Results for 'Robert B. Eckhardt'

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  1.  56
    The Evolution of Language: Present Behavioral Evidence for Past Genetic Reprogramming in the Human Lineage.B. Eckhardt Robert - 2006 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (3):285.
    Language and life history can be related functionally through the study of human ontogeny, thus usefully informing our understanding of several unique aspects of the evolution of species. The operational principles outlined by Locke & Bogin (L&B) demonstrate that the present can provide a useful framework for understanding the past.
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  2.  7
    Dimensions of Darwinism. Themes and Counterthemes in Twentieth-Century Evolutionary Theory : Ed. Marjorie Grene , Ix + 336 Pp., Cloth £15.00. [REVIEW]Robert B. Eckhardt - 1987 - History of European Ideas 8 (2):227-228.
  3.  42
    Optimization Through Lateralization: The Evolution of Handedness.Robert L. Sainburg & Robert B. Eckhardt - 2005 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (4):611-612.
    The target article proposes that behavioral asymmetries evolved in response to social pressures, accounting for the unequal distribution of handedness across the population. In contrast, we provide evidence that human handedness reflects individual adaptations that enhance movement skill, and that the distribution across the population is best explained by a genetic polymorphism, either balanced or tending toward fixation for right-handedness.
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  4. Kant's Virtue Ethics: Robert B. Louden.Robert B. Louden - 1986 - Philosophy 61 (238):473 - 489.
    Among moral attributes true virtue alone is sublime. … [I]t is only by means of this idea [of virtue] that any judgment as to moral worth or its opposite is possible. … Everything good that is not based on a morally good disposition … is nothing but pretence and glittering misery. 1.
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  5. A Pragmatist Philosophy of Democracy.Robert B. Talisse - 2007 - Routledge.
    In recent years there has been a renewed interest in American pragmatism. In political philosophy, the revival of pragmatism has led to a new appreciation for the democratic theory of John Dewey. In this book, Robert B. Talisse advances a series of pragmatic arguments against Deweyan democracy. Particularly, Talisse argues that Deweyan democracy cannot adequately recognize pluralism , the fact that intelligent, sincere, and well-intentioned persons can disagree sharply and reasonably over moral ideals. Drawing upon the epistemology of the (...)
     
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  6. Making It Explicit: Reasoning, Representing, and Discursive Commitment.Robert B. Brandom - 1994 - Harvard University Press.
    What would something unlike us--a chimpanzee, say, or a computer--have to be able to do to qualify as a possible knower, like us? To answer this question at the very heart of our sense of ourselves, philosophers have long focused on intentionality and have looked to language as a key to this condition. Making It Explicit is an investigation into the nature of language--the social practices that distinguish us as rational, logical creatures--that revises the very terms of this inquiry. Where (...)
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  7.  46
    Democracy and Moral Conflict.Robert B. Talisse - 2009 - Cambridge University Press.
    Why democracy? Most often this question is met with an appeal to some decidedly moral value, such as equality, liberty, dignity or even peace. But in contemporary democratic societies, there is deep disagreement and conflict about the precise nature and relative worth of these values. And when democracy votes, some of those who lose will see the prevailing outcome as not merely disappointing, but morally intolerable. How should citizens react when confronted with a democratic result that they regard as intolerable? (...)
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  8.  29
    Democratic Hope: Pragmatism and the Politics of Truth.Robert B. Westbrook - 2005 - Cornell University Press.
    " In Democratic Hope, Robert B. Westbrook examines the varieties of classical pragmatist thought in the work of John Dewey, William James, and Charles Peirce, ...
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  9.  29
    John Dewey and American Democracy.Robert B. WESTBROOK - 1991 - Cornell University Press.
    This book will do a great deal to make Dewey more available and plausible, and to help his writings shape the imagination of a new generation of Americans.
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  10.  97
    Reason in Philosophy: Animating Ideas.Robert B. Brandom - 2009 - Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.
    This is a paradigmatic work of contemporary philosophy.
