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  1. What is Good and Why: The Ethics of Well-Being.Richard Kraut - 2007 - Harvard University Press.
    In search of good -- A Socratic question -- Flourishing and well-being -- Mind and value -- Utilitarianism -- Rawls and the priority of the right -- Right, wrong, should -- The elimination of moral rightness -- Rules and good -- Categorical imperatives -- Conflicting interests -- Whose good? The egoist's answer -- Whose good? The utilitarian's answer - Self-denial, self-love, universal concern -- Pain, self-love, and altruism -- Agent-neutrality and agent-relativity -- Good, conation, and pleasure -- "Good" and "good (...)
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  2.  32
    Against Absolute Goodness.Richard Kraut - 2011 - Oup Usa.
    Are there things we should value because they are, quite simply, good? Richard Kraut argues that there are not. Goodness, he holds, is not a reason-giving property - in fact, there may be no such thing. It is an illusory and insidious category of practical thought.
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  3.  13
    Well-Being: Happiness in a Worthwhile Life.Richard Kraut - 2017 - Philosophical Review 126 (3):390-393.
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  4. Aristotle: Political Philosophy.Richard Kraut - 2002 - Oxford University Press.
    This book offers a systematic overview of Aristotle's conception of well-being, virtue and justice in the Nicomachean Ethics, and then explores the major themes of Politics: civic-mindedness, slavery, family, property, the common good, class conflict, the limited wisdom of the multitude, and the radically egalitarian institutions of the ideal society.
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  5. Desire and the Human Good.Richard Kraut - 1994 - Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 68 (2):315.
    When wc compare contemporary moral philosophy with thc wcll-known moral systems of earlier centuries, wc should bc struck by thc fact that a certain assumption about human well being that is now widely taken for granted was universally rcjcctcd in thc past. The contemporary moral climate prcdisposcs us to bc pluralistic about thc human good, whcrcas earlier systems of ethics embraced a conception of wcll being that wc would now call narrow and restrictive. One way to convey thc sort of (...)
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  6. The Therapy of Desire Theory and Practice in Hellenistic Ethics.Richard Kraut - 1994
  7. Two Conceptions of Happiness.Richard Kraut - 1979 - Philosophical Review 88 (2):167-197.
    I argue that the many similarities between what aristotle says about "eudaimonia" and what we say about happiness justify the traditional translation of "eudaimonia" as "happiness." it is not widely realized that "eudaimonia" involves a psychological state much like the one we call "happiness." nor is it generally recognized that both "eudaimonia" and "happiness" involve a standard for evaluating lives. For aristotle, The standard is objective and inflexible; for us, It is subjective and flexible. Thus, When we call someone happy (...)
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  8.  29
    Aristotle's Ethics: Critical Essays.J. L. Ackrill, Julia Annas, M. F. Burnyeat, John M. Cooper, Marcia L. Homiak, Rosalind Hursthouse, T. H. Irwin, L. A. Kosman, Richard Kraut, John McDowell, Alfred R. Mele & Martha C. Nussbaum - 1998 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    The ethics of Aristotle , and virtue ethics in general, have enjoyed a resurgence of interest over the past few decades. Aristotelian themes, with such issues as the importance of friendship and emotions in a good life, the role of moral perception in wise choice, the nature of happiness and its constitution, moral education and habituation, are finding an important place in contemporary moral debates. Taken together, the essays in this volume provide a close analysis of central arguments in Aristotle's (...)
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  9. The Defense of Justice in Plato's Republic.Richard Kraut - 1992 - In The Cambridge Companion to Plato. Cambridge University Press. pp. 311--337.
     
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  10. Aristotle's Ethics.Richard Kraut - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Aristotle conceives of ethical theory as a field distinct from the theoretical sciences. Its methodology must match its subject matter—good action—and must respect the fact that in this field many generalizations hold only for the most part. We study ethics in order to improve our lives, and therefore its principal concern is the nature of human well-being. Aristotle follows Socrates and Plato in taking the virtues to be central to a well-lived life. Like Plato, he regards the ethical virtues (justice, (...)
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  11. Comments on Gregory Vlastos,'The Socratic Elenchus,'.Richard Kraut - 1983 - Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 1 (1983):59-70.
  12. Return to the Cave: Republic 519-521.Richard Kraut - 1999 - In Gail Fine (ed.), Plato 2: Ethics, Politics, Religion, and the Soul. Oxford University Press. pp. 43-62.
     
