Results for 'Richard Caplice'

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  1.  14
    Introduction to Akkadian.S. A. K. & Richard Caplice - 1991 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 111 (1):191.
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  2. Equality and Equal Opportunity for Welfare.Richard Arneson - 1997 - In Louis P. Pojman & Robert Westmoreland (eds.), Equality: Selected Readings. Oup Usa.
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  3. .Richard Alston - unknown
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  4. Probability and the Art of Judgment.Richard C. Jeffrey - 1992 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    Richard Jeffrey is beyond dispute one of the most distinguished and influential philosophers working in the field of decision theory and the theory of knowledge. His work is distinctive in showing the interplay of epistemological concerns with probability and utility theory. Not only has he made use of standard probabilistic and decision theoretic tools to clarify concepts of evidential support and informed choice, he has also proposed significant modifications of the standard Bayesian position in order that it provide a (...)
     
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  5.  65
    Essays on Heidegger and Others: Philosophical Papers.Richard Rorty - 1991 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    Richard Rorty's collected papers, written during the 1980s and now published in two volumes, take up some of the issues which divide Anglo-Saxon analytic philosophers and contemporary French and German philosophers and offer something of a compromise - agreeing with the latter in their criticisms of traditional notions of truth and objectivity, but disagreeing with them over the political implications they draw from dropping traditional philosophical doctrines. The second volume pursues the themes of the first volume in the context (...)
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  6. The intellectual and social organization of the sciences.Richard Whitley - 1984 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    Increasing attention is paid in the social sciences and management studies to the constitution and claims of different theories, perspectives, and "paradigms." This book is one of the most respected and robust analyses of these issues. For this new paperback edition Richard Whitley--a leading figure in European business education--has written a new introduction which addresses the particular epistemological issues of business management studies.
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  7.  19
    The Quantum Revolution in Philosophy.Richard Healey - 2017 - Oxford, GB: Oxford University Press.
    Quantum theory launched a revolution in physics. But we have yet to understand the revolution's significance for philosophy. Richard Healey opens a path to such understanding. The first part of this book offers a self-contained but opinionated introduction to quantum theory. The second part assesses the theory's philosophical significance.
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  8.  29
    The Philosophy of Quantum Mechanics: An Interactive Interpretation.Richard Healey - 1989 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    This is one of the most important books on quantum mechanics to have appeared in recent years. It offers a dramatically new interpretation that resolves puzzles and paradoxes associated with the measurement problem and the behavior of coupled systems. A crucial feature of this interpretation is that a quantum mechanical measurement can be certain to have a particular outcome even when the observed system fails to have the property corresponding to that outcome just prior to the measurement interaction.
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  9.  57
    Revolutionary Politics and Locke's Two Treatises of Government.Richard Ashcraft - 1986 - Princeton University Press.
    "This is one of the most significant contributions to Locke studies in the twentieth century.
  10. The Heidegger controversy: a critical reader.Richard Wolin & Martin Heidegger (eds.) - 1993 - Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press.
    In his new introduction, "Note on a Missing Text," Richard Wolin uses the absence from this edition of an interview with Jacques Derrida as a springboard for ...
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  11. Emotion and Peace of Mind: From Stoic Agitation to Christian Temptation.Richard Sorabji - 2000 - Oxford, GB: Oxford University Press.
    Richard Sorabji presents a ground-breaking study of ancient Greek views of the emotions and their influence on subsequent theories and attitudes, Pagan and Christian. While the central focus of the book is the Stoics, Sorabji draws on a vast range of texts to give a rich historical survey of how Western thinking about this central aspect of human nature developed.
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  12. Joel Feinberg and the justification of hard paternalism.Richard J. Arneson - 2005 - Legal Theory 11 (3):259-284.
    Joel Feinberg was a brilliant philosopher whose work in social and moral philosophy is a legacy of excellent, even stunning achievement. Perhaps his most memorable achievement is his four-volume treatise on The Moral Limits of the Criminal Law, and perhaps the most striking jewel in this crowning achievement is his passionate and deeply insightful treatment of paternalism.1 Feinberg opposes Legal Paternalism, the doctrine that “it is always a good reason in support of a [criminal law] prohibition that it is necessary (...)
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  13. Liberalism, distributive subjectivism, and equal opportunity for welfare.Richard J. Arneson - 1990 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 19 (2):158-194.
  14.  26
    NGO perspectives on the social and ethical dimensions of plant genome-editing.Richard Helliwell, Sarah Hartley & Warren Pearce - 2019 - Agriculture and Human Values 36 (4):779-791.
    Plant genome editing has the potential to become another chapter in the intractable debate that has dogged agricultural biotechnology. In 2016, 107 Nobel Laureates accused Greenpeace of emotional and dogmatic campaigning against agricultural biotechnology and called for governments to defy such campaigning. The Laureates invoke the authority of science to argue that Greenpeace is putting lives at risk by opposing agricultural biotechnology and Golden Rice and is notable in framing Greenpeace as unethical and its views as marginal. This paper examines (...)
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  15.  21
    Mathematical Intuition: Phenomenology and Mathematical Knowledge.Richard L. Tieszen - 1989 - Dordrecht/Boston/London: Kluwer Academic Publishers.
    "Intuition" has perhaps been the least understood and the most abused term in philosophy. It is often the term used when one has no plausible explanation for the source of a given belief or opinion. According to some sceptics, it is understood only in terms of what it is not, and it is not any of the better understood means for acquiring knowledge. In mathematics the term has also unfortunately been used in this way. Thus, intuition is sometimes portrayed as (...)
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  16. Making Things Right: The True Consequences of Decision Theory in Epistemology.Richard Pettigrew - 2018 - In Kristoffer Ahlstrom-Vij & Jeff Dunn (eds.), Epistemic Consequentialism. Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. 220-239.
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  17.  16
    The Wager of Carnal Hermeneutics.Richard Kearney - 2015 - In Richard Kearney & Brian Treanor (eds.), Carnal Hermeneutics. New York: Fordham. pp. 15-56.
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  18.  17
    The Sleeping Sovereign: The Invention of Modern Democracy.Richard Tuck - 2015 - Cambridge, United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press.
    Richard Tuck traces the history of the distinction between sovereignty and government and its relevance to the development of democratic thought. Tuck shows that this was a central issue in the political debates of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, and provides a new interpretation of the political thought of Bodin, Hobbes and Rousseau. Integrating legal theory and the history of political thought, he also provides one of the first modern histories of the constitutional referendum, and shows the importance of (...)
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  19. Defending the purely instrumental account of democratic legitimacy.Richard J. Arneson - 2003 - Journal of Political Philosophy 11 (1):122–132.
  20. The Unity of the Proposition: Replies to Vallicella, Schnieder, and García‐Carpintero.Richard Gaskin - 2010 - Dialectica 64 (2):303-311.
    Richard Gaskin presents a work in the philosophy of language.
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  21. Pragmatism, Davidson, and Truth.Richard Rorty - 2005-01-01 - In José Medina & David Wood (eds.), Truth. Blackwell.
  22.  22
    Socrates and the State.Richard Kraut - 1984 - Princeton University Press.
    This fresh outlook on Socrates' political philosophy in Plato's early dialogues argues that it is both more subtle and less authoritarian than has been supposed. Focusing on the Crito, Richard Kraut shows that Plato explains Socrates' refusal to escape from jail and his acceptance of the death penalty as arising not from a philosophy that requires blind obedience to every legal command but from a highly balanced compromise between the state and the citizen. In addition, Professor Kraut contends that (...)
  23.  6
    Knowledge, action, and the frame problem.Richard B. Scherl & Hector J. Levesque - 2003 - Artificial Intelligence 144 (1-2):1-39.
  24. Mill Versus Paternalism.Richard J. Arneson - 1979 - Philosophy Research Archives 5:89-119.
    This paper attempts a defense of John Stuart Mill’s absolute ban against paternalistic restrictions on liberty. Mill’s principle looks more credible once we recognize that some instances of what are thought to be justified instances of paternalism are not instances of paternalism at all—e.g. anti-duelling laws. An interpretation of Mill’s argument is advanced which stresses his commitment to autonomy and his suggestion that exactly the same reasons which favor absolute freedom of speech also favor an absolute prohibition of paternalism. Alternative (...)
