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Richard Ashcroft [35]Richard E. Ashcroft [31]Richard T. Ashcroft [2]Richard Edmund Ashcroft [1]
  1. Equipoise, Knowledge and Ethics in Clinical Research and Practice.Richard Ashcroft - 1999 - Bioethics 13 (3-4):314-326.
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  2.  35
    ‘Autism and the good life’: a new approach to the study of well-being.Raffaele Rodogno, Katrine Krause-Jensen & Richard E. Ashcroft - 2016 - Journal of Medical Ethics 42 (6):401-408.
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  3.  68
    Making sense of dignity.Richard Ashcroft - 2005 - Journal of Medical Ethics 31 (11):679-682.
    In this review of Leon Kass’s Life, liberty and the defense of dignity and Deryck Beyleveld and Roger Brownsword’s Human dignity in bioethics and biolaw. I consider the prospects for a theory of dignity as a basis for bioethics research. I argue that dignity theories are worth exploring in more detail, but that research needs to consider both “antitheory” accounts of the language of bioethics, and to give more weight to accounts of dignity as an outcome of holding positive liberties (...)
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  4.  38
    Fair process and the redundancy of bioethics: A polemic.Richard Ashcroft - 2008 - Public Health Ethics 1 (1):3-9.
    Queen Mary, University of London, School of Law, Mile End Road, London E1 4NS, UK. Tel: +442078825126, Fax: +442089818733, Email: r.ashcroft{at}qmul.ac.uk ' + u + '@' + d + ' '//--> Abstract Recent doctrine in both national and international organisations concerned with public health planning and resource allocation has it that direct ethical justification of substantive decisions is so difficult as to be impossible. Instead, we should agree on criteria of procedural justice and reach decisions whose justification lies in how (...)
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  5.  26
    Constructing Empirical Bioethics: Foucauldian Reflections on the Empirical Turn in Bioethics Research. [REVIEW]Richard E. Ashcroft - 2003 - Health Care Analysis 11 (1):3-13.
    The empirical turn in bioethics has been widely discussed by philosophical medical ethicists and social scientists. The focus of this discussion has been almost exclusively on methodological issues in research, on the admissibility of empirical evidence in rational argument, and on the possible superiority of empirical methods for permitting democratic lay involvement in decision-making. In this paper I consider how the collection of qualitative and quantitative social research evidence plays its part in the construction of social order, and how this (...)
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  6.  15
    Regulation and the social licence for medical research.Mary Dixon-Woods & Richard E. Ashcroft - 2008 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 11 (4):381-391.
    Regulation and governance of medical research is frequently criticised by researchers. In this paper, we draw on Everett Hughes’ concepts of professional licence and professional mandate, and on contemporary sociological theory on risk regulation, to explain the emergence of research governance and the kinds of criticism it receives. We offer explanations for researcher criticism of the rules and practices of research governance, suggesting that these are perceived as interference in their mandate. We argue that, in spite of their complaints, researchers (...)
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  7.  23
    Research ethics committees: Differences and moral judgement.Sarah J. L. Edwards, Richard Ashcroft & Simon Kirchin - 2004 - Bioethics 18 (5):408–427.
  8. Principles of Health Care Ethics.Richard E. Ashcroft (ed.) - 2007 - Wiley.
    Edited by four leading members of the new generation of medical and healthcare ethicists working in the UK, respected worldwide for their work in medical ethics, Principles of Health Care Ethics, Second Edition_is a standard resource for students, professionals, and academics wishing to understand current and future issues in healthcare ethics. With a distinguished international panel of contributors working at the leading edge of academia, this volume presents a comprehensive guide to the field, with state of the art introductions to (...)
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  9.  28
    What is clinical effectiveness?Richard Ashcroft - 2002 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 33 (2):219-233.
    Clinical trials and other forms of evaluation of medical treatment are held to give an objective assessment of the ‘clinical effectiveness’ of the medical treatments under evaluation. This kind of evaluation is central to the evidence-based medicine movement, as it provides a basis for the rational selection of treatment. The ethical status of randomised clinical trials is widely agreed to depend crucially upon the state of equipoise regarding which of two (or more) treatments is more (or most) effective in a (...)
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  10. Implications of Socio-Cultural Contexts for the Ethics of Clinical Trials.Richard E. Ashcroft, D. Chadwick, S. Clark, Richard H. T. Edwards & Lucy Frith - 1997 - Core Research.
     
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  11.  40
    What is clinical effectiveness?Richard Ashcroft - 2002 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 33 (2):219-233.
