Results for 'Robert Andrew Wilson'

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Robert A. Wilson
La Trobe University
  1.  21
    How Informed is Consent in Vulnerable Populations? Experience Using a Continuous Consent Process During the MDP301 Vaginal Microbicide Trial in Mwanza, Tanzania.Kavit Natujwa, Soteli Selephina, Kasindi Stella, Shagi Charles, Lees Shelley, Vallely Andrew, Vallely Lisa, McCormack Sheena, Pool Robert & J. Hayes Richard - 2010 - BMC Medical Ethics 11 (1):10.
    Background HIV prevention trials conducted among disadvantaged vulnerable at-risk populations in developing countries present unique ethical dilemmas. A key concern in bioethics is the validity of informed consent for trial participation obtained from research subjects in such settings. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of a continuous informed consent process adopted during the MDP301 phase III vaginal microbicide trial in Mwanza, Tanzania. Methods A total of 1146 women at increased risk of HIV acquisition working as alcohol (...)
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  2.  71
    Cartesian Psychology and Physical Minds: Individualism and the Sciences of the Mind.Robert Andrew Wilson - 1995 - Cambridge University Press.
    This book offers the first sustained critique of individualism in psychology, a view that has been the subject of debate between philosophers such as Jerry Fodor and Tyler Burge for many years. The author approaches individualism as an issue in the philosophy of science and by discussing issues such as computationalism and the mind's modularity he opens the subject up for non-philosophers in psychology and computer science. Professor Wilson carefully examines the most influential arguments for individualism and identifies the (...)
  3. Individualism, Psychological Explanation, and Mental Representation.Robert Andrew Wilson - 1992 - Dissertation, Cornell University
    Individualism in psychology is the view that mental states must be individuated so as to be intrinsic to particular individuals. This view has been thought to impose an intuitive and plausible constraint on explanation in psychology. The dissertation is a sustained examination of individualism, especially with respect to its role in psychological explanation. My particular interest is in showing that individualism is not a constraint on psychology which follows from either psychology's scientific nature, or from the nature of causation or (...)
     
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  4.  6
    Charting the Expansion of Strategic Exploratory Behavior During Adolescence.Leah H. Somerville, Stephanie F. Sasse, Megan C. Garrad, Andrew T. Drysdale, Nadine Abi Akar, Catherine Insel & Robert C. Wilson - 2017 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 146 (2):155-164.
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  5. Boundaries of the Mind: The Individual in the Fragile Sciences - Cognition.Robert A. Wilson - 2004 - Cambridge University Press.
    Where does the mind begin and end? Most philosophers and cognitive scientists take the view that the mind is bounded by the skull or skin of the individual. Robert Wilson, in this provocative and challenging 2004 book, provides the foundations for the view that the mind extends beyond the boundary of the individual. The approach adopted offers a unique blend of traditional philosophical analysis, cognitive science, and the history of psychology and the human sciences. A forthcoming companion volume (...)
  6.  44
    Review of Robert D. Rupert, Cognitive Systems and the Extended Mind[REVIEW]Robert A. Wilson - 2010 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2010 (3).
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  7. Species: New Interdisciplinary Essays.Robert A. Wilson - 1999 - MIT Press.
    This collection of original essays--by philosophers of biology, biologists, and cognitive scientists--provides a wide range of perspectives on species. Including contributions from David Hull, John Dupre, David Nanney, Kevin de Queiroz, and Kim Sterelny, amongst others, this book has become especially well-known for the three essays it contains on the homeostatic property cluster view of natural kinds, papers by Richard Boyd, Paul Griffiths, and Robert A. Wilson.
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  8.  80
    Group-Level Cognition.Robert A. Wilson - 2001 - Philosophy of Science 3 (September):S262-S273.
    David Sloan Wilson has recently revived the idea of a group mind as an application of group selectionist thinking to cognition. Central to my discussion of this idea is the distinction between the claim that groups have a psychology and what I call the social manifestation thesis-a thesis about the psychology of individuals. Contemporary work on this topic has confused these two theses. My discussion also points to research questions and issues that Wilson's work raises, as well as (...)
