Results for 'Riekeder Graaf'

115 found
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  1.  43
    Clarifying appeals to dignity in medical ethics from an historical perspective.Riekeder Graaf & Johannes Jmdelden - 2009 - Bioethics 23 (3):151-160.
    Over the past few decades the concept of (human) dignity has deeply pervaded medical ethics. Appeals to dignity, however, are often unclear. As a result some prefer to eliminate the concept from medical ethics, whereas others try to render it useful in this context. We think that appeals to dignity in medical ethics can be clarified by considering the concept from an historical perspective. Firstly, on the basis of historical texts we propose a framework for defining the concept in medical (...)
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  2.  38
    On using people merely as a means in clinical research.Riekeder Graaf & Johannes J. M. Delden - forthcoming - Bioethics.
    It is often argued that clinical research should not violate the Kantian principle that people must not be used merely as a means for the purposes of others. At first sight, the practice of clinical research itself, however, seems to violate precisely this principle: clinical research is often beneficial to future people rather than to participants; even if participants benefit, all things considered, they are exposed to discomforts which are absent both in regular care for their diseases and in other (...)
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  3.  45
    TMS effects on subjective and objective measures of vision: Stimulation intensity and pre- versus post-stimulus masking.Tom A. de Graaf, Sonja Cornelsen, Christianne Jacobs & Alexander T. Sack - 2011 - Consciousness and Cognition 20 (4):1244-1255.
    Transcranial magnetic stimulation can be used to mask visual stimuli, disrupting visual task performance or preventing visual awareness. While TMS masking studies generally fix stimulation intensity, we hypothesized that varying the intensity of TMS pulses in a masking paradigm might inform several ongoing debates concerning TMS disruption of vision as measured subjectively versus objectively, and pre-stimulus versus post-stimulus TMS masking. We here show that both pre-stimulus TMS pulses and post-stimulus TMS pulses could strongly mask visual stimuli. We found no dissociations (...)
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  4.  19
    Ethics and Behavioural Theory: How Do Professionals Assess Their Mental Models?Frank Graaf - 2019 - Journal of Business Ethics 157 (4):933-947.
    The role and ethics of professionals in business and economics have been questioned, especially after the financial crisis of 2008. Some suggest a reorientation using concepts such as craftsmanship. In this article, I will explore professional practices within the context of behavioural theory and business ethics. I suggest that scholars of behavioural theory need a strategy to deal with normative questions to meet their ambition of practical relevance. Evidence-based management (EBMgt), a recent behavioural approach, may assist business ethics scholars in (...)
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  5.  40
    Using brain stimulation to disentangle neural correlates of conscious vision.Tom A. de Graaf & Alexander T. Sack - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5:105252.
    Research into the neural correlates of consciousness (NCCs) has blossomed, due to the advent of new and increasingly sophisticated brain research tools. Neuroimaging has uncovered a variety of brain processes that relate to conscious perception, obtained in a range of experimental paradigms. But methods such as functional magnetic resonance imaging or electroencephalography do not always afford inference on the functional role these brain processes play in conscious vision. Such empirical NCCs could reflect neural prerequisites, neural consequences, or neural substrates of (...)
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  6.  51
    Veterinarians’ Discourses on Animals and Clients.Gjalt de Graaf - 2005 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 18 (6):557-578.
    Veterinarians have obligations towards both the animals they treat and their clients, the owners of the animals. With both groups, veterinarians have complicated relations; many times the interests of both groups conflict. In this article, using Q-methodology as a method for discourse analysis, the following question is answered: How do Dutch practicing veterinarians conceptualize animals and their owners and their professional responsibility towards both? The main part of the article contains descriptions of four different discourses on animals and their owners (...)
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  7.  13
    The role of identification and self-referencing in narrative persuasion.Anneke de Graaf - 2023 - Communications 48 (2):163-179.
    Previous studies have shown that identification and self-referencing can both function as mechanisms of narrative persuasion. However, it is not yet clear whether they are compatible and can work together in bringing about persuasive effects of narratives, or not. Therefore, this study examines both identification and self-referencing and studies their relation and effects. A 2x2 between-subjects experiment was conducted among 185 student participants, with the factors ‘perspective’ (1st vs. 3rd person) to influence identification and ‘similarity’ (young student protagonist vs. older (...)
