Results for 'Reza Ghorashi'

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  1. Collective Epistemic Virtues.Reza Lahroodi - 2007 - Social Epistemology 21 (3):281 – 297.
    At the intersection of social and virtue epistemology lies the important, yet so far entirely neglected, project of articulating the social dimensions of epistemic virtues. Perhaps the most obvious way in which epistemic virtues might be social is that they may be possessed by social collectives. We often speak of groups as if they could instantiate epistemic virtues. It is tempting to think of these expressions as ascribing virtues not to the groups themselves, but to their members. Adapting Margaret Gilbert's (...)
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  2.  1
    A Jewish Philosopher of Baghdad: ʻizz Al-Dawla Ibn Kammūna (D. 683/1284) and His Writings.Reza Pourjavady - 2006 - Brill.
    For a long time, the study of the life and work of the Jewish thinker?Izz al-Dawla Ibn Kamm?na remained limited to a very small number of texts. Interest in Ibn Kamm?na in the Western Christian world dates back to the 17th century, when Barthelemy d'Herbelot included information on two of Ibn Kamm?na's works - his examination of the three faiths, i.e. Judaism, Christianity and Islam, and his commentary on Avicenna's "al-Ish?r?t wa l-tanb?h?"t - in his "Bibliotheque orientale," Subsequent generations of (...)
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  3.  71
    Evaluating Need for Cognition: A Case Study in Naturalistic Epistemic Virtue Theory.Reza Lahroodi - 2007 - Philosophical Psychology 20 (2):227 – 245.
    The recent literature on epistemic virtues advances two general projects. The first is virtue epistemology, an attempt to explicate key epistemic notions in terms of epistemic virtue. The second is epistemic virtue theory, the conceptual and normative investigation of cognitive traits of character. While a great deal of work has been done in virtue epistemology, epistemic virtue theory still languishes in a state of neglect. Furthermore, the existing work is non-naturalistic. The present paper contributes to the development of a naturalistic (...)
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  4. Kant’s Account of Epistemic Normativity.Reza Hadisi - forthcoming - Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie.
    According to a common interpretation, most explicitly defended by Onora O’Neill and Patricia Kitcher, Kant held that epistemic obligations normatively depend on moral obligations. That is, were a rational agent not bound by any moral obligation, then she would not be bound by any epistemic obligation either. By contrast, in this paper, I argue that, according to Kant, some epistemic obligations are normatively independent from moral obligations, and are indeed normatively absolute. This view, which I call epistemicism, has two parts. (...)
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  5. Hemispheric Asymmetries of Memory: The HERA Model Revisited.Reza Habib, Lars Nyberg & Endel Tulving - 2003 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 7 (6):241-245.
  6.  52
    Evaluational Internalism, Epistemic Virtues, and the Significance of Trying.Reza Lahroodi - 2006 - Journal of Philosophical Research 31:1-20.
    While there is general agreement about the list of epistemic virtues, there has been much controversy over what it is to be an epistemic virtue. Three competing theories have been offered: evaluational externalism, evaluational internalism, and mixed theories. A major problem with internalism, the focus of this paper, is that it disconnects the value of epistemic virtue from actual success in the real world (the Disconnection Problem). Relying on a novel thesis about the relation of “trying” and “exercise of virtue,” (...)
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  7.  94
    Reza Mosayebi: Das Minimum der reinen praktischen Vernunft. Vom kategorischen Imperativ zum allgemeinen Rechtsprinzip bei Kant (Kantstudien-Ergänzungshefte Bd. 173), De Gruyter, Berlin/Boston 2013, ISBN 978-3-11-032392-4, 274 S. [REVIEW]Jens Gillessen - 2016 - Methodus. International Journal for Modern Philosophy 8:96-112.
  8.  9
    The Time(s) of the Photographed.Reza Tavakol - 2019 - Philosophy of Photography 10 (2):195-206.
    The relationship between the photographic and optical images and time has been the subject of great deal of debate. Despite their differences, what many of these considerations have in common is their focus on the receiver, whether mechanical, biological, social or the memory and imagination of the observer. My aim here is to shift the emphasis from the receiver to the object or vista that is photographed or viewed and to explore how the constraints implied by our modern understanding of (...)
