Results for 'Rickey P. Thomas'

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  1.  31
    Fast and frugal heuristics: What about unfriendly environments?James Shanteau & Rickey P. Thomas - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (5):762-763.
    Simple heuristics that make us smart offers an impressive compilation of work that demonstrates fast and frugal (one-reason) heuristics can be simple, adaptive, and accurate. However, many decision environments differ from those explored in the book. We conducted a Monte Carlo simulation that shows one-reason strategies are accurate in “friendly” environments, but less accurate in “unfriendly” environments characterized by negative cue intercorrelations, that is, tradeoffs.
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  2.  4
    Effects of Probabilistic Risk Situation Awareness Tool (RSAT) on Aeronautical Weather-Hazard Decision Making.Sweta Parmar & Rickey P. Thomas - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
    We argue that providing cumulative risk as an estimate of the uncertainty in dynamically changing risky environments can help decision-makers meet mission-critical goals. Specifically, we constructed a simplified aviation-like weather decision-making task incorporating Next-Generation Radar images of convective weather. NEXRAD radar images provide information about geographically referenced precipitation. NEXRAD radar images are used by both pilots and laypeople to support decision-making about the level of risk posed by future weather-hazard movements. Using NEXRAD, people and professionals have to infer the uncertainty (...)
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  3.  7
    The evolution of enhanced conceptual complexity and of Broca’s area.P. Thomas Schoenemann - 2018 - Interaction Studies. Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systemsinteraction Studies / Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systemsinteraction Studies 19 (1-2):336-351.
    Evolutionary change occurs most often through the modification of pre-existing structures. What were the pre-existing circuits in our primate ancestors that paved the way for human language, and how did they change in the lineages leading to our present condition? Among the neural modifications that were critical for human language, there are two of special interest: The origin and evolution of the remarkably rich conceptual world that humans share to the exclusion of other primates, and the origin of neural circuitry (...)
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  4.  32
    Evolutionary principles and the emergence of syntax.P. Thomas Schoenemann & William S.-Y. Wang - 1996 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 19 (4):646-647.
    The belief that syntax is an innate, autonomous, species-specific module is highly questionable. Syntax demonstrates the mosaic nature of evolutionary change, in that it made use of numerous preexisting neurocognitive features. It is best understood as an emergent characteristic of the explosion of semantic complexity that occurred during hominid evolution.
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  5.  34
    Brain scaling, behavioral ability, and human evolution.P. Thomas Schoenemann - 2001 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (2):293-295.
    The existence of linked regularities in size among brain components across species is, by itself, not a strong argument against the importance of behavioral selection in brain evolution. A careful consideration of hominid brain evolution suggests that brain components can change their scaling relationships over time, and that behavioral selection was likely crucial. The best neuroanatomical index of a given behavioral ability can only be determined empirically, not through comparative analysis of brain anatomy alone.
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  6.  75
    Syntax as an Emergent Characteristic of the Evolution of Semantic Complexity.P. Thomas Schoenemann - 1999 - Minds and Machines 9 (3):309-346.
    It is commonly argued that the rules of language, as distinct from its semantic features, are the characteristics which most clearly distinguish language from the communication systems of other species. A number of linguists (e.g., Chomsky 1972, 1980; Pinker 1994) have suggested that the universal features of grammar (UG) are unique human adaptations showing no evolutionary continuities with any other species. However, recent summaries of the substantive features of UG are quite remarkable in the very general nature of the features (...)
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  7.  1
    Correction to Margaret A. Fay's Article.P. Thomas Carroll - 1978 - Journal of the History of Ideas 39 (4):675.
  8.  4
    Roger Adams: Scientist and Statesman. D. Stanley Tarbell, Ann Tracy Tarbell.P. Thomas Carroll - 1984 - Isis 75 (3):596-598.
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  9.  32
    Putting meat on the bones: The necessity of empirical tests of hypotheses about cognitive evolution.P. Thomas Schoenemann - 2002 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (3):416-417.
    Reconstructing the evolution of cognition requires maximal extraction of information from very sparse data. The role that archaeology plays in this process is important, but strong empirical tests of plausible hypotheses are absolutely critical. Quantitative measures of symmetry must be devised, a much deeper understanding of nonhuman primate spatial cognition is needed, and a better understanding of brain/behavior relationships across species is necessary to properly ground these hypotheses.
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  10.  3
    The Return of Cosmopolitan Capital: Globalization, the State and War.P. Green & M. Thomas - 2006 - Historical Materialism 14 (4):203-232.
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  11. Logica Modernorum in Prague About 1400 the Sophistria Disputation 'Quoniam Quatuor' : With a Partial Reconstruction of Thomas of Cleve's Logica : Edition with an Introduction and Appendices.Egbert P. Bos & Thomas - 2004
     
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  12. Consciousness: Mapping the theoretical landscape.Anthony P. Atkinson, Michael S. C. Thomas & Axel Cleeremans - 2000 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 4 (10):372-382.
    What makes us conscious? Many theories that attempt to answer this question have appeared recently in the context of widespread interest about consciousness in the cognitive neurosciences. Most of these proposals are formulated in terms of the information processing conducted by the brain. In this overview, we survey and contrast these models. We first delineate several notions of consciousness, addressing what it is that the various models are attempting to explain. Next, we describe a conceptual landscape that addresses how the (...)
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  13. Predicting visual search accuracy in symbolic displays and medical images.M. P. Eckstein, J. P. Thomas & J. S. Whiting - 1996 - In Enrique Villanueva (ed.), Perception. Ridgeview. pp. 5-5.
  14.  9
    Erich Przywara, S.J.: His Theology and His World.Thomas F. O'Meara O. P. & Michael A. Fahey S. J. - 2002 - University of Notre Dame Press.
    "O'Meara masterfully situates Pryzwara in relation to the traditional and contemporary theological, philosophical, ecclesial, cultural, and social contexts within which he wrote." --_William P. Loewe, professor of religious studies, Catholic University of America_ Erich Przywara, S.J. is one of the important Catholic intellectuals of the twentieth century. Yet, in the English-speaking world Przywara remains largely unknown. Few of his sixty books or six hundred articles have been translated. In this engaging new book, Thomas O'Meara offers a comprehensive study of (...)
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  15.  19
    A Century of Doctorates: Data Analyses of Growth and Change: U. S. PhD's--Their Numbers, Origins, Characteristics, and the Institutions from Which They ComeNational Research Council Lindsey R. Harmon. [REVIEW]P. Thomas Carroll - 1980 - Isis 71 (2):308-309.
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  16.  2
    A process model of mindsets: Conceptualizing mindsets of ability as dynamic and socially situated.Naomi M. P. de Ruiter & Sander Thomaes - 2023 - Psychological Review 130 (5):1326-1338.
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  17.  7
    Rationalization may improve predictability rather than accuracy.P. Kyle Stanford, Ashley J. Thomas & Barbara W. Sarnecka - 2020 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 43.
    We present a theoretical and an empirical challenge to Cushman's claim that rationalization is adaptive because it allows humans to extract more accurate beliefs from our non-rational motivations for behavior. Rationalization sometimes generates more adaptive decisions by making our beliefs about the world less accurate. We suggest that the most important adaptive advantage of rationalization is instead that it increases our predictability as potential partners in cooperative social interactions.
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  18.  16
    New books. [REVIEW]H. B. Acton, P. J., E. J. Thomas & W. D. Ross - 1939 - Mind 48 (192):544-550.
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  19.  17
    What Makes Us Conscious?Anthony P. Atkinson & Michael S. C. Thomas - 1999 - Journal of Intelligent Systems 9 (5-6):307-354.
  20.  17
    The evolution of combinatoriality and compositionality in hominid tool use: a comparative perspective.Shelby S. J. Putt, Zara Anwarzai, Chloe Holden, Lana Ruck & P. Thomas Schoenemann - 2022 - International Journal of Primatology 1 (Special Issue):1-46.
    A crucial design feature of language useful for determining when grammatical language evolved in the human lineage is our ability to combine meaningless units to form a new unit with meaning (combinatoriality) and to further combine these meaningful units into a larger unit with a novel meaning (compositionality). There is overlap between neural bases that underlie hierarchical cognitive functions required for compositionality in both linguistic and nonlinguistic contexts (e.g., tool use). Therefore, evidence of compositional tool use in the archaeological record (...)
