Results for 'Robert Bowles'

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  1.  11
    Foundations of Human Sociality - Economic Experiments and Ethnographic: Evidence From Fifteen Small-Scale Societies.Joseph Henrich, Robert Boyd, Samuel Bowles, Colin Camerer, Ernst Fehr & Herbert Gintis (eds.) - 2004 - Oxford University Press UK.
    What motives underlie the ways humans interact socially? Are these the same for all societies? Are these part of our nature, or influenced by our environments?Over the last decade, research in experimental economics has emphatically falsified the textbook representation of Homo economicus. Literally hundreds of experiments suggest that people care not only about their own material payoffs, but also about such things as fairness, equity and reciprocity. However, this research left fundamental questions unanswered: Are such social preferences stable components of (...)
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  2. “Economic Man” in Cross-Cultural Perspective: Behavioral Experiments in 15 Small-Scale Societies.Joseph Henrich, Robert Boyd, Samuel Bowles, Colin Camerer, Ernst Fehr, Herbert Gintis, Richard McElreath, Michael Alvard, Abigail Barr, Jean Ensminger, Natalie Smith Henrich, Kim Hill, Francisco Gil-White, Michael Gurven, Frank W. Marlowe & John Q. Patton - 2005 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (6):795-815.
    Researchers from across the social sciences have found consistent deviations from the predictions of the canonical model of self-interest in hundreds of experiments from around the world. This research, however, cannot determine whether the uniformity results from universal patterns of human behavior or from the limited cultural variation available among the university students used in virtually all prior experimental work. To address this, we undertook a cross-cultural study of behavior in ultimatum, public goods, and dictator games in a range of (...)
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  3. Cooperation, Reciprocity and Punishment in Fifteen Small- Scale Societies.Robert Boyd, Samuel Bowles & Herbert Gintis - unknown
    Recent investigations have uncovered large, consistent deviations from the predictions of the textbook representation of Homo economicus (Roth et al, 1992, Fehr and Gächter, 2000, Camerer 2001). One problem appears to lie in economists’ canonical assumption that individuals are entirely self-interested: in addition to their own material payoffs, many experimental subjects appear to care about fairness and reciprocity, are willing to change the distribution of material outcomes at personal cost, and reward those who act in a cooperative manner while punishing (...)
     
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  4. Models of Decision-Making and the Coevolution of Social Preferences.Joseph Henrich, Robert Boyd, Samuel Bowles, Colin Camerer, Ernst Fehr, Herbert Gintis, Richard McElreath, Michael Alvard, Abigail Barr, Jean Ensminger, Natalie Smith Henrich, Kim Hill, Francisco Gil-White, Michael Gurven, Frank W. Marlowe, John Q. Patton & David Tracer - 2005 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (6):838-855.
    We would like to thank the commentators for their generous comments, valuable insights and helpful suggestions. We begin this response by discussing the selfishness axiom and the importance of the preferences, beliefs, and constraints framework as a way of modeling some of the proximate influences on human behavior. Next, we broaden the discussion to ultimate-level (that is evolutionary) explanations, where we review and clarify gene-culture coevolutionary theory, and then tackle the possibility that evolutionary approaches that exclude culture might be sufficient (...)
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  5. The Evolution of Altruistic Punishment.Robert Boyd, Herbert Gintis, Samuel Bowles, Peter Richerson & J. - 2003 - Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 100 (6):3531-3535.
     
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  6.  30
    Do Threatening Stimuli Draw or Hold Visual Attention in Subclinical Anxiety?Elaine Fox, Riccardo Russo, Robert Bowles & Kevin Dutton - 2001 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 130 (4):681.
  7. Explaining Altruistic Behaviour in Humans.Herb Gintis, Samuel Bowles, Robert Boyd & Fehr & Ernst - 2009 - In Robin Dunbar & Louise Barrett (eds.), Oxford Handbook of Evolutionary Psychology. Oxford University Press.
