10 found
Order:
  1.  50
    Universal Darwinism and Evolutionary Social Science.Richard R. Nelson - 2007 - Biology and Philosophy 22 (1):73-94.
    Save for Anthropologists, few social scientists have been among the participants in the discussions about the appropriate structure of a ‘Universal Darwinism’. Yet evolutionary theorizing about cultural, social, and economic phenomena has a long tradition, going back well before Darwin. And over the past quarter century significant literatures have grown up concerned with the processes of change operating on science, technology, business organization and practice, and economic change more broadly, that are explicitly evolutionary in theoretical orientation. In each of these (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  2.  13
    Sensory Measurements: Coordination and Standardization.Isabella Sarto-Jackson & Richard R. Nelson - 2015 - Biological Theory 10 (3):200-211.
    Do sensory measurements deserve the label of “measurement”? We argue that they do. They fit with an epistemological view of measurement held in current philosophy of science, and they face the same kinds of epistemological challenges as physical measurements do: the problem of coordination and the problem of standardization. These problems are addressed through the process of “epistemic iteration,” for all measurements. We also argue for distinguishing the problem of standardization from the problem of coordination. To exemplify our claims, we (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  3.  13
    Human Behavior and Cognition in Evolutionary Economics.Richard R. Nelson - 2011 - Biological Theory 6 (4):293-300.
    My brand of evolutionary economics recognizes, highlights, that modern economies are always in the process of changing, never fully at rest, with much of the energy coming from innovation. This perspective obviously draws a lot from Schumpeter. Continuing innovation, and the creative destruction that innovation engenders, is driving the system. There are winners and losers in the process, but generally the changes can be regarded as progress. The processes through which economic activity and performance evolve has a lot in common (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  4.  16
    On Quantity and Quality in Human Knowledge.Isabella Sarto-Jackson & Richard R. Nelson - 2015 - Biological Theory 10 (3):273-280.
    Any discipline of human knowledge is characterized by three fundamental elements: the complexity of its content, the method used for its elaboration, and the language used for its expression. This article argues that any method for making knowledge is a particular combination of three main components that we can call science, art, and revelation. The right combination depends on the complexity of the slice of reality that we wish to understand in each case. Is there a relationship between the quantity (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  5.  6
    “World Leadership”, the “Technological Gap” and National Science Policy.Richard R. Nelson - 1971 - Minerva 9 (3):386-399.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  6.  11
    Erratum To: Three Kinds of Constructionism: The Role of Metaphor in the Debate Over Niche Constructionism.Isabella Sarto-Jackson & Richard R. Nelson - 2015 - Biological Theory 10 (3):281-281.
  7.  10
    Overcoming the Limits of Quantification by Visualization.Isabella Sarto-Jackson & Richard R. Nelson - 2015 - Biological Theory 10 (3):253-262.
    Biological sciences have strived to adopt the conceptual framework of physics and have become increasingly quantitatively oriented, aiming to refute the assertion that biology appears unquantifiable, unpredictable, and messy. But despite all effort, biology is characterized by a paucity of quantitative statements with universal applications. Nonetheless, many biological disciplines—most notably molecular biology—have experienced an ascendancy over the last 50 years. The underlying core concepts and ideas permeate and inform many neighboring disciplines. This surprising success is probably not so much attributable (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  8.  8
    Numbers and Math Are Nice, But….Isabella Sarto-Jackson & Richard R. Nelson - 2015 - Biological Theory 10 (3):246-252.
    Without doubt, good numbers that characterize sharply and completely the phenomena being studied, and precise explanation of these phenomena that can be expressed mathematically, are tremendous advantages for a field of science. But not all fields of science are lucky enough to be able to achieve these features. And when they are not, nonetheless to force the phenomena studied to be characterized largely with numbers and the causal mechanisms to be described mathematically can court seriously limiting and distorting the field (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  9.  8
    Quality & Quantity: Limits of Quantification in the Sciences.Isabella Sarto-Jackson & Richard R. Nelson - 2015 - Biological Theory 10 (3):183-187.
  10.  6
    A Plea for “Shmeasurement” in the Social Sciences.Isabella Sarto-Jackson & Richard R. Nelson - 2015 - Biological Theory 10 (3):237-245.
    Suspicion of “physics envy” surrounds the standard statistical toolbox used in the empirical sciences, from biology to psychology. Mainstream methods in these fields, various lines of criticism point out, often fall short of the basic requirements of measurement. Quantitative scales are applied to variables that can hardly be treated as measurable magnitudes, like preferences or happiness; hypotheses are tested by comparing data with conventional significance thresholds that hardly mention effect sizes. This article discusses what I call “shmeasurement.” To “shmeasure” is (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark