Results for 'Reza Ghorashi'

305 found
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  1.  36
    Demons in Hindutva: Writing a Theology for Hindu Nationalism: M. Reza Pirbhai.M. Reza Pirbhai - 2008 - Modern Intellectual History 5 (1):27-53.
    This article explores the vast body of English language works on Hinduism published since 1981 by Voice of India—an influential right-wing Hindu publishing house headquartered in New Delhi, but contributed to by Indians at “home” and in diasporic communities, as well as Europeans and North Americans. Focus on the construction of the Hindu “Self” and the non-Hindu “Other” shows the manner in which European thought, primarily represented by the contributions of colonial-era British and German indologists, but bolstered by evangelicals, Utilitarians (...)
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  2. Collective Epistemic Virtues.Reza Lahroodi - 2007 - Social Epistemology 21 (3):281 – 297.
    At the intersection of social and virtue epistemology lies the important, yet so far entirely neglected, project of articulating the social dimensions of epistemic virtues. Perhaps the most obvious way in which epistemic virtues might be social is that they may be possessed by social collectives. We often speak of groups as if they could instantiate epistemic virtues. It is tempting to think of these expressions as ascribing virtues not to the groups themselves, but to their members. Adapting Margaret Gilbert's (...)
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  3. Hemispheric Asymmetries of Memory: The HERA Model Revisited.Reza Habib, Lars Nyberg & Endel Tulving - 2003 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 7 (6):241-245.
  4.  13
    Philosophy in Early Safavid Iran: Najm Al-Dīn Maḥmūd Al-Nayrīzī and His Writings.Reza Pourjavady - 2011 - Brill.
    This book is about a Muslim Shi’i philosopher of the early 16th century, Najm al-Din Mahmud al-Nayrizi.
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  5.  12
    Reflexive Water Management in Arid Regions: The Case of Iran.Mohammed Reza Balali, Josef ~Keulartz & Michiel Korthals - 2009 - Environmental Values 18 (1):91-112.
    To illuminate the problems and perspectives of water management in Iran and comparable arid Middle East and North Africa countries, three paradigms can be distinguished: the traditional, the industrial and the reflexive paradigm. Each paradigm is characterised by its key technical system, its main social institution and its ethico-religious framework. Iran seems to be in a state of transition from the 'hydraulic mission' of industrial modernity to a more reflexive approach to water management. This article sketches the contours of the (...)
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  6.  3
    The Time(s) of the Photographed.Reza Tavakol - 2019 - Philosophy of Photography 10 (2):195-206.
    The relationship between the photographic and optical images and time has been the subject of great deal of debate. Despite their differences, what many of these considerations have in common is their focus on the receiver, whether mechanical, biological, social or the memory and imagination of the observer. My aim here is to shift the emphasis from the receiver to the object or vista that is photographed or viewed and to explore how the constraints implied by our modern understanding of (...)
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  7.  19
    Interrelations Among SMED Stages: A Causal Model.José Roberto Díaz-Reza, Jorge Luis García-Alcaraz, José Roberto Mendoza-Fong, Valeria Martínez-Loya, Emilio Jiménez Macías & Julio Blanco-Fernández - 2017 - Complexity 2017:1-10.
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  8.  65
    Evaluating Need for Cognition: A Case Study in Naturalistic Epistemic Virtue Theory.Reza Lahroodi - 2007 - Philosophical Psychology 20 (2):227 – 245.
    The recent literature on epistemic virtues advances two general projects. The first is virtue epistemology, an attempt to explicate key epistemic notions in terms of epistemic virtue. The second is epistemic virtue theory, the conceptual and normative investigation of cognitive traits of character. While a great deal of work has been done in virtue epistemology, epistemic virtue theory still languishes in a state of neglect. Furthermore, the existing work is non-naturalistic. The present paper contributes to the development of a naturalistic (...)
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  9.  26
    Kate A. Moran (Ed.), Kant on Freedom and Spontaneity. [REVIEW]Reza Hadisi - 2019 - Kantian Review 24 (4):668-672.
  10.  48
    Evaluational Internalism, Epistemic Virtues, and the Significance of Trying.Reza Lahroodi - 2006 - Journal of Philosophical Research 31:1-20.