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  9.  38
    Robert Stern, Understanding Moral Obligation: Kant, Hegel, KierkegaardNew York: Cambridge University Press, 2012 Pp. 292 ISBN 978-1-107-01207-3 , £55.00. [REVIEW]Eric Wilson - 2013 - Kantian Review 18 (3):492-496.
  10.  3
    Robert Renehan: Greek Textual Criticism: A Reader. Pp. Viii + 152. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press , 1969. Cloth, £2·25. [REVIEW]N. G. Wilson - 1972 - The Classical Review 22 (1):146-146.
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  11.  8
    Robert Stern, Kantian Ethics: Value, Agency, and Obligation Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2015 Pp. 304 ISBN 9780198722298 £45.00. [REVIEW]Eric Entrican Wilson - 2017 - Kantian Review 22 (1):167-172.
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  12.  32
    Morality and the Self in Robert Musil's The Perfecting of a Love.Catherine Wilson - 1984 - Philosophy and Literature 8 (2):222-235.
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  13.  31
    Louden, Robert B. Kant’s Impure Ethics: From Rational Beings to Human Beings.Holly L. Wilson - 2001 - Review of Metaphysics 54 (4):923-924.
  14.  20
    Kevin A. Aho. Heidegger's Neglect of the Body (Albany, NY: SUNY Press, 2009), Xv+ 176 Pp. $65.00 Cloth. Kathleen Ahrens, Ed. Politics, Gender and Conceptual Metaphors (Hampshire, UK: Palgrave Macmillan, 2009), Xii+ 275 Pp. Ł50. 00 Cloth. George A. Akerlof and Robert J. Shiller. Animal Spirits: How Human Psychology Drives. [REVIEW]Christopher Andrew, Richard J. Aldrich, Wesley K. Wark Secret Intelligence & A. Reader - 2011 - The European Legacy 16 (2):295-297.
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  15.  10
    Jonathan Andrews;, Andrew Scull. Undertaker of the Mind: John Monro and Mad‐Doctoring in Eighteenth‐Century England. Xxii + 389 Pp., Illus., Notes, Bibl., Index. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2001. $35. [REVIEW]Philip K. Wilson - 2002 - Isis 93 (4):708-709.
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  16.  19
    Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science, Vol. VI . Robert S. Cohen and Raymond J. Seeger . New York: Humanities Press; Dordrecht: D. Reidel. 1970. Pp. Viii, 295. $11.50. [REVIEW]Fred Wilson - 1971 - Dialogue 10 (3):584-589.
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  17.  20
    Robert Renehan: Greek Textual Criticism: A Reader. Pp. Viii + 152. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press (London: Oxford University Press), 1969. Cloth, £2·25. [REVIEW]N. G. Wilson - 1972 - The Classical Review 22 (01):146-.
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  18.  7
    Robert Weston. Medical Consulting by Letter in France, 1665–1789. Vi + 228 Pp., Tables, Bibl., Index. Farnham, Surrey: Ashgate, 2013. £70 .Joël Coste. Les Écrits de la Souffrance: La Consultation Médicale En France . 272 Pp., Figs., Tables, Bibl., Index. Ceyzérieu: Champ Vallon, 2014. €20.10. [REVIEW]Lindsay Wilson - 2016 - Isis 107 (1):163-165.
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  19.  6
    Robert Kargon & Peter Achinstein . Kelvin's Baltimore Lectures and Modern Theoretical Physics: Historical and Philosophical Perspectives. Cambridge, Massachusetts and London: The MIT Press, 1987. Pp. Xii + 547. ISBN 0-262-11117-9. £35.95. [REVIEW]David Wilson - 1989 - British Journal for the History of Science 22 (1):109-110.
  20.  6
    Robert Hooke: Tercentennial Studies. [REVIEW]Catherine Wilson - 2007 - Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 98:626-627.
