24 found
Order:
Disambiguations
Rob Lawlor [24]Robert Lawlor [1]
  1. Taurek, Numbers and Probabilities.Rob Lawlor - 2006 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 9 (2):149 - 166.
    In his paper, “Should the Numbers Count?" John Taurek imagines that we are in a position such that we can either save a group of five people, or we can save one individual, David. We cannot save David and the five. This is because they each require a life-saving drug. However, David needs all of the drug if he is to survive, while the other five need only a fifth each.Typically, people have argued as if there was a choice to (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   14 citations  
  2. Shades of Goodness: Gradability, Demandingness and the Structure of Moral Theories.Rob Lawlor - 2009 - Palgrave-Macmillan.
  3.  28
    Climate Change and Professional Responsibility: A Declaration of Helsinki for Engineers.Rob Lawlor & Helen Morley - 2017 - Science and Engineering Ethics 23 (5):1431-1452.
    In this paper, we argue that the professional engineering institutions ought to develop a Declaration of Climate Action. Climate change is a serious global problem, and the majority of greenhouse gas emissions come from industries that are enabled by engineers and represented by the engineering professional institutions. If the professional institutions take seriously the claim that a profession should be self-regulating, with codes of ethics that go beyond mere obedience to the law, and if they take their own ethical codes (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  4.  57
    Numbers Scepticism, Equal Chances and Pluralism: Taurek Revisited.Gerald Lang & Rob Lawlor - 2016 - Politics, Philosophy and Economics 15 (3):298-315.
    The ‘standard interpretation’ of John Taurek’s argument in ‘Should the Numbers Count?’ imputes two theses to him: first, ‘numbers scepticism’, or scepticism about the moral force of an appeal to the mere number of individuals saved in conflict cases; and second, the ‘equal greatest chances’ principle of rescue, which requires that every individual has an equal chance of being rescued. The standard interpretation is criticized here on a number of grounds. First, whilst Taurek clearly believes that equal chances are all-important, (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  5. In Defense of Batman: Reply to Bradley.Gerald Lang & Rob Lawlor - 2013 - Journal of Ethics and Social Philosophy (3):1-7.
  6. The Rejection of Scalar Consequentialism.Rob Lawlor - 2009 - Utilitas 21 (1):100-116.
    In Alastair Norcross argues that scalar consequentialism is the most plausible form of consequentialism, but his arguments are flawed: he is simply mistaken when he suggests that there is a problem with deriving absolutes like right and wrong from gradable properties such as goodness; he cannot justify his claim that the choice of a threshold will always be arbitrary; and his argument only shows that the consequentialist doesn't care about permissibility. Furthermore, I argue that, although Norcross was right to claim (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  7. Hooker’s Ideal Code and the Sacrifice Problem.Rob Lawlor - 2004 - Social Theory and Practice 30 (4):583-587.
  8.  23
    Delaying Obsolescence.Rob Lawlor - 2015 - Science and Engineering Ethics 21 (2):401-427.
    This paper argues that those who emphasise that designers and engineers need to plan for obsolescence are too conservative. Rather, in addition to planning for obsolescence, designers and engineers should also think carefully about what they could do in order delay obsolescence. They should so this by thinking about the design itself, thinking of ways in which products could be useful and appealing for longer before becoming obsolete, as well thinking about the wider context in terms of the marketing of (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  9.  60
    Organ Sales: Exploitative at Any Price?Rob Lawlor - 2014 - Bioethics 28 (4):194-202.
    In many cases, claims that a transaction is exploitative will focus on the details of the transaction, such as the price paid or conditions. For example, in a claim that a worker is exploited, the grounds for the claim are usually that the pay is not sufficient or the working conditions too dangerous. In some cases, however, the claim that a transaction is exploitative is not seen to rely on these finer details. Many, for example, claim that organ sales would (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  10.  12
    The Absurdity of Economists’ Sacrifice-Free Solutions to Climate Change.Rob Lawlor - 2016 - Ethics, Policy and Environment 19 (3):350-365.
    John Broome and Duncan Foley have argued that it is a ‘misperception’ that the ‘control of global warming is costly’ and that we can make ‘sacrifices unnecessary’. There are a number of assumptions that are essential for this idea to work. These assumptions can be challenged. Furthermore, my claim is not merely that the Broome/Foley argument is flawed, and therefore unlikely to be successful. I will argue that it is potentially harmful, leading to harms for the present generation and for (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  11.  8
    Ambiguities and Asymmetries in Consent and Refusal: Reply to Manson.Rob Lawlor - 2016 - Bioethics 30 (5):353-357.
