Results for 'Robert F. Cochran'

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  1. Agape, Justice, and Law: How Might Christian Love Shape Law?Robert F. Cochran & Zachary R. Calo (eds.) - 2017 - Cambridge University Press.
    In a provocative essay, philosopher Jeffrie G. Murphy asks: 'what would law be like if we organized it around the value of Christian love, and if we thought about and criticized law in terms of that value?'. This book brings together leading scholars from a variety of disciplines to address that question. Scholars have given surprisingly little attention to assessing how the central Christian ethical category of love - agape - might impact the way we understand law. This book aims (...)
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  2.  84
    Situationist Social Psychology and J. S. Mill's Conception of Character: Robert F. Card.Robert F. Card - 2010 - Utilitas 22 (4):481-493.
    The situationist challenge to global character traits claims that on the basis of findings in social psychology, we should only accept at most the existence of local or context-sensitive traits. In this article I explore a neglected area of J. S. Mill's work to outline an account of context-sensitive traits. This account of traits, coupled with a sophisticated consequentialist ethical framework, suggests an interesting view on which persons govern the circumstances of their actions in order to best promote overall well-being.
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  3.  39
    Divine Omniscience, Immutability, Aseity and Human Free Will: ROBERT F. BROWN.Robert F. Brown - 1991 - Religious Studies 27 (3):285-295.
    If classical Western theism is correct that God's timeless omniscience is compatible with human free will, then it is incoherent to hold that this God can in any strict sense be immutable and a se as well as omniscient. That is my thesis. ‘Classical theism’ shall refer here to the tradition of philosophical theology centring on such mainstream authors as Augustine, Anselm, and Aquinas. ‘Divine omniscience’ shall mean that the eternal God knows all events as a timeless observer of them. (...)
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  4. Abating Treatment with Critically Ill Patients: Ethical and Legal Limits to the Medical Prolongation of Life.Robert F. Weir - 1989 - Oxford University Press.
    This book offers an in-depth analysis of the wide range of issues surrounding "passive euthanasia" and "allow-to-die" decisions. The author develops a comprehensive conceptual model that is highly useful for assessing and dealing with real-life situations. He presents an informative historical overview, an evaluation of the clinical settings in which treatment abatement takes place, and an insightful discussion of relevant legal aspects. The result is a clearly articulated ethical analysis that is medically realistic, philosophically sound, and legally viable.
     
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  5.  33
    Affirming the Decisions Adolescents Make About Life and Death.Robert F. Weir & Charles Peters - 1997 - Hastings Center Report 27 (6):29-40.
  6.  91
    It's About Time: An Overview of the Dynamical Approach to Cognition.Timothy Van Gelder & Robert F. Port - 1995 - In Tim van Gelder & Robert Port (eds.), Mind as Motion: Explorations in the Dynamics of Cognition. MIT Press. pp. 43.
  7. Automatism, Insanity, and the Psychology of Criminal Responsibility: A Philosophical Inquiry.Robert F. Schopp - 1991 - Cambridge University Press.
    This is a book about the role that psychological impairment should play in a theory of criminal liability. Criminal guilt in the Anglo-American legal tradition requires both that the defendant committed some proscribed act and did so with intent, knowledge, or recklessness. The second requirement corresponds to the intuitive idea that people should not be punished for something they did not do 'on purpose' or if they 'did not realize what they were doing'. Unlike many works in this area, this (...)
     
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  8. Ethical Issues in Death and Dying.Robert F. Weir (ed.) - 1986 - Columbia University Press.
     
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  9.  8
    DNA Banking and Informed Consent: Part 1.Robert F. Weir & Jay R. Horton - forthcoming - IRB: Ethics & Human Research.
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  10.  46
    Unsentimental Ethics: Towards a Content-Specific Account of the Moral–Conventional Distinction.Edward B. Royzman, Robert F. Leeman & Jonathan Baron - 2009 - Cognition 112 (1):159-174.
