Results for 'Robert F. Harle'

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  1.  43
    Cyborgs, Uploading and Immortality — Some Serious Concerns.Robert F. Harle - 2002 - Sophia 41 (2):73-85.
    Transhumanism and Extropianism are two recent ‘movements’ which aspire to transcend the perceived limitations of human biological evolution. This paper takes a critical look at two of the most controversial aspects of Extropianism—Uploading and Immortality. Uploading is the process by which a human will be able to transfer the entire contents of their brain to a more suitable supercomputational medium. When the newentity exist as software, immortality is virtually assured. This should be possible, it is claimed, within the next fifty (...)
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  2.  91
    Situationist Social Psychology and J. S. Mill's Conception of Character: Robert F. Card.Robert F. Card - 2010 - Utilitas 22 (4):481-493.
    The situationist challenge to global character traits claims that on the basis of findings in social psychology, we should only accept at most the existence of local or context-sensitive traits. In this article I explore a neglected area of J. S. Mill's work to outline an account of context-sensitive traits. This account of traits, coupled with a sophisticated consequentialist ethical framework, suggests an interesting view on which persons govern the circumstances of their actions in order to best promote overall well-being.
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  3.  39
    Considering Moral Sensitivity in Media Ethics Courses and Research: An Essay Review by Robert F. Potter.Robert F. Potter - 1997 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 12 (1):51-57.
    (1997). Considering moral sensitivity in media ethics courses and research: An essay review by Robert F. Potter. Journal of Mass Media Ethics: Vol. 12, No. 1, pp. 51-57. doi: 10.1207/s15327728jmme1201_4.
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  4.  1
    Early Modern Philosophy: Metaphysics, Epistemology, and Politics Essays in Honour of Robert F. Mcrae.Robert F. McRae (ed.) - 1985 - Caravan Books.
    Sixteen essays on epistemology, metaphysics, & history & politics, treating aspects of the writings of Descartes, Locke, Hume, Kant, Leibniz, & Hobbes.
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  5.  47
    Divine Omniscience, Immutability, Aseity and Human Free Will: ROBERT F. BROWN.Robert F. Brown - 1991 - Religious Studies 27 (3):285-295.
    If classical Western theism is correct that God's timeless omniscience is compatible with human free will, then it is incoherent to hold that this God can in any strict sense be immutable and a se as well as omniscient. That is my thesis. ‘Classical theism’ shall refer here to the tradition of philosophical theology centring on such mainstream authors as Augustine, Anselm, and Aquinas. ‘Divine omniscience’ shall mean that the eternal God knows all events as a timeless observer of them. (...)
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  6.  20
    Epictetus: Discourses, Book 1.Robert F. Dobbin (ed.) - 2007 - Oxford University Press.
    Robert Dobbin presents a new translation into clear modern English of the first book of Epictetus' Discourses, accompanied by the first ever commentary on the work in English. The Discourses, composed around AD 100, are a key source for ancient Stoicism, one of the most influential schools of thought in Western philosophy.
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  7. Conscientious Objection and Emergency Contraception.Robert F. Card - 2007 - American Journal of Bioethics 7 (6):8 – 14.
    This article argues that practitioners have a professional ethical obligation to dispense emergency contraception, even given conscientious objection to this treatment. This recent controversy affects all medical professionals, including physicians as well as pharmacists. This article begins by analyzing the option of referring the patient to another willing provider. Objecting professionals may conscientiously refuse because they consider emergency contraception to be equivalent to abortion or because they believe contraception itself is immoral. This article critically evaluates these reasons and concludes that (...)
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  8.  6
    Hegel: Lectures on the Philosophy of World History, Volume I:Manuscripts of the Introduction and the Lectures of 1822-1823: Manuscripts of the Introduction and the Lectures of 1822-1823.Robert F. Brown & Peter C. Hodgson (eds.) - 2011 - Oxford University Press.
    Brown and Hodgson present a new English edition of Hegel's 1822-3 lectures on the philosophy of world history. Here he sets out his vision of the development of reason, spirit, and culture in human history, as it advances inexorably towards the establishment of a political state of free, fully self-conscious individuals and just institutions.
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  9.  6
    Hegel Lectures on the History of Philosophy 1825-6 Volume Ii Greek Philosophy.Robert F. Brown (ed.) - 2006 - Oxford University Press UK.
    The Hegel Lectures SeriesSeries Editor: Peter C. HodgsonHegel's lectures have had as great a historical impact as the works he himself published. Important elements of his system are elaborated only in the lectures, especially those given in Berlin during the last decade of his life. The original editors conflated materials from different sources and dates, obscuring the development and logic of Hegel's thought. The Hegel Lectures series is based on a selection of extant and recently discovered transcripts and manuscripts. The (...)
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  10.  9
    Hegel: Lectures on the History of Philosophy 1825-6: Volume I: Introduction and Oriental Philosophy.Robert F. Brown (ed.) - 2009 - Oxford University Press.
    This edition offers for the first time an English translation of what Hegel actually said in his landmark Lectures on the History of Philosophy. Volume I contains Hegel's discussion of the history of Chinese and Indian philosophy, and it also sets out the significant changes that Hegel made to his stage-setting introduction to the lectures.
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  11.  7
    Hegel: Lectures on the History of Philosophy: Volume III: Medieval and Modern Philosophy, Revised Edition.Robert F. Brown (ed.) - 2009 - Oxford University Press.
    Hegel's interpretation of the history of philosophy played a central role in the shaping of his own thought, and brought about one of the determining events of modern intellectual history: the rise of a new historical consciousness of human life, culture, and intellect. This third volume of the lectures covers the medieval and modern periods.
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  12.  57
    The Inevitability of Assessing Reasons in Debates About Conscientious Objection in Medicine.Robert F. Card - 2017 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 26 (1):82-96.
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  13.  50
    Reasonability and Conscientious Objection in Medicine: A Reply to Marsh and an Elaboration of the Reason‐Giving Requirement.Robert F. Card - 2014 - Bioethics 28 (6):320-326.
    In this paper I defend the Reasonability View: the position that medical professionals seeking a conscientious exemption must state reasons in support of their objection and allow those reasons to be subject to evaluation. Recently, this view has been criticized by Jason Marsh as proposing a standard that is either too difficult to meet or too easy to satisfy. First, I defend the Reasonability View from this proposed dilemma. Then, I develop this view by presenting and explaining some of the (...)
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  14.  7
    The Philosophy of Primary Education: An Introduction.Robert F. Dearden - 1968 - New York: Humanities P..
  15.  5
    What Is Disease?James M. Humber & Robert F. Almeder (eds.) - 1997 - Humana Press.
    In What is Disease?, renowned philosophers and medical ethicists survey and elucidate the profoundly important concepts of disease and health. Christopher Boorse begins with an extensive reexamination of his seminal definition of disease as a value-free scientific concept. In responding to all those who criticized this view, which came to be called "naturalism" or "neutralism," Boorse clarifies and updates his landmark ideas on this crucial question. Other distinguished thinkers analyze, develop, and oftentimes defend competing, nonnaturalistic theories of disease, including discussions (...)
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  16.  13
    Rational Consensus in Science and Society.Robert F. Bordley - 1986 - Noûs 20 (4):565-568.
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  17. A New Theory of Conscientious Objection in Medicine: Justification and Reasonability.Robert F. Card - 2020 - Routledge.
    This book argues that a conscientiously objecting medical professional should receive an exemption only if the grounds of an objector's refusal are reasonable. It defends a detailed, contextual account of public reasonability suited for healthcare, which builds from the overarching concept of Rawlsian public reason. The author analyzes the main competing positions and maintains that these other views fail precisely due to their systematic inattention to the grounding reasons behind a conscientious objection; he argues that any such view is plausible (...)
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  18. Robert F. Weir: "Selective Treatment of Handicapped Newborns". [REVIEW]Robert Barry - 1985 - The Thomist 49 (2):313.
     
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  19. Exposure and Affect: Overview and Meta-Analysis of Research 1968-1987.Robert F. Bornstein - 1989 - Psychological Bulletin 106:265-89.
