Results for 'Riekeder Graaf'

97 found
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  1.  38
    Clarifying Appeals to Dignity in Medical Ethics From an Historical Perspective.Riekeder Graaf & Johannes Jmdelden - 2009 - Bioethics 23 (3):151-160.
    Over the past few decades the concept of (human) dignity has deeply pervaded medical ethics. Appeals to dignity, however, are often unclear. As a result some prefer to eliminate the concept from medical ethics, whereas others try to render it useful in this context. We think that appeals to dignity in medical ethics can be clarified by considering the concept from an historical perspective. Firstly, on the basis of historical texts we propose a framework for defining the concept in medical (...)
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  2.  32
    On Using People Merely as a Means in Clinical Research.Riekeder Graaf & Johannes J. M. Delden - forthcoming - Bioethics.
    It is often argued that clinical research should not violate the Kantian principle that people must not be used merely as a means for the purposes of others. At first sight, the practice of clinical research itself, however, seems to violate precisely this principle: clinical research is often beneficial to future people rather than to participants; even if participants benefit, all things considered, they are exposed to discomforts which are absent both in regular care for their diseases and in other (...)
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  3.  57
    On Using People Merely as a Means in Clinical Research.Rieke van der Graaf & Johannes J. M. van Delden - 2012 - Bioethics 26 (2):76-83.
    It is often argued that clinical research should not violate the Kantian principle that people must not be used merely as a means for the purposes of others. At first sight, the practice of clinical research itself, however, seems to violate precisely this principle: clinical research is often beneficial to future people rather than to participants; even if participants benefit, all things considered, they are exposed to discomforts which are absent both in regular care for their diseases and in other (...)
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  4.  5
    Ethics and Behavioural Theory: How Do Professionals Assess Their Mental Models?Frank Graaf - 2019 - Journal of Business Ethics 157 (4):933-947.
    The role and ethics of professionals in business and economics have been questioned, especially after the financial crisis of 2008. Some suggest a reorientation using concepts such as craftsmanship. In this article, I will explore professional practices within the context of behavioural theory and business ethics. I suggest that scholars of behavioural theory need a strategy to deal with normative questions to meet their ambition of practical relevance. Evidence-based management, a recent behavioural approach, may assist business ethics scholars in understanding (...)
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  5. Tractable Morality.Gjalt de Graaf - 2005 - Journal of Business Ethics 60 (1):1-15.
    This article discusses five propositions about managerial moral tractability -- that is, a morality that is amenable to the complexity of managers’ continual pressure to decide and act -- in their customer relations. The propositions come from the comparison of three case studies of different types of managers. To analyze the morality of managers, discursive practices of managers are studied. At the end of the article also some consideration is given to “information strategies” of managers, in relation to their tractable (...)
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  6.  7
    Long-Term Evaluation of a Social Robot in Real Homes.Maartje M. A. de Graaf, Somaya Ben Allouch & Jan A. G. M. van Dijk - 2016 - Interaction Studies. Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systemsinteraction Studies / Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systemsinteraction Studies 17 (3):461-490.
    This study aims to contribute to emerging human-robot interaction research by adding longitudinal findings to a limited number of long-term social robotics home studies. We placed 70 robots in users’ homes for a period of up to six months, and used questionnaires and interviews to collect data at six points during this period. Results indicate that users’ evaluations of the robot dropped initially, but later rose after the robot had been used for a longer period of time. This is congruent (...)
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  7.  39
    The Autonomy of the Contracting Partners: An Argument for Heuristic Contractarian Business Ethics. [REVIEW]Gjalt de Graaf - 2006 - Journal of Business Ethics 68 (3):347-361.
    Due to the domain characteristics of business ethics, a contractarian theory for business ethics will need to be essentially different from the contract model as it is applied to other domains. Much of the current criticism of contractarian business ethics (CBE) can be traced back to autonomy, one of its three boundary conditions. After explaining why autonomy is so important, this article considers the notion carefully vis à vis the contracting partners in the contractarian approaches in business ethics. Autonomy is (...)