     
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  8.  22
    The Punishment That Sustains Cooperation is Often Coordinated and Costly.Samuel Bowles, Robert Boyd, Sarah Mathew & Peter J. Richerson - 2012 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 35 (1):20 - 21.
    Experiments are not models of cooperation; instead, they demonstrate the presence of the ethical and other-regarding predispositions that often motivate cooperation and the punishment of free-riders. Experimental behavior predicts subjects' cooperation in the field. Ethnographic studies in small-scale societies without formal coercive institutions demonstrate that disciplining defectors is both essential to cooperation and often costly to the punisher.
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  9.  16
    On the Status of Implicit Memory Bias in Anxiety.Riccardo Russo, Elaine Fox & Robert J. Bowles - 1999 - Cognition and Emotion 13 (4):435-456.
  10.  32
    Models of Decision-Making and the Coevolution of Social Preferences.Henrich Joseph, Boyd Robert, Bowles Samuel, Camerer Colin, Fehr Ernst, Gintis Herbert, McElreath Richard, Alvard Michael, Barr Abigail & Ensminger Jean - 2005 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (6).
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  11.  6
    My Body Until Proven Otherwise: Exploring the Time Course of the Full Body Illusion.Samantha Keenaghan, Lucy Bowles, Georgina Crawfurd, Simon Thurlbeck, Robert W. Kentridge & Dorothy Cowie - 2020 - Consciousness and Cognition 78:102882.
  12.  46
    The Educational Significance of the Ethics Bowl.Robert F. Ladenson - 2001 - Teaching Ethics 1 (1):63-78.
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  13.  7
    Herbert Gintis, Samuel Bowles, Robert Boyd y Ernst Fehr (Eds.): Moral Sentiments and Material Interests: The Foundations of Cooperation in Economic Life. MIT Press, Cambridge, 2005.Jorge Luis Salcedo - 2007 - Foro Interno. Anuario de Teoría Política 7:179-182.
  14.  16
    The Sutton Hoo Ship-Burial, 3/1–2: Late Roman and Byzantine Silver, Hanging-Bowls, Drinking Vessels, Cauldrons and Other Containers, Textiles, the Lyre, Pottery Bottle and Other Items. [REVIEW]Robert Farrell - 1985 - Speculum 60 (1):126-130.
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  15.  40
    Game Theory as Mathematics for Biology: Evolutionary Dynamics and Extensive Form Games Ross Cressman Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2003 (330 Pp; $48.00 Hbk; ISBN 0262033054); Moral Sentiments and Material Interests Herbert Gintis , Samuel Bowles , Robert Boyd and Ernst Fehr , Eds Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2005 (416 Pp; $50.00 Hbk; ISBN 0262072521).Don Ross - 2007 - Biological Theory 2 (1):104-107.
  16.  16
    Perceptions of Insects.Raynald Harvey Lemelin, Jason Dampier, Rick Harper, Robert Bowles & Debbie Balika - 2017 - Society and Animals 25 (6):553-572.
    A Personal Meaning of Insects Map was administered to participants from eastern Canada and northeastern United States. In the four-phase inductive study, participant responses to insects were coded and analyzed. Responses were elicited prior to and after viewing an insect video. Responses regarding the most cited insects, negative and positive associations with insects, and suggested management and education strategies were examined. Participants also discussed how information was acquired from various sources. The findings suggest that perceptions of insects are contextualized and (...)
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  17.  9
    The growth of Ethics Bowls: a pedagogical tool to develop moral reasoning in a complex world.Lisa M. Lee - 2021 - International Journal of Ethics Education 6 (1):141-148.
    The first Ethics Bowl competition was established in the 1990s by Dr. Robert Ladenson of the Illinois Institute of Technology to help students reason through ethical challenges they will face in their personal and professional lives, and help them develop responsibilities as citizens of a democracy. Since then, the Ethics Bowl format and its pedagogical goals have been adapted to many other academic disciplines and a variety of student and professional populations. Our aim was to quantify the growth of (...)
