Results for 'Richard H. Thomson'

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  1. Individual Differences in Moral Behaviour: A Role for Response to Risk and Uncertainty?Colin J. Palmer, Bryan Paton, Trung T. Ngo, Richard H. Thomson, Jakob Hohwy & Steven M. Miller - 2012 - Neuroethics 6 (1):97-103.
    Investigation of neural and cognitive processes underlying individual variation in moral preferences is underway, with notable similarities emerging between moral- and risk-based decision-making. Here we specifically assessed moral distributive justice preferences and non-moral financial gambling preferences in the same individuals, and report an association between these seemingly disparate forms of decision-making. Moreover, we find this association between distributive justice and risky decision-making exists primarily when the latter is assessed with the Iowa Gambling Task. These findings are consistent with neuroimaging studies (...)
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    Philosophy of mysticism: raids on the ineffable.Richard H. Jones - 2016 - Albany: State University of New York Press.
    A comprehensive exploration of the philosophical issues raised by mysticism. This work is a comprehensive study of the philosophical issues raised by mysticism. Mystics claim to experience reality in a way not available in normal life, a claim which makes this phenomenon interesting from a philosophical perspective. Richard H. Jones’s inquiry focuses on the skeleton of beliefs and values of mysticism: knowledge claims made about the nature of reality and of human beings; value claims about what is significant and (...)
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  3. Artemidorus as symptom : Freud and Foucault.Richard H. Armstrong - 2024 - In Paul Allen Miller (ed.), Truth in the late Foucault: antiquity, sexuality and psychoanalysis. New York, NY: Bloomsbury Academic.
     
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  4. Ethics Issues in Managed Care.Richard H. Rubin - 2020 - In Frankie Perry (ed.), The tracks we leave: ethics and management dilemmas in healthcare. Chicago, IL: Health Administration Press.
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  5.  9
    Pure Consciousness, Intentionality, Selflessness, and the Philosophers' Syndrome.Richard H. Jones - 2024 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 31 (3):83-102.
    An examination of analytic philosophers' approaches to and critiques of the intelligibility of experiences of 'pure consciousness', non-intentionality, and selflessness in light of mystical experiences. Whether neuroscience can determine whether experiences of 'pure consciousness' are possible is also examined.
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    Introduction.Richard H. Bell - 2001 - Philosophical Papers 30 (3):201-204.
    This issue of Philosophical Papers assembles eight essays that are part of the larger conversation on African philosophy and the analytic tradition. Several leading philosophers have contributed to this issue with provocative remarks, beginning with a three-way debate on the nature of philosophy itself as understood and practiced in the African context. It continues with essays on consensual democracy, authoritarianism, race and cultural identity, the cosmopolitan ideal, and belief and witchcraft.
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  7.  2
    Nietzsche: ein akademisches Publikum.Richard H. Grützmacher - 1910 - Leipzig: Deichert.
    Excerpt from Nietzsche: Ein Akademisches Publikum Beurteilung zu erwarten, die ihre Maßstäbe klar darlegen wird, wenn auch deren Haltbarkeit der Natur der Sache nach an dieser Stelle nicht eingehend wird begründet werden können. About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the (...)
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    Vegan revolution: saving our world, revitalizing Judaism.Richard H. Schwartz - 2020 - Brooklyn, NY: Lantern Publishing & Media.
    For over four decades, Richard Schwartz has engaged with two ethically rich ways of living that, as he charts in this book, he came to appreciate in middle age: Judaism and veganism. Having been born into a secular Jewish family, it was his marriage and an increasing commitment to social justice that propelled him to study and rediscover the essence of his Jewish faith. That sense of social justice further raised his awareness of the environmental movement, and, ultimately, to (...)
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  9.  8
    From human dignity to natural law: an introduction.Richard H. Berquist - 2019 - Washington, D.C.: The Catholic University of America Press.
    An exposition of human dignity as the foundation of moral order. From this starting point, the author derives the most important precepts of natural law from human dignity in a systematic way. Using the principle of human dignity, the author then develops natural law precepts to guide human behavior in various areas of life corresponding to the natural inclinations: life issues, sexual issues, political issues, and the contemplative life.