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  11.  39
    Kant’s Impure Ethics: From Rational Beings to Human Beings.Robert B. Louden - 2000 - Oxford University Press.
    This is the first book-length study in any language to examine in detail and critically assess the second part of Kant's ethics- -an empirical, impure part, which determines how best to apply pure principles to the human situation. Drawing attention to Kant's under-explored impure ethics, this revealing investigation refutes the common and long-standing misperception that Kants ethics advocates empty formalism. Making detailed use of a variety of Kantian texts never before translated into English, author Robert B. Louden reassesses the (...)
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  12. A Pragmatist Philosophy of Democracy : Communities of Inquiry.Robert B. Talisse - 2007 - Routledge.
    Email and ethics -- Causation and laws of nature -- Internalism and epistemology -- Einstein, relativity, and absolute simultaneity -- Epistemology modalized -- Truth and speech acts -- Fiction, narrative, and knowledge -- A pragmatist philosophy of democracy.
     
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  13. From Empiricism to Expressivism.Robert B. Brandom - 2015 - Harvard University Press.
  14. Hegel’s Practical Philosophy – Rational Agency as Ethical Life.Robert B. Pippin - 2008 - Cambridge University Press.
    This fresh and original book argues that the central questions in Hegel's practical philosophy are the central questions in modern accounts of freedom: What is freedom, or what would it be to act freely? Is it possible so to act? And how important is leading a free life? Robert Pippin argues that the core of Hegel's answers is a social theory of agency, the view that agency is not exclusively a matter of the self-relation and self-determination of an individual (...)
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  15.  1
    John Dewey and American Democracy.Robert B. Westbrook - 1993 - Philosophy East and West 43 (2):341-343.
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  16.  46
    Kant's Human Being: Essays on His Theory of Human Nature.Robert B. Louden - 2011 - Oup Usa.
    In Kant's Human Being, Robert B. Louden continues and deepens avenues of research first initiated in his highly acclaimed book, Kant's Impure Ethics.
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  17.  10
    A Spirit of Trust: A Reading of Hegel’s Phenomenology.Robert B. Brandom - 2019 - Harvard University Press.
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  18.  59
    Pragmatism a Guide for the Perplexed.Robert B. Talisse & Scott Aikin - 2008 - London, UK: Continuum.
    The origins of pragmatism -- Pragmatism and epistemology -- Pragmatism and truth -- Pragmatism and metaphysics -- Pragmatism and ethics -- Pragmatism and politics -- Pragmatism and environmental ethics.
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  19.  12
    Response Suppression in Perceptual Defense.Robert B. Zajonc - 1962 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 64 (3):206.
  20.  4
    A Propos Of Tibetan Religious Observances: Religious Observances In Tibet By Robert B. Ekvall.Turrell Wylie & Robert B. Ekvall - 1966 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 86 (1):39.
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  21. Between Saying and Doing: Towards an Analytic Pragmatism.Robert B. Brandom - 2008 - Oxford University Press.
    Extending the project of analysis -- Elaborating abilities : the expressive role of logic -- Artificial intelligence and analytic pragmatism -- Modality and normativity : from Hume and Quine to Kant and Sellars -- Incompatibility, modal semantics, and intrinsic logic -- Intentionality as a pragmatically mediated semantic relation -- Afterword : philosophical analysis and analytic philosophy.
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  22. Hegel’s Idealism: The Satisfaction of Self-Consciousness.Robert B. Pippin - 1989
    This is the most important book on Hegel to have appeared in the past ten years. Robert Pippin offers a completely new interpretation of Hegel's idealism, which focuses on Hegel's appropriation and development of kant's theoretical project. Hegel is presented neither as a precritical metaphysician nor as a social theorist, but as a critical philosopher whose disagreements with Kant, especially on the issue of intuitions, enrich the idealist arguments against empiricism, realism and naturalism. In the face of the dismissal (...)
