Results for 'Robert Anthony Williams'

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  1. Seeing a Cohr-Blind Future: The Paradox of Race (New York: Farrar, Straus and GiroUX, 1997); Robert Gooding-Williams," Race. Multiculturalism, and Democracy,".Patricia J. Williams - 1998 - Constellations 5:i8 - 41.
     
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  2.  2
    Just War: Authority, Tradition, and Practice. Edited by Anthony F. Lang Jr., Cian O'Driscoll, and John Williams. Pp. Viii, 328, Washington, DC, Georgetown University Press, 2013, $26.50. [REVIEW]John R. Williams - 2015 - Heythrop Journal 56 (3):509-511.
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  3. What Does the Modularity of Morals Have to Do With Ethics? Four Moral Sprouts Plus or Minus a Few.Owen Flanagan & Robert Anthony Williams - 2010 - Topics in Cognitive Science 2 (3):430-453.
    Flanagan (1991) was the first contemporary philosopher to suggest that a modularity of morals hypothesis (MMH) was worth consideration by cognitive science. There is now a serious empirically informed proposal that moral competence is best explained in terms of moral modules-evolutionarily ancient, fast-acting, automatic reactions to particular sociomoral experiences (Haidt & Joseph, 2007). MMH fleshes out an idea nascent in Aristotle, Mencius, and Darwin. We discuss the evidence for MMH, specifically an ancient version, “Mencian Moral Modularity,” which claims four innate (...)
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  4.  19
    New Books. [REVIEW]C. J. F. Williams, Anthony Savile, Richard Norman, Robert Black, R. G. Swinburne, David Holdcroft, Eva Schaper, Thomas McPheron & Karl Britton - 1973 - Mind 82 (328):617-638.
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  5.  35
    Confusion in Philosophy: A Comment on Williams (1992).David M. Williams, Robert W. Scotland, Christopher J. Humphries & Darrell J. Siebert - 1996 - Synthese 108 (1):127 - 136.
    Patricia Williams made a number of claims concerning the methods and practise of cladistic analysis and classification. Her argument rests upon the distinction of two kinds of hierarchy: a divisional hierarchy depicting evolutionary descent and the Linnean hierarchy describing taxonomic groups in a classification. Williams goes on to outline five problems with cladistics that lead her to the conclusion that systematists should eliminate cladism as a school of biological taxonomy and to replace it either with something that is (...)
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  6.  9
    G. W. F. Hegel, Robert F. Brown (Ed., Tr.), Lectures on the History of Philosophy 1825-6: Volume I: Introduction and Oriental Philosophy[REVIEW]Robert R. Williams - 2010 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2010 (7).
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  7.  9
    Review of Robert M. Wallace, Hegel's Philosophy of Reality, Freedom, and God[REVIEW]Robert R. Williams - 2006 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2006 (1).
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  8. Hegel’s True Infinity As Panentheism: Reply to Robert Wallace.Robert R. Williams - 2010 - The Owl of Minerva 42 (1/2):137-152.
    Hegel’s True Infinite is “well known” but there is little consensus concerning its meaning. The true infinite is introduced in Hegel’s deconstruction of traditional conceptions of quality, determinacy and reality as wholly positive and from which negation, limitation and determinacy are excluded. Everything is other than and unrelated to everything else. These assumptions yield the stubborn category of finitude as an absolute limit, and of God as abstract unknowable Beyond. But Hegel claims that every attempt to separate the infinite from (...)
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  9.  23
    Tragedy, Recognition, and the Death of God: Studies in Hegel and Nietzsche.Robert R. Williams - 2012 - Oxford University Press.
    Robert R. Williams offers a bold new account of divergences and convergences in the work of Hegel and Nietzsche. He explores four themes - the philosophy of tragedy; recognition and community; critique of Kant; and the death of God - and explicates both thinkers' critiques of traditional theology and metaphysics.
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  10.  10
    Beyond Hegel and Nietzsche: Philosophy, Culture and Agency (Review). [REVIEW]Robert R. Williams - 2002 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 40 (3):408-409.
    Robert R. Williams - Beyond Hegel and Nietzsche: Philosophy, Culture and Agency - Journal of the History of Philosophy 40:3 Journal of the History of Philosophy 40.3 408-409 Book Review Beyond Hegel and Nietzsche: Philosophy, Culture and Agency Elliot L. Jurist. Beyond Hegel and Nietzsche: Philosophy, Culture and Agency. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press, 2000. Pp. xii + 355. Cloth, $37.95. Challenging the contemporary consensus that one must choose either Hegel or Nietzsche, Elliot Jurist joins the "rapprochement thesis" (...)
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  11. Expressivism, Pragmatism and Representationalism.Huw Price, Simon Blackburn, Robert Brandom, Paul Horwich & Michael Williams - 2013 - Cambridge University Press.
    Pragmatists have traditionally been enemies of representationalism but friends of naturalism, when naturalism is understood to pertain to human subjects, in the sense of Hume and Nietzsche. In this volume Huw Price presents his distinctive version of this traditional combination, as delivered in his René Descartes Lectures at Tilburg University in 2008. Price contrasts his view with other contemporary forms of philosophical naturalism, comparing it with other pragmatist and neo-pragmatist views such as those of Robert Brandom and Simon Blackburn. (...)
     
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  12.  1
    Evolution and Human Values.Robert Wesson & Patricia A. Williams (eds.) - 1995 - Rodopi.
    Initiated by Robert Wesson, Evolution and Human Values is a collection of newly written essays designed to bring interdisciplinary insight to that area of thought where human evolution intersects with human values. The disciplines brought to bear on the subject are diverse - philosophy, psychiatry, behavioral science, biology, anthropology, psychology, biochemistry, and sociology. Yet, as organized by co-editor Patricia A. Williams, the volume falls coherently into three related sections. Entitled "Evolutionary Ethics," the first section brings contemporary research to (...)
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  13. Hegel's Ethics of Recognition.Robert R. Williams - 1997 - University of California Press.
    In this significant contribution to Hegel scholarship, Robert Williams develops the most comprehensive account to date of Hegel's concept of recognition. Fichte introduced the concept of recognition as a presupposition of both Rousseau's social contract and Kant's ethics. Williams shows that Hegel appropriated the concept of recognition as the general pattern of his concept of ethical life, breaking with natural law theory yet incorporating the Aristotelian view that rights and virtues are possible only within a certain kind (...)
     
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  14.  2
    Stephen Ogden, Carol Poster, Cathleen M. Bauschatz, Geoffrey Galt Harpham, Paul J. Korshin, Harvey L. Hix, William Walker, John Goodliffe, William Flesch, Anthony J. Cascardi, Graham Zanker, Ellen S. Fine, James G. Williams, John D. Cox, Véronique M. Fóti, Robert W. Burch, Susan B. Brill, John Durham Peters, David Gorman, Tony E. Jackson, Dora E. Polachek, Mark Stocker, Eric Dean, David Herman, Virginia A. La Charité, Edward E. Foster, C. W. Spinks, Paul M. Hedeen, Ruth Groenhout, Adriano P. Palma, Roblin Meeks, David Wetsel, Tom Conley, Dan Latimer, Michael Calabrese, Edward Donald Kennedy, Catharine Savage Brosman, Merold Westphal, Patrick Henry. [REVIEW]David Novitz - 1995 - Philosophy and Literature 19 (2):360.
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  15.  9
    Evolved Ethics Re-Examined: The Theory of Robert J. Richards. [REVIEW]Patricia Williams - 1990 - Biology and Philosophy 5 (4):451-457.
    Richards's theory, then, fails on three counts. By illegitimately importing a premise from outside of the theory of evolution in order to construct a valid argument, Richards has failed to achieve his objective of deriving a moral theory exclusively from biological facts. By sliding from a causal use of “ought” to a moral one, Richards commits the fallacy of ambiguity. And by insisting that action from the motive of altruism is moral while claiming that an ethical theory which justifies Hitler's (...)
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  16. Robert B. Kruschwitz and Robert C. Roberts, Eds., The Virtues: Contemporary Essays on Moral Character. [REVIEW]Clifford Williams - 1987 - Philosophy in Review 7 (6):239-241.
     
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  17. ¿ Es enunciable el contextualismo?: una respuesta a Robert Fogelin.Michael Williams - 2000 - Teorema: International Journal of Philosophy 19 (3):81-86.
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  18. Glyn S. Burgess and Robert A. Taylor, Eds., with Alan Deyermond, Denni Green, and Beryl Rowland, The Spirit of the Court. Selected Proceedings of the Fourth Congress of the International Courtly Literature Society (Toronto 1983). Woodbridge, Suffolk, and Dover, N.H.: D. S. Brewer, 1985. Pp. 408. $59.25. [REVIEW]Harry F. Williams - 1987 - Speculum 62 (2):392-394.
     
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  19.  2
    The Great Principles of Science by Robert M. Hazen. [REVIEW]L. Williams - 2001 - Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 92:596-597.
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  20.  6
    In Defense of Human Dignity: Essays for Our Times (Loyola Topics in Political Philosophy). Edited by Robert P. Kraynak and Glenn Tinder.John R. Williams - 2010 - Heythrop Journal 51 (2):340-341.
  21. Cellular Neuropathology Associated with Cognitive and Behavioural Dysfunction in a Mouse Model of Williams-Beuren Syndrome.Chang Cecilia Chin Roei, Canales Cesar, Power John, Hannan Anthony, Hardeman Edna & Palmer Stephen - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  22. Antiquity Le Problème des Métaux Dans la Science Antique. By Robert Halleux. Paris: Société d'Edition ‘Les Belles Lettres’, 1974, Pp. Xvi + 236. 40 Francs. [REVIEW]A. R. Williams - 1977 - British Journal for the History of Science 10 (2):169.
  23. From Constantine the Great to Robert the Bruce: The Elgin Porphyry.See D. Williams - 2004 - Minerva 15 (1):40-2.
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  24. Illuminating the Complexities of Ethical Decision Making: APA Ethics Code Commentary and Case Illustrations. Linda Campbell, Melba Vasquez, Stephen Behnke, and Robert Kinscherff. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association, 2010, 392 Pages, $69.95 (Hardcover). [REVIEW]Sharon E. Williams & Rebecca A. Rialon - 2011 - Ethics and Behavior 21 (3):261-262.
  25. John K. Bollard, Ed. And Trans., and Anthony Griffiths, Photographer,Englynion y Beddau: The Stanzas of the Graves. Llanrwst, UK: Gwasg Carreg Gwalch, 2015. Paper. Pp. 144; Many Color Figures and 1 Map. £12. ISBN: 978-1-84527-509-9. [REVIEW]Myriah Williams - 2016 - Speculum 91 (1):180-181.
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  26. Robert B. Louden, Kant's Human Being: Essays On His Theory Of Human Nature Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011 Pp. 256 Isbn 9780199768714 , £45. [REVIEW]Howard Williams - 2013 - Kantian Review 18 (1):154-157.
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  27. Robert Campbell , "New Morality or No Morality". [REVIEW]B. A. Williams - 1970 - The Thomist 34 (3):502.
     
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  28. Robert Carsen's Production of Les Contes d'Hoffmann : An Exercise in Theatrical Self-Reflection.Simon Williams - 2010 - In Walter Bernhart & Werner Wolf (eds.), Self-Reference in Literature and Other Media. Rodopi.
     
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  29. The Lunar Society of Birmingham; A Social History of Provincial Science and Industry in Eighteenth-Century England. By Robert E. Schofield. Pp. X + 491. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1963. 70s. Net. [REVIEW]Trevor I. Williams - 1965 - British Journal for the History of Science 2 (4):361.
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  30. The Spirit of the CourtGlyn S. Burgess Robert A. Taylor Alan Deyermond Dennis Green Beryl Rowland.Harry F. Williams - 1987 - Speculum 62 (2):392-394.
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  31.  39
    Generalized Probabilism: Dutch Books and Accuracy Domination. [REVIEW]J. Robert G. Williams - 2012 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 41 (5):811-840.
    Jeff Paris proves a generalized Dutch Book theorem. If a belief state is not a generalized probability then one faces ‘sure loss’ books of bets. In Williams I showed that Joyce’s accuracy-domination theorem applies to the same set of generalized probabilities. What is the relationship between these two results? This note shows that both results are easy corollaries of the core result that Paris appeals to in proving his dutch book theorem. We see that every point of accuracy-domination defines (...)
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  32.  81
    Justifying Circumstances and Moore-Paradoxical Beliefs: A Response to Brueckner.John N. Williams - 2009 - Analysis 69 (3):490-496.