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  8.  23
    Corporate Social Performance and the Governance Structure.Frank Jan de Graaf - 2005 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 16:225-229.
    This paper demonstrates the role of the governance system and the governance structure in corporate social performance (CSP). By building on a longitudinal study in Dutch finance, it extends the CSP-model of Wood. The extension enables us to study the impact of the institutional environment and the characteristics of a governance structure on CSP. Furthermore, the study confirms Wood’s assumption that anticipating managers are critical in CSP. However, if stakeholders desire structural influence, the governance structure and the governance system offer (...)
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  9. De bezinning over goed en kwaad in de geschiedenis van het menselijk denken.Johannes de Graaf - unknown - Utrecht,: Erven J. Bijleveld [1957]-64 [v.. Edited by Reinout[From Old Catalog] Bakker.
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  10.  16
    Long-term evaluation of a social robot in real homes.M. A. de Graaf Maartje, Ben Allouch Somaya & A. G. M. van Dijk Jan - 2016 - Latest Issue of Interaction Studies 17 (3):461-490.
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  11.  7
    Discussion: Why the genre of the interview deserves a place in legal journals.Niels Graaf - 2022 - Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy 51 (2):165-169.
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  12.  13
    Situated and Historized Making Sense of Meaning: Implications for Radicalization.Beatrice A. De Graaf & Kees van den Bos - 2020 - Evolutionary Studies in Imaginative Culture 4 (1):59-62.
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  13.  9
    Discourse Theory and Business Ethics. The Case of Bankers' Conceptualizations of Customers.Gjalt De Graaf - 2001 - Journal of Business Ethics 31 (4):299 - 319.
    Within discourse theory, language is seen as constitutive of reality. Furthermore, facts and values are viewed as inseparable. This has consequences for business ethics. In this paper the relationship between discourse theory and business ethics is discussed. Both the descriptive and prescriptive aspects of business ethics are taken into account. Furthermore, an example of an empirical study is presented. A discourse analysis is concluded to answer the questions of how bankers in Holland conceptualize and thus treat their customers and whether (...)
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  14. Tractable morality.Gjalt de Graaf - 2005 - Journal of Business Ethics 60 (1):1-15.
    This article discusses five propositions about managerial moral tractability -- that is, a morality that is amenable to the complexity of managers’ continual pressure to decide and act -- in their customer relations. The propositions come from the comparison of three case studies of different types of managers. To analyze the morality of managers, discursive practices of managers are studied. At the end of the article also some consideration is given to “information strategies” of managers, in relation to their tractable (...)
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  15.  17
    Language intensity as a sensationalistic news feature: The influence of style on sensationalism perceptions and effects.Anneke de Graaf & Christian Burgers - 2013 - Communications 38 (2):167-188.
    This article extends the definition of sensationalism to print media by arguing that language intensifiers may be an aspect of sensationalism. In addition, this paper investigates if an indirect effect can be established by which sensationalistic message features influence news reception through the perception of sensationalism. Two between-subjects experiments show that sensationalistic message features like intensifiers increase perceived language intensity. In experiment 1, intensifiers had a negative effect on news article appreciation, which was not influenced by PLI. Experiment 2 revealed (...)
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  16. De vernieuwde overheid.Door Thom de Graaf - forthcoming - Idee.
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  17.  14
    Ethik und Chemie.Johannes De Graaf - 1972 - Zeitschrift Für Evangelische Ethik 16 (1):130-134.
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  18. Godsienst en zedelijkheid.H. T. de Graaf - 1924 - Arnhem,: Loghum Slaterus & Visser.
     
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  19.  2
    Moraal, marxisme en ethiek in de Sowjetunie.Johannes de Graaf - 1966 - Hilversum,: Paul Brand.
  20.  27
    Marxismus und Moral in der sowjetrussischen Literatur.J. De Graaf - 1957 - Zeitschrift Für Evangelische Ethik 1 (1):219-227.