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  23.  69
    Alexander of Aphrodisias on Stoic Physics: A Study of the De Mixtione with Preliminary Essays, Text, Translation and Commentary.Robert B. Todd - 1976 - Brill.
    PART ONE ALEXANDER OF APHRODISIAS— AN INTRODUCTION A study of a work by Alexander of Aphrodisias must be prefaced by some general introduction to the author ...
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  24.  83
    Does Public Ignorance Defeat Deliberative Democracy?Robert B. Talisse - 2004 - Critical Review 16 (4):455-463.
    Abstract Richard Posner and Ilya Somin have recently posed forceful versions of a common objection to deliberative democracy, the Public Ignorance Objection. This objection holds that demonstrably high levels of public ignorance render deliberative democracy practically impossible. But the public?ignorance data show that the public is ignorant in a way that does not necessarily defeat deliberative democracy. Posner and Somin have overestimated the force of the Public Ignorance Objection, so the question of deliberative democracy's practical feasibility is still open.
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  25.  28
    Sustaining Democracy: Folk Epistemology and Social Conflict.Robert B. Talisse - 2013 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 16 (4):500-519.
  26. Towards a Peircean Politics of Inquiry.Robert B. Talisse - 2004 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 40 (1):21 - 38.
  27.  18
    Articulating Reasons.Robert B. Brandom - 2001 - Erkenntnis 55 (1):121-127.
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  28.  11
    The Pragmatism Reader: From Peirce Through the Present.Robert B. Talisse & Scott F. Aikin (eds.) - 2011 - Princeton University Press.
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  29. Perspectives on Quine.Robert B. Barrett & Roger F. Gibson (eds.) - 1990 - Blackwell.
     
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  30. From Pragmatism to Perfectionism: Cheryl Misak's Epistemic Deliberativism.Robert B. Talisse - 2007 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 33 (3):387-406.
    In recent work, Cheryl Misak has developed a novel justification of deliberative democracy rooted in Peircean epistemology. In this article, the author expands Misak's arguments to show that not only does Peircean pragmatism provide a justification for deliberative democracy that is more compelling than the justifications offered by competing liberal and discursivist views, but also fixes a specific conception of deliberative politics that is perfectionist rather than neutralist. The article concludes with a discussion of whether the `epistemic perfectionism' implied by (...)
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  31.  13
    Responses to My Critics: TalisseRobert B.Pragmatist Philosophy of Democracy.Robert B. Talisse - 2009 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 45 (1):90-108.
  32.  72
    Deliberativist Responses to Activist Challenges: A Continuation of Young’s Dialectic.Robert B. Talisse - 2005 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 31 (4):423-444.
    In a recent article, Iris Marion Young raises several challenges to deliberative democracy on behalf of political activists. In this paper, the author defends a version of deliberative democracy against the activist challenges raised by Young and devises challenges to activism on behalf of the deliberative democrat. Key Words: activism • deliberative democracy • Discourse • Ideology • public sphere • I. M. Young.
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  33.  64
    A Farewell to Deweyan Democracy: Towards a New Pragmatist Politics.Robert B. Talisse - 2011 - Political Studies 59 (3):509-526.
    The revival of pragmatism has brought renewed enthusiasm for John Dewey's conception of democracy. Drawing upon Rawlsian concerns regarding the fact of reasonable pluralism, the author argues that Deweyan democracy is unworthy of resurrection. A modified version of Deweyan democracy recently proposed by Elizabeth Anderson is then taken up and also found to be lacking. Then the author proposes a model of democracy that draws upon Peirce's social epistemology. The result is a non-Deweyan but nonetheless pragmatist option in democratic theory.
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  34.  37
    Can Value Pluralists Be Comprehensive Liberals? Galston's Liberal Pluralism.Robert B. Talisse - 2004 - Contemporary Political Theory 3 (2):127-139.
    In this paper, the author engages William Galston's recent attempt to revive the Berlinian project of developing a comprehensive theory of liberalism from value pluralist premises. The author's argument maintains that, despite Galston's attempts, the value pluralist in fact has no resources with which to recommend a liberal political order over a variety of illiberal regimes, and that, further, Galston's own justificatory strategy is indistinguishable from the later Rawls's noncomprehensive, ‘political' liberalism. Although the argument engages the work of Berlin and (...)
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  35.  26
    An Epistemological Defense of Democracy.Robert B. Talisse - 2010 - Critical Review 22 (2-3):281-291.
    Folk epistemology?the idea that one can't help believing that one's beliefs are true?provides an alternative to political theorists' inadequate defenses of democracy. It implicitly suggests a dialectical, truth-seeking norm for dealing with people who do not share one's own beliefs. Folk epistemology takes us beyond Mill's consequentialist claim for democracy (that the free array of opinions in a deliberative democracy leads us to the truth); instead, the epistemic freedom of the democratic process itself makes citizens confident that evidence for one's (...)
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  36.  36
    The Trouble with Hooligans.Robert B. Talisse - forthcoming - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy:1-12.
    ABSTRACTThis essay covers two criticisms of Brennan’s Against Democracy. The first charges that the public political ignorance findings upon which Brennan relies are not epistemically nuanced to th...
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  37. Toward a Social Epistemic Comprehensive Liberalism.Robert B. Talisse - 2008 - Episteme 5 (1):pp. 106-128.
    For well over a decade, much of liberal political theory has accepted the founding premise of Rawls's political liberalism, according to which the fact of reasonable pluralism renders comprehensive versions of liberalism incoherent. However, the founding premise presumes that all comprehensive doctrines are moral doctrines. In this essay, the author builds upon recent work by Allen Buchanan and develops a comprehensive version of liberalism based in a partially comprehensive social epistemic doctrine. The author then argues that this version of liberalism (...)
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  38.  81
    Avian Flu Pandemic – Flight of the Healthcare Worker?Robert B. Shabanowitz & Judith E. Reardon - 2009 - HEC Forum 21 (4):365-385.
    Avian Flu Pandemic – Flight of the Healthcare Worker? Content Type Journal Article Pages 365-385 DOI 10.1007/s10730-009-9114-9 Authors Robert B. Shabanowitz, Geisinger Medical Center, Dept. of OB/GYN 100 North Academy Avenue Danville PA 17822-2920 USA Judith E. Reardon, Geisinger Medical Center Center for Health Research 100 North Academy Avenue Danville PA 17822-3003 USA Journal HEC Forum Online ISSN 1572-8498 Print ISSN 0956-2737 Journal Volume Volume 21 Journal Issue Volume 21, Number 4.
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  39. Still Searching for a Pragmatist Pluralism.Robert B. Talisse & Scott F. Aikin - 2005 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 41 (1):145 - 160.
  40. Some Pragmatist Themes in Hegel's Idealism: Negotiation and Administration in Hegel's Account of the Structure and Content of Conceptual Norms.Robert B. Brandom - 1999 - European Journal of Philosophy 7 (2):164-189.
    Some Pragmatist Themes in Hegel’s Idealism:Negotiation and Administration in Hegel’sAccount of the Structure and Content ofConceptual NormsRobert B. BrandomThis paper could equally well have been titled ‘Some Idealist Themes in Hegel’sPragmatism’. Both idealism and pragmatism are capacious concepts, encompassingmany distinguishable theses. I will focus on one pragmatist thesis and one ideal-ist thesis (though we will come within sight of some others). The pragmatistthesis (what I will call ‘the semantic pragmatist thesis’) is that the use of conceptsdetermines their content, that is, (...)
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  41.  35
    Idealism as Modernism: Hegelian Variations.Robert B. Pippin - 1997 - Cambridge University Press.
    'Modernity' has come to refer both to a contested historical category and to an even more contested philosophical and civilisational ideal. In this important collection of essays Robert Pippin takes issue with some prominent assessments of what is or is not philosophically at stake in the idea of a modern revolution in Western civilisation, and presents an alternative view. Professor Pippin disputes many traditional characterisations of the distinctiveness of modern philosophy. In their place he defends claims about agency, freedom, (...)
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  42. The Structure of Desire and Recognition: Self-Consciousness and Self-Constitution.Robert B. Brandom - 2007 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 33 (1):127-150.
    It is argued that at the center of Hegel’s phenomenology of consciousness is the notion that experience is shaped by identification and sacrifice. Experience is the process of self - constitution and self -transformation of a self -conscious being that risks its own being. The transition from desire to recognition is explicated as a transition from the tripartite structure of want and fulfillment of biological desire to a socially structured recognition that is achieved only in reciprocal recognition, or reflexive recognition. (...)
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  43.  5
    Interanimations: Receiving Modern German Philosophy.Robert B. Pippin - 2019 - University of Chicago Press.
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  44.  46
    Hegel on Self-Consciousness: Desire and Death in the Phenomenology of Spirit.Robert B. Pippin - 2010 - Princeton University Press.
    In the most influential chapter of his most important philosophical work, the Phenomenology of Spirit, Hegel makes the central and disarming assertions that "self-consciousness is desire itself" and that it attains its "satisfaction" only in another self-consciousness. Hegel on Self-Consciousness presents a groundbreaking new interpretation of these revolutionary claims, tracing their roots to Kant's philosophy and demonstrating their continued relevance for contemporary thought. As Robert Pippin shows, Hegel argues that we must understand Kant's account of the self-conscious nature of (...)
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  45.  17
    Democracy and Ignorance: Reply to Friedman.Robert B. Talisse - 2006 - Critical Review 18 (4):453-466.
    Several distinct epistemic states may be properly characterized as states of ?ignorance.? It is not clear that the ?public ignorance? on which Jeffrey Friedman bases his critique of social democracy is objectionable, because it is not evident which of these epistemic states is at issue. Moreover, few extant theories of democracy defend it on the grounds that it produces good outcomes, rather than because its procedures are just. And even the subcategory of democratic theories that focus on epistemic issues take (...)
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  46.  17
    Response to Lever.Robert B. Talisse - 2015 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 18 (1):82-85.
  47.  53
    Responses to My Critics.Robert B. Talisse - 2009 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 45 (1):pp. 90-108.
  48.  44
    Can Democracy Be a Way of Life? Deweyan Democracy and the Problem of Pluralism.Robert B. Talisse - 2003 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 39 (1):1 - 21.
  49. On Some Vices of Virtue Ethics.Robert B. Louden - 1984 - American Philosophical Quarterly 21 (3):227 - 236.
    IN THIS ESSAY I SKETCH SOME VICES OF VIRTUE ETHICS, DRAW ON INFERENCE ABOUT THE PHILOSOPHICAL SOURCE OF THE VICES, AND CONCLUDE WITH A RECOMMENDATION CONCERNING FUTURE EFFORTS IN MORAL THEORY CONSTRUCTION. THE SOURCE OF THE VICES, I ARGUE, LIES IN A MONONOMIC OR SINGLE-PRINCIPLE STRATEGY WITHIN NORMATIVE THEORY CONSTRUCTION, A REDUCTIONIST CONCEPTUAL SCHEME WHICH DISTORTS CERTAIN INTEGRAL ASPECTS OF OUR MORAL EXPERIENCE. MY RECOMMENDATION IS THAT THIS STRATEGY BE ABANDONED, FOR THE MORAL FIELD IS NOT UNITARY--MONONOMIC METHODS ARE NOT (...)
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  50.  30
    Pragmatist Political Philosophy.Robert B. Talisse - 2014 - Philosophy Compass 9 (2):123-130.
    This essay surveys three prominent trends in current pragmatist political philosophy: Deweyan Democratic Perfectionism, Rortyan Ironism, and Pragmatist Epistemic Deliberativism. After articulating the main commitments of each view, the author raises philosophical problems each must confront. The essay closes with the more general criticism that pragmatist political theory has been nearly exclusively focused on democracy, but needs to address additional topics.
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