     
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  20.  23
    In Defence of Medical Tribunals and the Reasonability Standard for Conscientious Objection in Medicine.Robert F. Card - 2016 - Journal of Medical Ethics 42 (2):73-75.
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  21.  26
    The Imagery of Sophocles' Antigone, a Study of Poetic Language and Structure. By Robert F. Goheen. Princeton: University Press, 1951 . Pp. 171. 20s. [REVIEW]R. W. B. Burton & Robert F. Goheen - 1954 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 74:196-197.
  22.  92
    Conscientious Objection, Emergency Contraception, and Public Policy.Robert F. Card - 2011 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 36 (1):53-68.
    Defenders of medical professionals’ rights to conscientious objection (CO) regarding emergency contraception (EC) draw an analogy to CO in the military. Such professionals object to EC since it has the possibility of harming zygotic life, yet if we accept this analogy and utilize jurisprudence to frame the associated public policy, those who refuse to dispense EC would not have their objection honored. Legal precedent holds that one must consistently object to all forms of the relevant activity. In the case at (...)
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  23.  18
    Reasons, Reasonability and Establishing Conscientious Objector Status in Medicine.Robert F. Card - 2017 - Journal of Medical Ethics 43 (4):222-225.
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  24. Review Of: Gennadij Aljaev, Tereza Obolevitch, Tatjana Rezvykh, Aleksandr Tsygankov, S.L. Frank o F.M. Dostoevskom: Novye Materialy (S.L. Frank on F.M. Dostoevsky: New Materials), Moscow, Institut Filosofii RAN, 2021, 368 Pp. [REVIEW]Robert F. Slesinski - forthcoming - Studies in East European Thought.
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  25.  55
    Systematicity in Connectionist Language Learning.Robert F. Hadley - 1994 - Mind and Language 9 (3):247-72.
  26.  55
    Individual Responsibility Within Organizational Contexts.Robert F. Card - 2005 - Journal of Business Ethics 62 (4):397-405.
  27. Inconsistency and the Theoretical Commitments of Hooker's Rule-Consequentialism.Robert F. Card - 2007 - Utilitas 19 (2):243-258.
    Rule-consequentialism is frequently regarded as problematic since it faces the following powerful dilemma: either rule-consequentialism collapses into act-consequentialism or rule-consequentialism is inconsistent. Recent defenders of this theory such as Brad Hooker provide a careful response to this objection. By explicating the nature and theoretical commitments of rule-consequentialism, I contend that these maneuvers are not successful by offering a new way of viewing the dilemma which retains its force even in light of these recent discussions. The central idea is that even (...)
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  28.  33
    Blind Realism: An Essay on Human Knowledge and Natural Science.Robert F. Almeder - 1991 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    Blind Realism originated in the deeply felt conviction that the widespread acceptance of Gettier-type counterexamples to the classical definition of knowledge rests in a demonstrably erroneous understanding of the nature of human knowledge. In seeking to defend that conviction, Robert F. Almeder offers a fairly detailed and systematic picture of the nature and limits of human factual knowledge.
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  29.  5
    Blind Realism: An Essay on Human Knowledge and Natural Science.Robert F. Almeder - 1991 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    Blind Realism originated in the deeply felt conviction that the widespread acceptance of Gettier-type counterexamples to the classical definition of knowledge rests in a demonstrably erroneous understanding of the nature of human knowledge. In seeking to defend that conviction, Robert F. Almeder offers a fairly detailed and systematic picture of the nature and limits of human factual knowledge.
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  30.  12
    The Market View on Conscientious Objection: Overvalued.Robert F. Card - 2019 - Journal of Medical Ethics 45 (3):168-172.
    Ancell and Sinnott-Armstrong argue that medical providers possess wide freedoms to determine the scope of their practice, and therefore, prohibiting almost any conscientious objections is a bad idea. They maintain that we could create an acceptable system on the whole which even grants accommodations to discriminatory refusals by healthcare professionals. Their argument is premised upon applying a free market mechanism to conscientious objections in medicine, yet I argue their Market View possesses a number of absurd and troubling implications. Furthermore, I (...)
