Results for 'Robert A. Hill'

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  1. “Economic Man” in Cross-Cultural Perspective: Behavioral Experiments in 15 Small-Scale Societies.Joseph Henrich, Robert Boyd, Samuel Bowles, Colin Camerer, Ernst Fehr, Herbert Gintis, Richard McElreath, Michael Alvard, Abigail Barr, Jean Ensminger, Natalie Smith Henrich, Kim Hill, Francisco Gil-White, Michael Gurven, Frank W. Marlowe & John Q. Patton - 2005 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (6):795-815.
    Researchers from across the social sciences have found consistent deviations from the predictions of the canonical model of self-interest in hundreds of experiments from around the world. This research, however, cannot determine whether the uniformity results from universal patterns of human behavior or from the limited cultural variation available among the university students used in virtually all prior experimental work. To address this, we undertook a cross-cultural study of behavior in ultimatum, public goods, and dictator games in a range of (...)
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  2. The C. L. R. James Reader.Anna Grimshaw, C. L. R. James, Keith Hart & Robert A. Hill - 1996 - Science and Society 60 (2):220-226.
     
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  3.  34
    Deride, Abide or Dissent: On the Ethics of Professional Conduct. [REVIEW]Robert Hauptman & Fred Hill - 1991 - Journal of Business Ethics 10 (1):37 - 44.
    In the professions of today are ethical concerns of no overwhelming importance? Are these concerns less important in certain professions rather than others? Do some practitioners carry a blase attitude regarding ethics within their profession?This study, sometimes asking life-blood, career-jeopardizing questions is less interested in electronic data results and more interested in actual respondent replies on dissent and competence.
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  4.  22
    Peter A. Facione and Donald Scherer. Logic and Logical Thinking: A Modular Approach. McGraw-Hill Book Company, New York Etc. 1978, Xii + 495 Pp. [REVIEW]Robert Rogers - 1981 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 46 (3):672-673.
  5.  7
    Critical Geographies in/of Education: Introduction.Robert J. Helfenbein & L. Hill Taylor - 2009 - Educational Studies: A Jrnl of the American Educ. Studies Assoc 45 (3):236-239.
  6.  21
    The Old Testament: A Historical and Literary Introduction to the Hebrew Scriptures. By Michael D. Coogan: Book Reviews. [REVIEW]Robert C. Hill - 2007 - Heythrop Journal 48 (4):618-619.
  7.  17
    Mapping Everyday: Gender, Blackness, and Discourse in Urban Contexts.L. Hill Taylor & Robert J. Helfenbein - 2009 - Educational Studies: A Jrnl of the American Educ. Studies Assoc 45 (3):319-329.
    This article argues that by using theories of the spatial to understand how situated materiality (i.e., place) and contestations of identity matter when conceiving global and curricular space, educators may interrupt and rearticulate practices and systems of oppression. By focusing on globalization writ large, there is danger of leaving important concerns of the local unattended, and thereby failing to see how processes of globalization exacerbate problematic and oft-hidden curricular issues. Such diversions typify the most insidious quality of the current form (...)
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  8. Models of Decision-Making and the Coevolution of Social Preferences.Joseph Henrich, Robert Boyd, Samuel Bowles, Colin Camerer, Ernst Fehr, Herbert Gintis, Richard McElreath, Michael Alvard, Abigail Barr, Jean Ensminger, Natalie Smith Henrich, Kim Hill, Francisco Gil-White, Michael Gurven, Frank W. Marlowe, John Q. Patton & David Tracer - 2005 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (6):838-855.
    We would like to thank the commentators for their generous comments, valuable insights and helpful suggestions. We begin this response by discussing the selfishness axiom and the importance of the preferences, beliefs, and constraints framework as a way of modeling some of the proximate influences on human behavior. Next, we broaden the discussion to ultimate-level (that is evolutionary) explanations, where we review and clarify gene-culture coevolutionary theory, and then tackle the possibility that evolutionary approaches that exclude culture might be sufficient (...)
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  9.  17
    Sexual Behaviour and Contraception Among Unmarried Adolescents and Young Adults in Greater Accra and Eastern Regions of Ghana.William K. A. Agyei, Richard B. Biritwum, A. G. Ashitey & Robert B. Hill - 2000 - Journal of Biosocial Science 32 (4):495-512.
