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  1.  25
    Routledge Handbook of Bounded Rationality.Riccardo Viale - 2020 - Routledge.
    Herbert Simon's renowned theory of bounded rationality is principally interested in cognitive constraints and environmental factors and influences which prevent people from thinking or behaving according to formal rationality. Simon's theory has been expanded in numerous directions and taken up by various disciplines with an interest in how humans think and behave. This includes philosophy, psychology, neurocognitive sciences, economics, political science, sociology, management, and organization studies. The Routledge Handbook of Bounded Rationality draws together an international team of leading experts to (...)
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  2. On the psychology of vague predicates.Nicolao Bonini, Daniel Osherson, Riccardo Viale & Timothy Williamson - 1999 - Mind and Language 14 (4):377–393.
    Most speakers experience unclarity about the application of predicates like tall and red to liminal cases. We formulate alternative psychological hypotheses about the nature of this unclarity, and report experiments that provide a partial test of them. A psychologized version of the ‘vagueness-as-ignorance’ theory is then advanced and defended.
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  3. Routledge Handbook on Bounded Rationality.Riccardo Viale (ed.) - 2020
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  4.  29
    The normative and descriptive weaknesses of behavioral economics-informed nudge: depowered paternalism and unjustified libertarianism.Riccardo Viale - 2018 - Mind and Society 17 (1):53-69.
    The article aims to demonstrate that the nudge theory suffers from three main weaknesses stemming from its theoretical dependence on behavioural economics. The first two weaknesses endanger the paternalistic goal, whereas the third does not justify the libertarian attribute. The first weakness lies in the incomplete realistic characterisation of behavioural economics theory that is the central theoretical pillar of Nudge theory. The second weakness is even more relevant. The normative model of behavioural economics is neoclassical rationality. It can be applied (...)
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  5.  18
    Architecture of the mind and libertarian paternalism: is the reversibility of system 1 nudges likely to happen?Riccardo Viale - 2019 - Mind and Society 18 (2):143-166.
    The libertarian attribute of Thaler and Sunstein’s nudge theory (Nudge: improving decisions about health, wealth, and happiness. Yale University Press, New Haven, 2008) is one of the most important features for its candidature as a new model for public policy-making. It relies on the reversibility of choices made under the influence of nudging. Since the mind is articulated into two systems, the choice taken by System 1 is always reversible because it can be overridden by the deliberative and corrective role (...)
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  6.  17
    The epistemic uncertainty of COVID-19: failures and successes of heuristics in clinical decision-making.Riccardo Viale - 2020 - Mind and Society 20 (1):149-154.
    The brief article deals with the following questions: Was the adaptive toolbox of heuristics ecologically rational and specifically accurate in the initial stages of COVID-19, which was characterized by epistemic uncertainty? In other words, in dealing with COVID-19 did the environmental structural variables allow the success of a given heuristic strategy?
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  7.  54
    Causal cognition and causal realism.Riccardo Viale - 1999 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 13 (2):151 – 167.
    Recent research on “causal cognition” in adults and infants shows that we can perceive singular causal relations not previously experienced. In particular, infants that are able to perceive causality seem to rely on innate beliefs and principles that allow a priori inference of a connection between cause and effect. Can causal cognition in infants justify the thesis of causal realism? On the one hand, it weakens the central pillar of the Humean arguments: the impossibility of a synthetic a priori causal (...)
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  8. Cognitive development, culture, and inductive judgment.Riccardo Viale & Daniel Osherson - 2006 - In Riccardo Viale, Daniel Andler & Lawrence Hirschfeld (eds.), Biological and cultural bases of human inference. Mahwah, N.J.: Lawerence Erlbaum.
  9.  50
    The Diversity Principle and the Little Scientist Hypothesis.Daniel Osherson & Riccardo Viale - 2000 - Foundations of Science 5 (2):239-253.
    The remarkable transition from helpless infant to sophisticatedfive-year-old has long captured the attention of scholars interested inthe discovery of knowledge. To explain these achievements, developmentalpsychologists often compare children's discovery procedures to those ofprofessional scientists. For the child to be qualified as a ``littlescientist'', however, intellectual development must be shown to derivefrom rational hypothesis selection in the face of evidence. In thepresent paper we focus on one dimension of rational theory-choice,namely, the relation between hypothesis confirmation and evidencediversity. Psychological research suggests cultural (...)
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  10.  19
    The Diversity Principle and the Little Scientist Hypothesis.Riccardo Viale & Daniel Osherson - 2000 - Foundations of Science 5 (2):239-253.
    The remarkable transition from helpless infant to sophisticatedfive-year-old has long captured the attention of scholars interested inthe discovery of knowledge. To explain these achievements, developmentalpsychologists often compare children's discovery procedures to those ofprofessional scientists. For the child to be qualified as a ``littlescientist'', however, intellectual development must be shown to derivefrom rational hypothesis selection in the face of evidence. In thepresent paper we focus on one dimension of rational theory-choice,namely, the relation between hypothesis confirmation and evidencediversity. Psychological research suggests cultural (...)
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  11.  5
    Explaining Social Action by Embodied Cognition: From Methodological Cognitivism to Embodied Individualism.Riccardo Viale - 2023 - In Nathalie Bulle & Francesco Di Iorio (eds.), The Palgrave Handbook of Methodological Individualism: Volume II. Springer Verlag. pp. 573-601.
    The term Methodological Cognitivism was introduced in the late 90s when cognitivism was dominated by the information-processing psychology approach. The model of the mind was of the Cartesian type, and the analogy was that of the digital Turing machine. The MC program was, however, open to incorporate within it the developments of neurocognitive sciences and embodied cognition. A dimension of wide embodied cognition of action incorporates both the causal role of the body and the causal variables of the extended, embedded, (...)
