Results for 'Rob A. van Der Sandt'

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  1. Presupposition Projection as Anaphora Resolution.Rob A. van Der Sandt - 1992 - Journal of Semantics 9 (4):333-377.
    The present paper presents an anaphoric account of presupposition. It is argued that presuppositional expressions should not be seen as referring expressions, nor is presupposition to be explicated in terms of some non-standard logic. The notion of presupposition should not be relegated to a pragmatic theory either. Instead presuppositional expressions are claimed to be anaphoric expressions which have internal structure and semantic content. In fact they only differ from pronouns and other semantically less loaded anaphors in that they have more (...)
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  2. Presupposition and Discourse Structure.Rob A. Van der Sandt - 1989 - In Renate Bartsch, J. F. A. K. van Benthem & P. van Emde Boas (eds.), Semantics and Contextual Expression. Foris Publications.
  3. Denial and Correction in Layered Drt.Rob van der Sandt - unknown
    The central characteristic of denials is that they perform a non-monotonic correction operation on discourse structure. A second characteristic is that they may be used to object to various kinds of information including presuppositions and implicatures. In this paper we first use standard DRT to capture these features, implement an earlier proposal of van der Sandt in DRT and point out a shortcoming of that approach. We then adopt Layered DRT. LDRT is an extension of standard DRT designed to (...)
     
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  4. Denial and Correction in Layered DRT.Emar Maier & Rob van der Sandt - 2003 - In Proceedings of Diabruck'03. pp. 1-10.
    The central characteristic of denials is that they perform a non-monotonic correction operation on discourse structure. A second characteristic is that they may be used to object to various kinds of information including presuppositions and implicatures. In this paper we first use standard DRT to capture these features, implement an earlier proposal of van der Sandt (1991) in DRT and point out a shortcoming of that approach. We then adopt Layered DRT. LDRT is an extension of standard DRT designed (...)
     
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  5. Denials in Discourse.Rob van der Sandt & Emar Maier - manuscript
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  6. R01: A Van der Sandt and Henk Zebvat.Walter Kasper & Henk Zeevat - 1992 - Journal of Semantics 9 (4):285.
     
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  7. Against Accommodation: Heim, van der Sandt, and the Presupposition Projection Problem.Christopher Gauker - 2008 - Philosophical Perspectives 22 (1):171 - 205.
    This paper criticizes the dominant approaches to presupposition projection and proposes an alternative. Both the update semantics of Heim and the discourse representation theory of van der Sandt have problems in explicating the presuppositions of disjunctions. Moreover, Heim's approach is committed to a conception of accommodation that founders on the problem of informative presuppositions, and van der Sandt's approach is committed to a conception of accommodation that generates over-interpretations of utterances. The present approach borrows Karttunen's idea that instead (...)
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  8.  5
    Editorial Introduction.Henk Zeevat & Rob van der Sandt - 1992 - Journal of Semantics 9 (3):179-181.
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  9. Focus and Natural Language Processing.Peter Bosch & Rob van der Sandt (eds.) - 1995 - Ibm Deutschland.
  10.  54
    Editorial Introduction.Henk Zeevat & Rob van Der Sandt - 1992 - Journal of Semantics 9 (4):287-288.
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  11.  89
    Interpreting Focus: Presupposed or Expressive Meanings? A Comment on Geurts and Van der Sandt.Angelika Kratzer - 2004 - Theoretical Linguistics 30:123--136.
    The BPR assumes that we already know how sentences are partitioned into focused and backgrounded material, and this is quite legitimate, given the literature on the topic , von Stechow ). If the BPR was true, no more would have to be said about the meaning of focus. The behavior of whatever inferences are generated by backgrounding could be taken care of by theories dealing with the projection of presuppositions of the familiar kind, the presuppositions of definite descriptions, clefts, or (...)
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  12.  43
    Autonomous Decision Making and Moral Capacities.Albine Moser, Rob Houtepen, Harry van der Bruggen, Cor Spreeuwenberg & Guy Widdershoven - 2009 - Nursing Ethics 16 (2):203-218.
    This article examines how people with type 2 diabetes perceive autonomous decision making and which moral capacities they consider important in diabetes nurses' support of autonomous decision making. Fifteen older adults with type 2 diabetes were interviewed in a nurse-led unit. First, the data were analysed using the grounded theory method. The participants described a variety of decision-making processes in the nurse and family care-giver context. Later, descriptions of the decision-making processes were analysed using hermeneutic text interpretation. We suggest first- (...)