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  10.  7
    Who stole my religion?: Revitalizing Judaism and applying Jewish values to help heal our imperiled planet.Richard H. Schwartz - 2016 - Jerusalem: Urim Publications. Edited by Yonassan Gershom & Shmuly Yanklowitz.
    A thought-provoking and timely call to apply Judaism's powerful teachings to help shift our imperiled planet onto a sustainable path. While appreciating the radical, transformative nature of Judaism, Richard Schwartz argues that it has been "stolen" by Jews who are in denial about climate change and other environmental threats and support politicians and policies that may be inconsistent with basic Jewish values. Tackling such diverse issues as climate change, world hunger, vegetarianism, poverty, terrorism, destruction of the environment, peace prospects (...)
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  11.  5
    Mystery 101: an introduction to the big questions and the limits of human knowledge.Richard H. Jones - 2018 - Albany, NY: SUNY Press.
    Philosophy of mystery -- Do we create our own mysteries? -- Do we know anything at all? -- What is reality? -- Why is there something rather than nothing? -- Why is nature ordered? -- Reductionism and emergence -- Does science dispel mystery? -- What of current mysteries in physics and cosmology? -- What of current mysteries in biology? -- What am i? -- What is consciousness? -- Do we have free will? -- Does god exist? -- Is there an (...)
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  12. The history of scepticism: from Savonarola to Bayle.Richard H. Popkin - 2003 - New York: Oxford University Press. Edited by Richard H. Popkin.
    This is the third edition of a classic book first published in 1960, which has sold thousands of copies in two paperback edition and has been translated into several foreign languages. Popkin's work ha generated innumerable citations, and remains a valuable stimulus to current historical research. In this updated version, he has revised and expanded throughout, and has added three new chapters, one on Savonarola, one on Henry More and Ralph Cudworth, and one on Pascal. This authoritative treatment of the (...)
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  13.  16
    The Aphorisms of Śiva: The Śivasūtra with Bhāskara's Commentary, the VārttikaThe Aphorisms of Siva: The Sivasutra with Bhaskara's Commentary, the Varttika.Richard H. Davis, Bhāskara, Mark S. G. Dyczkowski & Bhaskara - 1994 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 114 (2):312.
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    The Mumukṣuppati of Piḷḷai Lokācārya with Manavālamāmuni's CommentaryThe Mumuksuppati of Pillai Lokacarya with Manavalamamuni's Commentary.Richard H. Davis, Patricia Y. Mumme, Manavālamāmuni & Manavalamamuni - 1990 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 110 (1):151.
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    Arendt and America.Richard H. King - 2015 - Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
    Introduction: Hannah Arendt's world -- Guilt and responsibility -- The origins of totalitarianism in America -- Rediscovering the world -- Arendt, Tocqueville, and Cold War America -- Arendt, Riesman, and America as mass society -- Arendt and postwar American thought -- Reflections/refractions of race, 1945-1955 -- Arendt, the schools, and civil rights -- The Eichmann case -- Against the liberal grain -- The revolutionary traditions -- The crises of Arendt's republic -- Conclusion: once more: the film, Eichmann, and evil.
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  16.  58
    Simulating visibility during language comprehension.Richard H. Yaxley & Rolf A. Zwaan - 2007 - Cognition 105 (1):229-236.
  17. David Hume: His pyrrhonism and his critique of pyrrhonism.Richard H. Popkin - 1951 - Philosophical Quarterly 1 (5):385-407.
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    The High Road to Pyrrhonism.Richard H. Popkin - 1965 - American Philosophical Quarterly 2 (1):18 - 32.
  19. The History of Scepticism from Erasmus to Descartes.Richard H. Popkin - 1960 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 154:115-116.
     
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  20. Historical and critical Dictionary. Selections. Bayle, Richard H. Popkin & Craig Brush - 1966 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 156:255-256.
     
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  21.  8
    Burdens of Proof in Modern Discourse.Richard H. Gaskins - 1992 - Yale University Press.
