Results for 'Richard E. Litz'

1000+ found
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  1.  20
    Persea Americana (Avocado): Bringing Ancient Flowers to Fruit in the Genomics Era.André S. Chanderbali, Victor A. Albert, Vanessa E. T. M. Ashworth, Michael T. Clegg, Richard E. Litz, Douglas E. Soltis & Pamela S. Soltis - 2008 - Bioessays 30 (4):386-396.
  2. Human Inference: Strategies and Shortcomings of Social Judgment.Richard E. Nisbett & Lee Ross - 1980 - Prentice-Hall.
  3. Telling More Than We Can Know: Verbal Reports on Mental Processes.Richard E. Nisbett & Timothy D. Wilson~ - 1977 - Psychological Review 84 (3):231-59.
    Reviews evidence which suggests that there may be little or no direct introspective access to higher order cognitive processes. Ss are sometimes unaware of the existence of a stimulus that importantly influenced a response, unaware of the existence of the response, and unaware that the stimulus has affected the response. It is proposed that when people attempt to report on their cognitive processes, that is, on the processes mediating the effects of a stimulus on a response, they do not do (...)
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  4.  19
    Emotional Priming of Autobiographical Memory in Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder.Richard J. McNally, Brett T. Litz, Adrienne Prassas, Lisa M. Shin & Frank W. Weathers - 1994 - Cognition and Emotion 8 (4):351-367.
  5.  36
    Telling More Than We Can Know: Verbal Reports on Mental Processes.Richard E. Nisbett & Timothy D. Wilson - 1977 - Psychological Review; Psychological Review 84 (3):231.
  6.  47
    Culture and Systems of Thought: Holistic Versus Analytic Cognition.Richard E. Nisbett, Kaiping Peng, Incheol Choi & Ara Norenzayan - 2001 - Psychological Review 108 (2):291-310.
    The authors find East Asians to be holistic, attending to the entire field and assigning causality to it, making relatively little use of categories and formal logic, and relying on "dialectical" reasoning, whereas Westerners, are more analytic, paying attention primarily to the object and the categories to which it belongs and using rules, including formal logic, to understand its behavior. The 2 types of cognitive processes are embedded in different naive metaphysical systems and tacit epistemologies. The authors speculate that the (...)
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  7.  38
    Intentionality: An Essay in the Philosophy of Mind.Richard E. Aquila - 1985 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 46 (1):159-170.
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  8.  19
    Convention: A Philosophical Study.Richard E. Grandy - 1977 - Journal of Philosophy 74 (2):129-139.
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  9.  88
    A Response to Richard Wolin on Gadamer and the Nazis.Richard E. Palmer - 2002 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 10 (4):467 – 482.
    Richard Wolin, in his article 'Nazism and the Complicities of Hans-Georg Gadamer: Untruth and Method' ( New Republic , 15 May 2000, pp. 36-45), wrongly accuses Gadamer of being 'in complicity' with the Nazis. The present article in reply was rejected by the New Republic , but is printed here to show that Wolin in his article is misinformed and unfair. First, Wolin makes elementary factual errors, such as stating that Gadamer was born in Breslau instead of Marburg. He (...)
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  10.  28
    The Halo Effect: Evidence for Unconscious Alteration of Judgments.Richard E. Nisbett & Timothy D. Wilson - 1977 - Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 35 (4):250-256.
    Staged 2 different videotaped interviews with the same individual—a college instructor who spoke English with a European accent. In one of the interviews the instructor was warm and friendly, in the other, cold and distant. 118 undergraduates were asked to evaluate the instructor. Ss who saw the warm instructor rated his appearance, mannerisms, and accent as appealing, whereas those who saw the cold instructor rated these attributes as irritating. Results indicate that global evaluations of a person can induce altered evaluations (...)
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  11.  30
    Atheism and Freedom: A Response to Sartre and Baier: RICHARD E. CREEL.Richard E. Creel - 1984 - Religious Studies 20 (2):281-291.
    A few years ago I ran across a statement by Jean-Paul Sartre which seemed to imply that if there is a God, then there can be no human freedom. That thesis struck me as questionable, but at the time I did not pause to examine it. More recently I ran across a similar, more explicit statement by Kurt Baier, and I decided the time to pause had come. My knee-jerk response to Baier – and I confess it was probably nothing (...)