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  13.  36
    Reducing Normative Bias in Health Technology Assessment: Interactive Evaluation and Casuistry.Rob P. B. Reuzel, Gert-Jan van Der Wilt, Henk A. M. J. ten Have & Pieter F. de Vries Robbé - 1999 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 2 (3):255-263.
    Health technology assessment (HTA) is often biased in the sense that it neglects relevant perspectives on the technology in question. To incorporate different perspectives in HTA, we should pursue agreement about what are relevant, plausible, and feasible research questions; interactive technology assessment (iTA) might be suitable for this goal. In this way a kind of procedural ethics is established. Currently, ethics too often is focussed on the application of general principles, which leaves a lot of confusion as to what really (...)
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  14.  62
    The Ethics of Assessing Health Technologies.Gert Jan van der Wilt, Rob Reuzel & H. David Banta - 2000 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 21 (1):101-113.
    Health technology assessment consists of thesystematic study of the consequences of theintroduction or continued use of the technology in aparticular context, with the explicit objective toarrive at a judgment of the value or merit of thetechnology. Ideally, it is aimed at assessing allaspects of a given technology or group oftechnologies, including non-technical, e.g.socio-ethical, aspects. However, methods for assessingsocio-ethical implications of health technology arerelatively undeveloped and few mechanisms exist totake action based on the results of such evaluations.Still, the examples of cochlear (...)
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  15.  9
    Applicability of the Ottawa Ankle Rules in Primary Care: Results From a Pilot Study.Philip J. van der Wees, Erik J. M. Hendriks, Vivian Bruls, Joost Dekker & Rob A. de Bie - 2011 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 17 (6):1246-1248.
  16.  8
    Bookreviews.Arie van der Kooij, Archibald L. H. M. Van Wieringen, Joke H. A. Brinkhof, Walter Van Herck, Rob Faesen, Marc Lindeijer, Joris Geldhof, Koenraad Verrycken, Erik Meganck, Leni Franken, Péter Losonczi & Frank G. Bosman - 2010 - Bijdragen 71 (1):96-108.
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  17.  23
    The Ventral Stream Offers More Affordance and the Dorsal Stream More Memory Than Believed.Albert Postma, Rob van der Lubbe & Sander Zuidhoek - 2001 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (1):115-116.
    Opposed to Norman's proposal, processing of affordance is likely to occur not solely in the dorsal stream but also in the ventral stream. Moreover, the dorsal stream might do more than just serve an important role in motor actions. It supports egocentric location coding as well. As such, it would possess a form of representational memory, contrary to Norman's proposal.
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  18.  50
    A View From the Netherlands: Ethics as Interactive Evaluation.Rob Reuzel, Gert Jan Van der Wilt, Pieter de Vries Robbé & Henk ten Have - 2001 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 10 (1):110-114.
    From 1991 to 1994 the Dutch Health Insurance Council financed research on Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation (ECMO). This is a technique for providing cardiopulmonary bypass to patients with pulmonary and/or cardiac failure. Most often, these patients are premature neonates. During ECMO, blood is drained from the right atrium, pumped along a membrane where gas exchange takes place, and then redirected to the aorta. To prevent blood clotting, heparin is added. However, with the heparin added, the risk of hemorrhage is considerably increased. (...)
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  19.  6
    A View From the Netherlands: Ethics as Interactive Evaluation.Rob Reuzel, Gert Jan van Der Wilt, Pieter Vries Robbdeé & Henk ten Have - 2001 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 10 (1):110-114.
    From 1991 to 1994 the Dutch Health Insurance Council financed research on Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation . This is a technique for providing cardiopulmonary bypass to patients with pulmonary and/or cardiac failure. Most often, these patients are premature neonates. During ECMO, blood is drained from the right atrium, pumped along a membrane where gas exchange takes place, and then redirected to the aorta. To prevent blood clotting, heparin is added. However, with the heparin added, the risk of hemorrhage is considerably increased. (...)
