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  1. What is Good and Why: The Ethics of Well-Being.Richard Kraut - 2007 - Harvard University Press.
    In search of good -- A Socratic question -- Flourishing and well-being -- Mind and value -- Utilitarianism -- Rawls and the priority of the right -- Right, wrong, should -- The elimination of moral rightness -- Rules and good -- Categorical imperatives -- Conflicting interests -- Whose good? The egoist's answer -- Whose good? The utilitarian's answer - Self-denial, self-love, universal concern -- Pain, self-love, and altruism -- Agent-neutrality and agent-relativity -- Good, conation, and pleasure -- "Good" and "good (...)
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  2.  5
    What is Good and Why: The Ethics of Well-Being.Richard Kraut - 2007 - Harvard University Press.
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  3.  56
    Against Absolute Goodness.Richard Kraut - 2011 - Oup Usa.
    Are there things we should value because they are, quite simply, good? Richard Kraut argues that there are not. Goodness, he holds, is not a reason-giving property - in fact, there may be no such thing. It is an illusory and insidious category of practical thought.
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  4.  23
    What is Good and Why: The Ethics of Well-Being.Richard Kraut - 2009 - Analysis 69 (3):576-578.
    Anyone familiar with Richard Kraut's work in ancient philosophy will be excited to see him putting aside the dusty tomes of the ancients and delving into ethics first-hand. He does not disappoint. His book is a lucid and wide-ranging discussion that provides at least the core of an ethical theory and an appealing set of answers to a range of ethical questions.Kraut aims to provide an alternative to utilitarianism that preserves the good-centred nature of that theory. He claims that all (...)
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  5. Aristotle on the Human Good.Richard KRAUT - 1989 - Ethics 101 (2):382-391.
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  6. Desire and the Human Good.Richard Kraut - 1994 - Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 68 (2):315.
    When we compare contemporary moral philosophy with the well-known moral systems of earlier centuries, we should be struck by the fact that a certain assumption about human well being that is now widely taken for granted was universally rejected in the past. The contemporary moral climate predisposes us to be pluralistic about the human good, whereas earlier systems of ethics embraced a conception of well being that we would now call narrow and restrictive. One way to convey the sort of (...)
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  7. Two Conceptions of Happiness.Richard Kraut - 1979 - Philosophical Review 88 (2):167-197.
    I argue that the many similarities between what aristotle says about "eudaimonia" and what we say about happiness justify the traditional translation of "eudaimonia" as "happiness." it is not widely realized that "eudaimonia" involves a psychological state much like the one we call "happiness." nor is it generally recognized that both "eudaimonia" and "happiness" involve a standard for evaluating lives. For aristotle, The standard is objective and inflexible; for us, It is subjective and flexible. Thus, When we call someone happy (...)
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  8. Aristotle's Ethics.Richard Kraut - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Aristotle conceives of ethical theory as a field distinct from the theoretical sciences. Its methodology must match its subject matter—good action—and must respect the fact that in this field many generalizations hold only for the most part. We study ethics in order to improve our lives, and therefore its principal concern is the nature of human well-being. Aristotle follows Socrates and Plato in taking the virtues to be central to a well-lived life. Like Plato, he regards the ethical virtues (justice, (...)
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  9. Aristotle: Political Philosophy.Richard Kraut - 2004 - Oxford University Press.
    This book offers a systematic overview of Aristotle's conception of well-being, virtue and justice in the Nicomachean Ethics, and then explores the major themes of Politics: civic-mindedness, slavery, family, property, the common good, class conflict, the limited wisdom of the multitude, and the radically egalitarian institutions of the ideal society.
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  10. The Cambridge Companion to Plato.Richard Kraut (ed.) - 1992 - Cambridge University Press.
    Plato stands as the fount of our philosophical tradition, being the first Western thinker to produce a body of writing that touches upon a wide range of topics still discussed by philosophers today. In a sense he invented philosophy as a distinct subject, for although many of these topics were discussed by his intellectual predecessors and contemporaries, he was the first to bring them together by giving them a unitary treatment. This volume contains fourteen essays discussing Plato's views about knowledge, (...)
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  11.  14
    Aristotle: The Desire to Understand.Richard Kraut & Jonathan Lear - 1991 - Philosophical Review 100 (3):522.
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  12. Aristotle on the Human Good.Richard KRAUT - 1989 - Philosophy 66 (256):246-247.
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  13.  14
    The Therapy of Desire: Theory and Practice in Hellenistic Ethics.Richard Kraut - 1995 - Ethics 105 (3):613-625.
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  14. The Blackwell Guide to Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics.Richard Kraut (ed.) - 2006 - Wiley-Blackwell.
    _The Blackwell Guide to Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics_ illuminates Aristotle’s ethics for both academics and students new to the work, with sixteen newly commissioned essays by distinguished international scholars. The structure of the book mirrors the organization of the Nichomachean Ethics itself. Discusses the human good, the general nature of virtue, the distinctive characteristics of particular virtues, voluntariness, self-control, and pleasure.
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  15.  18
    The Therapy of Desire Theory and Practice in Hellenistic Ethics.Richard Kraut - 1994
  16. The Defense of Justice in Plato's Republic.Richard Kraut - 1992 - In The Cambridge Companion to Plato. Cambridge University Press. pp. 311--337.
     
