Results for 'Robert Boge��i��'

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  1. I_— _Robert Stalnaker.Robert Stalnaker - 2001 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 75 (1):141-156.
    [Robert Stalnaker] Saul Kripke made a convincing case that there are necessary truths that are knowable only a posteriori as well as contingent truths that are knowable a priori. A number of philosophers have used a two-dimensional model semantic apparatus to represent and clarify the phenomena that Kripke pointed to. According to this analysis, statements have truth-conditions in two different ways depending on whether one considers a possible world 'as actual' or 'as counterfactual' in determining the truth-value of the (...)
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  2. Interrogation of Carl Schmitt by Robert Kempner (I) and (II).Robert Kempner - 1987 - Telos: Critical Theory of the Contemporary 72:97-107.
     
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  3.  11
    Robert geroux I.John Milbank & Catherine Pickstock - 2004 - The European Legacy 9 (1):97-101.
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  4.  53
    I—Robert Audi: Moral Perception and Moral Knowledge.Robert Audi - 2010 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 84 (1):79-97.
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  5.  17
    I_— _Robert Stalnaker.Robert Stalnaker - 2001 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 75 (1):141-156.
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  6. Rozum jest wolny (Robert Marszałek i Ewa Nowak-Juchacz (red.), Rozum jest wolny, wolność – rozumna).Aleksander Zbrzezny - 2003 - Etyka 36.
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  7.  19
    Controlling Brain Cells With Light: Ethical Considerations for Optogenetic Clinical Trials.Frederic Gilbert, Alexander R. Harris & Robert M. I. Kapsa - 2014 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 5 (3):3-11.
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  8.  14
    The Hippocampus as Episodic Encoder: Does It Play Tag?Robert H. I. Dale - 1985 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 8 (3):499-500.
  9.  25
    Gavagai Is as Gavagai Does: Learning Nouns and Verbs From Cross‐Situational Statistics.Padraic Monaghan, Karen Mattock, Robert A. I. Davies & Alastair C. Smith - 2015 - Cognitive Science 39 (5):1099-1112.
    Learning to map words onto their referents is difficult, because there are multiple possibilities for forming these mappings. Cross-situational learning studies have shown that word-object mappings can be learned across multiple situations, as can verbs when presented in a syntactic context. However, these previous studies have presented either nouns or verbs in ambiguous contexts and thus bypass much of the complexity of multiple grammatical categories in speech. We show that noun word learning in adults is robust when objects are moving, (...)
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  10.  41
    I—Robert Merrihew Adams: Conflict.Robert Merrihew Adams - 2009 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 83 (1):115-132.
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  11.  19
    Is a ‘Last Chance’ Treatment Possible After an Irreversible Brain Intervention?Frederic Gilbert, Alexander R. Harris, Susan Dodds & Robert M. I. Kapsa - 2015 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 6 (2):W1-W2.
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  12.  25
    Efficacy Testing as a Primary Purpose of Phase 1 Clinical Trials: Is It Applicable to First-in-Human Bionics and Optogenetics Trials?Frederic Gilbert, Alexander R. Harris & Robert M. I. Kapsa - 2012 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 3 (2):20-22.
    In her article, Pascale Hess raises the issue of whether her proposed model may be extrapolated and applied to clinical research fields other than stem cell-based interventions in the brain (SCBI-B) (Hess 2012). Broadly summarized, Hess’s model suggests prioritizing efficacy over safety in phase 1 trials involving irreversible interventions in the brain, when clinical criteria meet the appropriate population suffering from “degenerative brain diseases” (Hess 2012). Although there is a need to reconsider the traditional phase 1 model, especially with respect (...)
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  13.  75
    Interrogation of Carl Schmitt by Robert Kempner (I).Carl Schmitt - 1987 - Telos: Critical Theory of the Contemporary 1987 (72):97-129.
    Kempner. You do not have to testify, Professor Schmitt, if you do not want to, and if you think you are incriminating yourself. But if you do testify, then I would be grateful if you would be absolutely truthful, would neither conceal nor add anything. Is that your wish? Schmitt: Yes, of course. Kempner: And if I come to something you might find self-incriminating, you can simply say you prefer to remain silent. Schmitt: I have already been interrogated by the (...)
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  14.  40
    G. W. F. Hegel, Robert F. Brown (Ed., Tr.), Lectures on the History of Philosophy 1825-6: Volume I: Introduction and Oriental Philosophy[REVIEW]Robert R. Williams - 2010 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2010 (7).