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  31.  10
    Human Happiness and Morality: A Brief Introduction to Ethics.Robert F. Almeder - 2000 - Prometheus Books.
    In Human Happiness and Morality, noted philosopher Robert Almeder provides lucid introductory explanations of the major ethical theories and traditions, as well as a clear and comprehensive discussion of the proposed answers to three basic questions in ethics: What makes a right act right? Why should I be moral? What is human happiness and how can I attain it? He then ventures beyond the basic questions, describing the relationship between morality and happiness; clearly defining human happiness; and raising the (...)
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  32.  3
    Perception Without Awareness: Cognitive, Clinical, and Social Perspectives.Robert F. Bornstein & Thane S. Pittman - 1992 - Guilford.
    This landmark volume brings together the work of the world's leading researchers in sublimated perception. This compilation marks a fundamental shift in the current study of subliminal effects: No longer in question is the notion that perception without awareness occurs. Now, the emphasis is on elucidating the parameters of subliminal effects and understanding the conditions under which stimuli perceived without awareness significantly influence affect, cognition, and behavior. PERCEPTION WITHOUT AWARENESS firmly establishes subliminal perception within the mainstream of psychological science. Well (...)
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  33. The 'Explicit-Implicit' Distinction.Robert F. Hadley - 1995 - Minds and Machines 5 (2):219-42.
    Much of traditional AI exemplifies the explicit representation paradigm, and during the late 1980''s a heated debate arose between the classical and connectionist camps as to whether beliefs and rules receive an explicit or implicit representation in human cognition. In a recent paper, Kirsh (1990) questions the coherence of the fundamental distinction underlying this debate. He argues that our basic intuitions concerning explicit and implicit representations are not only confused but inconsistent. Ultimately, Kirsh proposes a new formulation of the distinction, (...)
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  34.  62
    Is There No Alternative? Conscientious Objection by Medical Students.Robert F. Card - 2012 - Journal of Medical Ethics 38 (10):602-604.
    Recent survey data gathered from British medical students reveal widespread acceptance of conscientious objection in medicine, despite the existence of strict policies in the UK that discourage conscientious refusals by students to aspects of their medical training. This disconnect demonstrates a pressing need to thoughtfully examine policies that allow conscience objections by medical students; as it so happens, the USA is one country that has examples of such policies. After presenting some background on promulgated US conscience protections and reflecting on (...)
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  35. Ethical Issues in the Music Industry Response to Innovation and Piracy.Robert F. Easley - 2005 - Journal of Business Ethics 62 (2):163-168.
    The current conflict between the recording industry and a portion of its customers who are involved in illicit copying of music files arose from innovations involving the compression and electronic distribution of files over the internet. This paper briefly describes some of the challenges faced by the recording industry, and examines some of the ethical issues that arise in various industry and consumer responses to the opportunities and threats presented by these innovations. The paper concludes by highlighting the risks associated (...)
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  36.  5
    Abating Treatment with Critically Ill Patients: Ethical and Legal Limits to the Medical Prolongation of Life.Robert F. Weir - 1989 - Oxford University Press.
    This book offers an in-depth analysis of the wide range of issues surrounding "passive euthanasia" and "allow-to-die" decisions. The author develops a comprehensive conceptual model that is highly useful for assessing and dealing with real-life situations. He presents an informative historical overview, an evaluation of the clinical settings in which treatment abatement takes place, and an insightful discussion of relevant legal aspects. The result is a clearly articulated ethical analysis that is medically realistic, philosophically sound, and legally viable.
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  37.  71
    Consequentialism, Teleology, and the New Friendship Critique.Robert F. Card - 2004 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 85 (2):149-172.
  38.  99
    De Finetti Was Right: Probability Does Not Exist.Robert F. Nau - 2001 - Theory and Decision 51 (2/4):89-124.
    De Finetti's treatise on the theory of probability begins with the provocative statement PROBABILITY DOES NOT EXIST, meaning that probability does not exist in an objective sense. Rather, probability exists only subjectively within the minds of individuals. De Finetti defined subjective probabilities in terms of the rates at which individuals are willing to bet money on events, even though, in principle, such betting rates could depend on state-dependent marginal utility for money as well as on beliefs. Most later authors, from (...)