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  21.  55
    The Perceived Role of Ethics and Social Responsibility.Scott J. Vitell, Joseph G. P. Paolillo & James L. Thomas - 2003 - Business Ethics Quarterly 13 (1):63-86.
    This study examined the effect of various antecedent variables on marketers’ perceptions of the role of ethics and socialresponsibility in the overall success of the firm. Variables examined included Hofstede’s cultural dimensions (i.e., power distance, uncertainty avoidance, individualism, masculinity, and Confucian dynamism), as well as corporate ethical values and enforcement ofan ethics code. Additionally, individual variables such as ethical idealism and relativism were included. Results indicated that most ofthese variables impacted marketers’ perceptions of the importance of ethics and social responsibility, (...)
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  22.  30
    The Red Notebook of Charles Darwin.Sandra Herbert, Charles Darwin, P. Thomas Carroll, Paul H. Barrett & Ralph Colp - 1982 - Journal of the History of Biology 15 (3):467-471.
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  23.  53
    The comparative neuroprimatology 2018 road map for research on How the Brain Got Language.Michael A. Arbib, Francisco Aboitiz, Judith M. Burkart, Michael C. Corballis, Gino Coudé, Erin Hecht, Katja Liebal, Masako Myowa-Yamakoshi, James Pustejovsky, Shelby S. Putt, Federico Rossano, Anne E. Russon, P. Thomas Schoenemann, Uwe Seifert, Katerina Semendeferi, Chris Sinha, Dietrich Stout, Virginia Volterra, Sławomir Wacewicz & Benjamin Wilson - 2018 - Interaction Studies 19 (1-2):370-387.
    We present a new road map for research on “How the Brain Got Language” that adopts an EvoDevoSocio perspective and highlights comparative neuroprimatology – the comparative study of brain, behavior and communication in extant monkeys and great apes – as providing a key grounding for hypotheses on the last common ancestor of humans and monkeys and chimpanzees and the processes which guided the evolution LCA-m → LCA-c → protohumans → H. sapiens. Such research constrains and is constrained by analysis of (...)
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  24.  30
    Seeking Synthesis: The Integrative Problem in Understanding Language and Its Evolution.Rick Dale, Christopher T. Kello & P. Thomas Schoenemann - 2016 - Topics in Cognitive Science 8 (2):371-381.
    We discuss two problems for a general scientific understanding of language, sequences and synergies: how language is an intricately sequenced behavior and how language is manifested as a multidimensionally structured behavior. Though both are central in our understanding, we observe that the former tends to be studied more than the latter. We consider very general conditions that hold in human brain evolution and its computational implications, and identify multimodal and multiscale organization as two key characteristics of emerging cognitive function in (...)
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  25.  14
    The comparative neuroprimatology 2018 (CNP-2018) road map for research on How the Brain Got Language.Michael A. Arbib, Francisco Aboitiz, Judith M. Burkart, Michael Corballis, Gino Coudé, Erin Hecht, Katja Liebal, Masako Myowa-Yamakoshi, James Pustejovsky, Shelby Putt, Federico Rossano, Anne E. Russon, P. Thomas Schoenemann, Uwe Seifert, Katerina Semendeferi, Chris Sinha, Dietrich Stout, Virginia Volterra, Sławomir Wacewicz & Benjamin Wilson - 2018 - Interaction Studies. Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systemsinteraction Studies / Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systemsinteraction Studies 19 (1-2):370-387.
    We present a new road map for research on “How the Brain Got Language” that adopts an EvoDevoSocio perspective and highlights comparative neuroprimatology – the comparative study of brain, behavior and communication in extant monkeys and great apes – as providing a key grounding for hypotheses on the last common ancestor of humans and monkeys and chimpanzees and the processes which guided the evolution LCA-m → LCA-c → protohumans → H. sapiens. Such research constrains and is constrained by analysis of (...)
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  26.  36
    Changing clinical practice: management of paediatric community‐acquired pneumonia.Mohamed A. Elemraid, Stephen P. Rushton, Matthew F. Thomas, David A. Spencer, Katherine M. Eastham, Andrew R. Gennery & Julia E. Clark - 2014 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 20 (1):94-99.