    In 2004, I explained the absurdity of Moore-paradoxical belief via the syllogism (Williams 2004): (1) All circumstances that justify me in believing that p are circumstances that tend to make me believe that p. (2) All circumstances that tend to make me believe that p are circumstances that justify me in believing that I believe that p. (3) All circumstances that justify me in believing that p are circumstances that justify me in believing that I believe that p. I (...)
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  33.  67
    Indeterminate Survival.Robert Williams - manuscript -
    Most views of personal identity allow that sometimes, facts of personal identity can be borderline or indeterminate. Bernard Williams argued that regarding questions of one’s own survival as borderline “had no comprehensible representation” in one’s emotions and expectations. Whether this is the case, I will argue, depends crucially on what account of indeterminacy is presupposed.
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  34.  46
    Chancy Counterfactuals, Redux: Response to Dodd.J. Robert G. Williams - unknown -
    Chancy counterfactuals are a headache. Dylan Dodd (2009) presents an interesting argument against a certain general strategy for accounting for them, instances of which are found in the appendices to Lewis (1979) and in Williams (2008). I will argue (i) that Dodd’s understates the counterintuitiveness of the conclusions he can reach; (ii) that the counterintuitiveness can be thought of as an instance of more general oddities arising when we treat vagueness and indeterminacy in a classical setting; and (iii) the (...)
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  35.  32
    Dutch Books and Accuracy Domination.J. Robert G. Williams - unknown -
    Jeff Paris (2001) proves a generalized Dutch Book theorem. If a belief state is not a generalized probability (a kind of probability appropriate for generalized distributions of truth-values) then one faces ‘sure loss’ books of bets. In Williams (manuscript) I showed that Joyce’s (1998) accuracy-domination theorem applies to the same set of generalized probabilities. What is the relationship between these two results? This note shows that (when ‘accuracy’ is treated via the Brier Score) both results are easy corollaries of (...)
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  36.  35
    The Impact of Banality, Risky Shift and Escalating Commitment on Ethical Decision Making.Robert W. Armstrong, Robert J. Williams & J. Douglas Barrett - 2004 - Journal of Business Ethics 53 (4):365-370.
    This paper posits that organizational variables are the factors that lead to the moral decline of companies like Enron and Worldcom. The individuals involved created environments within the organizations that precipitated a spiral of unethical decision-making. It is proposed that at the executive level, it is the organizational factors associated with power and decision-making that have the critical influence on moral and ethical behavior. The study has used variables that were deemed to be surrogate measures of the ethical violations (OSHA (...)
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  37.  6
    Education and Values: The Richard Peters' Lectures.G. Haydon, Alasdair Macintyre, Anthony Quinton & Bernard Williams - 1988 - British Journal of Educational Studies 36 (3):271-271.
  38.  13
    Editions and Translations.James Wetzel, Leonard F. Wheat, Robert L. Wicks, Robert R. Williams & David Wolfsdorf - 2013 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 51 (3):503-505.
  39.  2
    Eye Color and the Pupillary Attributions of College Students to Happy and Angry Faces.Robert A. Hicks, Susan L. Williams & Felice Ferrante - 1979 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 13 (1):55-56.
  40.  2
    Stakeholder Management Online: An Empirical Analysis of US and Swedish Political Party Web Sites.Robert A. Opoku & Edem B. Williams - 2010 - Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society 8 (3):249-269.
  41.  3
    Book Review Section 2. [REVIEW]Kelleen Toohey, Bill Johnston, C. Philip Kearney, Robert R. Sherman, Stephen S. Williams, William M. Stallings, Philip A. Cusick, Doris Walker Weathers, Ronald Podeschi & Elaine Pearson - 1989 - Educational Studies 20 (3):296-351.
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  42.  79
    Decision-Making Under Indeterminacy.J. Robert G. Williams - 2014 - Philosophers' Imprint 14 (4).
    Decisions are made under uncertainty when there are distinct outcomes of a given action, and one is uncertain to which the act will lead. Decisions are made under indeterminacy when there are distinct outcomes of a given action, and it is indeterminate to which the act will lead. This paper develops a theory of (synchronic and diachronic) decision-making under indeterminacy that portrays the rational response to such situations as inconstant. Rational agents have to capriciously and randomly choose how to resolve (...)
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  43. Ontic Vagueness and Metaphysical Indeterminacy.J. Robert G. Williams - 2008 - Philosophy Compass 3 (4):763-788.
    Might it be that world itself, independently of what we know about it or how we represent it, is metaphysically indeterminate? This article tackles in turn a series of questions: In what sorts of cases might we posit metaphysical indeterminacy? What is it for a given case of indefiniteness to be 'metaphysical'? How does the phenomenon relate to 'ontic vagueness', the existence of 'vague objects', 'de re indeterminacy' and the like? How might the logic work? Are there reasons for postulating (...)
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  44. A Theory of Metaphysical Indeterminacy.Elizabeth Barnes & J. Robert G. Williams - 2011 - In Karen Bennett & Dean W. Zimmerman (eds.), Oxford Studies in Metaphysics volume 6. Oxford University Press. pp. 103-148.
    If the world itself is metaphysically indeterminate in a specified respect, what follows? In this paper, we develop a theory of metaphysical indeterminacy answering this question.
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  45.  21
    Women on Corporate Boards of Directors and Their Influence on Corporate Philanthropy.Robert J. Williams - 2003 - Journal of Business Ethics 42 (1):1 - 10.
    This study examined the relationship between the proportion of women serving on firms' boards of directors and the extent to which these same firms engaged in charitable giving activities. Using a sample of 185 Fortune 500 firms for the 1991-1994 time period, the results provide strong support for the notion that firms having a higher proportion of women serving on their boards do engage in charitable giving to a greater extent than firms having a lower proportion of women serving on (...)
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  46. An Argument for Conjunction Conditionalization.Lee Walters & Robert Williams - 2013 - Review of Symbolic Logic 6 (4):573-588.
    Are counterfactuals with true antecedents and consequents automatically true? That is, is Conjunction Conditionalization: if (X & Y), then (X > Y) valid? Stalnaker and Lewis think so, but many others disagree. We note here that the extant arguments for Conjunction Conditionalization are unpersuasive, before presenting a family of more compelling arguments. These arguments rely on some standard theorems of the logic of counterfactuals as well as a plausible and popular semantic claim about certain semifactuals. Denying Conjunction Conditionalization, then, requires (...)
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  47.  57
    Corporate Philanthropy, Criminal Activity, and Firm Reputation: Is There a Link? [REVIEW]Robert J. Williams & J. Douglas Barrett - 2000 - Journal of Business Ethics 26 (4):341 - 350.
    This study examined the influence of corporate giving programs on the link between certain categories of corporate crime and corporate reputation. Specifically, firms that violate EPA and OSHA regulations should, to some extent, experience a decline in their reputations, while firms that contribute to charitable causes should see their reputations enhanced. The results of this study support both of these contentions. Further, the results suggest that corporate giving significantly moderates the link between the number of EPA and OSHA violations committed (...)
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  48. Eligibility and Inscrutability.J. Robert G. Williams - 2007 - Philosophical Review 116 (3):361-399.
    Inscrutability arguments threaten to reduce interpretationist metasemantic theories to absurdity. Can we find some way to block the arguments? A highly influential proposal in this regard is David Lewis’ ‘ eligibility ’ response: some theories are better than others, not because they fit the data better, but because they are framed in terms of more natural properties. The purposes of this paper are to outline the nature of the eligibility proposal, making the case that it is not ad hoc, but (...)
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  49. Defending Conditional Excluded Middle.J. Robert G. Williams - 2010 - Noûs 44 (4):650-668.
    Lewis (1973) gave a short argument against conditional excluded middle, based on his treatment of ‘might’ counterfactuals. Bennett (2003), with much of the recent literature, gives an alternative take on ‘might’ counterfactuals. But Bennett claims the might-argument against CEM still goes through. This turns on a specific claim I call Bennett’s Hypothesis. I argue that independently of issues to do with the proper analysis of might-counterfactuals, Bennett’s Hypothesis is inconsistent with CEM. But Bennett’s Hypothesis is independently objectionable, so we should (...)
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  50. Fundamental and Derivative Truths.Robert Williams - 2010 - Mind 119 (473):103-141.
    This article investigates the claim that some truths are fundamentally or really true — and that other truths are not. Such a distinction can help us reconcile radically minimal metaphysical views with the verities of common sense. I develop an understanding of the distinction whereby Fundamentality is not itself a metaphysical distinction, but rather a device that must be presupposed to express metaphysical distinctions. Drawing on recent work by Rayo on anti-Quinean theories of ontological commitments, I formulate a rigourous theory (...)
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