Results for 'Richard E. Michod'

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  1.  26
    Evolution of Individuality: A Case Study in the Volvocine Green Algae.Erik R. Hanschen, Dinah R. Davison, Zachariah I. Grochau-Wright & Richard E. Michod - 2017 - Philosophy, Theory, and Practice in Biology 9 (3).
    All disciplines must define their basic units and core processes. In evolutionary biology, the core process is natural selection and the basic unit of selection and adaptation is the individual. To operationalize the theory of natural selection we must count individuals, as they are the bearers of fitness. While canonical individuals have often been taken to be multicellular organisms, the hierarchy of life shows that new kinds of individuals have evolved. A variety of criteria have been used to define biological (...)
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  2.  33
    On the Transfer of Fitness From the Cell to the Multicellular Organism.Richard E. Michod - 2005 - Biology and Philosophy 20 (5):967-987.
    The fitness of any evolutionary unit can be understood in terms of its two basic components: fecundity (reproduction) and viability (survival). Trade-offs between these fitness components drive the evolution of life-history traits in extant multicellular organisms. We argue that these trade-offs gain special significance during the transition from unicellular to multicellular life. In particular, the evolution of germ–soma specialization and the emergence of individuality at the cell group (or organism) level are also consequences of trade-offs between the two basic fitness (...)
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  3.  12
    Levels of Selection and the Formal Darwinism Project.Deborah E. Shelton & Richard E. Michod - 2014 - Biology and Philosophy 29 (2):217-224.
    Understanding good design requires addressing the question of what units undergo natural selection, thereby becoming adapted. There is, therefore, a natural connection between the formal Darwinism project (which aims to connect population genetics with the evolution of design and fitness maximization) and levels of selection issues. We argue that the formal Darwinism project offers contradictory and confusing lines of thinking concerning level(s) of selection. The project favors multicellular organisms over both the lower (cell) and higher (social group) levels as the (...)
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  4.  67
    Fitness and Evolutionary Explanation. [REVIEW]Henry C. Byerly & Richard E. Michod - 1991 - Biology and Philosophy 6 (1):45-53.
    Recent philosophical discussions have failed to clarify the roles of the concept fitness in evolutionary theory. Neither the propensity interpretation of fitness nor the construal of fitness as a primitive theoretical term succeed in explicating the empirical content and explanatory power of the theory of natural selection. By appealing to the structure of simple mathematical models of natural selection, we separate out different contrasts which have tended to confuse discussions of fitness: the distinction between what fitness is defined as versus (...)
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  5.  58
    Philosophical Foundations for the Hierarchy of Life.Deborah E. Shelton & Richard E. Michod - 2010 - Biology and Philosophy 25 (3):391-403.
    We review Evolution and the Levels of Selection by Samir Okasha. This important book provides a cohesive philosophical framework for understanding levels-of-selections problems in biology. Concerning evolutionary transitions, Okasha proposes that three stages characterize the shift from a lower level of selection to a higher one. We discuss the application of Okasha’s three-stage concept to the evolutionary transition from unicellularity to multicellularity in the volvocine green algae. Okasha’s concepts are a provocative step towards a more general understanding of the major (...)
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  6.  12
    Group Selection and Group Adaptation During a Major Evolutionary Transition: Insights From the Evolution of Multicellularity in the Volvocine Algae.Deborah E. Shelton & Richard E. Michod - 2014 - Biological Theory 9 (4):452-469.
  7.  11
    Evolutionary Transitions in Individuality: Multicellularity and Sex.Richard E. Michod - 2011 - In Brett Calcott & Kim Sterelny (eds.), The Major Transitions in Evolution Revisited. MIT Press. pp. 169--198.
    This chapter combines formal models of how the fitness of a collective can become decoupled from the fitness with more empirical work on the volvocine algae. It uses the Volvox clade as a model system. It describes the evolution of altruism in the volvocine green algae. This chapter suggests that altruism may evolve from genes involved in life-history trade-offs. It shows the several cooperation, conflict, and conflict mediation cycles in the volvocine green algae. This cycle of cooperation, conflict, and conflict (...)