  27.  21
    Multisite functional connectivity MRI classification of autism: ABIDE results.Jared A. Nielsen, Brandon A. Zielinski, P. Thomas Fletcher, Andrew L. Alexander, Nicholas Lange, Erin D. Bigler, Janet E. Lainhart & Jeffrey S. Anderson - 2013 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.
  28.  5
    Pipe-diffusion ripening of Si precipitates in Al-0.5%Cu-1%Si thin films.M. Legros *, B. Kaouache, P. Gergaud, O. Thomas, G. Dehm, T. J. Balk & E. Arzt - 2005 - Philosophical Magazine 85 (30):3541-3552.
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  29. forall x: Calgary. An Introduction to Formal Logic (4th edition).P. D. Magnus, Tim Button, Robert Trueman, Richard Zach & Aaron Thomas-Bolduc - 2023 - Calgary: Open Logic Project.
    forall x: Calgary is a full-featured textbook on formal logic. It covers key notions of logic such as consequence and validity of arguments, the syntax of truth-functional propositional logic TFL and truth-table semantics, the syntax of first-order (predicate) logic FOL with identity (first-order interpretations), symbolizing English in TFL and FOL, and Fitch-style natural deduction proof systems for both TFL and FOL. It also deals with some advanced topics such as modal logic, soundness, and functional completeness. Exercises with solutions are available. (...)
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  30. Maximal Power.Thomas P. Flint & Alfred J. Freddoso - 1983 - In Alfred J. Freddoso (ed.), The Existence and Nature of God. University of Notre Dame Press. pp. 81--114.
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  31. S. Thomae Aquinatis Opuscula Omnia Genuina Quidem Necnon Spuria Melioris Notae.P. Thomas & Mandonnet - 1927 - Sumptibus P. Lethielleux.
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  32. S. Thomae Aquinatis Doctoris Angelici Ord. Praed. Quaestiones Disputatae.P. Thomas & Mandonnet - 1925 - Sumptibus P. Lethielleux.
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  33. S. Thomae Aquinatis doctoris Angelici Ord. Praed. quaestiones quodlibetales.P. Thomas & Mandonnet - 1926 - Sumptibus P. Lethielleux.
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  34. Beyond Aristotle... and beyond Newton: Thomas Aquinas on an infinite creation.Thomas P. Bukowski - 2004 - The Thomist 68 (2):287-314.
     
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  35.  11
    Selected papers in honor of William P. Alston.Thomas D. Senor, Michael R. DePaul & William P. Alston (eds.) - 2016 - Charlottesville, Virginia: Philosophy Documentation Center.
    William P. Alston was the founding editor of the Philosophy Research Archives and a president of the American Philosophical Association. This special volume was prepared in honor and recognition of Alston's many contributions to philosophy as author, editor, teacher, and mentor. Publication of this volume was made possible by his colleagues and the philosophy department at Syracuse University.
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  36.  8
    Thomas More: First and Best Apologist for Erasmus.Thomas P. Scheck - 2021 - Moreana 58 (1):75-111.
    Contrary to the legend that evolved in late sixteenth century Recusant More hagiography, of a distancing or even a breach in the spiritual and intellectual friendship between Thomas More and Erasmus of Rotterdam, the primary texts point to the persistence of an intimate bond between them. Even More's late letter to Erasmus informing him of his resignation addresses the matter of Erasmus's churchmanship and doctrinal reliability. Here we find More defending and praising the writings of Erasmus, and not merely (...)
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  37. The Problem of Divine Freedom.Thomas P. Flint - 1983 - American Philosophical Quarterly 20 (3):255 - 264.
  38. Emile Thomas.P. Thomas - 1923 - Revue Belge de Philologie Et D’Histoire 2 (4):573-573.
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  39.  69
    Tweetjacked: The Impact of Social Media on Corporate Greenwash.Thomas P. Lyon & A. Wren Montgomery - 2013 - Journal of Business Ethics 118 (4):747-757.
    We theorize that social media will reduce the incidence of corporate greenwash. Drawing on the management literature on decoupling and the economic literature on information disclosure, we characterize specifically where this effect is likely to be most pronounced. We identify important differences between social media and traditional media, and present a theoretical framework for understanding greenwash in which corporate environmental communications may backfire if citizens and activists feel a company is engaging in excessive self-promotion. The framework allows us to draw (...)
