Results for 'Richard W. Weyhrauch'

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  1. Prolegomena to a Theory of Mechanized Formal Reasoning.Richard W. Weyhrauch - 1980 - Artificial Intelligence 13 (1-2):133-170.
  2.  36
    Using Abstract Resources to Control Reasoning.Richard W. Weyhrauch, Marco Cadoli & Carolyn L. Talcott - 1998 - Journal of Logic, Language and Information 7 (1):77-101.
    Many formalisms for reasoning about knowing commit an agent to be logically omniscient. Logical omniscience is an unrealistic principle for us to use to build a real-world agent, since it commits the agent to knowing infinitely many things. A number of formalizations of knowledge have been developed that do not ascribe logical omniscience to agents. With few exceptions, these approaches are modifications of the possible-worlds semantics. In this paper we use a combination of several general techniques for building non-omniscient reasoners. (...)
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  3.  20
    Democracy and Class Dictatorship: RICHARD W. MILLER.Richard W. Miller - 1986 - Social Philosophy and Policy 3 (2):59-76.
    Clearly, Marx thought he was promoting democratic values. In the Manifesto, the immediate goal of socialism is summed up as “to win the battle of democracy.” Marx sees the reduction of individuality as one of the greatest injuries done by a system in which most people buy and sell their labor power on terms over which they have little control. As they supervised translations and re-issues of the Manifesto, Marx and Engels singled out just one point as a major topic (...)
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  4.  16
    Selected Opinions of Judge Richard W. Wallach.Richard W. Wallach - 2000 - Cardozo Studies in Law and Literature 12 (2):219-242.
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  5. Machiavellian Intelligence: Social Expertise and the Evolution of Intellect in Monkeys, Apes, and Humans.Richard W. Byrne & Andrew Whiten (eds.) - 1988 - Oxford University Press.
    This book presents an alternative to conventional ideas about the evolution of the human intellect.
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  6. Public Life and Public Lives: Politics and Religion in Modern British History: Essays in Honour of Richard W. Davis.Nancy LoPatin-Lummis & Richard W. Davis (eds.) - 2008 - Wiley-Blackwell for the Parliamentary History Yearbook Trust.
    Contains fourteen essays and an introduction addressing the main areas of scholarly interest for Richard W. Davis, Professor Emeritus, Washington University, St Louis Questions how individuals envision the public good in modern Britain and how, through religious and moral beliefs, coupled with wisdom and political savvy, they can improve the public good through the ever-changing nineteenth century political institutions Essays range from studies of local electoral politics and parliamentary reform campaign to national political party organization, high politics and the (...)
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  7.  14
    Moral Philosophers and Moral Advisers.Richard W. Eggerman - 1979 - Metaphilosophy 10 (2):161–168.
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  8.  86
    Fact and Method: Explanation, Confirmation and Reality in the Natural and the Social Sciences.Richard W. Miller - 1987 - Princeton University Press.
  9.  26
    Rosemary Horrox and P. W. Hammond, Eds., British Library Harleian Manuscript 433, 1: Register of Grants for the Reigns of Edward V and Richard III. Gloucester: Allan Sutton, 1979. Pp. Xlvii, 289. £25. [REVIEW]Richard W. Kaeuper - 1981 - Speculum 56 (2):453-454.
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  10.  4
    The Thinking Ape: Evolutionary Origins of Intelligence.Richard W. Byrne - 1995 - Oxford University Press UK.
    "Intelligence" has long been considered to be a feature unique to human beings, giving us the capacity to imagine, to think, to deceive, to make complex connections between cause and effect, to devise elaborate stategies for solving problems. However, like all our other features, intelligence is a product of evolutionary change. Until recently, it was difficult to obtain evidence of this process from the frail testimony of a few bones and stone tools. It has become clear in the last 15 (...)
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  11.  22
    Knowledge and Human Interests.Richard W. Miller - 1975 - Philosophical Review 84 (2):261.