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  12.  34
    Can God Know That He Is God?: RICHARD E. CREEL.Richard E. Creel - 1980 - Religious Studies 16 (2):195-201.
    While reflecting one day on the enormous difficulties that men have in knowing that there is a God, a completely unexpected and unfamiliar question drifted into my purview – perhaps as a kind of ultimate expression of my philosophical frustration. ‘Indeed’, the question asked, ‘can even God know that he is God?’ At first I thought this query merely amusing. ‘Wouldn't it be funny if God cannot know that he is God! But of course he can.’ So my mind wandered (...)
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  13.  23
    Happiness and Resurrection: A Reply to Morreall: RICHARD E. CREEL.Richard E. Creel - 1981 - Religious Studies 17 (3):387-393.
  14. The Influence of Culture: Holistic Versus Analytic Perception.Richard E. Nisbett & Yuri Miyamoto - 2005 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 9 (10):467-473.
  15.  24
    The Use of Statistical Heuristics in Everyday Inductive Reasoning.Richard E. Nisbett, David H. Krantz, Christopher Jepson & Ziva Kunda - 1983 - Psychological Review 90 (4):339-363.
  16.  23
    Constructing Empirical Bioethics: Foucauldian Reflections on the Empirical Turn in Bioethics Research. [REVIEW]Richard E. Ashcroft - 2003 - Health Care Analysis 11 (1):3-13.
    The empirical turn in bioethics has been widely discussed by philosophical medical ethicists and social scientists. The focus of this discussion has been almost exclusively on methodological issues in research, on the admissibility of empirical evidence in rational argument, and on the possible superiority of empirical methods for permitting democratic lay involvement in decision-making. In this paper I consider how the collection of qualitative and quantitative social research evidence plays its part in the construction of social order, and how this (...)
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  17. The Evolutionary Origin of Complex Features.Richard E. Lenski - unknown
    A long-standing challenge to evolutionary theory has been whether it can explain the origin of complex organismal features. We examined this issue using digital organisms—computer programs that self-replicate, mutate, compete and evolve. Populations of digital organisms often evolved the ability to perform complex logic functions requiring the coordinated execution of many genomic instructions. Complex functions evolved by building on simpler functions that had evolved earlier, provided that these were also selectively favoured. However, no particular intermediate stage was essential for evolving (...)
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  18.  95
    Consciousness as Higher-Order Thoughts: Two Objections.Richard E. Aquila - 1990 - American Philosophical Quarterly 27 (1):81-87.
  19.  58
    The Circle of Acquaintance. Perception, Consciousness and Empathy.Richard E. Aquila - 1992 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 52 (4):994-997.
  20.  28
    Forms and Limits of Utilitarianism.Richard E. Flathman - 1965 - Ethics 76 (4):309-317.
  21.  42
    Medial Frontal Cortex: From Self-Generated Action to Reflection on One's Own Performance.Richard E. Passingham, Sara L. Bengtsson & Hakwan C. Lau - 2010 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 14 (1):16-21.
  22.  1
    Strips: A New Approach to the Application of Theorem Proving to Problem Solving.Richard E. Fikes & Nils J. Nilsson - 1971 - Artificial Intelligence 2 (3-4):189-208.
  23.  45
    On the Transfer of Fitness From the Cell to the Multicellular Organism.Richard E. Michod - 2005 - Biology and Philosophy 20 (5):967-987.
    The fitness of any evolutionary unit can be understood in terms of its two basic components: fecundity (reproduction) and viability (survival). Trade-offs between these fitness components drive the evolution of life-history traits in extant multicellular organisms. We argue that these trade-offs gain special significance during the transition from unicellular to multicellular life. In particular, the evolution of germ–soma specialization and the emergence of individuality at the cell group (or organism) level are also consequences of trade-offs between the two basic fitness (...)
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  24.  9
    The Behavioral Level of Emotional Intelligence and Its Measurement.Richard E. Boyatzis - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  25.  78
    Rules for Reasoning.Richard E. Nisbett (ed.) - 1993 - L. Erlbaum Associates.