  21.  3
    Michael Cooper;, Michael Hunter .Robert Hooke: Tercentennial Studies. Xxi + 335 Pp., Figs., Tables, Bibl., Index. Burlington, Vt.: Ashgate Publishing Company, 2006. $99.95. [REVIEW]Catherine Wilson - 2007 - Isis 98 (3):626-627.
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  22.  1
    Andrew Warwick. Masters of Theory: Cambridge and the Rise of Mathematical Physics. 520 Pp., Illus., Bibl., Index. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2003. $85 ; $29. [REVIEW]David B. Wilson - 2004 - Isis 95 (1):130-131.
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  23. Andrew Marvell: Upon The Hill And Grove At Bill-Borow And Musicks Empire,”.A. Wilson - 1969 - Bulletin of the John Rylands Library 51 (2):453.
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  24. The Theory of Island Biogeography.Robert H. Macarthur & Edward O. Wilson - 2002 - Journal of the History of Biology 35 (1):178-179.
  25. The Sound of Music: Externalist Style.Luke Kersten & Robert A. Wilson - 2016 - American Philosophical Quarterly 53 (2):139-154.
    Philosophical exploration of individualism and externalism in the cognitive sciences most recently has been focused on general evaluations of these two views (Adams & Aizawa 2008, Rupert 2008, Wilson 2004, Clark 2008). Here we return to broaden an earlier phase of the debate between individualists and externalists about cognition, one that considered in detail particular theories, such as those in developmental psychology (Patterson 1991) and the computational theory of vision (Burge 1986, Segal 1989). Music cognition is an area in (...)
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  26.  10
    Cartesian Psychology and Physical Minds.Robert A. Wilson - 1997 - Philosophical Quarterly 47 (188):392-395.
    This book offers a sustained critique of individualism in psychology, a view that has been the subject of debate between philosophers such as Jerry Fodor and Tyler Burge for many years. The author approaches individualism as an issue in the philosophy of science and by discussing issues such as computationalism and the mind's modularity he opens the subject up for non-philosophers in psychology and computer science. Professor Wilson carefully examines the most influential arguments for individualism and identifies the main (...)
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  27.  33
    The Shadows and Shallows of Explanation.Frank C. Keil & Robert A. Wilson - 2000 - In Frank C. Keil & Robert A. Wilson (eds.), Minds and Machines. MIT Press.. pp. 137-159.
    Reprinted, with modification, from Wilson and Keil 1998.
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  28.  11
    Heart Transplantation and Arterial Elasticity.M. Colvin-Adams, N. Harcourt, R. LeDuc, G. Raveendran, Y. Sonbol, R. Wilson & D. Duprez - 2013 - Transplant Research and Risk Management 2014.
    Monica Colvin-Adams,1 Nonyelum Harcourt,1 Robert LeDuc,2 Ganesh Raveendran,1 Yassir Sonbol,3 Robert Wilson,1 Daniel Duprez11Cardiovascular Division, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USA; 2Division of Biostatistics University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USA; 3Cardiovascular Division, St Luke's Hospital System, Sugar Land, TX, USAObjective: Arterial elasticity is a functional biomarker that has predictive value for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in nontransplant populations. There is little information regarding arterial elasticity in heart transplant recipients. This study aimed to characterize small and large artery (...)
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  29.  5
    J.G. Frazer: His Life And Work : Robert Ackerman , X + 348pp., £35.00. [REVIEW]Peter J. Wilson - 1989 - History of European Ideas 10 (2):248-249.
  30.  18
    Sociobiology.Robert A. Wilson - 2014 - Eugenics Archives.
    Sociobiology developed in the 1960s as a field within evolutionary biology to explain human social traits and behaviours. Although sociobiology has few direct connections to eugenics, it shares eugenics’ optimistic enthusiasm for extending biological science into the human domain, often with reckless sensationalism. Sociobiology's critics have argued that sociobiology also propagates a kind of genetic determinism and represents the zealous misapplication of science beyond its proper reach that characterized the eugenics movement. More recently, evolutionary psychology represents a sophistication of sociobiology (...)