    Public and professional debates have come to rely heavily on a special type of reasoning: the argument-from-ignorance, in which conclusions depend on the _lack_ of compelling information. "I win my argument," says the skillful advocate, "unless you can prove that I am wrong." This extraordinary gambit has been largely ignored in modern rhetorical and philosophical studies. Yet its broad force can be demonstrated by analogy with the modern legal system, where courts have long manipulated burdens of proof with skill and (...)
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  22.  39
    Early Buddhist Theory of Knowledge.Richard H. Robinson - 1969 - Philosophy East and West 19 (1):69-81.
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  23. Toward an Ontological Treatment of Disease and Diagnosis.Richard H. Scheuermann, Werner Ceusters & Barry Smith - 2009 - In Proceedings of the 2009 AMIA Summit on Translational Bioinformatics. American Medical Informatics Association.
    Many existing biomedical vocabulary standards rest on incomplete, inconsistent or confused accounts of basic terms pertaining to diseases, diagnoses, and clinical phenotypes. Here we outline what we believe to be a logically and biologically coherent framework for the representation of such entities and of the relations between them. We defend a view of disease as involving in every case some physical basis within the organism that bears a disposition toward the execution of pathological processes. We present our view in the (...)
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  24. Some guidelines for the phenomenological analysis of interview data.Richard H. Hycner - 1985 - Human Studies 8 (3):279 - 303.
    This article explicates, in a concrete, step-by-step manner, some procedures that can be followed in phenomenologically analyzing interview data. It also addresses a number of issues that are raised in relation to phenomenological research.
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  25. Hume on the Characters of Virtue.Richard H. Dees - 1997 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 35 (1):45-64.
    In the world according to Hume, people are complicated creatures, with convoluted, often contradictory characters. Consider, for example, Hume's controversial assessment of Charles I: "The character of this prince, as that of most men, if not of all men, was mixed .... To consider him in the most favourable light, it may be affirmed, that his dignity was free from pride, his humanity from weakness, his bravery from rashness, his temperance from austerity, his frugality from avarice .... To speak the (...)
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  26. Understanding African Philosophy: A Cross-Cultural Approach to Classical and Contemporary Issues.Richard H. Bell - 2002 - New York: Routledge.
    First published in 2002. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
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  27. Public Health and Normative Public Goods.Richard H. Dees - 2018 - Public Health Ethics 11 (1):20-26.
    Public health is concerned with increasing the health of the community at whole. Insofar as health is a ‘good’ and the community constitutes a ‘public’, public health by definition promotes a ‘public good’. But ‘public good’ has a particular and much more narrow meaning in the economics literature, and some commentators have tried to limit the scope of public health to this more narrow meaning of a ‘public good’. While such a move makes the content of public health less controversial, (...)
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  28.  64
    Berkeley and Pyrrhonism.Richard H. Popkin - 1951 - Review of Metaphysics 5 (2):223 - 246.
    The complete title of the Principles is A Treatise Concerning the Principles of Human Knowledge. Wherein the chief causes of error and difficulty in the Sciences, with the grounds of Scepticism, Atheism, and Irreligion, are Inquired into. The complete title of the Dialogues is Three Dialogues between Hylas and Philonous. The design of which is plainly to demonstrate the reality and perfection of human knowledge, the incorporeal nature of the soul, and the immediate providence of a Deity: in opposition to (...)
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  29.  62
    Hume.Richard H. Popkin - 1976 - Southwestern Journal of Philosophy 7 (2):83-95.
  30.  81
    So, Hume did read Berkeley.Richard H. Popkin - 1964 - Journal of Philosophy 61 (24):773-778.
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    Early Mādhyamika in India and China.Richard H. Robinson - 1967 - Motilal Banarsidass.
    This book gives a descriptive analysis of specific Madhyamika texts. It compares the ideology of Kumarajiva (a translator of the four Madhyamika treatises 400 A.D.) with the ideologies of the three Chinese contemporaries - HuiYuan, Seng-Jui and Seng-Chao. It envisages an intercultural transmission of religious and philosophical ideas from India to China.
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  32.  15
    Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion.Richard H. Popkin (ed.) - 1998 - Hackett Publishing Company.