    Clinical trials and other forms of evaluation of medical treatment are held to give an objective assessment of the 'clinical effectiveness' of the medical treatments under evaluation. This kind of evaluation is central to the evidence-based medicine movement, as it provides a basis for the rational selection of treatment. The ethical status of randomised clinical trials is widely agreed to depend crucially upon the state of equipoise regarding which of two treatments is more effective in a defined population. However, the (...)
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  12.  41
    Prenatal Diagnosis and Abortion for Congenital Abnormalities: Is It Ethical to Provide One Without the Other?Angela Ballantyne, Ainsley Newson, Florencia Luna & Richard Ashcroft - 2009 - American Journal of Bioethics 9 (8):48-56.
    This target article considers the ethical implications of providing prenatal diagnosis (PND) and antenatal screening services to detect fetal abnormalities in jurisdictions that prohibit abortion for these conditions. This unusual health policy context is common in the Latin American region. Congenital conditions are often untreated or under-treated in developing countries due to limited health resources, leading many women/couples to prefer termination of affected pregnancies. Three potential harms derive from the provision of PND in the absence of legal and safe abortion (...)
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  13.  29
    Bioethics and conflicts of interest.Richard E. Ashcroft - 2004 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 35 (1):155-165.
    Bioethics has been subject to considerable social criticism in recent years. One criticism that has caused particular discomfort in the bioethics community is that bioethicists, because of the way their work is funded, are involved in profound conflicts of interest that undermine their title to be considered independent moral commentators on developments in biomedicine and biotechnology. This criticism draws its force from the assumption that bioethics is, or ought to be, a type of normative social criticism. Versions of this criticism (...)
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  14.  32
    International Research Ethics.Udo Schücklenk & Richard Ashcroft - 2000 - Bioethics 14 (2):158-172.
  15.  15
    The Ethics and Governance of Medical Research: What does regulation have to do with morality?Richard Ashcroft - 2003 - New Review of Bioethics 1 (1):41-58.
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  16.  44
    The Psychology of Repugnance and the Duty to Trust.Richard Ashcroft - 2009 - American Journal of Bioethics 9 (10):51-52.
  17.  9
    Law and the perils of philosophical grafts.Richard E. Ashcroft - 2018 - Journal of Medical Ethics 44 (1):72-72.
    Charles Foster and Jonathan Herring are to be congratulated on their useful presentation of the roles played by concepts of personhood and identity in English medical law.1 However, I fear that the project they have undertaken here is misconceived. It is an interesting and important misconception, which is widely shared in the literature on medical law and ethics; but a misconception it remains. The problem is this. What we call ‘the Law’ is in fact a complex assemblage of institutions, rules, (...)
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  18.  25
    Money, Consent, and Exploitation in Research.Richard E. Ashcroft - 2001 - American Journal of Bioethics 1 (2):62-63.
  19.  8
    Law and the perils of philosophical grafts.Richard E. Ashcroft - 2017 - Journal of Medical Ethics Recent Issues 44 (1):72-72.
    Charles Foster and Jonathan Herring are to be congratulated on their useful presentation of the roles played by concepts of personhood and identity in English medical law. 1 However, I fear that the project they have undertaken here is misconceived. It is an interesting and important misconception, which is widely shared in the literature on medical law and ethics; but a misconception it remains. The problem is this. What we call ‘the Law’ is in fact a complex assemblage of institutions, (...)
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  20. The troubled relationship between bioethics and human rights.Richard Ashcroft - 2008 - In Michael D. A. Freeman (ed.), Law and Bioethics / Edited by Michael Freeman. Oxford University Press.
  21.  19
    Face transplantation: When and for whom?Peter E. M. Butler, Alex Clarke & Richard E. Ashcroft - 2004 - American Journal of Bioethics 4 (3):16 – 17.
  22.  6
    Bioethics and conflicts of interest.Richard E. Ashcroft - 2004 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 35 (1):155-165.
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  23.  21
    Whither authenticity?Ainsley J. Newson & Richard E. Ashcroft - 2005 - American Journal of Bioethics 5 (3):53 – 55.
  24.  35
    Doing good by stealth: comments on 'Salvaging the concept of nudge'.Richard E. Ashcroft - 2013 - Journal of Medical Ethics 39 (8):494-494.