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  12.  44
    Intergroup Aggression in Chimpanzees and War in Nomadic Hunter-Gatherers.Richard W. Wrangham & Luke Glowacki - 2012 - Human Nature 23 (1):5-29.
    Chimpanzee and hunter-gatherer intergroup aggression differ in important ways, including humans having the ability to form peaceful relationships and alliances among groups. This paper nevertheless evaluates the hypothesis that intergroup aggression evolved according to the same functional principles in the two species—selection favoring a tendency to kill members of neighboring groups when killing could be carried out safely. According to this idea chimpanzees and humans are equally risk-averse when fighting. When self-sacrificial war practices are found in humans, therefore, they result (...)
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  13.  4
    Hypotheses for the Evolution of Reduced Reactive Aggression in the Context of Human Self-Domestication.Richard W. Wrangham - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  14. Patterns of Behavior: Konrad Lorenz, Niko Tinbergen, and the Founding of Ethology.Richard W. Burkhardt & Hans Kruuk - 2007 - Journal of the History of Biology 40 (3):565-575.
     
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  15. Cosmopolitan Respect and Patriotic Concern.Richard W. Miller - 1998 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 27 (3):202-224.
    The JSTOR Archive is a trusted digital repository providing for long-term preservation and access to leading academic journals and scholarly literature from around the world. The Archive is supported by libraries, scholarly societies, publishers, and foundations. It is an initiative of JSTOR, a not-for-profit organization with a mission to help the scholarly community take advantage of advances in technology. For more information regarding JSTOR, please contact [email protected]
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  16.  50
    Learning by Imitation: A Hierarchical Approach.Richard W. Byrne & Anne E. Russon - 1998 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (5):667-684.
    To explain social learning without invoking the cognitively complex concept of imitation, many learning mechanisms have been proposed. Borrowing an idea used routinely in cognitive psychology, we argue that most of these alternatives can be subsumed under a single process, priming, in which input increases the activation of stored internal representations. Imitation itself has generally been seen as a This has diverted much research towards the all-or-none question of whether an animal can imitate, with disappointingly inconclusive results. In the great (...)
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  17. Beneficence, Duty and Distance.Richard W. Miller - 2004 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 32 (4):357-383.
    According to Peter Singer, virtually all of us would be forced by adequate reflection on our own convictions to embrace a radical conclusion about giving. The following principle, he says, is “surely undeniable” -- at least once we reflect on secure convictions concerning rescue, as in his famous case of the drowning toddler.
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  18. The Spirit of System: Lamarck and Evolutionary Biology.Richard W. Burkhardt - 1979 - Journal of the History of Biology 12 (1):203-204.
     
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  19.  1
    Moral Differences: Truth, Justice, and Conscience in a World of Conflict.Richard W. Miller - 1992 - Princeton University Press.
    In a wide-ranging inquiry Richard W. Miller provides new resources for coping with the most troubling types of moral conflict: disagreements in moral conviction, conflicting interests, and the tension between conscience and desires. Drawing on most fields in philosophy and the social sciences, including his previous work in the philosophy of science, he presents an account of our access to moral truth, and, within this framework, develops a theory of justice and an assessment of the role of morality in (...)
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  20.  13
    Fact and Method.Richard W. Miller - 1991 - Journal of Philosophy 88 (3):159-162.
  21.  45
    The NESS Account of Natural Causation: A Response to Criticisms.Richard W. Wright - 2013 - In Markus Stepanians & Benedikt Kahmen (eds.), Critical Essays on "Causation and Responsibility". De Gruyter. pp. 13-66.
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  22.  36
    Moral Differences: Truth, Justice, and Conscience in a World of Conflict.Richard W. Miller - 1992 - Princeton University Press.
    In a wide-ranging inquiry Richard W. Miller provides new resources for coping with the most troubling types of moral conflict: disagreements in moral conviction, conflicting interests, and the tension between conscience and desires. Drawing on most fields in philosophy and the social sciences, including his previous work in the philosophy of science, he presents an account of our access to moral truth, and, within this framework, develops a theory of justice and an assessment of the role of morality in (...)
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  23.  44
    Richard W. Bulliet: Cotton, Climate and Camels in Early Islamic Iran: A Moment in World History. [REVIEW]Richard Foltz - 2010 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 23 (3):313-314.
  24.  17
    Semantic Search During Divergent Thinking.Richard W. Hass - 2017 - Cognition 166:344-357.
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  25. Do the Guilty Deserve Punishment?Richard W. Burgh - 1982 - Journal of Philosophy 79 (4):193-210.
  26.  66
    Ethology, Natural History, the Life Sciences, and the Problem of Place.Richard W. Burkhardt - 1999 - Journal of the History of Biology 32 (3):489 - 508.
    Investigators of animal behavior since the eighteenth century have sought to make their work integral to the enterprises of natural history and/or the life sciences. In their efforts to do so, they have frequently based their claims of authority on the advantages offered by the special places where they have conducted their research. The zoo, the laboratory, and the field have been major settings for animal behavior studies. The issue of the relative advantages of these different sites has been a (...)
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  27.  12
    Perception, Sensation and Verification.Richard W. Miller - 1974 - Philosophical Review 83 (3):403.
  28.  13
    JL Bolton, Ed., The Alien Communities of London in the Fifteenth Century: The Subsidy Rolls of 1440 and 1483–4. Stamford, Eng.: Paul Watkins, for the Richard III and Yorkist History Trust, 1998. Pp. Xiii, 189; Tables and 3 Maps.£ 25.Richard W. Unger - 2001 - Speculum 76 (4):1004-1005.
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  29.  67
    Analyzing Marx: Morality, Power, and History.Richard W. Miller - 1984 - Princeton University Press.
    In this book Marx is revealed as a powerful contributor to the debates that now dominate philosophy and political theory.
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  30.  61
    Methodological Individualism and Social Explanation.Richard W. Miller - 1978 - Philosophy of Science 45 (3):387-414.
    Past criticisms to the contrary, methodological individualism in the social sciences is neither trivial nor obviously false. In the style of Weber's sociology, it restricts the ultimate explanatory repertoire of social science to agents' reasons for action. Although this restriction is not obviously false, it ought not to be accepted, at present, as a regulative principle. It excludes, as too far-fetched to merit investigation, certain hypotheses concerning the influence of objective interests on large-scale social phenomena. And these hypotheses, in fact, (...)
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  31.  15
    On the Dependability and Feasibility of Layperson Ratings of Divergent Thinking.Richard W. Hass, Marisa Rivera & Paul J. Silvia - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
  32. Ways of Moral Learning.Richard W. Miller - 1985 - Philosophical Review 94 (4):507-556.
  33. Descartes on the Material Falsity of Ideas.Richard W. Field - 1993 - Philosophical Review 102 (3):309-333.
    Descartes claims in the Third Meditation that ideas of sense might be materially false. While an accurate interpretation of this claim has the potential of providing some valuable insights into Descartes's theory of ideas in general and his understanding of the epistemic status of sensations in particular, the explanation Descartes provides of the material falsity of ideas is itself obscure and misleading, making accurate interpretation difficult. In this paper an interpretation of material falsity is offered which identifies the fault of (...)
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  34.  82
    Understanding Culture Across Species.Richard W. Byrne, Philip J. Barnard, Iain Davidson, Vincent M. Janik, William C. McGrew, Ádam Miklósi & Polly Wiessner - 2004 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 8 (8):341-346.
  35.  38
    The Evolution of Sexuality in Chimpanzees and Bonobos.Richard W. Wrangham - 1993 - Human Nature 4 (1):47-79.
    The evolution of nonconceptive sexuality in bonobos and chimpanzees is discussed from a functional perspective. Bonobos and chimpanzees have three functions of sexual activity in common (paternity confusion, practice sex, and exchange for favors), but only bonobos use sex purely for communication about social relationships. Bonobo hypersexuality appears closely linked to the evolution of female-female alliances. I suggest that these alliances were made possible by relaxed feeding competition, that they were favored through their effect on reducing sexual coercion, and that (...)
