Results for 'Rob Inkpen'

924 found
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  1.  61
    The Topography of Historical Contingency.Rob Inkpen & Derek Turner - 2012 - Journal of the Philosophy of History 6 (1):1-19.
    Abstract Starting with Ben-Menahem's definition of historical contingency as sensitivity to variations in initial conditions, we suggest that historical events and processes can be thought of as forming a complex landscape of contingency and necessity. We suggest three different ways of extending and elaborating Ben-Menahem's concepts: (1) By supplementing them with a notion of historical disturbance; (2) by pointing out that contingency and necessity are subject to scaling effects; (3) by showing how degrees of contingency/necessity can change over time. We (...)
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  2.  5
    Brill Online Books and Journals.Rob Inkpen & Derek Turner - 2012 - Journal of the Philosophy of History 6 (1):1-19.
  3.  21
    Mutationism, Not Lamarckism, Captures the Novelty of CRISPR–Cas.Jeremy G. Wideman, S. Andrew Inkpen, W. Ford Doolittle & Rosemary J. Redfield - 2019 - Biology and Philosophy 34 (1):12.
    Koonin, in an article in this issue, claims that CRISPR–Cas systems are mechanisms for the inheritance of acquired adaptive characteristics, and that the operation of such systems comprises a “Lamarckian mode of evolution.” We argue that viewing the CRISPR–Cas mechanism as facilitating a form of “directed mutation” more accurately represents how the system behaves and the history of neoDarwinian thinking, and is to be preferred.
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  4.  27
    The Eroding Artificial/Natural Distinction: Some Consequences for Ecology and Economics.C. Tyler DesRoches, Stephen Andrew Inkpen & Thomas L. Green - 2019 - In Michiru Nagatsu & Attilia Ruzzene (eds.), Contemporary Philosophy and Social Science: An Interdisciplinary Dialogue. New York: pp. 39-57.
  5.  48
    Revamping the Image of Science for the Anthropocene.S. Andrew Inkpen & C. Tyler DesRoches - 2019 - Philosophy, Theory, and Practice in Biology 11.
    In 2016, a multidisciplinary body of scholars within the International Commission on Stratigraphy—the Anthropocene Working Group—recommended that the world officially recognize the Anthropocene as a new geological epoch. The most contested claim about the Anthropocene, that humans are a major geological and environmental force on par with natural forces, has proven to be a hotbed for discussion well beyond the science of geology. One reason for this is that it compels many natural and social scientists to confront problems and systems (...)
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  6.  16
    Are Humans Disturbing Conditions in Ecology?S. Andrew Inkpen - 2017 - Biology and Philosophy 32 (1):51-71.
    In this paper I argue, first, that ecologists have routinely treated humans—or more specifically, anthropogenic causal factors—as disturbing conditions. I define disturbing conditions as exogenous variables, variables “outside” a model, that when present in a target system, inhibit the applicability or accuracy of the model. This treatment is surprising given that humans play a dominant role in many ecosystems and definitions of ecology contain no fundamental distinction between human and natural. Second, I argue that the treatment of humans as disturbing (...)
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  7.  68
    When Ecology Needs Economics and Economics Needs Ecology: Interdisciplinary Exchange During the Anthropocene.S. Andrew Inkpen & C. Tyler DesRoches - forthcoming - Ethics, Policy and Environment.
    Evidence that humans play a dominant role in most ecosystems forces scientists to confront systems that contain factors transgressing traditional disciplinary boundaries. However, it is an open question whether this state of affairs should encourage interdisciplinary exchange or integration. With two case studies, we show that exchange between ecologists and economists is preferable, for epistemological and policy-oriented reasons, to their acting independently. We call this “exchange gain.” Our case studies show that theoretical exchanges can be less disruptive to current theory (...)
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  8.  1
    Like Hercules and the Hydra: Trade-Offs and Strategies in Ecological Model-Building and Experimental Design.S. Andrew Inkpen - 2016 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 57:34-43.