  15.  25
    Griechische Mythologie, Preller von L.: vierte Auflage, von Carl Robert : Bd. I. erste Hälfte. 5 Mk.W. M. Ramsay - 1888 - The Classical Review 2 (09):287-288.
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  16.  35
    Manuscript Referees for The Journal of Ethics: August 2005–July 2006.Justin D'Arms, Robert Francesscotti, I. Haji, Susan Hurley, Leonard Kahn, Brian Kierland, K. Lippert-Rasmussen, Douglas Portmore, Betsy Postow & Bernard Rollin - 2006 - The Journal of Ethics 10 (4):507.
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  17. Y Ffordd I Gaffael Cyfoeth; Neu, Rhisiat Druan; Gydag Ychwanegiad, y Modd I Wneuthur Llawer o Ychydig, Gan B. Short; Ac a Gyfieithiwyd Gan T. Roberts.Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Roberts & B. Short - 1839
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  18.  8
    Social Brain Hypothesis: Vocal and Gesture Networks of Wild Chimpanzees.Sam G. B. Roberts & Anna I. Roberts - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
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  19.  26
    Task Decomposition Through Competition in a Modular Connectionist Architecture: The What and Where Vision Tasks.Robert A. Jacobs, Michael I. Jordan & Andrew G. Barto - 1991 - Cognitive Science 15 (2):219-250.
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  20.  52
    Free Will and Indeterminism: Robert Kane’s Libertarianism.Robert Francis Allen - 2005 - Journal of Philosophical Research 30:341-355.
    Drawing on Aristotle’s notion of “ultimate responsibility,” Robert Kane argues that to be exercising a free will an agent must have taken some character forming decisions for which there were no sufficient conditions or decisive reasons. That is, an agent whose will is free not only had the ability to develop values and beliefs besides those that presently make up her motives, but could have exercised that ability without being irrational. An agent wills freely, on this view, by beingultimately (...)
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  21.  61
    C.I. Lewis and the Issue of Phenomenalism.Robert L. Greenwood - 1985 - Philosophy Research Archives 11:441-452.
    According to the received view, the philosophy of C.I. Lewis is a form of phenomenalism. The first part of this paper is an argument designed to show that Lewis does not support one of the necessary conditions for ontological phenomenalism; namely, the sense-datum theory. The secondpart is an argument designed to show that Lewis’ theory is incompatible with linguistic phenomenalism, a view according to which there is an equivalence of meaning between physical object statements and sense-data statements. The argument is (...)
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  22. Critical Thinking: Reflection and Perspective Part I.Robert Ennis - 2011 - Inquiry: Critical Thinking Across the Disciplines 26 (1):4-18.
    This is Part I of a two-part reflection by Robert Ennis on his involvement in the critical thinking movement. Part I deals with how he got started in the movement and with the development of his influential definition of critical thinking and his conception of what critical thinking involves. Part II of the reflection will appear in the next issue of INQUIRY, Vol. 26, No. 2, and it will cover topics concerned with assessing critical thinking, teaching critical thinking, and (...)
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  23.  18
    Medieval Modal Spaces.I.—Robert Pasnau - 2020 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 94 (1):225-254.
    There is often said to be something peculiar about the history of modal theory up until the turn of the fourteenth century, when John Duns Scotus decisively reframed the issues. I wish to argue that this impression of dramatic discontinuity is almost entirely a misimpression. Premodern philosophers prescind from the wide-open modal space of all possible worlds because they seek to adapt their modal discourse to the explanatory and linguistic demands of their context.
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  24. Computability and Recursion.Robert I. Soare - 1996 - Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 2 (3):284-321.
    We consider the informal concept of "computability" or "effective calculability" and two of the formalisms commonly used to define it, "(Turing) computability" and "(general) recursiveness". We consider their origin, exact technical definition, concepts, history, general English meanings, how they became fixed in their present roles, how they were first and are now used, their impact on nonspecialists, how their use will affect the future content of the subject of computability theory, and its connection to other related areas. After a careful (...)
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  25. The Effect of R&D Intensity on Corporate Social Responsibility.Robert C. Padgett & Jose I. Galan - 2010 - Journal of Business Ethics 93 (3):407-418.
    This study examines the impact that research and development (R&D) intensity has on corporate social responsibility (CSR). We base our research on the resource-based view (RBV) theory, which contributes to our analysis of R&D intensity and CSR because this perspective explicitly recognizes the importance of intangible resources. Both R&D and CSR activities can create assets that provide firms with competitive advantage. Furthermore, the employment of such activities can improve the welfare of the community and satisfy stakeholder expectations, which might vary (...)
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  26.  30
    I Like You, I Like You Not: Understanding the Formation of Context-Dependent Automatic Attitudes.Robert J. Rydell & Bertram Gawronski - 2009 - Cognition and Emotion 23 (6):1118-1152.
    (2009). I like you, I like you not: Understanding the formation of context-dependent automatic attitudes. Cognition & Emotion: Vol. 23, No. 6, pp. 1118-1152.
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  27.  50
    Two Dimensions of Opacity and the Deep Learning Predicament.Florian J. Boge - 2022 - Minds and Machines 32 (1):43-75.
    Deep neural networks have become increasingly successful in applications from biology to cosmology to social science. Trained DNNs, moreover, correspond to models that ideally allow the prediction of new phenomena. Building in part on the literature on ‘eXplainable AI’, I here argue that these models are instrumental in a sense that makes them non-explanatory, and that their automated generation is opaque in a unique way. This combination implies the possibility of an unprecedented gap between discovery and explanation: When unsupervised models (...)
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  28. I and Tao: Martin Buber's Encounter with Chuang Tzu.Robert E. Allinson & Jonathan R. Herman - 1998 - Philosophy East and West 48 (3):529-534.
    This review confirms Herman’s work as a praiseworthy contribution to East-West and comparative philosophical literature. Due credit is given to Herman for providing English readers with access to Buber’s commentary on, a personal translation of, the Chuang-Tzu; Herman’s insight into the later influence of I and Thou on Buber’s understanding of Chuang-Tzu and Taoism is also appropriately commended. In latter half of this review, constructive criticisms of Herman’s work are put forward, such as formatting inconsistencies, a tendency toward verbosity and (...)
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  29.  23
    I Nomi Degli Dei: A Reconsideration of Agamben’s Oath Complex.Robert S. Leib - 2020 - Law and Critique 31 (1):73-92.
    This essay offers an exegesis and critique of the moment of community formation in Agamben’s Homo Sacer Project. In The Sacrament of Language, Agamben searches for the site of a non-sovereign community founded upon the oath [horkos, sacramentum]: an ancient institution of language that produces and guarantees the connection between speech and the order of things by calling the god as a witness to the speaker’s fidelity. I argue that Agamben’s account ultimately falls short of subverting sovereignty, however, because the (...)
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  30.  70
    Why Computer Simulations Are Not Inferences, and in What Sense They Are Experiments.Florian J. Boge - 2018 - European Journal for Philosophy of Science 9 (1):1-30.
    AbstractThe question of where, between theory and experiment, computer simulations (CSs) locate on the methodological map is one of the central questions in the epistemology of simulation (cf. Saam Journal for General Philosophy of Science, 48, 293–309, 2017). The two extremes on the map have them either be a kind of experiment in their own right (e.g. Barberousse et al. Synthese, 169, 557–574, 2009; Morgan 2002, 2003, Journal of Economic Methodology, 12(2), 317–329, 2005; Morrison Philosophical Studies, 143, 33–57, 2009; Morrison (...)
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  31.  39
    Suppes Patrick and Zinnes Joseph L.. Basic Measurement Theory. Handbook of Mathematical Psychology, Volume I, Edited by Luce R. Duncan, Bush Robert R., and Galanter Eugene, John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York and London 1963, Pp. 1–76. [REVIEW]Robert L. Causey - 1971 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 36 (2):322-323.
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  32.  94
    Robert Rosen’s Work and Complex Systems Biology.I. C. Baianu - 2006 - Axiomathes 16 (1):25-34.
    Complex Systems Biology approaches are here considered from the viewpoint of Robert Rosen’s (M,R)-systems, Relational Biology and Quantum theory, as well as from the standpoint of computer modeling. Realizability and Entailment of (M,R)-systems are two key aspects that relate the abstract, mathematical world of organizational structure introduced by Rosen to the various physicochemical structures of complex biological systems. Their importance for understanding biological function and life itself, as well as for designing new strategies for treating diseases such as cancers, (...)
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  33.  24
    Dana Scott and Patrick Suppes. Foundational Aspects of Theories of Measurement. The Journal of Symbolic Logic, Vol. 23 No. 2 , Pp. 113–128. Reprinted in Readings in Mathematical Psychology, Volume I, Edited by R. Duncan Luce, Robert R. Bush, and Eugene Galanter, John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York and London 1963, Pp. 212–227. [REVIEW]Robert L. Causey - 1968 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 33 (2):287-288.