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  20. A Philosophical Perspective on Visualization for Digital Humanities.Hein Van Den Berg, Arianna Betti, Thom Castermans, Rob Koopman, Bettina Speckmann, K. A. B. Verbeek, Titia Van der Werf, Shenghui Wang & Michel A. Westenberg - 2018 - 3rd Workshop on Visualization for the Digital Humanities.
    In this position paper, we describe a number of methodological and philosophical challenges that arose within our interdisciplinary Digital Humanities project CatVis, which is a collaboration between applied geometric algorithms and visualization researchers, data scientists working at OCLC, and philosophers who have a strong interest in the methodological foundations of visualization research. The challenges we describe concern aspects of one single epistemic need: that of methodologically securing (an increase in) trust in visualizations. We discuss the lack of ground truths in (...)
     
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  21.  18
    Participatory Workshops Are Not Enough to Prevent Policy Implementation Failures: An Example of a Policy Development Process Concerning the Drug Interferon-Beta for Multiple Sclerosis. [REVIEW]Margriet Moret-Hartman, Rob Reuzel, John Grin & Gert Jan van der Wilt - 2008 - Health Care Analysis 16 (2):161-175.
    A possible explanation for policy implementation failure is that the views of the policy’s target groups are insufficiently taken into account during policy development. It has been argued that involving these groups in an interactive process of policy development could improve this. We analysed a project in which several target populations participated in workshops aimed to optimise the utilisation of an expensive novel drug (interferon beta) for patients with Multiple Sclerosis. All participants seemed to agree on the appropriateness of establishing (...)
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  22.  18
    Boekbesprekingen.J. T. A. G. M. van Ruiten, P. C. Beentjes, Archibald L. H. M. van Wieringen, Martijn Schrama, Reimund Bieringer, G. J. M. Bartelink, Liuwe H. Westra, Rob Meens, Th Bell, Marcel Sarot, A. J. M. van der Helm, R. G. W. Huysmans, Ko Joosse, Jan Visser, Ben Vedder, Luc Anckaert, H. J. Adriaanse, Lourens Minnema, Arie L. Molendijk, C. Bakker & A. H. C. van Eijk - 1997 - Bijdragen 58 (4):447-483.
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  23.  16
    Van der Leeuw En Noordmans Oor Teologie: Abstract Godsdienswetenskaplike Agtergronde van Die Gesprek.A. Geyser & P. J. Van der Merwe - 1997 - Hts Theological Studies 53 (1/2).
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  24. Trauma and Memory. In van der Kolk BA, McFarlane AC and Weisaeth L (Eds) Traumatic Stress-The Effects of Overwhelming Experience on Mind.Bessel A. Van der Kolk - forthcoming - Body and Society. New York: The Guilford Press.
     
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  25.  80
    Phenomenal Characteristics Associated with Projecting Oneself Back Into the Past and Forward Into the Future: Influence of Valence and Temporal Distance.A. D'Argembeau & Martial van der Linden - 2004 - Consciousness and Cognition 13 (4):844-858.
    As humans, we frequently engage in mental time travel, reliving past experiences and imagining possible future events. This study examined whether similar factors affect the subjective experience associated with remembering the past and imagining the future. Participants mentally “re-experienced” or “pre-experienced” positive and negative events that differed in their temporal distance from the present , and then rated the phenomenal characteristics associated with their representations. For both past and future, representations of positive events were associated with a greater feeling of (...)
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  26.  15
    Beyond Market, Firm, and State: Mapping the Ethics of Global Value Chains.Abraham A. Singer & Hamish van der Ven - 2019 - Business and Society Review 124 (3):325-343.
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  27.  4
    A Usability Study of a Serious Game in Cognitive Rehabilitation: A Compensatory Navigation Training in Acquired Brain Injury Patients.Milan N. A. Van der Kuil, Johanna M. A. Visser-Meily, Andrea W. M. Evers & Ineke J. M. Van der Ham - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  28.  41
    Effects of Processing Style on Responsiveness to Affective Stimuli and Processing Fluency.Koen A. Dijkstra, Joop van der Pligt & Gerben A. van Kleef - 2014 - Cognition and Emotion 28 (6):959-970.
  29. De dynamiek van de religie.A. Whitehead & J. Van der Veken - 1989 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 51 (4):735-736.
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  30.  1
    Inter-Religious Dialogue in Schools: A Pedagogical and Civic Unavoidability.A. Abdool, J. L. Van der Walt & C. Wolhuter - 2007 - Hts Theological Studies 63 (2).
