Results for 'Robert A. Reckhow'

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  1. The relative efficiency of propositional proof systems.Stephen A. Cook & Robert A. Reckhow - 1979 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 44 (1):36-50.
  2. Dehumanization, Disability, and Eugenics.Robert A. Wilson - 2021 - In Maria Kronfeldner (ed.), Routledge Handbook of Dehumanization. London, New York: Routledge. pp. 173-186.
    This paper explores the relationship between eugenics, disability, and dehumanization, with a focus on forms of eugenics beyond Nazi eugenics.
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  3.  15
    Francisco Suárez (1548-1617): Jesuits and the complexities of modernity.Robert A. Maryks, Senent de Frutos & Juan Antonio (eds.) - 2019 - Boston: Brill.
    This is a bilingual edition of the selected peer-reviewed papers that were submitted for the International Symposium on Jesuit Studies on the thought of the Jesuit Francisco Suárez (1548-1617). The symposium was co-organized in Seville in 2018 by the Departamento de Humanidades y Filosofía at Universidad Loyola Andalucía and the Institute for Advanced Jesuit Studies at Boston College. Suárez was a theologian, philosopher and jurist who had a significant cultural impact on the development of modernity. Commemorating the four-hundredth anniversary of (...)
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  4.  50
    Bending the rules: morality in the modern world: from relationships to politics and war.Robert A. Hinde - 2007 - New York: Oxford University Press. Edited by Joseph Rotblat.
    Ethical principles and precepts -- The evolution of morality -- Ethics and law -- Exchange and reciprocity : conflict in personal relationships -- Ethics and the physical sciences -- Ethics and medicine -- Ethics and politics -- Ethics and business -- Ethics and war -- What does all this mean for the future? -- Appendix : relations to moral philosophy.
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  5. Biological Individuals.Robert A. Wilson & Matthew J. Barker - 2024 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    The impressive variation amongst biological individuals generates many complexities in addressing the simple-sounding question what is a biological individual? A distinction between evolutionary and physiological individuals is useful in thinking about biological individuals, as is attention to the kinds of groups, such as superorganisms and species, that have sometimes been thought of as biological individuals. More fully understanding the conceptual space that biological individuals occupy also involves considering a range of other concepts, such as life, reproduction, and agency. There has (...)
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  6. Realism, Essence, and Kind: Resuscitating Species Essentialism?Robert A. Wilson - 1999 - In Species: New Interdisciplinary Essays. pp. 187-207.
    This paper offers an overview of "the species problem", arguing for a view of species as homeostatic property cluster kinds, positioning the resulting form of realism about species as an alternative to the claim that species are individuals and pluralistic views of species. It draws on taxonomic practice in the neurosciences, especially of neural crest cells and retinal ganglion cells, to motivate both the rejection of the species-as-individuals thesis and species pluralism.
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  7.  14
    Pharmacy ethics: a foundation for professional practice.Robert A. Buerki - 2013 - Washington, D.C.: American Pharmacists Association. Edited by Louis D. Vottero.
    Pharmacy Ethics: A Foundation for Professional Practice provides a model for examining and resolving ethical dilemmas, thereby helping student pharmacists understand the ethical decision-making process in professional practice.
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  8.  8
    The life and teachings of Tsongkhapa.Robert A. F. Thurman (ed.) - 2018 - Somerville, MA: Wisdom Publications.
    An anthology of the life and teachings of Tsongkhapa that includes transcendental aspects of sutra, tantra, insight meditation, mystic conversations, spiritual songs, and a new introduction by Robert Thurman.
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  9. 1 Myth as primitive philosophy.Robert A. Segal - 2002 - In Kevin Schilbrack (ed.), Thinking through myths: philosophical perspectives. New York: Routledge. pp. 18.
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  10.  87
    On Democracy.Robert A. Dahl - 1998 - Yale University Press.
    Written by the preeminent democratic theorist of our time, this book explains the nature, value, and mechanics of democracy. In a new introduction to this Veritas edition, Ian Shapiro considers how Dahl would respond to the ongoing challenges democracy faces in the modern world. “Within the liberal democratic camp there is considerable controversy about exactly how to define democracy. Probably the most influential voice among contemporary political scientists in this debate has been that of Robert Dahl.”—Marc Plattner, _New York (...)
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  11. Freud's anthropology: a reading of the 'cultural books'.Robert A. Paul - 2006 - In Jerome Neu (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Freud. Cambridge University Press. pp. 267--86.
     
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  12. Philosophy of psychology.Robert A. Wilson - 2005 - In Sahotra Sarkar & Jessica Pfeifer (eds.), The Philosophy of Science: An Encyclopedia. New York: Routledge. pp. 613-619.
    In the good old days, when general philosophy of science ruled the Earth, a simple division was often invoked to talk about philosophical issues specific to particular kinds of science: that between the natural sciences and the social sciences. Over the last 20 years, philosophical studies shaped around this dichotomy have given way to those organized by more fine-grained categories, corresponding to specific disciplines, as the literatures on the philosophy of physics, biology, economics and psychology--to take the most prominent four (...)
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  13. When Traditional Essentialism Fails: Biological Natural Kinds.Robert A. Wilson, Matthew J. Barker & Ingo Brigandt - 2007 - Philosophical Topics 35 (1-2):189-215.
    Essentialism is widely regarded as a mistaken view of biological kinds, such as species. After recounting why (sections 2-3), we provide a brief survey of the chief responses to the “death of essentialism” in the philosophy of biology (section 4). We then develop one of these responses, the claim that biological kinds are homeostatic property clusters (sections 5-6) illustrating this view with several novel examples (section 7). Although this view was first expressed 20 years ago, and has received recent discussion (...)
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  14.  74
    Perspectives on the animal mind.Robert A. Skipper - 2004 - Biology and Philosophy 19 (4):483-487.
    Charles Darwin was one of the first to propose a unified framework with which to understand human and animal behavior. The foundation of Darwin’s framework is his theory of descent with modification. What Darwin was convinced that theory allowed him to say about human and animal behavior is exemplified in the ‘continuity thesis.’ As Darwin put it, ‘there is a much wider interval in mental power between one of the lowest fishes, as a lamprey or lancelet, and one of the (...)
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  15.  31
    Kant's Theory of Evil: An Interpretation and Defense.Robert A. Gressis - 2008 - Dissertation, University of Michigan
    Kant’s theory of evil, presented most fully in his Religion within the Boundaries of Mere Reason, has been consistently misinterpreted since he first presented it. As a result, readers have taken it to be a mess of inconsistencies and eccentricities and so have tried to mine it for an insight or two, dismissed it altogether, or sought to explain how Kant could have gone so wrong. In this work, I provide an interpretation of Kant’s theory of evil that renders it (...)
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  16.  67
    The central philosophy of Tibet: a study and translation of Jey Tsong Khapa's Essence of true eloquence.Robert A. F. Thurman - 1984 - Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press. Edited by Robert A. F. Thurman.
    Originally published under the title: Tsong Khapa's Speech of gold in the Essence of true eloquence.
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  17.  7
    What Are We to Understand Gracia to Mean?: Realist Challenges to Metaphysical Neutralism.Robert A. Delfino (ed.) - 2006 - BRILL.
    This book provides a series of challenges to Jorge J. E. Gracia’s views on metaphysics and categories made by realist philosophers in the Aristotelian and Thomistic traditions. Inclusion of Gracia’s responses to his critics makes this book a useful companion to Gracia’s _Metaphysics and its Task: The Search for the Categorial Foundation of Knowledge_.
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  18.  13
    The Origin of the Young God: Kālidāsa's KumārasaṃbhavaThe Origin of the Young God: Kalidasa's Kumarasambhava.Robert A. Hueckstedt, Hank Heifetz, Kālidāsa & Kalidasa - 1987 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 107 (2):363.
  19.  21
    The dual vision: Alfred Schutz and the myth of phenomenological social science.Robert A. Gorman - 1977 - Boston: Routledge and Kegan Paul.
    Introduction The contemporary study of society is fired by our quest for scientific truth. The very spirit of our age is tangible evidence ...
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  20. Retrieval as a memory modifier: An interpretation of negative recency and related phenomena.Robert A. Bjork - 1975 - In Robert L. Solso (ed.), Information Processing and Cognition: The Loyola Symposium. Lawrence Erlbaum. pp. 123--144.
     
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  21.  59
    Personal Motives, Moral Disengagement, and Unethical Decisions by Entrepreneurs: Cognitive Mechanisms on the “Slippery Slope”.Robert A. Baron, Hao Zhao & Qing Miao - 2015 - Journal of Business Ethics 128 (1):107-118.
    Entrepreneurs sometimes make unethical decisions that have devastating effects on their companies, stakeholders, and themselves. We suggest that insights into the origins of such actions can be acquired through attention to personal motives and their impact on moral disengagement—a cognitive process that deactivates moral self-regulation, thus enabling individuals to behave in ways inconsistent with their own values. We hypothesize that entrepreneurs’ motivation for financial gains is positively related to moral disengagement, while their motivation for self-realization is negatively related to this (...)
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  22. From Darwin to Behaviorism.Robert A. Boakes - 1985 - Behaviorism 13 (2):183-186.
     
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  23.  57
    Two-process learning theory: Relationships between Pavlovian conditioning and instrumental learning.Robert A. Rescorla & Richard L. Solomon - 1967 - Psychological Review 74 (3):151-182.
  24.  29
    Pavlovian conditioning and its proper control procedures.Robert A. Rescorla - 1967 - Psychological Review 74 (1):71-80.
  25. Boundaries of the Mind: The Individual in the Fragile Sciences - Cognition.Robert A. Wilson - 2004 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    Where does the mind begin and end? Most philosophers and cognitive scientists take the view that the mind is bounded by the skull or skin of the individual. Robert Wilson, in this provocative and challenging 2004 book, provides the foundations for the view that the mind extends beyond the boundary of the individual. The approach adopted offers a unique blend of traditional philosophical analysis, cognitive science, and the history of psychology and the human sciences. The companion volume, Genes and (...)
  26.  20
    Confucian freedom: assessing the debate.Robert A. Carleo - 2021 - Asian Philosophy 31 (3):211-228.
    What place does freedom have in Confucianism? We find a wide spectrum of views on the matter: some deny that Confucians value or even conceive of freedom, while others celebrate uniquely exalted forms of Confucian freedom. This paper examines the range of proposals, finding consensus among these diverse views in that all identify distinctive Confucian emphases on (i) subjective affirmation of the good and (ii) the cultivation of desires and intentions to align with that good. The variation among views of (...)
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  27.  56
    The Success of Hyperrational Utility Maximizers in Iterated Prisoner's Dilemma: A Response to Sobel.Robert A. Curtis - 1989 - Dialogue 28 (2):265-.
    Several recent commentators have suggested that for fully rational agents who find themselves in iterated prisoner's dilemmas of indefinite length, co-operation is the rational strategy. Their argument is that these fully rational agents can be taught, through the co-operative actions of other agents, to bypass the dominant move of noncooperation and co-operate instead. The proponents of the “teaching strategy” seem to have ignored the compelling argument of Jordan Howard Sobel. While the teaching argument may work for agents who are less (...)
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  28.  13
    Schools as Factories: The Limits of a Metaphor.Robert A. Davis, James C. Conroy & Julie Clague - 2020 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 54 (5):1471-1488.
  29.  38
    Cut elimination for propositional dynamic logic without.Robert A. Bull - 1992 - Zeitschrift fur mathematische Logik und Grundlagen der Mathematik 38 (1):85-100.
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  30.  37
    Ethics Consultation Quality Assessment Tool: A Novel Method for Assessing the Quality of Ethics Case Consultations Based on Written Records.Robert A. Pearlman, Mary Beth Foglia, Ellen Fox, Jennifer H. Cohen, Barbara L. Chanko & Kenneth A. Berkowitz - 2016 - American Journal of Bioethics 16 (3):3-14.
    Although ethics consultation is offered as a clinical service in most hospitals in the United States, few valid and practical tools are available to evaluate, ensure, and improve ethics consultation quality. The quality of ethics consultation is important because poor quality ethics consultation can result in ethically inappropriate outcomes for patients, other stakeholders, or the health care system. To promote accountability for the quality of ethics consultation, we developed the Ethics Consultation Quality Assessment Tool. ECQAT enables raters to assess the (...)
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  31. Stakeholder Theory and A Principle of Fairness.Robert A. Phillips - 1997 - Business Ethics Quarterly 7 (1):51-66.
    Stakeholder theory has become a central issue in the literature on business ethics / business and society. There are, however, a number of problems with stakeholder theory as currently understood. Among these are: 1) the lack of a coherent justificatory framework, 2) the problem of adjudicating between stakeholders, and 3) the problem of stakeholder identification. In this essay, I propose that a possible source of obligations to stakeholders is the principle of fairness (or fair play) as discussed in the political (...)
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  32. Evolution of the social brain as a distributed neural system.Robert A. Barton - 2009 - In Robin Dunbar & Louise Barrett (eds.), Oxford Handbook of Evolutionary Psychology. Oxford University Press.
     
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  33.  18
    Cut elimination for propositional dynamic logic without.Robert A. Bull - 1992 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 38 (1):85-100.
  34.  10
    Imagination and Creation.Robert A. Delfino & Jerome C. Hillock - 2014-09-19 - In William Irwin & Christopher Robichaud (eds.), Dungeons & Dragons and Philosophy. Wiley. pp. 93–105.
    This chapter examines traditionalists’ arguments why Dungeons Dragons (DD) is good for us first, and then discusses the cases where it could be bad for us. The irony for Christian critics of DD, such as Schnoebelen, is that the philosophical and theological arguments of Christian traditionalists, such as Thomas Aquinas and J.R.R. Tolkien, provide some of the strongest arguments in favor of DD role‐playing. However, to be fair, these same arguments can be used to argue that a particular DD game, (...)
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  35.  71
    Music education and cultural identity.Robert A. Davis - 2005 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 37 (1):47–63.
    Renewed interest in the relationship between music education and cultural identity draws its vigor from strongly divergent sources. Globalized education and globalized musical culture supply new paradigms for understanding the central tasks of music education and their responsibility to a multicultural ethic of diversity, hybridity and difference. Yet recent anthropological studies of musical cognition and development emphasise both the centrality of ethnic and cultural particularism to the formation of musical awareness and the transcultural, factors in which such particularism is embedded. (...)
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  36.  13
    Music Education and Cultural Identity.Robert A. Davis - 2005 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 37 (1):47-63.
    Renewed interest in the relationship between music education and cultural identity draws its vigor from strongly divergent sources. Globalized education and globalized musical culture supply new paradigms for understanding the central tasks of music education and their responsibility to a multicultural ethic of diversity, hybridity and difference. Yet recent anthropological studies of musical cognition and development emphasise both the centrality of ethnic and cultural particularism to the formation of musical awareness and the transcultural, factors in which such particularism is embedded. (...)
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  37.  21
    American philosophy and Rudolf Steiner: Emerson, Thoreau, Peirce, James, Royce, Dewey, Whitehead, feminism.Robert A. McDermott (ed.) - 2012 - Great Barrington, MA: Lindisfarne Books.
    American Philosophy and Rudolf Steiner aspires to raise Steiners profile by digging into just one field of inquiry: philosophy. Before he became known to the world as a transmitter of clairvoyant wisdom, Steiner was an academic philosopher, editor of the scientific writings of Goethe and author of a foundational work in philosophy, The Philosophy of Freedom: The Basis for a Modern Worldview, published in 1894. That book expressed in philosophical terms many of the ideas that would later emerge as integral (...)
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  38. Sociobiology.Robert A. Wilson - 2014 - Eugenics Archives.
    This is an introductory article on sociobiology, particularly its relationship to eugenics. Sociobiology developed in the 1960s as a field within evolutionary biology to explain human social traits and behaviours. Although sociobiology has few direct connections to eugenics, it shares eugenics’ optimistic enthusiasm for extending biological science into the human domain, often with reckless sensationalism. Sociobiology's critics have argued that sociobiology also propagates a kind of genetic determinism and represents the zealous misapplication of science beyond its proper reach that characterized (...)
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  39.  39
    Justice for all?Robert A. Delfino - 2007 - The Philosophers' Magazine 38:82-85.
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  40. How to situate cognition: Letting nature take its course.Robert A. Wilson & Andy Clark - 2009 - In Murat Aydede & P. Robbins (eds.), The Cambridge Handbook of Situated Cognition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 55--77.
    1. The Situation in Cognition 2. Situated Cognition: A Potted Recent History 3. Extensions in Biology, Computation, and Cognition 4. Articulating the Idea of Cognitive Extension 5. Are Some Resources Intrinsically Non-Cognitive? 6. Is Cognition Extended or Only Embedded? 7. Letting Nature Take Its Course.
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  41.  59
    Two Saints and Vatican II.Robert A. Bagnato - 1971 - Thought: Fordham University Quarterly 46 (2):271-280.
    A discussion of the remarkable relation between Saint Francis de Sales, Saint Ignatius Loyola, John XXIII, and the simple but vital ideas of Vatican II.
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  42.  42
    The coordinated structure of mosaic brain evolution.Robert A. Barton - 2001 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (2):281-282.
    The opposition set up between co-ordinated and mosaic brain evolution distracts from the fact that the two go hand-in-hand. Here and elsewhere (Barton & Harvey 2000), I show that the patterns of co- ordinated evolutionary change among brain structures fit a mosaic evolution model. The concept of overarching developmental constraints is unnecessary and is not supported by the data.
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  43.  3
    Plato’s Second Republic: An Essay on the Laws, written by André Laks.Robert A. Ballingall - 2023 - Polis 40 (3):539-546.
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  44.  22
    Brain evolution in Homo: the “hood” theory.Robert A. Barton - 1990 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 13 (2):345-346.
  45.  10
    Independent contrasts analysis of neocortical size and socioecology in primates.Robert A. Barton - 1993 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 16 (4):694-695.
  46.  1
    The text of Thucydides IV 8.6 and the south channel at Pylos.Robert A. Bauslaugh - 1979 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 99:1-6.
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  47. Genes and the Agents of Life: The Individual in the Fragile Sciences Biology.Robert A. Wilson - 2005 - New York, NY, USA: Cambridge University Press.
    Genes and the Agents of Life undertakes to rethink the place of the individual in the biological sciences, drawing parallels with the cognitive and social sciences. Genes, organisms, and species are all agents of life but how are each of these conceptualized within genetics, developmental biology, evolutionary biology, and systematics? The 2005 book includes highly accessible discussions of genetic encoding, species and natural kinds, and pluralism above the levels of selection, drawing on work from across the biological sciences. The book (...)
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  48.  16
    ‘Look on my works ye mighty…’: Iconoclasm, education and the fate of statues.Robert A. Davis - 2021 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 55 (3):534-544.
    Journal of Philosophy of Education, EarlyView.
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  49. Freedom and Shame in Plato's Laws.Robert A. Ballingall - 1998 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 98:145-58.
     
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  50.  62
    Water Into Wine? An Investigation of the Concept of a Miracle.Robert A. Larmer - 1988 - Mcgill-Queen’s University Press.
    In Water into Wine? Robert Larmer re-examines significant issues in this cross-disciplinary debate and attacks two basic assumptions governing it.
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