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  17. Return to the Cave: Republic 519-521.Richard Kraut - 1999 - In Gail Fine (ed.), Plato 2: Ethics, Politics, Religion, and the Soul. Oxford University Press. pp. 43-62.
     
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  18.  73
    Egoism, Love, and Political Office in Plato.Richard Kraut - 1973 - Philosophical Review 82 (3):330-344.
  19. Aristotle's Ethics: Critical Essays.J. L. Ackrill, Julia Annas, M. F. Burnyeat, John M. Cooper, Marcia L. Homiak, Rosalind Hursthouse, T. H. Irwin, L. A. Kosman, Richard Kraut, John McDowell, Alfred R. Mele & Martha C. Nussbaum - 1998 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    The ethics of Aristotle , and virtue ethics in general, have enjoyed a resurgence of interest over the past few decades. Aristotelian themes, with such issues as the importance of friendship and emotions in a good life, the role of moral perception in wise choice, the nature of happiness and its constitution, moral education and habituation, are finding an important place in contemporary moral debates. Taken together, the essays in this volume provide a close analysis of central arguments in Aristotle's (...)
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  20.  82
    Plato.Richard Kraut - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  21.  12
    On Ideas: Aristotle's Criticism of Plato's Theory of Forms.Richard Kraut - 1995 - Philosophical Review 104 (1):114.
  22.  1
    Aristotle on the Human Good.Richard Kraut - 1989 - Princeton University Press.
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  23.  8
    An Introduction to Plato's Laws.Richard Kraut - 1985 - Philosophical Review 94 (1):123-127.
  24.  50
    In Defense of the Grand End:Ethics with Aristotle. Sarah Broadie.Richard Kraut - 1993 - Ethics 103 (2):361-.
  25. Introduction to the Study of Plato.Richard Kraut - 1992 - In The Cambridge Companion to Plato. Cambridge University Press. pp. 1--10.
  26.  11
    Happiness.Richard Kraut & Elizabeth Telfer - 1983 - Philosophical Review 92 (1):131.
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  27. Plato's Republic: Critical Essays.Richard Kraut, Julia Annas, John M. Cooper, Jonathan Lear, Iris Murdoch, C. D. C. Reeve, David Sachs, Arlene W. Saxonhouse, C. C. W. Taylor, James O. Urmson, Gregory Vlastos & Bernard Williams - 1997 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    Bringing between two covers the most influential and accessible articles on Plato's Republic, this collection illuminates what is widely held to be the most important work of Western philosophy and political theory. It will be valuable not only to philosophers, but to political theorists, historians, classicists, literary scholars, and interested general readers.
     
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  28.  9
    Ethics with Aristotle.Richard Kraut - 1993 - Ethics 103 (2):361-374.
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  29.  58
    Are There Natural Rights in Aristotle?Richard Kraut - 1996 - Review of Metaphysics 49 (4):755 - 774.
    Before going any further, something should be said about the word "natural" that appears in my title. Miller distinguishes two ways in which rights can be called natural, and holds that Aristotle recognizes natural rights in one sense but not the other. First, "natural" can be contrasted with "conventional," "legal," and "customary." This is the familiar distinction the Greeks made between physis and nomos. Aristotle makes use of the distinction when he contrasts natural and legal justice. According to Miller, Aristotle (...)
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  30.  33
    Aristotle on the Perfect Life.Richard Kraut - 1995 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 55 (3):731-734.
    This book is a concise, lucid and helpful discussion of some themes that Anthony Kenny has been exploring for many years. He published an excellent essay, one still worth reading, about Aristotle on eudaimonia in the 1965–66 Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society. Then in 1978, he created a sensation with The Aristotelian Ethics, in which he challenged the widespread assumption of the philosophical and scholarly world that the Nicomachean Ethics is a much improved revision of the Eudemian Ethics, and that (...)
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  31.  29
    How to Justify Ethical Propositions : Aristotle's Method.Richard Kraut - 2006 - In The Blackwell Guide to Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics. Blackwell. pp. 76--95.
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  32. Reason and Justice in Plato's Republic.Richard Kraut - 1973 - In Gregory Vlastos, Edward N. Lee, Alexander P. D. Mourelatos & Richard Rorty (eds.), Phronesis. Assen, van Gorcum. pp. 207--224.
  33.  42
    Politics, Neutrality, and the Good.Richard Kraut - 1999 - Social Philosophy and Policy 16 (1):315.
    A large number of prominent philosophers have in recent years advocated the thesis that the modern nation-state should adopt a stance of neutrality toward questions about the nature of the human good. The government, according to this way of thinking, has two proper goals, neither of which require it to make assumptions about what the constituents of a flourishing life are. First, the state must protect people against the invasion of their rights and uphold those principles of justice without which (...)
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  34.  65
    The Peculiar Function of Human Beings.Richard Kraut - 1979 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 9 (3):467 - 478.
    The passage I will discuss in this paper, one of the best known in the Aristotelian corpus, occurs in Book I chapter 7 of the Nicomachean Ethics, and concerns the ergon, i.e. the function, of human beings. Aristotle argues that we have a function, that our happiness consists in fulfilling it, and that this function must be idion, i.e. it must be peculiar to us. On this basis, he asserts that our function cannot consist in being alive, nourishment, growth, or (...)
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  35.  14
    Aristotle on the Human Good.Timothy D. Roche & Richard Kraut - 1992 - Philosophical Review 101 (3):629.
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  36.  77
    Doing Without Morality: Reflections on the Meaning of Dein in Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics.Richard Kraut - 2006 - Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 30:159-200.
  37. Aristotle on Method and Moral Education.Richard Kraut - 1998 - In Jyl Gentzler (ed.), Method in Ancient Philosophy. Oxford University Press. pp. 271--90.
     