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  10. A Response to Peter Hill.Robert J. Bartel - 1987 - Transformation: An International Journal of Holistic Mission Studies 4 (3-4):52-53.
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  11.  3
    Why John Wrote a Gospel: Jesus-Memory-History. [REVIEW]Robert C. Hill - 2009 - Heythrop Journal 50 (1):162-163.
  12. The Economy of Human Life. Complete in Two Parts. Translated From an Indian Manuscript Written by an Ancient Bramin. In a Letter From an English Gentleman Residing at China, to the Earl of ***********. [REVIEW]Robert Dodsley, John Hill, Philip Dormer Stanhope Chesterfield & William Darling - 1781 - Printed by W. Darling,.
     
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  13.  1
    Reading Symbols, and Writing Words. A Model for Biblical Inspiration.Robert J. Hill - 2007 - New Blackfriars:071105101252002-???.
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  14.  4
    Theopoetry of the Psalms. By Cas J. A. Vos.Robert C. Hill - 2007 - Heythrop Journal 48 (2):279–280.
  15.  1
    Book Review: Meetinghouse Hill, 1630–1783. [REVIEW]Robert Hastings Nichols - 1953 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 7 (3):374-375.
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  16. Cognitive Rehabilitation in Old Age.Robert D. Hill, Lars Backman & Anna Stigsdotter-Neely (eds.) - 2000 - Oxford University Press USA.
    Cognitive deficits are part of the normal aging process and are exacerbated by various diseases that affect adults in old age, such as dementia, depression, and stroke. A significant scientific and social effort has been expended to evaluate whether cognitive deficits can be remedied through systematic interventions. The editors, as well as the chapter authors, represent a variety of viewpoints that span theory as well as practice. Overall, they aim to address concepts in cognitive rehabilitation that are useful in intervention (...)
     
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  17.  79
    An Adamsian Theory of Intrinsic Value.Scott Hill - 2011 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 14 (3):273-289.
    In this paper I develop a theological account of intrinsic value drawn from some passages in Robert Merrihew Adams’ book Finite and Infinite Goods. First I explain why Adams’ work on this topic is interesting, situate his theory within the broader literature on intrinsic value, and draw attention to some of its revisionist features. Next I state the theory, raise some problems for it, and refine it in light of those problems. Then I illustrate how the refined theory works (...)
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  18.  19
    Theories of Knowledge: A Critical Introduction. By Robert Ackermann. Toronto: McGraw-Hill, 1965. Pp. Ix, 305. $5.95. [REVIEW]J. V. Brown - 1965 - Dialogue 4 (3):407-410.
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  19.  3
    Dissonance Theory: A Managerial Perspective.Thomas Ivy, Virginia Hill & Robert Stevens - 1978 - Business and Society 19 (1):17-25.
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  20.  25
    The J. H. B. Archive Report: The A. V. Hill Papers at Churchill College, Cambridge.Robert G. Frank - 1978 - Journal of the History of Biology 11 (1):211 - 214.
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  21.  1
    Government, Justice, and Human Rights.R. A. Hill - 1998 - The Paideia Archive: Twentieth World Congress of Philosophy 41:110-115.
    This paper explores the relationship between justice and government, examining views on the subject expressed by traditional political philosophers such as Rousseau and Locke, as well as those expressed by contemporary political theorists such as John Rawls and Robert Nozick. According to Rawls, justice is one of the fundamental concerns of a governing body; Locke and Rousseau agree that government and justice are essentially connected. Nozick and Max Weber, however, claim that the essential characteristic of government is not justice, (...)
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  22.  37
    Hume's Skeptical Crisis: A Textual Study (Review). [REVIEW]Benjamin Hill - 2010 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 48 (4):530-531.
    In this book, Robert Fogelin revisits much that was covered in his Hume’s Skepticism in the Treatise of Human Nature . Even so, there is a wealth of new material here, reflecting a number of developments in Fogelin’s thinking about Hume’s THN. I shall highlight three.In the earlier book, Fogelin had pushed a strongly skeptical interpretation of THN. Now, however, he has mitigated his reading somewhat, and is offering “a more balanced account of the relationship between Hume’s naturalism and (...)
