Martin - 1991 - International Studies in Philosophy 23 (3):47-62.
  19.  71
    Civil Disobedience.Rex Martin - 1970 - Ethics 80 (2):123-139.
  20.  21
    Just Wars and Humanitarian Interventions.Rex Martin - 2005 - Journal of Social Philosophy 36 (4):439–456.
  21.  5
    Rawls and Rights.Judith Wagner DeCew & Rex Martin - 1987 - Noûs 21 (3):445.
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  22.  30
    Collingwood’s Essay on Philosophical Method.Rex Martin - 1974 - Idealistic Studies 4 (3):224-250.
    Among Collingwood’s major books his Essay on Philosophical Method is, perhaps, the least well-known. There were a few reviews, some unfavorable, at the time of publication and, after that, an essay or two. But the book has largely been ignored.
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  23. Universal Human Rights: Moral Order in a Divided World.Larry May, Kenneth Henley, Alistair Macleod, Rex Martin, David Duquette, Lucinda Peach, Helen Stacy, William Nelson, Steven Lee, Stephen Nathanson & Jonathan Schonsheck - 2005 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    Universal Human Rights brings new clarity to the important and highly contested concept of universal human rights. This collection of essays explores the foundations of universal human rights in four sections devoted to their nature, application, enforcement, and limits, concluding that shared rights help to constitute a universal human community, which supports local customs and separate state sovereignty. The eleven contributors to this volume demonstrate from their very different perspectives how human rights can help to bring moral order to an (...)
     
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  24.  96
    How the Past Stands with Us . Oakeshott on History by Luke O'Sullivan.Rex Martin - 2005 - History and Theory 44 (1):138–148.
  25.  8
    Human Rights: Constitutional and International.Rex Martin - 2006 - The Proceedings of the Twenty-First World Congress of Philosophy 2:175-181.
    The paper develops a theory of human rights under three main headings: that ways of acting or of being treated require effective normative justification, that they must have authoritative political endorsement or acknowledgement, and that they must be maintained by conforming conduct and, where need be, by governmental enforcement. The paper, then, applies this notion of human rights to two main cases: as constitutional rights within individual states, and as international human rights maintained by confederations of states or by looser (...)
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  26.  34
    Two Concepts of Rule Utilitarianism.Rex Martin - 2007 - Southwest Philosophy Review 23 (1):49-58.
  27.  13
    G. H. Von Wright on Explanation and Understanding: An Appraisal.Rex Martin - 1990 - History and Theory 29 (2):205-233.
    Two jarring results concerning the main theses of Georg Henrik von Wright's Explanation and Understanding are reached through an examination and criticism of his project. It is shown, contrary to his settled judgment both in EU and subsequently, that the schema of practical inference is a causal principle, and that it is nomological in character. But one feature of von Wright's overall analysis holds up and continues to show promise: his idea of understanding explanation. This idea combines the EU account (...)
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  28.  39
    Constitutional Rights and Democracy in the U.S.A.: The Issue -of Judicial Review.Rex Martin & Stephen M. Griffin - 1995 - Ratio Juris 8 (2):180-198.
  29.  23
    Philosophy in the Soviet Union: A Survey of the Mid-Sixties. [REVIEW]Rex Martin - 1969 - Philosophical Studies (Dublin) 18:284-285.
    This book consists of fourteen essays. Two are reprints of articles from Inquiry and the remaining dozen are articles from the journal Studies in Soviet Thought. The articles, by competent Western specialists in Soviet philosophy, cover a wide range of topics informatively and would, taken as a whole, give the reader a good picture of where Soviet philosophy stands today. The book represents a solid job of philosophical reportage. In this endeavor I would note one conspicuous shortcoming: there is not (...)
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  30.  15
    Book ReviewsMarcus G. Singer, The Ideal of a Rational Morality: Philosophical Compositions.Oxford: Clarendon Press, 2002. Pp. Xix+333. $65.00. [REVIEW]Rex Martin - 2005 - Ethics 115 (4):845-850.
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  31.  30
    Treatment and Rehabilitation as a Mode of Punishment.Rex Martin - 1990 - Philosophical Topics 18 (1):101-122.
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  32.  57
    Natural Rights Human Rights and the Role of Social Recognition.Rex Martin - 2011 - Collingwood and British Idealism Studies 17 (1):91-115.
    This paper pays special attention to T.H. Green's account of rights as developed in the Lectures on the Principles of Political Obligation. Green's theory can be viewed as having at least two main levels. The first level is his general account of rights, emphasizing the notions of social recognition, of a power or capacity that each right-holder has, and of the common good subserved by proper rights. The second level is that of universal rights; here special attention will be paid (...)
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  33.  9
    Historical Explanation. Re-Enactment and Practical Inference.Alan Ryan & Rex Martin - 1980 - History and Theory 19 (1):93.
  34.  8
    Historical Explanation: Re-Enactment and Practical Inference.Rex Martin - 1977 - Cornell University Press.
  35. An Essay on Metaphysics.Rex Martin (ed.) - 1998 - Clarendon Press.
    An Essay on Metaphysics is one of the finest works of the great Oxford philosopher R. G. Collingwood : in it he considers the nature of philosophy, especially of metaphysics, and puts forward his original and influential theories of absolute presuppositions, causation, and the logic of question and answer. Three fascinating unpublished pieces by Collingwood have been added for this revised edition: they illuminate and amplify the ideas of the Essay, to which they are closely related. The editor Rex Martin (...)
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  36.  43
    Human Rights and Civil Rights.Rex Martin - 1980 - Philosophical Studies 37 (4):391 - 403.
  37. Jeremy Waldron, Ed., Nonsense Upon Stilts: Bentham, Burke and Marx on the Rights of Man Reviewed By.Rex Martin - 1988 - Philosophy in Review 8 (8):330-334.
     