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  39. It's About Time: An Overview of the Dynamical Approach to Cognition.Timothy Van Gelder & Robert F. Port - 1995 - In Tim van Gelder & Robert Port (eds.), Mind as Motion: Explorations in the Dynamics of Cognition. MIT Press. pp. 43.
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  40.  29
    Scouring the Scourge: Spontaneous Abortion and Morality.Robert F. Card - 2008 - American Journal of Bioethics 8 (7):27 – 29.
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  41.  19
    Influences of Misleading Postevent Information: Misinformation Interference and Acceptance.Robert F. Belli - 1989 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 118 (1):72-85.
  42.  3
    Comparative Education: The Dialectic of the Global and the Local.Robert F. Arnove & Carlos Alberto Torres (eds.) - 2007 - Rowman & Littlefield.
    Comparative Education examines the common problems facing education systems around the world as the result of global economic, social, and cultural forces. Issues related to the governance, financing, provision, processes, and outcomes of education systems for differently situated social groups are described and analyzed in specific regional, national, and local contexts.
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  43.  59
    Consequentialist Teleology and the Valuation of States of Affairs.Robert F. Card - 2004 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 7 (3):253-265.
    Elizabeth Anderson claims that states of affairs are merely extrinsically valuable, since we value them only in virtue of the intrinsically valuable persons in those states of affairs. Since it considers states of affairs to be the sole bearers of intrinsic value, Anderson argues that consequentialism is incoherent because it attempts to globally maximize extrinsic value. I respond to this objection by distinguishing between two forms of consequentialist teleology and arguing that Anderson''s claim is either harmless or her argument for (...)
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  44.  40
    Systematicity Revisited.Robert F. Hadley - 1994 - Mind and Language 9 (4):431-44.
  45.  6
    Ronald J. Rychlak and Jane F. Adolphe, Editors, The Persecution and Genocide of Christians in the Middle East: Prevention, Prohibition, & Prosecution. [REVIEW]Robert F. Gorman - 2018 - Catholic Social Science Review 23:358-361.
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  46.  39
    Arbitrage, Rationality, and Equilibrium.Robert F. Nau & Kevin F. McCardle - 1991 - Theory and Decision 31 (2-3):199-240.
  47.  84
    Basic Knowledge and Justification.Robert F. Almeder - 1983 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 13 (1):115-127.
    As an introduction to explicating the concept of basic knowledge, I shall examine Aristotle's argument for the existence of basic knowledge and urge two basic points. The first point is that Aristotle's argument, properly viewed, establishes the existence of a kind of knowledge, basic or non-demonstrative knowledge, the definition of which does not require the specification of, and hence the satisfaction of, any evidence condition. This point has been urged by philosophers like Peirce and Austin but it needs further argumentation (...)
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  48.  79
    Strong Semantic Systematicity From Hebbian Connectionist Learning.Robert F. Hadley & M. B. Hayward - 1997 - Minds and Machines 7 (1):1-55.
    Fodor's and Pylyshyn's stand on systematicity in thought and language has been debated and criticized. Van Gelder and Niklasson, among others, have argued that Fodor and Pylyshyn offer no precise definition of systematicity. However, our concern here is with a learning based formulation of that concept. In particular, Hadley has proposed that a network exhibits strong semantic systematicity when, as a result of training, it can assign appropriate meaning representations to novel sentences (both simple and embedded) which contain words in (...)
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  49. Beyond the Great Story: History as Text and Discourse.Robert F. Berkhofer - 1995 - Harvard University Press.
    Berkhofer ranges through a vast archive of recent writings by a broad range of authors. He explicates the opposing paradigms and their corresponding dilemmas by presenting in dialogue form the positions of modernists and postmodernists, formalists and deconstructionists, textualists and contextualists.
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  50.  39
    Affirming the Decisions Adolescents Make About Life and Death.Robert F. Weir & Charles Peters - 1997 - Hastings Center Report 27 (6):29-40.
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