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Richard Otte [30]Richard Edward Otte [1]Richard E. Otte [1]
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Richard Otte
University of California, Santa Cruz
  1.  70
    Transworld Depravity and Unobtainable Worlds.Richard Otte - 2009 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 78 (1):165-177.
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  2. Indeterminism, Counterfactuals, and Causation.Richard Otte - 1987 - Philosophy of Science 54 (1):45-62.
    In this paper I wish to argue that counterfactual analyses of causation are inadequate. I believe the counterfactuals that are involved in counterfactual analyses of causation are often false, and thus the theories do not provide an adequate account of causation. This is demonstrated by the presentation of a counterexample to the counterfactual analyses of causation. I then present a unified theory of causation that is based upon probability and counterfactuals. This theory accounts for both deterministic and indeterministic causation, and (...)
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  3.  48
    Probabilistic Causality and Simpson's Paradox.Richard Otte - 1985 - Philosophy of Science 52 (1):110-125.
    This paper discusses Simpson's paradox and the problem of positive relevance in probabilistic causality. It is argued that Cartwright's solution to Simpson's paradox fails because it ignores one crucial form of the paradox. After clarifying different forms of the paradox, it is shown that any adequate solution to the paradox must allow a cause to be both a negative cause and a positive cause of..
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  4.  46
    A Critique of Suppes' Theory of Probabilistic Causality.Richard Otte - 1981 - Synthese 48 (2):167 - 189.
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  5. Evidential Arguments From Evil.Richard Otte - 2000 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 48 (1):1-10.
    Recent discussion of the problem of evil has centered around what is known as the probabilistic or evidential argument from evil. According to this argument the evil in our world is evidence against the existence of God, even though evil is logically consistent with God’s existing. Based on this it is claimed it is irrational to believe one of the traditional theistic religions, unless there is overwhelming positive evidence to counter this negative evidence. One of the most important and widely (...)
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  6.  74
    Scientific Realism, Perceptual Beliefs, and Justification.Richard Otte - 1990 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1990:393 - 404.
    This paper investigates the justification of certain beliefs central to scientific realism. Some have claimed that the underdetermination of a theory by empirical evidence implies that belief in the truth of the theory and in the existence of the corresponding unobservable entities is unjustified. It is argued that the justification of certain realist beliefs is similar to the justification of our perceptual beliefs. Neither are justified by argument from more basic beliefs, and their underdetermination by the evidence does not affect (...)
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  7.  93
    Mackie's Treatment of Miracles.Richard Otte - 1996 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 39 (3):151-158.
    A recent discussion of Hume’s argument concerning the rationality of accepting a belief that a miracle has occurred is given by J. L. Mackie in The Miracle of Theism. Mackie believes that Hume’s argument is essentially correct, although he attempts to clarify and strengthen it. Any version of Hume’s argument depends upon one’s conception of miracles and laws of nature; I will argue that Mackie commits a simple logical error and that given his conception of laws of nature and miracles (...)
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  8.  26
    Schlesinger and Miracles.Richard Otte - 1993 - Faith and Philosophy 10 (1):93-98.
    George Schlesinger has recently presented a reply to Hume’s argument concerning miracles. Schlesinger argues that probability theory and some simple assumptions about miracles show that testimony for a miracle increases the probability of God existing; furthermore this testimony can raise the probability of God existing enough that it is rational to believe that God exists. I argue that one of the assumptions that Schlesinger makes is false, and that the justification Schlesinger gives for it does not succeed. Thus I claim (...)
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  9.  68
    Rowe's Probabilistic Argument From Evil.Richard Otte - 2002 - Faith and Philosophy 19 (2):147-171.
    In this article I investigate Rowe's recent probabilistic argument from evil. By using muddy Venn diagrams to present his argument, we see that although his argument is fallacious, it can be modified in a way that strengthens it considerably. I then discuss the recent exchange between Rowe and Plantinga over this argument. Although Rowe's argument is not an argument from degenerate evidence as Plantinga claimed, it is problematic because it is an argument from partitioned evidence. I conclude by discussing the (...)
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  10. Review of Fogelin, A Defense of Hume on Miracles. [REVIEW]Richard Otte - 2004 - Hume Studies 30 (1):165-68.
    With A Defense of Hume on Miracles Robert Fogelin enters the recent discussion on Hume’s treatment of miracles. In this short book Fogelin begins by presenting his interpretation of Hume’s argument concerning miracles. The second chapter is a lengthy treatment of recent work by David Johnson and John Earman, and the third short chapter is a discussion of the relation of Hume’s view on miracles to his broader philosophy. There are also two appendices and the text of “Of Miracles.”.
     