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  13. Plato's Euthyphro, Apology, and Crito: Critical Essays.Rachana Kamtekar, Mark McPherran, P. T. Geach, S. Marc Cohen, Gregory Vlastos, E. De Strycker, S. R. Slings, Donald Morrison, Terence Irwin, M. F. Burnyeat, Thomas C. Brickhouse, Nicholas D. Smith, Richard Kraut, David Bostock & Verity Harte - 2004 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    Plato's Euthyrphro, Apology, andCrito portray Socrates' words and deeds during his trial for disbelieving in the Gods of Athens and corrupting the Athenian youth, and constitute a defense of the man Socrates and of his way of life, the philosophic life. The twelve essays in the volume, written by leading classical philosophers, investigate various aspects of these works of Plato, including the significance of Plato's characters, Socrates's revolutionary religious ideas, and the relationship between historical events and Plato's texts.
     
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  14.  16
    Other Goods Must Be Assessed. 2.Richard Kraut - 1994 - Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 68 (2):39-54.
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  15.  9
    Socrates and the State.Richard Kraut & Gregory Vlastos - 1984 - Ethics 96 (2):400-415.
    This fresh outlook on Socrates' political philosophy in Plato's early dialogues argues that it is both more subtle and less authoritarian than has been supposed. Focusing on the Crito, Richard Kraut shows that Plato explains Socrates' refusal to escape from jail and his acceptance of the death penalty as arising not from a philosophy that requires blind obedience to every legal command but from a highly balanced compromise between the state and the citizen. In addition, Professor Kraut contends that our (...)
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  16. Review of Thomas Hurka, The Best Things in Life: A Guide to What Really Matters[REVIEW]Richard Kraut - 2011 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2011 (1).
  17.  25
    Politics, Neutrality, and the Good.Richard Kraut - 1999 - Social Philosophy and Policy 16 (1):315.
    A large number of prominent philosophers have in recent years advocated the thesis that the modern nation-state should adopt a stance of neutrality toward questions about the nature of the human good. The government, according to this way of thinking, has two proper goals, neither of which require it to make assumptions about what the constituents of a flourishing life are. First, the state must protect people against the invasion of their rights and uphold those principles of justice without which (...)
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  18. Reason and Justice in Plato's Republic.Richard Kraut - 1973 - In Gregory Vlastos, Edward N. Lee, Alexander P. D. Mourelatos & Richard Rorty (eds.), Phronesis. Assen, van Gorcum. pp. 207--224.
  19.  52
    Egoism, Love, and Political Office in Plato.Richard Kraut - 1973 - Philosophical Review 82 (3):330-344.
  20. Plato's Republic: Critical Essays.Richard Kraut, Julia Annas, John M. Cooper, Jonathan Lear, Iris Murdoch, C. D. C. Reeve, David Sachs, Arlene W. Saxonhouse, C. C. W. Taylor, James O. Urmson, Gregory Vlastos & Bernard Williams - 1997 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    Bringing between two covers the most influential and accessible articles on Plato's Republic, this collection illuminates what is widely held to be the most important work of Western philosophy and political theory. It will be valuable not only to philosophers, but to political theorists, historians, classicists, literary scholars, and interested general readers.
     
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  21. The Blackwell Guide to Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics.Richard Kraut (ed.) - 2006 - Wiley-Blackwell.
    _The Blackwell Guide to Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics_ illuminates Aristotle’s ethics for both academics and students new to the work, with sixteen newly commissioned essays by distinguished international scholars. The structure of the book mirrors the organization of the Nichomachean Ethics itself. Discusses the human good, the general nature of virtue, the distinctive characteristics of particular virtues, voluntariness, self-control, and pleasure.
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  22.  7
    Good, Conation, and Pleasure.Richard Kraut - 2007 - In What is Good and Why: The Ethics of Well-Being. Harvard University Press. pp. 66-130.
  23. Introduction to the Study of Plato.Richard Kraut - 1992 - In The Cambridge Companion to Plato. Cambridge University Press. pp. 1--10.
     
