Results for 'Richard Mukuka'

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  1.  75
    Stakeholder perspectives on ethical challenges in hiv vaccine trials in south Africa.Zaynab Essack, Jennifer Koen, Nicola Barsdorf, Catherine Slack, Michael Quayle, Cecilia Milford, Graham Lindegger, Chitra Ranchod & Richard Mukuka - 2009 - Developing World Bioethics 10 (1):11-21.
    There is little published literature on the ethical concerns of stakeholders in HIV vaccine trials. This study explored the ethical challenges identified by various stakeholders, through an open-ended, in-depth approach. While the few previous studies have been largely quantitative, respondents in this study had the opportunity to spontaneously identify the issues that they perceived to be of priority concern in the South African context. Stakeholders spontaneously identified the following as ethical priorities: informed consent, social harms, collaborative relationships between research stakeholders, (...)
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  2. Vaulting Ambition: Sociobiology and the Quest for Human Nature.Richard M. Burian - 1989 - Journal of Philosophy 86 (7):385-391.
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  3.  44
    The Extended Mind.Richard Menary (ed.) - 2010 - Cambridge, MA, USA: MIT Press.
    Leading scholars respond to the famous proposition by Andy Clark and David Chalmers that cognition and mind are not located exclusively in the head. Where does the mind stop and the rest of the world begin? In their famous 1998 paper "The Extended Mind," philosophers Andy Clark and David J. Chalmers posed this question and answered it provocatively: cognitive processes "ain't all in the head." The environment has an active role in driving cognition; cognition is sometimes made up of neural, (...)
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  4.  19
    The Quantum Revolution in Philosophy.Richard Healey - 2017 - Oxford, GB: Oxford University Press.
    Quantum theory launched a revolution in physics. But we have yet to understand the revolution's significance for philosophy. Richard Healey opens a path to such understanding. The first part of this book offers a self-contained but opinionated introduction to quantum theory. The second part assesses the theory's philosophical significance.
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  5.  21
    Objectivity, Relativism, and Truth: Philosophical Papers.Richard Rorty - 1990 - Cambridge University Press.
    Richard Rorty's collected papers, written during the 1980s and now published in two volumes, take up some of the issues which divide Anglo-Saxon analytic philosophers and contemporary French and German philosophers and offer something of a compromise - agreeing with the latter in their criticisms of traditional notions of truth and objectivity, but disagreeing with them over the political implications they draw from dropping traditional philosophical doctrines. In this volume Rorty offers a Deweyan account of objectivity as intersubjectivity, one (...)
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  6.  14
    Law, Culture and Visual Studies.Richard K. Sherwin & Anne Wagner (eds.) - 2014 - Dordrecht: Imprint: Springer.
    The proposed volumes are aimed at a multidisciplinary audience and seek to fill the gap between law, semiotics and visuality providing a comprehensive theoretical and analytical overview of legal visual semiotics. They seek to promote an interdisciplinary debate from law, semiotics and visuality bringing together the cumulative research traditions of these related areas as a prelude to identifying fertile avenues for research going forward. Advance Praise for Law, Culture and Visual Studies This diverse and exhilarating collection of essays explores the (...)
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  7. Aristotle: political philosophy.Richard Kraut - 2004 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    This book offers a systematic overview of Aristotle's conception of well-being, virtue and justice in the Nicomachean Ethics, and then explores the major themes of Politics: civic-mindedness, slavery, family, property, the common good, class conflict, the limited wisdom of the multitude, and the radically egalitarian institutions of the ideal society.
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  8.  33
    The ancestor's tale: a pilgrimage to the dawn of evolution.Richard Dawkins - 2004 - Boston: Houghton Mifflin. Edited by Yan Wong.