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  8.  14
    Positive Heuristics in Evolutionary Biology.Richard E. Michod - 1981 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 32 (1):1-36.
  9.  4
    On Fitness and Adaptedness and Their Role in Evolutionary Explanation.Richard E. Michod - 1986 - Journal of the History of Biology 19 (2):289-302.
  10.  1
    Biology and the Origin of Values.Richard E. Michod - 1993 - In R. Michod, L. Nadel & M. Hechter (eds.), The Origin of Values. Aldine de Gruyer. pp. 261--271.
  11. On the Transfer of Fitness From the Cell to the Organism.Richard E. Michod - forthcoming - Biology and Philosophy.(Forthcoming).
  12.  5
    Darwinian Dynamics: Evolutionary Transitions in Fitness and Individuality by Richard E. Michod.Jeffrey Ihara - 1999 - Complexity 5 (1):42-43.
  13. Darwinian Dynamics: Evolutionary Transitions in Fitness and Individuality. By Richard E. Michod.P. S. Timiras - 2002 - The European Legacy 7 (4):532-532.
  14.  7
    Weiland, J. Sperma. La Nouvelle Théologie. Préface de E. Schillebeeckx. Traduit du Néerlandais Par Jean Evrard, Bruges, Desclée de Brouwer, 1969, 304 Pages. [REVIEW]Jean Richard - 1970 - Laval Théologique et Philosophique 26 (1):96.
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  15.  8
    SCHLEIERMACHER, Friedrich D.E., Theologische Enzyklopädie (1831-1832)SCHLEIERMACHER, Friedrich D.E., Theologische Enzyklopädie (1831-1832). [REVIEW]Jean Richard - 1991 - Laval Théologique et Philosophique 47 (2):284-285.
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  16. La Question Sociale Et le Mouvement Philosophique au $XIX^{E}$ Siècle.Gaston Richard - 1915 - Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods 12 (16):445-446.
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  17. La critique platonicienne de l'écrit vaut-elle aussi pour les dialogues de Platon? A propos d'une nouvelle interprétation de Phèdre 278 B 8-E 4: Le Phèdre de Platon. [REVIEW]Thomas Alexander Szlezak & Marie-Dominique Richard - 1999 - Revue de Philosophie Ancienne 17 (2):49-62.
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  18.  18
    Diversity in the Epistemology Group: Ernst von Glasersfeld and the Question of Adaptation.R. Michod - 2011 - Constructivist Foundations 6 (2):162-163.
    Upshot: Richard Michod is professor and head of the Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology at the University of Arizona. He met Ernst von Glasersfeld at the University of Georgia and was a member of the Thursday evening epistemology seminar group. In his essay he recalls the discussions he had with Ernst on the nature of evolution and adaptation.
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  19.  15
    Psychological Processes Underlying Persuasion. A Social Psychological Approach.E. Petty Richard & Brinol Pablo - 2008 - Diogenes 55 (1).
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  20.  8
    Fraternal, but Not Always Sisterly Twins: Negativity and Positivity in Liberal Theory.E. Flathman Richard - 1999 - Social Research 66 (4).
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  21.  5
    [Book Review] Willful Liberalism, Voluntarism and Individuality in Political Theory and Practice. [REVIEW]E. Flathman Richard - 1994 - In Peter Singer (ed.), Ethics. Oxford University Press. pp. 104--178.
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  22.  12
    Atheism and Freedom: A Response to Sartre and Baier: RICHARD E. CREEL.Richard E. Creel - 1984 - Religious Studies 20 (2):281-291.
    A few years ago I ran across a statement by Jean-Paul Sartre which seemed to imply that if there is a God, then there can be no human freedom. That thesis struck me as questionable, but at the time I did not pause to examine it. More recently I ran across a similar, more explicit statement by Kurt Baier, and I decided the time to pause had come. My knee-jerk response to Baier – and I confess it was probably nothing (...)
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  23.  14
    The Fearful Merging of Self and Other: Intra-Civilizational and Inter-Civilizational Colonial Cultures in Richard E. Kim’s Lost Names.Stephen Joyce - 2015 - Cultura 12 (1):85-98.
    Although most colonisations have been invasions of territory by neighbouring peoples with similar appearances, languages, and customs, postcolonial theory is dominated by cases of inter-civilizational imperialism between the West and the non-West. This article argues that a new theoretical framework is needed to describe intra-civilizational colonial encounters because the psychological conflicts of the intra-civilizational colonial sphere and their political ramifications function differently to those described in postcolonial theory. Drawing on Nobel Prize nominee Richard E. Kim’s memoir of growing up (...)
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  24.  12
    Can God Know That He Is God?: RICHARD E. CREEL.Richard E. Creel - 1980 - Religious Studies 16 (2):195-201.
    While reflecting one day on the enormous difficulties that men have in knowing that there is a God, a completely unexpected and unfamiliar question drifted into my purview – perhaps as a kind of ultimate expression of my philosophical frustration. ‘Indeed’, the question asked, ‘can even God know that he is God?’ At first I thought this query merely amusing. ‘Wouldn't it be funny if God cannot know that he is God! But of course he can.’ So my mind wandered (...)
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  25.  9
    Happiness and Resurrection: A Reply to Morreall: RICHARD E. CREEL.Richard E. Creel - 1981 - Religious Studies 17 (3):387-393.
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  26.  9
    Review of Richard E. Cytowic, *The Man Who Tasted Shapes*. [REVIEW]G. Nixon - 1999 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 6 (1):122-123.
    The Warner Books back cover proclaims: In the tradition of Oliver Sachʼs [sic] bestselling *The Man Who Mistook His Wife for a Hat...* The manner and misspellingsignify that Cytowic himself had nothing to do with such publishing hucksterism. However, one thing is clear upon reading this book: Richard Cytowic, M.D., is no Oliver Sacks. Though, as will be seen, there is much in here to recommend itself, his stilted reproduction of conversations which or may not have taken place and (...)
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  27.  5
    Moderating Rights*: RICHARD E. FLATHMAN.Richard E. Flathman - 1984 - Social Philosophy and Policy 1 (2):149-171.
    Rights might be regarded as an objectionable and even a dangerous feature of moral, political, and legal arrangements. It is an element of all types of rights that Able's having right X entails requirements or prohibitions for Baker. These restrictions hold against Baker at Able's discretion, that is unless Able excuses Baker from respecting them. Nor are the restrictions merely decorative. We must presume that they are established because of the expectation that Baker would otherwise be disposed to interfere with (...)
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  28.  22
    Juvenal: Satires. Translated by Jerome Mazzaro with an Introduction and Notes by Richard E. Braun. Pp. [Viii]+235. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1965. Cloth, $5.00. [REVIEW]E. J. Kenney - 1966 - The Classical Review 16 (01):118-.
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  29.  4
    Books in Review : The Practice of Rights by Richard E. Flathman. New York and London: Cambridge University Press, 1976. Pp. VI, 250. $15.95. [REVIEW]Richard Wasserstrom - 1977 - Political Theory 5 (4):545-550.
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  30.  3
    Bette Anton, MLS, is Head Librarian of the Pamela and Kenneth Fong Optometry and Health Sciences Library. This Library Serves the University of California, Berkeley–University of California, San Francisco Joint Medical Pro-Gram and the University of California, Berkeley, School of Optometry. Richard E. Ashcroft, Ph. D., is Leverhulme Senior Lecturer in Medical Ethics At. [REVIEW]Robert V. Brody, Chalmers C. Clark, Michael L. Gross, Heta Aleksandra Gylling, John Harris, Matti Häyry & Susan E. Herz - 2004 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 13:1-2.
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  31.  47
    A filosofia da educação de Richard Rorty: conservadorismo e elitismo ou reformismo e edificação privada?Ricardo Araujo - 2015 - Educacao E Filosofia 29 (58):665-686.
    This paper aims of is to present Richard Rorty’s Philosophy of Education, through his analysis of the education as being divided into two distinct processes: socialization and individualization. Thereafter, it is intended to show two critiques, of conservadorism and elitism, that are addressed to these processes. Finally, a redescription of the Rorty’s positions will be proposed, by assigning a reformist character to its apparent conservatism and a private character to the supposedly elitist individualization, in order to weaken the strength (...)