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  38.  54
    Two Interpretations of the Difference Principle in Rawls's Theory of Justice.Prakash P. Shenoy & Rex Martin - 1983 - Theoria 49 (3):113-141.
  39.  9
    Collingwood’s Claim That Metaphysics is a Historical Discipline.Rex Martin - 1989 - The Monist 72 (4):489-525.
    The procedure I will follow in this paper requires a brief initial note of explanation. Collingwood’s texts are opaque at two points. First, he does not make clear what precisely he meant by the claim that metaphysics is a historical discipline. The prevailing interpretation—which I dispute—has been that he had in mind a similarity or identity of certain methods of inquiry or explanation. Second, and more seriously, he does not make clear the relationship of his two main treatises on metaphysics. (...)
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  40.  43
    Rawls on Constitutional Consensus and the Problem of Stability.Rex Martin - 2001 - The Proceedings of the Twentieth World Congress of Philosophy 11:81-95.
    This paper lays out the background and main features of Rawls’s new theory of justice. This is a theory that he began adumbrating about 1980 and that is given its fullest statement in his recent book Political Liberalism. I identify the main patterns of justification Rawls attempts to provide for his new theory and suggest a problem with one of these patterns in particular. The main lines of my analysis engage Rawls’s idea of constitutional consensus and his account of political (...)
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  41.  43
    Rights and Goods.Rex Martin - 1986 - International Studies in Philosophy 18 (1):81-83.
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  42.  3
    Real History: Reflections on Historical Practice.Rex Martin - 2001 - Philosophical and Phenomenological Research 62 (2):490-493.
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  43.  40
    The Just War Theory of Walzer and Rawls.Rex Martin - 2003 - Southwest Philosophy Review 19 (1):135-146.
  44.  55
    William A. Edmundson, an Introduction to Rights. Cambridge Introductions to Philosophy and Law Series (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004), Pp. XV + 223. [REVIEW]Rex Martin - 2007 - Utilitas 19 (4):520-522.
  45. CB McCullagh, Justifying Historical Descriptions Reviewed By.Rex Martin - 1986 - Philosophy in Review 6 (6):290-292.
     
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  46. William Dray, Perspectives on History Reviewed By.Rex Martin - 1982 - Philosophy in Review 2 (6):271-274.
     
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  47.  23
    The Fairness of Inequalities in Income.Rex Martin - 2011 - Southwest Philosophy Review 27 (1):47-56.
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  48.  26
    Rational Rights.Hillel Steiner, Ulrich Steinvorth, Rex Martin, Guido Pincione, Horacio Spector, Paula Casal & Andrew Williams - 1995 - Analyse & Kritik 17 (1):3-11.
    A rational moral code must satisfy the condition of completeness. This same condition applies to a set of moral rights, where it takes the form of requiring that all the rights in that set be compossible: that their respective correlatively entailed duties be jointly fulfillable. Such joint fulfillability is guaranteed only by a set of fully differentiated individual domains. And if moral rights are to play any independent role in moral reasoning - any role logically independent of the values that (...)
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  49.  21
    Two Concepts of Rule Utilitarianism: The Case of Mill.Rex Martin - 2007 - Southwest Philosophy Review 23 (1):49-58.
  50.  31
    The Categories of Dialectical Materialism.Rex Martin - 1969 - Philosophical Studies (Dublin) 18:285-287.
    This book was originally published in French in 1965. The great bulk of the citations from Soviet works are from sources in the period 1956-1960. Planty-Bonjour’s book is concerned with the ‘categories’ of dialectical materialism; the scope of his study is restricted to the post-Stalin era.
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