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Richard W. Wrangham [7]Richard Wrangham [6]
  1.  41
    Intergroup Aggression in Chimpanzees and War in Nomadic Hunter-Gatherers.Richard W. Wrangham & Luke Glowacki - 2012 - Human Nature 23 (1):5-29.
    Chimpanzee and hunter-gatherer intergroup aggression differ in important ways, including humans having the ability to form peaceful relationships and alliances among groups. This paper nevertheless evaluates the hypothesis that intergroup aggression evolved according to the same functional principles in the two species—selection favoring a tendency to kill members of neighboring groups when killing could be carried out safely. According to this idea chimpanzees and humans are equally risk-averse when fighting. When self-sacrificial war practices are found in humans, therefore, they result (...)
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  2.  15
    On the Evolution of Ape Social Systems.Richard Wrangham - 1979 - Social Science Information 18 (3):336-368.
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  3.  25
    The Role of Rewards in Motivating Participation in Simple Warfare.Luke Glowacki & Richard W. Wrangham - 2013 - Human Nature 24 (4):444-460.
    In the absence of explicit punitive sanctions, why do individuals voluntarily participate in intergroup warfare when doing so incurs a mortality risk? Here we consider the motivation of individuals for participating in warfare. We hypothesize that in addition to other considerations, individuals are incentivized by the possibility of rewards. We test a prediction of this “cultural rewards war-risk hypothesis” with ethnographic literature on warfare in small-scale societies. We find that a greater number of benefits from warfare is associated with a (...)
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  4.  4
    Hypotheses for the Evolution of Reduced Reactive Aggression in the Context of Human Self-Domestication.Richard W. Wrangham - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  5.  13
    Self-Interest and the Design of Rules.Manvir Singh, Richard Wrangham & Luke Glowacki - 2017 - Human Nature 28 (4):457-480.
    Rules regulating social behavior raise challenging questions about cultural evolution in part because they frequently confer group-level benefits. Current multilevel selection theories contend that between-group processes interact with within-group processes to produce norms and institutions, but within-group processes have remained underspecified, leading to a recent emphasis on cultural group selection as the primary driver of cultural design. Here we present the self-interested enforcement hypothesis, which proposes that the design of rules importantly reflects the relative enforcement capacities of competing parties. We (...)
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  6. Integrating Two Evolutionary Models for the Study of Social Cognition.Brian Hare & Richard Wrangham - 2002 - In Marc Bekoff, Colin Allen & Gordon M. Burghardt (eds.), The Cognitive Animal: Empirical and Theoretical Perspectives on Animal Cognition. MIT Press. pp. 363--369.
  7.  8
    Self-Interested Agents Create, Maintain, and Modify Group-Functional Culture.Manvir Singh, Luke Glowacki & Richard W. Wrangham - 2016 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 39.
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  8. Breed Differences in Domestic Dogs'(Canis Familiaris) Comprehension of Human Communicative Signals.Victoria Wobber, Brian Hare, Janice Koler-Matznick, Richard Wrangham & Michael Tomasello - 2009 - Interaction Studies 10 (2):206-224.
  9.  34
    The Evolution of Sexuality in Chimpanzees and Bonobos.Richard W. Wrangham - 1993 - Human Nature 4 (1):47-79.
    The evolution of nonconceptive sexuality in bonobos and chimpanzees is discussed from a functional perspective. Bonobos and chimpanzees have three functions of sexual activity in common (paternity confusion, practice sex, and exchange for favors), but only bonobos use sex purely for communication about social relationships. Bonobo hypersexuality appears closely linked to the evolution of female-female alliances. I suggest that these alliances were made possible by relaxed feeding competition, that they were favored through their effect on reducing sexual coercion, and that (...)
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  10.  3
    Breed Differences in Domestic Dogs’ Comprehension of Human Communicative Signals.Victoria Wobber, Brian Hare, Janice Koler-Matznick, Richard Wrangham & Michael Tomasello - 2009 - Interaction Studies: Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systems 10 (2):206-224.
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  11.  5
    Male More Than Female Infants Imitate Propulsive Motion.Joyce F. Benenson, Robert Tennyson & Richard W. Wrangham - 2011 - Cognition 121 (2):262-267.
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  12.  1
    Breed Differences in Domestic Dogs’ (Canis Familiaris) Comprehension of Human Communicative Signals.Victoria Wobber, Brian Hare, Janice Koler-Matznick, Richard Wrangham & Michael Tomasello - 2009 - Interaction Studies. Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systemsinteraction Studies / Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systemsinteraction Studies 10 (2):206-224.
    Recent research suggests that some human-like social skills evolved in dogs during domestication as an incidental by-product of selection for “tame” forms of behavior. It is still possible, however, that the social skills of certain dog breeds came under direct selection that led to further increases in social problem solving ability. To test this hypothesis, different breeds of domestic dogs were compared for their ability to use various human communicative behaviors to find hidden food. We found that even primitive breeds (...)
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  13.  27
    Human Males Appear More Prepared Than Females to Resolve Conflicts with Same-Sex Peers.Joyce F. Benenson, Melissa N. Kuhn, Patrick J. Ryan, Anthony J. Ferranti, Rose Blondin, Michael Shea, Chalice Charpentier, Melissa Emery Thompson & Richard W. Wrangham - 2014 - Human Nature 25 (2):251-268.
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