    John Harris claims that is it ‘palpable nonsense’ to suggest that ‘a child might competently consent to a treatment but not be competent to refuse it.’ In ‘Transitional Paternalism: How Shared Normative Powers Give Rise to the Asymmetry of Adolescent Consent and Refusal’ Neil Manson aims to explain away the apparent oddness of this asymmetry of consent and refusal, by appealing to the idea of shared normative powers, presenting joint bank accounts as an example. In this article, I will argue (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  12.  36
    Questioning the Significance of the Non-Identity Problem in Applied Ethics.Rob Lawlor - 2015 - Journal of Medical Ethics 41 (11):893-896.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  13.  16
    Questioning the Significance of the Non-Identity Problem in Applied Ethics: A Reply to Tony Hope.Rob Lawlor - 2015 - Journal of Medical Ethics 41 (11):899-900.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  14.  2
    Ulysses Contracts in Psychiatric Care: Helping Patients to Protect Themselves From Spiralling.Harriet Standing & Rob Lawlor - forthcoming - Journal of Medical Ethics:medethics-2019-105511.
    This paper presents four arguments in favour of respecting Ulysses Contracts in the case of individuals who suffer with severe chronic episodic mental illnesses, and who have experienced spiralling and relapse before. First, competence comes in degrees. As such, even if a person meets the usual standard for competence at the point when they wish to refuse treatment, they may still be less competent than they were when they signed the Ulysses Contract. As such, even if competent at time 1 (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  15.  92
    Organ Sales Needn't Be Exploitative (but It Matters If They Are).Rob Lawlor - 2011 - Bioethics 25 (5):250-259.
    This paper considers two arguments that are common in the literature on organ sales. First, organ sales are exploitative and therefore should not be permitted. Second, it doesn't matter whether organ sales are exploitative or not; the only thing that matters is that we do what is in the interests of those who need to be protected.In this paper, I argue that both of these arguments are too simplistic. My intention, however, is not to argue for or against organ sales. (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  16.  48
    Freezing Eggs in a Warming World.Rob Lawlor - 2015 - Utilitas 27 (4):425-444.
    Most discussions of population control focus on how many children people should have, but ignore issues to do with the timing, so there is little discussion of the value of delaying childbearing. Once we recognize that delaying childbearing can have a significant impact on the size of the population, and, therefore, on CO2e emissions, our perspective on egg freezing changes significantly. In this article, I argue that, if we focus on future generations in general, rather than focusing only on the (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  17.  27
    Luck, Evidence and War.Rob Lawlor - 2006 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 23 (3):247–257.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  18.  12
    Rejecting Amanda Machin’s Complacent Democracy.Rob Lawlor - 2017 - Environmental Ethics 39 (2):211-233.
    Machin defends a new approach to climate change, which some claim is an “original” and “lucid” contribution that will “revitalize” the debate. Drawing on Slavoj Žižek’s interpretation of parallax and Chantal Mouffe’s radical democracy, Machin focuses on negotiation rather than moral argument, arguing that we should embrace disagreement. In the process of defending her view, Machin dismisses Naomi Klein, and various moral philosophers, arguing that framing the debate in terms of moral argument is ineffective, divisive, and ultimately leads to extremism (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  19.  12
    Cake or Death? Ending Confusions About Asymmetries Between Consent and Refusal.Rob Lawlor - 2016 - Journal of Medical Ethics 42 (11):748-754.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  20. The Ethical Treatment of Animals : The Moral Significance of Darwin's Theory.Rob Lawlor - 2012 - In Martin H. Brinkworth & Friedel Weinert (eds.), Evolution 2.0: Implications of Darwinism in Philosophy and the Social and Natural Sciences. Springer.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  21.  11
    Underivitive Duty: British Moral Philosophers From Sidgwick to Ewing. Edited by Thomas Hurka. (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 2011. Pp. Viii + 225. Price £35.00.).Rob Lawlor - 2012 - Philosophical Quarterly 62 (248):638-640.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  22.  16
    Review of Christopher Woodard, Reasons, Patterns, and Cooperation[REVIEW]Rob Lawlor - 2009 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2009 (2).
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  23.  5
    Ambiguities and Asymmetries in Consent and Refusal: Reply to Manson.Rob Lawlor - 2016 - Bioethics 30 (4):n/a-n/a.
    John Harris claims that is it ‘palpable nonsense’ to suggest that ‘a child might competently consent to a treatment but not be competent to refuse it.’ In ‘Transitional Paternalism: How Shared Normative Powers Give Rise to the Asymmetry of Adolescent Consent and Refusal’ Neil Manson aims to explain away the apparent oddness of this asymmetry of consent and refusal, by appealing to the idea of shared normative powers, presenting joint bank accounts as an example. In this article, I will argue (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  24.  9
    Review of Nicholas Rescher, Value Matters: Studies in Axiology[REVIEW]Rob Lawlor - 2005 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2005 (5).
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark