Results for 'Robert A. Skipper Jr'

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  1. Selection and the Extent of Explanatory Unification.Robert A. Skipper Jr - 1999 - Philosophy of Science 66 (3):209.
    According to Philip Kitcher, scientific unification is achieved via the derivation of numerous scientific statements from economies of argument schemata. I demonstrate that the unification of selection phenomena across domains in which it is claimed to occur--evolutionary biology, immunology and, speculatively, neurobiology--is unattainable on Kitcher's view. I then introduce an alternative method for rendering the desired unification based on the concept of a mechanism schema. I conclude that the gain in unification provided by the alternative account suggests that Kitcher's view (...)
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  2.  77
    (Mis)Interpreting Mathematical Models: Drift as a Physical Process.Michael R. Dietrich, Robert A. Skipper Jr & Roberta L. Millstein - 2009 - Philosophy, Theory, and Practice in Biology 1 (20130604):e002.
    Recently, a number of philosophers of biology have endorsed views about random drift that, we will argue, rest on an implicit assumption that the meaning of concepts such as drift can be understood through an examination of the mathematical models in which drift appears. They also seem to implicitly assume that ontological questions about the causality of terms appearing in the models can be gleaned from the models alone. We will question these general assumptions by showing how the same equation (...)
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  3.  9
    A Shifting Terrain: A Brief History of the Adaptive Landscape.Michael R. Dietrich & Robert A. Skipper Jr - 2012 - In E. Svensson & R. Calsbeek (eds.), The Adaptive Landscape in Evolutionary Biology. Oxford University Press.
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  4.  64
    Calibration of Laboratory Models in Population Genetics.Robert A. Skipper - 2004 - Perspectives on Science 12 (4):369-393.
    : This paper explores the calibration of laboratory models in population genetics as an experimental strategy for justifying experimental results and claims based upon them following Franklin (1986, 1990) and Rudge (1996, 1998). The analysis provided undermines Coyne et al.'s (1997) critique of Wade and Goodnight's (1991) experimental study of Wright's (1931, 1932) Shifting Balance Theory. The essay concludes by further demonstrating how this analysis bears on Diamond's (1986) claims regarding the weakness of laboratory experiments as evidence, and further how (...)
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  5. The Persistence of the R.A. Fisher-Sewall Wright Controversy.Robert A. Skipper - 2002 - Biology and Philosophy 17 (3):341-367.
    This paper considers recent heated debates led by Jerry A. Coyne andMichael J. Wade on issues stemming from the 1929–1962 R.A. Fisher-Sewall Wrightcontroversy in population genetics. William B. Provine once remarked that theFisher-Wright controversy is central, fundamental, and very influential.Indeed,it is also persistent. The argumentative structure of therecent (1997–2000) debates is analyzed with the aim of eliminating a logicalconflict in them, viz., that the two sides in the debates havedifferent aims and that, as such, they are talking past each other. (...)
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  6.  5
    16. A Preliminary Agenda for the Psychology of Science.Robert A. Neimeyer, William R. Shadish Jr, Eric G. Freedman, Barry Gholson & Arthur C. Houts - 1989 - In Barry Gholson (ed.), Psychology of Science: Contributions to Metascience. Cambridge University Press.
  7.  65
    Perspectives on the Animal Mind.Robert A. Skipper - 2004 - Biology and Philosophy 19 (4):483-487.
    Charles Darwin was one of the first to propose a unified framework with which to understand human and animal behavior. The foundation of Darwin’s framework is his theory of descent with modification. What Darwin was convinced that theory allowed him to say about human and animal behavior is exemplified in the ‘continuity thesis.’ As Darwin put it, ‘there is a much wider interval in mental power between one of the lowest fishes, as a lamprey or lancelet, and one of the (...)
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  8.  51
    Manipulating Underdetermination in Scientific Controversy: The Case of the Molecular Clock.Michael R. Dietrich & Robert A. Skipper - 2007 - Perspectives on Science 15 (3):295-326.
