Results for 'Robert A. Ratcheson'

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  1.  25
    The Ethical Options In Transplanting Fetal Tissue.Mary B. Mahowald, Jerry Silver & Robert A. Ratcheson - 1987 - Hastings Center Report 17 (1):9-15.
    Fetal tissue transplants have now been successful in primates, raising the possibility of treatment for Parkinson's disease and other chronic illnesses. Whether or not abortion is morally justified, use of human fetal tissue for research or therapy is justified in certain circumstances. The rationale, both for permitting transplantation of fetal tissue and for limitations in exercising the technology, is based on the same set of ethical principles that supported restrictive legislation in the past: respect for autonomy and a balancing of (...)
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  2.  35
    Ethical Attitudes of Future Business Leaders Do They Vary by Gender and Religiosity?Gerald Albaum & Robert A. Peterson - 2006 - Business and Society 45 (3):300-321.
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  3. Judging the Other: Responding to Traditional Female Genital Surgeries.Sandra D. Lane & Robert A. Rubinstein - 1996 - Hastings Center Report 26 (3):31-40.
    Western feminists, physicians, and ethicists condemn the traditional genital surgeries performed on women in some non‐Western cultures. But coming to moral judgment is not the end of the story; we must also decide what to do about our judgments. We must learn to work respectfully with, not independently of, local resources for cultural self‐examination and change.
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  4.  40
    Workplace Values and Outcomes: Exploring Personal, Organizational, and Interactive Workplace Spirituality.Robert W. Kolodinsky, Robert A. Giacalone & Carole L. Jurkiewicz - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 81 (2):465-480.
    Spiritual values in the workplace, increasingly discussed and applied in the business ethics literature, can be viewed from an individual, organizational, or interactive perspective. The following study examined previously unexplored workplace spirituality outcomes. Using data collected from five samples consisting of full-time workers taking graduate coursework, results indicated that perceptions of organizational-level spirituality (“organizational spirituality”) appear to matter most to attitudinal and attachment-related outcomes. Specifically, organizational spirituality was found to be positively related to job involvement, organizational identification, and work rewards (...)
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  5.  15
    Learning abstract visual concepts via probabilistic program induction in a Language of Thought.Matthew C. Overlan, Robert A. Jacobs & Steven T. Piantadosi - 2017 - Cognition 168 (C):320-334.
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  6.  58
    Ethical Challenges Within Veterans Administration Healthcare Facilities: Perspectives of Managers, Clinicians, Patients, and Ethics Committee Chairpersons.Mary Beth Foglia, Robert A. Pearlman, Melissa Bottrell, Jane K. Altemose & Ellen Fox - 2009 - American Journal of Bioethics 9 (4):28-36.
    To promote ethical practices, healthcare managers must understand the ethical challenges encountered by key stakeholders. To characterize ethical challenges in Veterans Administration (VA) facilities from the perspectives of managers, clinicians, patients, and ethics consultants. We conducted focus groups with patients (n = 32) and managers (n = 38); semi-structured interviews with managers (n = 31), clinicians (n = 55), and ethics committee chairpersons (n = 21). Data were analyzed using content analysis. Managers reported that the greatest ethical challenge was fairly (...)
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  7.  27
    An investigation of conditions determining contrast effects in differential reward conditioning.H. Wayne Ludvigson & Robert A. Gay - 1967 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 75 (1):37.
  8.  25
    Visual shape perception as Bayesian inference of 3D object-centered shape representations.Goker Erdogan & Robert A. Jacobs - 2017 - Psychological Review 124 (6):740-761.
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  9.  34
    Private Security Companies and Institutional Legitimacy: Corporate and Stakeholder Responsibility.Heather Elms & Robert A. Phillips - 2009 - Business Ethics Quarterly 19 (3):403-432.
    The private provision of security services has attracted a great deal of recent attention, both professional and popular. Much of that attention suggests the questioned moral legitimacy of the private vs. public provision of security. Linking the literature on moral legitimacy and responsibility from new institutional and stakeholder theories, we examine the relationship between moral legitimacy and responsible behavior by both private security companies (PSCs) and their stakeholders. We ask what the moral-legitimacy-enhancing responsibilities of both might be, and contribute to (...)
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  10.  65
    Are the sources of interest the same for everyone? Using multilevel mixture models to explore individual differences in appraisal structures.Paul J. Silvia, Robert A. Henson & Jonathan L. Templin - 2009 - Cognition and Emotion 23 (7):1389-1406.