    While there is general agreement about the list of epistemic virtues, there has been much controversy over what it is to be an epistemic virtue. Three competing theories have been offered: evaluational externalism, evaluational internalism, and mixed theories. A major problem with internalism, the focus of this paper, is that it disconnects the value of epistemic virtue from actual success in the real world (the Disconnection Problem). Relying on a novel thesis about the relation of “trying” and “exercise of virtue,” (...)
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  11.  20
    Responsiveness of Measures of Attentional Bias to Clinical Change in Social Phobia.Reza Pishyar, Lynne M. Harris & Ross G. Menzies - 2008 - Cognition and Emotion 22 (7):1209-1227.
  12.  27
    Pragmatism, Bohr, and the Copenhagen Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics.Reza Maleeh & Parisa Amani - 2013 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 27 (4):353-367.
    In this article, we argue that although Bohr's version of the Copenhagen interpretation is in line with several key elements of logical positivism, pragmatism is the closest approximation to a classification of the Copenhagen interpretation, whether or not pragmatists directly influenced the key figures of the interpretation. Pragmatism already encompasses important elements of operationalism and logical positivism, especially the liberalized Carnapian reading of logical positivism. We suggest that some elements of the Copenhagen interpretation, which are in line with logical positivism, (...)
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  13.  20
    Optimal Synchronization of Two Different in-Commensurate Fractional-Order Chaotic Systems with Fractional Cost Function.Reza Behinfaraz & Mohammadali Badamchizadeh - 2016 - Complexity 21 (S1):401-416.
  14.  89
    The Epistemic Value of Curiosity.Frederick F. Schmitt & Reza Lahroodi - 2008 - Educational Theory 58 (2):125-148.
    In this essay, Frederick Schmitt and Reza Lahroodi explore the value of curiosity for inquiry and knowledge. They defend an appetitive account of curiosity, viewing curiosity as a motivationally original desire to know that arises from having one’s attention drawn to the object and that in turn sustains one’s attention to it. Distinguishing curiosity from wonder, the authors explore several sources of the epistemic value of curiosity. First, curiosity is tenacious: curiosity whether a proposition is true leads to curiosity (...)
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  15.  1
    From Absolute Invisibility to Extreme Visibility: Emancipation Trajectory of Migrant Women in the Netherlands.Halleh Ghorashi - 2010 - Feminist Review 94 (1):75-92.
    After years of invisibility, the position of migrant women from Islamic countries now forms the core of the Dutch discourse on integration and emancipation. This article presents the downside of this visibility by showing that it is situated within a growing culturalist discourse. In addition to being culturalist, this discourse focuses on the shortcomings of migrants and is flavoured with a touch of new realism in its argument that it is a right to break the taboos of migrants. More visibility (...)
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  16.  28
    Comment on John Greco’s Putting Skeptics in Their Place.Reza Lahroodi & Frederick F. Schmitt - 2003 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 66 (2):457-465.
    In this comment, we will focus on Greco’s brief for agent reliabilism in preference to simple reliabilism. Agent reliabilism differs from simple reliabilism primarily in requiring, not merely belief that results from a reliable process, but belief grounded in stable dispositions that make up the subject’s character.
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  17.  10
    Herbert Simon, Innovation, and Heuristics.Reza Kheirandish & Shabnam Mousavi - 2018 - Mind and Society 17 (1-2):97-109.
    Herbert Simon viewed innovation as a particular type of problem-solving behavior that entails refocus of attention and search for alternatives outside the existing domain of standard operations. This exploration outside of standard routines involves heuristic-based discovery and action, such as satisficing search for information and options. In our observations on the innovation process, we focus on knowledge generation. We propose viewing the process of generating knowledge—when knowledge is sufficient to instigate action, but not necessarily enough to eliminate the uncertainty of (...)
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  18.  37
    On the Domain of Applicability of General Relativity.Reza Tavakol & Roustam Zalaletdinov - 1998 - Foundations of Physics 28 (2):307-331.
    We consider the domain of applicability of general relativity (GR), as a classical theory of gravity, by considering its applications to a variety of settings of physical interest as well as its relationship with real observations. We argue that, as it stands, GR is deficient whether it is treated as a microscopic or a macroscopic theory of gravity. We briefly discuss some recent attempts at removing this shortcoming through the construction of a macroscopic theory of gravity. We point out that (...)
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  19.  6
    Evaluational Internalism, Epistemic Virtues, and the Significance of Trying.Reza Lahroodi - 2006 - Journal of Philosophical Research 31:1-20.