  11. Early Modern Philosophy: Metaphysics, Epistemology, and Politics Essays in Honour of Robert F. Mcrae.Robert F. Mcrae, Georges J. D. Moyal & Stanley Tweyman (eds.) - 1986 - Caravan Books.
  12. Conscientious Objection and Emergency Contraception.Robert F. Card - 2007 - American Journal of Bioethics 7 (6):8 – 14.
    This article argues that practitioners have a professional ethical obligation to dispense emergency contraception, even given conscientious objection to this treatment. This recent controversy affects all medical professionals, including physicians as well as pharmacists. This article begins by analyzing the option of referring the patient to another willing provider. Objecting professionals may conscientiously refuse because they consider emergency contraception to be equivalent to abortion or because they believe contraception itself is immoral. This article critically evaluates these reasons and concludes that (...)
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  13.  7
    [Book Review] Automatism, Insanity, and the Psychology of Criminal Responsibility, a Philosophical Inquiry. [REVIEW]Robert F. Schopp - 1993 - Ethics 103 (3):594-596.
    This is a book about the role that psychological impairment should play in a theory of criminal liability. Criminal guilt in the Anglo-American legal tradition requires both that the defendant committed some proscribed act and did so with intent, knowledge, or recklessness. The second requirement corresponds to the intuitive idea that people should not be punished for something they did not do 'on purpose' or if they 'did not realize what they were doing'. Unlike many works in this area, this (...)
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  14.  17
    A Delay of Reinforcement Gradient and Correlated Reinforcement in the Instrumental Conditioning of Conversational Behavior.Robert F. Weiss, Jenny L. Boyer, James T. Colwick & Dennis J. Moran - 1971 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 90 (1):33.
  15. Exposure and Affect: Overview and Meta-Analysis of Research 1968-1987.Robert F. Bornstein - 1989 - Psychological Bulletin 106:265-89.
     
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  16.  14
    Encoding Variability: Tests of the Martin Hypothesis.Robert F. Williams & Benton J. Underwood - 1970 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 86 (2):317.
  17.  51
    The Inevitability of Assessing Reasons in Debates About Conscientious Objection in Medicine.Robert F. Card - 2017 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 26 (1):82-96.
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  18.  48
    The Morality of Physician-Assisted Suicide.Robert F. Weir - 1992 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 20 (1-2):116-126.
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  19.  9
    Pediatric Ethics Committees: Ethical Advisers or Legal Watchdogs?Robert F. Weir - 1987 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 15 (3):99-109.
  20.  4
    [Book Review] Justification Defenses and Just Convictions. [REVIEW]Robert F. Schopp - 1999 - Criminal Justice Ethics 18 (1):41-51.
    This major study advances an interpretation of criminal justification defences that views them as an integral component of the structure of the criminal law. Criminal law is defined here as the institutional representation of the underlying principles of political morality in a liberal society. The book extends the traditional scope of the legal and philosophical discussion of justification defences. It integrates philosophical analysis with a consideration of contemporary applications, it shows how these defences are key components of criminal law, and (...)
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  21.  49
    Reasonability and Conscientious Objection in Medicine: A Reply to Marsh and an Elaboration of the Reason‐Giving Requirement.Robert F. Card - 2014 - Bioethics 28 (6):320-326.
    In this paper I defend the Reasonability View: the position that medical professionals seeking a conscientious exemption must state reasons in support of their objection and allow those reasons to be subject to evaluation. Recently, this view has been criticized by Jason Marsh as proposing a standard that is either too difficult to meet or too easy to satisfy. First, I defend the Reasonability View from this proposed dilemma. Then, I develop this view by presenting and explaining some of the (...)
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  22.  8
    Composition of Episodic Memory.Benton J. Underwood, Robert F. Boruch & Robert A. Malmi - 1978 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 107 (4):393-419.
  23.  14
    Measuring Knowledge Utilization: Processes and Outcomes.Robert F. Rich - 1997 - Knowledge and Policy 10 (3):11-24.
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  24.  7
    The Morality of Physician-Assisted Suicide.Robert F. Weir - 1992 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 20 (1-2):116-126.
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  25.  6
    Rational Consensus in Science and Society.Robert F. Bordley - 1986 - Noûs 20 (4):565-568.
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  26.  30
    Robert F. Berkhofer III, Day of Reckoning: Power and Accountability in Medieval France. (The Middle Ages Series.) Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2004. Pp. Vi, 270; Tables. $49.95. [REVIEW]Daniel Lord Smail - 2006 - Speculum 81 (1):147-148.
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  27.  5
    Freedom and Nature: The Voluntary and the Involuntary.Robert F. Creegan - 1967 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 28 (4):608-610.
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  28.  4
    Pediatric Ethics Committees: Ethical Advisers or Legal Watchdogs?Robert F. Weir - 1987 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 15 (3):99-109.
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  29.  17
    In Defence of Medical Tribunals and the Reasonability Standard for Conscientious Objection in Medicine.Robert F. Card - 2016 - Journal of Medical Ethics 42 (2):73-75.
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  30.  42
    The Transcendental Fall In Kant and Schelling.Robert F. Brown - 1984 - Idealistic Studies 14 (1):49-66.
    I have argued elsewhere that the traditional Augustinian account of the fall is conceptually defective. It offers causal explanations for the first instance of willing evil which violate affirmations of divine goodness and justice integral to Christian thought. Augustine is the most influential spokesperson for the conviction that the first human pair initiated fallenness on the earth by decisions and actions they took within time though indeed very near to time’s beginning. A supporting account, embellished imaginatively by the tradition, enlarges (...)
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  31.  13
    Reasons, Reasonability and Establishing Conscientious Objector Status in Medicine.Robert F. Card - 2017 - Journal of Medical Ethics 43 (4):222-225.
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  32.  6
    Rudolf Otto's Interpretation of Religion.Robert F. Davidson - 1947 - Princeton: Princeton University Press.
  33.  43
    Systematicity in Connectionist Language Learning.Robert F. Hadley - 1994 - Mind and Language 9 (3):247-72.
  34.  86
    Conscientious Objection, Emergency Contraception, and Public Policy.Robert F. Card - 2011 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 36 (1):53-68.
    Defenders of medical professionals’ rights to conscientious objection (CO) regarding emergency contraception (EC) draw an analogy to CO in the military. Such professionals object to EC since it has the possibility of harming zygotic life, yet if we accept this analogy and utilize jurisprudence to frame the associated public policy, those who refuse to dispense EC would not have their objection honored. Legal precedent holds that one must consistently object to all forms of the relevant activity. In the case at (...)
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  35.  19
    The" Kaihōgyō" Practice of Mt. Hiei.Robert F. Rhodes - 1987 - Japanese Journal of Religious Studies 14 (2/3):185-202.
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  36. Genetic Research, Adolescents, and Informed Consent.Robert F. Weir & Jay R. Horton - 1995 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 16 (4).
    The participation of adolescents in genetic research engenders unusual problems concerning the nature of their informed consent. In this study we analyze 70 consent documents collected from genetics investigators in the United States who conduct research with children and adolescents. We find that many consent documents do not reflect either the current or the developing ethical and legal standards for research with adolescents and that in many cases the documents are simply confusing or unclear. We make recommendations for change to (...)
     
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  37.  5
    Law, Liberalism, and Free Speech.Robert F. Ladenson - 1987 - Ethics 97 (3):672-673.
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  38. The 'Explicit-Implicit' Distinction.Robert F. Hadley - 1995 - Minds and Machines 5 (2):219-42.
    Much of traditional AI exemplifies the explicit representation paradigm, and during the late 1980''s a heated debate arose between the classical and connectionist camps as to whether beliefs and rules receive an explicit or implicit representation in human cognition. In a recent paper, Kirsh (1990) questions the coherence of the fundamental distinction underlying this debate. He argues that our basic intuitions concerning explicit and implicit representations are not only confused but inconsistent. Ultimately, Kirsh proposes a new formulation of the distinction, (...)