    In ‘Salvaging the Concept of Nudge’ Yashar Saghai performs an important clarificatory task which certainly advances our philosophical and ethical understanding of nudges in public policy, and in healthcare ethics in particular.1 In this brief commentary I identify some issues which could usefully be taken forward in subsequent discussions.A central difficulty with ethical discussions of nudging is that insufficient care is taken to distinguish two morally important features of nudges. The first, which Saghai very properly concentrates upon, is the mechanism (...)
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  25.  12
    The declaration of Helsinki.Richard Ashcroft - 2008 - In Ezekiel J. Emanuel (ed.), The Oxford Textbook of Clinical Research Ethics. Oxford University Press. pp. 141--148.
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  26.  5
    International Research Ethics.Udo SchÜcklenk & Richard Ashcroft - 2000 - Bioethics 14 (2):158-172.
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  27.  28
    Fair Rationing is Essentially Local: An Argument for Postcode Prescribing.Richard E. Ashcroft - 2006 - Health Care Analysis 14 (3):135-144.
    In this paper I argue that resource allocation in publicly funded medical systems cannot be done using a purely substantive theory of justice, but must also involve procedural justice. I argue further that procedural justice requires institutions and that these must be “local” in a specific sense which I define. The argument rests on the informational constraints on any non-market method for allocating scarce resources among competing claims of need. However, I resist the identification of this normative account of local (...)
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  28. Smoking, health and ethics.Richard Ashcroft & A. Dawson - forthcoming - Public Health Ethics: Key Concepts and Issues in Policy and Practice:85--99.
     
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  29. Financial incentives to encourage healthy behaviour: an analysis of UK media.Hannah Parke, Richard Ashcroft, Rebecca Brown & Clive Seale - 2013 - Health Expectations 16 (3):292-304.
    Background Policies to use financial incentives to encourage healthy behaviour are controversial. Much of this controversy is played out in the mass media, both reflecting and shaping public opinion. Objective To describe UK mass media coverage of incentive schemes, comparing schemes targeted at different client groups and assessing the relative prominence of the views of different interest groups. Design Thematic content analysis. Subjects National and local news coverage in newspapers, news media targeted at health-care providers and popular websites between January (...)
     
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  30.  18
    Regulating biomedical enhancements in the military.Richard Edmund Ashcroft - 2008 - American Journal of Bioethics 8 (2):47 – 49.
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  31.  37
    Children's consent to research participation: Social context and personal experience invalidate fixed cutoff rules.Richard Ashcroft, Trudy Goodenough, Emma Williamson & Julie Kent - 2003 - American Journal of Bioethics 3 (4):16 – 18.
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  32.  16
    Futures for bioethics?Richard Ashcroft - 2010 - Bioethics 24 (5):ii-ii.
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  33.  26
    Solidarity, Society and the Welfare State in the United Kingdom.Richard E. Ashcroft - 2000 - Health Care Analysis 8 (4):377-394.
    Political argument and institutions in the UnitedKingdom have frequently been represented as the products of ablend of nationalistic conservatism, liberal individualism andsocialism, in which consensus has been prized over ideology. This situation changed, as the standard story has it, with therise of Thatcherism in the late 1970s, and again with the arrivalof Tony Blair's ``New Labour'' pragmatism in the late 1990s. Solidarity as an element of political discourse makes itsappearance in the UK late in the day. It has been most (...)
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  34.  19
    From Public Interest to Political Justice.Richard E. Ashcroft - 2004 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 13 (1):20-27.
    In this paper I examine the ways in which the concept of “public interest” is used in biomedical policymaking to justify the preemption or overruling of decisions made by individuals about their own, their family's, or group interests in the field of healthcare. I discuss six variants of public-interest justification, before going on to consider a concrete example, the use of personal health data in health services management and medical research. I distinguish between the global public interest and particular public (...)
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  35. Teaching medical ethics and law within medical education: a model for the UK core curriculum.Richard Ashcroft & Donna Dickenson - 1998 - Journal of Medical Ethics 24:188-192.
  36.  8
    Incentives, Nudges and the Burden of Proof in Ethical Argument.Richard E. Ashcroft - 2017 - Journal of Medical Ethics 43 (3):137-137.
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  37.  10
    Ethics and health technology assessment.Richard Ashcroft - 1999 - Monash Bioethics Review 18 (2):15-24.
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  38.  28
    Hiv vaccine trials: Reconsidering the therapeutic misconception and the question of what constitutes trial related injuries.Udo Schüklenk & Richard Ashcroft - 2007 - Developing World Bioethics 7 (3):ii–iv.