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  9.  14
    The Coupling of Taxonomy and Function in Microbiomes.S. Andrew Inkpen, Gavin M. Douglas, T. D. P. Brunet, Karl Leuschen, W. Ford Doolittle & Morgan G. I. Langille - 2017 - Biology and Philosophy 32 (6):1225-1243.
    Microbiologists are transitioning from the study and characterization of individual strains or species to the profiling of whole microbiomes and microbial ecology. Equipped with high-throughput methods for studying the taxonomic and functional characteristics of diverse samples, they are just beginning to encounter the conceptual, theoretical, and experimental problems of comparing taxonomy to function, and extracting useful measures from such comparisons. Although still unresolved, these problems are well studied in macro-ecology and are reiterated here as an historical precautionary for microbial ecologists. (...)
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  10.  15
    Washington's I-119.Carson Rob - 1992 - Hastings Center Report 22 (2):7.
  11.  17
    The Scientific Life in the Alpine: Recreation and Moral Life in the Field.Danielle K. Inkpen - 2018 - Isis 109 (3):515-537.
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  12.  34
    Science, Philosophy and Physical Geography.Robert Inkpen - 2005 - Routledge.
    This accessible and engaging text explores the relationship between philosophy, science and physical geography. It addresses an imbalance that exists in opinion, teaching and to a lesser extent research, between a philosophically enriched human geography and a perceived philosophically ignorant physical geography. Science, Philosophy and Physical Geography , challenges the myth that there is a single self-evident scientific method, that can and is applied in a straightforward manner by physical geographers. It demonstrates the variety of alternative philosophical perspectives. Furthermore it (...)
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  13.  28
    Non-Organic Cognitive Deficits: A Case Report of Functional Disturbance in the Production of Ordinal Information.Van Dijck Jean-Philippe, Vandeput Katleen, Lafosse Christophe, Hartsuiker Rob & Fias Wim - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  14.  13
    Do Nicotine Dependent Subjects Show Functional Differences in Response to Risk?Curley Louise, Kydd Rob, Kirk Ian, Russell Bruce & Hester Robert - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  15.  30
    Explaining the Past in the Geosciences.Robert John Inkpen - 2008 - Philosophia 36 (4):495-507.
    Abductive reasoning is central to reconstructing the past in the geosciences. This paper outlines the nature of the abductive method and restates it in Bayesian terms. Evidence plays a key role in this working method and, in particular, traces of the past are important in this explanatory framework. Traces, whether singularly or as groups, are interpreted within the context of the event for which they have evidential claims. Traces are not considered as independent entities but rather as inter-related pieces of (...)
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  16.  5
    Chatter in the Hizb: The Hizb Ut Tahrir Web Forum: An Ideology of Violence?James Rob - 2011 - Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 10 (30):213-235.
    This paper explores the Hizb ut Tahrir web forum by developing a coding and counting methodology that seeks to split opinions on the forum into categories and to rate them by their quality and by how much they were viewed. This methodology is innovative and enables the identification not just of the most aired topic, but of the one that is most likely to have an influence. It finds that the strongest type of posting (as defined by the methodology employed) (...)
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  17.  2
    Demarcating Nature, Defining Ecology: Creating a Rationale for the Study of Nature's "Primitive Conditions".S. Andrew Inkpen - 2017 - Perspectives on Science 25 (3):355-392.
    The relationship of man himself to his environment is an inseparable part of ecology; for he also is an organism and other organisms are a part of his environment. Ecology, therefore, broadly conceived and rightly understood, instead of being an academic science merely, out of touch with humanistic interests, is really that part of every other biological science which brings it into immediate relation to human kind. The proper place of humans in ecological study has been a recurring issue for (...)
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  18. Philosophy of History.Giuseppina D'oro, Mark Day, Luke O'sullivan, Jakub Capek, Nick Tosh, Adrian Haddock & Robert John Inkpen - 2008 - Philosophia 36 (4).
     
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  19. Philanthropy in Democratic Societies.Reich Rob, Chiara Cordelli & Lucy Bernholz (eds.) - 2017 - Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.