    The renowned biologist and thinker Richard Dawkins presents his most expansive work yet: a comprehensive look at evolution, ranging from the latest developments in the field to his own provocative views. Loosely based on the form of Chaucer's Canterbury Tales, Dawkins's Tale takes us modern humans back through four billion years of life on our planet. As the pilgrimage progresses, we join with other organisms at the forty "rendezvous points" where we find a common ancestor. The band of pilgrims (...)
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  9.  26
    Action Production and Event Perception as Routine Sequential Behaviors.Richard P. Cooper - 2021 - Topics in Cognitive Science 13 (1):63-78.
    Topics in Cognitive Science, Volume 13, Issue 1, Page 63-78, January 2021.
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  10.  52
    The Tools of Enculturation.Richard Menary & Alexander Gillett - 2022 - Topics in Cognitive Science 14 (2):363-387.
    Topics in Cognitive Science, Volume 14, Issue 2, Page 363-387, April 2022.
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  11.  86
    Cognitive practices and cognitive character.Richard Menary - 2012 - Philosophical Explorations 15 (2):147 - 164.
    The argument of this paper is that we should think of the extension of cognitive abilities and cognitive character in integrationist terms. Cognitive abilities are extended by acquired practices of creating and manipulating information that is stored in a publicly accessible environment. I call these cognitive practices (2007). In contrast to Pritchard (2010) I argue that such processes are integrated into our cognitive characters rather than artefacts; such as notebooks. There are two routes to cognitive extension that I contrast in (...)
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  12.  32
    Leibniz on Time, Space, and Relativity.Richard Arthur - 2021 - New York, NY, United States of America: Oxford University Press.
    This book presents fresh interpretations of Gottfried Leibniz's theories of time, space, and the relativity of motion, based on a thorough examination of Leibniz's manuscripts as well as his published papers. These are analysed in historical context, but also with an eye to their contemporary relevance.
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  13.  37
    On the accuracy of group credences.Richard Pettigrew - 2016 - In Oxford Studies in Epistemology Vol.6. Oxford University Press.
  14. The Proper Theory of Quantification.Richard Montague - 1973 - In Patrick Suppes, Julius Moravcsik & Jaakko Hintikka (eds.), Approaches to Natural Language. Dordrecht.
     
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  15.  23
    How Can Evolution Learn?Richard A. Watson & Eörs Szathmáry - 2016 - Trends in Ecology and Evolution 31 (2):147--157.
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  16.  56
    Dedicated and intrinsic models of time perception.Richard B. Ivry & John E. Schlerf - 2008 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 12 (7):273-280.
  17.  38
    Who or What is the Preembryo?Richard A. McCormick - 1991 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 1 (1):1-15.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:Who or What is the Preembryo?S.J. Richard A. McCormick (bio)IntroductionAlthough widely used by scientists, the term "preembryo" has raised some suspicions. Histopathologist Michael Jarmulowicz (1990), for example, asserts that the term was adopted by the American Fertility Society (AFS) and the Voluntary Licensing Authority (VLA) in Britain "as an exercise of linguistic engineering to make human embryo research more palatable to the general public."I cannot speak for the (...)
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  18.  47
    Experience and the World’s Own Language: A Critique of John Mcdowell’s Empiricism.Richard Gaskin - 2006 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    John McDowell's "minimal empiricism" is one of the most influential and widely discussed doctrines in contemporary philosophy. Richard Gaskin subjects it to careful examination and criticism, arguing that it has unacceptable consequences, and in particular that it mistakenly rules out something we all know to be the case: that infants and non-human animals experience a world. Gaskin traces the errors in McDowell's empiricism to their source, and presents his own, still more minimal, version of empiricism, suggesting that a correct (...)
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  19. Good arguments.Richard Feldman - 1994 - In Frederick F. Schmitt (ed.), Socializing Epistemology: The Social Dimensions of Knowledge. Rowman & Littlefield. pp. 159--188.
     
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  20.  13
    Fact and Method: Explanation, Confirmation and Reality in the Natural and the Social Sciences.Richard W. Miller - 1988 - Princeton University Press.