    While there is general agreement about the list of epistemic virtues, there has been much controversy over what it is to be an epistemic virtue. Three competing theories have been offered: evaluational externalism, evaluational internalism, and mixed theories. A major problem with internalism, the focus of this paper, is that it disconnects the value of epistemic virtue from actual success in the real world. Relying on a novel thesis about the relation of “trying” and “exercise of virtue,” James Montmarquet has (...)
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  20.  11
    Assessing Patient Perspectives on Receiving Bad News: A Survey of 1337 Patients With Life-Changing Diagnoses.Reza D. Mirza, Melody Ren, Arnav Agarwal & Gordon H. Guyatt - 2019 - Ajob Empirical Bioethics 10 (1):36-43.
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  21.  44
    The Evolution of Public Health Ethics Frameworks: Systematic Review of Moral Values and Norms in Public Health Policy.Mahmoud Abbasi, Reza Majdzadeh, Alireza Zali, Abbas Karimi & Forouzan Akrami - 2018 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 21 (3):387-402.
    Given the evolution of the public health and the changes from the phenomenon of globalization, this area has encountered new ethical challenges. In order to find a coherent approach to address ethical issues in PH policy, this study aimed to identify the evolution of public health ethics frameworks and the main moral values and norms in PH practice and policy. According to the research questions, a systematic search of the literature, in English, with no time limit was performed using the (...)
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  22.  26
    Word Associations Contribute to Machine Learning in Automatic Scoring of Degree of Emotional Tones in Dream Reports.Reza Amini, Catherine Sabourin & Joseph De Koninck - 2011 - Consciousness and Cognition 20 (4):1570-1576.
    Scientific study of dreams requires the most objective methods to reliably analyze dream content. In this context, artificial intelligence should prove useful for an automatic and non subjective scoring technique. Past research has utilized word search and emotional affiliation methods, to model and automatically match human judges’ scoring of dream report’s negative emotional tone. The current study added word associations to improve the model’s accuracy. Word associations were established using words’ frequency of co-occurrence with their defining words as found in (...)
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  23.  95
    The Coordination of Movement: Optimal Feedback Control and Beyond.Jörn Diedrichsen, Reza Shadmehr & Richard B. Ivry - 2010 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 14 (1):31-39.
  24.  1
    Reza Aslan, Zealot: The Life and Times of Jesus of Nazareth. [REVIEW]Richard Horsley - 2014 - Critical Research on Religion 2 (2):195-205.
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  25.  12
    On the Macroscopic Response, Microstructure Evolution, and Macroscopic Stability of Short-Fiber-Reinforced Elastomers at Finite Strains: II – Representative Examples.Reza Avazmohammadi & Pedro Ponte Castañeda - 2014 - Philosophical Magazine 94 (10):1068-1094.
  26.  20
    Social Reporting by Companies Listed on the Alternative Investment Market.Sepideh Parsa & Reza Kouhy - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 79 (3):345-360.
    While the existing literature focuses on the disclosure of social information mainly by large companies, this paper concentrates on the disclosure of social information by small- and medium-sized companies (SME) listed on the Alternative Investment Market (AIM) in the U.K. The paper investigates the prevalent view that SMEs are unlikely to report social information due to their financial constraints and the perception that they have very little social conduct on which to report. Our overall evidence illustrates that, contrary to this (...)
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  27.  33
    Comment on John Greco’s Putting Skeptics in Their Place. [REVIEW]Reza Lahroodi & Frederick F. Schmitt - 2003 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 66 (2):457 - 465.
    In this comment, we will focus on Greco’s brief for agent reliabilism in preference to simple reliabilism. Agent reliabilism differs from simple reliabilism primarily in requiring, not merely belief that results from a reliable process, but belief grounded in stable dispositions that make up the subject’s character.
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  28.  22
    Error Correction and the Basal Ganglia.Maurice A. Smith & Reza Shadmehr - 2000 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 4 (10):367-369.
  29.  84
    Differential Cruelty: A Critique of Ontological Reason in Light of the Philosophy of Cruelty.Reza Negarestani - 2009 - Angelaki 14 (3):69 – 84.
  30.  67
    Theory of Knowledge in System Dynamics Models.Mohammadreza Zolfagharian, Reza Akbari & Hamidreza Fartookzadeh - 2014 - Foundations of Science 19 (2):189-207.