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  25.  66
    Exploitation, Domination, Competitive Markets, and Unfair Division.Richard Arneson - 2016 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 54 (S1):9-30.
    When the assertion that some agent is exploiting a person connotes that the exploitation is morally wrong, what is this wrong? Some maintain that exploitation need not involve unfair division of advantages, but instead is essentially domination for self-enrichment. This essay denies this claim and upholds the idea that exploitation claims concern unfair distribution. Some maintain that the hypothetical fully competitive market exchange price can serve, at least in some contexts, as the standard for assessing whether voluntary interaction is exploitative. (...)
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  26. Prioritarianism.Richard J. Arneson - 2022 - Cambridge University Press.
    Prioritarianism holds that improvements in someone's life are morally more valuable, the worse off the person would otherwise be. The doctrine is impartial, holding that a gain in one person's life counts exactly the same as an identical gain in the life of anyone equally well off. If we have some duty of beneficence to make the world better, prioritarianism specifies the content of the duty. Unlike the utilitarian, the prioritarian holds that we should not only seek to increase human (...)
     
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  27.  18
    Heidegger in Ruins: Between Philosophy and Ideology.Richard Wolin - 2022 - London: Yale University Press.
    _What does it mean when a radical understanding of National Socialism is inextricably embedded in the work of the twentieth century’s most important philosopher?_ Martin Heidegger’s sympathies for the conservative revolution and National Socialism have long been well known. As the rector of the University of Freiburg in the early 1930s, he worked hard to reshape the university in accordance with National Socialist policies. He also engaged in an all-out struggle to become the movement’s philosophical preceptor, “to lead the leader.” (...)
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  28. Autonomy and preference formation.Richard Arneson - 1994 - In Jules L. Coleman & Allen Buchanan (eds.), In Harm's Way: Essays in Honor of Joel Feinberg. New York, NY, USA: Cambridge University Press. pp. 42--75.
     
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  29.  36
    Cartesian Substance Dualism.Richard Swinburne - 2018 - In Jonathan J. Loose, Angus John Louis Menuge & J. P. Moreland (eds.), The Blackwell Companion to Substance Dualism. Oxford, U.K.: Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 133–152.
    Rene Descartes's argument begins from one obviously true premise that (at the time when he was considering this argument) Descartes is thinking. It then proceeds by means of two principles about what is “conceivable” to the conclusion that Descartes is essentially “a thinking substance distinct from his body, which he calls his 'soul'”. This chapter looks in more detail at Descartes's argument. It explains some of the terminology which Descartes uses. Descartes consists of two parts ‐ an essential part (his (...)
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  30. On thought experiments as a priori science.Richard Arthur - 1999 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 13 (3):215 – 229.
    Against Norton's claim that all thought experiments can be reduced to explicit arguments, I defend Brown's position that certain thought experiments yield a priori knowledge. They do this, I argue, not by allowing us to perceive “Platonic universals” (Brown), even though they may contain non-propositional components that are epistemically indispensable, but by helping to identify certain tacit presuppositions or “natural interpretations” (Feyerabend's term) that lead to a contradiction when the phenomenon is described in terms of them, and by suggesting a (...)
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  31. What's Wrong with Reliabilism?Richard Foley - 2000 - In Sven Bernecker & Fred I. Dretske (eds.), Knowledge: readings in contemporary epistemology. New York: Oxford University Press.
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  32.  30
    Schopenhauer, the Philosophy of Music, and the Wisdom of Classical Indian Philosophy.Richard White - 2021 - Sophia 60 (4):899-915.
    Among Western philosophers, Schopenhauer is one of the few who seeks to clarify the nature of music, and its effects upon us. He claims that music is the most important of all the arts; and he argues that music is a kind of metaphysics that allows us to experience the ultimate reality of the world. In this essay, I evaluate Schopenhauer’s philosophy of music in the context of his overarching philosophy. Then I discuss the relevance of traditional Indian philosophies -- (...)