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  39.  4
    The Burning Fountain. A Study in the Language of Symbolism.Robert F. Creegan - 1955 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 16 (1):144-146.
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  40.  52
    Individual Responsibility Within Organizational Contexts.Robert F. Card - 2005 - Journal of Business Ethics 62 (4):397-405.
    Actions within organizational contexts should be understood differently as compared with actions performed outside of such contexts. This is the case due to the agentic shift, as discussed by social psychologist Stanley Milgram, and the role that systemic factors play in shaping the available alternatives from which individuals acting within institutions choose. The analysis stemming from Milgram’s experiments suggests not simply that individuals temporarily abdicate their moral agency on occasion, but that there is an erosion of agency within organizations. The (...)
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  41.  12
    Book Review: Law, Liberalism, and Free Speech. D. F. B. Tucker. [REVIEW]Robert F. Ladenson - 1987 - Ethics 97 (3):672-.
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  42.  23
    Development of Expertise in Mathematical Problem Solving.John Sweller, Robert F. Mawer & Mark R. Ward - 1983 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 112 (4):639-661.
  43.  25
    Good Gossip.Elizabeth Telfer, Robert F. Goodman & Aaron Ben-Ze'ev - 1996 - Philosophical Quarterly 46 (185):561.
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  44.  13
    Noam Chomsky: A Life of Dissent.George Szanto & Robert F. Barsky - 1998 - Substance 27 (2):128.
  45. Ethical Issues in the Music Industry Response to Innovation and Piracy.Robert F. Easley - 2005 - Journal of Business Ethics 62 (2):163-168.
    The current conflict between the recording industry and a portion of its customers who are involved in illicit copying of music files arose from innovations involving the compression and electronic distribution of files over the internet. This paper briefly describes some of the challenges faced by the recording industry, and examines some of the ethical issues that arise in various industry and consumer responses to the opportunities and threats presented by these innovations. The paper concludes by highlighting the risks associated (...)
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  46.  62
    Is There No Alternative? Conscientious Objection by Medical Students.Robert F. Card - 2012 - Journal of Medical Ethics 38 (10):602-604.
    Recent survey data gathered from British medical students reveal widespread acceptance of conscientious objection in medicine, despite the existence of strict policies in the UK that discourage conscientious refusals by students to aspects of their medical training. This disconnect demonstrates a pressing need to thoughtfully examine policies that allow conscience objections by medical students; as it so happens, the USA is one country that has examples of such policies. After presenting some background on promulgated US conscience protections and reflecting on (...)
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  47.  9
    The Market View on Conscientious Objection: Overvalued.Robert F. Card - 2019 - Journal of Medical Ethics 45 (3):168-172.
    Ancell and Sinnott-Armstrong argue that medical providers possess wide freedoms to determine the scope of their practice, and therefore, prohibiting almost any conscientious objections is a bad idea. They maintain that we could create an acceptable system on the whole which even grants accommodations to discriminatory refusals by healthcare professionals. Their argument is premised upon applying a free market mechanism to conscientious objections in medicine, yet I argue their Market View possesses a number of absurd and troubling implications. Furthermore, I (...)
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  48. Inconsistency and the Theoretical Commitments of Hooker's Rule-Consequentialism.Robert F. Card - 2007 - Utilitas 19 (2):243-258.
    Rule-consequentialism is frequently regarded as problematic since it faces the following powerful dilemma: either rule-consequentialism collapses into act-consequentialism or rule-consequentialism is inconsistent. Recent defenders of this theory such as Brad Hooker provide a careful response to this objection. By explicating the nature and theoretical commitments of rule-consequentialism, I contend that these maneuvers are not successful by offering a new way of viewing the dilemma which retains its force even in light of these recent discussions. The central idea is that even (...)
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  49.  58
    Consequentialism, Teleology, and the New Friendship Critique.Robert F. Card - 2004 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 85 (2):149-172.
  50.  33
    Systematicity Revisited.Robert F. Hadley - 1994 - Mind and Language 9 (4):431-44.
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