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  21.  65
    Discourse and descriptive business ethics.Gjalt De Graaf - 2006 - Business Ethics, the Environment and Responsibility 15 (3):246–258.
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  22.  57
    Ethics and Behavioural Theory: How Do Professionals Assess Their Mental Models?Frank Jan de Graaf - 2019 - Journal of Business Ethics 157 (4):933-947.
    The role and ethics of professionals in business and economics have been questioned, especially after the financial crisis of 2008. Some suggest a reorientation using concepts such as craftsmanship. In this article, I will explore professional practices within the context of behavioural theory and business ethics. I suggest that scholars of behavioural theory need a strategy to deal with normative questions to meet their ambition of practical relevance. Evidence-based management, a recent behavioural approach, may assist business ethics scholars in understanding (...)
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  23.  56
    How corporate social performance is institutionalised within the governance structure.Frank J. de Graaf & Cor A. J. Herkströter - 2007 - Journal of Business Ethics 74 (2):177-189.
    Since Ackerman in Corporate social responsiveness, the modern dilemma (1973), pleaded for the institutionalisation of corporate social performance (CSP) in business processes, researchers have focused on the role of strategy in CSP. This article demonstrates that CSP is institutionalised within the governance structure. We will attempt to make this clear by means of a description of the Dutch system of corporate governance. Under certain circumstances Dutch companies are already bound to CSP due to prevailing legislation. A governance perspective shows that (...)
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  24.  57
    The autonomy of the contracting partners: An argument for heuristic contractarian business ethics. [REVIEW]Gjalt de Graaf - 2006 - Journal of Business Ethics 68 (3):347-361.
    Due to the domain characteristics of business ethics, a contractarian theory for business ethics will need to be essentially different from the contract model as it is applied to other domains. Much of the current criticism of contractarian business ethics (CBE) can be traced back to autonomy, one of its three boundary conditions. After explaining why autonomy is so important, this article considers the notion carefully vis à vis the contracting partners in the contractarian approaches in business ethics. Autonomy is (...)
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  25.  34
    Discourse theory and business ethics. The case of bankers' conceptualizations of customers.Gjalt de Graaf - 2001 - Journal of Business Ethics 31 (4):299-319.
    Within discourse theory, language is seen as constitutive of reality. Furthermore, facts and values are viewed as inseparable. This has consequences for business ethics. In this paper the relationship between discourse theory and business ethics is discussed. Both the descriptive and prescriptive aspects of business ethics are taken into account. Furthermore, an example of an empirical study is presented. A discourse analysis is conducted to answer the questions of how bankers in Holland conceptualize and thus treat their customers and whether (...)
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  26.  14
    Die Gewalt: Kritik ihrer Rechtfertigung·~.Johannes de Graaf - 1971 - Zeitschrift Für Evangelische Ethik 15 (1):129-141.
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  27.  30
    S. N. bulgakovs visie op de kontinuïteit in zijn denken.J. de Graaf - 1986 - Bijdragen 47 (2):170-191.
  28. Cockles and Mussels at Eastern Scheldt.Jan de Graaf - 1993 - Topos 3:85-92.
     
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  29.  4
    Tegen academische reservaten. Pleidooi voor een ‘leesbare’ rechtsfilosofie.Niels Graaf - 2019 - Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy 48 (2):161-164.
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  30.  12
    Discourse and descriptive business ethics.Gjalt De Graaf - 2006 - Business Ethics, the Environment and Responsibility 15 (3):246-258.
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  31.  21
    Long-term evaluation of a social robot in real homes.Maartje M. A. de Graaf, Somaya Ben Allouch & Jan A. G. M. van Dijk - 2016 - Interaction Studies 17 (3):461-490.
    This study aims to contribute to emerging human-robot interaction research by adding longitudinal findings to a limited number of long-term social robotics home studies. We placed 70 robots in users’ homes for a period of up to six months, and used questionnaires and interviews to collect data at six points during this period. Results indicate that users’ evaluations of the robot dropped initially, but later rose after the robot had been used for a longer period of time. This is congruent (...)
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  32.  7
    Technology Assessment as Learning.Henk van de Graaf & John Grin - 1996 - Science, Technology and Human Values 21 (1):72-99.
    This article addresses the question of how policymakers could deliberately influence processes of technology development. Using the development of wind turbines in Denmark as an example, the article describes the frames of meaning guiding the actions of those involved in the three subprocesses of policymaking, the generation of new technologies, and the management of the firms that bring new artifacts to the market. The three types of actors share an interest in one notion: the meaning of a technological artifact. This (...)
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  33.  26
    The ethics of ethics conferences: Is Qatar a desirable location for a bioethics conference?Rieke van der Graaf, Karin Jongsma, Suzanne van de Vathorst, Martine de Vries & Ineke Bolt - 2023 - Bioethics 37 (4):319-322.
    The next World Congress of Bioethics will be held in Doha, Qatar. Although this location provides opportunities to interact with a more culturally diverse audience, to advance dialogue between cultures and religions, offer opportunities for mutual learning, there are also huge moral concerns. Qatar is known for violations of human rights ‐ including the treatment of migrant workers and the rights of women ‐ corruption, criminalization of LGBTQI+ persons, and climate impact. Since these concerns are also key (bio)ethical concern we (...)
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  34.  20
    The ethos of business students.Jelle Baardewijk & Gjalt Graaf - 2020 - Business Ethics: A European Review 30 (2):188-201.
    Business schools are the “nurseries” of the corporate world. This article offers an empirical analysis of the business student ethos on the basis of research conducted at three Dutch universities. A theoretical framework in the tradition of virtue ethics and dubbed “moral ethology” is used to identify the values business schools convey to their students. The central research question is: What types of ethos do Dutch business students have? Forty‐three undergraduate students participated in Q‐methodological research, a mixed qualitative–quantitative small‐sample method. (...)
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  35.  21
    How the CIOMS guidelines contribute to fair inclusion of pregnant women in research.Rieke van der Graaf, Indira S. E. van der Zande & Johannes J. M. van Delden - 2018 - Bioethics 33 (3):377-383.
    As early as 2002, CIOMS stated that pregnant women should be presumed eligible for participation in research. Despite this position and calls of other well‐recognized organizations, the health needs of pregnant women in research remain grossly under‐researched. Although the presumption of eligibility remains unchanged, the revision of the 2002 CIOMS International ethical guidelines for biomedical research involving human subjects involved a substantive rewrite of the guidance on research with pregnant women and related guidelines, such as those on fair inclusion and (...)
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  36.  14
    CSR as Value Attunement within Governance Processes: Stakeholder Dialogue, Corporate Principles and Regulation.Frank Jan de Graaf - 2016 - Business and Society Review 121 (3):365-390.
    I argue that a governance perspective on corporate social responsibility (CSR) makes it possible to explain why the concept will always be under‐defined, is normative and thus political by nature, and is and should be difficult to measure. The perspective also makes it possible to understand the interaction between corporate values and stakeholders values.In processes of dialogue within governance systems and governance structures, changing insights into the principles of CSR can lead to regulation or its adjustment. Power is important in (...)
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  37.  1
    Elementair begrip van de ethiek.Johannes de Graaf - 1972 - Haarlem,: Bohn.
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  38.  8
    25 Jahre UNO.Johannes de Graaf - 1970 - Zeitschrift Für Evangelische Ethik 14 (1):367-370.
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  39.  14
    Die Ethik Schischkins: Ethik als Theorie der Moral in der Sowjetunion.Johannes de Graaf - 1973 - Zeitschrift Für Evangelische Ethik 17 (1):270-284.
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  40.  9
    Alexandria Ad Aegyptvm: The (Dis)Connection Between Alexandria and Egypt.Ruben De Graaf - 2022 - Classical Quarterly 72 (1):202-216.
    The ancient city of Alexandria was often referred to as Alexandria ad Aegyptum in Roman documentary, epigraphic and literary sources; this phrase was translated in Greek as ἡ Ἀλεξάνδρεια ἡ πρὸς Αἰγύπτῳ. The grammatical phrasing implies that Alexandria was seen as being ‘near’ or ‘next to’ Egypt, not ‘in’ Egypt. This observation has given rise to the scholarly view that Alexandria was not part of Egypt. In this article the function of the designation ad Aegyptum and of similar designations within (...)
