Results for 'Robert E. Ulanowicz'

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  1. Ecology, the Ascendent Perspective Robert E. Ulanowicz.Robert E. Ulanowicz - 1997
     
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  2.  52
    Process Ecology: Stepping Stones to Biosemiosis.Robert E. Ulanowicz - 2010 - Zygon 45 (2):391-407.
    Many in science are disposed not to take biosemiotics seriously, dismissing it as too anthropomorphic. Furthermore, biosemiotic apologetics are cast in top-down fashion, thereby adding to widespread skepticism. An effective response might be to approach biosemiotics from the bottom up, but the foundational assumptions that support Enlightenment science make that avenue impossible. Considerations from ecosystem studies reveal, however, that those conventional assumptions, although once possessing great utilitarian value, have come to impede deeper understanding of living systems because they implicitly depict (...)
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  3.  77
    A World of Contingencies.Robert E. Ulanowicz - 2013 - Zygon 48 (1):77-92.
    Physicalism holds that the laws of physics are inviolable and ubiquitous and thereby account for all of reality. Laws leave no “wiggle room” or “gaps” for action by numinous agents. They cannot be invoked, however, without boundary stipulations that perforce are contingent and which “drive” the laws. Driving contingencies are not limited to instances of “blind chance,” but rather span a continuum of amalgamations with regularities, up to and including nearly determinate propensities. Most examples manifest directionality, and their very definition (...)
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  4.  40
    Widening the Third Window.Robert E. Ulanowicz - 2012 - Axiomathes 22 (2):269-289.
    The respondent agrees with William Grassie that many windows on nature are possible; that emphasis must remain on the generation of order; that “chance” would better be recast as “contingency”; and that the ecological metaphysic has wide implications for a “politics of nature”. He accepts the challenge by Pedro Sotolongo to extend his metaphysic into the realm of pan-semiotics and agrees that an ecological perspective offers the best hope for solving the world’s inequities. He replies to Stanley Salthe that he (...)
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  5. The Organic in Ecology.Robert E. Ulanowicz - 2001 - Ludus Vitalis 9 (15):183-204.
     
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  6.  68
    Emergence, Naturally!Robert E. Ulanowicz - 2007 - Zygon 42 (4):945-960.
  7.  8
    Process Ecology.Robert E. Ulanowicz - 2016 - Process Studies 45 (2):199-222.
    Mechanical reductionism, which deals entirely with homogeneous variables, will constrain and enable the activities of richly heterogeneous living systems, but it cannot determine their outcomes. Such indeterminism owes to problems with dimensionality, dynamical logic, intractability, and insufficiency. The order in any living structure arises via an historical series of contingencies that were selected endogenously by stable autocatalytic processes in tandem with, and usually in opposition to, conventional external influences. The development of living communities thereby resembles a Heraclitean dialectic between processes (...)
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  8. From Pessimism to Hope: A Natural Progression.Robert E. Ulanowicz - 2010 - Zygon 45 (4):939-956.
    Mutual critique by scientists and religious believers mostly entails the pruning of untenable religious beliefs by scientists and warnings against scientific minimalism on the part of believers. John F. Haught has been prominent in formulating religious apologetics in response to the challenges posed by evolutionary theory. Haught's work also resonates with a parallel criticism of the conventional scientific metaphysics undergirding neo-Darwinian theory. Contemporary systems ecology seems to indicate that nothing short of a complete reversal of the Enlightenment assumptions about nature (...)
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  9.  37
    Quantifying the Complexity of Flow Networks: How Many Roles Are There?Alexander C. Zorach & Robert E. Ulanowicz - 2003 - Complexity 8 (3):68-76.
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  10.  15
    Fluctuations and Order in Ecosystem Dynamics.Robert E. Ulanowicz - 2005 - Emergence: Complexity and Organization 7 (2).
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  11. Growth and Development Ecosystems Phenomenology.Robert E. Ulanowicz - 1986
     