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  23.  9
    Causes, Consequences, and Kin Bias of Human Group Fissions.Robert S. Walker & Kim R. Hill - 2014 - Human Nature 25 (4):465-475.
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  24.  16
    From Impartial Advocates to Political Agents: Role Switching and Trustworthiness in Consultancy. [REVIEW]Robert van Es - 2002 - Journal of Business Ethics 39 (1-2):145-151.
    Consultancy firms inform, advise, implement and mediate in their own interests and in the interests of their clients. We can only guess if their work is also in the interest of the public. There is no critical and systematical assessment of the behavior of consultancy firms. What roles do consultancy firms chose? And what arguments do they use? In the nineties the international consultancy firm Hill & Knowlton took on two assignments that showed a remarkable difference in the required (...)
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  25.  26
    Incorrect Judicial Decisions.Robert J. Yanal - unknown
    Criticism of court decisions is a favored American pastime. Typically, such criticisms are grounded in extra-legal criteria such as common sense (or lack of it) and morality (or immorality). Thus Tennessee Valley Authority v. Hill (1978) in which the Supreme Court halted the construction of the nearly completed Tellico Dam because it endangered the habitat of the snail darter, an action forbidden by the Endangered Species Act, was said to confound common sense; and many have called immoral Roe v. (...)
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  26.  31
    On the Philosophy of Kant.Robert Adamson - 1854 - Routledge/Thoemmes Press.
    There has recently been a considerable amount of research into the influence of 18th century British philosophy--particularly into the thinking of David Hume on Continental philosophy and Kant. The aim of this collection is to provide some of the key texts which illustrate the impact of Kant's thought together with two important 20th century monographs on aspects of Kant's early reception and his influence on philosophical thought. Contents: Immanuel Kant in England 1793-1838 [1931] Rene Wellek 328 pp The Early Reception (...)
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  27. Introspection and Qualia: A Defense of Infallibility.Robert Francescotti - 2000 - Communication and Cognition: An Interdisciplinary Quarterly Journal 33 (3-4):161-173.
  28.  57
    Review of Robert D. Rupert, Cognitive Systems and the Extended Mind[REVIEW]Robert A. Wilson - 2010 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2010 (3).
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  29. Boundaries of the Mind: The Individual in the Fragile Sciences - Cognition.Robert A. Wilson - 2004 - Cambridge University Press.
    Where does the mind begin and end? Most philosophers and cognitive scientists take the view that the mind is bounded by the skull or skin of the individual. Robert Wilson, in this provocative and challenging 2004 book, provides the foundations for the view that the mind extends beyond the boundary of the individual. The approach adopted offers a unique blend of traditional philosophical analysis, cognitive science, and the history of psychology and the human sciences. A forthcoming companion volume Genes (...)
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  30. Bill Poteat.Robert T. Osborn - 2008 - Tradition and Discovery 35 (2):44-47.
    Bill Poteat was a member of Duke University’s Department of Religion and served a term as Chairman, during which I served with him as Director of Undergraduate Studies. I knew him as a brilliant scholar who devoted his exceptional gifts primarily to his teaching and his students. He was charming, gracious, yet we his Duke professorial colleagues never really knew him. One of our ranks suggested that the idea of Bill as a colleague was an oxymoron. Bill did not attend (...)
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  31.  19
    We Are as Gods by Kate Daloz.Robert S. Cox - 2017 - Utopian Studies 28 (2):363-366.
    Reading Kate Daloz's We Are as Gods at the dawn of the new age of Trump is just begging for an out-of-body experience. This may not be inappropriate. At a moment when a nihilistic form of antipolitics is consuming the nation, transmogrifying the world and its people into raw ore for extraction, and deriding any conception of public good or even common good, Daloz's stunning new history is a powerful reminder of the alternatives Americans once lived and the creative ways (...)
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  32. How to Situate Cognition: Letting Nature Take its Course.Robert A. Wilson & Andy Clark - 2009 - In Murat Aydede & P. Robbins (eds.), The Cambridge Handbook of Situated Cognition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 55--77.
    1. The Situation in Cognition 2. Situated Cognition: A Potted Recent History 3. Extensions in Biology, Computation, and Cognition 4. Articulating the Idea of Cognitive Extension 5. Are Some Resources Intrinsically Non-Cognitive? 6. Is Cognition Extended or Only Embedded? 7. Letting Nature Take Its Course.