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  24.  40
    Doing Without Morality: Reflections on the Meaning of Dein in Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics.Richard Kraut - 2006 - Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 30:159-200.
  25.  95
    Nature in Aristotle's Ethics and Politics.Richard Kraut - 2007 - Social Philosophy and Policy 24 (2):199-219.
    Aristotle's doctrine that human beings are political animals is, in part, an empirical thesis, and posits an inclination to enter into cooperative relationships, even apart from the instrumental benefits of doing so. Aristotle's insight is that human cooperation rests on a non-rational propensity to trust even strangers, when conditions are favorable. Turning to broader questions about the role of nature in human development, I situate Aristotle's attitude towards our natural propensities between two extremes: he rejects both the view that we (...)
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  26.  66
    Gregory Vlastos on Justice and Equality.Richard Kraut - 1993 - Apeiron 26 (3/4):99 - 109.
  27.  8
    How to Justify Ethical Propositions : Aristotle's Method.Richard Kraut - 2006 - In The Blackwell Guide to Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics. Blackwell. pp. 76--95.
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  28.  50
    Socrates.Richard Kraut - 1984 - Ancient Philosophy 4 (2):246-249.
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  29.  33
    In Defense of the Grand End:Ethics with Aristotle. Sarah Broadie.Richard Kraut - 1993 - Ethics 103 (2):361-.
  30.  64
    Review: Individual and Conflict in Greek Ethics. [REVIEW]Richard Kraut - 2004 - Mind 113 (450):401-404.
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  31.  32
    Comments on Julia Annas' “Self-Love in Aristotle”.Richard Kraut - 1989 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 27 (S1):19-23.
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  32.  45
    The Peculiar Function of Human Beings.Richard Kraut - 1979 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 9 (3):467 - 478.
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  33.  47
    The Rationality of Prudence.Richard Kraut - 1972 - Philosophical Review 81 (3):351-359.
  34.  62
    Review of Charles Larmore, The Autonomy of Morality[REVIEW]Richard Kraut - 2009 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2009 (2).
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  35. Aristotle: The Desire to Understand.Richard Kraut & Jonathan Lear - 1991 - Philosophical Review 100 (3):522.
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  36. The Crossroads of Norm and Nature: Essays on Aristotle's Ethics and Metaphysics.Deborah Achtenberg, Ronna Burger, John J. Cleary, C. Wesley Demarco, Ed Halper, Susanne Hill, Richard Kraut, Michael Loux, Helen Lang, Deborah Modrak, Julius Moravcsik & Timothy Roche - 1995 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
  37.  27
    Précis: Against Absolute Goodness.Richard Kraut - 2013 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 87 (2):457-458.
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  38.  15
    Tragic Recognition.Kevin Hawthorne, Michael James, Richard Kraut, Miguel Vattei Tarnopolsky, Candace Voglen Stephen White & Linda Zerilli - 2003 - Political Theory 31 (1):6-38.
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  39.  3
    The Importance of Love in Aristotle's Ethics.Richard Kraut - 1975 - Philosophy Research Archives 1:300-322.
    My aim is to show how Aristotle's theory of friendship supports his thesis that happiness requires virtuous activity. Ethical behavior is valuable, according to the Nicomachean Ethics, not solely because it uses reason, but also because it is the expression of a loving attitude towards other persons. By emphasizing this aspect of virtuous activity, I defend Aristotle against the charge that his high estimation for pure intellectual activity commits him to an unethical doctrine. I also argue that his theory of (...)
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  40.  23
    Human Diversity and the Nature of Well-Being.Richard Kraut - 2013 - Res Philosophica 90 (3):307-322.
    In Welfare, Happiness, and Ethics, L. W. Sumner argues that theories of well-being must not pick out some kinds of human lives as richer in prudential valuethan others. I argue that we should reject this methodological stricture, but should embrace his insight that many kinds of lives are good for people to live. I also reject his claim that a theory of well-being would fail if it took the form of a list of things that are good for us. Nonetheless, (...)
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  41.  2
    Aristotle on the Human Good.Timothy D. Roche & Richard Kraut - 1992 - Philosophical Review 101 (3):629.
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  42.  45
    Plato.Richard Kraut - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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  43.  4
    Levels of Argument: A Comparative Study of Plato's “Republic” and Aristotle's “Nicomachean Ethics.”.Richard Kraut - 2016 - Philosophical Review 125 (3):447-450.
  44.  22
    Aristotle on Choosing Virtue for Itself.Richard Kraut - 1976 - Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 58 (3):223-239.
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  45.  37
    Plato's Apology and Crito: Two Recent Studies:Socrates: Philosophy in Plato's Early Dialogues. Gerasimos Xenophon Santas; Law and Obedience: The Arguments of Plato's Crito. A. D. Woozley. [REVIEW]Richard Kraut - 1981 - Ethics 91 (4):651-.
  46.  29
    Goodness and Justice.Richard Kraut - 2005 - Ancient Philosophy 25 (2):446-463.
  47.  23
    The Religion of Socrates.Richard Kraut - 1998 - Ancient Philosophy 18 (1):174-177.
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  48.  26
    Are There Natural Rights in Aristotle?Richard Kraut - 1996 - Review of Metaphysics 49 (4):755 - 774.
  49.  17
    Replies to Stroud, Thomson, and Crisp.Richard Kraut - 2013 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 87 (2):483-501.
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  50.  25
    Review: Plato's Apology and Crito: Two Recent Studies. [REVIEW]Richard Kraut - 1981 - Ethics 91 (4):651 - 664.
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