    The ethical challenge is squarely focused on the question of what is owed to participants of vaccine trials who happen to become infected during the course of the trial. Not surprisingly, given the prominence of HIV/AIDS in many parts of the developing world, HIV vaccine trials have become the focal point of this debate. It is worth noting from the outset, however, that the same arguments that apply to HIV vaccines would apply to any number of microbicide trials aimed at (...)
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  39.  49
    Access to essential medicines: A Hobbesian social contract approach.Richard E. Ashcroft - 2005 - Developing World Bioethics 5 (2):121–141.
    ABSTRACTMedicines that are vital for the saving and preserving of life in conditions of public health emergency or endemic serious disease are known as essential medicines. In many developing world settings such medicines may be unavailable, or unaffordably expensive for the majority of those in need of them. Furthermore, for many serious diseases these essential medicines are protected by patents that permit the patent‐holder to operate a monopoly on their manufacture and supply, and to price these medicines well above marginal (...)
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  40.  54
    Kant, Mill, Durkheim? Trust and autonomy in bioethics and politics.Richard E. Ashcroft - 2003 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 34 (2):359-366.
  41.  82
    Head hurters.Richard Ashcroft, Stephen Burwood, J. B. Kennedy, David Papineau & Bart Schultz - 2005 - The Philosophers' Magazine 30 (30):57-61.
  42.  67
    Ethics in Medical Research: A Handbook of Good Practice: Trevor Smith, Cambridge, UK, Cambridge University Press, 1999, 403 + xvii pages, pound29.95/US$47.95. [REVIEW]Richard Ashcroft - 2001 - Journal of Medical Ethics 27 (2):140-140.
  43.  21
    Teaching for patient-centred ethics.Richard E. Ashcroft - 2000 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 3 (3):285-293.
    In this paper three models of teaching and learning medical ethics are discussed critically, the traditional and revised vocational models, and the patient-centred model. The autonomy-oriented patient-centred ethics of Beauchamp and Childress is rejected in favour of a hermeneutic practical ethics. A performative conception of ethics teaching is recommended as the most appropriate model for use in the theory and practice of ethics pedagogy.
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  44.  12
    Kant, Mill, Durkheim? Trust and autonomy in bioethics and politics.Richard E. Ashcroft - 2003 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 34 (2):359-366.
  45.  18
    Some Popular Versions of Uninformed Consent.Jane L. Hutton & Richard E. Ashcroft - 2000 - Health Care Analysis 8 (1):41-53.
    A patient's informed consent is required by the Nuremberg code, and its successors, before she can be entered into a clinical trial. However, concern has been expressed by both patients and professionals about the beneficial or detrimental effect on the patient of asking for her consent. We examine advantages and drawbacks of popular variations on consent, which might reduce the stress on patients at the point of illness. Both informed and uninformed responses to particular trials, and trials in general, are (...)
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  46.  34
    Multiculturalism in contemporary Britain: policy, law and theory.Richard T. Ashcroft & Mark Bevir - 2018 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 21 (1):1-21.
  47. Hanging around with Jackson: consistency in ethical argument, and how to avoid it.Richard Ashcroft - 2015 - In John Coggon, Sarah Chan, Søren Holm, Thomasine Kimbrough Kushner & John Harris (eds.), From reason to practice in bioethics: an anthology dedicated to the works of John Harris. Manchester University Press.
     
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  48. Kant, Mill, Durkheim? Trust and autonomy in bioethics and politics: Autonomy and trust in bioethics: The Gifford Lectures, University of Edinburgh, 2001Onora O'Neill; Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2002, pp. xiii+ 213, Price£ 40.00 Hardback, ISBN 0-521-81540-1,£ 14.95 Paperback, ISBN 0-521-89453-0. A question of trust: The BBC Reith Lectures 2002Onora O'Neill; Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2002, pp. viii+ 100, Price£ 25.00 Hardback, ISBN 0-521-82304-8,£ 9.95 Paperback, ISBN 0-521-52996-4. [REVIEW]Richard E. Ashcroft - 2003 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 34 (2):359-366.
     
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  49. The republic of health : motivating the republican turn in public health.Richard Ashcroft - 2019 - In Alastair V. Campbell, Voo Teck Chuan, Richard Huxtable & N. S. Peart (eds.), Healthcare ethics, law and professionalism: essays on the works of Alastair V. Campbell. Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group.
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  50. The social forms and functions of bioethics in the United Kingdom.Richard E. Ashcroft & Mary Dixon-Woods - 2011 - In Catherine Myser (ed.), Bioethics Around the Globe. Oxford University Press.
     
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