    In this bold work, of broad scope and rich erudition, Richard Miller sets out to reorient the philosophy of science. By questioning both positivism and its leading critics, he develops new solutions to the most urgent problems about justification, explanation, and truth. Using a wealth of examples from both the natural and the social sciences, Fact and Method applies the new account of scientific reason to specific questions of method in virtually every field of inquiry, including biology, physics, history, (...)
  21.  8
    Engaging Heidegger.Richard Capobianco - 2010 - Toronto: University of Toronto Press.
    One of the most important philosophers of the twentieth century, Martin Heidegger was primarily concerned with the 'question of Being.' However, recent scholarship has tended to marginalize the importance of the name of Being in his thought. Through a focused reading of Heidegger's texts, and especially his late and often overlooked Four Seminars, Richard Capobianco counters this trend by redirecting attention to the centrality of the name of Being in Heidegger's lifetime of thought. Capobianco gives special attention to Heidegger's (...)
  22.  6
    Law, Ethics and Compromise at the Limits of Life: To Treat or Not to Treat?Richard Huxtable - 2012 - Routledge.
    This work focuses upon decisions to withhold or withdraw life-supporting treatment from incompetent patients. It offers a critical examination of the latest developments with a view to developing a new framework for resolving disputes in the clinic that is not only theoretically robust but also practically relevant.
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  23.  41
    Early Buddhist Theory of Knowledge.Richard H. Robinson - 1969 - Philosophy East and West 19 (1):69-81.
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  24.  35
    Certain very large cardinals are not created in small forcing extensions.Richard Laver - 2007 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 149 (1-3):1-6.
    The large cardinal axioms of the title assert, respectively, the existence of a nontrivial elementary embedding j:Vλ→Vλ, the existence of such a j which is moreover , and the existence of such a j which extends to an elementary j:Vλ+1→Vλ+1. It is known that these axioms are preserved in passing from a ground model to a small forcing extension. In this paper the reverse directions of these preservations are proved. Also the following is shown : if V is a model (...)
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  25.  15
    Linear-space best-first search.Richard E. Korf - 1993 - Artificial Intelligence 62 (1):41-78.
  26.  14
    Moral Conscience Through the Ages: Fifth Century Bce to the Present.Richard Sorabji - 2014 - Oxford, GB: University of Chicago Press.
    Richard Sorabji presents a unique exploration of the development of moral conscience over 2500 years, from the playwrights of classical Greece to the present. His virtuoso study of the development of pagan, Christian, and secular conceptions of conscience culminates in a consideration of the nature, value, and role of conscience today.
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  27.  29
    Certainty: A Refutation of Scepticism.Richard Foley - 1984 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 44 (4):560-565.
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  28. The Evolutionary Origin of Complex Features.Richard E. Lenski - 2003 - 423 (May):139–144.
    A long-standing challenge to evolutionary theory has been whether it can explain the origin of complex organismal features. We examined this issue using digital organisms—computer programs that self-replicate, mutate, compete and evolve. Populations of digital organisms often evolved the ability to perform complex logic functions requiring the coordinated execution of many genomic instructions. Complex functions evolved by building on simpler functions that had evolved earlier, provided that these were also selectively favoured. However, no particular intermediate stage was essential for evolving (...)
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  29. Theories of justification.Richard Fumerton - 2002 - In Paul K. Moser (ed.), The Oxford handbook of epistemology. New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 204--233.
    In “Theories of Justification,” Richard Fumerton begins an overview of several prominent positions on the nature of justification by isolating epistemic justification from nonepistemic justification. He also distinguishes between “having justification for a belief” and “having a justified belief,” arguing that the former is conceptually more fundamental. Fumerton then addresses the possibility that justification is a normative matter, suggesting that this possibility has little to offer as a concept of epistemic justification. He also critically examines more specific attempts to (...)