    This book examines two questions: Do people make use of abstract rules such as logical and statistical rules when making inferences in everyday life? Can such abstract rules be changed by training? Contrary to the spirit of reductionist theories from behaviorism to connectionism, there is ample evidence that people do make use of abstract rules of inference -- including rules of logic, statistics, causal deduction, and cost-benefit analysis. Such rules, moreover, are easily alterable by instruction as it occurs in classrooms (...)
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  26.  51
    Philosophical Grounds of Rationality: Intentions, Categories, Ends.Richard E. Grandy & Richard Warner (eds.) - 1978 - Oxford University Press.
    H.P. Grice is known principally for his influential contributions to the philosophy of language, but his work also includes treatises on the philosophy of mind, ethics, and metaphysics--much of which is unpublished to date. This collection of original essays by such philosophers as Nancy Cartwright, Donald Davidson, Gilbert Harman, and P.F. Strawson demonstrates the unified and powerful character of Grice's thoughts on being, mind, meaning, and morals. An introductory essay by the editors provides the first overview of Grice's work.
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  27.  18
    Wittgenstein and the Social Sciences: Critical Reflections Concerning Peter Winch’s Interpretations and Appropriations of Wittgenstein’s Thought.Richard E. Flathman - 2000 - History of the Human Sciences 13 (2):1-15.
    Drawing heavily on Wittgenstein, Winch’s The Idea of a Social Science advanced a forceful and still valuable critique of positivist/empiricist conceptions of social science. In its more self-confident assertions concerning the nature of philosophy and society, however, Winch failed to recognize Wittgenstein’s acknowledgement of and appreciation for the indeterminacy and unsettled character of social and moral life.
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  28.  8
    The Weak Truth Table Degrees of Recursively Enumerable Sets.Richard E. Ladner & Leonard P. Sasso - 1975 - Annals of Mathematical Logic 8 (4):429-448.
  29.  15
    Language, Mind, and Knowledge.Richard E. Grandy - 1978 - Philosophical Review 87 (4):644-648.
  30.  27
    Antagonistic Neural Networks Underlying Differentiated Leadership Roles.Richard E. Boyatzis, Kylie Rochford & Anthony I. Jack - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  31.  30
    Sortals.Richard E. Grandy - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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  32.  25
    Fair Rationing is Essentially Local: An Argument for Postcode Prescribing.Richard E. Ashcroft - 2006 - Health Care Analysis 14 (3):135-144.
    In this paper I argue that resource allocation in publicly funded medical systems cannot be done using a purely substantive theory of justice, but must also involve procedural justice. I argue further that procedural justice requires institutions and that these must be “local” in a specific sense which I define. The argument rests on the informational constraints on any non-market method for allocating scarce resources among competing claims of need. However, I resist the identification of this normative account of local (...)
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  33. Improving Inductive Inference.Richard E. Nisbett, David H. Krantz, Christopher Jepson & Geoffrey T. Fong - 1982 - In Daniel Kahneman, Paul Slovic & Amos Tversky (eds.), Judgment Under Uncertainty: Heuristics and Biases. Cambridge University Press.
     
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  34.  7
    Evolutionary Causation: How Proximate is Ultimate?Richard E. Whalen - 1980 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 3 (2):202-203.
  35.  21
    The Role of the Positive Emotional Attractor in Vision and Shared Vision: Toward Effective Leadership, Relationships, and Engagement.Richard E. Boyatzis, Kylie Rochford & Scott N. Taylor - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  36. Thomas Hobbes: Skepticism, Individuality, and Chastened Politics.Richard E. Flathman - 2002 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    As its subtitle 'Skepticism, Individuality and Chastened Politics' indicates, this book is an exploration of and a largely favorable engagement with salient elements in the thinking of a theorist who is widely regarded as the greatest Anglophone political thinker and among the top rank of philosophical writers generally. In emphazing Hobbes's skepticism, Richard Flathman goes against the grain of much of the literature concerning Hobbes. The theme of individuality is more familiar, particularly from the celebrated writings on Hobbes by (...)
     
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  37. Principles of Health Care Ethics.Richard E. Ashcroft (ed.) - 2007 - Wiley.