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  40.  43
    the Molinist Debate: A Reply to Hasker.Thomas P. Flint - 2011 - In Ken Perszyk (ed.), Molinism: The Contemporary Debate. Oxford University Press. pp. 37.
  41.  79
    Divine providence.Thomas P. Flint - 1998 - In Thomas P. Flint & Michael Rea (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Philosophical Theology. Ithaca: Oxford University Press.
    This article attempts to spell out more clearly the Thomist, the Openist, and the Molinist approaches to divine providence, and to indicate the strengths and weaknesses of these three positions. It begins by discussing both the traditional notion of divine providence and the libertarian picture of freedom. The article then argues that each theory of divine providence has its advantages and disadvantages. Each has had numerous able and creative defenders. As with most philosophical disputes, one can hardly expect this debate (...)
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  42. Compatibilism and the argument from unavoidability.Thomas P. Flint - 1987 - Journal of Philosophy 84 (August):423-40.
  43.  15
    Introduction.Thomas P. Flint & Michael C. Rea - 2009 - In Thomas P. Flint & Michael Rea (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Philosophical Theology. Oxford University Press.
    The first half of the twentieth century was a dark time for philosophical theology. Sharp divisions were developing among philosophers over the proper aims and ambitions for philosophical theorizing and proper methods for approaching philosophical problems. But many philosophers were united in thinking, for different reasons, that the methods of philosophy are incapable of putting us in touch with theoretically interesting truths about God.
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  44.  18
    Diagnostic hypothesis generation and human judgment.Rick P. Thomas, Michael R. Dougherty, Amber M. Sprenger & J. Isaiah Harbison - 2008 - Psychological Review 115 (1):155-185.
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  45.  15
    Inoue Tetsujirō.Thomas P. Kasulis - 2020 - Journal of Japanese Philosophy 6:1-22.
    There is no arguing the impact of Inoue Tetsujirō on the development of philosophy in Japan from the Meiji Restoration through the end of the Pacific War. He was the first Japanese to receive a doctorate in philosophy from Germany and the first native-born chair of the philosophy department at Tokyo Imperial University, the training center for almost all the major Japanese philosophers who graduated before 1915. Inoue was instrumental in making German idealism the Western philosophy of choice for Japan, (...)
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  46.  5
    Advanced algorithms for abstract dialectical frameworks based on complexity analysis of subclasses and SAT solving.Thomas Linsbichler, Marco Maratea, Andreas Niskanen, Johannes P. Wallner & Stefan Woltran - 2022 - Artificial Intelligence 307 (C):103697.
  47.  6
    Self as Body in Asian Theory and Practice.Thomas P. Kasulis, Roger T. Ames & Wimal Dissanayake - 1993 - SUNY Press.
    This book is an investigation of the relationship between self and body in the Indian, Japanese, and Chinese philosophical traditions. The interplay between self and body is complex and manifold, touching on issues of epistemology, ontology, social philosophy, and axiology. The authors examine these issues and make relevant connections to the Western tradition. The authors' allow the Asian traditions to shed new light on some of the traditional mind-body issues addressed in the West.
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  48. Two-Dimensional Theories of Art.Thomas N. P. A. Brouwer - forthcoming - Thought: A Journal of Philosophy.
    What determines whether an object is an artwork? In this paper I consider what I will call ‘social’ theories of art, according to which the arthood of objects depends in some way on the art-related social practices that we have. Though such a dependence claim is plausible in principle, social theories of art tend to unpack the determining link between artworks and social practices in terms of intentional relations between the objects in question and the people involved in the relevant (...)
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  49.  9
    The Papers of Thomas A. Edison. Volume I: The Making of an Inventor, February 1847-June 1873. Reese V. Jenkins.Thomas P. Hughes - 1990 - Isis 81 (4):790-791.
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  50. The Oxford handbook of philosophical theology.Thomas P. Flint & Michael Rea (eds.) - 2008 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    Philosophical theology is aimed primarily at theoretical understanding of the nature and attributes of God and of God's relationship to the world and its inhabitants. During the twentieth century, much of the philosophical community had grave doubts about our ability to attain any such understanding. In recent years the analytic tradition in particular has moved beyond the biases that placed obstacles in the way of the pursuing questions located on the interface of philosophy and religion. The result has been a (...)
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