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  30.  40
    Instrumentalizing and Naturalizing Social Ontology: Replies to Lohse and Little.Richard Lauer - 2021 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 51 (1):24-39.
    This article addresses Simon Lohse’s and Daniel Little’s responses to my article “Is Social Ontology Prior to Social Scientific Methodology?.” In that article, I present a pragmatic and deflationary view of the priority of social ontology to social science methodology where social ontology is valued for its ability to promote empirical success and not because it yields knowledge of what furnishes the social world. First, in response to Lohse, I argue that my view is compatible with a role for ontological (...)
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  31.  68
    Zande logic and western logic.Richard C. Jennings - 1989 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 40 (2):275-285.
    In this paper I discuss logic from a naturalist point of view, characterizing it as those shared patterns of thought which are socially selected from among the various patterns of thought to which we are naturally inclined. Drawing on Evans-Pritchard's anthropology. I discuss a particular example of Zande thought. I argue that Evans-Pritchard's and Timm Triplett's analyses of this example make the mistake of applying Western logic to Zande beliefs and thus find a contradiction. I argue that from the naturalistic (...)
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  32.  19
    Speaking for Buddhas: Scriptural Commentary in Indian Buddhism.Richard F. Nance - 2011 - Columbia University Press.
    Buddhist intellectual discourse owes its development to a dynamic interplay between primary source materials and subsequent interpretation, yet scholarship on Indian Buddhism has long neglected to privilege one crucial series of texts. Commentaries on Buddhist scriptures, particularly the sutras, offer rich insights into the complex relationship between Buddhist intellectual practices and the norms that inform—and are informed by—them. Evaluating these commentaries in detail for the first time, Richard F. Nance revisits—and rewrites&mdashthe critical history of Buddhist thought, including its unique (...)
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  33.  21
    XIV*—Attitude Ascriptions, Semantic Theory, and Pragmatic Evidence.Mark Richard - 1987 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 87 (1):243-262.
    Mark Richard; XIV*—Attitude Ascriptions, Semantic Theory, and Pragmatic Evidence, Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, Volume 87, Issue 1, 1 June 1987, Page.
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  34.  17
    Value, variable, and coarse coding by posterior parietal neurons.Richard A. Andersen - 1986 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 9 (1):90-91.
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  35.  95
    Theories incomparable with respect to relative interpretability.Richard Montague - 1962 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 27 (2):195-211.
  36.  19
    Phenomenologies of the Stranger: Between Hostility and Hospitality.Richard Kearney & Kascha Semonovitch (eds.) - 2022 - Fordham University Press.
    What is strange? Or better, who is strange? When do we encounter the strange? We encounter strangers when we are not at home: when we are in a foreign land or a foreign part of our own land. From Freud to Lacan to Kristeva to Heidegger, the feeling of strangeness--das Unheimlichkeit--has marked our encounter with the other, even the other within our self. Most philosophical attempts to understand the role of the Stranger, human or transcendent, have been limited to standard (...)
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  37. Political realism: Introduction.Richard North - 2010 - European Journal of Political Theory 9 (4):381-384.
    Balancing practical and theoretical knowledge,Political Scienceis a comprehensive and jargon-free introduction to the fieldrs"s basic concepts and themes. This bestselling brief text uses diverse real-world examples to show students the value of avoiding simplifications in politics, the relevance of government, and the importance of participation. Written from Mike Roskinrs"s unique and engaging point-of-view,Political Scienceremains the best at providing the clear explanations, practical applications, and current examples that will welcome students to a vital field of study.
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  38.  31
    Cheaters Should Never Win: Eliminating the Benefits of Cheating.Richard J. Fendler & Jonathan M. Godbey - 2016 - Journal of Academic Ethics 14 (1):71-85.