    Hume's brilliant and dispassionate essay Of Miracles has been added in this expanded edition of his _Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion_, which also includes Of the Immortality of the Soul, Of Suicide, and Richard Popkin's illuminating Introduction.
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  33. Better brains, better selves? The ethics of neuroenhancements.Richard H. Dees - 2007 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 17 (4):371-395.
    : The idea of enhancing our mental functions through medical means makes many people uncomfortable. People have a vague feeling that altering our brains tinkers with the core of our personalities and the core of ourselves. It changes who we are, and doing so seems wrong, even if the exact reasons for the unease are difficult to define. Many of the standard arguments against neuroenhancements—that they are unsafe, that they violate the distinction between therapy and enhancements, that they undermine equality, (...)
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  34.  72
    Did Hume ever read Berkeley?Richard H. Popkin - 1959 - Journal of Philosophy 56 (12):535-545.
  35.  11
    The Columbia History of Western Philosophy.Richard H. Popkin (ed.) - 1999 - Cambridge University Press.
    Richard Popkin has assembled 63 leading scholars to forge a highly approachable chronological account of the development of Western philosophical traditions. From Plato to Wittgenstein and from Aquinas to Heidegger, this volume provides lively, in-depth, and up-to-date historical analysis of all the key figures, schools, and movements of Western philosophy. The Columbia History significantly broadens the scope of Western philosophy to reveal the influence of Middle Eastern and Asian thought, the vital contributions of Jewish and Islamic philosophers, and the (...)
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  36.  91
    Structuralism in Phylogenetic Systematics.Richard H. Zander - 2010 - Biological Theory 5 (4):383-394.
    Systematics based solely on structuralist principles is non-science because it is derived from first principles that are inconsistent in dealing with both synchronic and diachronic aspects of evolution, and its evolutionary models involve hidden causes, and unnameable and unobservable entities. Structuralist phylogenetics emulates axiomatic mathematics through emphasis on deduction, and “hypotheses” and “mapped trait changes” that are actually lemmas and theorems. Sister-group-only evolutionary trees have no caulistic element of scientific realism. This results in a degenerate systematics based on patterns of (...)
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  37.  10
    Structuralism in Phylogenetic Systematics.Richard H. Zander - 2010 - Biological Theory 5 (4):383-394.
    Systematics based solely on structuralist principles is non-science because it is derived from first principles that are inconsistent in dealing with both synchronic and diachronic aspects of evolution, and its evolutionary models involve hidden causes, and unnameable and unobservable entities. Structuralist phylogenetics emulates axiomatic mathematics through emphasis on deduction, and “hypotheses” and “mapped trait changes” that are actually lemmas and theorems. Sister-group-only evolutionary trees have no caulistic element of scientific realism. This results in a degenerate systematics based on patterns of (...)
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  38.  8
    Spinoza.Richard H. Popkin - 2004 - Oneworld Publications.
    This authoritative new introduction draws on both Richard H. Popkin's unparalleled scholarship and a wealth of historical and philosophical sources to highlight the real influences behind Spinoza's thought. Popkin reconstructs Spinoza the man, and his theories, contrasting these findings with some of the popularity held misconceptions. Locating him within the context of his family and background, the author assesses the impact on Spinoza of everything from his infamous excommunication, to his affection for Euclidian geometry and the work of Descartes. (...)
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  39.  25
    Everything connects: in conference with Richard H. Popkin: essays in his honor.Richard H. Popkin, James E. Force & David S. Katz (eds.) - 1999 - Boston: Brill.
    This latest book, whose editors were among those who prepared the first two volumes, centers on Popkin's crucial role in bringing together scholars from around ...
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  40.  7
    The Sceptical mode in modern philosophy: essays in honor of Richard H. Popkin.Richard H. Popkin, Richard A. Watson & James E. Force (eds.) - 1988 - Hingham, MA, USA: Distributors for the U.S. and Canada, Kluwer Academic Publishers.
