18 found
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  1.  41
    Ritual, Emotion, and Sacred Symbols.Candace S. Alcorta & Richard Sosis - 2005 - Human Nature 16 (4):323-359.
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  2.  4
    Why Aren't We All Hutterites?Richard Sosis - 2003 - Human Nature 14 (2):91-127.
    In this paper I explore the psychology of ritual performance and present a simple graphical model that clarifies several issues in William Irons’s theory of religion as a “hard-to-fake” sign of commitment. Irons posits that religious behaviors or rituals serve as costly signals of an individual’s commitment to a religious group. Increased commitment among members of a religious group may facilitate intra-group cooperation, which is argued to be the primary adaptive benefit of religion. Here I propose a proximate explanation for (...)
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  3.  61
    What Does God Know? Supernatural Agents' Access to Socially Strategic and Non-Strategic Information.Benjamin G. Purzycki, Daniel N. Finkel, John Shaver, Nathan Wales, Adam B. Cohen & Richard Sosis - 2012 - Cognitive Science 36 (5):846-869.
    Current evolutionary and cognitive theories of religion posit that supernatural agent concepts emerge from cognitive systems such as theory of mind and social cognition. Some argue that these concepts evolved to maintain social order by minimizing antisocial behavior. If these theories are correct, then people should process information about supernatural agents’ socially strategic knowledge more quickly than non-strategic knowledge. Furthermore, agents’ knowledge of immoral and uncooperative social behaviors should be especially accessible to people. To examine these hypotheses, we measured response-times (...)
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  4. De Ce Nu Suntem Cu Toţii Huteriţi? Teoria Semnalului Costisitor Şi Comportamentul Religios.Richard Sosis - 2003 - Human Nature 14 (2):91-127.
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  5.  2
    Moral Intuitions and the Religious System: An Adaptationist Account.Jordan Kiper & Richard Sosis - 2014 - Philosophy, Theology and the Sciences 1 (2):172-199.
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  6.  3
    Bargaining Theory and Cooperative Fishing Participation on Ifaluk Atoll.Richard Sosis, Sharon Feldstein & Kim Hill - 1998 - Human Nature 9 (2):163-203.
    In this paper we examine the merit of bargaining theory, in its economic and ecological forms, as a model for understanding variation in the frequency of participation in cooperative fishing among men of Ifaluk atoll in Micronesia. Two determinants of bargaining power are considered: resource control and a bargainer’s utility gain for his expected share of the negotiated resource. Several hypotheses which relte cultural and life-course parameters to bargaining power are tested against data on the frequency of cooperative sail-fishing participation. (...)
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  7.  38
    Is Religion Adaptive?Richard Sosis & Candace Alcorta - 2004 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (6):749-750.
    We argue that religious ritual's ability to facilitate communication and the pervasiveness of its basic characteristics across societies, as well as its precedence in other social species, suggests that religious behavior is more than a mere by-product. Religious constructs constitute associationally conditioned mnemonics that trigger neuroendocrine responses which motivate religious behaviors. The adaptive value of these constructs resides in their utility as memorable and emotionally evocative primes.
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  8.  5
    Examining the Relationship Between Life Expectancy, Reproduction, and Educational Attainment.Nicola L. Bulled & Richard Sosis - 2010 - Human Nature 21 (3):269-289.
    Life history theory aims to explain the relationship between life events, recognizing that the fertility and growth schedules of organisms are dependent on environmental conditions and an organism’s ability to extract resources from its environment. Using models from life history theory, we predict life expectancy to be positively correlated with educational investments and negatively correlated with adolescent reproduction and total fertility rates. Analyses of UN data from 193 countries support these predictions and demonstrate that, although variation is evident across world (...)
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  9.  27
    Ritual Harmony: Toward an Evolutionary Theory of Music.Candace S. Alcorta, Richard Sosis & Daniel Finkel - 2008 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 31 (5):576-577.
    Juslin & Vll (J&V) advance our understanding of the proximate mechanisms underlying emotional responses to music, but fail to integrate their findings into a comprehensive evolutionary model that addresses the adaptive functions of these responses. Here we offer such a model by examining the ontogenetic relationship between music, ritual, and symbolic abstraction and their role in facilitating social coordination and cooperation.
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  10. The Socio-Religious Brain: A Developmental Model.Daniel N. Finkel, Paul Swartwout & Richard Sosis - 2010 - In Social Brain, Distributed Mind. pp. 283.
  11.  5
    Form and Function in Religious Signaling Under Pathogen Stress.Paul Swartwout, Benjamin Grant Purzycki & Richard Sosis - 2012 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 35 (2):92-93.
    The evolution of religious traditions may be partially explained by out-group avoidance due to pathogen stress. However, many religious rituals may increase rather than decrease performers' susceptibility to infection. Moreover, religions often spread through proselytizing, which requires out-group interaction; and in other cases, the benefits of economic exchange increase religious pluralism and social interactions with out-groups.
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  12.  4
    How Does Male Ritual Behavior Vary Across the Lifespan?John H. Shaver & Richard Sosis - 2014 - Human Nature 25 (1):136-160.
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  13.  4
    Sharing, Consumption, and Patch Choice on Ifaluk Atoll.Richard Sosis - 2001 - Human Nature 12 (3):221-245.
    Anthropological tests of patch choice models from optimal foraging theory have primarily employed acquisition rates as the currency of the model. Where foragers share their returns, acquisition rates may not be similar to consumption rates and thus may not be an appropriate currency to use when modeling foraging decisions. Indeed, on Ifaluk Atoll the distribution patterns of fish vary by fishing method and location. Previous analyses of Ifaluk patch choice decisions suggested that if Ifaluk fishers are trying to maximize their (...)
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  14.  7
    Insights From Ifaluk: Food Sharing Among Cooperative Fishers.Richard Sosis - 2004 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (4):568-569.
    The fish-sharing patterns on Ifaluk Atoll underscore several limitations of the explanations of food sharing offered by Gurven and suggest that non-foraging labor activities may provide insights into reciprocity and punishment relevant for understanding food-sharing patterns. I also argue that future food-sharing studies should focus on signaling rather than resource holding potential (RHP).
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  15.  3
    Why Religion is Better Conceived as a Complex System Than a Norm-Enforcing Institution.Richard Sosis & Jordan Kiper - 2014 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 37 (3):275-276.
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  16.  2
    Ideology as Cooperative Affordance.Joseph Bulbulia & Richard Sosis - 2009 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 32 (6):515-516.
    McKay & Dennett (M&D) observe that beliefs need not be true in order to evolve. We connect this insight with Schelling's work on cooperative commitment to suggest that some beliefs are best approached as social goals. We explain why a social-interactive perspective is important to explaining the dynamics of belief formation and revision among situated partners.
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  17. Religion, Emotion, and Symbolic Ritual: The Evolution of an Adaptive Complex.Candace Alcorta & Richard Sosis - 2005 - Human Nature 16:323-359.
     
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  18. Breaking the Wrong Spell.Richard Sosis - forthcoming - Free Inquiry.
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