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  32.  8
    Entre a Tradição Humanista E o Neopragmatismo: Richard Rorty E a Virada Literária da Filosofia.Eduardo Cesar Maia Ferreira Filho - 2017 - Hybris, Revista de Filosofí­A 8:109-128.
    Este ensaio defende que o pensamento pós-analítico e pós-filosófico de Richard Rorty pode assumir uma função – de caráter profilático – muito interessante no âmbito dos estudos literários acadêmicos e na crítica literária em geral: suas reflexões críticas funcionam como uma advertência contra certas pretensões cientificistas da filosofia e, por consequência, das teorias literárias em geral. Os variados usos e objetivos da linguagemhumana em atos interpretativos – como na crítica literária – extrapolam a noção moderna de verdade como correspondência; (...)
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  33.  9
    O princípio responsabilidade, a esperança em Ernest Bloch E o orgulho nacional: Uma simétrica oposição entre a heurística do medo em Hans Jonas E a esperança social em Richard Rorty.Lenise Moura Fé Almeida - 2014 - Cadernos Do Pet Filosofia 5 (10):12-19.
    O presente trabalho tem como objetivo desenvolver uma comparação direta entre a ética da futurologia jonasiana e o neopragmatismo rortyano no que diz respeito ao tema da esperança na prática política. Este tema foi amplamente discutido por Ernest Bloch que propõe um princípio esperança capaz de ser o impulso basilar para que o homem transcenda o presente em direção ao futuro. Por sua vez, Richard Rorty aborda este tema enquanto esperança social, que diz respeito à manutenção do orgulho nacional (...)
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  34.  35
    Donald W. Loveland, Richard E. Hodel, and S. G. Sterrett: Three Views of Logic: Mathematics, Philosophy and Computer Science. [REVIEW]Patrick Allo - 2015 - Minds and Machines 25 (3):291-296.
  35.  35
    Debi Ghate and Richard E. Ralston: Why Businessmen Need Philosophy: The Capitalist’s Guide to the Ideas Behind Ayn Rand’s Atlas Shrugged.Mario Garitta - 2012 - Poiesis and Praxis 8 (4):197-201.
    The essays in this book are meant to serve as an introduction to those ideas of Ayn Rand, which are of particular relevance to business people. Rand was known as a spirited defender of the laissez-faire free enterprise system. It is less commonly known that Rand was also deeply committed to the centrality of the enterprise of philosophy for both public and private life. The essays in this book try to bridge the gap between these two aspects of Rand’s thought. (...)
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  36.  31
    Richard E. Oster: A Bibliography of Ancient Ephesus. (American Theological Library Association Bibliography Series, 19.) Pp. Xxiv+155. Metuchen, N.J. And London: American Theological Library Association & Scarecrow Press, 1987. £22.50. [REVIEW]S. R. F. Price - 1989 - The Classical Review 39 (01):148-149.
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  37.  31
    Richard E. Clairmont: A Commentary on Seneca's Apocolocyntosis Divi Claudii. Glose In Librum De Ludo Claudii Annei Senece. Pp. Viii + 121; Plates I–XVI. Chicago: Ares Publishers, 1980. [REVIEW]P. T. Eden - 1981 - The Classical Review 31 (02):328-.
  38.  16
    Philosophical Grounds of Rationality: Intentions, Categories, Ends. By Richard E. Grandy and Richard Warner.David Basinger - 1988 - Modern Schoolman 65 (2):137-138.
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  39.  5
    Matter in Mind: A Study of Kant's Transcendental Deduction, by Richard E. Aquila. [REVIEW]Ralf Meerbote - 1991 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 51 (4):929-934.
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  40.  26
    Richard E. Mitchell: Patricians and Plebeians: The Origin of the Roman State. Pp. Xvi + 276. Ithaca and London: Cornell University Press, 1990. $28.95. [REVIEW]R. T. Ridley - 1992 - The Classical Review 42 (02):464-466.