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  8.  16
    Toward a “Post-Posthuman Dignity Area” in Evaluating Emerging Enhancement Technologies.Annelien L. Bredenoord, Rieke van der Graaf & Johannes Jm van Delden - 2010 - American Journal of Bioethics 10 (7):55-57.
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  9.  28
    Using Brain Stimulation to Disentangle Neural Correlates of Conscious Vision.Tom A. de Graaf & Alexander T. Sack - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  10.  16
    Discourse and Descriptive Business Ethics.Gjalt de Graaf - 2006 - Business Ethics, the Environment and Responsibility 15 (3):246-258.
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  11.  18
    Ethics and Behavioural Theory: How Do Professionals Assess Their Mental Models?Frank Jan de Graaf - 2019 - Journal of Business Ethics 157 (4):933-947.
    The role and ethics of professionals in business and economics have been questioned, especially after the financial crisis of 2008. Some suggest a reorientation using concepts such as craftsmanship. In this article, I will explore professional practices within the context of behavioural theory and business ethics. I suggest that scholars of behavioural theory need a strategy to deal with normative questions to meet their ambition of practical relevance. Evidence-based management, a recent behavioural approach, may assist business ethics scholars in understanding (...)
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  12.  23
    Discourse Theory and Business Ethics. The Case of Bankers' Conceptualizations of Customers.Gjalt de Graaf - 2001 - Journal of Business Ethics 31 (4):299-319.
    Within discourse theory, language is seen as constitutive of reality. Furthermore, facts and values are viewed as inseparable. This has consequences for business ethics. In this paper the relationship between discourse theory and business ethics is discussed. Both the descriptive and prescriptive aspects of business ethics are taken into account. Furthermore, an example of an empirical study is presented. A discourse analysis is conducted to answer the questions of how bankers in Holland conceptualize and thus treat their customers and whether (...)
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  13.  33
    How Corporate Social Performance is Institutionalised Within the Governance Structure.Frank J. de Graaf & Cor A. J. Herkströter - 2007 - Journal of Business Ethics 74 (2):177-189.
    Since Ackerman in Corporate social responsiveness, the modern dilemma (1973), pleaded for the institutionalisation of corporate social performance (CSP) in business processes, researchers have focused on the role of strategy in CSP. This article demonstrates that CSP is institutionalised within the governance structure. We will attempt to make this clear by means of a description of the Dutch system of corporate governance. Under certain circumstances Dutch companies are already bound to CSP due to prevailing legislation. A governance perspective shows that (...)
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  14.  35
    TMS Effects on Subjective and Objective Measures of Vision: Stimulation Intensity and Pre- Versus Post-Stimulus Masking.Tom A. de Graaf, Sonja Cornelsen, Christianne Jacobs & Alexander T. Sack - 2011 - Consciousness and Cognition 20 (4):1244-1255.
    Transcranial magnetic stimulation can be used to mask visual stimuli, disrupting visual task performance or preventing visual awareness. While TMS masking studies generally fix stimulation intensity, we hypothesized that varying the intensity of TMS pulses in a masking paradigm might inform several ongoing debates concerning TMS disruption of vision as measured subjectively versus objectively, and pre-stimulus versus post-stimulus TMS masking. We here show that both pre-stimulus TMS pulses and post-stimulus TMS pulses could strongly mask visual stimuli. We found no dissociations (...)
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  15.  56
    Discourse and Descriptive Business Ethics.Gjalt de Graaf - 2006 - Business Ethics, the Environment and Responsibility 15 (3):246–258.
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  16.  16
    Graaf Karl Johann Philipp Cobenzl en de Europese educatieve ruimte. Of de internationale opvoedingsstrategie van een Oostenrijkse diplomaat in Brussel.Dirk Leyder & Frédérique Johan - 2011 - Revue Belge de Philologie Et D’Histoire 89 (1):455-490.