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  41.  52
    Hume and Spinoza.Richard H. Popkin - 1979 - Hume Studies 5 (2):65-93.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:?;5. HUME AND SPINOZA It is strange that there has been so little interest in comparing two great philosophers, Hume and -Spinoza, who were both so important and influential in bringing about the decline of traditional religion. Jessop's bibliography indicates no interest in Hume and Spinoza up to the 1930 's. The Hume conferences of 1976, as far as I have been able to 2 determine, avoided the topic. (...)
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  42.  60
    The Religious Background of Seventeenth-Century Philosophy.Richard H. Popkin - 1987 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 25 (1):35-50.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:The Religious Background of Seventeenth-Century Philosophy RICHARD H. POPKIN IT IS AN EXCEEDINGLY GREAT PLEASURE tO participate in the twenty-fifth anniversary issue of the Journal of the Historyof Philosophy.The editor, Professor Makkreel, offered me the opportunity to discuss the rationale for my present research, which I hope has some relevance for future research in the history of philosophy. At a symposium at the American Philosophical Association meeting in (...)
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  43.  21
    Japanese Society.Richard H. Brown & Chie Nakane - 1972 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 92 (4):546.
  44.  13
    Reductionism: Analysis and the Fullness of Reality.Richard H. Jones - 2000 - Bucknell University Press.
    Reductionism’s approach brings together many of the most interesting questions today in philosophy and in science . It also presents a brief history of how reductionism has developed in Western philosophy and religion, with reference to Indian philosophy on certain issues.
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  45.  64
    Pre-adamism in 19th century american thought: “Speculative biology” and racism.Richard H. Popkin - 1978 - Philosophia 8 (2-3):205-239.
  46.  62
    Limitations on the Neuroscientific Study of Mystical Experiences.Richard H. Jones - 2018 - Zygon 53 (4):992-1017.
    Neuroscientific scanning of meditators is taken as providing data on mystical experiences. However, problems concerning how the brain and consciousness are related cast doubts on whether any understanding of the content of meditative experiences is gained through the study of the brain. Whether neuroscience can study the subjective aspects of meditative experiences in general is also discussed. So too, whether current neuroscience can establish that there are “pure consciousness events” in mysticism is open to question. The discussion points to limitations (...)
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  47. Primum Non Nocere Mortuis: Bioethics and the Lives of the Dead.Richard H. Dees - 2019 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 44 (6):732-755.
    advanced directivesend-of-life decisionsharming the deadposthumous reproductiontransplant ethics.
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  48.  65
    Conformity to Inegalitarian Conventions and Norms.Richard H. McAdams - 2005 - The Monist 88 (2):238-259.
    Conformity is a large topic and its causes are undoubtedly heterogenous. Of the various mechanisms that contribute to conformity, I will comment on two: coordination and esteem. Game theorists have given coordination significant attention. Lewis first posited that social conventions are, roughly, particular equilibrium outcomes to recurrent coordination problems. Once the equilibrium occurs, it is, by definition, in everyone’s interest to conform. Evolutionary game theorists have explored the conditions that make a certain equilibrium likely to emerge and persist when more (...)
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  49.  55
    Limitations on the Scientific Study of Drug‐Enabled Mystical Experiences.Richard H. Jones - 2019 - Zygon 54 (3):756-792.
    Scientific interest in drug-induced mystical experiences reemerged in the 1990s. This warrants reexamining the philosophical issues surrounding such studies: Do psychedelic drugs cause mystical experiences? Are drug-induced experiences the same in nature as other mystical experiences? Does the fact that mystical experiences can be induced by drugs invalidate or validate mystical cognitive claims? Those questions will be examined here. An overview of the scientific examination of drug-induced mystical experiences is included, as is a brief overview of the history of the (...)
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  50.  14
    Mysticism Examined: Philosophical Inquiries into Mysticism.Richard H. Jones - 1993 - SUNY Press.
    Mysticism presents a challenge to anyone who is interested in fundamental questions about the nature of reality, knowledge, and how we should live. In this book the author examines questions posed by mysticism. He clarifies the nature of the claims advanced by Western and Asian mystics, and explores the beliefs and values of classical mystical ways of life for their interconnections and reasonableness. Jones discusses whether all mystical experiences and all mystical claims of knowledge are similar, and examines the relation (...)
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