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  33.  64
    Sociobiology.Robert A. Wilson - 2014 - Eugenics Archives.
    Sociobiology developed in the 1960s as a field within evolutionary biology to explain human social traits and behaviours. Although sociobiology has few direct connections to eugenics, it shares eugenics’ optimistic enthusiasm for extending biological science into the human domain, often with reckless sensationalism. Sociobiology's critics have argued that sociobiology also propagates a kind of genetic determinism and represents the zealous misapplication of science beyond its proper reach that characterized the eugenics movement. More recently, evolutionary psychology represents a sophistication of sociobiology (...)
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  34.  58
    Genes and the Agents of Life: The Individual in the Fragile Sciences Biology.Robert A. Wilson - 2005 - New York, NY, USA: Cambridge University Press.
    Genes and the Agents of Life undertakes to rethink the place of the individual in the biological sciences, drawing parallels with the cognitive and social sciences. Genes, organisms, and species are all agents of life but how are each of these conceptualized within genetics, developmental biology, evolutionary biology, and systematics? The book includes highly accessible discussions of genetic encoding, species and natural kinds, and pluralism above the levels of selection, drawing on work from across the biological sciences. The book is (...)
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  35.  36
    Two-Process Learning Theory: Relationships Between Pavlovian Conditioning and Instrumental Learning.Robert A. Rescorla & Richard L. Solomon - 1967 - Psychological Review 74 (3):151-182.
  36. Species: New Interdisciplinary Essays.Robert A. Wilson - 1999 - MIT Press.
    This collection of original essays--by philosophers of biology, biologists, and cognitive scientists--provides a wide range of perspectives on species. Including contributions from David Hull, John Dupre, David Nanney, Kevin de Queiroz, and Kim Sterelny, amongst others, this book has become especially well-known for the three essays it contains on the homeostatic property cluster view of natural kinds, papers by Richard Boyd, Paul Griffiths, and Robert A. Wilson.
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  37.  20
    R. A. BILLINGTON with the Collaboration of C. P. HILL, A. J. JOHNSTONE II, and C. F. MULLETT, "The Historian's Contribution to Anglo-American Misunderstanding. Report of a Committee on National Bias in Anglo-American History Textbooks". [REVIEW]T. H. von Laue, E. H. Dance, R. A. Billington, C. P. Hill, A. J. Johnstone Ii, C. L. Mowat & C. F. Mullett - 1967 - History and Theory 6 (2):219.
  38.  6
    Pavlovian Conditioning and its Proper Control Procedures.Robert A. Rescorla - 1967 - Psychological Review 74 (1):71-80.
  39. A Puzzle About Material Constitution and How to Solve It: Enriching Constitution Views in Metaphysics.Robert A. Wilson - 2007 - Philosophers' Imprint 7:1-20.
    Are materially constituted entities, such as statues and glasses of liquid, something more than their material constituents? The puzzle that frames this paper stems from conflicting answers to this question. At the core of the paper is a distinctive way of thinking about material constitution that posits two concepts of constitution, compositional and ampliative constitution, with the bulk of the discussion devoted to developing distinct analyses for these concepts. Distinguishing these concepts solves our initial puzzle and enriches the space of (...)
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  40. The Persistence of the R.A. Fisher-Sewall Wright Controversy.Robert A. Skipper - 2002 - Biology and Philosophy 17 (3):341-367.
    This paper considers recent heated debates led by Jerry A. Coyne andMichael J. Wade on issues stemming from the 1929–1962 R.A. Fisher-Sewall Wrightcontroversy in population genetics. William B. Provine once remarked that theFisher-Wright controversy is central, fundamental, and very influential.Indeed,it is also persistent. The argumentative structure of therecent (1997–2000) debates is analyzed with the aim of eliminating a logicalconflict in them, viz., that the two sides in the debates havedifferent aims and that, as such, they are talking past each other. (...)
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  41.  22
    Eliade's Theory of Millenarianism: ROBERT A. SEGAL.Robert A. Segal - 1978 - Religious Studies 14 (2):159-173.