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  17.  32
    Vulnerability of Pregnant Women in Clinical Research.Indira S. E. Van der Zande, Rieke van der Graaf, Martijn A. Oudijk & Johannes J. M. Van Delden - 2017 - Journal of Medical Ethics 43 (10):657-663.
    Background Notwithstanding the need to produce evidence-based knowledge on medications for pregnant women, they remain underrepresented in clinical research. Sometimes they are excluded because of their supposed vulnerability, but there are no universally accepted criteria for considering pregnant women as vulnerable. Our aim was to explore whether and if so to what extent pregnant women are vulnerable as research subjects. Method We performed a conceptual and empirical analysis of vulnerability applied to pregnant women. Analysis A conceptual analysis supports Hurst's definition (...)
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  18.  10
    How the CIOMS Guidelines Contribute to Fair Inclusion of Pregnant Women in Research.Rieke van der Graaf, Indira S. E. van der Zande & Johannes J. M. van Delden - 2019 - Bioethics 33 (3):377-383.
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  19.  40
    Clarifying Appeals to Dignity in Medical Ethics From an Historical Perspective.Rieke van der Graaf & Johannes Jm van Delden - 2009 - Bioethics 23 (3):151-160.
  20.  10
    Language Intensity as a Sensationalistic News Feature: The Influence of Style on Sensationalism Perceptions and Effects.Anneke de Graaf & Christian Burgers - 2013 - Communications 38 (2):167-188.
    This article extends the definition of sensationalism to print media by arguing that language intensifiers may be an aspect of sensationalism. In addition, this paper investigates if an indirect effect can be established by which sensationalistic message features influence news reception through the perception of sensationalism. Two between-subjects experiments show that sensationalistic message features like intensifiers increase perceived language intensity. In experiment 1, intensifiers had a negative effect on news article appreciation, which was not influenced by PLI. Experiment 2 revealed (...)
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  21.  32
    What is the Best Standard for the Standard of Care in Clinical Research?Rieke van der Graaf & Johannes J. M. van Delden - 2009 - American Journal of Bioethics 9 (3):35 – 43.
    During the past decennium, one of the main issues discussed in research ethics has been focused on the care that should be provided to the control group in a clinical trial. This discussion is also called the standard of care debate . Current international research ethics guidelines contain a wide variety of standards for the standard of care—including the provision of the highest attainable, the best available, the best current, a proven , and an established effective treatment. In this article, (...)
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  22.  1
    CSR as Value Attunement Within Governance Processes: Stakeholder Dialogue, Corporate Principles and Regulation.Frank Jan de Graaf - 2016 - Business and Society Review 121 (3):365-390.
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  23.  13
    How the CIOMS Guidelines Contribute to Fair Inclusion of Pregnant Women in Research.Rieke van der Graaf, Indira S. E. Van der Zande & Johannes J. M. Van Delden - forthcoming - Bioethics.
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  24.  28
    Experimenting with Chymical Bodies: Reinier de Graaf's Investigations of the Pancreas.Evan Ragland - 2008 - Early Science and Medicine 13 (6):615-664.
    In the late seventeenth century, traditions in anatomy and chymistry came together to ground new theoretical and experimental approaches to understanding the animal body. The researches of Dutch experimenters Reinier de Graaf and his mentor Franciscus Sylvius provide keen insight into the ways experiments were constructed, negotiated, and thought about by leading anatomists and physicians of the time. The objects and approaches de Graaf used in the laboratory—ligature, inflation, injection, tubes, vessels, tasting—were derived from broadly Harveian anatomical and (...)
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  25.  24
    The Social Value of Pragmatic Trials.Shona Kalkman, Ghislaine van Thiel, Rieke van der Graaf, Mira Zuidgeest, Iris Goetz, Diederick Grobbee & Johannes van Delden - 2017 - Bioethics 31 (2):136-143.