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  12.  12
    Ping Ao—Darwinian Dynamics Implies Developmental Ascendency : A Matter of Competing Metaphysics.James A. Coffman & Robert E. Ulanowicz - 2007 - Biological Theory 2 (2):179-180.
  13. Evolution in Thermodynamic Perspective: An Ecological Approach. [REVIEW]Bruce H. Weber, David J. Depew, C. Dyke, Stanley N. Salthe, Eric D. Schneider, Robert E. Ulanowicz & Jeffrey S. Wicken - 1989 - Biology and Philosophy 4 (4):373-405.
    Recognition that biological systems are stabilized far from equilibrium by self-organizing, informed, autocatalytic cycles and structures that dissipate unusable energy and matter has led to recent attempts to reformulate evolutionary theory. We hold that such insights are consistent with the broad development of the Darwinian Tradition and with the concept of natural selection. Biological systems are selected that re not only more efficient than competitors but also enhance the integrity of the web of energetic relations in which they are embedded. (...)
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  14. A Call for Metaphysical Reform.Robert E. Ulanowicz - 2009 - Ludus Vitalis 17 (32):459-463.
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  15.  53
    Beyond the Material and the Mechanical: Occam's Razor is a Double-Edged Blade.Robert E. Ulanowicz - 1995 - Zygon 30 (2):249-266.
  16. Ecology, the Subversive Science.Robert E. Ulanowicz - 2000 - Episteme 11:137-152.
  17.  36
    Innovating Democracy: Democratic Theory and Practice After the Deliberative Turn.Robert E. Goodin - 2008 - Oxford University Press.
    Revisioning macro-democratic processes in light of the processes and promise of micro-deliberation, Innovating Democracy provides an integrated perspective on democratic theory and practice after the deliberative turn.
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  18. Utilitarianism as a Public Philosophy.Robert E. Goodin - 1995 - Cambridge University Press.
    Utilitarianism, the great reforming philosophy of the nineteenth century, has today acquired the reputation for being a crassly calculating, impersonal philosophy unfit to serve as a guide to moral conduct. Yet what may disqualify utilitarianism as a personal philosophy makes it an eminently suitable guide for public officials in the pursuit of their professional responsibilities. Robert E. Goodin, a philosopher with many books on political theory, public policy and applied ethics to his credit, defends utilitarianism against its critics and (...)
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  19.  1
    The Psychology of Consciousness.Robert E. Ornstein - 1972 - Harcourt Brace Jovanovich.
  20. Enfranchising All Affected Interests, and its Alternatives.Robert E. Goodin - 2007 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 35 (1):40–68.
  21. An Epistemic Theory of Democracy.Robert E. Goodin & Kai Spiekermann - 2018 - Oxford University Press.
    This book examines the Condorcet Jury Theorem and how its assumptions can be applicable to the real world. It will use the theorem to assess various familiar political practices and alternative institutional arrangements, revealing how best to take advantage of the truth-tracking potential of majoritarian democracy.
     
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  22.  60
    Reasons for Welfare: The Political Theory of the Welfare State.Robert E. Goodin - 1988 - Princeton University Press.
    Discusses the justification for a minimal welfare state independent of political rhetoric from the right or the left.
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  23.  87
    Reflective Democracy.Robert E. Goodin - 2003 - Oxford University Press.
    Democracy used to be seen as a relatively mechanical matter of merely adding up everyone's votes in free and fair elections. That mechanistic model has many virtues, among them allowing democracy to 'track the truth', where purely factual issues are all that is at stake. Political disputes invariably mix facts with values, however, and then it is essential to listen to what people are saying rather than merely note how they are voting. The great challenge is how to implement that (...)
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  24. On the Experience of Time.Robert E. Ornstein - 1969 - Harmondsworth.
    "How do we experience time? What do we use to experience it?In a series of remarkable experiments, Robert Ornstein shows that it is difficult to maintain an “inner clock” explanation of the experience".
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  25. What is so Special About Our Fellow Countrymen?Robert E. Goodin - 1988 - Ethics 98 (4):663-686.
  26.  30
    On Settling.Robert E. Goodin - 2012 - Princeton University Press.
    Introduction -- Modes of settling: settling down, settling in, settling up, settling for, settling one's affairs, settling on -- The value of settling: settling as an aid to planning and agency, settling, commitment, trust, and confidence, settling the social fabric -- What settling is not: settling is not just compromising, settling is not just conservatism, settling is not just resignation -- Settling in aid of striving: settling in order to strive, what strivings require settling, and why, when to switch between (...)
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  27.  25
    The Kyoto School: An Introduction.Robert E. Carter & Thomas P. Kasulis - 2013 - State University of New York Press.
    _An accessible discussion of the thought of key figures of the Kyoto School of Japanese philosophy._.
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  28. Foundational Problems in the Special Sciences Edited by Robert E. Butts and Jaakko Hintikka. --.Robert E. Butts & Jaakko Hintikka - 1977 - D. Reidel.
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  29. New Perspectives on Galileo Papers Deriving From and Related to a Workshop on Galileo Held at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, 1975; Edited by Robert E. Butts and Joseph C. Pitt. --. [REVIEW]Robert E. Butts & Joseph C. Pitt - 1978 - D. Reidel.
     
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  30. The Methodological Heritage of Newton. Edited by Robert E. Butts [and] John W. Davis.Robert E. Butts & John Whitney Davis (eds.) - 1970 - University of Toronto Press.
     
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  31.  29
    Heroic Measures and False Hopes: Robert E. Goodin.Robert E. Goodin - 1988 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 23:17-32.
    The precise application of the term ‘heroic measures’ in the discourse of medicine and medical ethics is somewhat uncertain. What counts and what does not is, at the margins, a perpetually contentious issue. Basically, though, we can say that the term refers to the deployment of unusual technologies or treatment regimes, or of ordinary technologies or treatment regimes beyond their usual limits.
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  32. Benefiting From the Wrongdoing of Others.Robert E. Goodin & Christian Barry - 2014 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 31 (2):363-376.
    Bracket out the wrong of committing a wrong, or conspiring or colluding or conniving with others in their committing one. Suppose you have done none of those things, and you find yourself merely benefiting from a wrong committed wholly by someone else. What, if anything, is wrong with that? What, if any, duties follow from it? If straightforward restitution were possible — if you could just ‘give back’ what you received as a result of the wrongdoing to its rightful owner (...)
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  33.  28
    The Federal Convention and the Formation of the Union of the American States. By Robert E. Brown.Robert E. Brown - 1960 - Ethics 71 (2):139-141.
  34.  75
    Actual Preferences, Actual People: Robert E. Goodin.Robert E. Goodin - 1991 - Utilitas 3 (1):113-119.
    Maximizing want-satisfaction per se is a relatively unattractive aspiration, for it seems to assume that wants are somehow disembodied entities with independent moral claims all of their own. Actually, of course, they are possessed by particular people. What preference-utilitarians should be concerned with is how people's lives go—the fulfilment of their projects and the satisfaction of their desires. In an old-fashioned way of talking, it is happy people rather than happiness per se that utilitarians should be striving to produce.
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  35.  13
    Reflective Democracy.Robert E. Goodin - 2003 - Oxford University Press.
    In this strikingly original book, one of the leading scholars in the field focuses on the influential idea of deliberative democracy. Goodin examines the great challenge of how to implement the deliberative ideal among millions of people at once and comes up with a novel solution: 'democratic deliberation within'.
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  36. Green Political Theory.Robert E. Goodin - 1992 - Polity.
    With their remarkable electoral successes, Green parties worldwide seized the political imagination of friends and foes alike. Mainstream politicians busily disparage them and imitate them in turn. This new book shows that 'greens' deserve to be taken more seriously than that. This is the first full-length philosophical discussion of the green political programme. Goodin shows that green public policy proposals are unified by a single, coherent moral vision - a 'green theory of value' - that is largely independent of the (...)
     