    Numerous academic studies and reports indicate that as many as half of all students cheat on exams. Cheating on exams undermines the central purpose of a university, corrupts the meaning of grades as a measure of subject matter mastery, and significantly harms honest students. Although instructors are aware that many students cheat and they clearly oppose the behavior, they do little to punish cheaters. Accusing, prosecuting and convicting cheaters are time intensive, stressful and potentially costly activities for which faculty members (...)
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  39.  3
    Von Kant bis Hegel.Richard Kroner - 1921 - Tübingen,: Mohr.
  40.  40
    Aristotle's philosopher-God.Richard Norman - 1969 - Phronesis 14 (1):63-74.
  41. Against Freedom of Conscience.Richard J. Arneson - unknown
    Is there a moral right to freedom of conscience? Should a legal right to freedom of conscience be established in each country on Earth? This essay argues for negative answers to both questions. The term freedom of conscience might refer to freedom of thought and the freedom of expression that sustains freedom of thought. In this sense we might affirm the right of each person to form individual opinions about the right and the good, about what we owe one another (...)
     
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  42. Puppeteers, hypnotists, and neurosurgeons.Richard Double - 1989 - Philosophical Studies 56 (June):163-73.
    The objection to R-S accounts that was raised by the possibility of external agents requires the acceptance of two premises, viz., that all R-S accounts allow for puppeteers and that puppeteers necessarily make us unfree. The Metaphilosophical reply shows that to the extent that puppeteers are more problematic than determinism per se, pup-peteers may be explicitly excluded since they violate our paradigm of free will. The Metaphilosophical reply also suggests that we should not expect our mature R-S account to supply (...)
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  43.  7
    Searching for an optimal path in a tree with random costs.Richard M. Karp & Judea Pearl - 1983 - Artificial Intelligence 21 (1-2):99-116.
  44. Names, Forms and Conventionalism: Cratylus, 383-395.Richard J. Ketchum - 1979 - Phronesis 24 (2):133-147.
  45.  44
    Genetic epistemology, equilibration and the rationality of scientific change.Richard F. Kitchener - 1987 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 18 (3):339-366.
  46.  19
    The authorship of Sister Peg revisited: a reply to David Raynor’s response to ‘Let Margaret Sleep’.Richard B. Sher - 2023 - History of European Ideas 49 (2):384-394.
    In ‘The Authorship of Sister Peg', David Raynor relies on circumstantial evidence, unsubstantiated hypotheses, and subjective analysis in an effort to dispute my article ‘Let Margaret Sleep' and claim the authorship of Sister Peg for David Hume. This reply focusses instead on the large body of documentary and testimonial evidence that has surfaced during the past forty years, which overwhelmingly and convincingly supports the attribution of Sister Peg to Adam Ferguson. New documentary evidence includes Ferguson's emendations in Sir Walter Scott's (...)
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  47.  26
    Jacques Lacan and the Philosophy of Psychoanalysis.Richard Feldstein & Ellie Ragland-Sullivan - 1987 - Substance 16 (3):88.
  48.  8
    Sextus Empiricus: Against the Physicists.Richard Bett - 2012 - Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Edited by Richard Arnot Home Bett.
    Sextus Empiricus' Against the Physicists examines numerous topics central to ancient Greek inquiries into the nature of the physical world, covering subjects such as god, cause and effect, whole and part, bodies, place, motion, time, number, coming into being and perishing and is the most extensive surviving treatment of these topics by an ancient Greek sceptic. Sextus scrutinizes the theories of non-sceptical thinkers and generates suspension of judgement through the assembly of equally powerful opposing arguments. Richard Bett's edition provides (...)
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  49.  43
    Final causes in Adam Smith's.Richard A. Kleer - 1995 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 33 (2):275-300.
  50.  17
    Fanaticism: A Political Philosophical History.Richard Avramenko - 2023 - The European Legacy 28 (3):368-372.
    Watching Quentin Tarantino films is uncomfortable. They are mostly known for the all-too-real depictions of violence. The poster for his early film, Reservoir Dogs, has the main characters, all gan...
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