    Philanthropy is everywhere. In 2013, in the United States alone, some $330 billion was recorded in giving, from large donations by the wealthy all the way down to informal giving circles. We tend to think of philanthropy as unequivocally good, but as the contributors to this book show, philanthropy is also an exercise of power. And like all forms of power, especially in a democratic society, it deserves scrutiny. Yet it rarely has been given serious attention. This book fills that (...)
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  20.  27
    A Critique of Rob Lovering's Criticism of the Substance View.Henrik Friberg‐Fernros - 2015 - Bioethics 29 (3):211-216.
    In his article, The Substance View: a critique, Rob Lovering argues that the substance view – according to which the human embryo is a person entitled to human rights – leads to such implausible implications that this view should be abandoned. In this article I respond to his criticism by arguing that either his arguments fail because the proponents of the substance view are not obligated to hold positions which may be considered absurd, or because the positions which they are (...)
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  21.  59
    What God Only Knows: A Reply to Rob Lovering.Matthew Frise - 2014 - Religious Studies 50 (2):245-254.
    Rob Lovering has recently argued that God is not omniscient on the grounds that (1) in order to be omniscient a subject must not only know all truths always but also know what it's like not to know a truth, and (2) God cannot fulfil both of these requirements. I show that Lovering's argument is unsuccessful since he inadequately supports (1) and (2), and since there are several serious doubts about (2). I also show that Lovering does not otherwise indicate (...)
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  22.  25
    Teaching Moral Theories is an Option: Reply to Rob Lawlor.D. Benatar - 2009 - Journal of Medical Ethics 35 (6):395-396.
    In his response to my earlier criticism, Rob Lawlor argues that the benefits I suggest can be derived from teaching moral theories in applied ethics courses can be obtained in other ways. In my reply, I note that because I never claimed the benefits could be obtained only from teaching moral theories, Dr Lawlor’s response fails to refute my earlier argument that some attention to moral theories is an option in applied ethics courses.
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  23. The Virtual by Rob Shields London and New York: Routledge, 2003.Douglas Kellner - unknown
    In The Virtual, Rob Shields puts virtuality in with the key categories of contemporary social theory such as subjectivity, agency, structure, and the spaces and temporalities between the modern and the postmodern. Shields has rescued the term and the idea of the virtual from utopian futurists like Howard Rheingold and Nicholas Negroponte who use it to hype emergent technologies and forms of culture as the magical vehicles and entry points to new worlds and identities. The works of these digerati, ideologues (...)
     
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  24.  13
    The “Onanism of Poetry”: Walt Whitman, Rob Halpern and the Deconstruction of Masturbation.Sam Ladkin - 2015 - Angelaki 20 (4):131-156.
    Lyric is onanistic: masturbation is the latent content of lyric poetry. This article counters queer theory with a turn to onanist theory, pointing out the centrality of masturbation to the work of Jacques Derrida, and suggesting that rather than consider masturbation the supplement to sex, we might consider the opposite. Modern man has, according to Derrida, been mistaken in his metaphysics by a deluded fidelity to presence, an ontological error to which he has been attached as though to a lover; (...)
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  25. Sandra Moog and Rob Stones, Eds, Nature, Social Relations and Human Needs: Essays in Honour of Ted Benton. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2009. 296 Pp. ISBN 978-0-230-20115-6, Hardback,£ 64.00. [REVIEW]Raymond Murphy - 2012 - Journal of Critical Realism 11 (4):510-514.
     
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  26.  30
    Rob R. Brady. The Logicworks. Student Manual. Philosophy Documentation Center, Bowling Green1987, I + 21 Pp. + 2 Disks. - Rob R. Brady. The Logicworks. Guide for Instructors. Philosophy Documentation Center, Bowling Green1987, I + 23 Pp. + Disk. [REVIEW]John N. Martin - 1990 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 55 (1):368-370.