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  37. Demandingness as a Virtue.Robert E. Goodin - 2009 - The Journal of Ethics 13 (1):1-13.
    Philosophers who complain about the ‹demandingness’ of morality forget that a morality can make too few demands as well as too many. What we ought be seeking is an appropriately demanding morality. This article recommends a ‹moral satisficing’ approach to determining when a morality is ‹demanding enough’, and an institutionalized solution to keeping the demands within acceptable limits.
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  38.  81
    Democratic Deliberation Within.Robert E. Goodin - 2000 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 29 (1):81-109.
  39. Understanding the Chinese Mind: The Philosophical Roots.Robert E. Allinson (ed.) - 1989 - Oxford University Press.
    These essays represent an attempt to understand the Chinese mind through its philosophy. The first volume of its kind, the collection demonstrates how Chinese philosophy can be understood in light of techniques and categories taken from Western philosophy. Eight philosophers, each of whom is a recognized authority in Western philosophy as well as in some area of Chinese philosophy, contribute chapters from perspectives that indicate the uniqueness of the Chinese way of thinking in categories adapted from Western philosophy. The book (...)
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  40.  33
    Place and Practice in Field Biology.Robert E. Kohler - 2002 - History of Science 40 (2):189-210.
  41.  18
    Factor Structure of Character Strengths in Youth: Consistency Across Ages and Measures.Robert E. McGrath & David Ian Walker - 2016 - Journal of Moral Education 45 (4):400-418.
    The VIA Classification of Strengths and Virtues attempts to provide a comprehensive model of character based on 24 character strengths. The present study is the largest study to date exploring the structure of the 24 strengths in youth. One sample completed the VIA-Youth, a teen measure of the VIA Classification. Based on a random subsample, it was determined the data were best modeled using four factors. The remainder of the sample was used to demonstrate measurement invariance for the four-factor model (...)
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  42. No Smoking: The Ethical Issues.Robert E. Goodin - 1990 - University of Chicago Press Journals.
     
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  43.  34
    Manipulatory Politics.Robert E. Goodin - 1980 - Yale University Press.
  44. Freedom From Fear.Robert E. Goodin & Frank Jackson - 2007 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 35 (3):249–265.
  45.  22
    The Management of Science: The Experience of Warren Weaver and the Rockefeller Foundation Programme in Molecular Biology. [REVIEW]Robert E. Kohler - 1976 - Minerva 14 (3):279-306.
  46.  21
    William Whewell's Theory of Scientific Method.Robert E. Butts (ed.) - 1969 - University of Pittsburgh Press.
    William Whewell is considered one of the most important nineteenth-century British philosophers of science and a contributor to modern philosophical thought, particularly regarding the problem of induction and the logic of discovery. In this volume, Robert E. Butts offers selections from Whewell's most important writings, and analysis of counter-claims to his philosophy.
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  47.  83
    Toward an International Rule of Law: Distinguishing International Law-Breakers From Would-Be Law-Makers.Robert E. Goodin - 2005 - The Journal of Ethics 9 (1-2):225-246.
    An interesting fact about customary international law is that the only way you can propose an amendment to it is by breaking it. How can that be differentiated from plain law-breaking? What moral standards might apply to that sort of international conduct? I propose we use ones analogous to the ordinary standards for distinguishing civil disobedients from ordinary law-breakers: would-be law-makers, like civil disobedients, must break the law openly; they must accept the legal consequences of doing so; and they must (...)
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  48.  44
    Drosophila: A Life in the Laboratory.Robert E. Kohler - 1993 - Journal of the History of Biology 26 (2):281-310.
  49.  14
    Practice and Place in Twentieth-Century Field Biology: A Comment. [REVIEW]Robert E. Kohler - 2012 - Journal of the History of Biology 45 (4):579 - 586.
  50.  5
    William Whewell: Theory of Scientific Method.Robert E. Butts (ed.) - 1989 - Hackett Publishing.
    This volume includes Whewell's seminal studies of the logic of induction (with his critique of Mill's theory), arguments for his realist view that science discovers necessary truths about nature, and exercises in the epistemology and ontology of science. The book sets forth a coherent statement of a historically important philosophy of science whose influence has never been greater: every one of Whewell's fundamental ideas about the philosophy of science is presented here. -/- .
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