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  9.  15
    Emerson and the “Pale Scholar”.Reza Hosseini - 2018 - Dialogue 57 (1):115-135.
    A recurrent theme in Ralph Waldo Emerson’s writings is his struggles with the problem of scholarly inaction. Commentators have given much attention to “The American Scholar” but less to his remarks about the “pale scholar.” In this paper, I focus on the latter and argue that understanding the evolving nature of Emerson’s views about what counts for action could not only deepen our understanding of his philosophy and its orientation toward the conduct of life but also explain why, according to (...)
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  10.  23
    Interrelations Among SMED Stages: A Causal Model.José Roberto Díaz-Reza, Jorge Luis García-Alcaraz, José Roberto Mendoza-Fong, Valeria Martínez-Loya, Emilio Jiménez Macías & Julio Blanco-Fernández - 2017 - Complexity 2017:1-10.
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  11.  32
    Comment on John Greco’s Putting Skeptics in Their Place.Reza Lahroodi & Frederick F. Schmitt - 2003 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 66 (2):457-465.
    In this comment, we will focus on Greco’s brief for agent reliabilism in preference to simple reliabilism. Agent reliabilism differs from simple reliabilism primarily in requiring, not merely belief that results from a reliable process, but belief grounded in stable dispositions that make up the subject’s character.
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  12.  15
    Philosophy in Early Safavid Iran: Najm Al-Dīn Maḥmūd Al-Nayrīzī and His Writings.Reza Pourjavady - 2011 - Brill.
    This book is about a Muslim Shi’i philosopher of the early 16th century, Najm al-Din Mahmud al-Nayrizi.
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  13. Creative Imagining as Practical Knowing: An Akbariyya Account.Reza Hadisi - 2021 - Res Philosophica 98 (s):181-204.
    I argue that practical knowledge can be understood as constituted by a kind of imagining. In particular, it is the knowledge of what I am doing when that knowledge is represented via extramental imagination. Two results follow. First, on this account, we can do justice both to the cognitive character and the practical character of practical knowledge. And second, we can identify a condition under which imagination becomes factive, and thus a source of ob-jective evidence. I develop this view by (...)
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  14.  36
    Kate A. Moran (Ed.), Kant on Freedom and Spontaneity. [REVIEW]Reza Hadisi - 2019 - Kantian Review 24 (4):668-672.
  15.  1
    From Absolute Invisibility to Extreme Visibility: Emancipation Trajectory of Migrant Women in the Netherlands.Halleh Ghorashi - 2010 - Feminist Review 94 (1):75-92.
    After years of invisibility, the position of migrant women from Islamic countries now forms the core of the Dutch discourse on integration and emancipation. This article presents the downside of this visibility by showing that it is situated within a growing culturalist discourse. In addition to being culturalist, this discourse focuses on the shortcomings of migrants and is flavoured with a touch of new realism in its argument that it is a right to break the taboos of migrants. More visibility (...)
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  16.  8
    Evaluational Internalism, Epistemic Virtues, and the Significance of Trying.Reza Lahroodi - 2006 - Journal of Philosophical Research 31:1-20.
    While there is general agreement about the list of epistemic virtues, there has been much controversy over what it is to be an epistemic virtue. Three competing theories have been offered: evaluational externalism, evaluational internalism, and mixed theories. A major problem with internalism, the focus of this paper, is that it disconnects the value of epistemic virtue from actual success in the real world. Relying on a novel thesis about the relation of “trying” and “exercise of virtue,” James Montmarquet has (...)
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  17. Ghazālī's Transformative Answer to Scepticism.Reza Hadisi - 2022 - Theoria 88 (1):109-142.
    In this paper, I offer a reconstruction of Ghazālī's encounter with scepticism in the Deliverance from Error. For Ghazālī, I argue, radical scepticism about the possibility of knowledge ensues from intellectualist assumptions about the nature of justification. On the reading that I will propose, Ghazālī holds that foundational knowledge can only be justified via actions that lead to transformative experiences.
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  18.  2
    Filsafat Politik Untuk Indonesia: Dari Pemikiran Plato, Edmund Husserl, Charles Taylor, Sampai Dengan Slavoj Žižek.Reza A. A. Wattimena (ed.) - 2011 - Pustaka Mas.
  19. A. Reza Arasteh, "Final Integration in the Adult Personality". [REVIEW]Henry Walter Brann - 1968 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 6 (1):100.