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  12.  11
    Behavioral Changes After the COVID-19 Lockdown in Italy.Veronica Cucchiarini, Laura Caravona, Laura Macchi, Federico L. Perlino & Riccardo Viale - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    This study aims at identifying the tools necessary for COVID-19 health emergency management, with particular reference to the period following the first lockdown, a crucial phase in which it was important to favor the maintenance of protective behaviors. It also aims at identifying the messages and sources that were most effective in managing communication correctly in such a crucial phase that is likely characterized by a fall in perceived health risk (due to the flattening of the epidemic curve) and a (...)
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  13.  9
    Cognitive unconscious and human rationality.Laura Macchi, Maria Bagassi & Riccardo Viale (eds.) - 2016 - Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
    Examining the role of implicit, unconscious thinking on reasoning, decision making, problem solving, creativity, and its neurocognitive basis, for a genuinely psychological conception of rationality. This volume contributes to a current debate within the psychology of thought that has wide implications for our ideas about creativity, decision making, and economic behavior. The essays focus on the role of implicit, unconscious thinking in creativity and problem solving, the interaction of intuition and analytic thinking, and the relationship between communicative heuristics and thought. (...)
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  14.  26
    Special issue on “Bounded Rationality updated”: Preface.Marco Novarese & Riccardo Viale - 2014 - Mind and Society 13 (1):1-2.
    From April 8th to 10th 2013, the Herbert Simon Society held its first General Conference in New York. About fifty researchers from different countries and working in different areas attended the event. The conference focused on three topics which were identified as particularly relevant in the development of Simonian thought: duality of mind, creativity and alternative theories to rational expectations. A first Herbert Simon Honorary Lecture by Gerd Gigerenzer opened the conference. Gerg Gigerenzer was later elected as Chairman of the (...)
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  15.  70
    Reasons, cognition and society.Raymond Boudon & Riccardo Viale - 2000 - Mind and Society 1 (1):41-56.
    Homo sociologicus and homo oeconomicus are, for different reasons, unsatisfactory models for the social sciences. A third model, called “rational model in the broad sense”, seems better endowed to cope with the many different expressions of rationality of the social agent. Some contributions by Weber, Durkheim and Marx are early examples of the application of this model of social explanation based on good subjective reasons. According to this model and to the evidence of cognitive anthropology, it is possible to reconcile (...)
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  16.  30
    Introductory article: The mind-society problem.Riccardo Viale - 2000 - Mind and Society 1 (1):3-24.
    The mind-society problem deals with the relations between mental and social phenomena. The problem is crucial in the main methodologies of social sciences. The thesis of hermeneutics is that we can only understand but not explain the relationship between beliefs and social action because mental and social events are not natural events. The thesis of social holism is that social phenomena are emergent and irreducible to mental phenomena. The thesis of rational choice theory is that social phenomena are reducible to (...)
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  17.  46
    Biological and cultural bases of human inference.Riccardo Viale, Daniel Andler & Lawrence Hirschfeld (eds.) - 2006 - Mahwah, N.J.: Lawerence Erlbaum.
    Biological and Cultural Bases of Human Inference addresses the interface between social science and cognitive science. In this volume, Viale and colleagues explore which human social cognitive powers evolve naturally and which are influenced by culture. Updating the debate between innatism and culturalism regarding human cognitive abilities, this book represents a much-needed articulation of these diverse bases of cognition. Chapters throughout the book provide social science and philosophical reflections, in addition to the perspective of evolutionary theory and the central assumptions (...)
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  18.  14
    Cognitive aspects of tacit knowledge and cultural diversity.Riccardo Viale & Andrea Pozzali - 2007 - In L. Magnani & P. Li (eds.), Model-Based Reasoning in Science, Technology, and Medicine. Springer. pp. 229--244.
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  19. Cognizione e spiegazione nello studio sociale della scienza.Riccardo Viale - 1998 - Epistemologia 21 (2):281-312.
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  20.  7
    Different Cognitive Styles in the Academy-Industry Collaboration.Riccardo Viale - 2010 - In W. Carnielli L. Magnani (ed.), Model-Based Reasoning in Science and Technology. pp. 83--105.
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  21.  21
    Special issue on “Cultural and cognitive dimensions of innovation” edited by Petra Ahrweiler and Riccardo Viale: Preface.Riccardo Viale - 2013 - Mind and Society 12 (1):1-3.
    This is an excerpt from the contentThe reasons that drive individuals to develop new technologies and to disseminate them in new products and processes, and the capacity to develop original solutions to technological problems, can be analysed with the concepts typical of individual and social cognitive psychology. Various aspects of cognitive activity address innovation. In particular, the capacity to grasp the latent questions and needs of the market that lies behind the possibility to identify opportunities for new products or services; (...)
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  22.  10
    Symposium on “Multidimensional subjective well-being”: Preface.Riccardo Viale - 2016 - Mind and Society 15 (2):191-193.
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  23.  39
    Special issue on: Dual process theories of human thought: the debate: Preface. [REVIEW]Laura Macchi, David Over & Riccardo Viale - 2012 - Mind and Society 11 (1):1-2.
    This is an excerpt from the contentThere has been increasing interest in recent years in dual process theories of human thought. This special issue of Mind and Society reflects this interest, some criticisms of these theories, and the major topics that have been discussed and debated as a result. There is the basic topic of how the postulated dual processes should be defined in the first place. Do these processes have essential defining features that can be distinguished from less central (...)
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