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  41.  53
    Clarifying appeals to dignity in medical ethics from an historical perspective.Rieke van der Graaf & Johannes Jm van Delden - 2008 - Bioethics 23 (3):151-160.
    ABSTRACT Over the past few decades the concept of (human) dignity has deeply pervaded medical ethics. Appeals to dignity, however, are often unclear. As a result some prefer to eliminate the concept from medical ethics, whereas others try to render it useful in this context. We think that appeals to dignity in medical ethics can be clarified by considering the concept from an historical perspective. Firstly, on the basis of historical texts we propose a framework for defining the concept in (...)
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  42.  14
    The ethos of business students.Jelle van Baardewijk & Gjalt de Graaf - 2020 - Business Ethics, the Environment and Responsibility 30 (2):188-201.
    Business Ethics: A European Review, Volume 30, Issue 2, Page 188-201, April 2021.
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  43.  16
    The ethos of business students.Jelle van Baardewijk & Gjalt de Graaf - 2020 - Business Ethics, the Environment and Responsibility 30 (2):188-201.
    Business Ethics: A European Review, Volume 30, Issue 2, Page 188-201, April 2021.
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  44.  25
    Toward a “Post-Posthuman Dignity Area” in Evaluating Emerging Enhancement Technologies.Annelien L. Bredenoord, Rieke van der Graaf & Johannes Jm van Delden - 2010 - American Journal of Bioethics 10 (7):55-57.
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  45.  82
    On using people merely as a means in clinical research.Rieke van der Graaf & Johannes J. M. van Delden - 2010 - Bioethics 26 (2):76-83.
    It is often argued that clinical research should not violate the Kantian principle that people must not be used merely as a means for the purposes of others. At first sight, the practice of clinical research itself, however, seems to violate precisely this principle: clinical research is often beneficial to future people rather than to participants; even if participants benefit, all things considered, they are exposed to discomforts which are absent both in regular care for their diseases and in other (...)
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  46.  24
    How the CIOMS guidelines contribute to fair inclusion of pregnant women in research.Rieke van der Graaf, Indira S. E. Van der Zande & Johannes J. M. Van Delden - 2018 - Bioethics 33 (3):377-383.
    As early as 2002, CIOMS stated that pregnant women should be presumed eligible for participation in research. Despite this position and calls of other well‐recognized organizations, the health needs of pregnant women in research remain grossly under‐researched. Although the presumption of eligibility remains unchanged, the revision of the 2002 CIOMS International ethical guidelines for biomedical research involving human subjects involved a substantive rewrite of the guidance on research with pregnant women and related guidelines, such as those on fair inclusion and (...)
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  47.  36
    An End to Evil: An Eschatological Approach to Security.Beatrice de Graaf - 2016 - Philosophia Reformata 81 (1):70-88.
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  48.  16
    CSR processes in governance systems and structures: The development of mental modes of CSR.Frank Jan de Graaf - 2019 - Business and Society Review 124 (4):431-448.
    When corporate social responsibility (CSR) as a sensemaking process is assessed from a corporate governance perspective, this implies that stakeholders do not only influence companies by promoting and enforcing regulations and other corporate guidelines. They also influence companies by promoting regulation on influence pathways, by demanding that companies develop formal mechanisms that allow companies and stakeholders to discuss and in some cases agree on changes to principles and policies. This perspective suggests that regulation is an outcome of power relations and (...)
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  49.  5
    It is all about integrity, stupid: studies on, about or inspired by the work of Leo Huberts.Gjalt de Graaf (ed.) - 2019 - The Hague, the Netherlands: Eleven International Publishing.
    This book contains 26 studies on the integrity of governance, by scholars from around the world. The studies are on, about or inspired by Leo Huberts, the famous integrity scholar.
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  50.  35
    Response to Open Peer Commentaries on “What is The Best Standard for the Standard of Care in Clinical Research?”.Rieke van der Graaf & Johannes J. M. van Delden - 2009 - American Journal of Bioethics 9 (6-7):7-8.
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