     
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  20.  21
    Responsiveness of Measures of Attentional Bias to Clinical Change in Social Phobia.Reza Pishyar, Lynne M. Harris & Ross G. Menzies - 2008 - Cognition and Emotion 22 (7):1209-1227.
  21.  11
    Herbert Simon, Innovation, and Heuristics.Reza Kheirandish & Shabnam Mousavi - 2018 - Mind and Society 17 (1-2):97-109.
    Herbert Simon viewed innovation as a particular type of problem-solving behavior that entails refocus of attention and search for alternatives outside the existing domain of standard operations. This exploration outside of standard routines involves heuristic-based discovery and action, such as satisficing search for information and options. In our observations on the innovation process, we focus on knowledge generation. We propose viewing the process of generating knowledge—when knowledge is sufficient to instigate action, but not necessarily enough to eliminate the uncertainty of (...)
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  22.  17
    Clustering Employees on the Basis of Their Perception From Critical Success Factors of Total Quality Management and its Influence on Customer Focus.Reza Dabestani, Mohammad Hosein Karimi & Arman Safar Oghli Azar - 2019 - International Journal of Management Concepts and Philosophy 12 (1):1.
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  23.  38
    On the Domain of Applicability of General Relativity.Reza Tavakol & Roustam Zalaletdinov - 1998 - Foundations of Physics 28 (2):307-331.
    We consider the domain of applicability of general relativity (GR), as a classical theory of gravity, by considering its applications to a variety of settings of physical interest as well as its relationship with real observations. We argue that, as it stands, GR is deficient whether it is treated as a microscopic or a macroscopic theory of gravity. We briefly discuss some recent attempts at removing this shortcoming through the construction of a macroscopic theory of gravity. We point out that (...)
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  24.  27
    Reza Mosayebi: Das Minimum der reinen praktischen Vernunft. Vom kategorischen Imperativ zum allgemeinen Rechtsprinzip bei Kant. Berlin/Boston: Walter de Gruyter, 2013. 274 Seiten. ISBN 978-3-11-032430-3. [REVIEW]Oscar Cubo - 2016 - Kant Studien 107 (3):581-585.
    Name der Zeitschrift: Kant-Studien Jahrgang: 107 Heft: 3 Seiten: 581-585.
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  25. Van de emancipatie Van migrantenvrouwen.Halleh Ghorashi - forthcoming - Krisis.
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  26.  47
    The Evolution of Public Health Ethics Frameworks: Systematic Review of Moral Values and Norms in Public Health Policy.Mahmoud Abbasi, Reza Majdzadeh, Alireza Zali, Abbas Karimi & Forouzan Akrami - 2018 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 21 (3):387-402.
    Given the evolution of the public health and the changes from the phenomenon of globalization, this area has encountered new ethical challenges. In order to find a coherent approach to address ethical issues in PH policy, this study aimed to identify the evolution of public health ethics frameworks and the main moral values and norms in PH practice and policy. According to the research questions, a systematic search of the literature, in English, with no time limit was performed using the (...)
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  27. Shifting and Conflicting Identities: Iranian Women Political Activists in Exile.Halleh Ghorashi - 1997 - European Journal of Women's Studies 4 (3):283-303.
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  28. When the Boundaries Are Blurred: The Significance of Feminist Methods in Research.Halleh Ghorashi - 2005 - European Journal of Women's Studies 12 (3):363-375.
    This article focuses on the ways that the author’s somewhat in-between position as both an outsider/researcher and an insider/ex-political Iranian activist now in exile has contributed to the process of research on Iranian women exiles in the Netherlands and the United States. Feminist attention on life stories as a method, and feminist anthropologists’ attention to particularity, involvement and reflexivity give the author the space, and inspire her, to explore the issue of positioning. This makes it possible for her to engage (...)
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  29.  22
    Optimal Synchronization of Two Different in-Commensurate Fractional-Order Chaotic Systems with Fractional Cost Function.Reza Behinfaraz & Mohammadali Badamchizadeh - 2016 - Complexity 21 (S1):401-416.
  30.  29
    From Marxist Organizations to Feminism Iranian Women's Experiences of Revolution and Exile.Halleh Ghorashi - 2003 - Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 2 (6):89-107.
    Iranian women were extremely active during the revolution of 1979. They were or became active within various political organizations and fought for democracy and freedom. The focus of this paper is on the activities of a group of Iranian women leftists within Marxist organizations in Iran and their experiences in exile. These political activists had to leave Iran when it became a crime to be a Marxist. During their activities in Iran, their Marxist convictions limited the ways in which they (...)
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  31.  21
    Social Reporting by Companies Listed on the Alternative Investment Market.Sepideh Parsa & Reza Kouhy - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 79 (3):345-360.
    While the existing literature focuses on the disclosure of social information mainly by large companies, this paper concentrates on the disclosure of social information by small- and medium-sized companies (SME) listed on the Alternative Investment Market (AIM) in the U.K. The paper investigates the prevalent view that SMEs are unlikely to report social information due to their financial constraints and the perception that they have very little social conduct on which to report. Our overall evidence illustrates that, contrary to this (...)
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  32.  29
    Pragmatism, Bohr, and the Copenhagen Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics.Reza Maleeh & Parisa Amani - 2013 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 27 (4):353-367.
    In this article, we argue that although Bohr's version of the Copenhagen interpretation is in line with several key elements of logical positivism, pragmatism is the closest approximation to a classification of the Copenhagen interpretation, whether or not pragmatists directly influenced the key figures of the interpretation. Pragmatism already encompasses important elements of operationalism and logical positivism, especially the liberalized Carnapian reading of logical positivism. We suggest that some elements of the Copenhagen interpretation, which are in line with logical positivism, (...)
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  33.  98
    The Epistemic Value of Curiosity.Frederick F. Schmitt & Reza Lahroodi - 2008 - Educational Theory 58 (2):125-148.
    In this essay, Frederick Schmitt and Reza Lahroodi explore the value of curiosity for inquiry and knowledge. They defend an appetitive account of curiosity, viewing curiosity as a motivationally original desire to know that arises from having one’s attention drawn to the object and that in turn sustains one’s attention to it. Distinguishing curiosity from wonder, the authors explore several sources of the epistemic value of curiosity. First, curiosity is tenacious: curiosity whether a proposition is true leads to curiosity (...)
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  34.  11
    Juridical Empowerment.Reza Mosayebi - forthcoming - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice:1-18.
    The idea of empowerment has gained a significant role in the discourse of poverty. I outline a restricted conception of empowerment inspired by Kant’s idea of rightful honour. According to this conception, empowerment consists in enabling individuals to assert their own human rights. I apply this conception to impoverished persons and argue that it is crucial to their self-respect, their so-called ‘power-[from-]within,’ and their political agency, and has a teleological primacy regarding our efforts to reduce poverty. I also defend the (...)
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  35.  3
    Die Behauptung Eigener Menschenrechte als Selbstforderung.Reza Mosayebi - 2018 - In Kant Und Menschenrechte. De Gruyter. pp. 267-304.
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  36.  12
    Assessing Patient Perspectives on Receiving Bad News: A Survey of 1337 Patients With Life-Changing Diagnoses.Reza D. Mirza, Melody Ren, Arnav Agarwal & Gordon H. Guyatt - 2019 - Ajob Empirical Bioethics 10 (1):36-43.
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  37.  3
    Reza Aslan, Zealot: The Life and Times of Jesus of Nazareth. [REVIEW]Richard Horsley - 2014 - Critical Research on Religion 2 (2):195-205.
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  38.  16
    On the Macroscopic Response, Microstructure Evolution, and Macroscopic Stability of Short-Fiber-Reinforced Elastomers at Finite Strains: II – Representative Examples.Reza Avazmohammadi & Pedro Ponte Castañeda - 2014 - Philosophical Magazine 94 (10):1068-1094.
  39.  18
    Bilateral Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation on DLPFC Changes Resting State Networks and Cognitive Function in Patients With Bipolar Depression.Reza Kazemi, Reza Rostami, Sanaz Khomami, Golnaz Baghdadi, Mehdi Rezaei, Masahiro Hata, Yasunori Aoki, Ryouhei Ishii, Masao Iwase & Paul B. Fitzgerald - 2018 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 12.
  40.  97
    The Coordination of Movement: Optimal Feedback Control and Beyond.Jörn Diedrichsen, Reza Shadmehr & Richard B. Ivry - 2010 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 14 (1):31-39.
