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Robert B. Talisse [104]Robert Basil Talisse [1]
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Robert B. Talisse
Vanderbilt University
  1.  50
    Democracy and Moral Conflict.Robert B. Talisse - 2009 - Cambridge University Press.
    Why democracy? Most often this question is met with an appeal to some decidedly moral value, such as equality, liberty, dignity or even peace. But in contemporary democratic societies, there is deep disagreement and conflict about the precise nature and relative worth of these values. And when democracy votes, some of those who lose will see the prevailing outcome as not merely disappointing, but morally intolerable. How should citizens react when confronted with a democratic result that they regard as intolerable? (...)
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  2. A Pragmatist Philosophy of Democracy.Robert B. Talisse - 2007 - Routledge.
    In recent years there has been a renewed interest in American pragmatism. In political philosophy, the revival of pragmatism has led to a new appreciation for the democratic theory of John Dewey. In this book, Robert B. Talisse advances a series of pragmatic arguments against Deweyan democracy. Particularly, Talisse argues that Deweyan democracy cannot adequately recognize pluralism , the fact that intelligent, sincere, and well-intentioned persons can disagree sharply and reasonably over moral ideals. Drawing upon the epistemology of the founder (...)
     
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  3. A Pragmatist Philosophy of Democracy : Communities of Inquiry.Robert B. Talisse - 2007 - Routledge.
    Email and ethics -- Causation and laws of nature -- Internalism and epistemology -- Einstein, relativity, and absolute simultaneity -- Epistemology modalized -- Truth and speech acts -- Fiction, narrative, and knowledge -- A pragmatist philosophy of democracy.
     
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  4.  61
    Pragmatism a Guide for the Perplexed.Robert B. Talisse & Scott Aikin - 2008 - London, UK: Continuum.
    The origins of pragmatism -- Pragmatism and epistemology -- Pragmatism and truth -- Pragmatism and metaphysics -- Pragmatism and ethics -- Pragmatism and politics -- Pragmatism and environmental ethics.
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  5.  56
    Belief and the Error Theory.Andrew T. Forcehimes & Robert B. Talisse - 2016 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 19 (4):849-856.
    A new kind of debate about the normative error theory has emerged. Whereas longstanding debates have fixed on the error theory’s plausibility, this new debate concerns the theory’s believability. Bart Streumer is the chief proponent of the error theory’s unbelievability. In this brief essay, we argue that Streumer’s argument prevails against extant critiques, and then press a criticism of our own.
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  6.  44
    Debate: Pragmatist Epistemology and Democratic Theory: A Reply to Eric MacGilvray.Cheryl Misak & Robert B. Talisse - 2014 - Journal of Political Philosophy 22 (3):366-376.
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  7.  38
    The Trouble with Hooligans.Robert B. Talisse - 2018 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy:1-12.
    ABSTRACTThis essay covers two criticisms of Brennan’s Against Democracy. The first charges that the public political ignorance findings upon which Brennan relies are not epistemically nuanced to th...
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  8. Why We Argue : A Guide to Political Disagreement.Scott F. Aikin & Robert B. Talisse - 2013 - Routledge.
    Why We Argue : A Guide to Political Disagreement presents an accessible and engaging introduction to the theory of argument, with special emphasis on the way argument works in public political debate. The authors develop a view according to which proper argument is necessary for one’s individual cognitive health; this insight is then expanded to the collective health of one’s society. Proper argumentation, then, is seen to play a central role in a well-functioning democracy. Written in a lively style and (...)
     
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  9.  83
    Does Public Ignorance Defeat Deliberative Democracy?Robert B. Talisse - 2004 - Critical Review: A Journal of Politics and Society 16 (4):455-463.
    Abstract Richard Posner and Ilya Somin have recently posed forceful versions of a common objection to deliberative democracy, the Public Ignorance Objection. This objection holds that demonstrably high levels of public ignorance render deliberative democracy practically impossible. But the public?ignorance data show that the public is ignorant in a way that does not necessarily defeat deliberative democracy. Posner and Somin have overestimated the force of the Public Ignorance Objection, so the question of deliberative democracy's practical feasibility is still open.