    To the extent that Mircea Eliade is concerned with millenarianism he is concerned with it as only an instance of religious phenomena generally and is concerned with its meaning rather than its cause. Yet presupposed in the meaning he finds is a theory of its cause, and that theory is worth examining both because it elucidates Eliade's approach to religion as a whole and because as an explanation of millenarianism it is atypical and even unique.
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  42. Wide Computationalism.Robert A. Wilson - 1994 - Mind 103 (411):351-72.
    The computational argument for individualism, which moves from computationalism to individualism about the mind, is problematic, not because computationalism is false, but because computational psychology is, at least sometimes, wide. The paper provides an early, or perhaps predecessor, version of the thesis of extended cognition.
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  43. Extended Mind and Identity.Robert A. Wilson & Bartlomiej A. Lenart - 2014 - In Jens Clausen & Neil Levy (eds.), Handbook of Neuroethics. Springer. pp. 423-439.
    Dominant views of personal identity in philosophy take some kind of psychological continuity or connectedness over time to be criterial for the identity of a person over time. Such views assign psychological states, particularly those necessary for narrative memory of some kind, special importance in thinking about the nature of persons. The extended mind thesis, which has generated much recent discussion in the philosophy of mind and cognitive science, holds that a person’s psychological states can physically extend beyond that person’s (...)
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  44.  59
    The Eugenic Mind Project.Robert A. Wilson - 2018 - Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
    The Eugenic Mind Project is a wide-ranging, philosophical book that explores and critiques both past and present eugenic thinking, drawing on the author’s intimate knowledge of eugenics in North America and his previous work on the cognitive, biological, and social sciences, the fragile sciences. Informed by the perspectives of Canadian eugenics survivors in the province of Alberta, The Eugenic Mind Project recounts the history of eugenics and the thinking that drove it, and critically engages contemporary manifestations of eugenic thought, newgenics. (...)
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  45. Collective Memory, Group Minds, and the Extended Mind Thesis.Robert A. Wilson - 2005 - Cognitive Processing 6 (4).
    While memory is conceptualized predominantly as an individual capacity in the cognitive and biological sciences, the social sciences have most commonly construed memory as a collective phenomenon. Collective memory has been put to diverse uses, ranging from accounts of nationalism in history and political science to views of ritualization and commemoration in anthropology and sociology. These appeals to collective memory share the idea that memory ‘‘goes beyond the individual’’ but often run together quite different claims in spelling out that idea. (...)
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  46.  10
    Catalogue of Classical Bronze Sculpture in the Walters Art Gallery. By D. K. Hill. Pp. Xxxviii + 158: Pl. 55 + 289 Figs. & Frontispiece. Baltimore: Trustees of the Walters Art Gallery, 1949. $6.25. [REVIEW]Gisela M. A. Richter & D. K. Hill - 1950 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 70:105-106.
  47. The Drink You Have When You’Re Not Having a Drink.Robert A. Wilson - 2008 - Mind and Language 23 (3):273–283.
    The Architecture of the Mind is itself built on foundations that deserve probing. In this brief commentary I focus on these foundations—Carruthers’ conception of modularity, his arguments for thinking that the mind is massively modular in structure, and his view of human cognitive architecture.
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  48. Eugenics Never Went Away.Robert A. Wilson - 2018 - Aeon 2018.
    Eugenics does not feel so distant from where I stand. This essay explains why.
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  49.  90
    Biological Individuals.Robert A. Wilson & Matthew J. Barker - 2019 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy 1 (1).
    The impressive variation amongst biological individuals generates many complexities in addressing the simple-sounding question what is a biological individual? A distinction between evolutionary and physiological individuals is useful in thinking about biological individuals, as is attention to the kinds of groups, such as superorganisms and species, that have sometimes been thought of as biological individuals. More fully understanding the conceptual space that biological individuals occupy also involves considering a range of other concepts, such as life, reproduction, and agency. There has (...)
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  50. MIT Encyclopedia of the Cognitive Sciences.Robert A. Wilson & Frank C. Keil (eds.) - 1999 - Cambridge, USA: MIT Press.
    "Amongst the human mind's proudest accomplishments is the invention of a science dedicated to understanding itself: cognitive science. ... This volume is an authoritative guide to this exhilarating new body of knowledge, written by the experts, edited with skill and good judment. If we were to leave a time capsule for the next millennium with records of the great achievements of civilization, this volume would have to be in it."--Steven Pinker.
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