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  38.  4
    Introduction.Richard Kraut - 2006 - In The Blackwell Guide to Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics. Blackwell. pp. 1--11.
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  39.  15
    Review: In Defense of the Grand End. [REVIEW]Richard Kraut - 1993 - Ethics 103 (2):361 - 374.
  40.  22
    Other Goods Must Be Assessed. 2.Richard Kraut - 1994 - Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 68 (2):39-54.
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  41.  69
    Individual and Conflict in Greek Ethics.Richard Kraut - 2004 - Mind 113 (450):401-404.
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  42. Plato's Euthyphro, Apology, and Crito: Critical Essays.Rachana Kamtekar, Mark McPherran, P. T. Geach, S. Marc Cohen, Gregory Vlastos, E. De Strycker, S. R. Slings, Donald Morrison, Terence Irwin, M. F. Burnyeat, Thomas C. Brickhouse, Nicholas D. Smith, Richard Kraut, David Bostock & Verity Harte - 2004 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    Plato's Euthyrphro, Apology, andCrito portray Socrates' words and deeds during his trial for disbelieving in the Gods of Athens and corrupting the Athenian youth, and constitute a defense of the man Socrates and of his way of life, the philosophic life. The twelve essays in the volume, written by leading classical philosophers, investigate various aspects of these works of Plato, including the significance of Plato's characters, Socrates's revolutionary religious ideas, and the relationship between historical events and Plato's texts.
     
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  43.  7
    Colloquium 2.Richard Kraut - 1991 - Proceedings of the Boston Area Colloquium of Ancient Philosophy 7 (1):43-62.
  44. Comments on Gregory Vlastos,'The Socratic Elenchus,'.Richard Kraut - 1983 - Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 1:59-70.
  45. Nature in Aristotle's Ethics and Politics.Richard Kraut - 2007 - Social Philosophy and Policy 24 (2):199-219.
    Aristotle's doctrine that human beings are political animals is, in part, an empirical thesis, and posits an inclination to enter into cooperative relationships, even apart from the instrumental benefits of doing so. Aristotle's insight is that human cooperation rests on a non-rational propensity to trust even strangers, when conditions are favorable. Turning to broader questions about the role of nature in human development, I situate Aristotle's attitude towards our natural propensities between two extremes: he rejects both the view that we (...)
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  46.  6
    Plato and Platonism.Richard Kraut - 1994 - Noûs 28 (4):547-555.
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  47.  22
    Good, Conation, and Pleasure.Richard Kraut - 2007 - In What is Good and Why: The Ethics of Well-Being. Harvard University Press. pp. 66-130.
  48.  30
    Aristotle’s Egalitarianism.Richard Kraut - 2006 - Philosophical Inquiry 28 (1-2):123-134.
  49.  60
    Plato's Apology and Crito: Two Recent Studies:Socrates: Philosophy in Plato's Early Dialogues. Gerasimos Xenophon Santas; Law and Obedience: The Arguments of Plato's Crito. A. D. Woozley. [REVIEW]Richard Kraut - 1981 - Ethics 91 (4):651-.
  50.  51
    Socrates.Richard Kraut - 1984 - Ancient Philosophy 4 (2):246-249.
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