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  10. Towards a Peircean Politics of Inquiry.Robert B. Talisse - 2004 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 40 (1):21 - 38.
  11.  28
    Sustaining Democracy: Folk Epistemology and Social Conflict.Robert B. Talisse - 2013 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 16 (4):500-519.
  12.  12
    The Pragmatism Reader: From Peirce Through the Present.Robert B. Talisse & Scott F. Aikin (eds.) - 2011 - Princeton University Press.
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  13.  64
    A Farewell to Deweyan Democracy: Towards a New Pragmatist Politics.Robert B. Talisse - 2011 - Political Studies 59 (3):509-526.
    The revival of pragmatism has brought renewed enthusiasm for John Dewey's conception of democracy. Drawing upon Rawlsian concerns regarding the fact of reasonable pluralism, the author argues that Deweyan democracy is unworthy of resurrection. A modified version of Deweyan democracy recently proposed by Elizabeth Anderson is then taken up and also found to be lacking. Then the author proposes a model of democracy that draws upon Peirce's social epistemology. The result is a non-Deweyan but nonetheless pragmatist option in democratic theory.
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  14. From Pragmatism to Perfectionism: Cheryl Misak's Epistemic Deliberativism.Robert B. Talisse - 2007 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 33 (3):387-406.
    In recent work, Cheryl Misak has developed a novel justification of deliberative democracy rooted in Peircean epistemology. In this article, the author expands Misak's arguments to show that not only does Peircean pragmatism provide a justification for deliberative democracy that is more compelling than the justifications offered by competing liberal and discursivist views, but also fixes a specific conception of deliberative politics that is perfectionist rather than neutralist. The article concludes with a discussion of whether the `epistemic perfectionism' implied by (...)
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  15.  76
    Deliberativist Responses to Activist Challenges: A Continuation of Young’s Dialectic.Robert B. Talisse - 2005 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 31 (4):423-444.
    In a recent article, Iris Marion Young raises several challenges to deliberative democracy on behalf of political activists. In this paper, the author defends a version of deliberative democracy against the activist challenges raised by Young and devises challenges to activism on behalf of the deliberative democrat. Key Words: activism • deliberative democracy • Discourse • Ideology • public sphere • I. M. Young.
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  16. Toward a Social Epistemic Comprehensive Liberalism.Robert B. Talisse - 2008 - Episteme 5 (1):pp. 106-128.
    For well over a decade, much of liberal political theory has accepted the founding premise of Rawls's political liberalism, according to which the fact of reasonable pluralism renders comprehensive versions of liberalism incoherent. However, the founding premise presumes that all comprehensive doctrines are moral doctrines. In this essay, the author builds upon recent work by Allen Buchanan and develops a comprehensive version of liberalism based in a partially comprehensive social epistemic doctrine. The author then argues that this version of liberalism (...)
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  17.  38
    Can Value Pluralists Be Comprehensive Liberals? Galston's Liberal Pluralism.Robert B. Talisse - 2004 - Contemporary Political Theory 3 (2):127-139.
    In this paper, the author engages William Galston's recent attempt to revive the Berlinian project of developing a comprehensive theory of liberalism from value pluralist premises. The author's argument maintains that, despite Galston's attempts, the value pluralist in fact has no resources with which to recommend a liberal political order over a variety of illiberal regimes, and that, further, Galston's own justificatory strategy is indistinguishable from the later Rawls's noncomprehensive, ‘political' liberalism. Although the argument engages the work of Berlin and (...)
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  18.  26
    An Epistemological Defense of Democracy.Robert B. Talisse - 2010 - Critical Review: A Journal of Politics and Society 22 (2-3):281-291.
    Folk epistemology?the idea that one can't help believing that one's beliefs are true?provides an alternative to political theorists' inadequate defenses of democracy. It implicitly suggests a dialectical, truth-seeking norm for dealing with people who do not share one's own beliefs. Folk epistemology takes us beyond Mill's consequentialist claim for democracy (that the free array of opinions in a deliberative democracy leads us to the truth); instead, the epistemic freedom of the democratic process itself makes citizens confident that evidence for one's (...)
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  19. Still Searching for a Pragmatist Pluralism.Robert B. Talisse & Scott F. Aikin - 2005 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 41 (1):145 - 160.
  20.  27
    Why We Argue: A Sketch of an Epistemic-Democratic Program.Scott F. Aikin & Robert B. Talisse - 2014 - Inquiry: Critical Thinking Across the Disciplines 29 (2):60-67.
    This essay summarizes the research program developed in our new book, Why We Argue : A Guide to Political Disagreement. Humans naturally want to know and to take themselves as having reason on their side. Additionally, many people take democracy to be a uniquely proper mode of political arrangement. There is an old tension between reason and democracy, however, and it was first articulated by Plato. Plato’s concern about democracy was that it detached political decision from reason. Epistemic democrats attempt (...)
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  21.  59
    Kitcher on the Ethics of Inquiry.Robert B. Talisse & Scott F. Aikin - 2007 - Journal of Social Philosophy 38 (4):654-665.
    The thesis that scientific inquiry must operate within moral constraints is familiar and unobjectionable in cases involving immoral treatment of experimental subjects, as in the infamous Tuskegee experiments. However, in Science, Truth, and Democracy1 and related work,2 Philip Kitcher envisions a more controversial set of constraints. Specifically, he argues that inquiry ought not to be pursued in cases where the consequences of its pursuit are likely to affect negatively the lives of individuals who comprise a socially underprivileged group. This constraint (...)
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  22. Pragmatism, Pluralism, and the Nature of Philosophy.Scott F. Aikin & Robert B. Talisse - 2017 - Routledge.
  23.  18
    Democracy and Ignorance: Reply to Friedman.Robert B. Talisse - 2006 - Critical Review: A Journal of Politics and Society 18 (4):453-466.
    Several distinct epistemic states may be properly characterized as states of ?ignorance.? It is not clear that the ?public ignorance? on which Jeffrey Friedman bases his critique of social democracy is objectionable, because it is not evident which of these epistemic states is at issue. Moreover, few extant theories of democracy defend it on the grounds that it produces good outcomes, rather than because its procedures are just. And even the subcategory of democratic theories that focus on epistemic issues take (...)
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  24.  44
    Can Democracy Be a Way of Life? Deweyan Democracy and the Problem of Pluralism.Robert B. Talisse - 2003 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 39 (1):1 - 21.
  25.  54
    Responses to My Critics.Robert B. Talisse - 2009 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 45 (1):pp. 90-108.
  26. Dewey's Critical Pragmatism.Alison Kadlec, Bruno Latour, Peter Weibel & Robert B. Talisse - 2009 - Political Theory 37 (3):423-431.
     
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  27.  18
    Response to Lever.Robert B. Talisse - 2015 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 18 (1):82-85.
  28.  29
    Reply to Festenstein.Robert B. Talisse - 2010 - Contemporary Political Theory 9 (1):45-49.
  29.  31
    Pragmatist Political Philosophy.Robert B. Talisse - 2014 - Philosophy Compass 9 (2):123-130.
    This essay surveys three prominent trends in current pragmatist political philosophy: Deweyan Democratic Perfectionism, Rortyan Ironism, and Pragmatist Epistemic Deliberativism. After articulating the main commitments of each view, the author raises philosophical problems each must confront. The essay closes with the more general criticism that pragmatist political theory has been nearly exclusively focused on democracy, but needs to address additional topics.
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  30. On Rawls.Robert B. Talisse - 2001 - Wadsworth.
  31.  29
    Two‐Faced Liberalism: John Gray's Pluralist Politics and the Reinstatement of Enlightenment Liberalism.Robert B. Talisse - 2000 - Critical Review: A Journal of Politics and Society 14 (4):441-458.
    Abstract In Two Faces of Liberalism, John Gray pursues the dual agenda of condemning familiar liberal theories for perpetuating the failed ?Enlightenment project,? and promoting his own version of anti?Enlightenment liberalism, which he calls ?modus vivendi.? However, Gray's critical apparatus is insufficient to capture accurately the highly influential ?political? liberalism of John Rawls. Moreover, Gray's modus vivendi faces serious challenges raised by Rawls concerning stability. In order to respond to the Rawlsian objections, Gray would have to reinstate the aspirations and (...)
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  32.  51
    Deliberative Democracy Defended: A Response To Posner’s Political Realism.Robert B. Talisse - 2005 - Res Publica 11 (2):185-199.
  33.  74
    Teaching Plato’s Euthyphro Dialogically.Robert B. Talisse - 2003 - Teaching Philosophy 26 (2):163-175.
    If one interprets Plato’s dialogues using the dialogical mode, then the principal philosophical significance of the work is not exhausted by the arguments put forward by its characters. Integral to the dialogical mode involves a consideration of the purpose of investigating a philosophical issue in the form of a dialogue rather than a treatise. But Plato’s dialogues should not only be understood in a dialogical mode but instructors should also teach using this mode of interrogation. This paper describes a new (...)
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  34. Modus Tonens.Scott F. Aikin & Robert B. Talisse - 2008 - Argumentation 22 (4):521-529.
    Restating an interlocutor’s position in an incredulous tone of voice can sometimes serve legitimate dialectical ends. However, there are cases in which incredulous restatement is out of bounds. This article provides an analysis of one common instance of the inappropriate use of incredulous restatement, which the authors call “modus tonens.” The authors argue that modus tonens is vicious because it pragmatically implicates the view that one’s interlocutor is one’s cognitive subordinate and provides a cue to like-minded onlookers that dialectical opponents (...)
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  35.  53
    Toward a New Pragmatist Politics.Robert B. Talisse - 2011 - Metaphilosophy 42 (5):552-571.
    In A Pragmatist Philosophy of Democracy, I launched a pragmatist critique of Deweyan democracy and a pragmatist defense of an alternative view of democracy, one based in C. S. Peirce's social epistemology. In this article, I develop a more precise version of the criticism of Deweyan democracy I proposed in A Pragmatist Philosophy of Democracy, and provide further details of the Peircean alternative. Along the way, some recent critics are addressed.
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  36.  64
    A Pragmatist Critique of Richard Rorty’s Hopeless Politics.Robert B. Talisse - 2001 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 39 (4):611-626.
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  37.  49
    Liberalism, Pluralism, and Political Justification.Robert B. Talisse - 2005 - The Harvard Review of Philosophy 13 (2):57-72.
    In popular parlance the term "liberalism" denotes a collection of welfarist and progressive social policies, but I am here concerned with liberalism as the theoretical framework within which familiar debates over distributive justice and the scope of state power typically are conducted. To be sure, liberalism in this sense is a complex doctrine, but its core has been well captured by Martha Nussbaum.
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  38.  23
    Religion, Respect and Eberle’s Agapic Pacifist.Robert B. Talisse - 2012 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 38 (3):313-325.
    Christopher Eberle has developed a powerful critique of justificatory liberalism. According to Eberle, justificatory liberalism’s doctrine of restraint , which requires religious citizens to refrain from publicly advocating for policies that can be supported only by their religious reasons, is illiberal. In this article, I defend justificatory liberalism against Eberle’s critique.
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  39.  54
    Introduction: Pragmatism and Deliberative Politics.Robert B. Talisse - 2004 - Journal of Speculative Philosophy 18 (1):1-8.
  40.  55
    Two Democratic Hopes.Robert B. Talisse - 2007 - Contemporary Pragmatism 4 (2):19-28.
    Robert Westbrook claims that pragmatist political theorists share a common hope for democracy. I argue that there are at least two distinct and opposed pragmatist conceptions of democracy - one Deweyan, the other Peircean - and thus two distinct and opposed hopes for democracy. I then criticize the Deweyan view and defend the Peircean view.
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  41. Clarifying Cohen: A Response to Jubb and Hall.Andrew T. Forcehimes & Robert B. Talisse - 2013 - Res Publica 19 (4):371-379.
    In this brief essay, we clarify Cohen’s ‘Facts and Principles’ argument, and then argue that the objections posed by two recent critiques of Cohen—Robert Jubb (Res Publica 15:337–353, 2009) and Edward Hall (Res Publica 19:173–181, 2013)—look especially vulnerable to the charge of being self-defeating. It may still be that Cohen’s view concerning facts and principles is false. Our aim here is merely to show that two recent attempts to demonstrate its falsity are unlikely to succeed.
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  42.  61
    Rawls on Pluralism and Stability.Robert B. Talisse - 2000 - Critical Review: A Journal of Politics and Society 15 (1-2):173-194.
    Abstract Rawls ?s political liberalism abandons the traditional political?theory objective of providing a philosophical account of liberal democracy. However, Rawls also aims for a liberal political order endorsed by citizens on grounds deeper than what he calls a ?modus vivendi? compromise; he contends that a liberal political order based upon a modus vivendi is unstable. The aspiration for a pluralist and ?freestanding? liberalism is at odds with the goal of a liberalism endorsed as something deeper than a modus vivendi compromise (...)
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  43.  39
    Physician Deception and Patient Autonomy.D. Micah Hester & Robert B. Talisse - 2009 - American Journal of Bioethics 9 (12):22-23.
  44.  21
    American Philosophy: An Encyclopedia.John Lachs & Robert B. Talisse (eds.) - 2004 - Routledge.
    The _Encyclopedia of American Philosophy_ provides coverage of the major figures, concepts, historical periods and traditions in American philosophical thought. Containing over 600 entries written by scholars who are experts in the field, this _Encyclopedia_ is the first of its kind. It is a scholarly reference work that is accessible to the ordinary reader by explaining complex ideas in simple terms and providing ample cross-references to facilitate further study. The _Encyclopedia of American Philosophy_ contains a thorough analytical index and will (...)
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  45.  76
    On the Supposed Tension in Peirce’s “Fixation of Belief”.Robert B. Talisse - 2001 - Journal of Philosophical Research 26:561-569.
    Recent commentaries on “The Fixation of Belief” have located and emphasized an inconsistency or “tension” in Peirce’s central argument. On the one hand, Peirce maintains that “the settlement of opinion is the sole object of inquiry”; on the other, he wants to establish that the method of science is superior to all other methods of inquiry. The tension arises from the fact that whereas Peirce dismisses the methods of tenacity, authority, and a priority on the grounds that they cannot fulfill (...)
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  46.  23
    On Epistemic Abstemiousness: A Reply to Bundy.Scott F. Aikin, Michael Harbour, Jonathan Neufeld & Robert B. Talisse - 2011 - Logos and Episteme 2 (3):425-428.
  47. Precis of a Pragmatist Philosophy of Democracy.Robert B. Talisse - 2009 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 45 (1):pp. 45-49.
    This short paper summarizes the main line of argument in my book, *A Pragmatist Philosophy of Democracy* (Routledge, 2007), which is the subject of a forthcoming symposium issue of the journal *Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society*.
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  48.  85
    Pluralism and Liberal Democracy.Robert B. Talisse - 2007 - Social Theory and Practice 33 (1):151-158.
  49. Liberty, Community, and Democracy: Sidney Hook's Pragmatic Deliberativism.Robert B. Talisse - 2001 - Journal of Speculative Philosophy 15 (4):286-304.
  50.  13
    Responses to My Critics: TalisseRobert B.Pragmatist Philosophy of Democracy.Robert B. Talisse - 2009 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 45 (1):90-108.
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