  34.  23
    The Measure of Mind: Propositional Attitudes and Their Attribution * By ROBERT J. MATTHEWS.Robert Matthews - 2009 - Analysis 69 (1):185-187.
    The deflationary aim of this book, which occupies Part I, is to show that a widely held view has little to be said for it. The constructive aim, pursued in Part II, is to make plausible a measure-theoretic account of propositional attitudes. The discussion is throughout instructive, illuminating and sensitive to the many intricacies surrounding attitude ascriptions and how they can carry information about a subject's psychology. There is close engagement with cognitive science. The book should be read by anyone (...)
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  35.  49
    Computer Simulations, Machine Learning and the Laplacean Demon: Opacity in the Case of High Energy Physics.Florian J. Boge & Paul Grünke - forthcoming - In Andreas Kaminski, Michael Resch & Petra Gehring (eds.), The Science and Art of Simulation II.
    In this paper, we pursue three general aims: (I) We will define a notion of fundamental opacity and ask whether it can be found in High Energy Physics (HEP), given the involvement of machine learning (ML) and computer simulations (CS) therein. (II) We identify two kinds of non-fundamental, contingent opacity associated with CS and ML in HEP respectively, and ask whether, and if so how, they may be overcome. (III) We address the question of whether any kind of opacity, contingent (...)
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  36.  29
    Turing Oracle Machines, Online Computing, and Three Displacements in Computability Theory.Robert I. Soare - 2009 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 160 (3):368-399.
    We begin with the history of the discovery of computability in the 1930’s, the roles of Gödel, Church, and Turing, and the formalisms of recursive functions and Turing automatic machines . To whom did Gödel credit the definition of a computable function? We present Turing’s notion [1939, §4] of an oracle machine and Post’s development of it in [1944, §11], [1948], and finally Kleene-Post [1954] into its present form. A number of topics arose from Turing functionals including continuous functionals on (...)
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  37.  66
    Human Understanding, Vol. I: The Collective Use and Evolution of Concepts.Robert M. Martin - 1973 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 33 (3):441-442.
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  38.  48
    Machine Learning and the Future of Scientific Explanation.Florian J. Boge & Michael Poznic - 2021 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 52 (1):171-176.
    The workshop “Machine Learning: Prediction Without Explanation?” brought together philosophers of science and scholars from various fields who study and employ Machine Learning (ML) techniques, in order to discuss the changing face of science in the light of ML's constantly growing use. One major focus of the workshop was on the impact of ML on the concept and value of scientific explanation. One may speculate whether ML’s increased use in science exemplifies a paradigmatic turn towards mere pattern recognition and prediction (...)
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  39.  62
    Computability Theory and Differential Geometry.Robert I. Soare - 2004 - Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 10 (4):457-486.
    Let M be a smooth, compact manifold of dimension n ≥ 5 and sectional curvature | K | ≤ 1. Let Met (M) = Riem(M)/Diff(M) be the space of Riemannian metrics on M modulo isometries. Nabutovsky and Weinberger studied the connected components of sublevel sets (and local minima) for certain functions on Met (M) such as the diameter. They showed that for every Turing machine T e , e ∈ ω, there is a sequence (uniformly effective in e) of homology (...)
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  40. Critical Thinking: Reflection and Perspective Part I.Robert Ennis - 2011 - Inquiry: Critical Thinking Across the Disciplines 26 (1):4-18.
    This is Part I of a two-part reflection by Robert Ennis on his involvement in the critical thinking movement. Part I deals with how he got started in the movement and with the development of his influential definition of critical thinking and his conception of what critical thinking involves. Part II of the reflection will appear in the next issue of INQUIRY, Vol. 26, No. 2 , and it will cover topics concerned with assessing critical thinking, teaching critical thinking, (...)
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  41. Multisensory Processing and Perceptual Consciousness: Part I.Robert Eamon Briscoe - 2016 - Philosophy Compass 11 (2):121-133.
    Multisensory processing encompasses all of the various ways in which the presence of information in one sensory modality can adaptively influence the processing of information in a different modality. In Part I of this survey article, I begin by presenting a cartography of some of the more extensively investigated forms of multisensory processing, with a special focus on two distinct types of multisensory integration. I briefly discuss the conditions under which these different forms of multisensory processing occur as well as (...)
