89 found
Order:
Disambiguations
Robert Baker [71]Robert J. Baker [6]Robert S. Baker [3]Robert A. Baker [3]
Robert C. Baker [2]Robert B. Baker [2]Robert Morris Baker [1]Robert E. Baker [1]

Not all matches are shown. Search with initial or firstname to single out others.

See also
Robert Baker
George Washington University
Robert Baker
Union College
  1.  6
    Before Bioethics: A History of American Medical Ethics From the Colonial Period to the Bioethics Revolution.Robert Baker - 2013 - Oxford University Press.
    The first history of American medical ethics published in more than a half century, Before Bioethics tracks the evolution of American medical ethics from colonial midwives and physicians' oaths to current bioethical controversies over abortion, AIDS, animal rights, and physician-assisted suicide.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   30 citations  
  2.  6
    The structure of moral revolutions: studies of changes in the morality of abortion, death, and the bioethics revolution.Robert Baker - 2019 - Cambridge, Massachusetts: The MIT Press.
    On scientific and moral revolutions -- Using the dead for the living: the benthamite moral revolution -- Immoralizing and criminalizing abortion: the doctors revolution -- Irredentism and counter-revolutions in geology and abortion -- The american bioethics revolution -- The structure of moral revolutions.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  3.  71
    The American medical ethics revolution: how the AMA's code of ethics has transformed physicians' relationships to patients, professionals, and society.Robert Baker (ed.) - 1999 - Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
    The American Medical Association enacted its Code of Ethics in 1847, the first such national codification. In this volume, a distinguished group of experts from the fields of medicine, bioethics, and history of medicine reflect on the development of medical ethics in the United States, using historical analyses as a springboard for discussions of the problems of the present, including what the editors call "a sense of moral crisis precipitated by the shift from a system of fee-for-service medicine to a (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   25 citations  
  4.  39
    A draft model aggregated code of ethics for bioethicists.Robert Baker - 2005 - American Journal of Bioethics 5 (5):33 – 41.
    Bioethicists function in an environment in which their peers - healthcare executives, lawyers, nurses, physicians - assert the integrity of their fields through codes of professional ethics. Is it time for bioethics to assert its integrity by developing a code of ethics? Answering in the affirmative, this paper lays out a case by reviewing the historical nature and function of professional codes of ethics. Arguing that professional codes are aggregative enterprises growing in response to a field's historical experiences, it asserts (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   38 citations  
  5.  66
    Bioethics and history.Robert Baker - 2002 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 27 (4):447 – 474.
    Standard bioethics textbooks present the field to students and non-experts as a form of "applied ethics." This ahistoric and rationalistic presentation is similar to that used in philosophy of science textbooks until three decades ago. Thomas Kuhn famously critiqued this self-conception of the philosophy of science, persuading the field that it would become deeper, richer, and more philosophical, if it integrated the history of science, especially the history of scientific change, into its self-conception. This essay urges a similar reconceptualization for (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   31 citations  
  6.  66
    A theory of international bioethics: Multiculturalism, postmodernism, and the bankruptcy of fundamentalism.Robert Baker - 1998 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 8 (3):201-231.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:A Theory of International Bioethics: Multiculturalism, Postmodernism, and the Bankruptcy of Fundamentalism 1Robert Baker (bio)AbstractThis first of two articles analyzing the justifiability of international bioethical codes and of cross-cultural moral judgments reviews “moral fundamentalism,” the theory that cross-cultural moral judgments and international bioethical codes are justified by certain “basic” or “fundamental” moral principles that are universally accepted in all cultures and eras. Initially propounded by the judges at the (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   20 citations  
  7.  29
    A theory of international bioethics: The negotiable and the non-negotiable.Robert Baker - 1998 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 8 (3):233-273.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:A Theory of International Bioethics: The Negotiable and the Non-NegotiableRobert Baker (bio)AbstractThe preceding article in this issue of the Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal presents the argument that “moral fundamentalism,” the position that international bioethics rests on “basic” or “fundamental” moral principles that are universally accepted in all eras and cultures, collapses under a variety of multicultural and postmodern critiques. The present article looks to the contractarian tradition of (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   17 citations  
  8. Triage and Equality: An Historical Reassessment of Utilitarian Analyses of Triage.Robert Baker & Martin Strosberg - 1992 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 2 (2):103-123.
