37 found
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  1. A Reasonable Reply to Hume's Scepticism.Richard H. Schlagel - 1984 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 35 (4):359-374.
    According to Hume, no knowledge attainable by human beings would ever justify rational belief in recurrent physical properties and causal effects. He arrived at this conclusion because he denied the possibility of knowing--but not the reality of--either the 'inner natures' or the 'secret powers' of objects which would enable one to intuit or to demonstrate a 'necessary connection' between the internal structures of objects and their observable properties, or between the causal powers of entities and their effects. The purpose of (...)
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  2.  77
    Why Not Artificial Consciousness or Thought?Richard H. Schlagel - 1999 - Minds and Machines 9 (1):3-28.
    The purpose of this article is to show why consciousness and thought are not manifested in digital computers. Analyzing the rationale for claiming that the formal manipulation of physical symbols in Turing machines would emulate human thought, the article attempts to show why this proved false. This is because the reinterpretation of designation and meaning to accommodate physical symbol manipulation eliminated their crucial functions in human discourse. Words have denotations and intensional meanings because the brain transforms the physical stimuli received (...)
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  3. Fine's "Shaky Game" (And Why NOA Is No Ark for Science):The Shaky Game Arthur Fine.Richard H. Schlagel - 1991 - Philosophy of Science 58 (2):307-.
  4.  51
    The Semantic Conception of Theories and Scientific Realism.Richard H. Schlagel - 1990 - Review of Metaphysics 43 (4):885-887.
    This book is based on some of Suppe's revised published and unpublished papers with eight new chapters. Having written a definitive critical study of the positivist Received Theory in The Structure of Scientific Theories, Suppe has now "undertaken to provide the most comprehensive discussion of the Semantic Conception of Theories yet attempted...". The Semantic Conception derives its name from the fact that it "construes theories as what their formulations refer to when the formulations are given a semantic interpretation".
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  5.  14
    Conceptual Revolutions.Richard H. Schlagel - 1993 - Review of Metaphysics 46 (4):874-875.
    Ever since the publication in 1962 of Thomas Kuhn's highly influential book, The Structure of Scientific Revolutions, there has been considerable investigation of the nature of scientific revolutions. In this book Paul Thagard, analyzing historical examples of radical scientific transformations, presents an account of conceptual revolutions based on the Theory of Explanatory Coherence and on the assumption that thinking is computational, such that the "cognitive architecture" underlying theory construction and change can be replicated in the computer program ECHO.
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  6.  63
    Language and Perception.Richard H. Schlagel - 1962 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 23 (December):192-204.
  7.  27
    Experimental Realism: A Critique of Bas Van Fraassen's "Constructive Empiricism".Richard H. Schlagel - 1988 - Review of Metaphysics 41 (4):789 - 814.
  8.  5
    The Philosophy of Niels BohrNiels Bohr's Philosophy of Physics. [REVIEW]Richard H. Schlagel - 1988 - Review of Metaphysics 42 (1):140-142.
    In an interview with Thomas Kuhn the day before he died, Niels Bohr claimed "I think that it would be reasonable to say that no man who is called a philosopher really understands what is meant by the complementary descriptions." Since the "principle of complementarity," which Bohr initially formulated in 1927 and continued to refine throughout his life, lies at the heart of his influential "Copenhagen interpretation of quantum mechanics," this was a regrettable acknowledgment. Now, however, we are exceedingly fortunate (...)
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  9.  28
    Mental Content.Richard H. Schlagel - 1990 - Review of Metaphysics 44 (2):427-429.
    Concerned with delineating the nature of mental content and explaining its role in knowledge and behavior, this book is divided into three long chapters, discussing respectively the location, utility, and basis of content.
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  10.  38
    The Waning of the Light: The Eclipse of Philosophy.Richard H. Schlagel - 2003 - Review of Metaphysics 57 (1):105 - 133.
    THERE WAS A TIME, EONS AGO, when philosophy as the love of wisdom could lay claim to all knowledge. Aristotle’s corpus of writings covered all the main areas of inquiry then known, including an original organon on syllogistic logic and scientific method. But this hegemony over knowledge was soon challenged by separatist disciplines forming their own research strategies. As early as the third century B.C.E., following the deaths of Alexander and Aristotle, the ruling Ptolemies created in Alexandria two centers of (...)
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  11.  4
    Critical Study Experimental Realism: A Critique of Bas Van Fraassen's "Constructive Empiricism".Richard H. Schlagel - 1988 - Review of Metaphysics 41 (4):789-814.
    THE CONVICTION that nature as ordinarily experienced is the manifestation of a deeper, more extensive physical reality is now commonplace. While Aristotle could believe that the visible qualities and substantial forms of the perceptual world correspond to the real natures of things, the advent of modern classical mechanics, incorporating the atomic theory, dispelled this notion. As in the ancient atomic theories of Leucippus and Democritus, the composition, motion, and qualitative changes of phenomena were attributed to the interaction of "insensible particles," (...)
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  12.  24
    The Philosophy of Niels Bohr.Richard H. Schlagel - 1988 - Review of Metaphysics 42 (1):140-143.
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  13.  14
    Contextualistic Realism.Richard H. Schlagel - 1981 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 41 (4):437-451.
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  14.  16
    A Realistic Theory of Science.Richard H. Schlagel - 1987 - Review of Metaphysics 41 (2):393-395.
    This book contains eight essays, of which six were previously published: "Statement," "Systematic Realism," "Philosophy and Meta-Philosophy of Science: Empiricism, Popperianism and Realism," "On Global Theories," "Methodology and Systematic Philosophy," "Surface Dazzle, Ghostly Depths: An Exposition and Critical Evaluation of van Fraassen's Vindication of Empiricism Against Realism," "Understanding and Control: An Essay on the Structural Dynamics of Human Cognition," "Evolutionary Naturalist Realism: Circa 1985." The first and eighth essays are new; the second, third, fourth, and fifth were written in 1974-1975, (...)
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  15.  22
    The Rationality of Science.Richard H. Schlagel - 1984 - Review of Metaphysics 38 (1):134-136.
    Not so long ago the physical sciences were looked upon as paradigms of rationality and paragons of progress. Those prophets of science, the logical positivists or empiricists, went so far as to declare most other forms of human discourse or expression, other than logic and mathematics, either nonsensical or emotive--only science which purportedly was grounded on the secure foundations of sense data or ordinary observations and whose theoretical constructs were constructed from these empirical data was considered to be significant knowledge.
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  16.  27
    The Mind-Body Identity Impasse.Richard H. Schlagel - 1977 - American Philosophical Quarterly 14 (3):231-37.
  17.  34
    Science, Truth, and Ordinary Language.Richard H. Schlagel - 1966 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 27 (1):27-44.
    One purpose of this article is to correct the current false assumption that ordinary language is a self-Contained, Self-Sufficient, Absolute framework. Most of the article is devoted to showing how developments in the physical sciences from copernicanism to relativity theory have affected revisions in our conceptual framework, Imposing new representations of the world on our thought. It is suggested that these developments imply a relational conception of the universe described as "contextualistic realism". The challenge facing philosophers today is to revise (...)
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  18.  14
    The Waning of the Light: The Eclipse of Philosophy.Richard H. Schlagel - 2003 - Review of Metaphysics 57 (1):105-133.
    THERE WAS A TIME, EONS AGO, when philosophy as the love of wisdom could lay claim to all knowledge. Aristotle’s corpus of writings covered all the main areas of inquiry then known, including an original organon on syllogistic logic and scientific method. But this hegemony over knowledge was soon challenged by separatist disciplines forming their own research strategies. As early as the third century B.C.E., following the deaths of Alexander and Aristotle, the ruling Ptolemies created in Alexandria two centers of (...)
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  19.  9
    Knowledge and Experience.Richard H. Schlagel - 1965 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 25 (3):436-438.
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  20.  10
    The Concepts of Space and Time: Their Structure and Their Development. Milič C̆apek.Richard H. Schlagel - 1978 - Isis 69 (4):607-607.
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  21.  12
    The Philosophical Impact of Contemporary Physics. [REVIEW]Richard H. Schlagel - 1963 - Journal of Philosophy 60 (10):272-278.
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  22.  13
    Particles and Waves.Richard H. Schlagel - 1992 - Review of Metaphysics 46 (1):141-142.
    Clearly written and persuasively argued, this book illustrates how far philosophers of science have progressed since the heyday of logical positivism. In contrast to the positivists who ignored the "context of discovery" while forcing scientific inquiry into their a priori logical constraints of the "context of justification," the present approach carefully examines previous scientific discoveries to determine whether the procedures followed conform to commonly espoused theories of scientific method. Achinstein carries this technique to perfection.