  27.  23
    The Two Newtons and Beyond J. E. Force and S. Hutton , Newton and Newtonianism: New Studies. International Archives of the History of Ideas 188. Dordrecht, Boston and London: Kluwer, 2004. Pp. Xvii+246. ISBN 1-4020-1969-6. £67.00 . Rob Iliffe, Milo Keynes and Rebekah Higgitt , Early Biographies of Isaac Newton 1660–1885. Vol. 1: Eighteenth-Century Biography of Isaac Newton: The Unpublished Manuscripts and Early Texts. Vol. 2: Nineteenth-Century Biography of Isaac Newton: Private Debate and Public Controversy. London: Pickering and Chatto, 2006. Pp. Lxxii+387 and Xliii+420. ISBN 1-85-196778-8. £195.00 . Milo Keynes, The Iconography of Sir Isaac Newton to 1800. Woodbridge: The Boydell Press, 2005. Pp. Viii+120. ISBN 1-84383-133-3. £40.00 . John Henry , Newtonianism in Eighteenth-Century Britain. 7 Vols. Bristol: Thoemmes Continuum, 2004. ISBN 1-84371-113-3. £595.00 . Mordechai Feingold, The Newtonian Moment: Isaac Newton and the Making of Modern Culture. New York and Oxford: The New York. [REVIEW]Massimo Mazzotti - 2007 - British Journal for the History of Science 40 (1):105.
  28. Reviews : Rob Shields, Places on the Margin: Alternative Geographies of Modernity, London: Routledge, 1991, £35.00, Xiii + 334 Pp. [REVIEW]David Chaney - 1991 - History of the Human Sciences 4 (3):466-468.
  29.  11
    Priest of Nature: The Religious Worlds of Isaac Newton. By Rob Iliffe. Pp. Xi, 522, Oxford University Press, 2017, £22.99. [REVIEW]Patrick Madigan - 2019 - Heythrop Journal 60 (1):124-125.
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  30.  72
    Rob Gildert and Dennis Rothermel, Eds. , Remembrance and Reconciliation . Reviewed By.Brian K. Cameron - 2013 - Philosophy in Review 33 (2):114-116.
  31.  21
    Philanthropy in Democratic Societies, Edited by Rob Reich, Chiara Cordelli and Lucy Bernholz. University of Chicago Press, 2016, Vii + 325 Pages. [REVIEW]Stephan Chambers - 2018 - Economics and Philosophy 34 (1):109-114.
  32.  13
    Neither Full nor Flat: Women, Representation and Politics in Walter Scott's Rob Roy.Bronte Wells - 2017 - Constellations 8 (2):38-47.
  33.  20
    Denken Om Shalom: De Praktische Filosofie van Nicholas Wolterstorff, Edited by Robert van Putten, Bart Cusveller and Rob Nijhoff.Wout Bisschop - 2017 - Philosophia Reformata 82 (2):241-244.
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  34.  19
    Soil Based Assessment of the Invasive Species Vernonanthura Phosphorica H. Rob. In Burma Valley, Zimbabwe.Evelyn Ngarakana & Shakkie Kativu - 2018 - Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa 73 (1):16-19.
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  35.  72
    Shades of Goodness: Gradability, Demandingness and the Structure of Moral Theories * by Rob Lawlor.H. Upton - 2010 - Analysis 70 (3):593-595.
    (No abstract is available for this citation).
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  36.  4
    Piers J. Hale. Political Descent: Malthus, Mutualism, and the Politics of Evolution in Victorian England. 442 Pp., Figs., Bibl., Index. Chicago/London: University of Chicago Press, 2014. $45 . ISBN 9780226108490.Rob Boddice. The Science of Sympathy: Morality, Evolution, and Victorian Civilization. Xii + 179 Pp., Figs., Bibl., Index. Urbana/Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 2016. $28 . ISBN 9780252082054. [REVIEW]James Paradis - 2019 - Isis 110 (1):178-180.
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  37.  35
    Johan van Benthem, Frans H. Van Eemeren, Rob Grootendorst and Frank Veltman (Eds.), Logic and Argumentation.Robert W. Binkley - 1998 - Argumentation 12 (4):508-512.