    We distinguish and review aspects of the history of two models of triage: egalitarian and utilitarian. Egalitarian triage is widely and successfully practiced in battlefield medicine, as well as in the emergency room and the ICU. Utilitarian triage has been sporadically practiced and typically collapses under the pressure of public scrutiny. Unfortunately, the two models tend to be conflated, confusing our understanding of the past and confounding our ability to plan for the future.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   12 citations  
  9.  15
    Race and Bioethics: Bioethical Engagement With a Four-Letter Subject.Robert Baker - 2016 - American Journal of Bioethics 16 (4):16-18.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  10. Medical ethics' appropriation of moral philosophy: The case of the sympathetic and the unsympathetic physician.Robert Baker & Laurence B. McCullough - 2007 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 17 (1):3-22.
    Philosophy textbooks typically treat bioethics as a form of "applied ethics"-i.e., an attempt to apply a moral theory, like utilitarianism, to controversial ethical issues in biology and medicine. Historians, however, can find virtually no cases in which applied philosophical moral theory influenced ethical practice in biology or medicine. In light of the absence of historical evidence, the authors of this paper advance an alternative model of the historical relationship between philosophical ethics and medical ethics, the appropriation model. They offer two (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   12 citations  
  11.  21
    In Defense of Bioethics.Robert Baker - 2009 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 37 (1):83-92.
    Although bioethics societies are developing standards for clinical ethicists and a code of ethics, they have been castigated in this journal as “a moral, if not an ethics, disaster” for not having completed this task. Compared with the development of codes of ethics and educational standards in law and medicine, however, the pace of pro-fessionalization in bioethics appears appropriate. Assessed by this metric, none of the charges leveled against bioethics are justified. The specific charges leveled against the American Society for (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   10 citations  
  12.  37
    The Cambridge world history of medical ethics.Robert Baker & Laurence B. McCullough (eds.) - 2009 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    The Cambridge World History of Medical Ethics is the first comprehensive scholarly account of the global history of medical ethics. Offering original interpretations of the field by leading bioethicists and historians of medicine, it will serve as the essential point of departure for future scholarship in the field. The volumes reconceptualize the history of medical ethics through the creation of new categories, including the life cycle; discourses of religion, philosophy, and bioethics; and the relationship between medical ethics and the state, (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  13.  64
    Bioethics and Human Rights: A Historical Perspective.Robert Baker - 2001 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 10 (3):241-252.
    Bioethics and human rights were conceived in the aftermath of the Holocaust, when moral outrage reenergized the outmoded concepts of and renaming them and to give them new purpose. Originally, the principles of bioethics were a means for protecting human rights, but through a historical accident, bioethical principles came to be considered as fundamental. In this paper I reflect on the parallel development and accidental divorce of bioethics and human rights to urge their reconciliation.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   12 citations  
  14.  27
    Ethics Across the Curriculum—Pedagogical Perspectives.Elaine E. Englehardt, Michael S. Pritchard, Robert Baker, Michael D. Burroughs, José A. Cruz-Cruz, Randall Curren, Michael Davis, Aine Donovan, Deni Elliott, Karin D. Ellison, Challie Facemire, William J. Frey, Joseph R. Herkert, Karlana June, Robert F. Ladenson, Christopher Meyers, Glen Miller, Deborah S. Mower, Lisa H. Newton, David T. Ozar, Alan A. Preti, Wade L. Robison, Brian Schrag, Alan Tomhave, Phyllis Vandenberg, Mark Vopat, Sandy Woodson, Daniel E. Wueste & Qin Zhu - 2018 - Cham: Springer Verlag.
    Late in 1990, the Center for the Study of Ethics in the Professions at Illinois Institute of Technology (lIT) received a grant of more than $200,000 from the National Science Foundation to try a campus-wide approach to integrating professional ethics into its technical curriculum.! Enough has now been accomplished to draw some tentative conclusions. I am the grant's principal investigator. In this paper, I shall describe what we at lIT did, what we learned, and what others, especially philosophers, can learn (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  15. Particulars: Bare, naked, and nude.Robert Baker - 1967 - Noûs 1 (2):211-212.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   10 citations  
  16.  59
    Philosophy and Sex.Robert Baker & Frederick Elliston - 1979 - Noûs 13 (1):91-94.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   10 citations  
  17.  6
    Erasing Blackness From Bioethics.Robert Baker - 2022 - American Journal of Bioethics 22 (3):33-35.
    February is Black History Month and so healthcare practitioners will soon rummage history books for information about famous African Americans, like Onesimus, the African slave who...
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  18.  6
    On Racist Tools and the Bioethics Lexicon.Robert Baker - 2023 - American Journal of Bioethics 23 (4):25-28.
    Shen-yi Liao and Vanessa Cabonell’s “Materialized Oppression in Medical Tools and Technologies,” joins the long list of groundbreaking papers whose importance is obscured by an innocuous title. Som...
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  19.  9
    The Significance of the ASBH's Code of Ethics for Healthcare Ethics Consultants.Robert Baker - 2015 - American Journal of Bioethics 15 (5):52-54.
    A decade ago some members of the American Society for Bioethics and the Humanities (ASBH) concluded that the society's reluctance to develop a code of professional ethics, although a tolerable anom...
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  20. A history of codes of ethics for bioethicists.Robert Baker - 2007 - In Lisa A. Eckenwiler & Felicia Cohn (eds.), The Ethics of Bioethics: Mapping the Moral Landscape. Johns Hopkins University Press.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  21. Bioethics and human rights: a historical perspective.Robert Baker - 2014 - In Wanda Teays, John-Stewart Gordon & Alison Dundes Renteln (eds.), Global Bioethics and Human Rights: Contemporary Issues. Rowman & Littlefield.
  22.  20
    Balkanizing bioethics.Robert Baker - 2003 - American Journal of Bioethics 3 (2):13 – 14.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  23.  35
    Conscience and the unconscionable.Robert Baker - 2009 - Bioethics 23 (5):ii-iv.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  24.  21
    Negotiating international bioethics: A response to Tom Beauchamp and Ruth Macklin.Robert Baker - 1998 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 8 (4):423-453.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:Negotiating International Bioethics: A Response to Tom Beauchamp and Ruth MacklinRobert Baker (bio)AbstractCan the bioethical theories that have served American bioethics so well, serve international bioethics as well? In two papers in the previous issue of the Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal, I contend that the form of principlist fundamentalism endorsed by American bioethicists like Tom Beauchamp and Ruth Macklin will not play on an international stage. Deploying techniques (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  25.  41
    Visibility and the just allocation of health care: A study of Age-Rationing in the British national Health Service.Robert Baker - 1993 - Health Care Analysis 1 (2):139-150.
    The British National Health Service (BNHS) was founded, to quote Minister of Health Aneurin Bevan, to ‘universalise the best’. Over time, however, financial constraints forced the BNHS to turn to incrementalist budgeting, to rationalise care and to ask its practitioners to act as gatekeepers. Seeking a way to ration scarce tertiary care resources, BNHS gatekeepers began to use chronological age as a rationing criterion. Age-rationing became the ‘done thing’ without explicit policy directives and in a manner largely invisible to patients, (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  26.  39
    The Efficacy of Professional Ethics The AMA Code of Ethis in Historical and Current Perspective.Robert Baker & Linda Emanuel - 2000 - Hastings Center Report 30 (4):S13.
  27.  88
    From Metaethicist to Bioethicist.Robert Baker - 2002 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 11 (4):369-379.
    I was the graduate student that Albert Jonsen so aptly describes. Bronx born and educated at the City College of New York, I emigrated to the Midwest to study at the Minnesota Center for the Philosophy of Science, where May Brodbeck, Herbert Feigl and other “logical positivists” were engaging in an ongoing dialogue with postpositivists like Paul Feyerabend and Karl Popper. In this environment, I studied philosophy of science, epistemology, and metaethics—the epistemology and logic of ethical concepts and language. I (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  28. The discourses of practitioners in nineteenth-and twentieth-century Britain and the United States.Robert B. Baker - 2009 - In Robert Baker & Laurence B. McCullough (eds.), The Cambridge World History of Medical Ethics. Cambridge University Press. pp. 2009--446.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  29.  22
    Philosophers' Invasion of Clinical Ethics: Historical and Personal Reflections.Robert Baker - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics 18 (6):51-54.
    When laypeople learned what decisions physicians were making about laypeople's health they were often appalled. … They discovered that physicians … were making controversial moral moves, choices th...
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  30.  16
    Bias in journalistic accounts of embryo research reconsidered.Robert Baker - 2004 - American Journal of Bioethics 4 (1):15 – 16.
  31.  6
    Fine‐Tuning the Future.Robert Baker - 2010 - Hastings Center Report 40 (3):6-7.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  32.  5
    Anchor bias, autonomy, and 20th‐century bioethicists' blindness to racism.Robert Baker - forthcoming - Bioethics.
    The central thesis of this article is that by anchoring bioethics' core conceptual armamentarium in a four-principled theory emphasizing autonomy and treating justice as a principle of allocation, theorists inadvertently biased 20th-century bioethical scholarship against addressing such subjects as ableism, anti-Black racism, classism, and other forms of discrimination, placing them outside of the scope of bioethics research and scholarship. It is also claimed that these scope limitations can be traced to the displacement of the nascent concept of respect for persons—a (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  33. Brave New World: History, Science, and Dystopia.Robert S. Baker - 1991 - Utopian Studies 2 (1):159-161.
  34.  75
    Confidentiality in professional medical ethics.Robert Baker - 2006 - American Journal of Bioethics 6 (2):39 – 41.
    In his deftly argued, “A Defense of Unqualified Confidentiality” (Kipnis 2006), Kenneth Kipnis challenges the received view that a physician's duty of confidentiality must be balanced against a dut...
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  35.  23
    Against Anonymity.Robert Baker - 2014 - Bioethics 28 (4):166-169.
    In ‘New Threats to Academic Freedom’ Francesca Minerva argues that anonymity for the authors of controversial articles is a prerequisite for academic freedom in the Internet age. This argument draws its intellectual and emotional power from the author's account of the reaction to the on-line publication of ‘ After-birth abortion: why should the baby live?’ – an article that provoked cascades of hostile postings and e-mails. Reflecting on these events, Minerva proposes that publishers should offer the authors of controversial articles (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  36.  22
    Stem Cell Rhetoric and the Pragmatics of Naming.Robert Baker - 2002 - American Journal of Bioethics 2 (1):52-53.
  37. Union College’s Rapaport Everyday Ethics Across the Curriculum Initiative.Anastasia Pease & Robert Baker - 2009 - Teaching Ethics 9 (2):5-24.
  38.  21
    Alice, Bergmann, and the Mad Hatter.Robert Baker - 1971 - Review of Metaphysics 24 (4):707 - 736.
    While the Professor stood in uffish thought, his audience waited quietly. Then the Professor began to read.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  39.  3
    A Case for Secular Ethics in Science, Technology and Society.Robert E. Baker - 1989 - Bulletin of Science, Technology and Society 9 (2-3):98-101.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  40. Aldous Huxley, Complete Essays. Volume I: 1920-1925.Robert S. Baker & James Sexton - 2001 - Utopian Studies 12 (2):234-245.
  41.  4
    Avunculus Liber.Robert J. Baker & Bruce A. Marshall - 1977 - Mnemosyne 30 (3):292-293.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  42. Bergmann as Historian.Robert Baker - 2007 - In Laird Addis, Greg Jesson & Erwin Tegtmeier (eds.), Ontology and Analysis: Essays and Recollection about Gustav Bergmann. De Gruyter. pp. 51-58.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  43.  3
    Catullus and Friend in Carm. Xxxi.Robert J. Baker - 1970 - Mnemosyne 23 (1):33-41.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  44.  24
    Catullus and Sirmio.Robert J. Baker - 1983 - Mnemosyne 36 (1-4):316-323.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  45.  12
    Discrimination transfer along a pitch continuum.Robert A. Baker & Stanley W. Osgood - 1954 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 48 (4):241.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  46.  8
    Global Bioethics and Human Rights: Contemporary Issues.Robert Baker, Tom L. Beauchamp, Michael Boylan, Bernard Gert, Lawrence O. Gostin, Akiko Ito, Peter Tan & Rosemarie Tong (eds.) - 2014 - Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    Editors Wanda Teays, John-Stewart Gordon, and Alison Dundes Renteln have assembled the works of an interdisciplinary, international team of experts in bioethics into a comprehensive, innovative and accessible book. Topics covered range from torture and lethal injection to euthanasia, sex selection, vulnerable human subjects, to health equity, safety and public health, and environmental disasters like Bhopal, Fukushima, and more.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  47.  25
    International Bioethics and Human Rights: Reflections on a Proposed Universal Declaration on Bioethics and Human Rights.Robert Baker - 2005 - Politics and Ethics Review 1 (2):188-196.
  48.  12
    International Bioethics and Human Rights: Reflections on a Proposed Universal Declaration on Bioethics and Human Rights.Robert Baker - 2005 - Journal of International Political Theory 1:188-196.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  49.  2
    In Dark Again in Wonder: The Poetry of René Char and George Oppen.Robert Baker - 2012 - University of Notre Dame Press.
    At the center of_ In Dark Again in Wonder_ are readings of René Char and George Oppen. Both of these poets achieved recognition at a young age, Char among the French surrealists in the 1930s, Oppen among the American objectivists in the same decade. Both were independent individuals who, having found their way to communities of inventive writers, stepped back and shaped their own idiosyncratic paths. Both responded decisively to the social upheavals of the 1930s and ‘40s. Oppen committed himself (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  50.  10
    Kübler-Ross and Bioethics: A Cautionary Tale.Robert Baker - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (12):48-49.
    Volume 19, Issue 12, December 2019, Page 48-49.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
1 — 50 / 89