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  11.  35
    A Theistic Conception of Probability.Richard Otte - 1987 - Faith and Philosophy 4 (4):427-447.
    Although the doctrines of theism are rich enough to support a distinctively theistic conception of probability, historically there has been little discussion of probability from a theistic perspective. In this article I investigate how a theist might view epistemic probability. A unique conception of probability naturally follows from ideas central to theism, and it is argued that this conception of probability avoids many problems associated with other interpretations of probability.
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  12.  13
    Passionate Reason: Kierkegaard and Plantinga on Radical Conversion.Richard Otte - 2014 - Faith and Philosophy 31 (2):160-180.
    It is reasonable to take Kierkegaard and Plantinga as presenting very different approaches to the rationality of adopting religious beliefs. Kierkegaard says Christian doctrines are absurd, and Plantinga argues that the existence of God is part of the deliverances of reason. I argue that in spite of these apparent differences, Kierkegaard and Plantinga agree on some foundational epistemological issues. I begin by exploring the topic of radical conversion, as discussed by van Fraassen. I use the notion of radical conversion as (...)
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  13.  31
    Comparative Confirmation and the Problem of Evil.Richard Otte - 2012 - In Jake Chandler Victoria S. Harrison (ed.), Probability in the Philosophy of Religion. Oxford University Press. pp. 127.
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  14.  40
    A Defense of Middle Knowledge.Richard Otte - 1987 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 21 (3):161 - 169.
    tionals, which means that he knows what actions would be necessary for him to perform in order to bring about a certain outcome. Because he is omnipotent, he can do whatever action is necessary to bring about a certain outcome that he desires. His benevolence implies that he will want to actualize the best possible world, or at least a world containing no evil. Given this scenario it is argued..
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  15.  41
    Modality as a Metalinguistic Predicate.Richard Otte - 1982 - Philosophical Studies 41 (2):153 - 159.
    Philosophers generally use the idea of necessity in two ways. One way of looking at necessity is to construe it as a sentential operator. Necessity would operate on sentences in much the same way that the sentential operator of..
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  16.  55
    A Solution to a Problem for Bayesian Confirmation Theory.Richard Otte - 1994 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 45 (2):764-769.
    Charles Chihara has presented a problem he claims Bayesian confirmation theory cannot handle. Chihara gives examples in which he claims the change in belief cannot be construced as conditionalizing on new evidence. These are situations in which the agent suddenly thinks of new possibilities. I propose a solution that incorporates the important ideas of Bayesian theory. In particular, I present a principle which shows that the change of belief in Chihara's example is due to simple conditionalization.
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  17.  38
    A Defense of Hume on Miracles.Richard Otte - 2005 - Hume Studies 31 (1):165-168.
    In The Miracle of Theism Mackie attempts to defend Hume's argument concerning the rationality of accepting a miracle on the basis of testimony. He does this by first offering a precise account of what miracles and laws of nature are, and then by claiming that this implies that any evidence for a law of nature is also evidence against the miracle occurring. I argue that Mackie has committed a simple logical fallacy. Given Mackie's account of miracles and laws of nature, (...)
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  18.  23
    Passionate Reason.Richard Otte - 2014 - Faith and Philosophy 31 (2):160-180.
    It is reasonable to take Kierkegaard and Plantinga as presenting very different approaches to the rationality of adopting religious beliefs. Kierkegaard says Christian doctrines are absurd, and Plantinga argues that the existence of God is part of the deliverances of reason. I argue that in spite of these apparent differences, Kierkegaard and Plantinga agree on some foundational epistemological issues. I begin by exploring the topic of radical conversion, as discussed by van Fraassen. I use the notion of radical conversion as (...)
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  19.  29
    Philosophy of Physics.Richard Otte - 1993 - Teaching Philosophy 16 (3):259-260.
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  20.  17
    Critical Review: Brian Skyrms, Causal Necessity. [REVIEW]Richard Otte - 1983 - Philosophical Studies 44 (3):425 - 433.
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  21.  32
    Review of Richard Swinburne, The Resurrection of God Incarnate[REVIEW]Richard Otte - 2003 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2003 (9).
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  22.  21
    Subjective Probability, Objective Probability, and Coherence.Richard Otte - 1987 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 25 (3):373-380.
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  23.  10
    Robert J. Fogelin. A Defense of Hume on Miracles.Richard Otte - 2005 - Hume Studies 31 (1):165-168.
  24.  3
    Transworld Depravity and Unobtainable Worlds.Richard Otte - 2009 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 78 (1):165-177.
    Alvin Plantinga's free will defense is based on the idea of transworld depravity. Plantinga claims that if every essence suffers from transworld depravity, then it is not possible for God to actualize a world in which there is moral good but no moral evil. I describe possible worlds that imply it is impossible for every essence to suffer from transworld depravity. I then show how to modify the concept of transworld depravity to avoid this problem, and formulate an alternative free (...)
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  25.  10
    How to Commit the Gambler's Fallacy and Get Away with It.Davis Baird & Richard E. Otte - 1982 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1982:169 - 180.
    In a recent article Ian Hacking argues that there can be cases where no probabilities may correctly be ascribed to individual members of a population, while probabilities are correctly ascribable to the population as a whole. In this paper a simple artificial coin-flipping model for such probabilities, not 'grounded from below' is constructed. The inferences licensed by this model and a consequence of the model for the theory of statistical tests is explored.
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  26.  10
    Critical Discussion: McCall and Counterfactuals.Richard Otte - 1987 - Noûs 21 (3):421-425.
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  27.  2
    Subjective Probability, Objective Probability, and Coherence.Richard Otte - 1987 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 25 (3):373-380.
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  28. John Earman, Ed., Testing Scientific Theories Reviewed By.Richard Otte - 1985 - Philosophy in Review 5 (4):161-163.
     
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  29.  5
    Reichenbach, Causation, and Explanation.Richard Otte - 1986 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1986:59 - 65.
    This paper investigates the differences between two conceptions of causation which are claimed to amount for causation in indeterministic situations. Recent analyses of indeterministic causation have been based upon mark transmission, and upon probability relations. Both types of analyses were proposed by Reichenbach, who claimed that they were extensionally equivalent. I demonstrate that they are not equivalent, and discuss some implications of this for models of scientific explanation.
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  30.  1
    Review: Critical Review: Brian Skyrms, "Causal Necessity". [REVIEW]Richard Otte - 1983 - Philosophical Studies 44 (3):425 - 433.
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  31. John Earman, Ed., Testing Scientific Theories. [REVIEW]Richard Otte - 1985 - Philosophy in Review 5:161-163.
     
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