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  33.  27
    The Cultural Politics of ‘Implementation Science’.Richard Boulton, Jane Sandall & Nick Sevdalis - 2020 - Journal of Medical Humanities 41 (3):379-394.
    Despite the growing profile of ‘implementation science’, its status as a field of study remains ambiguous. Implementation science originates in the evidence-based movement and attempts to broaden the scope of evidence-based medicine to improve ‘clinical effectiveness’ and close the ‘implementation gap’. To achieve this agenda, implementation science draws on methodologies from the social sciences to emphasise coherence between qualitative and quantitative approaches. In so doing, we ask if this is at the expense of ignoring the dominating tendencies of the evidence-based (...)
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  34. The Role of Meta-Empirical Theory Confirmation in the Acceptance of Atomism.Richard Dawid - 2021 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 90:50-60.
    The universal acceptance of atomism in physics and chemistry in the early 20th century went along with an altered view on the epistemic status of microphysical conjectures. Contrary to the prevalent understanding during the 19th century, on the new view unobservable objects could be ‘discovered’. It is argued in the present paper that this shift can be connected to the implicit integration of elements of meta-empirical theory assessment into the concept of theory confirmation.
     
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  35.  18
    Sensory studies, or when physics was psychophysics: Ernst Mach and physics between physiology and psychology, 1860–71.Richard Staley - 2021 - History of Science 59 (1):93-118.
    This paper highlights the significance of sensory studies and psychophysical investigations of the relations between psychic and physical phenomena for our understanding of the development of the physics discipline, by examining aspects of research on sense perception, physiology, esthetics, and psychology in the work of Gustav Theodor Fechner, Hermann von Helmholtz, Wilhelm Wundt, and Ernst Mach between 1860 and 1871. It complements previous approaches oriented around research on vision, Fechner’s psychophysics, or the founding of experimental psychology, by charting Mach’s engagement (...)
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  36.  23
    Health ethics and Indigenous ethnocide.Richard Matthews - 2019 - Bioethics 33 (7):827-834.
    In colonial societies such as Canada the implications of colonialism and ethnocide (or cultural genocide) for ethical decision‐making are ill‐understood yet have profound implications in health ethics and other spheres. They combine to shape racism in health care in ways, sometimes obvious, more often subtle, that are inadequately understood and often wholly unnoticed. Along with overt experiences of interpersonal racism, Indigenous people with health care needs are confronted by systemic racism in the shaping of institutional structures, hospital policies and in (...)
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  37.  26
    Love and Money.Richard Rorty - 2019 - Common Knowledge 25 (1-3):341-345.
    In this essay Rorty argues that care or concern alone is inadequate for dealing with problems of Third World poverty; neither is there likely to be a convenient technological fix. There is no evading the hard decisions that global poverty will require of the rich nations, and there is no way past E. M. Forster’s dictum, in Howard’s End, that “We are not concerned with the very poor. They are unthinkable and only to be approached by the statistician or the (...)
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  38. Exploitation and outcome.Richard Arneson - 2013 - Politics, Philosophy and Economics 12 (4):392-412.
    Exploitation is interacting with another in a way that takes unfair advantage of that person. Exploitation is thought to be morally wrong even when it would bring about the best attainable outcome, hence conflicts with the consequentialist morality that holds one ought always to do whatever would bring about the best outcome. This essay aims to reconcile norms against exploitation and act consequentialism. A puzzle about exploitation is raised and resolved.
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  39.  34
    Essays on educators.Richard Stanley Peters - 1981 - Boston: Allen & Unwin.
  40.  60
    The Exchange of Words: Replies to critics.Richard Moran - 2019 - European Journal of Philosophy 27 (3):786-795.
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  41. Meaning, Excess, and Event.Richard Polt - 2011 - Gatherings: The Heidegger Circle Annual 1:26-53.
    This paper agrees with Thomas Sheehan that Heidegger inquires into the source of meaning in finite human existence. The paper argues, however, that Sheehan’s paradigm for interpreting Heidegger should be expanded: Heidegger is also concerned with “excess” and “event”. Excess and event are crucial to being and history, as Heidegger understands them.