    Pragmatic trials aim to directly inform health care decision-making through the collection of so-called ‘real world data’ from observations of comparative treatment effects in clinical practice. In order to ensure the applicability and feasibility of a pragmatic trial, design features may be necessary that deviate from standard research ethics requirements. Examples are traditional requirements to seek written informed consent and to perform extensive data and safety monitoring. Proposals for deviations from standard research ethics practice have resulted in controversy about their (...)
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  26.  3
    Oscillatory Correlates of Visual Consciousness.Stefano Gallotto, Alexander T. Sack, Teresa Schuhmann & Tom A. de Graaf - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  27.  8
    Die Gewalt: Kritik ihrer Rechtfertigung·~.Johannes de Graaf - 1971 - Zeitschrift Für Evangelische Ethik 15 (1):129-141.
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  28.  19
    How and When Does Consent Bias Research?R. H. H. Groenwold, R. van der Graaf & J. J. M. van Delden - 2013 - American Journal of Bioethics 13 (4):46 - 48.
  29.  7
    Corporate Social Responsibility and Aging Workforces: An Explorative Study of Corporate Social Responsibility Implementation in Small- and Medium-Sized Enterprises.Franz Josef Gellert & Frank Jan de Graaf - 2012 - Business Ethics: A European Review 21 (4):353-363.
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  30.  8
    Corporate Social Responsibility and Aging Workforces: An Explorative Study of Corporate Social Responsibility Implementation in Small- and Medium-Sized Enterprises.Franz Josef Gellert & Frank Jan Graaf - 2012 - Business Ethics, the Environment and Responsibility 21 (4):353-363.
    Although critical differences exist between large companies and small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), limited empirical research has been done on human resource (HR)-related corporate social responsibility (CSR). In this paper we study aging workforce management (AWM) as a component of CSR. Our study was conducted in the Netherlands through a randomly distributed online questionnaire. Managers and team leaders of 201 SMEs responded. The data were analyzed using multiple hierarchical regression analysis. Our results are twofold: first, findings suggest that CSR policies (...)
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  31.  6
    What Constitutes a Reasonable Compensation for Non-Commercial Oocyte Donors: An Analogy with Living Organ Donation and Medical Research Participation.Emy Kool, Rieke van der Graaf, Annelies Bos, Bartholomeus Fauser & Annelien Bredenoord - 2019 - Journal of Medical Ethics 45 (11):736-741.
    There is a growing consensus that the offer of a reasonable compensation for oocyte donation for reproductive treatment is acceptable if it does not compromise voluntary and altruistically motivated donation. However, how to translate this ‘reasonable compensation’ in practice remains unclear as compensation rates offered to oocyte donors between different European Union countries vary significantly. Clinics involved in oocyte donation, as well as those in other medical contexts, might be encouraged in calculating a more consistent and transparent compensation for donors (...)
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  32.  18
    Response to Open Peer Commentaries on “What is The Best Standard for the Standard of Care in Clinical Research?”.Rieke van der Graaf & Johannes J. M. van Delden - 2009 - American Journal of Bioethics 9 (6-7):7-8.
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  33.  17
    Conflating Scientific With Clinical Considerations.Rieke van der Graaf & Johannes J. M. van Delden - 2009 - American Journal of Bioethics 9 (9):58-59.
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  34. Cockles and Mussels at Eastern Scheldt.Jan de Graaf - 1993 - Topos 3:85-92.
     
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  35.  4
    Marxismus und Moral in der sowjetrussischen Literatur.J. De Graaf - 1957 - Zeitschrift Für Evangelische Ethik 1 (1):219-227.
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  36. Tegen academische reservaten. Pleidooi voor een ‘leesbare’ rechtsfilosofie.Niels Graaf - 2019 - Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy 48 (2):161-164.
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  37.  3
    Adapting Clinical Guidelines in Low-Resources Countries: A Study on the Guideline on the Management and Prevention of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in Indonesia.Indah S. Widyahening, Grace Wangge, Yolanda van der Graaf & Geert J. M. G. van der Heijden - 2017 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 23 (1):121-127.