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  38.  59
    The Future of Political Theory? A Review of Toward a Humanist Justice: The Political Philosophy of Susan Moller Okin. Edited by Debra Satz and Rob Reich and Women's Rights as Multicultural Claims: Reconfiguring Gender and Diversity in Political Philosophy. By Monica Mookherjee.Jennifer Warriner - 2011 - Hypatia 26 (4):864-871.
  39.  35
    Frans H. Van Eemeren, Rob Grootendorst and Francisca Snoeck Henkemans Et Alia, Fundamentals of Argumentation Theory: A Handbook of Historical Background and Contemporary Developments. [REVIEW]Manfred Kienpointner - 1998 - Argumentation 12 (1):127-133.
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  40.  32
    In Memoriam Rob Grootendorst (1944–2000).Frans H. Van Eemeren - 2000 - Argumentation 14 (3):3-6.
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  41. (Brassart) Frans H. Van Eemeren, Rob Grootendorst and Francisca Snoeck Henkemans Et Al., Fundamentals of Argumen-Tation Theory: A Handbook of Historical Background and Contemporary Developments (Manfred Kien). [REVIEW]Douglas N. Walton - 1998 - Argumentation 12:513-516.
     
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  42.  34
    Compassionate Conservation and the Ethics of Species Research and Preservation: Hamsters, Black-Footed Ferrets, and a Response to Rob Irvine. [REVIEW]Marc Bekoff - 2013 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 10 (4):527-529.
  43. Philanthropy and Intergenerational Justice (with Rob Reich).Chiara Cordelli - 2017 - In Institutions for Future Generations (Oxfprd University Press) edited by Axel Gosseries and Inigo Gonzalez-Ricoy. Oxford:
  44.  25
    Yitzhak Hen and Rob Meens, Eds., The Bobbio Missal: Liturgy and Religious Culture in Merovingian Gaul. (Cambridge Studies in Palaeography and Codicology, 11.) Cambridge, Eng.: Cambridge University Press, 2004. Pp. Xii, 232; 2 Black-and-White Figures, 8 Black-and-White Plates, 1 Table, and 1 Map. $90. [REVIEW]Isabel Moreira - 2006 - Speculum 81 (3):860-861.
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  45.  60
    On Teleosemantics and Natural Maps (Comments on Work by Rob Cummins Et Al.).Joe Cruz - manuscript
    Let me begin by signaling my enthusiasm both for the specific case offered by Cummins et al. against teleosemantics and for the overall framework from which this work derives. If the first approximation of the idea is that there will be material implicit in a representation that can be exploited by a cognitive agent that later acquires the right abilities to extract this material, and if this material looks a great deal like content, then the teleosemanticist will find accommodating it (...)
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  46.  29
    Compassionate Conservation and the Ethics of Species Research and Preservation: Hamsters, Black-Footed Ferrets, and a Response to Rob Irvine: Comment on" Ethics of Species Research and Preservation" by Rob Irvine.Marc Bekoff - forthcoming - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry.
  47.  38
    On Rob Latham's Consuming Youth: Vampires, Cyborgs, and the Culture of Consumption.Andrew Butler - 2002 - Historical Materialism 10 (4):307-316.
  48.  11
    Christianity and the University Experience. By Mathew Guest, Kristin Aune, Sonya Sharma & Rob Warner. Pp. Xii, 244, London, Bloomsbury, 2013, £21.99. [REVIEW]John Sullivan - 2017 - Heythrop Journal 58 (6):997-998.
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  49.  23
    Eemeren, Frans H. Van, Grootendorst, Rob and Snoeck Henkemans, A. Francisca (2002).Claude Gratton - 2004 - Argumentation 18 (4):489-494.
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  50.  26
    In Memoriam Rob Grootendorst (1944-2000). Editor Argumentation From 1986 to 2000.F. H. van Eemeren & P. Houtlosser - 2000 - Argumentation 14 (3):iii - v.
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