    How does personality influence the relationship between appraisals and emotions? Recent research suggests individual differences in appraisal structures: people may differ in an emotion's appraisal pattern. We explored individual differences in interest's appraisal structure, assessed as the within-person covariance of appraisals with interest. People viewed images of abstract visual art and provided ratings of interest and of interest's appraisals (novelty–complexity and coping potential) for each picture. A multilevel mixture model found two between-person classes that reflected distinct within-person appraisal styles. For (...)
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  11.  11
    Nonlinear Dynamical Systems Analysis for the Behavioral Sciences Using Real Data.Stephen J. Guastello & Robert A. M. Gregson (eds.) - 2010 - Crc Press.
    Although its roots can be traced to the 19th century, progress in the study of nonlinear dynamical systems has taken off in the last 30 years. While pertinent source material exists, it is strewn about the literature in mathematics, physics, biology, economics, and psychology at varying levels of accessibility. A compendium research methods reflecting the expertise of major contributors to NDS psychology, Nonlinear Dynamical Systems Analysis for the Behavioral Sciences Using Real Data examines the techniques proven to be the most (...)
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  12.  34
    Philosophy as a basis for policy and practice: What confidence can we have in philosophical analysis and argument?James C. Conroy, Robert A. Davis & Penny Enslin - 2008 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 42 (s1):165-182.
    The purpose of this article is to suggest how philosophy might play a key, if precisely delineated, role in the shaping of policy that leads educational development. The argument begins with a reflection on the nature of confidence in the relationship between philosophy and policy. We note the widespread resistance to abstract theorising in the policy community, disguising the enormous potential of a philosophical approach. Defending a philosophically equipped approach to policy, which is inevitably theoretically laden, we argue that philosophical (...)
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  13.  13
    A theorem on shortening the length of proof in formal systems of arithmetic.Robert A. di Paola - 1975 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 40 (3):398-400.
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  14.  7
    Implications of capacity-limited, generative models for human vision.Joseph Scott German & Robert A. Jacobs - 2023 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 46:e391.
    Although discriminative deep neural networks are currently dominant in cognitive modeling, we suggest that capacity-limited, generative models are a promising avenue for future work. Generative models tend to learn both local and global features of stimuli and, when properly constrained, can learn componential representations and response biases found in people's behaviors.
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  15.  19
    Delay of reward in the double alleyway: A within-subjects versus between-groups comparison.Joseph A. Sgro, Robert A. Glotfelty & Bruce D. Moore - 1970 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 84 (1):82.
  16.  17
    Hope, Joy, and Affection in the Classical World. Emotions of the past.Ruth Rothaus Caston & Robert A. Kaster (eds.) - 2016 - Oxford University Press USA.
    The emotions have long been an interest for those studying ancient Greece and Rome. But while the last few decades have produced excellent studies of individual emotions and the different approaches to them by the major philosophical schools, the focus has been almost entirely on negative emotions. This might give the impression that the Greeks and Romans had little to say about positive emotion, something that would be misguided. As the chapters in this collection indicate, there are representations of positive (...)
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  17. Introductory Linguistics (an Excerpt).Robert A. Hall Jr - 1967 - In Donald Clayton Hildum (ed.), Language And Thought: An Enduring Problem In Psychology. London: : Van Nostrand,. pp. 75.
     
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  18.  8
    Serious Leisure and Individuality.Elie Cohen-Gewerc & Robert A. Stebbins - 2013 - Mcgill-Queen's University Press.
    What does it mean to be an individual and how can an individual exist within society? Serious Leisure and Individuality examines the circumstances in the modern world that make for individual distinctiveness, and the role of these conditions in personal and social life. "The individual," said Friedrich Nietzsche, "has always had to struggle to keep from being overwhelmed by the tribe. If you try it, you will be lonely often, and sometimes frightened. But no price is too high to pay (...)
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  19. Pseudo-complements and ordinal logics based on consistency statements.Robert A. Di Paola - 1966 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 31 (3):359-364.
  20. Introduction Gopalkrishnan R. iyer/international exchanges as the basis for conceptualizing ethics in international business Thomas donaldson/the ethical wealth of nations.Claudio Carpano, Robert A. Giacalone & Jeffrey S. Arpan - 2001 - Journal of Business Ethics 31:379-380.
     
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  21.  32
    Tsong Khapa's Speech of Gold in the Essence of True Eloquence: Reason and Enlightenment in the Central Philosophy of Tibet.Robin Kornman & Robert A. F. Thurman - 1988 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 108 (3):503.
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  22.  35
    Self-Regulation of Science: What Can We Still Learn from Asilomar?Carole R. Baskin, Robert A. Gatter, Mark J. Campbell, James M. Dubois & Allison C. Waits - 2016 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 59 (3):364-381.
    Ethical decision-making in public health rarely involves simply avoiding a bad choice in favor of a good choice. Instead, it requires policymakers to strike a balance among conflicting goals that are all good—goals such as the health of populations and individuals, knowledge gained through scientific research, autonomy, social justice, and the efficient use of limited resources. This balance can be elusive, and perfect examples are the legal instruments governing dual-use research, a term describing scientific endeavors meant to produce beneficial knowledge (...)
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  23.  16
    Chemical and electrical stimulation of the rat lateral hypothalamus.Neil M. Kirschner & Robert A. Levitt - 1973 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 2 (4):210-212.
  24.  7
    Democracy and the Party Movement in Prewar Japan: The Failure of the First Attempt.David R. Knechtges & Robert A. Scalapino - 1977 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 97 (3):357.
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  25.  17
    Variations in asymmetry as a function of degree of forward learning.Keith A. Wollen, Robert A. Fox & Douglas H. Lowry - 1970 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 86 (3):416.
  26.  10
    Anxiety as Symptom and Signal.Steven P. Roose & Robert A. Glick (eds.) - 1995 - Routledge.
    The concept of anxiety has long held a central place in psychoanalytic theories of mind and treatment. Yet, in recent years, data from the neurosciences and from pharmacological studies have posed a compelling challenge to psychoanalytic models of anxiety. One major outcome of these studies is the realization that anxiety both organizes and disorganizes, that it can be both symptom and signal. In _Anxiety as Symptom and Signal_, editors Steven Roose and Robert Glick have brought together distinguished contributors to (...)
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  27.  13
    Mouse killing and carrying by Maudsley and Long-Evans strain rats.Daniel J. Lonowski, Robert A. Levitt & Scott D. Larson - 1975 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 6 (6):629-631.
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  28.  9
    The politics of innovation.W. Gibb Dyer & Robert A. Page - 1988 - Knowledge, Technology & Policy 1 (2):23-41.
    Previous studies of technical innovation in organizations have tended to neglect how power and political processes shape the development of new technologies. Our study of new product development at a successful computer graphics company suggests that corporate ideology and politics often determine the success or failure of new product ideas. Four stages of product development are identified along with the political activities and influence tactics used at each stage.
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  29.  12
    Alttestamentliche Anthropologie und die Konstruktion personaler Identität.Robert A. di Vito - 2012 - In Bernd Janowski (ed.), Der Ganze Mensch: Zur Anthropologie der Antike Und Ihrer Europäischen Nachgeschichte. De Gruyter. pp. 129-152.
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  30.  7
    Conditioning of simultaneous and successive common elements in a discrimination and pseudodiscrimination.Heidi Udell & Robert A. Rescorla - 1979 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 14 (6):453-456.
  31.  6
    Semantic influence on visual working memory of object identity and location.Ruoyang Hu & Robert A. Jacobs - 2021 - Cognition 217 (C):104891.
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  32.  5
    Individuation.Robert A. O’Donnell - 1959 - New Scholasticism 33 (1):49-67.
  33.  20
    Some theorems on extensions of arithmetic.Robert A. Di Paola - 1967 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 32 (2):180-189.
  34.  11
    Speed communication and solving social problems.Ole-Johan Eikeland, Robert A. Wicklund & Terje Manger - 2003 - Communications 28 (3):323-337.
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  35.  12
    British Relations with Sind, 1799-1843: An Anatomy of Imperialism.Ainslie T. Embree & Robert A. Huttenback - 1962 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 82 (4):586.
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  36.  16
    Accounting for Complexity: Gene–environment Interaction Research and the Moral Economy of Quantification.Janet K. Shim, Robert A. Hiatt, Sandra Soo-Jin Lee, Katherine Weatherford Darling & Sara L. Ackerman - 2016 - Science, Technology, and Human Values 41 (2):194-218.
    Scientists now agree that common diseases arise through interactions of genetic and environmental factors, but there is less agreement about how scientific research should account for these interactions. This paper examines the politics of quantification in gene–environment interaction research. Drawing on interviews and observations with GEI researchers who study common, complex diseases, we describe quantification as an unfolding moral economy of science, in which researchers collectively enact competing “virtues.” Dominant virtues include molecular precision, in which behavioral and social risk factors (...)
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  37.  10
    Indian spirituality in the west: A bibliographical mapping.Review author[S.]: Robert A. McDermott - 1975 - Philosophy East and West 25 (2):213-239.