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  31.  10
    Corporate Governance in South Africa.G. J. Rossouw, A. Van der Watt & D. P. Malan - 2002 - Journal of Business Ethics 37 (3):289 - 302.
    The King Report on Corporate Governance (1994) evoked unprecedented interest in corporate governance in South Africa. This does not mean that corporate governance was not an issue of concern before the release of this historical report. To the contrary, corporate governance in its broader sense has been at stake since the inception of the first publicly owned companies in South Africa. This article intends to give an overview of corporate governance in South Africa. It starts by making a distinction between (...)
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  32.  4
    On the Education About/of Radical Embodied Cognition.John van der Kamp, Rob Withagen & Dominic Orth - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
  33.  15
    Technical Innovation and the Universities: Divisions of Labour in Cosmopolitan Technical Regimes.C. Disco, A. Rip & B. van der Meulen - 1992 - Social Science Information 31 (3):465-507.
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  34.  7
    The Effect of Horizontal Eye Movements on Free Recall: A Preregistered Adversarial Collaboration.Dora Matzke, Sander Nieuwenhuis, Hedderik van Rijn, Heleen A. Slagter, Maurits W. van der Molen & Eric-Jan Wagenmakers - 2015 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 144 (1):e1-e15.
  35.  2
    The Relation Between Health and Earnings in Self-Employment.Jolanda Hessels, Cornelius A. Rietveld & Peter van der Zwan - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  36.  9
    The Road From Vienna to Lvov. Twardowski's Theory of Judgement Between 1894 and 1897.A. Betti & M. A. Van der Schaar - 2004 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 67:1-20.
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  37.  31
    Parallel, Embedded or Just Part of the Team: Ethicists Cooperating Within a European Security Research Project.A. van Gorp & S. van der Molen - 2011 - Science and Engineering Ethics 17 (1):31-43.
    Different methods have been developed to address ethical issues during research. Most of these methods were developed at universities. In this article ethical parallel research within a Research and Technology Organization is described. Within a European project about perceived security, CPSI, the ethical issues were identified by ethicists cooperating in the project. The project CPSI was aimed at developing a research method that can be used by (local) government to monitor or assess perceived and actual security. Together with the researchers (...)
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  38.  5
    A Qualitative Study on Experiences and Perspectives of Members of a Dutch Medical Research Ethics Committee.Rien M. J. P. A. Janssens, Wieke E. van der Borg, Maartje Ridder, Mariëlle Diepeveen, Benjamin Drukarch & Guy A. M. Widdershoven - 2020 - HEC Forum 32 (1):63-75.
    The aim of this research was to gain insight into the experiences and perspectives of individual members of a Medical Research Ethics Committee regarding their individual roles and possible tensions within and between these roles. We conducted a qualitative interview study among members of a large MREC, supplemented by a focus group meeting. Respondents distinguish five roles: protector, facilitator, educator, advisor and assessor. Central to the role of protector is securing valid informed consent and a proper risk-benefit analysis. The role (...)
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  39.  31
    Vulnerability of Pregnant Women in Clinical Research.Indira S. E. Van der Zande, Rieke van der Graaf, Martijn A. Oudijk & Johannes J. M. Van Delden - 2017 - Journal of Medical Ethics 43 (10):657-663.
    Background Notwithstanding the need to produce evidence-based knowledge on medications for pregnant women, they remain underrepresented in clinical research. Sometimes they are excluded because of their supposed vulnerability, but there are no universally accepted criteria for considering pregnant women as vulnerable. Our aim was to explore whether and if so to what extent pregnant women are vulnerable as research subjects. Method We performed a conceptual and empirical analysis of vulnerability applied to pregnant women. Analysis A conceptual analysis supports Hurst's definition (...)
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  40.  12
    A. van der Rijst, Curiositas wordt wetenschap. Onderzoek naar de verandering in het wetenschapsbegrip van de 11e tot en met de 15e eeuw en de consequenties voor de hedendaagse wetenschap. ISBN 9090137661. [REVIEW]G. Groenewoud - 2003 - Philosophia Reformata 68 (2):175-177.