  41.  41
    Reza Hosseini: Wittgenstein and Meaning in Life: In Search of the Human Voice: Palgrave Macmillan, London and New York, 2015, Vii + 179 Pp, $95.R. Ray - 2016 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 80 (2):199-203.
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  42.  7
    Decoding Attentional State to Faces and Scenes Using EEG Brainwaves.Reza Abiri, Soheil Borhani, Yang Jiang & Xiaopeng Zhao - 2019 - Complexity 2019:1-10.
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  43. Hick, Pluralism and Category Mistake.Akbari Reza - 2009 - International Journal of Hekmat 1 (1):101-114.
    John Hick’s theory concerning plurality of religions is an ontologic pluralism according to which all religions are authentic ways for man to attain the "real an sich". Gods of religions are real as perceived and veridical hallucinations; while the “real an sich” has ineffable substantial and trans-categorical properties. Hick’s view suffers from several problems. As a second order analysis of religions, Hick’s view is not a correct one. To reject naturalism, it falls into an epistemological circle, where distinction between formal (...)
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  44.  7
    World Without Colour and its Photographs and Optical Images.Reza Tavakol - 2020 - Philosophy of Photography 11 (1-2):79-97.
    Photographs and optical images, whatever their contents, are imprints of the electromagnetic waves in the visible range of wavelengths, we refer to as light. Furthermore, they are designed to portray different parts of the visible light in terms of different colours, in analogy with the human eyes, however imperfectly. The world outside our eyes and cameras, however, is permeated by electromagnetic waves with much wider spectrum of wavelengths than those in the visible range. Importantly also, colour is a construct of (...)
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  45. A New Conceptual Framework for Teacher Identity Development.Reza Pishghadam, Jawad Golzar & Mir Abdullah Miri - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    Teacher identity has evolved from a core, inner, fixed, linear construct to a dynamic, multifaceted, context-dependent, dialogical, and intrinsically related phenomenon. Since little research has provided an inclusive framework to study teacher identity construction, this article proposes a novel conceptual framework that includes the following components: mirrors of power, discourse, the imagination of reality, investment, emotioncy, and capital. The above core constituents have been discussed thoroughly to trigger significant insights about teacher identity development.
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  46. Vocabulary Repetition Following Multisensory Instruction Is Ineffective on L2 Sentence Comprehension: Evidence From the N400.Reza Pishghadam, Haniyeh Jajarmi, Shaghayegh Shayesteh, Azin Khodaverdi & Hossein Nassaji - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    Putting the principles of multisensory teaching into practice, this study investigated the effect of audio-visual vocabulary repetition on L2 sentence comprehension. Forty participants were randomly assigned to experimental and control groups. A sensory-based model of instruction was used to teach a list of unfamiliar vocabularies to the two groups. Following the instruction, the experimental group repeated the instructed words twice, while the control group received no vocabulary repetition. Afterward, their electrophysiological neural activities were recorded through electroencephalography while doing a sentence (...)
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  47.  5
    A Jewish Philosopher of Baghdad: ʻizz Al-Dawla Ibn Kammūna (D. 683/1284) and His Writings.Reza Pourjavady - 2006 - Brill.
    An inventory of his entire oeuvre provides detailed information on the extant manuscripts. The volume furthermore includes editions of nine of his writings.
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  48. Philosophy in Qajar Iran.Reza Pourjavady (ed.) - 2018 - Brill.
    _Philosophy in Qajar Iran_ offers an account of the life, works and philosophical thoughts of major philosophers of Iran between the late eighteenth and the early twentieth centuries.
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  49.  6
    Culturalisering van de emancipatie van migrantenvrouwen.Halleh Ghorashi - 2006 - Krisis 7 (3):42-47.
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  50.  36
    The Infinite Turn and Speculative Explanations in Cosmology.Reza Tavakol & Fabio Gironi - 2017 - Foundations of Science 22 (4):785-798.
    Infinity, in various guises, has been invoked recently in order to ‘explain’ a number of important questions regarding observable phenomena in science, and in particular in cosmology. Such explanations are by their nature speculative. Here we introduce the notions of relative infinity, closure, and economy of explanation and ask: to what extent explanations involving relative or real constructed infinities can be treated as reasonable?
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