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  38.  9
    Differences in Actual Persuasiveness Between Experiential and Professional Expert Evidence.Christian Burgers, Anneke de Graaf & Sabine Callaars - 2012 - Journal of Argumentation in Context 1 (2):194-208.
    This study investigates the persuasiveness of different types of expert evidence. Following Wagemans, two types of experts were distinguished that can be used in expert evidence: experiential experts and professional experts. In a between-subjects experiment, these different types of experts were included in a news report on a political issue. Results indicate that the perceived expertise and persuasiveness of professional experts was higher than that of experiential experts. Perceived expertise completely mediated the effects of the different types of expert evidence (...)
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  39.  8
    Literatur.C. G. Schweitzer, J. de Graaf, Siegfried Wendt & Christine Bourbeck - 1959 - Zeitschrift Für Evangelische Ethik 3 (1):54-61.
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  40.  7
    The Ethos of Business Students.Jelle Baardewijk & Gjalt Graaf - 2021 - Business Ethics: A European Review 30 (2):188-201.
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  41. Constituting Corporate Responsibility, Corporate Governance and the Assessment of Corporate Social Performance.Frank Jan de Graaf - 2003 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 14:116-124.
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  42.  14
    Willem I Graaf van Holland en de Hollandse hoogheemraadschappen. S. J. Fockema Andreae.Dirk Jellema - 1957 - Speculum 32 (2):367-368.
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  43.  12
    De overlijdensdatum van graaf Arnulf van Valenciennes.G. Koch-De Meyer - 1951 - Revue Belge de Philologie Et D’Histoire 29 (1):139-142.
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  44.  43
    Propaganda Architecture: Interview with Rem Koolhaas and Reinier de Graaf.David I. Cunningham & Jon Goodbun - 2009 - Radical Philosophy 154:35-47.
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  45.  12
    Vulnerability of Pregnant Women in Clinical Research.Indira S. E. van der Zande, Rieke van der Graaf, Martijn A. Oudijk & Johannes J. M. van Delden - 2017 - Journal of Medical Ethics 43 (10):657-663.
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  46.  14
    The Role of Dimensions of Narrative Engagement in Narrative Persuasion.Hans Beentjes, José Sanders, Hans Hoeken & Anneke de Graaf - 2009 - Communications 34 (4):385-405.
    Several models of narrative persuasion posit that a reader's phenomenological experience of a narrative plays a mediating role in the persuasive effects of the narrative. Because the narrative reading experience is multi-dimensional, this experiment investigates which dimensions of this experience – referred to here as narrative engagement – mediate between reading a story and the persuasive effects of the story. Narrative engagement was manipulated by giving participants a selection task to carry out while reading or by adding language errors to (...)
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  47.  8
    An End to Evil: An Eschatological Approach to Security.Beatrice de Graaf - 2016 - Philosophia Reformata 81 (1):70-88.
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  48.  5
    CSR Processes in Governance Systems and Structures: The Development of Mental Modes of CSR.Frank Jan de Graaf - 2019 - Business and Society Review 124 (4):431-448.
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  49.  16
    Corporate Social Performance and the Governance Structure: Stakeholder Influence and the Deregulation of Dutch Finance.Frank Jan de Graaf - 2005 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 16:225-229.
    This paper demonstrates the role of the governance system and the governance structure in corporate social performance (CSP). By building on a longitudinal study in Dutch finance, it extends the CSP-model of Wood. The extension enables us to study the impact of the institutional environment and the characteristics of a governance structure on CSP. Furthermore, the study confirms Wood’s assumption that anticipating managers are critical in CSP. However, if stakeholders desire structural influence, the governance structure and the governance system offer (...)
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  50.  12
    Die Ethik Schischkins: Ethik als Theorie der Moral in der Sowjetunion.Johannes de Graaf - 1973 - Zeitschrift Für Evangelische Ethik 17 (1):270-284.
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