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  36.  11
    Evolution of Primate Cognition.Richard W. Byrne - 2000 - Cognitive Science 24 (3):543-570.
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  37.  23
    From Lord to Patron: Lordship in Late Medieval England.J. M. W. Bean.Richard W. Kaeuper - 1991 - Speculum 66 (4):845-847.
  38.  21
    The Inner Conflict of Tradition: Essays in Indian Ritual, Kingship, and Society.Richard W. Lariviere & J. C. Heesterman - 1986 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 106 (3):601.
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  39.  2
    Commentary: New Directions in the History of Ethology.Richard W. Burkhardt - 2022 - Berichte Zur Wissenschaftsgeschichte 45 (1-2):189-199.
    Berichte zur Wissenschaftsgeschichte, Volume 45, Issue 1-2, Page 189-199, June 2022.
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  40.  71
    Rawls and Marxism.Richard W. Miller - 1974 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 3 (2):167-191.
  41.  66
    Teaching Ethics to Student Relativists.Richard W. Momeyer - 1995 - Teaching Philosophy 18 (4):301-311.
    Following from the critiques of moral relativism advanced by philosophers such as Gilbert Harman and J.L. Mackie, the author explores philosophical challenges that educators face in philosophy courses. Specifically, the author accounts for the new wave of moral relativism and its effects on classroom discussions in philosophy courses. The purpose of this paper is to outline various pedagogical approaches that help with identifying student relativism. Unlike philosophical relativism, student relativism can be identified as an unreflective response to or attitude towards (...)
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  42.  7
    Use or Consequences: Probing the Cognitive Difference Between Two Measures of Divergent Thinking.Richard W. Hass & Roger E. Beaty - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
  43.  64
    Relationships of Equality: A Camping Trip Revisited. [REVIEW]Richard W. Miller - 2010 - The Journal of Ethics 14 (3-4):231-253.
    G. A. Cohen incisively argued that our judgments of social justice should fit our convictions about how to interact with others in our personal lives. Ironically, the ordinary morality of cooperation invoked in his last book undermines his favored principle of equality, and supports John Rawls' reliance on a relevantly impartial choice promoting appropriate fundamental interests as a basis for distributive standards. His further objections to Rawls' account of distributive justice neglect the role of social relations in establishing the proper (...)
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  44. Externalist Self-Knowledge and the Scope of the a Priori.Richard W. Miller - 1997 - Analysis 57 (1):67-74.
  45. Attention and the Aesthetic Object.Richard W. Lind - 1980 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 39 (2):131-142.
  46.  9
    The Venture of Islam.Richard W. Bulliet & Marshall G. S. Hodgson - 1978 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 98 (2):157.
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  47. The Physiological Foundation of Yoga Chakra Expression.Richard W. Maxwell - 2009 - Zygon 44 (4):807-824.
    Chakras are a basic concept of yoga but typically are ignored by scientific research on yoga, probably because descriptions of chakras can appear like a fanciful mythology. Chakras are commonly considered to be centers of concentrated metaphysical energy. Although clear physiological effects exist for yoga practices, no explanation of how chakras influence physiological function has been broadly accepted either in the scientific community or among yoga scholars. This problem is exacerbated by the fact that yoga is based on subjective experience, (...)
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  48. 1 Corinthians 15:35–58.Richard W. Voelz - 2018 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 72 (1):58-60.
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  49.  25
    Three Versions of Objectivity: Aesthetic, Moral, and Scientific.Richard W. Miller - 1998 - In Jerrold Levinson (ed.), Aesthetics and Ethics: Essays at the Intersection. Cambridge University Press. pp. 26--58.
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  50.  31
    Lamarck, Evolution, and the Politics of Science.Richard W. Burkhardt - 1970 - Journal of the History of Biology 3 (2):275-298.
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