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  31.  7
    The ECOUTER Methodology for Stakeholder Engagement in Translational Research.Madeleine J. Murtagh, Joel T. Minion, Andrew Turner, Rebecca C. Wilson, Mwenza Blell, Cynthia Ochieng, Barnaby Murtagh, Stephanie Roberts, Oliver W. Butters & Paul R. Burton - 2017 - BMC Medical Ethics 18 (1):24.
    Because no single person or group holds knowledge about all aspects of research, mechanisms are needed to support knowledge exchange and engagement. Expertise in the research setting necessarily includes scientific and methodological expertise, but also expertise gained through the experience of participating in research and/or being a recipient of research outcomes. Engagement is, by its nature, reciprocal and relational: the process of engaging research participants, patients, citizens and others brings them closer to the research but also brings the research closer (...)
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  32.  1
    Realizing Informed Consent in Times of Controversy: Lessons From the SUPPORT Study.Robert J. Morse & Robin Fretwell Wilson - 2016 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 44 (3):402-418.
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  33. Strange Weather: Culture, Science and Technology in the Age of Limits.Andrew Ross & Alexander Wilson - 1993 - Utopian Studies 4 (1):184-187.
  34.  6
    Microtubule Treadmilling: What Goes Around Comes Around.Robert L. Margolis & Leslie Wilson - 1998 - Bioessays 20 (10):830-836.
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  35.  15
    Two-Choice Behavior of Paradise Fish.Robert R. Bush & Thurlow R. Wilson - 1956 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 51 (5):315.
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  36.  7
    The States of South Asia: Problems of National Integration.Robert J. Young, A. Jayaratnam Wilson & Dennis Dalton - 1984 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 104 (4):781.
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  37.  6
    Life and Career.Andrew Thomson & Iohn Wilson - 2013 - In Morgen Witzel & Malcolm Warner (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Management Theorists. Oxford University Press. pp. 113.
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  38. Linking Adaptation and Similarity Learning.David B. Leake, Andrew Kinley & David Wilson - 1996 - Proceedings of the Eighteenth Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society:591--596.
  39. How to Situate Cognition: Letting Nature Take its Course.Robert A. Wilson & Andy Clark - 2009 - In Murat Aydede & P. Robbins (eds.), The Cambridge Handbook of Situated Cognition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 55--77.
    1. The Situation in Cognition 2. Situated Cognition: A Potted Recent History 3. Extensions in Biology, Computation, and Cognition 4. Articulating the Idea of Cognitive Extension 5. Are Some Resources Intrinsically Non-Cognitive? 6. Is Cognition Extended or Only Embedded? 7. Letting Nature Take Its Course.
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  40.  56
    Genes and the Agents of Life: The Individual in the Fragile Sciences Biology.Robert A. Wilson - 2005 - New York, NY, USA: Cambridge University Press.
    Genes and the Agents of Life undertakes to rethink the place of the individual in the biological sciences, drawing parallels with the cognitive and social sciences. Genes, organisms, and species are all agents of life but how are each of these conceptualized within genetics, developmental biology, evolutionary biology, and systematics? The book includes highly accessible discussions of genetic encoding, species and natural kinds, and pluralism above the levels of selection, drawing on work from across the biological sciences. The book is (...)
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  41.  4
    Embodied Cognition is Not What You Think It Is.Andrew D. Wilson & Sabrina Golonka - 2013 - Frontiers in Psychology 4.
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  42. When Traditional Essentialism Fails.Robert A. Wilson, Matthew J. Barker & Ingo Brigandt - 2007 - Philosophical Topics 35 (1-2):189-215.
    Essentialism is widely regarded as a mistaken view of biological kinds, such as species. After recounting why (sections 2-3), we provide a brief survey of the chief responses to the “death of essentialism” in the philosophy of biology (section 4). We then develop one of these responses, the claim that biological kinds are homeostatic property clusters (sections 5-6) illustrating this view with several novel examples (section 7). Although this view was first expressed 20 years ago, and has received recent discussion (...)
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  43. Extended Mind and Identity.Robert A. Wilson & Bartlomiej Lenart - 2014 - In Jens Clausen & Neil Levy (eds.), Handbook of Neuroethics. Springer. pp. 423-439.
    Dominant views of personal identity in philosophy take some kind of psychological continuity or connectedness over time to be criterial for the identity of a person over time. Such views assign psychological states, particularly those necessary for narrative memory of some kind, special importance in thinking about the nature of persons. The extended mind thesis, which has generated much recent discussion in the philosophy of mind and cognitive science, holds that a person’s psychological states can physically extend beyond that person’s (...)
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  44. Eugenics Never Went Away.Robert A. Wilson - 2018 - Aeon 2018.
    Eugenics does not feel so distant from where I stand. This essay explains why.
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  45. A Conceptual and Empirical Framework for the Social Distribution of Cognition: The Case of Memory.Amanda Barnier, John Sutton, Celia Harris & Robert A. Wilson - 2008 - Cognitive Systems Research 9 (1):33-51.
    In this paper, we aim to show that the framework of embedded, distributed, or extended cognition offers new perspectives on social cognition by applying it to one specific domain: the psychology of memory. In making our case, first we specify some key social dimensions of cognitive distribution and some basic distinctions between memory cases, and then describe stronger and weaker versions of distributed remembering in the general distributed cognition framework. Next, we examine studies of social influences on memory in cognitive (...)
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  46. Wide Computationalism.Robert A. Wilson - 1994 - Mind 103 (411):351-72.
    The computational argument for individualism, which moves from computationalism to individualism about the mind, is problematic, not because computationalism is false, but because computational psychology is, at least sometimes, wide. The paper provides an early, or perhaps predecessor, version of the thesis of extended cognition.
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  47. Meaning Making and the Mind of the Externalist.Robert A. Wilson - 2010 - In Richard Menary (ed.), The Extended Mind. MIT Press. pp. 167--188.
    This paper attempts to do two things. First, it recounts the problem of intentionality, as it has typically been conceptualized, and argues that it needs to be reconceptualized in light of the radical form of externalism most commonly referred to as the extended mind thesis. Second, it provides an explicit, novel argument for that thesis, what I call the argument from meaning making, and offers some defense of that argument. This second task occupies the core of the paper, and in (...)
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  48.  54
    The Biological Notion of Individual.Robert A. Wilson & Matthew J. Barker - 2013 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Individuals are a prominent part of the biological world. Although biologists and philosophers of biology draw freely on the concept of an individual in articulating both widely accepted and more controversial claims, there has been little explicit work devoted to the biological notion of an individual itself. How should we think about biological individuals? What are the roles that biological individuals play in processes such as natural selection (are genes and groups also units of selection?), speciation (are species individuals?), and (...)
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  49. Two Views of Realization.Robert A. Wilson - 2001 - Philosophical Studies 104 (1):1-31.
    This paper examines the standard view of realization operative incontemporary philosophy of mind, and proposes an alternative, generalperspective on realization. The standard view can be expressed, insummary form, as the conjunction of two theses, the sufficiency thesis andthe constitutivity thesis. Physicalists of both reductionist and anti-reductionist persuasions share a conception of realization wherebyrealizations are determinative of the properties they realize and physically constitutive of the individuals with those properties. Centralto the alternative view that I explore here is the idea that (...)
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  50. Collective Memory, Group Minds, and the Extended Mind Thesis.Robert A. Wilson - 2005 - Cognitive Processing 6 (4).
    While memory is conceptualized predominantly as an individual capacity in the cognitive and biological sciences, the social sciences have most commonly construed memory as a collective phenomenon. Collective memory has been put to diverse uses, ranging from accounts of nationalism in history and political science to views of ritualization and commemoration in anthropology and sociology. These appeals to collective memory share the idea that memory ‘‘goes beyond the individual’’ but often run together quite different claims in spelling out that idea. (...)
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