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  23.  15
    Meeting Hume's Skeptical Challenge.Richard H. Schlagel - 1992 - Review of Metaphysics 45 (4):691 - 711.
    IT IS A REMARKABLE TRIBUTE TO HUME that of all past philosophical views, his critique of causality is nearly unique in being considered as true today as when he first proposed it over two centuries ago. Arthur Fine, for example, states, "I think we ought to follow Hume's prescription on induction with regard to the external world," while Quine flatly claims that "the Humean predicament is the human predicament." Despite the glaring fact that Hume's skepticism was induced by the severe (...)
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  24.  19
    The Unraveling of Scientism: American Philosophy at the End of the Twentieth Century.Richard H. Schlagel - 2005 - Review of Metaphysics 58 (3):674-676.
    Margolis’s book is driven by two convictions: that the problem of realism “is the master theme of the whole of modern philosophy” and that “[s]cientism remains the most salient vision of … analytic philosophy”. While tracing the former problem in Descartes, Kant, and post-Kantian Idealists, his main focus is the analytical scientism of the positivists developed during the first half of the twentieth century, superceded by American analytical philosophy in the second half. Defining scientism as materialism, extensionalism, reductionalism, and eliminativism (...)
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  25.  7
    C. D. Rollins' "Knowledge and Experience". [REVIEW]Richard H. Schlagel - 1965 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 25 (3):436.
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  26.  12
    The Closing of the Western Mind: The Rise of Faith and the Fall of Reason.Richard H. Schlagel - 2005 - Review of Metaphysics 58 (4):894-896.
    The legalization of Christianity occurred in 313 when Constantine’s Edict of Milan granted freedom of worship to Christians, along with tax exemption and patronage to bishops, expecting this would consolidate the Church and unify the Empire. Instead, he was confronted with bitter doctrinal disputes and incessant jurisdictional rivalry owing to scriptural obscurity provoking diverse interpretations. As Freeman states, “when one puts together the Gospels, the letters of Paul, the Book of Revelation and the Old Testament, there is no sense of (...)
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  27.  8
    Bergson and Modern Physics: A Reinterpretation and Re-EvaluationMilic Capek.Richard H. Schlagel - 1974 - Isis 65 (1):127-128.
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  28.  16
    Review: Fine's "Shaky Game" (And Why NOA Is No Ark for Science). [REVIEW]Richard H. Schlagel - 1991 - Philosophy of Science 58 (2):307 - 323.
  29.  16
    Contra Wittgenstein.Richard H. Schlagel - 1974 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 34 (4):539-550.
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  30.  3
    287299100x.Richard H. Schlagel - 2001 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 75 (3).
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  31.  2
    Bergson and the Evolution of PhysicsP. A. Y. Gunter.Richard H. Schlagel - 1970 - Isis 61 (4):548-549.
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  32.  1
    M. Lazerowitz's "Studies in Metaphilosophy". [REVIEW]Richard H. Schlagel - 1965 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 26 (2):268.
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  33. Studies in Metaphilosophy.Richard H. Schlagel - 1965 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 26 (2):268-271.
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  34. Ernest Cassirer, "The Philosophy of the Enlightenment". [REVIEW]Richard H. Schlagel - 1952 - Philosophical Forum 10:48.
     
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  35. G. E. Moore's "Some Main Problems of Philosophy". [REVIEW]Richard H. Schlagel - 1954 - Philosophical Forum 12:106.
     
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  36. Henri Bergson, "Matter and Memory". [REVIEW]Richard H. Schlagel - 1951 - Philosophical Forum 9:38.
     
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  37. Three Scientific Revolutions: How They Transformed Our Conceptions of Reality.Richard H. Schlagel - 2015 - Humanity Books.
    Science has had a profound influence in shaping contemporary perspectives of reality, yet few in the public have fully grasped the profound implications of scientific discoveries. This book describes three intellectual revolutions that led to the current scientific consensus, emphasizing how science over the centuries has undermined traditional, religious worldviews. The author begins in ancient Greece, where the first revolution took place. Beginning in the sixth-century BCE, a series of innovative thinkers rejected the mythology of their culture and turned to (...)
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