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  42. By Their Properties, Causes and Effects: Newton's Scholium on Time, Space, Place and Motion—I. The Text.Robert Rynasiewicz - 1995 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 26 (1):133-153.
    As I have read the scholium, it divides into three main parts, not including the introductory paragraph. The first consists of paragraphs one to four in which Newton sets out his characterizations of absolute and relative time, space, place, and motion. Although some justificatory material is included here, notably in paragraph three, the second part is reserved for the business of justifying the characterizations he has presented. The main object is to adduce grounds for believing that the absolute quantities are (...)
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  43. Kant's Virtue Ethics: Robert B. Louden.Robert B. Louden - 1986 - Philosophy 61 (238):473 - 489.
    Among moral attributes true virtue alone is sublime. … [I]t is only by means of this idea [of virtue] that any judgment as to moral worth or its opposite is possible. … Everything good that is not based on a morally good disposition … is nothing but pretence and glittering misery. 1.
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  44. The Infinite Injury Priority Method.Robert I. Soare - 1976 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 41 (2):513-530.
  45.  36
    Mach I, Mach II, Einstein, Und Die Relativitätstheorie. Eine Fälschung Und Ihre Folgen. Gereon Wolter.Robert Disalle - 1990 - Philosophy of Science 57 (4):712-723.
    Historians of relativity theory have puzzled over the fact that, while Einstein regarded Ernst Mach as his chief philosophical mentor, Mach himself publicly rejected relativity in the preface to Die Prinzipien der physikalischen Optik. This work was first published by Mach's son Ludwig in 1921, five years after Mach's death, but the preface is dated “July 1913”, when Einstein was working on general relativity and believing not only that he had Mach's “friendly interest” and support, but also that his project (...)
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  46.  23
    Quantum Reality: A Pragmaticized Neo-Kantian Approach.Florian J. Boge - 2021 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 87:101-113.
    Despite remarkable efforts, it remains notoriously difficult to equip quantum theory with a coherent ontology. Hence, Healey (2017, 12) has recently suggested that ‘‘quantum theory has no physical ontology and states no facts about physical objects or events’’, and Fuchs et al. (2014, 752) similarly hold that ‘‘quantum mechanics itself does not deal directly with the objective world’’. While intriguing, these positions either raise the question of how talk of ‘physical reality’ can even remain meaningful, or they must ultimately embrace (...)
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  47.  38
    Quantum Information Versus Epistemic Logic: An Analysis of the Frauchiger–Renner Theorem.Florian J. Boge - 2019 - Foundations of Physics 49 (10):1143-1165.
    A recent no-go theorem (Frauchiger and Renner in Nat Commun 9(1):3711, 2018) establishes a contradiction from a specific application of quantum theory to a multi- agent setting. The proof of this theorem relies heavily on notions such as ‘knows’ or ‘is certain that’. This has stimulated an analysis of the theorem by Nurgalieva and del Rio (in: Selinger P, Chiribella G (eds) Proceedings of the 15th international conference on quantum physics and logic (QPL 2018). EPTCS 287, Open Publishing Association, Waterloo, (...)
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  48.  33
    How to Infer Explanations From Computer Simulations.Florian J. Boge - 2020 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 82:25-33.
    Computer simulations are involved in numerous branches of modern science, and science would not be the same without them. Yet the question of how they can explain real-world processes remains an issue of considerable debate. In this context, a range of authors have highlighted the inferences back to the world that computer simulations allow us to draw. I will first characterize the precise relation between computer and target of a simulation that allows us to draw such inferences. I then argue (...)
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  49.  7
    Whose Data Are They Anyway? Identification of Relatives and Genetic Exceptionalism.Robert I. Field - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (12):78-79.
    In developing a framework for assessing privacy risks, Dupras and Bunnik’s “Toward a framework for assessing privacy risks in multi-omic research and databases” considers the question of whe...
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  50. Why I Was Never a Zygote.Robert Lane - 2003 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 41 (1):63-83.
    Don Marquis has argued that abortion is immoral because it deprives the fetus of a "future like ours." But Marquis's argument fails by incorrectly assuming that a zygote and the late-term fetus with which it is physically continuous are numerically identical. In fact, the identity of a prebirth human (PBH) across gestation is indeterminate, such that it is determinately morally permissible to destroy an early-term PBH and determinately immoral to destroy a late-term PBH. Beginning at some indeterminate point during gestation (...)
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