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  41.  11
    Richard E. Clairmont, Ed., A Commentary on Seneca's “Apocolocyntosis Diui Claudii” or “Glose in Librum de Ludo Claudii Annei Senece.” Critical Edition with Facing English Translation, Commentary, Notes, Indices, and Facsimile of Cod. Balliol 130. Chicago: Ares, 1980. Pp. Viii, 121, Plus 16 Facsimile Plates. [REVIEW]Judson Boyce Allen - 1983 - Speculum 58 (3):844.
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  42.  6
    David Aubert, Escripvain Et Clerc.Richard E. F. Straub.Cynthia J. Brown - 1996 - Speculum 71 (4):1032-1033.
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  43.  6
    Ladner Richard E. And Reif John H.. The Logic of Distributed Protocols . Theoretical Aspects of Reasoning About Knowledge, Proceedings of the 1986 Conference, Edited by Halpern Joseph Y., Morgan Kaufmann Publishers, Los Altos 1986, Pp. 207–222. [REVIEW]William J. Rapaport - 1988 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 53 (2):667.
  44.  8
    Richard E. Barton, Lordship in the County of Maine, C.890–1160. Woodbridge, Eng., and Rochester, N.Y.: Boydell and Brewer, 2004. Pp. Xvii, 255; Genealogical Tables and 4 Maps. $75. [REVIEW]Constance B. Bouchard - 2006 - Speculum 81 (1):141-142.
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  45.  19
    The Lord of the Rings: Scholarship in Honor of Richard E. Blackwelder. Edited by Wayne G. Hammond and Christina Scull, Shadows and Chivalry: Pain, Suffering, Evil and Goodness in the Works of George MacDonald and C.S. Lewis (Studies in Christian History & Thought). By Jeff McInnis and Inklings of Heaven: C. S. Lewis and Eschatology. By Sean Connolly. [REVIEW]Paul Brazier - 2010 - Heythrop Journal 51 (1):161-164.
  46.  16
    Richard E. Flathman, Reflections of a Would‐Be Anarchist: Ideals and Institutions of Liberalism:Reflections of a Would‐Be Anarchist: Ideals and Institutions of Liberalism.William A. Galston - 1999 - Ethics 109 (3):663-666.
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  47.  15
    Richard E. Goodkin: The Tragic Middle. Racine, Aristotle, Euripides. Pp. Ix+211. Madisonw, WI: The University of Wisconsin Press, 1992. Cased, £29.50. [REVIEW]Susanna Phillippo - 1994 - The Classical Review 44 (01):233-234.
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  48. Richard E. Aquila, Matter in Mind: A Study of Kant's Transcendental Deduction Reviewed By.D. P. Dryer - 1990 - Philosophy in Review 10 (3):91-92.
     
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  49.  16
    Book Review:The Practice of Political Authority: Authority and the Authoritative. Richard E. Flathman. [REVIEW]Thornton Anderson - 1982 - Ethics 93 (1):164-.
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  50.  4
    Pratt Vaughan R.. Semantical Considerations on Floyd–Hoare Logic. 17th Annual Symposium on Foundations of Computer Science, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York 1976, Pp. 109–121.Fischer Michael J. And Ladner Richard E.. Propositional Dynamic Logic of Regular Programs. Journal of Computer and System Sciences, Vol. 18 , Pp. 194–211.Segerberg Krister. A Completeness Theorem in the Modal Logic of Programs. Universal Algebra and Applications. Papers Presented at Stefan Banach International Mathematical Center at the Semester “Universal Algebra and Applications” Held February 15–June 9, 1978, Edited by Traczyk Tadeuz, Banach Center Publications, Vol. 9, PWN—Polish Scientific Publishers, Warsaw 1982, Pp. 31–46.Parikh Rohit. The Completeness of Propositional Dynamic Logic. Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science 1978, Proceedings, 7th Symposium, Zakopane, Poland, September 4–8, 1978, Edited by Winkowski J., Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Vol. 64, Springer-Verla. [REVIEW]Robert Goldblatt - 1986 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 51 (1):225-227.
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