  38.  7
    AIDS: The Risks to Insurers, the Threat to Equity.Gerald M. Oppenheimer & Robert A. Padgug - 1986 - Hastings Center Report 16 (5):18-22.
    The AIDS crisis poses a special challenge for American health care, which depends heavily on private insurance to pay medical bills. Can we provide adequate health care to all who need it and still meet the financial requirements of the private health insurance industry? More insurance carriers are turning to antibody testing in order to eliminate poor risks from non‐group, direct‐pay pools. Some cost‐conscious employers have attempted to fire AIDS patients summarily or to exclude AIDS coverage from group insurance policies. (...)
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  39. Naturalism, explanation, and identity.Thomas W. Polger & Robert A. Skipper - manuscript
    Some people believe that there is an “explanatory gap” between the facts of physics and certain other facts about the world—for example, facts about consciousness. The gap is presented as a challenge to any thoroughgoing naturalism or physicalism. We believe that advocates of the explanatory gap have some reasonable expectations that cannot be merely dismissed. We also believe that naturalistic thinkers have the resources to close the explanatory gap, but that they have not adequately explained how and why these resources (...)
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  40.  10
    A factor-analytic study of items to measure forethought development in children and adolescents.Linda J. Sandham & Robert A. Hicks - 1984 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 22 (2):109-112.
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  41.  17
    Effects of transmitter mimickers at sites of angiotensin-induced drinking in the cat.Patrick D. Brophy & Robert A. Levitt - 1974 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 3 (6):432-434.
  42.  21
    Sigmund Freud's assault on myth: An object of civilization's discontent.Chairperson Robert Pois & Robert A. Pois - 1997 - The European Legacy 2 (3):574-578.
  43.  13
    Red Virgin Soil. Soviet Literature in the 1920's.M. Rieser & Robert A. Maguire - 1971 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 29 (4):568.
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  44.  7
    Manhole Covers.Mimi Melnick & Robert A. Melnick - 1994 - MIT Press.
    A poetic study of a singular form of urban industrial art and its place in American culture. They lie underfoot, embellished and gleaming. They seal off and provide entry to an underground world of conduits, water mains, power lines, and sewers. They appear by the thousands in our cities, but very few people ever look at them or think about them as art. At once completely ordinary and totally unexpected, manhole covers present an infinite variety of design in the commonplace (...)
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  45.  36
    Introduction.Claudio Carpano, Robert A. Giacalone & Jeffrey S. Arpan - 2001 - Journal of Business Ethics 31 (1):1 - 2.
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  46.  9
    Adrenergic effects on hypothalamic activity: Alpha and beta agonists and antagonists.Hugh E. Criswell & Robert A. Levitt - 1975 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 5 (6):485-488.
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  47.  47
    Some theoretical principles of societal stratification.Jonathan H. Turner & Robert A. Hanneman - 1984 - Sociological Theory 2:1-22.
    We propose that sociological theory should comprise a series of elementary and abstract principles on the operation of distinctive and generic social processes. These processes intersect and interact in varying combinations to create diverse social forms, including stratification. Six elementary principles, stated as simple equations, are developed for the social processes implicated in societal stratification.
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  48.  22
    Perspectives on the Methods of Chinese Philosophy.Robert A. Carleo Iii - 2018 - Journal of World Philosophies 3 (1):151-156.
    _The Bloomsbury Research Handbook of Chinese Philosophy Methodologies_ offers rich, productive discussion of methodological best practices in Chinese philosophy. The participants to this exchange are largely representative of the diverse methodologies currently undertaken in Chinese philosophy, and their contributions illuminate key dimensions of the nature of comparative work and its possibilities. The volume serves as a valuable introduction to the methodological perspectives of established figures in the field, rehearsing influential views and offering diverse insights. The return to shared themes serves (...)
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  49.  14
    Radical thoughts on ethical leadership.Carole L. Jurkiewicz & Robert A. Giacalone (eds.) - 2017 - Charlotte, NC: Information Age Publishing.
    Radical Thoughts on Ethical Leadership, provides contributions from established scholars with fresh perspectives on ethical leadership, with challenging viewpoints that have been given little coverage in the literature to date. Radical Thoughts on Ethical Leadership includes theoretical perspectives that are founded on unconventional approaches--radical, "outside the box" ideas that would be difficult to get through the conventional journal review process. The volume brings together noted researchers from a variety of disciplines and explore non-mainstream approaches to ethics and social responsibility theory, (...)
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  50.  10
    Effects of logic pretraining on conceptual rule learning.David H. Dodd, Robert A. Kinsman, Raymond D. Klipp & Lyle E. Bourne - 1971 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 88 (1):119.
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