    : Where there are cases of underdetermination in scientific controversies, such as the case of the molecular clock, scientists may direct the course and terms of dispute by playing off the multidimensional framework of theory evaluation. This is because assessment strategies themselves are underdetermined. Within the framework of assessment, there are a variety of trade-offs between different strategies as well as shifting emphases as specific strategies are given more or less weight in assessment situations. When a strategy is underdetermined, scientists (...)
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  9.  88
    Population Genetics.Roberta L. Millstein & Robert A. Skipper - 2006 - In David L. Hull & Michael Ruse (eds.), The Cambridge Companion to the Philosophy of Biology. Cambridge University Press.
    Population genetics attempts to measure the influence of the causes of evolution, viz., mutation, migration, natural selection, and random genetic drift, by understanding the way those causes change the genetics of populations. But how does it accomplish this goal? After a short introduction, we begin in section (2) with a brief historical outline of the origins of population genetics. In section (3), we sketch the model theoretic structure of population genetics, providing the flavor of the ways in which population genetics (...)
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  10.  20
    Object Categorization in Gofai Knowledge Representation: The Cyc Project.Robert Skipper Jr - 1994 - Southwest Philosophy Review 10 (2):69-83.
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  11.  21
    Rama S. Singh, Costas B. Krimbas, Diane Paul, and John Beatty : Thinking About Evolution: Historical, Philosophical, and Political Perspectives. [REVIEW]Robert Skipper Jr - 2002 - Philosophy of Science 69 (3):540-543.
  12. Philosophy and the Life Sciences: A Reader.Robert A. Skipper, Collin Allen, Rachel Ankeny, Carl F. Craver, Lindley Darden, Gregory Mikkelson & Robert C. Richardson (eds.) - forthcoming - MIT Press.
  13.  16
    Personal Choice in the Coming Era of Nanomedicine.Robert A. Freitas Jr - forthcoming - Nanoethics: The Social and Ethical Implications of Nanotechnology.
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  14. Obesity and Coercion.Clement Loo & Robert A. Skipper - 2017 - In Mary C. Rawlinson & Caleb Ward (eds.), The Routledge Handbook of Food Ethics. Routledge. pp. 178--187.
     
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  15.  3
    Scribal Practices and Social Structures Among Jesus Adherents: Essays in Honour of John S. Kloppenborg. Edited by William E. Arnal, Richard S. Ascough, Robert A. Derrenbacker Jr., Philip A. Harland. Pp. Xxiv, 630, Leuven, Peeters, 2016, $144.00. [REVIEW]Nicholas King - 2020 - Heythrop Journal 61 (6):1048-1048.
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  16. Naturalism, Explanation, and Identity.Thomas W. Polger & Robert A. Skipper - manuscript
    Some people believe that there is an “explanatory gap” between the facts of physics and certain other facts about the world—for example, facts about consciousness. The gap is presented as a challenge to any thoroughgoing naturalism or physicalism. We believe that advocates of the explanatory gap have some reasonable expectations that cannot be merely dismissed. We also believe that naturalistic thinkers have the resources to close the explanatory gap, but that they have not adequately explained how and why these resources (...)
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  17.  20
    The QS Quantization of Fundamental Particle Mass Robert A. Stone Jr. 1313 Connecticut Ave, Bridgeport, CT 06484 (USA).Fundamental Particle Mass - 2009 - Apeiron: Studies in Infinite Nature 16 (4).
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  18.  11
    The Kensington Rune-Stone Is Genuine: Linguistic, Practical, Methodological Considerations. Robert A. Hall, Jr.R. Page - 1983 - Speculum 58 (3):748-751.
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  19.  16
    Books Available List.Robert A. Ellis, Peter Goodyear, Enrique G. Murillo Jr, Sofia A. Villenas, Ruth Trinidad Galván & Juan Sánchez - 2010 - Educational Studies: A Jrnl of the American Educ. Studies Assoc 46 (3).
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  20.  12
    William R. Shadish, Jr., Arthur C. Houts, Barry Gholson, and Robert A. Neimeyer.Barry Gholson - 1989 - In Psychology of Science: Contributions to Metascience. Cambridge University Press. pp. 1.
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  21.  14
    Adaptation to Prismatic Displacements: Hand Position and Target Location.Robert W. Sekuler & Joseph A. Bauer Jr - 1966 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 72 (2):207.
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  22.  5
    The 4Π Quantization of Fundamental Particle Mass.Robert A. Stone Jr - 2009 - Apeiron: Studies in Infinite Nature 16 (4).
  23. Introductory Linguistics (an Excerpt).Robert A. Hall Jr - 1967 - In Donald C. Hildum (ed.), Language and Thought: An Enduring Problem in Psychology. London: : Van Nostrand,. pp. 75.
     
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  24. Robert C. Sleigh, Jr., Leibniz and Arnauld: A Commentary on Their Correspondence Reviewed By.Nicholas Jolley - 1991 - Philosophy in Review 11 (6):419-420.
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  25. For Further Information and/or to Register for the Seminar, Please Write or Call The Institute of Religion, Texas Medical Center, 1129 Wilkins Blvd., Houston, TX 77030.(713) 797-0600. [REVIEW]Baruch A. Brody, H. Tristram Engelhardt Jr, John E. Fellers, Amir Halevy, B. Andrew Lustig, Elizabeth Heitman, Laurence B. McCullough, Gerald McKenny, J. Robert Nelson & Stuart Spicker - 1995 - HEC Forum 7:5.
     
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  26.  11
    Journal of The Cognitive Science Society.Robert L. Goldstone, John R. Anderson, Nick Chater, Andy Clark, Shimon Edelman, Kenneth Forbus, Dedre Gentner, Raymond W. Gibbs Jr, James Greeno & Robert A. Jacobs - 2004 - Cognitive Science 28 (3).
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  27. Thinking About Evolutionary Mechanisms: Natural Selection.Robert Skipper & Roberta Millstein - 2004 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 36 (2):327-347.
    This paper explores whether natural selection, a putative evolutionary mechanism, and a main one at that, can be characterized on either of the two dominant conceptions of mechanism, due to Glennan and the team of Machamer, Darden, and Craver, that constitute the “new mechanistic philosophy.” The results of the analysis are that neither of the dominant conceptions of mechanism adequately captures natural selection. Nevertheless, the new mechanistic philosophy possesses the resources for an understanding of natural selection under the rubric.
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  28. Stochastic Evolutionary Dynamics: Drift Versus Draft.Robert Skipper - 2006 - Philosophy of Science 73 (5):655-665.
    In a small handful of papers in theoretical population genetics, John Gillespie (2000a, 2000b, 2001) argues that a new stochastic process he calls "genetic draft" is evolutionarily more significant than genetic drift. This case study of chance in evolution explores Gillespie's proposed stochastic evolutionary force and sketches the implications of Gillespie's argument for philosophers' explorations of genetic drift.
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  29.  57
    Mary Anne O'Neil, William E. Cain, Christopher Wise, C. S. Schreiner, Willis Salomon, James A. Grimshaw, Jr., Donald K. Hedrick, Wendell V. Harris, Paul Duro, Julia Epstein, Gerald Prince, Douglas Robinson, Lynne S. Vieth, Richard Eldridge, Robert Stoothoff, John Anzalone, Kevin Walzer, Eric J. Ziolkowski, Jacqueline LeBlanc, Anna Carew-Miller, Alfred R. Mele, David Herman, James M. Lang, Andrew J. McKenna, Michael Calabrese, Robert Tobin, Sandor Goodhart, Moira Gatens, Paul Douglass, John F. Desmond, James L. Battersby, Marie J. Aquilino, Celia E. Weller, Joel Black, Sandra Sherman, Herman Rapaport, Jonathan Levin, Ali Abdullatif Ahmida, David Lewis Schaefer. [REVIEW]Donald Phillip Verene - 1994 - Philosophy and Literature 18 (1):131.
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  30.  9
    An Adventure in Applied Science: A History of the International Rice Research Institute. Robert F. Chandler, Jr.Charles H. Davis - 1983 - Isis 74 (4):595-596.
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  31.  16
    Difficulty of a Discrimination as a Determiner of Subsequent Generalization Along Another Dimension.Charles C. Perkins Jr, Wayne A. Hershberger & Robert G. Weyant - 1959 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 57 (3):181.
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  32.  10
    Book Review Section 2. [REVIEW]Robert N. Barger, J. Nesin Omatseye, Leonard L. Baird, Lois Weis, Charles F. Elton, Linda M. Mcneil, Corinna A. Ethington & Easley Jr - 1986 - Educational Studies 17 (3):384-415.
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  33. Contributions of Psychology to an Integrative Science Studies.William R. Shadish, Jr & Robert A. Neimeyer - 1989 - In Steve Fuller (ed.), The Cognitive Turn: Sociological and Psychological Perspectives on Science. Kluwer Academic Publishers.
  34.  15
    J. H. Negenman. New Atlas of the Bible. Ed. H. H. Rowley, Trans. H. Hoskins and R. Beckley. £5·25.Robert A. Spivey and D. Moody Smith Jr,. Anatomy of the New Testament. £4·20. [REVIEW]M. D. Hooker - 1972 - Religious Studies 8 (2):191.
  35.  13
    Annette C. Baier, Moral Prejudices, 1994, Harvard University Press, Xiii+ 353, Price E33. 95 Robert B. Brandom, Making It Explicit, 1994, Haxvard University Press, Xxv+ 741, Price A39. 95 (Hb) Susan B. Brill, Witfgenstein and Critical Theory, 1994, Ohio. [REVIEW]Peter A. French, Theodore E. Uehling Jr & Howark K. Wettstein - 1995 - Philosophical Investigations 18 (3).
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  36.  46
    Encounters with a Radical Erasmus: Erasmus' Work as a Source of Radical Thought in Early Modern Europe. By Peter G. Bietenholz, Exploiting Erasmus: The Erasmian Legacy and Religious Change in Early Modern England. By Gregory D. Dodds and Paraphrases on the Epistles to the Cortinthians, Ephesians, Philippians, Colossians, and Thessalonians. By Desiderius Erasmus [Collected Works of Erasmus, Vol. 43]. Edited by Robert D. Sider. Translated and Annotated by Mechtilde O'Mara and Edward A. Phillips Jr. [REVIEW]Alastair Hamilton - 2011 - Heythrop Journal 52 (3):500-501.
  37. Expert Knowledge, Ersatz Knowledge, and Economics A Review of Robert F. Garnett Jr (Ed.) What Do Economists Know? New Economics of Knowledge. [REVIEW]D. W. Hands - 2000 - Journal of Economic Methodology 7 (3):449-453.
  38. Trends in High School Dropout Among White Black and Hispanic Youth 1973 to 1989.Robert Mason Hauser, Hanam Samuel Phang, Sydenstricker Neto Jm, S. A. Vosti, L. Rudkin, G. H. Elder Jr, A. Hagell, Veum Jr, A. A. Brewis & R. McNown - 1993 - Journal of Biosocial Science 25 (3):303-10.
     
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  39.  17
    Another Look at the Organization Man:The Organization Man. William H. Whyte, Jr.Robert A. Cornett - 1960 - Ethics 70 (2):164-.
  40.  59
    The Heuristic Role of Sewall Wright’s 1932 Adaptive Landscape Diagram.Robert Skipper - 2004 - Philosophy of Science 71 (5):1176-1188.
    Sewall Wright's adaptive landscape is the most influential heuristic in evolutionary biology. Wright's biographer, Provine, criticized Wright's adaptive landscape, claiming that its heuristic value is dubious because of deep flaws. Ruse has defended Wright against Provine. Ruse claims Provine has not shown Wright's use of the landscape is flawed, and that, even if it were, it is heuristically valuable. I argue that both Provine's and Ruse's analyses of the adaptive landscape are defective and suggest a more adequate understanding of it.
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  41.  12
    Book Review Section 2. [REVIEW]E. V. Johanningmeier, Robert R. Sherman, Wagner Jr, Robert M. Caldwell, George Kizer, Patricia A. Schmuck, Rita S. Saslaw & Lewis E. Cloud - 1977 - Educational Studies 8 (4):437-459.
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  42.  3
    Latin American and Latinx Philosophy: A Collaborative Introduction. Edited by Robert Eli Sanchez, Jr.Amy Reed-Sandoval - 2020 - Teaching Philosophy 43 (4):471-475.
  43. The Image of the Entrepreneur and the Language of the Market: Robert A. Taft, Market Rhetoric, and Political Argument, 1933-1944. [REVIEW]Clarence Wunderlin Jr - 2012 - Libertarian Papers 4.
    During his first decade on the national political stage , Robert A. Taft contributed to a lively “Old Right” conservative critique of the New Deal’s efforts to achieve economic recovery, promote sustainable growth, and convert to a postwar peacetime economy. This paper examines the senator’s market rhetoric—the ideas on the market, entrepreneurship, and the role of the state that he employed in political arguments after 1935—to understand the foundation of his libertarian brand of conservatism. The following article argues that (...)
     
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  44.  38
    On Measuring Ethical Judgments.Robert Skipper & Michael R. Hyman - 1993 - Journal of Business Ethics 12 (7):535 - 545.
    We critique a series of recent papers in which Reidenbach and Robin developed a multidimensional ethics scale. Our critique raises four problems for the scale. First, it is not clear what the scale measures. Second, the semantic differential items used in the scale seem problematic. Third, the scale omits several important ethical rationales. Finally, no caveats accompany the scale to alert managers about its proper and improper use.
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  45.  8
    Education and Bureaucracy.Robert Boyd Skipper - 2018 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 32 (1):57-76.
    I argue that bureaucracies, as described by Max Weber, have essential characteristics that clash with basic educational values. On the one hand, bureaucracies, because of their divisions of labor, inevitably narrow all those who participate. Bureaucracies also, because of the need for impartiality, inevitably dehumanize all who participate. On the other hand, education aims to broaden and humanize those who participate in it. This tension between bureaucracy and education makes bureaucracy an unsuitable mechanism for delivering an education. Bureaucracies are often (...)
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  46.  7
    The White Man's Indian: Images of the American Indian From Columbus to the Present. Robert F. Berkhofer, Jr.Paul A. Erickson - 1980 - Isis 71 (2):323-324.
  47.  94
    Cultivating Original Enlightenment: Wonhyo's Exposition of the Vajrasamadhi-Sutra, by Robert E. Buswell, Jr.Charles Muller - manuscript
    This is a review of the book Cultivating Original Enlightenment: Wŏnhyo's Exposition of the Vajrasamādhi-Sūtra, by Robert E. Buswell, Jr., published by the Univeristy of Hawaii Press. This volume, the first to be published in the Collected Works of Wŏnhyo series, contains the translation of a single text by Wŏnhyo, the Kŭmgang Sammaegyŏng Non.
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  48.  14
    Cunneen's Bresson, on Joseph Cunneen's Robert Bresson: A Spiritual Style in Film.Robert W. Davis Jr - 2005 - Film-Philosophy 9 (4).
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  49.  19
    Ethology: Its Nature and Relations with Other Sciences by Robert A. Hinde. [REVIEW]Richard Burkhardt Jr - 1984 - Isis 75:219-220.
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  50.  29
    A Minimal Pair of Π0 1 Classes.Carl G. Jockusch Jr & Robert I. Soare - 1971 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 36 (1):66 - 78.
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