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  42.  11
    Ironic Life.Richard J. Bernstein - 2016 - Malden, MA: Polity.
    "Just as philosophy begins with doubt, so also a life that may be called human begins with irony" so wrote Kierkegaard. While we commonly think of irony as a figure of speech where someone says one thing and means the opposite, the concept of irony has long played a more fundamental role in the tradition of philosophy, a role that goes back to Socrates Ð the originator and exemplar of the urbane ironic life. But what precisely is Socratic irony and (...)
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  43.  13
    The Alienated Academic: The Struggle for Autonomy Inside the University.Richard Hall - 2018 - Springer Verlag.
    Higher education is increasingly unable to engage usefully with global emergencies, as its functions are repurposed for value. Discourses of entrepreneurship, impact and excellence, realised through competition and the market, mean that academics and students are increasingly alienated from themselves and their work. This book applies Marx’s concept of alienation to the realities of academic life in the Global North, in order to explore how the idea of public education is subsumed under the law of value. In a landscape of (...)
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  44.  12
    Principles for pandemics: COVID-19 and professional ethical guidance in England and Wales.Richard Huxtable, Jonathan Ives, Giles Birchley, Mari-Rose Kennedy, Peta Coulson-Smith & Helen Smith - 2021 - BMC Medical Ethics 22 (1):1-15.
    BackgroundDuring the arrival of the COVID-19 pandemic, various professional ethical guidance was issued to (and for) health and social care professionals in England and Wales. Guidance can help to inform and support such professionals and their patients, clients and service users, but a plethora of guidance risked information overload, confusion, and inconsistency. MethodsDuring the early months of the pandemic, we undertook a rapid review, asking: what are the principles adopted by professional ethical guidance in England and Wales for dealing with (...)
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  45. Why is that art?Richard Kamber & Taylor Enoch - 2018 - In Florian Cova & Sébastien Réhault (eds.), Advances in Experimental Philosophy of Aesthetics. London: Bloomsbury Academic. pp. 79-102.
     
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  46. Meaningful Work and Market Socialism Revisited.Richard J. Arneson - 2009 - Analyse & Kritik 31 (1):139-151.
    If the economy consisted of labor-managed firms, so the workplace is democratic, and in addition the benefits and burdens of economic cooperation were shared equitably and the economy operated efficiently, might there still be a morally compelling case for further intervention into economic arrangements so as to increase the degree to which people gain meaningful or satisfying work? ‘No!’, answers a 1987 essay by the author. This comment argues against that judgment, on the ground that morally required perfectionism or paternalism (...)
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  47.  63
    Limitations on the Scientific Study of Drug‐Enabled Mystical Experiences.Richard H. Jones - 2019 - Zygon 54 (3):756-792.
    Scientific interest in drug-induced mystical experiences reemerged in the 1990s. This warrants reexamining the philosophical issues surrounding such studies: Do psychedelic drugs cause mystical experiences? Are drug-induced experiences the same in nature as other mystical experiences? Does the fact that mystical experiences can be induced by drugs invalidate or validate mystical cognitive claims? Those questions will be examined here. An overview of the scientific examination of drug-induced mystical experiences is included, as is a brief overview of the history of the (...)
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  48. The Heidegger Controversy: A Critical Reader.Richard Wolin & Tom Rockmore - 1992 - Ethics 103 (1):178-181.
    This anthology is a significant contribution to the debate over the relevance of Martin Heidegger's Nazi ties to the interpretation and evaluation of his philosophical work. Included are a selection of basic documents by Heidegger, essays and letters by Heidegger's colleagues that offer contemporary context and testimony, and interpretive evaluations by Heidegger's heirs and critics in France and Germany.In his new introduction, "Note on a Missing Text," Richard Wolin uses the absence from this edition of an interview with Jacques (...)
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  49. Commodification and commerical surrogacy.Richard J. Arneson - 1992 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 21 (2):132-164.
  50.  52
    ``Evidence and Reasons for Belief".Richard Foley - 1991 - Analysis 51 (2):98-102.
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