    Edited by four leading members of the new generation of medical and healthcare ethicists working in the UK, respected worldwide for their work in medical ethics, Principles of Health Care Ethics, Second Edition_is a standard resource for students, professionals, and academics wishing to understand current and future issues in healthcare ethics. With a distinguished international panel of contributors working at the leading edge of academia, this volume presents a comprehensive guide to the field, with state of the art introductions to (...)
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  38.  54
    Hegel's Theory of Mental Actitivity.Richard E. Aquila - 1991 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 51 (3):663-675.
  39.  9
    Verbal Reports About Causal Influences on Social Judgments: Private Access Versus Public Theories.Richard E. Nisbett & Nancy Bellows - 1977 - Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 35 (9):613-624.
    128 female Ss were asked to make 4 judgments about a young woman after reading her "job application portfolio." Five characteristics of the young woman were manipulated orthogonally. Ss were asked to report how each of the 5 manipulated factors had influenced each of their judgments. "Observer Ss," who had access only to very impoverished descriptions of each of the 5 factors, were asked to predict how each of the factors would influence each of the judgments. Results show that S (...)
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  40.  89
    Stuff and Things.Richard E. Grandy - 1975 - Synthese 31 (3-4):479 - 485.
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  41.  20
    Evolutionary Transitions in Individuality: Multicellularity and Sex.Richard E. Michod - 2011 - In Brett Calcott & Kim Sterelny (eds.), The Major Transitions in Evolution Revisited. MIT Press. pp. 169--198.
    This chapter combines formal models of how the fitness of a collective can become decoupled from the fitness with more empirical work on the volvocine algae. It uses the Volvox clade as a model system. It describes the evolution of altruism in the volvocine green algae. This chapter suggests that altruism may evolve from genes involved in life-history trade-offs. It shows the several cooperation, conflict, and conflict mediation cycles in the volvocine green algae. This cycle of cooperation, conflict, and conflict (...)
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  42.  84
    Relative Blindsight in Normal Observers and the Neural Correlate of Visual Consciousness.Hakwan C. Lau & Richard E. Passingham - 2006 - Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 103 (49):18763-18768.
  43.  48
    Anadic Logic and English.Richard E. Grandy - 1976 - Synthese 32 (3-4):395 - 402.
  44.  31
    Medial Frontal Cortex: From Self-Generated Action to Reflection on One's Own Performance.Hakwan C. Lau Richard E. Passingham, Sara L. Bengtsson - 2010 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 14 (1):16.
  45. The Cartesian and a Certain "Poetic" Notion of Consciousness.Richard E. Aquila - 1988 - Journal of the History of Ideas 49 (4):543.
  46.  25
    Child Workers, Globalization, and International Business Ethics: A Case Study in Brazil’s Export-Oriented Shoe Industry.Richard E. Wokutch - 2005 - Business Ethics Quarterly 15 (4):615-640.
    Disputes regarding the ethics of work by children have intensified in recent years, with little resolution. The impasses stem from failure to recognize the diverse forms of child work and a lack of empirical research regarding its causes and consequences. We report on data gathered in Brazil’s export-oriented shoe industry, which is notorious for the employment of children. Central findings are: 1) the causes of child work have less to do with backwardness and more to do with how shoe workers (...)
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  47. Kuhn's World Changes.Richard E. Grandy - 2003 - In Thomas Nickles (ed.), Thomas Kuhn. Cambridge University Press. pp. 246.
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  48.  7
    Law and the Perils of Philosophical Grafts.Richard E. Ashcroft - 2018 - Journal of Medical Ethics 44 (1):72-72.
    Charles Foster and Jonathan Herring are to be congratulated on their useful presentation of the roles played by concepts of personhood and identity in English medical law.1 However, I fear that the project they have undertaken here is misconceived. It is an interesting and important misconception, which is widely shared in the literature on medical law and ethics; but a misconception it remains. The problem is this. What we call ‘the Law’ is in fact a complex assemblage of institutions, rules, (...)
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  49.  3
    What Are Models and Why Do We Need Them?Richard E. Grandy - 2003 - Science and Education: Academic Journal of Ushynsky University 12 (8):773-777.
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  50. Free Choice and the Human Brain.Richard E. Passingham & Hakwan C. Lau - 2006 - In Susan Pockett, William P. Banks & Shaun Gallagher (eds.), Does Consciousness Cause Behavior? MIT Press. pp. 53-72.
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