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  18.  11
    Ethics and Professionalism.Robert Wachbroit - 1983 - Bowling Green Studies in Applied Philosophy 5:59-72.
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  19.  18
    Defeasability and Conditional Obligation.Robert P. Mcarthur - 1981 - Bowling Green Studies in Applied Philosophy 3:50-57.
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  20.  20
    Liberty or Liberties?Robert B. Westmoreland - 1985 - Bowling Green Studies in Applied Philosophy 7:204-219.
  21.  14
    On What Ought We Vote?: On Professional Organizations and Public Affairs.Robert Strikwerda - 1984 - Bowling Green Studies in Applied Philosophy 6:182-190.
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  22.  34
    Nothing to Be Proud Of.Robert C. Solomon - 1979 - Bowling Green Studies in Applied Philosophy 1:18-35.
    Emotions, according to David Hume, are “simple and uniform impressions,” “internal” impressions which are related to other impressions according to an empirically demonstrable set of “laws of association.” The notion that an emotion is “simple” and a mere “impression” accounts for the relatively little attention the topic of “the passions” has received in modern philosophy, at least until very recently. Unlike “ideas,” to which such “impressions” are usually contrasted, emotions are thought to be preconceptual, unintelligent, irrational, causal products of “animal (...)
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  23.  19
    The Exploitation of Human Death.Robert B. Hallborg Jr - 1986 - Bowling Green Studies in Applied Philosophy 8:155-167.
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  24.  12
    Brennan, Geoffrey;, Eriksson, Lina;, Goodin, Robert E.; and Southwood, Nicholas. Explaining Norms.Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013. Pp. 290. $55.00. [REVIEW]David K. Henderson - 2014 - Ethics 124 (4):882-888.
    Explaining Norms is a work in philosophy of social science aspiring to provide an account of norms, their general character, their kinds ðformal, legal, moral, and socialÞ, what they can explain, and what explains their dynamic ðemergence, persistence, and unravelingÞ. The authors engage with various positions in ethics, political philosophy, and ðto some extentÞ the philosophy of law. The discussion is rewarding and inventive—it provides distinctive and intriguing views on several topics ðe.g., on the distinction between moral and social normsÞ. (...)
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  25.  43
    The Evolution of Altruistic Punishment.Peter Richerson - manuscript
    Robert Boyd*†, Herbert Gintis‡, Samuel Bowles§, and Peter J. Richerson¶.
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  26. The Evolution of Altruistic Punishment.Rob Boyd - manuscript
    Robert Boyd*†, Herbert Gintis‡, Samuel Bowles§, and Peter J. Richerson¶.
     
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  27. There is No Such Thing as an Unjust Initial Acquisition.Edward Feser - 2005 - Social Philosophy and Policy 22 (1):56-80.
    Critics of Robert Nozick's libertarian political theory often allege that the theory in general and its account of property rights in particular lack sufficient foundations. A key difficulty is thought to lie in his account of how portions of the world which no one yet owns can justly come to be initially acquired. But the difficulty is illusory, because the concept of justice does not meaningfully apply to initial acquisition in the first place. Moreover, the principle of self-ownership provides (...)
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  28.  52
    Ethics of Global Internet, Community and Fame Addiction.Chong Ju Choi & Ron Berger - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 85 (2):193-200.
    Robert Putnam in his book Bowling Alone and subsequent works has analysed the phenomenon that American society increasingly avoids various community driven activities, such as civic associations, activities with friends and family (Putnam, Bowling Alone. Simon and Schuster, New York; 2006). In this paper we introduce the idea that a counterpart to this social trend is a global addiction to fame and celebrity. We believe that the global internet is one of the major drivers of this search for fame (...)
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  29.  66
    Prerogatives, Restrictions, and Rights.Eric Mack - 2005 - Social Philosophy and Policy 22 (1):357-393.
    I offer a defense of the moral side-constraints to which Robert Nozick appeals in Anarchy, State and Utopia but for which he fails to provide a sustained justification. I identify a line of anti-consequentialist argumentation which is present in Nozick and which, in the terminology of Samuel Scheffler, moves first to affirm a personal prerogative which allows the individual not to sacrifice herself for the sake of the best overall outcome and second moves on to affirm restrictions (i.e., moral (...)
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  30.  65
    Communicating Toward Personhood.Susan T. Gardner - 2009 - Analytic Teaching and Philosophical Praxis 29 (1).
    Marshalling a mind-numbing array of data, Harvard political scientist Robert D. Putnam, in his book Bowling Alone, shows that on virtually every conceivable measure, civic participation, or what he refers to as “social capital,” is plummeting to levels not seen for almost 100 years. And we should care, Putnam argues, because connectivity is directly related to both individual and social wellbeing on a wide variety of measures. On the other hand, social capital of the “bonding kind” brings with it (...)
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  31.  51
    I—Robert Audi: Moral Perception and Moral Knowledge.Robert Audi - 2010 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 84 (1):79-97.
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  32. Free Will and Indeterminism: Robert Kane’s Libertarianism.Robert Francis Allen - 2005 - Journal of Philosophical Research 30:341-355.
    Drawing on Aristotle’s notion of “ultimate responsibility,” Robert Kane argues that to be exercising a free will an agent must have taken some character forming decisions for which there were no sufficient conditions or decisive reasons.<sup>1</sup> That is, an agent whose will is free not only had the ability to develop other dispositions, but could have exercised that ability without being irrational. To say it again, a person has a free will just in case her character is the product (...)
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  33.  39
    I—Robert Merrihew Adams: Conflict.Robert Merrihew Adams - 2009 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 83 (1):115-132.
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  34.  7
    Hegel’s Ethics of Recognition.Robert R. Williams - 1997 - University of California Press.
    In this significant contribution to Hegel scholarship, Robert Williams develops the most comprehensive account to date of Hegel's concept of recognition. Fichte introduced the concept of recognition as a presupposition of both Rousseau's social contract and Kant's ethics. Williams shows that Hegel appropriated the concept of recognition as the general pattern of his concept of ethical life, breaking with natural law theory yet incorporating the Aristotelian view that rights and virtues are possible only within a certain kind of community. (...)
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  35. Species: New Interdisciplinary Essays.Robert Andrew Wilson - 1999 - MIT Press.
    This collection of original essays--by philosophers of biology, biologists, and cognitive scientists--provides a wide range of perspectives on species. Including contributions from David Hull, John Dupre, David Nanney, Kevin de Queiroz, and Kim Sterelny, amongst others, this book has become especially well-known for the three essays it contains on the homeostatic property cluster view of natural kinds, papers by Richard Boyd, Paul Griffiths, and Robert A. Wilson.
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  36.  17
    I—Robert Stalnaker.Robert Stalnaker - 2001 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 75 (1):141-156.
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  37.  49
    Free Will and Indeterminism: Robert Kane’s Libertarianism.Robert Francis Allen - 2005 - Journal of Philosophical Research 30:341-355.
    Drawing on Aristotle’s notion of “ultimate responsibility,” Robert Kane argues that to be exercising a free will an agent must have taken some character forming decisions for which there were no sufficient conditions or decisive reasons. That is, an agent whose will is free not only had the ability to develop values and beliefs besides those that presently make up her motives, but could have exercised that ability without being irrational. An agent wills freely, on this view, by beingultimately (...)
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  38.  51
    Tragedy, Recognition, and the Death of God: Studies in Hegel and Nietzsche.Robert R. Williams - 2012 - Oxford University Press.
    Robert R. Williams offers a bold new account of divergences and convergences in the work of Hegel and Nietzsche. He explores four themes - the philosophy of tragedy; recognition and community; critique of Kant; and the death of God - and explicates both thinkers' critiques of traditional theology and metaphysics.
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  39. Selected Philosophical Papers of Robert Boyle.Robert Boyle (ed.) - 1979 - Manchester University Press Barnes & Noble Books.
    "The availability of a paperback version of Boyle's philosophical writings selected by M. A. Stewart will be a real service to teachers, students, and scholars with seventeenth-century interests. The editor has shown excellent judgment in bringing together many of the most important works and printing them, for the most part, in unabridged form. The texts have been edited responsibly with emphasis on readability.... Of special interest in connection with Locke and with the reception of Descarte's Corpuscularianism, to students of the (...)
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  40. On Considering a Possible World as Actual: Robert Stalnaker.Robert Stalnaker - 2001 - Supplement to the Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 75 (1):141-156.
    [Robert Stalnaker] Saul Kripke made a convincing case that there are necessary truths that are knowable only a posteriori as well as contingent truths that are knowable a priori. A number of philosophers have used a two-dimensional model semantic apparatus to represent and clarify the phenomena that Kripke pointed to. According to this analysis, statements have truth-conditions in two different ways depending on whether one considers a possible world 'as actual' or 'as counterfactual' in determining the truth-value of the (...)
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  41.  24
    II—Robert Stalnaker.Robert Stalnaker - 2002 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 76 (1):153-168.
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  42. MIT Encyclopedia of the Cognitive Sciences.Robert Andrew Wilson & Frank C. Keil (eds.) - 1999 - Cambridge, USA: MIT Press.
    "Amongst the human mind's proudest accomplishments is the invention of a science dedicated to understanding itself: cognitive science. ... This volume is an authoritative guide to this exhilarating new body of knowledge, written by the experts, edited with skill and good judment. If we were to leave a time capsule for the next millennium with records of the great achievements of civilization, this volume would have to be in it."--Steven Pinker.
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  43. On Representing True-in-L'in L Robert L. Martin and Peter W. Woodruff.Robert L. Martin - 1984 - In Recent Essays on Truth and the Liar Paradox. Oxford University Press. pp. 47.
     
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  44.  49
    Autobiographical Reminiscences of Robert Rosen.Robert Rosen - 2006 - Axiomathes 16 (1):1-23.
  45. Robert Greystones on Certainty and Skepticism: Selections From His Works.Robert Andrews, Jennifer Ottman & Mark Henninger (eds.) - 2020 - Oup/British Academy.
    This volume is a continuation of Robert Greystones on the Freedom of the Will: Selections from His Commentary on the Sentences. From this, five of the most relevant questions were selected for editing and translation in this timely volume. This edition should prompt not just a footnote to, but a re-writing of the history of philosophy.
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  46.  64
    Recognition: Fichte and Hegel on the Other.Robert R. Williams - 1992 - State University of New York Press.
    Investigates the concept of recognition (anerkennen) under which term the German idealists discussed the Other, intersubjectivity, the interhuman.
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  47.  20
    II—Robert Sugden: On Modelling Vagueness—and onnotModelling Incommensurability.Robert Sugden - 2009 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 83 (1):95-113.
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  48.  14
    Darwin's Metaphor Does Nature Select ?Robert M. Young - 1971 - Dept. Of Philosophy, San Jose College.
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  49.  70
    Why kinship is progeneratively constrained: Extending anthropology.Robert A. Wilson - 2022 - Synthese 200 (2):1-20.
    The conceptualisation of kinship and its study remain contested within anthropology. This paper draws on recent cognitive science, developmental cognitive psychology, and the philosophy of science to offer a novel argument for a view of kinship as progeneratively or reproductively constrained. I shall argue that kinship involves a form of extended cognition that incorporates progenerative facts, going on to show how the resulting articulation of kinship’s progenerative nature can be readily expressed by an influential conception of kinds, the homeostatic property (...)
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  50.  29
    Robert Ackermann. Some Remarks on Kyburg's Modest Proposal. The Philosophical Review, Vol. 71 , Pp. 236–240.Robert L. Causey - 1972 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 37 (1):177-178.
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