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  41.  21
    Multi-Asperity Contact: A Comparison Between Discrete Dislocation and Crystal Plasticity Predictions.L. Nicola, A. F. Bower, K. -S. Kim, A. Needleman & E. Van der Giessen - 2008 - Philosophical Magazine 88 (30-32):3713-3729.
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  42.  32
    Arend, A. Van der and Gastmans, C.: 1997, Ethisch Zorg Verlenen. Handboek Voor de Verpleegkundige Beroepen. (Giving Ethical Care. A Handbook for the Nursing Professions). [REVIEW]Herman Hendriks - 1998 - Medicine, Healthcare and Philosophy 1 (3):287-302.
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  43.  5
    Arend, A. Van der and Gastmans, C.: 1997, Ethisch Zorg Verlenen. Handboek Voor de Verpleegkundige Beroepen.Herman Hendriks - 1998 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 1 (3):287-302.
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  44.  36
    A Theory of Visual Stability Across Saccadic Eye Movements.Bruce Bridgeman, A. H. C. Van der Heijden & Boris M. Velichkovsky - 1994 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 17 (2):247-258.
  45.  64
    “Here’s My Dilemma”. Moral Case Deliberation as a Platform for Discussing Everyday Ethics in Elderly Care.S. van der Dam, T. A. Abma, M. J. M. Kardol & G. A. M. Widdershoven - 2012 - Health Care Analysis 20 (3):250-267.
    Our study presents an overview of the issues that were brought forward by participants of a moral case deliberation (MCD) project in two elderly care organizations. The overview was inductively derived from all case descriptions (N = 202) provided by participants of seven mixed MCD groups, consisting of care providers from various professional backgrounds, from nursing assistant to physician. The MCD groups were part of a larger MCD project within two care institutions (residential homes and nursing homes). Care providers are (...)
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  46. A General Approach to Treatment of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder. In van der Kolk BA, McFarlane AC, Weisaeth L (Eds), Traumatic Stress: The Effects of Overwhelming Experience on Mind.B. A. van der Kolk - 1996 - Body and Society. New York, Guilford Press 417.
     
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  47. Arend, A. Van der & Gastmans, C.: 1997. Ethische Zorg Ver-Lenen. Handboek Voor de Verpleegkundige Beroepen. Baarn, Uitgeverij Intro, 207 Pages. ISBN: 90-5574-133-7. Price: NLG 39.90. Assmann, A. & Assmann, J.(Eds.): 1997. Schleier Und. [REVIEW]Geschichte der Lebensreform um die Jahrhundertwende - 1998 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 1:87-88.
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  48.  23
    EEG Resting State Functional Connectivity in Adult Dyslexics Using Phase Lag Index and Graph Analysis.Gorka Fraga González, Dirk J. A. Smit, Melle J. W. van der Molen, Jurgen Tijms, Cornelis Jan Stam, Eco J. C. de Geus & Maurits W. van der Molen - 2018 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 12.
  49.  17
    Does Moral Case Deliberation Help Professionals in Care for the Homeless in Dealing with Their Dilemmas? A Mixed-Methods Responsive Study.R. P. Spijkerboer, J. C. Van der Stel, G. A. M. Widdershoven & A. C. Molewijk - 2017 - HEC Forum 29 (1):21-41.
    Health care professionals often face moral dilemmas. Not dealing constructively with moral dilemmas can cause moral distress and can negatively affect the quality of care. Little research has been documented with methodologies meant to support professionals in care for the homeless in dealing with their dilemmas. Moral case deliberation is a method for systematic reflection on moral dilemmas and is increasingly being used as ethics support for professionals in various health-care domains. This study deals with the question: What is the (...)
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  50.  17
    Ethics Support in Institutional Elderly Care: A Review of the Literature. [REVIEW]Sandra van der Dam, Bert Molewijk, Guy A. M. Widdershoven & Tineke A. Abma - 2014 - Journal of Medical Ethics 40 (9):625-631.
    Clinical ethics support mechanisms in healthcare are increasing but little is known about the specific developments in elderly care. The aim of this paper is to present a systematic literature review on the characteristics of existing ethics support mechanisms in institutional elderly care. A review was performed in three electronic databases . Sixty papers were included in the review. The ethics support mechanisms are classified in four categories: ‘institutional bodies’ ; ‘frameworks’ ; ‘educational programmes and moral case deliberation’; and ‘written (...)
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