    Having entered into the problem structuring methods, system dynamics (SD) is an approach, among systems’ methodologies, which claims to recognize the main structures of socio-economic behaviors. However, the concern for building or discovering strong philosophical underpinnings of SD, undoubtedly playing an important role in the modeling process, is a long-standing issue, in a way that there is a considerable debate about the assumptions or the philosophical foundations of it. In this paper, with a new perspective, we have explored theory of (...)
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  31.  9
    Knowledge Management in Construction Companies in the UK.Reza Esmi & Richard Ennals - 2009 - AI and Society 24 (2):197-203.
    Knowledge management is important in the construction industry, but there is a dramatic gap between rhetoric and reality, highlighting mistaken expectations of technology. We report on a case study of a major construction company. The UK construction industry, with scarce academic qualifications, and limited use of IT, depends on knowledge sharing, and, crucially, on tacit knowledge. Economic crisis presents particular problems, and recent trends in work organization have far-reaching implications. The industry depends on human knowledge, with limited systems support. A (...)
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  32.  14
    The Meaning of Patient Advocacy for Iranian Nurses.Reza Negarandeh, Fateme Oskouie, Fazlollah Ahmadi & Mansoure Nikravesh - 2008 - Nursing Ethics 15 (4):457-467.
    Patient advocacy has been a topic of much discussion in the nursing literature for a number of decades. Ambiguities remain, however, concerning definitions of advocacy in nursing. This qualitative grounded theory-type study aimed to inquire into the meaning of patient advocacy from Iranian nurses' perspective. A purposive sample of 24 nurses (staff nurses, head nurses and supervisors) working in a large university hospital in Tehran was used. Data were collected using in-depth semistructured interviews and reflective diaries kept by the participants. (...)
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  33.  8
    Evaluating Factors Associated with Implementing Evidence-Based Practice in Nursing.Jamileh Farokhzadian, Reza Khajouei & Leila Ahmadian - 2015 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 21 (6):1107-1113.
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  34.  26
    Presenting a hybrid model in social networks recommendation system architecture development.Abolfazl Zare, Mohammad Reza Motadel & Aliakbar Jalali - 2020 - AI and Society 35 (2):469-483.
    There are many studies conducted on recommendation systems, most of which are focused on recommending items to users and vice versa. Nowadays, social networks are complicated due to carrying vast arrays of data about individuals and organizations. In today’s competitive environment, companies face two significant problems: supplying resources and attracting new customers. Even the concept of supply-chain management in a virtual environment is changed. In this article, we propose a new and innovative combination approach to recommend organizational people in social (...)
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  35.  1
    Islamization of Knowledge: A Critical Overview.Seyyed Vali Reza Nasr - 1992 - International Institute of Islamic Thought.
  36.  45
    Common Fronto-Parietal Activity in Attention, Memory, and Consciousness: Shared Demands on Integration?Hamid Reza Naghavi & Lars Nyberg - 2005 - Consciousness and Cognition 14 (2):390-425.
    Fronto-parietal activity has been frequently observed in fMRI and PET studies of attention, working memory, and episodic memory retrieval. Several recent fMRI studies have also reported fronto-parietal activity during conscious visual perception. A major goal of this review was to assess the degree of anatomical overlap among activation patterns associated with these four functions. A second goal was to shed light on the possible cognitive relationship of processes that relate to common brain activity across functions. For all reviewed functions we (...)
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  37.  53
    Students' Ethical Behavior in Iran.Mehran Nejati, Reza Jamali & Mostafa Nejati - 2009 - Journal of Academic Ethics 7 (4):277-285.
    Most of research on fostering ethical behavior among students has taken place in US and Europe. This paper seeks to provide additional information to both educators and organizations about the ethical perceptions of Iranian students by investigating the effect of gender on students’ ethical behavior. The authors developed and administered a quantitative questionnaire to a sample of 203 individuals currently pursuing accredited degrees at one of the public universities in Iran. Statistical analysis revealed that male students have a significantly less (...)
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  38. Thomas Aquinas and Mulla Sadra on the Soul-Body Problem: A Comparative Investigation.Reza Rezazadeh - 2011 - Journal of Shi'a Islamic Studies 4:415-428.
    Thomas Aquinas and Mulla Sadra both criticized the previous theories on the soul-body problem, which held that the body is a mere instrument in the employ of the soul. Instead, they, following Aristotle, regard the connection between the soul and the body as form and matter since, they thought of it as an essential connection not accidental. Despite this initial similarity there are differences between Aquinas and Sadra on this problem which in the end lead them to two distinctive results.
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  39.  1
    Speaking for and About a Spouse with Dementia: A Matter of Inclusion or Exclusion?Ali Reza Majlesi, Anna Ekström & Elin Nilsson - 2018 - Discourse Studies 20 (6):770-791.
    This study analyses sequences where people with dementia are positioned as third parties in stories about their own lives. Previous research emphasises how people with dementia are frequently excluded from social encounters, and how others tend to speak for or about them in their co-presence. Drawing on conversation analytic methods when analysing 15 video recorded interviews with Swedish couples living with dementia, we argue that telling stories in which a spouse with dementia is positioned as a third party in his (...)
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  40. Filsafat Politik Untuk Indonesia: Dari Pemikiran Plato, Edmund Husserl, Charles Taylor, Sampai Dengan Slavoj Žižek.Reza A. A. Wattimena (ed.) - 2011 - Pustaka Mas.
  41.  3
    Raising Awareness on Contract Cheating –Lessons Learned From Running Campus-Wide Campaigns.Zeenath Reza Khan, Priyanka Hemnani, Sanjana Raheja & Jefin Joshy - 2020 - Journal of Academic Ethics 18 (2):175-191.
    Contract cheating is a growing menace that most academic institutions are grappling with globally. With governments now taking steps to help combat the industry and ban such services, it is also important to encourage students to stay away from such services through proactive strategies to raise awareness so that students stop using such services. This paper uses a case study approach to capture a time-series data from three years of a university campus’s efforts to raise awareness by celebrating the International (...)
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  42.  20
    De l’imperfection : un dialogue avec l’univers mystique.Hamid Reza Shairi - 2017 - Semiotica 2017 (214):259-276.
    Name der Zeitschrift: Semiotica Jahrgang: 2017 Heft: 214 Seiten: 259-276.
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  43. A. Reza Arasteh, "Final Integration in the Adult Personality". [REVIEW]Henry Walter Brann - 1968 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 6 (1):100.
     
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  44.  31
    The Infinite Turn and Speculative Explanations in Cosmology.Reza Tavakol & Fabio Gironi - 2017 - Foundations of Science 22 (4):785-798.
    Infinity, in various guises, has been invoked recently in order to ‘explain’ a number of important questions regarding observable phenomena in science, and in particular in cosmology. Such explanations are by their nature speculative. Here we introduce the notions of relative infinity, closure, and economy of explanation and ask: to what extent explanations involving relative or real constructed infinities can be treated as reasonable?
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  45.  43
    On Countable Homogeneous 3-Hypergraphs.Reza Akhtar & Alistair H. Lachlan - 1995 - Archive for Mathematical Logic 34 (5):331-344.
    We present some results on countable homogeneous 3-hypergraphs. In particular, we show that there is no unexpected homogeneous 3-hypergraph determined by a single constraint.
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  46. A Jewish Philosopher of Baghdad: ʻizz Al-Dawla Ibn Kammūna (D).Reza Pourjavady - 2006 - Brill.
     
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  47. Philosophy in Qajar Iran.Reza Pourjavady (ed.) - 2018 - Brill.
    _Philosophy in Qajar Iran_ offers an account of the life, works and philosophical thoughts of major philosophers of Iran between the late eighteenth and the early twentieth centuries.
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  48.  6
    Culturalisering van de emancipatie van migrantenvrouwen.Halleh Ghorashi - 2006 - Krisis 7 (3):42-47.
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  49.  26
    From Marxist Organizations to Feminism Iranian Women's Experiences of Revolution and Exile.Halleh Ghorashi - 2003 - Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 2 (6):89-107.
    Iranian women were extremely active during the revolution of 1979. They were or became active within various political organizations and fought for democracy and freedom. The focus of this paper is on the activities of a group of Iranian women leftists within Marxist organizations in Iran and their experiences in exile. These political activists had to leave Iran when it became a crime to be a Marxist. During their activities in Iran, their Marxist convictions limited the ways in which they (...)
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  50. Shifting and Conflicting Identities: Iranian Women Political Activists in Exile.Halleh Ghorashi - 1997 - European Journal of Women's Studies 4 (3):283-303.
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